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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
January 24, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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January 24, 1901

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II I II II I I I Trouble betwee~n the United States and the little Central American state of Venezuela is possible as the result of a quarrel betwveu rival asphalt com- panies, who have conflicting claims to the great Bermudez asphalt lake lo- cated on the shores of the Orinoco riv- er. Both of the asphalt concerns are United States corlmrationsj one of them ,being the National Asp..~/t company, commonly known as the asphalt trust. It is even charged that the trust has had a hand In encouraging the rebel- lion in Venezuela which is now in progress. The leader of the rebellion is" Celestino Peraza, who until recently was the secretary of the present pres- ident of the republic, General Castro. General Castro himself came into power Ss the result of a successful rebellion which resulted in the over- throw of the government headed by President And rade. Since Castro took control of the government in the latter part of 1899 he has successfully sup- pressed at least two rebellions, so that he knows what he has to deal with. Leader of the ~rouble. Celestino ~eraze, the leader of the present rebellion, began his outbreak in the country along the Orinoco river in the last days of December. 1900. A force of 2,500 men was immediately sent against him by President Castro, and several small e ri- g a gements have taken place be- tween the rival forces, Now it ap- pears t h e re,bole are running low on powder a n d muni- tions of war in gen- eral. As a Glimpse of an Asphalt Lake. result they are said to be about to seize the arms and other property belonging to the New York and Bermudez Asphalt company at the Bermudez pitch lake, while the regu- lar government, under President Castro. has seized a couple of steamers belonging to a steamboat company owned in the United States. In order to protect the property of citizens of this country from being confiscated in this way the United States warship Scorpion has been ordered to leave the harbor of La Guayra and run up the Orinoco river, and it is reported that the government at Washington stands ready to send the north Atlantic squadron with a force of marines down from Pensacola, Fla.. to Venezuela if the situation does not improve. TJenezuela'z Chic3c Seaport. La Guayra is the chief seaport of Venezuela andthe gateway to Caracas, the capital of the republic. At ~a Guayra the mountains overhang the water, rising to a height of 8,000 feet. They. are visible at sea seventy miles away. Caracas is distant only ten miles, but it is reached by one of the most tortuous pieces of railroad build- ing in the world. The Journey by rail from the seaport to the capital covers a distance of seventy miles. The cli- mate of Caracas is mild and pleasant, which explains why la~g~ cities of tropical Amertca are usually situated some distance from the coast. Caracas is 3,000 feet above the sea level, and the temperature averages 71 degrees above zero all the year round. r-oo~,r Lil(e Absurd ~Pro~pec~t. Some idea of the absurdity of a. seri- ous war between the United States and A VII~W OF TH~ HARBOR OF LA GUAYRA. Venezuela may 'be gathered from the statement that the Central American country, which has an area five times WE t")')'O M~,KE A ~TORLD. We two make home of any place we go; Wa two find Joy In any kind of weather; Dr If the earth is clothed in bloom or SIIOW. tf summer days invite, or bleak winds blow, "What matters it if we two are to- gether? We two, we two, we make our world, our weather. W'e two make banquets of the plainest fare; In every cup we find the thrill of our pleasure. We hide with wreaths the furrowed brow of care And win to smiles the set lips of de- spair. For us life always moves with lifting measure; We two, we two, we make our world, our pleasure. Wo two find youth renewed with every dawn; Each day holds something of an un- known glory, as large as that of the state of Michl- We waste no though~ on grief or plea~- gas, has a total population of only ure gone; 2-n^ ^^~ _ ..... 1._. ,~__ .~.__ .~.