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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
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February 4, 1943     The Saguache Crescent
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February 4, 1943
 

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,Thursday, February 4, 1943 THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT, SAGUACHE, COLORADO i ,ll i i .UNDER THE CAPITOL DOME Continued from Page 1 like trojans• They are back in school from one to three and then on the job until seven. At seven they go I to their rooms and study until eleven f when "lights out" signals come. Of course a few have other shifts to take care of the overflow work. The military people :re clamoring all the time for the trained nurses so that their number is growing smaller, throwing the responsibility on the girls in training more and more all the time. BUSY ALL THE TIME-- Anyone who thinks that a hospital patient, has a lonesome day is mis- taken. They start in at six forty-five and from then until nine P. M. there is some thing doing. Two washes, baths, bed making, medicines, enemas, hot lights on your feet, meals, tem- perature taking, wound dressings, alcohol rubs, doctors calls and many other daily incidents fill your day so completely that when nine P. M. comes and they turn your lights out and say "good night" you are so tired you pray never to waken again. HOSPITAL VISITORS The average visitor to a hospital stays entirely too long. The chances are the patient wants a nurse and he is in misery all the time the visitor is present• A three minute call does ten times as much good as a thirty minute stay. No patient gets lonesome. They keep him busy. THE MEALS ARE GOOD-- The meals here are good. How- ever we have been on a diet the most of the time we have been here. They feed you through the veins when your stomach won't function. Back to that diet. Our first was raw apples, broth and black coffee. Then we had one of cold meat, one vegetable and black coffee. But the tray that near- ly gave us appoplexy was cold meat, black coffee and mince pie. We gave up after that and ate whatever was brought. The regular meals we have had were all well cooked, hot and exceptionally palatable. A FORTUNE CAN BE MADE-t- Sometime when we quit writing a column we are going to try our luck on two inventions. One will be a bed pan that is a little more popular than a hangman's noose and the other will be a urinal that stays put• We won't discuss the operations. They are too popular. sMILE WITH US-- The roll's at the hospital say we received more flowers, telegrams and letters the first two weeks we were here than any other patient the hos- pital ever had. We do not know about that, but we do know we had over forty bouquets, baskets and pot- ted plants. They had them banked along one wall. They were beauti- ful and we do appreciate them. They have a chapel in this hospit- al. One evening we awoke about five p. m. from a hard sleep. We were logy. We looked at that mass of flowers and could not quite figure it out. Suddenly the organ in the chapel started to play "Old Hundred". For a moment, we thought it was our fun- eral. We knew a mistake was be- ing made. "We got such a shock out of it that we did not recover until the next morning. The only hope of avoiding war is to accept CHRISTIANITY as a way of life, not only in our private af- fairs, but in all public and interna- tional contacts.--Canon Sheppard. SAVE THE SCHOOLS! HOW TO START Editorial from the January 24th A RATIONING ,..oo 0, .o.,. ,.,ou.,.,..ow...o. PROGRAM printed By permission. Reduction;i from 65 percent to 50 percent of the income tax revenue diverted to the general fund may or i may not be the proper method of' re-I lieving the distressing condition in  some Colorado school districts. Cer- tainly the proposal has a decided appeal. The income tax was voted as a school replacement tax--in other words, with th uenderstanding the money raised would go to the direct support of primary education, The 65 percent diversion probably was justified in the circumstances. The State at the time had a million and a half dollars deficit. The 32nd General Assembly was faced with the problem of either diverting income tax revenue or raising the direct property tax to an abnormal figure. It took the better way out. But the problem before the 34th General Assembly is quite different. Maintenance of primary educa- tion is not a local but a state oblN gallon. When local agencies fail, the state must guarantee that every child in Colorado is assured educa- tional opportunities. But the state has not met this Take a pioneer wagon train, cut- ting a path across the plains, over mountains, through rivers, making roads where no man ever traveled before, without sign posts of any kind--and you have a rough idea of what the Government is up against in the job of mapping a rationing program for the United States. As Paul O'Leary, Deputy Admin- istrator of OPA, has said of ration- ing: "We have no pattern to go by. We must cut it right out of nothing". Yet, each rationing program must fit the needs of 130 million people, living in an area of 3 million square miles. It must be understood by dozens of different nationalities. Each rationing program