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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
January 31, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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January 31, 1901

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] ~t @ THEGOLD STANDARD BILL 'URE IS LIKELY TO BE SHELVED I am not ougil if I tit quick-'. nable de-; ,~o.-,9 by[ carrying le gover- n of eer- d the ap- i examine ~on. This appoint-! two sen- ~S to ex- of 1888 ~atior, of ~ing idle ,r eleven .~ueh of have not hich are six per ate. Tile pas~ed reasurer but this le whole gel holl- ys men- [st. Feb- ], Labor tember), nd snel} st'~te oi" tes Ina~ lg anal} o every August Fhe bill ~peal off ay half- ulation, y be on amend- birth- ltatives the ad- becflllS~ th busi- ~chools. dopted, utative. clause ply th~ lade- by Mr. organ- insert- holiday till un- ]mtttee llentB. ch pro- consti- nit the e que- of the its the d Den- ~hree- to re- every 'eside4 a clti- ~lidato ide for n( [ th~ n., tltu. a( L th~ time gE. the ] Lum- :t Jus. ~f Ap. )a alon to one w the e and Lmend State boltsh days .mend ~t the lvalid ex- rlze nnl-,, Washington, Jan. 28.--Speaker Hen- derson has put his foot on pending legislation to more permanently estab- lish the gold standard at the present session of Congress. The rivalry be- tween the comndttees of the tIouse to reap eredit for inaugurating such leg- islation brought the matter to a head Saturday. The IIill bill, providing for the ex- ohdngeability of gold with silver, was reported from toe eomlnittee on coin- age, weights and measures several days ago. The committee on banking and currency reported the Overstreet bill to-day, containing, with a change of verbiage, the same l~'ovisions as tile Hill bill. Chairman Southard of the committee on coinage introduced a res- olution providing for the consideration of the Hill bill. This resolution was referred to the committee on rules, o.f Which Speaker Henderson is ehairman. Mr. Henderson 'told Mr. Southard that before his resolution would be con- sidered by the committee he mast first bring the assurance of certain senqtors that the bill would be allowed consider- ation in the Senate, if the House passed It. Mr. Southard made a canvass of the Senate immediately and found that "too muci] legislation was alreqdy on foot" was the general sentiment. 'l~.vo Democrats, Driggs of New York and Thayer of Massachusetts, voted ~,'ith the Republicans in favor of the Overstreet bill, which is as follows: "That the secretary of the treasury is hereby directed to maintain at all times at parity with gold the stand- ard silver dollars of the United States: and to that end he is hereby authorized and required, at the demand of the holder, to exchange gold coin for standard silver dollars when present- ed to the treasury of the United States in sums not less than $50. "Section 2--That for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this act, the secretary o the treasury, when in his judgment there is not sufficient gold coin in the general fund of the treas- ury to Justify a further use of tt for exchange for standard silver dollars, shall be authorized and required to em- ploy any part of the reserve fund of gold. coin established by section 2 of the act of March 14, 1890, and the standard silver dollars received in the reserve fund in exchange for gold coin under the provisions of this act shall be held in said reserve fund, and not paid out, except in the manner pro- vided in regard to United States notes in said section 2 of the act of March 14, 1800. and all provisions of law for the maintenance of said reserve fund relating to United States notes are hereby made Applicable to standard sil- ver dollars in said reserve fund. That this act shall take effect upon its pass- age." Mr. Overstreet was authorized to nmke the report and the n]inority wiB nmke a dissenting report. POPE ISSUES ENCYCLICAL IN RELATION TO SOCIALISM Rome, Jan 2S.