~. ^~ tricked out ltke hope time leads us on ,~U OUU /~UI,LI~WJ,~I,P,, 1~ I.JJL4:tZJ. ta.,la~ vJ. , ' ' n alia on. Michigan of which nur~ber nearly o e- t And thrum n s ha V new sons , s U on hi r ....... fourth are uncivilized Indians. The[ or story. - regular army of Venezuela consists ofI We t~r~,' wo two. we find the paths of 3,600 men, with a militia which in time I " " of civil war has put as many as 60,000 ~ We ,two make heaven here on this little men into the field. So far as a navy is I w:arth: ....... r - ] ao not need to wait for realms eter- concerneu, venezuela has only tn co. nal small ,steamers and two sailing ves- sels, with three or four small river gunboats. Furthermore. it has been only four years since the United States intervened on behalf of Venezuela in its dispute over the question of boun- dary with Great Britain and secured the appointment of an arbitration com- mission, by the decision of which sev- eral hundred square miles of valuable territory, including some rich gold mines and the country to the south of the mouth of the Orinoco river, were saved to the smaller state. I~he ~one Of Confenflon. The asphalt lake. for the possession of which the rival American companies are fighting, lies ,between a range of mountains and the shore of one of the outlets of.the northern delta of the Orinoco river, near the bay of Parta. The lake is a mile and a half in length by a mile in width and comprises more than 1.000 acres of swampy land. Most of the surface of the so,called lake is covered with a rank growth of grasses and shrubs rising to a height of eight or ten feet and interspersed with tall palm trees. The pitch or asphaltum does, not lie in an unbroken surface, as on the Trinidad lakes, but bubbles up, as if from springs. The pitch, how- ever, underlies most of the surface in- cluded In the lake and has a depth varying from two to ten feet. ~In the center of the lake is a patch of about seven acres which is free from vegeta- tion and in Which the pitch is so soft that it cannot be walked on. The whole surface of the lake is so low that dur- ing the spring floods it is entirely cov- ered by water. The pitch is dug out of the lake by native labor and carted to a convenient place near a seaport, where it is refined. The raw asphalt is put into huge kettles and slowly heated from above until the whole mass is brought to a liquid condition. The process of heating drives off the water and gas with which the raw A VENEZUELAN MAN-OF-WAR. pitch is filled, while the heavy impuri- ties sink to the bottom of the kettle. The pure asphaltum can then be poured off. m Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Fitzgerald of Danville, Va., have deeded their place on the north bank of the Dan river, worth $20,000,to the Danville Orphan- age as a permanent home. The late Chief Justice Falrcloth of North Carolina bequeathed $20,000 to the Baptist Fqmale University of Ra- leigh. Asphalt has been known from pro- ] while the crude asphalt wa~ ben3 historic times. Some forms of it were] hauled from the deposits where it w~ used as building material in ancient dug. Pieces 'of the asphalt dr(>p~ d 'Babylon, and others were used in the from the carts and were gradualS.. preparation of mummies. During the ].ground into the roadbed by the feet el middle ages tt dropped almost from ]. the men and horses. It was not~ce~ eight. In 1712 a Swiss physician dis- that such roads soon presented a hard covered large beds of it in the Alp and reaistlag surface, and the idea of and s~ceeded Ln reviving the use of using asphalt on other roads was .de- it as building material, It is said that veloped. It was not largely used, how- the value of a~phalt for paving put- ever, until 1832, and Within the last 25 ~ w~s dlscovvered by accident years it has made Its greatest progres& We know the use of tears, know sorrow's worth. And pain for us:is always love's rebirth. Our paths lead closely by the paths supernal; We two, we two. we live in love eter- nal. The Mysterious Correspondent, BY F. B. EMBREE. (Copyright, 1900: Daily Story Pub. Co.) Dulcinea Weber was romantic. Per- haps Fate or her mother had intended her to be so when she was christened. At any rate it were as if the sturdy wommon sense of her patronymic was at war with the sentimental dreams she may have inherited from the love- lorn heroine, whose fate Mrs. Weber had been obliged to leave hanging in the balance while she attended to the debut of her small daughter into the world. Dulcinea had a lover. Two in fact, but only one of whose existence her fond parents knew. And in their es- timation this one was quite enough. For once, true love promised to run on well-oiled wheels if only Dulcinea would consent. 