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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
January 31, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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January 31, 1901

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v,c o ,A LEFT VAS o, o dured from any other of her ministers ~sovereign who ever had property leave. All her predecessor~ upon the throne bequeathed their successors nothing but debts, which parliament was called upon to pay. While the ~quesn permitted the nation thus to set- tle the liabilities of her uncles, King "George IV. and King William IV., she made a point immediately after her ,succession to pay off in full the very large debts contracted by her father, th~ duke of Kent. This, the portioning .of her daughters, as well as some of her granddaughters, who have in each Case received from her a dowry of |600,000 on marrying, and the settle- merit on one occasion of some very Pressing liabilities of the prince of Wales, may be said to have constituted the only very heavy expenses which the queen had been called upon to meet ;since she ascended the throqe in 1837. Had Larse . ~Prj, djz ~Par, re. From that time forth she was in re- ceipt of a civil list amounting to close Upon $3,000,000 a year. Of this the major portion was assigned to definite heads of royal expenditure. But $300,000 a year /w:as devoted to what is called the queen's privy purse and 'constituted her pocket money, of which no account was ever asked. Besides this she had at her disposal the net revenues of the duchy of Lancaster, ~Vhich have amounted on an average to :~300,000 a year more. From this it "Will b- seen f t,.~~ ~fter having all the EDWARD VII, NEW 'qxpenses of every conceivable charac- ter, down to her very charities ann Servants' wages, defraye~ out of the civil list, she had a sum of at least $600,000 each year to dispose of and Which she is known to have set aside. This in itself, when added up, repre- sents a minimum of $36,000.000, and. When it is remembered that the reve- nues of the duchy of Lancaster are all the time increasing, the net revenues for last year being no less than 90,000, qr $450,000, as compared with 60.000, or ~300,000, ten years ago, and that, moreover, the queen's savings have been most Judiciously invested, for the post part in land which has increased almost tenfold tn value during the bast hail cen fury, it is no exaggeration to estimate the present fortune of her ~aJesty from these sources alone as in the:neighborhood of $100.000,000. ~ince Con~ort Le./r# JWillion~r. The .prince consort is known to have left .a will bequeathing hls entire re, tune to the queen, althou.gh it was n~vbr.admitted to probate or officially d~vulged. 'During the twenty-three Year~ that intervened between his mar- rlage a~d his death he had received fl:om the English treasury an annuity ot $150,000, besides which he "kad s Private fortune of ~his own Which Yielded him about $20,000 a year more. tlA~' the queen's husband, he had prac- calty no expense of any k~nd to n~eet, Sh~ce they were all defrayed/like t~Me of her majesty, out 'of the assigned Portions of the .civil list, and it is k~own that he was able to set aside and invest gt least $100,000 a year th.ruughout his married life. Thls a~ounts net to $2,300,000. The major Portion of this was most Judiciously invested in land at South Kensington, Which was at that time little el~ tlian a waste ground, but which today is covered With the most 'costly and luxu- rious mansions in London and is worth far more fQr the square foot than it Was forty years ago for the acre. The KING OF ENGLAND. f~tune bequeathed by the prince con- sort to his widow is estimated to have attained at the present day the mini- mum value of $~5.000~00. Chan#e.r in Emptre. The territorial growth of the British empire during the reign o Queen Vic- toria has been prodigious. In Asla between 1837. and 1858 the territory of Scinde of the Slkhs, Tanjore, Lower Burmah, Nagpur, S~tttara, Jhansl and Oude were brought under British do- minion. In the latter year all British India was transferred from the British East India company to the crown. And I slnce that date Upper Burmah, the Shah states, Beluchistan, Manipur ann Chitral have been annexed. Nor must the little but enormously valuable ter- ritory of Hongkong be forgotten as one of the acquisitions of the reign. Passing from Asia to Australasia, even