--The Pope'sencyclical ,n socialism was issued Saturday. It is dated January 18th, and says a dis- tinction must be carefully drawn be- tween socialism and the movement among Catholics reviewed in his previ- ous entyclieals on the socialistic sub- Ject, and which was called Christian Democracy. The Pope commences with recalling his two previous encyclicals on social questions, and says that the sequel of these encyclicals was that theCatholics devoted all their activity to social works to help the working classes. The pon- tiff here reviews all that has been done in this direction--the foundation of Is- , her bureaus, funds established for the benefit of the rural classes and work- ingmen's associations of all kinds. He considers the appellation "Christian so- cialism" incorrect, and says Catholics Who occupy themselves with social questions are sometimes also called "Christian democrats." But even this i title is attacked by some people as be- ing ill-sonnding. Divergences have arisen, therefrom and the Pope ardently desires to eliminate them. The careful distinction, must be drawn'between socialism and Christian democracy. The first concerns itself solely with material possessions, al- Ways seeking to establish perfect equality and a common holding of founded'with political I)emocracy, for tile first can aml ought to subsist,' as does the ehureh herself, under the luost v:u'ied politic'll regimes. Christian dem- ocracy also oeght to respect the laws of legitimqte civil autimrity. The ap- pellation "Christian democracy," there- fore, contains nothing which-might of- fend any one. These divergences hav- ing now been dispelled, Catholics should continue to devote their cares to social questions and betterment of the working clqsses. The Pope encour- ages tile zeal and action of those Cath- olics who consecrate themselves to this eminently useful work. The encyelieal eulogizes giving of alms, which the socialists wrongly re- gard as insulting to the poor Alms, on the c~ntrary, serve to tighten the ties of social charity. It matters little whether this action of Catholics in fa- vor of the working classes is called the social action of Catholics or Christian democracy. The essential ,point ts that Catholics must act together to preserve the community of effort and sentiment. Idle, useless questions ought therefore never to,be brought up in the press or public assemblies. Catholics must act so as not to engage in disputes. The pontiff concludes with exhorting Catholics to inspire themselves with these principles and ~o inculcate them. They must urge the people and work- men to shun everything invested with goods. Christian democracy, on the a seditious or revolutionary clmracter, contrary, respects the principles of di- I respect the rights of others, be respect- Vine law, and while seeking material]tiff to their masters, and observe so- ameliorations, has in view the spiritual I briety and religious practices. TAns Welfare of the people. Christian deln-/will social peace again become flourish-t~ ocracy, moreover, must not be con-~ ing througlmut the world, l INDEPENDENT MINES TO BE CLOSED Denver, Colo., Jan. 28.--Under date of January 27th the News prints the following dispatch from Erie: The strike in Erie will b~ on again ia full force to-morrow. A,t a mass n~eeting to-day it was voted to call all i~iners out who have been working. This order will affect over 200 men, Who will lay down their tools to-mor- row. The Lister and the Tyson mLues are the principal mines affected, as they have been shipping coal, but the EUreka', the Davis the Whiteho~se a md " the :Ely mines at ttlnn are also includ- ed. These mines have all been paying the scale, and the Rinn mines have been supplying, by wagon trade, Gree- ley, :Fort Collins, Loveland, Berthoud, Longmom, Lyons and the territory Surrounding these places. Their com- ,olned output is placed at about 400 or 500 tons per day. The Long s Peak seine has been taking out coal for cus- tom trade and is also included in the Rtlnes now affected. To-morrow will s~e every mine in the ~orthern district absolutely idle if the Plans adopted at to-day's meeting do not miscarry. There was strong opposition to the closing of the mines that were paying the scale, and had the deelsion been left to Erie alone no such action wouhl have been taken but the mass meeting Was controlled by the miners from Lou- isville, Lafayette, Superior and Mar- shall, in which camps there are but few independent mines. The meeting voted to adjourn with- OdUt taking actl,on and to wait for Pres- ent Mitchells representative to ar- rive to conduct the strike, but when it Was found that a majority had voted to adjourn, the mover of the motion Was requested to withdraw it to'permit of further discussion. This was done, and~flnally, after two hours of oratory, the motion to call out all miners in the northern district prevailed and the ~aeeting adjourned. Mira. Nation's [ ruaade. Topeka, Kans., Jan. 28.