'lhere were times when Dulcinea was quite sure she loved John Dare, and she would rehearse in private how she would throw herself into his arms after a passionate declaration on his ')art. in which he had declared him- self ready to die for her, and sob out her long-repressed heart. After the scene Dulclnea would care- fully arrange her tumbled hair, shake her head at her cheeks, which the pillow, that was ob.liged to stand for John, always unduly heated, aria go down into the kitchen to prepare some dainty for Papa Weber's con- sumption. So com- mon sense had the last word. One day there Threw herself into appeared in the his arms. paper an adver- tisement which put ~n idea into Dulcinea's mind, upon '~htcb she acted promptly. The next day in the Personal column appeared me following: "A young lady, whose .ire stagnated in commonplace circum- stances desires a correspondent of ex- alted views. Object, soul-culture." There was but one answer, or, to put it in Dulcinea's words, "Out of all the world, my soul-mate heard the call. To others it was as if I had not spoken." Dulcinea held no more rehearsals with her pillow. Her soul, dissolved In ecstasy, became fluid at the point of her pen. At last she was under- stood. "I must tell you," she wrote to Lu- cian (both had concealed surname), "when my uncon- scious soul took its fateful leap into the unknown, I had a lover to whom, weary with an inane existence, I was about to yiel~ I shudder when I think of my miraculous es- cape! In that purs frien& o,~D which I know Tin1 hold for "My eoul-mate hear~ me, you will us- the call." derstand. The youth of whom 1 speak is the choice of my parents, who, dearly as I love them, I may con- fide to you, have not the soul-aspira- tions that make up your existence and mine. l~Ie is, like them, plebeian in ~name and soul. You, I know, believe 'as I, in Fate--the p.ower that christ- ened" us both with beautiful, soulful names, and called him, John. Oh! my dear soul-mate, I feel the inward drawing of my sensitive soul, and lay aside mY poor, feeble pen to commune in sol rude with you. The soul whose earthJ ~ name is "Duleinea." To waich came the reply: "MY Fated Soul-Mate:~At the hour you laid aside your pen, my fettered soul did break its bonds, and flew to thee, sweet soul! Yet did my body rebel eo that a great fever of lmpa- tienc~ has possessed me ever since. "Alas!" sweet as has been our soul- co~munlon, I fear my spirit is not as ethereal as thine, oh, my beloved~ Forgive me, sweet, I know our aou!s have often pledged platonic friend- ship, and that no word of" love, so much more earthly than soul-commun- ion,-shall pass between us; but did we not forget that we ar$ doOmed to live some three-score years and ten where fuN, boundin~ human life has conquered, or at least leads, the spirit? "I)~lave~!t, I tremble while I write. I [ II I ~__ I Fo.~ {he first time since our twin souls met and knew their afl2nity, I feel no responsive thrill as I write. Send your soul to mine this evening, or I will perish in st~spense. And to convince my still timid soul of bliss, consent to see ~e in bodily preseuce, where you will. Yours in body and soul, "Lucian." Dulcinea wept over a spiritual fall, but Miss Weber secretly rejoiced. Still Dulcinea prevailed in surrounding tl~e meeting with mys- tery and darkness. The hour was mid- night, and Goe- the's monument the t~ysting-place! Lucian had readi- ly agreed, only that Hannah should accompany her to "John," she gasped the spot, as a pro- faction against tkose whosespiritual perceptions were darkened: Dulcinea was in a transport of faith. "I am tempted," she wrote, "to put out my eyes, in order to show you my trust in the spiritual perception that first led our souls together. It was the lack of all with which our soul-communions have made me sen- sible, that led me to turn away from the prosaic lover of whom I told you." The fateful night had come. The moon swam dizzily through clouds that tried in vain to separate the corn- musings of earth and sky. "Just as," mused Dulcinea, "worldly circum- stance sought to keep Lucian's soul from mine." A step sounded near. "So often have I heard it by spirit-sense, it has acquired familiarity," she thought, dreamily. Then Miss Weber hastily told Han- nah to retire to the other side of the monument. Dulcinea faced her lover. "John!" she gasped--and the old despised tableau was enacted--with variations. Three months later the marriage li- cense clerk published the name~ of John Lucian Dare and Dulcinea Mary Weber, but the middle names of both contracting parties had been assumed independently of the bapU, smal rite. A CAT'S GRIEF. B|a Tom Cat Dying of Broken Heart for a I~abl)it. For love of a rabbit, "Tom," a big cat owned by R. H. Jones of 30 Archer street, is dying of a broken heart, says the Denver Republican. Mourning for his cc.apanion and playmate who died two weeks ago, the ,big cat is wasting into a sha,dow and refuses to be com- forted. The rabbit came into the yard one day nearly a year ago and got ac- quainted with the cat. The friendship sprung into an intimacy so close that the two animals became inseparable companions. They slept in the same bed and partook of their meals out of the same bowl. There was never over half a dozen yards separated them. They played together continually, and once when Mr. Jonqs brought home