must take account of the varying geographic and climatic conditions in the United States. It must provide for the widely divergent tastes and habits that are found in different regions and within each region. In the food fields alone, a ration- ]ng program must also consider half a million retail food stores, 15 thou- sand food wholesalers, 300,000 res- taurants, hospitals, schools and other ! give all the answers I I I Before OPA can ration anything] it must get an order to do so from the ] War Production Board or some other government agency. A crew of ex- perts must be brought together to work out detailed plans. They must know the entire manufacturing and distribution set-up for the particular commodity, the consumption patterns of the people, and how these things may have changed because of the war. They must take into account all the peculiar characteristics of the commodity, all its different uses, the special need for it in certain parts of the country, industrial uses, and a thousand other factors. They must examine and reexamine the plafi minutely to make certain that all loopholes have been plugged. They must work out the best way of ad- ministering and enforcing the plan to prevent black-market operators i from chiseling on every citizen's fair share. And while all this is going on, ration books and forms must be printed. That job alone is of fan- tastic proportions. To quote an official of the Government Printing Office: "Rationing programs such as the OPA is now planning have never been done in the history of the world before !" Take War Ration Book Two, for duty. In Conejos and Costilla Counties, the schools of 14 districts have been closed because of lack of funds. In no less that 412 other school districts, with 12,360 children enrolled, schools are not open through the standard period of nine months. Of these, in 347 districts schooling is provided through eight months; in 34 through seven; in 16 through six; in four, through five; in three, through four; and in eight districts, through three months or less. This situation is disgraceful and intolerable and must be remedied. Colorado can no more afford to tol- erate ignorance than it can afford to tolerate disease. Education may be a local;function but is nonetheless a state obligation. The schools must be kept open and it is the primary and urgent business of the state government to see that this is done. Colorado, progressive though it is in many respects, has lagged in rec- ognizing this obligation• For a generation, the trend has been toward greater state support for public schools. Through the nation, the average state contribution toward support of the public schools is 31 •percent. In Colorado, it is 9.1 percent. Our neighboring states do better than we do. In New Mexico, the state government contributes 72.8 percent of school support, in Wyom- ing, 26 percent; in Utah, 38.7 per- cent. Kansas and Nebraska, however have been backward in recognizing this necessity. Clearly, no mutter what decision it reaahes in regard to income tax diversion, the General Assembly must see to it that it assures the necessary support to public schools, must make absolutely certain that no child in Colorado is denied the right of edu- cation. In this connection, the Assembly might well follow through on an- other task it is considering--that of strengthening the educational system by reducing the number of school districts. Denver, with approximately one- third the school population of the state, forms a single district. The rest of the state is divided into no fewer than 2,242 districts, each with its superintendent and board of dir- ectors. Variations in the value of taxable property are among the factors that put the primary educational system so badly out of balance. Valuations per pupil enrolled vary from $314, the lowest, to 172,580, the highest, Six districts have more than $100,000 valuation per pupil while eight have less than $500. Even in the same county, a weal- thy school district adjoins one that lacks property sufficient to pro- vide proper support. Because of this situation, the districts in which less i than a nine-month school term is pro- vided are distributed among 39 counties, or more than half the state. The General Assembly has before it several pressing problems--but none more pressing, none more vital, than that of assuring the continua- tips of education for the children of the state, I $$*$@$$@$$$ SAGUACHE COUNTY TEACHERS NEED HIGHER WAGE$ 34 teachers of a total of 60 in l Saguache County received a salary of less than $1,000 in 1940-41, and 15 received les than $800 for that year, according to a study made recently of the latest available of- i ficial records in the State Department of *Education. Totals for the state reveal that, institutions. It must be suited to instance. The total printing on them chain stores in Los Angeles and is 150 million books. Specialper- neighborhood grocery stores in New ] forating machines had to be built for Haven, delicatessens in Milwaukee] them. The Government Printing Of- and drug stores in Key West, schools rice had to farm the job out among in Cheyenne and restaurants in Bat- printing shops all over the country. on Rouge. The total number of ration stamps No other country in the world has ever had to work out and