greater changes have occurred. Before 1837 New South Wales and To- mania were the only organized colO- nies In that region and the rest of the great islands were practically un- known land. Since then New Zealand, Victoria. South Australasia~' Queens- land and West Australia have been added to the mighty cluster of British colonies, which now dominate that quarter of the world. Flji, part of Bor- neo and of New Guinea and many smaller island groups are now also to b~ colored with British red on the world's map. Fet~ Change~ in VSVe.r#. In the western hemisphere there have been few changes in territorial lines. British title to the northwest; ern territory has been confirmed an~ the area of British Guiana somewlla~ enlarged. The development of t~e Dominion of Canada has, however. been almost equal to the discovery and annexation of a new continent. Finally', in Africa, there has been stupendo~m i~rogress. Sixty years ago Great .WINDSOR CASTLE, VICTORIA'S PI~INCIPALPI~CE O~ ]lE~~ except Lord Melbourne, No sovereign was more successfully managed by a prime minister than was Queen Victoria by Lord Beaconsfield. He recognized fully the truth of the royal saying that ladies must be hu- mored and he pleased the queen by obeying all her little whims. He was wise enough, too, to cultivate John Brown and to place himself in the good graces of that worthy servitor; Gladstone could never forget him- self or fail to hint, if he did not-clear- ly show, that he had a mind of his own. He always was masterful in his way, and never hesitated on occasion to suggest to the queen .that his way was the best--often the only way--to PrOceed. HenCe Gladstone was never a favorite with her majesty." In,ri, v~d on ~P~trtty. To obtain purity in her court was one object which the queen sought with strenuous vigilance; By some means she learned the peccadilloes ot all personages likely to come into con- tact with her, and when Justified she hesitated not a moment, no matter what their power, to exclude them from her favor. If an author, a painter or a musician made a stir in the world she was as eager to know all about him as any 'QUEEN ALEXANDRA, CONSORT OF' ~'~)WAI~ VII. Britain owned Cape Colony and two or three other mere footholds. In these three-score years she has acqulr- e~ in the southern part of the dark continent the territories of Natal, Ba- sutoland. Bechuanaland. Zululand and fifially the vast territory administered by the British South Africa company, extending north to Lake Tangahylka, The recent acquisition of the Tran~ diligent reader of the popular pros, There was not a prominent politician whose relations with his family were not fairly well known to her. Not IOng ago she refused to sanction the appointment of a _very able man who had been recommended by the govern- ment for an important office. The rea- son for her refusal was that the ap- POintmen~ would bring the man into VICTOR~A'$ PRIVATE DINING ROOM AT OSBORNE HOUSE. va~1 and the Orange Free State gives her absolute control, ot-South Africa. In the eas~ she had~ praetle&lly taken Zanzibar and nearly half a million square miles o~ "h~nterland" extending te the. Congo state in the heart of Af- rica and. northward to the Egyptian Soudan. In Wes~ Africa she secured a~ imperial domain in the Niger coun- try and in' the north slie has a tempo- rary control over Egypt, of which th~ end no man can yet discern, It is an empire, coml~red wlth which tllosc of Alexander, Trajan and Sol'Yman seem insignificant. At the beginning of the reign the total popu- lation of the British empire was about 127,500,006. Today it is 383,500,000. or~ more than one-fifth fothateff th em the whole world. The area t plrs is now 11,334,391 square miles. That is equal to nearly three times the area of Europe, or to about one-fifth the land area of the globe. In the United Kingdom itself there were sixty years ago only 16,000,000 inhabitants. Now there are about 39.000.000. H~mm'd l~y ~$#~con.ffild. Beaconsfield pleased the queen In one personal relations, wlth her, and t~e result would be uncom~t~ble for h~m, because she would no~tve his w|fe, FOr ob~ rea~0m/it was ~eee~ary for her'to be mdre~ charitable regard- ing the f6ibles O~ the Prince of Wale~ Victorta'~r L[/'e tn ~rie, f. Here are a few, of the most Impor- tant eventS in the late Queen Victor- ia's life: Born at Kensington Palace~ May 24. 