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Saguache , Colorado
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January 24, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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January 24, 1901
 

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Before:1 ttee to--1 ltement; t 1 it. n pro- aentary e ouu- behind ter the nmand- qth the e, if wful hts ~gln for 1 he, ould lain- Lithe ated '.tlon die4 L )ro.f. n of bout ;vlth Ung. reel. i as best ! of. 1835 lter. ~ur- }nce ven- aph lsh- ~ra- the aph and 872 lea~ tted the ton 1111" hat nd- "to ~he are 000 ing I1- ~ler rill PASSING OF QUEEN VICTORIA-- ENGLAND PLUNGED IN GRIEF London, Jan. 21. 8:25 a. m.--A spe- cial train left Osborne at 8 o'clock this morning with Emperor William, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of York and the Duke of Connaught aboard. Jan. 21, 7:50 a. m.--The queen is still alive, but all hopes are gone. London, Jan. 21.--In the closing mo- ments of Queen Victorla's life another grave portent arises, namely, the se- rious indisposition of the Prince of Wales. So worrieFl, tired and exhaust- ed was he last evening that he could not respond immediately to the sum- mons from Osborne House. The most he could do was to promise that" he would leave London at 8 o'clock this .morning if possible. It is worthy of note that, even to-day, the London pa. pers do not mention, by even the most veiled alluslon, that the queen has had a paralytic stroke. Previous press bulletins since the queen's illness assumed a serious as- pect are as follows Osborne. Isle of Wight, Jan. 19.- The queen is suffering from great physical prostration, accompanied by symptoms which cause anixety. Osborne, Isle of Wight, Jan. 19, 6 p. m.--The queen's strength has been fairly maintained throughout the day, and there are indications of a slight improvement in the symptoms this evening. Emperor William and the Duke of Connaught, with their suites, left Ber- lin by special train for England at 6 o'clock this evening by way of Flush- Ing. Cowes. Isle of Wight, Jan. 19.--Mid- night--The queen of England lies at death's door. She was stricken With paralysis to-night. Renter's Telegraph Company understands that the Prince of Wales has received authority to act in her majesty's stead, and thus has been ereated a practical, though not Constitutional regency. London, Jan. 20, 12:30 a. m.--It is announced that, though there is some ~llght Improvement, her majesty's,con- dltion is most grave. The Princess of Wales has arrived at Osborne. Cowes. Isle of Wight, ~an. 20, 2:10 a.m.--The queen's condition is un- changed. The Prince of Wales will go to Lon- don this morning, where, with the Duke of York, he will meet Emperor WilUam. Whether the emperor will Proceed to Osborne depends upon the result of thls intervlew. London, Jan. 20, 8:50 a. m.~A dis- patch to the Press assoelation from Cowes understands on good authority that the queen's condltlon is critical. Osborne House. Isle of Wight, Jan. 20, 4:30 p. m.~The following official announcement has Just been made: "Her majesty's strength has been ~alrly maintained throughout the day. Although no fresh developments have now taken place, the symptoms con- tinue to cause anxiety. (Signed) "JAMES REID. "It. DOUGLAS POWELL." Jan. 20, 7.'30 p. m.--No further bulls. tin regarding the queen's health " has been issued up to this hour, but there is grave reason to believe that her majesty's condition is critical. Jan. 20, 11 p. m.--The Associated Press learns that a very serious change has occurred in the condition of Queen Victoria. The worst is feared before morning. Jan. 21, 12:46 a. m.--The queen Is reported to be sinking fast. The rec- tor of Whippingham was summoned at midnight, and he has just arrived in one of the queen's' carriages. Jan. 21, 12:15 a. m.--The official bul- letin issued at midnight says that the queen's condition late last evening be- came more serious, with Increasing Weakness and diminished power of taking nourishment. Jan. 21, 2 a. m.--The queen is i~ a comatose condition and is regarded as Passing awe y. Jan. 21, 2 a. m.--Her majesty's phy- alciaus hope that she may rally by 5 o'clock this (Monday) morning. If~she does It is expected that she will live through the day. If she does not, all hope will be abandoned. Immediately on the occurrence of the queen's col- lapse, at about 1O o'clock last evening, a message was sent to London sum- moning t,he Prince of Wales and Em- peror William. "* The Prince of Wales was in such a condition of health that it was utterly Impossible for him to leave London at that hour, but It is hoped that he will start for Osborne House at 8 o'clock this morning. ' Jan. 21, 3 a. m.--The worst Is ex- Pected at any n~oment, and the mem- bers of the royal family are now as- sembled in the queen's bedchamber. Jan. 21, 3:45 a. m.--The queen stir lives, and there is no change in hey Condition. Jan. 21, 3:45 a. m.