ad- minister a rationing program for so many people, in so large a country, with such varied tastes and habits and so complex a system of manufac- turing, transportation and distribu- tion. And no other country in the world has attempted to do what the United States is doing with its rationing pro- gram. In other countries, the gov- ernment issues 'ration stamps but the people of the country have no assur- ance that they will find goods in the stores to get for those stamps• In fact, the people often stand in line for long hours in front of shops which have suddenly received a ship- ment of the rationed articles---only to find that the supply is quickly exhausted and that most of them must go away empty-handed. But the Office of Price Admin- istration here in the United States is attempting to back up every stamp with goods. It is trying to make cer- tain that every citizen will get his supply of the rationed article for every ration stamp issued to him. Mayhe it will be less than he would like to have--but it will be his full fair share of rationed goods. A job like that doesn't come easy. To set up a ration program like that, the government must compile dqtail- printed for War Ration Book Two alone is equal to the total number of postage stamps printed in 12 years. And the printing is just the first part of this phase of the total job. The Ration Books must be distri- buted all over the country, using railroads and warehouses without interfering with troup movements and war shipment• The books must I go from printing shops to every re-to gion, every state, every county, 5,500 War Price and Rationing I Boards. Then these Boards must distribute them to every person in the community• And all along the line, these books must be safeguarded and kept track of as carefully as money, while they are passing thro- ugh thousands of hands on their way to the public. All the long hours of work that this calls for in the local community are performed almost entirely by volunteer help, by patriotic teachers and businessmen, many of whom are neglecting their own businesses in order to help fight this part of the war on the home-front. That's all it takes to start a ration- ing program: the best brains of gov- ernment and industry, millions of man-hours of work" on the part of thousands of valiant volunteers and a crystal ball. Mistakes and miscalculations are ed and complete inf'ormation on av-lbound to be made when a pth is ailable supplies, goods in pr°eess i blazed through the wilderness. But of manufacture, what is liable to the OPA is makin- ---er effort to • i g ev y happen to productmn because of • t see that they don t happen twice. manpower and materml shotages, I r ] n • Fo rat'oni g in a democracy is more how much the usual demand for the than a method of making sure no one, article is likely to change because of shortages of other things or be- cause people have more money to spend. Even a crystal ball couldn't 1,915 teachers, or almost 21 percent, received a salary vf less thari $800 for 1940-41. Three thousasd six hundred twenty-five teachers, or about 40 percent of all the public school teachers in Colorado received less than $1,000 for that year's sal- ary, the official record shows. "It is impossible for a teacher to live on less than $1,000 per year under present war conditions. It is, therefore, logical to suppose that approximately 40 percent of the teachers of the state will be forced to leave their positions for higher paying jobs. The result will prob- ably be that 40 percent of the child- ren of the state well be without schools, by next year." said A. G. i Jelinek, president of the Colorado Education Association and superin- tesdent of schools at Steamboat Springs. The parents of those children de- nied educational opportunities will be greatly concerned over the prob- lems facing the schools. The solu- tion, however, lies with the state legislature. It will have to decide whether it wishes to leave about 40 percent of Colorado's children with- out schooling or to solve this prob- lem. It is estimated that approxi- mately $750,000 to $1,000,000 will be needed to meet this crisis, he ex- plained. . "The teachers in the public schools will not suffer. They can leave the profession and immediately find bet- ter paying employment elsewhere. It is the interests of the boys' and girls of the state with Which the Association is concerned," Jelinek said. gets more than his fair share of scarce goods. It is part of the strat- egT of war, necessary to bring us victory. One official of OPA puts it this way: "Rationing is the form of self-discipline which a democratic people enforce upon themselves as i a wartime measure to secure the re- lease (if manpower, machines, trans- portation facilities, and strategic  materials, for the all-important job of wining the war." "It Takes Both" It takes both.., a Punch and Judy to stage a pantomime show and two hands to pull the strings behind the scenes. It take§ both... War Bonds and Taxes to finance the staggering cost of this global war. Buy War Bonds and more War Bonds every payday as you pay your Victory Tax. U, S. Treasury Department !i00L. E. Thompson, M. D,. ::** Specialist in !EYE, EAR, NOSE and THROAT ii Salida, Colorado **:Certified by the American Board i i i i i SAGUACHE COMMUNITY METHODIST CHURCH Robert C. Enyart, Pastor 10:00 A. M.