1815: ascends the throne June 20, 1887; m~rried to Prince AIber~ of Saxe-Coberg-Gotha Feb. 10, 1840; fi~t daughter, Empress Frederick of Ger- many, born Nov. ~I, 1840; first son, Prl~ of Wales, born Nov. 9 1841; death .of the Prince Consort Dec. 14, 1861: proclaimed empress of India May I, 1575; celebrates her golden Jubilee June 20, 188~; celebrates her diamond J~bilee June 20, 1897. There is now before the Missouri legislature a bill providing for a montt- men to Thomas H. Benton. Governor Dockery, the mayor of St. .Louia and thee others, to be chosen by the gore ~Qr will form a commission to lm~ the matter in charge. (Mexican Letter.) After a very happy sojourn in the City of Mexico, the day for leaving came and the Journey homeward was to be one of continued interest over the Mexican Central railway. In this new route I was to see new cities, ~a new country, and pass some places of rare historic interest and see many developments of various industries. The first place of note is the city of Queretaro, having a population of 50,- 000 inhabitants. It is a most important manufacturing city, more than 2.000 persons being employed in the cotton milk and flour mills there. Just out- side of Queretaro are the great Her- cules cotton mills, and as I looked at them ~n the beautiful valley I was re- minded of some of the cotton mills I had seen in Connecticut. In the war Where M~mlllmn D~ed, against the empire, Emperor, Maximilian was captured ~t Queretaro by General Escandon and soon afterward was shot, according to the edict of war. This scene was en- acted on a beautiful hill to the west of the city about one mlle. With him to share his fate were Miguel Mira- men, once a president of Mexico, who had joined his fortunes with the em- pire, and MaijL a Mexican, who had been a faithful follower. The great- est efforts were made by Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria to save the life of Maximilian, who was his broth- er, and the Empress Carlota Journeyed to Rome with the utmost haste to en- list Pope Plus the IXth to intercede for the life of 'her husband, and then she went to Napoleon of France to get his aid in the matter. In the ex- igency of the case she turned to Sec- retary Seward of President Lincoln's cabinet, but all was in vain, The vic- torious leaders of the cause of liberty in Mexico refused to consider the ap- peal of anyone, and Maximilian was doomed. The day of death was June 27, 1867, and as the party proceeded to the field to meet their fate Maxi- milian said: "What a lovely day on which to die!" They were put in po- cotton mills along the way. These fine farms are called haciendas, a name for a vast estate, comprising thou~mds of acres of cultivated lands under one ownership, A httle south of Chihua- hua the Mexican Central railway runs directly through one hacienda for more than twenty-five miles I was much pleased with the city of Chihua- hua, which is the capital of the state of the same name. It is a beautiful city and an attractive business cen- ter, for to the south are the vast cot- ton fields, to the west the mining dis- trict, While to the north and east is an almost boundless cattle range. There are many Americans living in Chihuahua, and many have made for- tun'es there. Governor Ahuamada i| a great favorite with the Americans and a most progressive executive. All Like Amerlcon~a In fact everywhere throughout Mex- Ico there is a warm feeling for Ameri- ca~s who conduct themselves proper- lY, but the Mexicans are quick to de- tect shoddy in character, and when this observation Is made they have an exclusiveness that is impenetrable. In other words, if a Mexican likes you, all he has is yours, theoretically at least, but if he does not like you he simply will not know you. It was along in the night, as I w~s crossing the great state of Chihuahua, that I was fortunate to have an opportunity of talking with Mr. H. R. Nickersono vice-president and general manager of the Mexican Central railway, who, with Mrs. Nickerson, was going to Boston. "Yes, this is a great coun- try," he said, "and it is growing greater." Since the Mexican Central railway has been in operation the country and the people have changed very much. Building railroads in Mexico In the early days was no easy matter, as the iron for the Mexican Central was sent from Pennsylvania via the Gulf of Mexico and then trans- ported on mules and oxen across the mountain for 200 miles to the City of Mexico. The engines, cars and ties were also carried in the same way, i / "-.- |.-