--Mrs. Nation arrived in Topeka at 6:40 Saturday and l~amediately hunted up a newspaper re- Porter, with a request that She be Shown some of the leading Joints of the City. ~Pwo newspaper men volunteered to lallot her around. She said she did not Wish to begin a smashing crusade, but Wanted to talk to the jointists. The keepers of the saloons had be- tOme apprised of her intentions, and When she arrived at Ed. Myers Joint She was confronted my Mrs. Myers, ~'no rained blow after blow on her head with a broomstick, while Myers Stood by and encouraged the assault. By Y this time a crowd of a thousand PeOple ha&~gathered, among whom ~ero numerous sympathizers of Mrs. Nation. Nobody attempted to interfere and soon Mrs. Myers stopped her as- sault. Mrs. Nation said she was not hurt in the least. "~Vhat does a broolnstiek amount to?" she inquired, "to one who has been used to rawhides, rocks and rotten eggs? That woman should be immedi- ately arrested, though. Where is an officer ?" Policeman Luster then appeared for the purpose of protecting Mrs. Nation. He commanded the mob to stand back, and started up the street with Mrs. Nation, followed by a hooting, Jeering crowd of sympathizers with the joint keepers. Mrs. Nation at last found refuge in the editorial rooms of the Capital, where the crowd was not allowed to enter. Here, surrounded by reporters and correspondents, she detailed the story of her experiences and what she ex- pected to do in the future. She asked how many Joints there were in Topeka. On being informed that there were more than a hundred, i she threw up her bands in horror and said the condition must not last any longer, adding: "I would go out against these joints to-night if I had some woman to go with me. But I will rest fo'r a day or two. Something will be done here yet, You may count on that." In Mourning for Victoria. London. Jan. 28.--At St. Paul's cathe- dral yesterday fhere was an unusual scene. Before nine o'clock in the morning an enormous crowd, wholly attired in black, streamed from all di- rections to tim vast edifice, and by ten o'clock it was packed. Ttmusands un- able to obtain admission, stood vainly waiting on the steps and in the streets around the edifice listening to the low organ strains and muffled peal. The service began at half past ten. The Most Rev. Frederick Temple, pri- mate and archbishop of Canterbury, preached a most touching sermon. There was a similar scene at West- minster Abbey, where all the services throughout the day were attended by enormous congregations. The large assemblage in the chapel royal at St. James palace included Princess Fred- erick of Hanover, Princess Frances of Teck, a host of titled people, many members of the Cabinet and other dis- tinguished persons. All the Roman Catholic and foreign churches In England held special memorial services To Buy Pullman Shop~. Chicago, Jan. 28.--The Chronicle this morning says: "It is rumored that the Haxriman- Morgan-Vanderbilt railroad syndicate is planning to buy out the Pullman Car Company and absorb, so far as possible, all the prlvatee~reompanisa,~ COLORADO NOTES. The grip has hit Boulder hard--in fact, few, if any, places in the state have escaped. A company is being organized in Denver to run electric automobile cabs, vans and express wagons. The January pay roll of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company at Pueblo was ~;146,000, which is $16,000 in excess of any month of last year. The Golden public schools, and the School of Mines, which were closed two weeks on account of the sickness of many pupils, opened again Monday, lanuary 28th. The American Cattle Growers' Asso- ciation, recently formed during the stockgrowers' meeting at Salt Lake ~ty, will hold its first convention in Denver, March 5th. The agricultural experiment sta- tion at Fort Collins has a bulletin on raspberries, blackberries, and other bush fruits, now in press, which will be sent to the regular mailing list and to others who apply. The Oil Well Supply Company has announced its decision to build nmnu- facturing machine shops at Florence. I'he structure will be made of brick, ~teel and sheet iron, and will cost not tess than $20,000. The legislative committee now en- gnged in investigating the coal strike Is examining