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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
February 7, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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February 7, 1901

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LAST FUNERAL CEREMONIES OF THE GREATEST OF QUEENS ,/ Ix)ndon, Feb. 3.--The following is an white satin, on the corners of which epitome of the exercises at the gleamed the royal arms. Queen's funeral, Saturday, February 2rid. 8:45 a. m.--Queen's body carried from royal yacht to train. 8:53 a. m.--Train starts for London. 11 a. m.--Train arrives at Victoria station. 11:30 a. m.--Funeral procession mOVeS. 1:30 p. m.--On board train for Wind- sor. 2:30 p. m.--Arrival at Windsor.' 3:15 p. m.--Funeral services in Al- bert memorial chapel. 4:10 p. m.--Services concluded and Queen's body left in guarded chapel till Monday. "It has been a great reign," spoke Mr. Balfour, In his eulogy before the House of Commons, "and it has a hap- py ending." All London and thousands from the remotest villages of the kingdom paid their final homage to the Queen yes- OBJECTS TO PAYING GOLD FOR LEGAL TENDER SILVER DOLLARS Across the pall the royal standard was draped and a large crown of gold, encrusted with jewels, rested at tile recting the secretary of the treasury tel head of the coffin, which was at the exchange gold for legal tender silver I end of the gun carriage, just over the dollars, when presented to the treasury gun. reads as follows: On the foot of the coffin were two smaller crowns with a gold Jeweled scepter lying between them. The eight horses which drew the gun carriage were almost concealed beneath their rich harn~q,ses. A large bow of purple was attached to the coffin. This was the only symbol of mourning. Around the coffin walked the stal-' wart bearers, non-commissioned offi- cers of the guard and household caval- ry, and on either side were the Queen's equerries, lords in waiting and physi- cians. All the uniforms were covered with long dark cloaks. The spectacle was so quickly past that the spectators hardly realized it or had time to bare their heads, YVashingten, Feb. 5.--The minority certificates as money. When silver report prepared by Congressman Shaf- I dollars are nmde 1)qyable in gold, they roth of the committee on coinage, become simply promises to pay. What ~reights and measures upon the bill di- government would maintain promises "We object to the passage of this measure: "1. Because it will impose increased burdens upon the gold reserve of the treasury. To say that it will not is to deny the recognized principle of sup- ply and demand. To add the 500,000,- 000 of silver dollars whictl now act as redemption nmney for the silver cer- tificates and are not a charge upon the gold reserve, to the moneys which are redeemable in gold must greatly In- crease the burdens upon the treasury reserve. It cannot be safe for a na- tion to increase its gold obligations without increasing its reserve. "2. Because it will create a new or endless chain upon the gold of the to pay stamped upon as dear material as silver, when they could be printed upon paper at no appreciable cost? Would it not be foolish for the nation to keep invested in promises to pay $250,000,000 (the bullion value of her silver dollars) when, she could print them upon paper and save that amount? Nearly every witnes~ that testified before thecommltteeadmitted that the measure would ultimately pro- duce a retirement of the silver dollm~ and a sale of the same as bullion. This is a new policy in, the treatment of the precious metals. No nation on the face of the glo[~e discredits Its silver coins by making them simply promises to pay. No government redeems its silver in gold. Why should this nation, which produces one third of all the silver of the world, be the very first to strike down one of its own important indus- tries ? terday in her capital; and, assuredly, as comprehend the details when a group Mr. Balfour said, the end of her reign,' of magnificently attired horsemen, with which is now passed into history, was sparkling helmets and coats, mounted happy. Deep solemnity filled all on beautiful chargers, was before them hearts. Immediately after the company about All business ceased; even the drink- lag houses Closed their doors during the day. The newspapers suspended publication. The display of naval and military forces reached the great total of 35,- 000 men. The firing of minute guns and the tolling of bells at a quarter past 11 an- :aounced to the countless multitude that has been crowding London's muddy streets since daylight that the funeral procession with the body of Queen Vic- toria had begun its passage through the capital. The day was sombre, wet and chilly, as are most of London's winter days. The cloudy sky added o the gloom of the whole city. The scene at Victoria station from early morning was most brilliant and the coffin three royal mourners rode abreast. King Edward VII. was the central figure of the three, but no less ostentatious a person was seen in the procession. A black chapeau, with a plume of white feathers, was on his head, and a long black cloak was buttoned around him and hung down over the big, black horse which he was riding. The King's familiar face seemed grave and caxeworn. He looked straight ahead, apparently at the