--Everybody is up in Osborne House. and terrible anxiety pervades all quarters. If the queen Hves until Tuesday she will sur~prise her doctors, who have been fearing that she will not be able to survive beyond 5 o'clock this morning. The latest bulletin, with Its fateful news, was issued too late to become common knowledge hereabouts. The exclusive information of the Asso- cared Press, obtained an hour earlier, is still less a matter of public knowl- , edge. Jan 21, 4 a. m.--No official bulletin has been issued since midnight. Doubts are expressed as to whether the Prince of Wales and Emperor Wll~ liam will arrive here before the end. London, Jan. 21, 3 a. m.--The city has abandoned all hope of the queen's recovery. The grave midnight mes- Sage from Osborne destroyed the last vestige of confidence that the skill of her majesty's physicians would pre- vail All the morning papers view the situation despairingly, admitting that the end of the happiest and most gl~- rious reign England has ever knowu is at hand. Waking London was grief-stricken beyond the power of words. It is ex- Pected that late dispatches from Os- Prince of Wales and the Duke of York have gone to Marlborough house. It is believed that they would have gone earlier has not the queen been unconscious and therefore unable to recognize them. GREAT LENGTH OF VICTORIA'S REIGN London, 3an. 19.--Queen Victoria has reigned longer than any other woman occupant of a throne. She has reigned for a greater number of years than any other European sov- ereign, if the regency in th9 reign of Louis XIV. is excepted. Her reign has lasted sixty-four years and seven months, exceeding by four years, three months~ and twenty-six days the reign of George III., which was the longest In England before she came to the throne. She was empress of India for twen- ty-five years, having received the title by proclamation on April 28, 1876. She has outlived all members of the House of Lords who were peers of tile realm at the time of her accession. except Earl Nelson, and all the peers who were then or had been members of the House of Commons .... She has survived all the members of her original privy council and of her first House of Commons, Mr. Gladstone being one of the oldest former mem- bers of the latter. She has seen every Episcopal see va- cated and refilled at least twice during her reign. She saw her Judicial bench recruited twice, at least, from end to end. She was a widow for forty years. She saw five Archbishops of Canter- bury and six of York, and five Bishops of London. She saw eleven lord chancellors, ten prime ministers and six speakers of the House of Commons. Swept Over Nlagar~ lean~. Niagara Falls, N. Y.. Jan. 21.--John Wiser and John Marsh of this city at- tempted to cross Niagara river above the falls yesterday. They lost control of Vheir boat and were carried into the rapids. Wiser, who was unable to swlm, was swe,pt over the falls and drowned. Marsh. after a desperate struggle in the icy water, was rescued by persons along the shore. The men were nearly ~alf way across the river when their boat was caught in a field of ice. As the beat passed the power house both men got out onto the floatin~ ice. The two men, "with terror written on their faces, floated down the river side by side. Marsh was 200 feet from the shore and Wiser was at least twenty feet further away. At Willow island several men form- ed a line and with the aid of a long pole succeeded in getting near enough to Marsh to rescue him. Wiser dung to the ice until he was tossed off lute the tumbling waters and' drifted over the brink. Generml Merrlam on Haa*lnfro Denver, Jan. 21.--Gen. Merrtam said last night that he had no doubt that the action of the West Point Cadets In promising to abolish hazing would be effective. "The presidents of each of the four classes signed the agreement," said General Merriam, "and this places the boys on their honor. I believe that the agreement will be lived up to to the letter. It will prove beneficial t~ the cadets, beyond a doubt. It will remove all of the objectionable features of haZ- ing in the military academy and the "pleb,' or fourth class man, correspond- ing with a freshman in the colleges, will be safe from ill treatment. I was surprised at the action of the boys, for at frst they were fighting the abolish- ment of hazing, and even defying Con- gress. To abolish hazing Is certainly a good move." Coal Strike Investt~tUon. Denver, Jan. 21.--The legislative committee appointed to inquire into the causes of the coal strike finished tts .hearing of the complaints of the min- ers of the Northern Coal and Coke Co~apany, and returned from Louis- vtlle. Colorado, to Denver. At 1:30 o'clock this afternoon it will start on a tour of the southern fields, visiting Florence first. The men will be heard first, and later the operator~ The report of the committee is ex- pected to be an interesting document, as the investigation covers ~. wide scope, and goes into detaiis~ Cu~ HJaq ~ ,LuKht Cold. Santiago de Cuba, Jan. 20.