many witnesses and seems to be inquiring very closely into all the details of coal production and the-pay of miners. Secretary of State Mills h~s ap- )ointed Miss Florence Ragland of Denver and Thomas Quinn of Ouray to be clerks In the brand department, and Miss Estelle Persueil of Central City to be stenographer. Samuel Cobain, an employe of Geddts & Seerie at Cheesmau lake, near Buf- falo Park, committed suicide January 25th, at 7 o'clock, by cutting his throat with a razor, severing the jugular vein, flying twenty minutes later. The Pueblo county commissioners aP- propriated $75 toward the support of the Pingree gardens, which have been very successfully operated for two sea- ~ons in Pueblo nnder the philanthropic branch of the Woman's Club. The Woman's Club of Grand Junc- tion has received word from Andrew Carnegie that he will donate an addi- tional $3,000 towards the erection of the new library building in Grand Iunction. The total sum now on hand for building purposes alone is $8,000. The freight depot of the Denver & Rio Grande railroad at Colorado Springs was almost totally destroyed by fire January 26th, before daylight "in the mornlng. Night Watchman L. C. Wells was found dead inside the floor and is supposed to have died from suffocation. It was developed in the legislative coal strike investiga'don committee's examination of Mr. Barrels, secretary of the Northern Coal Company, that the mortgages on the company's prop- erty aggregate $2,000,000 and tha the property is valued at between $3,500,- DO() and $4,000,000. Frank Wallace who was convicted of murder in the second degree for the killing of Night Captain William 0. Rooney, January 22, 1900, was sen- tenced by Judge M. S. Bailey in the District Court at Buena Vis*a to a term of not less than twenty-fi~ e nor more than forty-five years. Every effort is making for the ex- tension of the city water works of For~ Collins to a point above tim mouth of the North Poudre, and the city engi- neer, who has just completed the sur- vey, has submitted his report, which gfves an estimated cost of i,~0,281, with costs of settling reservoii and head works added. Farmers' Institutes have been held by the Colorado State Agricultural Col- lege at Holly and Rocky Ford, and others will be held at Longmont, Love- land, Grand Junction, Glenwood Springs and Montrose. The experi- ment station will soon issue a bulletin on Belgian hares, giving the results of feeding different kinds of food. The assessed valuatio~ of Boulder county is $6,272,220.14. The assess- ment by towns is as follows: Boulder, $1,670,372.08; Longmont, $600,893.82; Lafayette, $107,645.53; Louisville, $61,. 600.04; Ward, $28,704.33, and Elders, $43,249 The total county tax is $104,- 124.46, and the total tax of all kinds, state, county, school, etc., is $250,- 705.46. A Farmers' Institute has been organ- ized at Montrose. C. A. Redding was chosen president, T. D. Nichols vice president and Abe Roberts secretary. An executive committee consisting of J. T. Heath, Aaron Waiters, Mrs. Hl- i ram Dockstader and Mrs. J. A. Fen- Ion, were selected to act with the offi- cers and prepare a program to be. sub- mitted at the n,xt meeting, February 2, 1901. George Nelson, a (~olorado Springs contractor; has obtained a contract for twelve miles of grading and construc- tion work on the El Paso & Northeast- ern railroad, now in course of building to meet the Rock Island, which is being extended from Liberty, Kansas. The home office of the company is at El Paso. Mr. Nelson will require nearly 500 men for this work, and will hire them from Pueblo and Colorado Springs. Walter W. Shemwell, treasurer of ti~e Northwestern Oil & Coal Company at Colorado Springs, received a tele- gram recently stating that the derrick and surface buildings of the company, situated in Steamboat Springs, Route county, had been set on fire by an ex- plosion of natural gas in their well, and completely destroyed. This inci- dent carries with it considerable sig. inIficance, as it generally heralds the ap- proach of an oil body. ' The Colorado Agricultural Ex- pert*Jest Station at Fort Col- lins will have several hundred pounds of sugar beet seed for distribu- tion this spring This will be distrib- uted in small quantities for experi- mental purposes. It will be sent gratis to those desiring it as far as the sup- ply will permit. The varieties include some~seed sent direct by