--Sunday Church School. 11:00 A.M. Morning Worship. Sermon Topic: FOR WHAT PUR- POSE DOES GOD ALLOW SUF- FERING? 7:00 P. M.--Epworth League Social. "Last week the sermon dealt with the question of suffering from the point of view of the Creator. This week it will deal with it from that of the created. Answers will be sug- gested for such questions as, "Why do men and animals suffer pain?" Does pain serve us in any wey?" "Is nature immoral because it is 'red in tooth and claw'?" "Why do disease germs exist?" All of us face inevitable suffering at some time. You are urged to hear these messages because it may be i too late for you to form an adequate philosophy of suffering when you are in the grip of pain. PILGRI-I  NOTES! Sunday School 10:00 A. M. Morning Worship 11:00 A. M. P. Y. P.S. 6:45 P. M. Evening Worship 7:30 P. M. Prayer Meet.-Wed. 7:30 P. M. Dr. John Hall, in one of his ser- mons, compared the attacks of infi- delity upon Christianity to a serpent aaawing at a file. As he kept gnaw- ing, he was encouraged by the sight of the growing pile of chips: till, feeling pain, and seeing blood, he found that he had been wearing his teeth away against the file, but the file was unharmed. Don B0gart, Pastor. "ME THINKS" SAYS SAGEBRUSH ANNIE ARIZONA SUNSET The burstnig glory of the sun's bright girth Hovers over the hushed hills of ruby red, And vast reaches of the pulsing earth Throbs to the symphony of a mys- tery spread Pn waes that make the sweetest song, and then The silent peace drops down. The golden glow Of lighted sky reflects the sandstone hills, when Gently, faintly, from the east, the winds blow. 0 sinking sun, that as in ancient days Dripped in splendor for an olden age, Undimmed of light, and still strong, thy rays Feed, not only man, but the cacti and the sage! Thy beauty seems to fade, yet is deathless, A phantom of the wastes; man catches only the flame Of parting loveliness, and is ever breathless When the beauty has gone to space from which it camel Off in the vistas where the hills stand brown, Rare tintings of a deeper glow still gleams On spires where deep canyons brood • adown Time's titantic shores of age o14 dreams. For memory it is too stupendous, For awe, surprising, splendid, grand ! What painter spills his paint tubes thus, That drippings from the sky stain the sand? 0 sun, revolve steady on thy course, What cords can thy bondage show? Not cords of discontent, freedom, or remorse, For only man uses them to bring about his woe! Cast eyes upon the flaming sky and see A masterpiece that God destroys each day; And brings about another more glor- ious, that He May spread His radiant wonders along life's way. --Helen Ashley Anderson. He who would be wise must daily earn his wisdom.--David Starr Jor- dan. THE BIBLE It is God's word to humanity. This book contains the mind of God. The state of man, the way of salvation, the doom of sinners, and happiness of hulievers. Its doctrines are holy, its precepts are binding its histories are true, and its decisions are im- mutable• Read it to be wise, believe it to be safe and practice it to be holy. It contains light to direct you, food to support you, and comfort to cheer you. It is the traveler's map, the pilgrim's staff, the pilot's com- pass, the soldier's sword and the Christian's character. Here paradise is restored, Heaven opened and the gates of hell disclosed. Christ is its great object, our good its design and the 'glory of God its end. It should fill the memory, i'ule the heart, and guide the feet. Read it slowly, frequently, and prayerfully. It is a mine of wealth, a paradise of glory and a river of pleasure. It is given you in life and will be op- ened in judgment, and will be re- membered forever. It involves the highest responsibilities, will reward the greatest labor, and will condemn all who trifle with its sacred contents. The Bible points the way to salva- tion. The subject for next weeks lesson will be Sin. VChat is sin? Its origin, its effects and rewards. The wages of sin is death. Rom. 6:23. Remem- ber the place of meeting at my home at 2 p. m. each Friday. All are wel- come. Mrs. Martha Gilder. i THINGS WORK OUT Because it rains when we wish it wouldn't, Because men do what they often shouldn't, Because crops fail, and plans go all wrong Some of us grumble all the day long. But somehow in spite of the care and doubt, It seems at the last that things work out. Because we lose where we hope to gain---- • Because we suffer a little pain-- Because we must work when we would like to play--- Some of us whimper along life's way. But somehow, as day always follows the night-- Most of our troubles work out all right. Because we cannot forever smile- •BecaUse we must trudge in the dust awhile-- Because' we think that the way is so long-- Some of us whimper that life's all wrong. But somehow we live and our sky grows bright--- And everything seems to work out all right. So bend to your trouble and meet your care-- For the clouds must break, and the sky grow fair. Let the rain come down, as it must and will--- But keep on working and hoping still. For in spite of the grumblers who stand about-- Somehow, it seems, all things work out. --Edgar A. Guest, "Remember--the more bonds yl buy, the mote plane we flyl"..--