--This sec- tion of the island is now suffering from the. severest cold knvwn here for years. Much distress has been caused among the natives, who are entirely without protection from the rigors of the cli- mate. A temperature of sixty degrees is quite unprecedented. Many children are without suitable clothing and are very badly off. A telephonlo, message from the Ouay- areas mine, forty miles west of Santi, ago, reports snow on the summit of Mr. Torquin, at an altitude of 8,000 feet TeleKraphlc reports from the north coast say that. a severe norther is rag. ing and that shipping is delayed. An Afrlkan~ler Emlm~y, A committee of Afrikander delegates is on ~he way to London as loyal su~ Jects of Cape Colony, a self-governing part of the British empire, with the purpose of representing to the imperial authoritle~ certain conditious which they assert to be in effect in South Af- rica. They are to protest against the annexation of the overpowered Boer republics in the name of Justice and for the welfare of all South Africa. But it is not alone for the Boers that they. are to speak. They are coming to pro- test against conditions in Cape Oolon~ it~e|f and grievances of the British sub- Jects of the colony. "They wii! allege," says the reports from London, ' that the borne would cause the Prince of Wales Cape Dutch are denied every liberty and the German emperor to depart all guaranteed them under the British nee for the Isle of Wight, but they ] crown. They will affirm that the press are.still here., . [ ham been muzzled and political autono- xne ~amer occupms the royal apart-[my made extinct and that pemonal meniz at Buckingham palace. The ] ?.~edom no longer exists" t~UEEN VICTORIA LINGER- ING BUT NEAR DEATH London, Jan. 22, 8:35 '~. m.--An offi- cial bniletin issued at Osborne house at 8 o'clock says: "The Queen this morning shows signs of diminishing strength, and her nl;lj- esty's condition again assumes a more serious aspect." Gowes, Jan. 22, 5 a. m.--The Queen is expected to live until Thursday morn- ing, unless unexpected complications occur. @owes. Jan. 22, 1 a. m.--The most no- ticeable feature of yeste, rday was the satisfactory portion the Queen ~en~ in consciousness, which she regained early tn the afternoon and still retained at 10 p.m. At that hour she had not seen Emperor William. Royalty at Osborne thus had a chance to recuperate from the ~errible ordeal undergone during the early hours of Monday. The mem- bers of the royal family were called tO a room adjoining the Queen's bedcham- ber no less than four thnes yesterday morning, and were kept in momentary expectation of being summoned to wit- ness the end up to 5:30. Her majesty's physicians then had only a vestige of hope that they would be able to keep the Queen's feeble life in existence un. fil the Prince of Wales arrived. To secure this result they resorted to the frequent use of brandy and cham- pagne. These stimulants, used to an extent which only the greatest emer- gency Ju~t-lfled worked their process, and whefi the Prince oP Wales and Emperor William entered the castle grounds at 11:30 a. m., they found the Queen a trifle better than they had ex- pected. The Queen's rally astonished no one more than bet physicians, and w~en at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon they heard her asking for chicken broth. their amazement almost equaled their delight. Privately, however, they build no false h~pes upon these fading signs of what has been one of the strongest constHutious with which a woman, was ever endowed. Degpite the favorable afternoon, the doctors dreaded greatly the period between 6 o'clock and midnight. When that passed they seemed hopeful of her majesty, at least through another day, though their memory of the previous night's relapse kept their anxiety at high tension. London, Jan. 22, 3 a. m.--A special train is held in readiness to convey the members of the cabinet to Osborne at a moment's notice. Thus far it has n~t been required. Up to 3 a. m. no fur~er bulletin's had been received in London since the one issued at midnight. London, Jan. 22.--A special dispatch from Oowes this evening says Emperor William was admitted to the queen's presence at about 5 o'clock. She spoke a few words to him, and after two or three minu~s he withdrew. The queen took a little nourishment and fell asleep in the arms of the Princess of Wales. Berlin, Jan. 22.--The Nord Deutsche Allgemeine Zeltung makes the follow. ing announcement: "Dowager Empress Frederick, be- cause seriously ill, is, to her very great sorrow, prevented from going to Os- borne to meet her exalted mother. "The effect of the sad news regard- ing Queen Victoria upon her eldest daughter has been very unfavorable. l~lnce and Prlncess Henry of Prussia, Prince and Princess Frederick Oharles and the hereditary "princes of Saxe- Meiningen, who arrived at Crenberg yesterday will remain with Empress Frederick for ~ time." London, Jan. 22.