growers in Austria and Germany, and seed fur- nished by~ the United States Depart- ment of Agriculture from Utah and rance. Some af this is said to be ot high quality. Those taking seed wiX be expected'to report the result of the trial at the close of the season. TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES. Verdi, the composer, is dangerously Ill at Milan. Robert J. Gamble ires been elected Senator from South Dakota to succeed R. F. Pettigrew. Tile F]'ench council of state has re- tected Count Esterhazy's appeal against the decree cashiering him from the army. Kansas has elected J. R. Burton Senator to succeed Lucien Baker. Ser, ator W. J. Sewell of New Jer- sey, has been re-elected.. The first grandson of President Diaz of Mexico was ~born oh the seven- teenth inst. The father Is Captain L~iaz of the Mexican army. lh'esident Gruger is said to have no intention of coming to America at pres- ent, though pressed with invitations. He may consider the subject later. Terrific snow storms have been rag- ing on the South Alaskan coast, and the White Pass & Yukon railway has been blockaded for several days. The bill to amend the constitution of Nevada to permit the licensing of a lottery company has been defeated by the Legislature at Carson City. The state entry of Queen Wilhelmlna and the future prince consort, Duke Itenry of Mecklenberg-Schwerin, into Amsterdam, has been fixed for March 6th. The oil from the btg Texas well re- cently sunk at Beaumont, will be piped to Port Arthur and stored there in tanks. Thence it will be shipped ia tank steamers. Recent sales of real estate in Gal- veston show that current property values are held at only about one-half the figures prevailing prior to the storm. A cable dispatch from Constantin- ople, ~.~mounces the death on January 17th o~ Rev. Dr. Elias Rlggs, the old- est missionary of the board, aged ninety. Hen. F, M. Simmons, chairman of the state Democratic committee, has been elected United States Senator for North Carolina to succeed Marion Butler. The jury in the Jennie Bosschleter murder case at Paterson, New Jersey, returned a verdict of murder in the second degree. This means life impris- onment. A party of sixty-five Portuguese ar- rived at San Francisco from Massa- clmsetts and Rhode Island and sailed on the Zealandia for Honolulu, a few days ago. MinneSota has re-elected Knute Nel- son to the United States Senate for the full term and Moses F. Clapp to succeed Cushman K. Davis for the short term. A royal commission' under the presi- dency of Lord Kelvln, has been ap- pointed in England to investigate the recent widespread outbreak of arsen- ical beer poisoning. At Montreal G. F. Little undertook to throw Louis Cyr, the Canadian strong man, Graeeo-Roman style in twenty minutes. IIe accomplished the task in four minutes. Cyr weighed 340 and Little 160. Dispatches from various cities in the South tell of the general observance of General Robert E. Lee's birthday, January 19th, by closing of state and city offices, banks and stores, parades and public meetings. A Brussels paper has received in- formation that bubonic plague is rag- ing among the tBritish troops at Cape Colony, and many deaths that are at- tributed to enteric fever and dysen- tery are really due to plague. Samuel H. Warwick, aged seventy, Inventor of a root beer, and whose wealth twelve years ago was estimat, ed at over $1,000,000, died penniless in the hospital attached o the alms house in Philadelphia a few days ago. Some of the students of the Stanford University are as bigoted as the man- agement. They seized C. D. Montgom- ery, a junior from Kansas, who haO criticised the action of Prdsident Jot. dan, and threw him into a lake Andrew Carnegie has notified the managers of the Goshen, Ind., library association, that he will donate $15,- 000 toward the building of a library building in that city. Goshen is the smallest city he has ever assisted. Yale graduates propose that the bones of Etihu Yale, which axe in- terred in Wales, be removed to this country for interment on the Yale campus, the suggestion is made by Percy L. Lang, Yale, '85, of Waverly, N.Y. William H. Croker of San Francis- co has offered to defray the expenses of a solar eclipse expedition to be sent by the University of California from the IAck observatory to Sumatra to observe tbe total eclipse of the sun on May 17th. Governor Hunt of Idaho has sent to