another rabbit they chased it out of the ~ard and a kitten received similar treatment. Neighbors of Mr. Jon~es frequently called to watch the two strange playmates, and often some one fond o~ animals came from a distant part of the city on the same errand. Several times Mr. Jones tried the ex-. perlment of separatiug the two com- panions, but every time each raised such a rumpus and moped to such an extent that they were soon brought to- ge~her. Their reuniting was the occa- sion of romping about the yard and various manifestations of friendship. Two weeks ago the rabbit died. It was buried out in the yard, and since then the cat has given unmistakable signs of bereavement. He has walked sor- rowfully around the yard. and for an hour at a time has laid down in the house. Then he would get up and walk all over the house and around the yard as if looking for his old playmate. As the days passed it was observed that the cat freque]atly left hts food un- touched. He has grown thin, and Mr. Jones declares that the cat is dying of a broken heart. Argentine Wants Japanese Farmers. A novel experiment in colonizing Is about to be made in the Argentine Re- public. It has been found that the French, German and English immi- grants for the most part have selected the cities and large centres of popula, tton for their residence. In these places they have got control of many industries and take a leading share in the commerce of the country. The Italians have been engaged heavily in river navigation, while the stream of Irish, which used to supply the de- mands for agricultural labor, filled up the ship yards and supplied the labor of the docks, flows no more. Some French, Swiss and German peasants have founded agricultural colonies, and in certain places the Russians and Poles form the bulk of the rural pop- ulation. But the Argentine govern- ment has decided that none of these nations supplies, in sufficient numbers, a rural population for the development of the country, and have decided to im- port Japanese farmers. A great con- cession has been given in the province of Formosa for the first colon~ and arrangements have been made to bring over 20,000 Japanese farmers and set- tle them there.--New York Press. Low Verdict for AffeetloeL If one may eazely Ju'age from a ver- dict Just returned by a Jury in VaN parolee, Ind., the citizens of that town put an unprecedentedly low estimate on the value oP a wife's affections. Dr. Claude. H. Thompson of Athens, 0., ~ed Mauries Lowensteine of Valpa, raise for winning away the love and regard of Mrs. ThompsOn. The doctor sued for $15,000, the verdict was for $10, and ovary woman in ValParaiso is furtoma I P II I , m II I I I IIIIII I I II I i 11) WOrld ReVOlVeS... Ill II I I ~qn Old ~lace of Wor~/>~, The history of American Methodism is the most marvelous fact in the re- ligious history of the nineteenth cen- tury. The first church of the century was erected at Marietta, 0., in 1801, built entirsly of Iogs and affording the very poorest kind of accommodation, but, nevertheless, faithfully attended by the Ohio pioneers, who traveled a-horse many miles to this crude little cabin, wherein they" worshiped while fellow members took turn about in FIR~r M. ~.. CHURCH rN 0I~O, guarding the entrance against attacYc. Tha old cabin is yet standing, although in a baxlly decaying condition. The Methodists are considering the propo- sition to erect a memorial church on the site. The matter will be officially brough~ before the next state confer- ence. 2)i~hone~rj/ i~ ~preadin~:~ Is kleptomania a new type of univer- sal pestilence? Sanitary science has sterilized incursions of cholera. The black death and related types of old- time plague have been denied admit- lance to the cleanly western world. But while the health of the human race is better than formerly all the around, is morality, especially as to the meum and tuum, is apparently getting worse. At a governor's installation at a state capital last week the city was infested with thugs and genteel thieves who tore'women's costly coats from their backs, snatched jewels from ears everything else in sight and invaded private homes as well as public par- lors in successful search of ~booty. Lar- ceny upon social occasions has become so common at even private~ receptions that, despite detectives in evening dress and police in t~niform.~h~tesses and guests alike dread a throng even under the most beguiling circum- stances. A wave of theft a~ppears to be over the world. Thou shalt not st~fl is a lost commandment. Yet the Jails are fuII of thieves and the courts show reawakened zeal in punishing offenses against property. .