--The following statement as to the condition of Dow- ager Empress Frederick appears In the Daily Chronicle: "It is with sincere regret that we announce that the Empress Freder- lek's condition has become materially worse. There has been a serious de- velopment of the disease from which she is suffering and her physical pain is intense. "All idea of any Journey in pursuit of health has been defiultely, aban- doned, and it is in the highest degree improbable that she will ever leave Cronberg." Land not under ditch that l~ not ca- pable of receiving water from an irri- gating canal, ranges in pries from 50 cents to $5 an acre, according to its re- moteness from or proximity to city, town or railroad. Similar land with Jr. rlgation rights and water ranges in price from $20 ~o $100 per acre. If in comparatively close proximity to Den- ver and suitable for market gardening, etc., it fetches still higher prlces. Al- falfa will pay .a fine dividend on the basis of $50 an acre. The popular opiniOn regarding apples Is that full crops and failures alter- nate with considerable regularity. This is not always the case In Colorado, for while orchards seldom bear ~wo heavy crops in succession, .they usually bear several paying c~ops hand-running. We have known the older growers to have eight full crops of apples in ten years. There is one man beginning with 1881 who had eleven paying crops in sue- cession and would have secured a greater number had hts orchard been planted earlier dud had not a bad spring frost appeared to nip things and break the continuity. One theory of continual bearing success no dvubt rests with our irrigation advantage by being able to supply needed moisture when the frui~ buds are forming for the next year's crop. Here in the far West wehave tomato the satisfactory conclusion among our- selves at least that alfalfa hay is essen- tial to the cheap production of milk and butmr. Good alfalfa hay contains over eighty-slx per ,~enr_ as much pro. tein as bran. The am-unt of p~tein in alfalfa verier from ten per cent. when poorly em'ed and roughly han- dled to sixteen per cent. where the best care is taken. Average bran contains lessthan thirteen per cent. of digestible ,protein. With good handling therefore alfalfa hay can be cured which is worth more than its weight in hran. In Colorado our tests show that the leaves of alfalfa hay contain over four- teen per cent. digestible protein, so that a ton of them has the feeding value- of 2,400 pounds of wheat bran. As everybody knows the best feeding val- ue is in the leaves and this shows the necessity of great care in handling the ha~. TO BE APPOINTED BY TIlE GOVERNOR Denver. Colo., Jan, 19.--A D~nver dally, evidently having no regard for the peace of miml of Govel nor Orman. prints the following list of official posi- tions "coming directly or indirectly un. der the appointive power of the gov- ernor: A Judgeship of the Court of Appeals at $5,000 a year is one of the best plums to be bestowed. Unless the ~Mslon Legislatmre sur. prises itself Denver will remain under the rule of boards appointed by the governor, who will have these places to hand out: President of the Board of Public Works, $4,000; two other members, each $3,000. This board will have hundreds of places to give out, the best of which will be: Secretary, $1,800; highway commissioner, $2,500; engineer, $4,000. Fire and Police Board, president, $3,000; two other members, each $2,500. The Fire and Police Board has many plums of its own ~o give out, the gov- ernor has a police magistrate at $2,500 to select and a maglstrate's clerk at $1,- 600. private secretary for the governor at $1,500 a year, a clerk at $1,200 and a messeager a~ $900 have already been chosen. The fees of an. nil inspector amount to $10,000 a year. This place is still to be bestowed. There are sixty-seven wa- ter commissioners at $5 a day to be chosen. The warden of the reforma- tory will draw $2,500 and has many good places, at his disposal. The peni- tentiary warden draws $2,500 ~d this place, too, is o be filled. The three penitentiary commissioners draw $400 each and mileage. The deputy warden geW $1,800 and the penitentiary chap- lain $1.000. The State Land Board, of which the governor is a member, will fill these places on Monday: Register, $2,000; deputy, $1,500; appraiser, $1,500; chief clerk ,$1,200; stenographer, $900. Other places to be handed out by the governor, either personally or as the head of state l)oards are: Agriculture board, two members, $4 a day and expenses. Arbitration board, two members, each $500; secretary, $1,200. Game warden, $1,200; expenses, $500; three deputies, each $900; expenses for three, $900. Superintendent of fish hatcheries $1,- 000; three deputies, each $900; ex- penses for three, $200. Game and fish commissioner, $1,800; clerk, $1,000. State