the Legislature a message urging in strong language the adoption of a me- morial to the United States Senate asklng fpr an amendment to the con- stitution providing for the election of the United States Senate by a direct vote of the people. It Is reported the Santa Fe will put into effect second class rates from Chicago to Pacific coast points The second class rate is now $52.50. Under the reduction it will be $30. This will bring the rates from Mlssippi river points down to $27.50 and from the Missouri river to $25. The death of Murray Hail, keeper of an intelligence office in New York, member of the Iroquois Club and a voter for thirty years, brought to light the fact that Hall, though a woman, had successfully posed as a man for more than twenty-five years Hall had been the husband of two women who kept the secret of his (or her) sex. One hundred and fifty Russian stud- dents recently arrested at Kieffe for engaging in political agitation, have been ordered expatriated to Port Ar- thur, where they will do military ser- vice. The same fate awaits scores of students arrested at the capital on a similar charge. The ferment continues among the students throughout the country DL-,turbances are anticipated. SENATOR TOWNE ARRAIGNS OUR POLICY IN THE PHILIPPINES Washington, Jan. 29.--The Senate mind in whose 'gioomv rece~ses.q ' this yesterday turned from the grind enterprise of sacrilege and violence of appropriations to listen to a first gathercd form and pressure. There speech which partook of the has indeed been evidenced a disposition character of an oration, by Mr. Towns of Minnesota. Since he en- tered the Senate the young Minnesotan has had little opportunity to display his talents. As his reputation as an or- ator had preceded him, there was much interest in his speech to-day, which was in advocacy of his resolu- tion for a cessatlon of hostilities in the Philippines When the Senate convened the fol- lowing cablegram was read: "Manila, Jan. 28.--To president of the Senate and speaker of the House of Representatives, Washington: "Accessions to the federal party by thousands in all parts of the archipela- go, the attitude of a hitherto irreeon. cllable press and the general public opinion show that the labors of this party to bring peace will soon be crowned with success. Until now po- litical parties have attempl~l the for- mation of plans more or less question- ing American sovereignty. Our plat- form makes its main plank the sover- eignty of the United States, with lib- erty to each citizen to pursue peaceful- ly his ,political ideas. The hoar of peace has sounded. On our platform are grouped many Filrplnos of hitherto ir- reconcilable ideas, but some of the more obstinate decline to join, for though willing to accept the sovereign- ty of the United St'~tes. the prospect of indefinite continuance of military gov- ermnent makes them distrust the pur- pose of the United States an0 delays their submission. "Adjournment of the present Con- gress without giving the President au- thority to establish a purely civil gov- ernment, with the usual Imwers, and postponement for at least a year of such government until a new Congress, will certainly contirm this distrust. The directory of the federal party be- lieves the conferring of such authority on the President wouhi inspire confi- dence and hasten acceptance of the sov- ereignty of the United States and the coming of peace. The directory there- fore prays botb houses of Congress to authorize President McKinley to estab- lish civil government whenever he be. lleves it opportune." This is slgned by Frank H. Bourns, Dr. Pardo de Tavero, Florentine Tor- tes, Jose Nar Tomas del Rosario, C. S. Arellano, directory of federal party. After the dls.posltion of the routine business, Mr. Towne was recognized for a speech which was to be at once his maiden effort and his valedictory. He spoke on his resolution of last Fri- day for the immediate cessation of hos- tilities in the Philippines. In opening, Mr. Towne referred to the petition presented to the Senate a few days ago by 2,006 Filipinos for a cessation of hostilities and for the granting of independence to the people of the Philippines. He maintained it would "prove a quickening appeal to the ancient spirit of the republic, or its rejection must dedicate the twentieth century to a reaction' prejudicial, if not fatal, to free institutions." While discussing