$'c~e #~# S#quoio~s. T]~ere are now two measures before Congress providinz for the preserva- tion of the sequoias iu California. One places a restrictive tax upon lumber manufactured from .the big trees, and the other is a pro~oslUon to Incorpo- rate ia the aundry civil bill an appro- priation for the ~ of the whole Calaveras grove f~om R. B. Whlteside, an easter~ speculator, into whoso hands it has come, ~ as to include it in the Yosemlte N~.ti~mal Park. In the meantime,, according to the San Francisco Chz~le,. Whiteslde has gone to Washington- to ~emand an ex- orbitant price far the grove, threaten- ing in case lt~ la n~t paid to set up. sawmlll~ a~ d~at~oy the trees. It is ot opinion that the fairest thing fo: Oongre~m to do is to proceed arbitrarily against the property, as was done in the case of tlm private forest claims located, withJa the boundaries of the Yosemite National Park, l~y declarivg the sequoia gre~v.es a public reserva- tion. This in any event would be fairer and less likely to establish a dangerous precedent than ta put a reo strietive tax upon the lumber. If White- side proposes to hold up congress by demanding a~ exorbitant price upon penalty of destroying the grove, con- gress would be justified in taking the course pointed out. t Alexander T. Brown of Syracuse, who placed h~s private launch at the disposal of the Syracuse university crew last year, has promised' to pro- and fingers, picked purses freely and sent a launch to the universi:tT navy. [ Pr nce.r . Want. a tl .eband. [ Like his brother, the l~rlnce of I had one unmarried daughter. Like all Wales, the late Duke of Saxe-Coburg three of her sisters, this Princess has Victoria in her name, after their grandmother, the queen of England. The rest of her name is Beatrice Leopoidine, and she is usua:Ily spo- ken of as Princess Beatrice of Saxe- Coburg. Hitherto Prindess Beatrice has been lost in the swarm of young grandchildren ano great grandchildren of the queen, but now she i~ to be heard from, for she will be 17 next April, and her im- perious mother, daughter of many czars, thinks it is time to arrange for the' young girl's marriage. Mother and daughter are now going over to England to see the queen af that coun- try and to afford her' majesty the lVee~ delight of making anotl~e~ match. They will remain in England PRINCESS BEATI~ICE. - several weeks. Firzt Girl ~Jrezz~n~er "" ~OY.'" Miss Dottle Hammond of Denver, a pretty young woman of 16, is one of the few messenger "boys" in the coun- try. She Is regularly employed to car- ry messag~ by the Western Union Telegraph company from its stock- yards office in that city. She is so prompt and speedy in the delivery and collection of telegrama that there is talk of replacing the usual messenger boys in Denver with girls of equal en- ergy and promptnesa While perform- iD4g her regular dutles,. Miss .Hammond has. learned to receive and~ send rues- ages, and she is soon to be promoted t@ a regular position as operator. She has served as a messenger for more than a year, and declarm that she can see no reason why ~Irls cannot do the work as well, if not better, than the boys usually eml~Ioyed. Far one thing, as Miss Hammond points out, the ~lr~ts do not-smoke eiprettes. ~)ep~rfm~t o_~ F~uc~eon." There is a commi~toner of educa- tion at the heart of one of the bureaus of the interior department. It is his duty to collect statistics and factS showing the condition and progress of education in the several states and territories, and to diffuse among the people information about school sys- tems and ~hethods of teaching, so as to promote the cause of education throughout the country. The commis- sioner is aided in his labors of diffu- Men by a chief clerk, a compiler, and a statixtician. Among them they collect data and get out yearly reports which may serve in a degree to promote the cause of education. Senator Hans- hrough has introduced a bill to expand the bureau into a department an~ the eo~mi~loner into a secretary. / To i~.eep ~ur$lar~ Out. Here is a little arrangement for use as a burglar alarm which is complete in itself and needs no batteries or wires to. ol~erate, it. It ~nslsts of a cir- cular base plate~ upon which is mount- ed a gong, an~ a spring-actuated es- capement and clockwork mechanism of any convenient form. From one edge of the base p~eet two sharp prongs, which rest on the floor, while on the opposite side there is a sliding spindle, also s~arpened to a point. To put the I BURGLAR ALARM DOOR LOCK. alarm in position the pair of prongs are driven into the floor a short dis- tance by a blow of the device itself. Then the tip of the spindle ~s placed against the bottom of the door, lnclin- lng the alarm at about the angle shown. As the spindle is controlled by a spring, a push on the door drives it in a short distance and releases the bel~ mechanism, at the'san~ time effectual- ly locking the ~Rl~r ~t41~:~t ftl~thel' movement,