Board of Health: Secretary, $1,250; three members, no salary. Horseshoeing examiners, five mem- bers, no salary. Insane Asylum Board, one member, $600 and expenses. Six irrigation superintendou~s, $5 a day and mileage. Two Normal school trustees, at $4 a day and mileage. State Board of Pharmacy, three mem- bers, pald by the day. SUrgeon general, no salary. Veterinary surgeon, $1,500; expenses, $~J0. Adjutant general, $1,800; assistant, $1,200; clerk, $1,000; inspector general, $500. ~ State Board of Charities and Gorrec- ion, two members, no salary; secre- tary, $1,500; stenographer, $900. State engineer, $3,000; deputy, $1,- 800. Equalization Board. secretary, $1,500. State geologist, no salary. Horticultural Board, two members, no salary; secretary, $1,000. Boys' Industrial #School Board, one member, $300; superintendent, $1,500. Board of Cattle Inspection, nine members, no salary; ten inspectors, each $1~200; one secretory, $1,200. School of Mines, two members, no salary. Medical examiners, three membem, no salary. State Board of Pardons, two mem- bers, no salary. Deaf and blind commissioners, two members, $150 each and mileage. Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, two commissioners, expenses. Five dental examiners, expenses. There is a movement to consolidate such offices as those of coal mine in- specter and boiler inspector. If they remain aa at present the salaries wlll be: Boiler inspector, $2,500; assistant in- spector,*$1,500; expenses, $500, Coal mine inspector, $2,000; deputy, $1,400; clerk, $900. The dairy commissioner's depart- ment may be consolidated with that of the Board of Health, otherwise the ,'salaries will be: Dairy commissioner, $1,200; deputy, $i,000; .expenses, $500. Then. there are these places under the State Board of Capitol Managers: Secretary, $2,000; bookkeeper, $900; engineer, $1,200; assistant engineer, $1,000; electrlclan, $1,000; head Janl- tor, $900; and a large force Of work- men. THE INVESTIGATION AT WEST POINT West Point, N. Y., Jan. 19.--The con- gresslonal committee will probably fin- ish the investigation at the military academy ~o-morrow. Cadet A. J. Lynch of New York was thoroughly examined to-day by the committeemen, as he is looked upon a~ the authority on fighting at the acade- my. When General Dick began to question him he became argumentative and shook his finger at the chairman several times When parrying some Of the generars mild reproofs. At times he leaned across the table which separated him from the chalr- man's table while he spoke in an Inso- lent manndr to the general, He upheld the West Point fighting code, and de- "elated that he would fight any man of his size and weight, and said that any man who would not do likewise was not fit to Join the army. For the first time during the investi- gation it was shown to-day that there are C~adets In the first cias~ who, from the time they came here as "plebes" have been opposed to hazing and fight. lag. Cadet Francis W. Clarke of Illi- nois testified to this, and said that these practices should be abolished. He was complimented by Mr. Driggs, who maid that Clarke was a e~dlt to the acade- my, WHAT IS BEING DONE AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL Benjamin Klmberly has bee~. named for reappolntment as receiver of the land office at Denver. Senator Vest gave notice of an amendment he will propose to the ship subsidy bill applying the provisions of the anti-trust law to ship building un- der the bill. The House committee on public lands decided against reconsidering the fa- vorable action they had previously taken to include salt mines under placer mining laws. Col. O. F. Hilder, chief clerk of the bureau of ethnology of the Smlthson- Inn institute, died on the 21st inst., aged seventy. He was well known as a magazine writer and lecturer. The New York Herald's poll of the House shows that the ship subsidy bill as It stands will be beaten by forty-eight votes, but will have eigh- teen majority for an amended bill. Congressman :Neville of Nebraska has suffered a relapse in his condition, re- sulting fbom a recurrence of hemor- rhages. They have weakened him con- siderably, but there are hopes for his re. covery. A determined effort was made in the Senate to amend the army reGrganlza- tion bill so as to provide against thd sale of liquor in the Philippines and to prohibit the importation of any kind of intoxicants into the islands, but it was defeated. The Senate has passed the army re- organization bill. The measure having originated in the Senate, the final question was not upon its passage, but upon agreeing to the House amend- meats. They were agreed to by a vote of 43 to 23. Secretary Gage has submitted to Congress an estimate of expenses for collecting customs for the coming fis- cal year. For Denver he estimates the following: Surveyor, $5,000; two depu- ties. $2,877; inspector, $900; stenograph- er, $300. Total. $9,077. The