events which led the United States forces to the Philip- pines, Mr. Towne referred with partic- ularity to the charge timt Aguinaldo had sold his country to the Spaniards for a bribe. He declared the accusa- tion was "gratuitous tn its calumny, when we consider that the official pub- lications of our own government con- tradict and destroy it." TOe senator declared that "we were in alliance with the Filipinos, an al- liance sol~ght by ourselves, availed of by us for our own advantage and final- ly, to our everlasting shame in the es- timation of honorable men, repudiated by us when we found it no longer nec- essary and when lust of empire had so blunted our moral sensibilities that we could monnt from an act of perfidy o the .grand larceny of a nation, Referring to Admiral Dewey's de- nial that lie had ever treated the in- surgents as allies, Mr. Towne said, sar- castically: "I fear the honest sailor's terminology has ~uffered from recent contact with the nice discriminations of administration diplomacy." Discussing the acquisition of the Philippines, Senator Towne said: "It is not easy to fix with accuracy the time when the design was formed to ta~ke forcible possession of the Phil- ippine islands, nor to ascertain the by its most illustrions sponsors, as if their prophetic souls already trembled at the inquisition of other ages, to im- pute the dubious resp(msibility to Prey. idenee itself. I know not whlch to ad- mire the store, whether the modesty which dischlims credit for the policy, or the collossal presumption wi]ieh challenges and betrays the vanunted confidence of the Almighty. "I devoutly believe that the Republic is at the gravest crisis of its history, and I feel that a necessary 1)relimlnary to its getting safely out is to cause the people to realize how it came to get in." Mr. Towne said of the President's proclamation that "among tile roses ot its soft rhetoric of love, its fair speech about our coming 'not as iuvaders or conquerors, but as friends;' of the 'mild sway of justice' and of 'benevo- lent assimilation,' the ah'eady justly- awakened distrust of the ]~lipim)s clearly beheld the unsimathed and glib tering steel of despotism. "If we are bent on sl'u~ghter," said he, "let it be in open guise. If we lust for this people's land. let us not glaze our enterprise with false and sinister pretense. Rather let us bohlly raise the sombre flag of international piracy, whistle scruple down the wind and then close in upon oar fe~ble victim to the cry of 'loot and glory.' " Mr. Towns maintained that the Unit. ed States was under the obligation of circumstances, If not actual promise, o grant independence to the Filipinos and that among nations, the former was quite as binding as tile latter. He then argued at length in support of his eontention that the Filipinos were perfectly capable of governing themselves, lx)inting out that eighty )or cent. of the population of Imzun can read and write, and holding that the govermnent established by Agui- naldo was strong, symmetrical and pro- gressive, even In the difficult and dis. turbing conditions whi(~h surround tt. He deelared that the Filipino states- men "would creditably meet almost any emergency of administration in even the most advanced government and would have dignified and orna- mented the early struggles for nation- ality of any people known to history. "There is excellent reason to believe that even at this day the existing Fill. pine government, low as it is in es- tats, and migratory to some extent as to location, exercises a wide and re- spected authority in'the Philippine is- lands and is obeyed quite generally by the local authorities in the interior. "There is not the slightest ground for believing that any appreciable im- pression has been made upon the deter- mination of the Pi~ihppine people to re- sist u~ to the end. There is no evi- dence that any strong native pro- American element has any existence whatever. As the result of two years of wasting war, we occupy about one five-hundredth part of that archipelago. No district is really 'ImClfied.' We hold the ground our troops stand on, practically nodding more. "During the campaign of 1900 it was a false accusation against the oppon- ents of the administratfon policy that they were kC~l)ing alive a smouldering 'rebellion' in the Philippines. q-'h~ newspapers and magazines nmde mueb of this foolish argument, and in many