House passed Representative Shafroth's bill providing for payment of $3,100 to A. C. Cass, vice president of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Com- pany, to reimburse him for a draft sent him from the Treasury Department and lost in transmission. The twenty-five persons, lace oper- ators and their families, brought from England by Dr. Dowie and who had been refused a landing at Portland. Maine, on the ground that they were contract laborers, have been ,permitted by the Treasury Department to land. The President has so far recovered as to take Mrs. McKinley out for a drive to-day behind his new horses. He was able to drive them himself, and after a spin of an hour or so in the frosty air he pronounced himself satisfied with the team and on a quick road to recovery. Richard Sylvester, chief of police of Washington, has invited the most prominent detectives of the country to attend the inaugural ceremonies in the capital city. The policemen will be on hand to receive the crooks, whose movements until that time will be watched by members of the national bureau of Identification. The House naval affairs committee completed consideration of the naval appropriation bill and Chairman Foss was directed to report it. No authoriz- ation of additional vessels of the Hol- land submarine class will be recom- mended. The bill carries $77,000,000, an increase of $13,000,000 bver that for the present year. Two battleships and two cruisers are to be contracted for. Efforts have been made by the pro- ducers of vaccine to have the agricul- tura~ committees of Congress omit from the forthcoming agricultural al~ preprlatlon bill further provision for vaccine made and distributed by the government on the ground that the gov- ernment distribution is no longer neces. sary and is an interference with pri- vate enterprise. A bill to regulate filings under the mining laws of the United States has been introduced by Senator Stewart of Nevada. It is proposed by the bill to restrict one person to one placer loca- tion in each mining district and m one quartz location on each vein. The bill also provides tibet annual assessment work shall be performed prior to De- cember 31st of each year. The naval appropriations bill was reported to theHouse with an elabor- ate statement of Its provisions; by Chairman Foss, of the naval commit- tee. The bill carries $77,016,635, the largest ever reported to the House from the committee on naval affairs." This is $11,865,718 above the bill of last year, and $10,229,395 below the estimates submitted by the Navy De- partment. Owing to the President's condition from the effects of the grip, it lS now probable that, acting upon the advice of Dr. Dlxey, the official receptions an- nounced for the winter, as wen as the Cabinet dinners, will be canceled. On~ or two of the official dinners may be given later in the sea.a, but it is be- lieved it would be imprudent for the President to undergo the fatigue of a long reception for ~ome cqnslderable time: A bill to prevld'e a home for aged and infirm colored people was passed tn the House, It provides that the money for the construction and main- tenance of the home shall consist of the fund now in the treasury due the estates of deceased colored sol4tets, ~hich amounts to $'230.000. The home is to be erected In the District of Co- lumbia on ground now In the possess- ion of a colored association organized for that purpose. An effort of Mr. Mondell of Wyoming to attach, an amendment to the river and harbor bill to appropriate $50,000 for constructing reservoirs in Wyom- ing for the purpose of holding back the flood,waters of the Missouri river failed in the House. The amendment also carried an authorization for $165,. 000 to complete the reservoirs and was to be th~ entering wedge of the advo- cates of the Irrigation of the arid lands in the West. that it is difficult to enforce the present laws. and that the poorer classes conse- quently suffer in having oleomargarine substituted and forced upon them for butter. He believes that the eastest way to protect them would be to tax colored oleomargarine and thus compel Its sale uncolored. In the debate on the army reorgani- zatlon bill West Point hazing was fu- riously denounced by a number of sen- ators. Mr. Allen, Mr. Money of Mis- sissippi, and Mr. McCumber deeiared' it to be an evidence of brutality and cowardice, the MissiSsippi senator maintaining that a cadet whom others attempted to haze would tm justified in killing his assailants. He declared that If he were a cadet upon whom such cowardly brutality were attempt- ed he would kill those who assaulted him, If he had to walt a hundred years for the opportunity. A most remarkable collection of rare economic plants and seeds is now be- ing worked up by the Department of Agriculture. Barbour Lathrop of Chicago, with David G. Fairchild as assistant, recently completed a tour of the world, covering a period of two years and embracing travels which amounted to explorations, and Mr. La- throp has given the results of the ex- pedition, undertaken at his o~rn ex- pense, to the farmers of the United States. through the medium of the section of seed and plant introduction of the Department of Agriculture. The House spent an entire day on the bill to refer to the Court of Claims the claims of the William Cramp & Sons' Ship Building Company of Philadel- phia, for alleged damages due to the delay of the government in furnishing armor plates and material for the bat- tleships Massachusetts and Indiana and the crnisers New York and Colum- bia. The claims aggregate $1.367.244. The previous questlon was ordered o~ the bill and the House adjourned. The ordering of the previous question gives the bill a tactical advantage which practically insures a vote on it when called up again. Not satisfied with securing a repeal of that section of the war revenue act which imposes a tax on legacie4s to be- nevolent and educational institutions, several of the colleges of the co~mtry have banded together in an effort to recover what has already been paid into the national treasury under that law. It is claimed that the amount of the tax already collected is $2,000.- 000, but it is probably not more than $350,000. The entire inheritance tax thus far, since the warm,revenue bill was passed, has not exceeded $10.000,- 000, including the Vanderbilt, Hunt- ington, Smith an4 other big estates. Secretary of the Interior Hitchcock made a statement to the House com- mittee on public lands on" the subject of irrigation, in which he strongly sup- ports the pellcy of irrigation and says that a vast acreage, capable of sup- porting a population of 50,000,000 peo- ple, 'should not be left a desert. Mr. Hltchcock points out the remarkable results experienced in the valley of the Nile, practically ~deeming Egypt from bankruptcy. Professor Newell of the Geological Survey, Professor Pin- chott of the Agricultural Department, and Representative Newlands of Ne- vada, who started the movement by a bill for irrigation reservoirs along the Humboldt river in Nevada, also strong- ly supported the plan. The Republicans of the Senate Jn caucus have" decided not to crowd through the Nicaragua canal bill until Great Britain has had fair opportunity to study the amendments o the Hay- Pauncefote treaty and decide what to do abont them. There was no dl~o- sition to abandon canal legislation for the session, but to move forward and In order. So long as the attitude of the British government Is undefined and so long as It has the treaty under con- sideratlon, it would be an offensive act for the United States to take any fur- ther steps 9r agitate the question. Nev- ertheless, at the caucus there was ex- pressed a determination not to let the session close without passing the pend- ing bill, and it was suggested Chat the ~eeretary of state might intimate to England that only forty days remaln. The War DepaRtment has received no information from Manila that will throw light upon the Associated Pres~ dispatches during~ the last few days concerning a discussion before the' commission on the subject of teaching religion in the schools. It would ap- pear from these publications that the commission has decided to allow the l friars to continue to do as they did during Spanish domination and that the liberal FiUpinos are earnestly pro. testing. The War Department does. not care to comment on the news dl~ patches, but d~es not hesitate to say that the instrulctions of the commis- sion did not contemplate such sn ar- rangement. It .is the policy of the President to divorce the church from the civil government abeotute~ and place it on tha same basis as In the United States, A]ls~kl b ]iSee~ NqJ.ee~d. Alaska, says: "Last summer 125,000 ~ons of freight landed at Nome, and the amount would have bees much larger 1 shippers could have found ve~els to carry it for them, This commerce will increase rapidty year by year, yet there Isn't a single lighthouse on the most danger-~ ous coast in the world. There isn't a lighthouse in all Alaska except one lit- tle 'bug' light at Sitka, "Congress has not treated Alaska 4"ight. The people up there have bess members of the Union long enough to have everything settled and laws en- acted for their government. But now they have none. Nobody can buy land In Alaska. Nobody can erect a home there.. Nobody can take u,p a frame- stead. The land laws of the United States are not extended to the territory. Congress evidently thinks ~the ~and isn'~ w~rth taking up and pa~ys no at~ ~ention to ,that subject. People go in there and squat on the land and do tke Secretary of Agriculture Wilson was best they can, and govern themselve~ .before the Senate comznlttee on agri- with great pattence and forbearance, 1culture in support of the passage of | and then wait for the government te the Grout bill. He takes the ground ~ catch up with them."