a pulpit where the gospel of tile bullet has supplanted the Christianity of the Bible, the pious anathema of prudent priesthood rose to heaven on the wings of prayer." Mr. Towne then declar(~ that after the elections the resistance in the Phil- ippines increas~l and that it had been announced tn the Senate within a week that 30,000 Ameritm soldiers would be needed in the islands for an indefi- nite period. In closing, Mr. Towne characterized ~he present contest as an "unholy war for greed and empire, tie said: "I shall not willingly cease to d~am of a twentieth century devoted to the demonstration, the first and only one in history, that'a governmen~ of the people, for the people and by the peo- )le' need not 'perish from the earth.' There Is an inspiratiola in the thought that to our beloved conntry may be re. served toe culminating glory of the ages in crowning wi~h success the long experiment of right~ous self-govern- ment." FIRST DECISION I se~ting the state of Illinois and the ST. LOUIS VS. CH[CAG0 Washington, Jan. 29.--The United States Supreme Court to-day rendered an opinion in the case of the Chicago sanitary district, overruling the demur- rers filed in the case by the state of I1- linoi,~ and the Chicago sanitary district board. The proceeding was brought by the state of Missouri against the state of Illinois and the drainage board, the end sought being to prevent the use of the canal because of its sup- posed pollution of the drinking water of St. Louis. The effect of the decision is to sus- tain the contention of the state of Mis- souri. The opinion was handed down by .lustiee Shires. The chief Justice and Justices Harlan and White united In a dissenting opinion. sanitary district of Chicago, was pres- ent when the court's opinion was ren- dered He asked leave to file an an swer to the bill, and this being granted, immediately filed the answer, which was already prepared. In his capacity as a representtative of the state he ad- mrs, among other things, that in the territory of the state of Missouri and on the banks of the Mississippi river, and below the mouth of the Illinois, are many cities and towff~ and many thousands of persons who rely upon the waters of the Mississippi river for their daily necessary supply of water for drinking and all other purposes. He also says that it is a matter for proof whether the people of Missouri are compelled to use the waters of the Mississippi as is also the fact as to whether the waters of the Mississippi are injured by the drainage canal. He Chief Justice Fuller read the dissent- contends tlmt the adaptability of the Ins opinion, holding that the Juri~lic- waters of the Misslssip~l for domestic tion of the Supreme Court could only ] purposes would be in n~wise impaired ~e invoked in cases in which it appears I by the canal. that states are in direct antagonism. ] Judge Springer said. and that this is not true in this case. I "To da's decision m"'ere Y ..... ly brings the He also said that it was diffieult to con- I case to a oint ~ here i ....... P t ~In nave to be ceive that a decree could be entered In ]~r~] ..... ' ~ ' ........... ~ ea on Its merits our contention will this case, wh~cn woma sine me state,be that instead o ........ " the flow ~ lnnlCtlng aamagess, of Illinois or control its acthm. He of tease lake water ..... aas actually added" , . _ . . [improxed the conditions in the Illinois The act eomplalned of ts not a am- and Missi " - ......... ~ ss]ppi myers, both as ta nav- sance per se, an~ the injury anege~ ~o ~i ation and - , - g from a sanitary stan(1 be threatened is contingent. As the l ,~oin+" ': ' channel has been In operation for a tp year, it is'probable that the supposed basis of complaint can now be tested. Expect & Settlement. "But it does not follow that the bill in Omaha, Jan. 29.--Adjutant General its present sihape should be sustained. Michie received a telegram from Lieu. In my opinion, both the demurrers tenant Dixon at Henrietta, Indian terri: should be sttstained and the bill dis- missed wlthou~prejudlce to a further application as against,~he sanitary dis- trict, If authorized by {he state of Mis- ~uri." Attorney William M. Springer, repre- tory, this morning, stating that he ex- pected United States Marshal Bennett . ....... there t:o-day and lind arranged for a talk with Crazy Snake. Also that he anticipated an early settlement ot the so-called uprlsl~}g.