gun carriage on which was the body of the sovereign, whose glory and responsibilities he had inherited. He did not see, or gave no sign of seeing, the long ranks of soldiers hedging back the populace about him. The windows crowded with black- bonneted women, the multitudes of un- treasury. The policy of the govern- ment heretofore has been to diminish the obligations redeemable in gold and thereby prevent runs upon the treas- ury. The gold standard advocates have unanimously contended that the greenbacks should be retired, so as to relieve the government of the neces- sity and cost of maintaining a gold re- serve. They contend that the govern- ment should go out of the banking business. This measure is a reversal of that policy. It creates new obliga- tions upon the reserve; it plunges the government deeper into the banking business. "3. Because it facilitates the expor- tation of gold. By making the prin- cipal medmm of exchange used by the people redeemable in gold, it becomes much easier for the exporter of gold to gather up obligations payable in that metal and present them to the treasury for exchange. No ottler na- tion on earth facilitates the export of gold. The scramble of the European impressive. For to-day's ceremony the covered heads, the purple draperies nations at the present time for gold station was transformed into an im- and the green wreaths everywhere, he should demonstrate the necessity for meuse reception hall. All trains were passed like a man alone, who looked legislation discouraging instead of en- st~pped before 9 o'clock, and the long like he cared not for the world about couraging the exportation of that platforms were covered with purple him and the sentiment his presence in- metal. cloth. On another platform, facing:Spired was o~ly sympathy and pity. "4. Because it will produce the de- that at which the Queen's train was to i The people seemed to see In the King struction of silver dollars and silver "5. Because it will depress the prices of all commodities and property. This measure will make gold do all the work of b~sic money now done by both gold and silver. We cannot thus lucre'ass the burdens upon gold with- out increasing the demand for the same. The increase in the world's production of gold is not sufficient to displace the silver stocks in existence. S~atlsticsshowthatmorethan fifty per cent of the gold product is used In the arts or lost to commerce, which leaves only about $150,000,000 a year to sup- ply the needs of :all Christendom. That is less than three per cent of the gold stocks of the world, and is no more than the legitimate requirements of an increasing commerce. "6. It is impossible for silver dollars to go to discount as long as they are limited in number as now provided by law, and hence there is no necessity for this legislation. As It is impossible for silver dollars as now limited by law to depreciate in value, why should we run the hazards of making in- creased laurdens upon the gold reserve, of creating a new endless chain upon the treasury, of facilitating exports of gold, of annihilating silver and silver certificates as money, and of produc- ing an era of falling prices?" arrive, guards of honor, compose~ of blue jackets and grenadier guards, Were drawn up. At 10 o'clock an army of grooms with the horses arrived, and thenceforward distinguished British naval and military officers and foreign royalties, in dazzling uniforms came in quick succession. The lord chamber- lain and his officers, bareheaded, with their white wands of office, received the most distinguished personages and conducted them o a little pavilion, erected on the platform, The whole station, by this time, re- Sembled the scene of a levee The commander-in-chief of the forces, F.ield Marshal Earl Roberts, on a beau- tlful, spirited brown nmre, carrying his field marshal's baton, at this junc- ture trotted into the station and be- came the center of interest He was soon followed by the earl marshal, the Duke of Norfolk, and many of the most distinguished British officers. Then came the carriages for ~he Queen and the princesses. They were the state carriages used on the occasion of the queen's jubilee, with beautiful gold-mounted harness and trappings. The horses were ridden by postilions ~n scarlet jackets, with only a narro~v band of crepe on their arms, as a mar~ ot the great change. The carriages ~ere closed. Following the carriages and preceded by an officer came an object at which every officer in the animated throng instinctively came to the salute, and every head was bared. It was the little khaki-covered gun carriage which was to carry Queen Victoria's remains from Victoria to Paddington station. The eight l=Ian- overian cream-colored horses, which also drew the late Queen on the occa-i slon of her Jubilee, were used to-day. The gold harnesses, scarlet-coated pos- tilions and scarlet apd gold-covered grooms who held each of the horses by the bridle were all the same. Only the little gun carriage instead of the glit- tering glass and gold coach marked the change. With the exception that rubber tires Were on the wheels the gun carriage Was as if in actual use. The place for the coffin to rest" was over the gun. All heads were uncovered as the sa- loon carriage bearing the Queen's re- a~alns stopped exactly opposite the gun carriage and King Edward, Queen A1- exandra, Emperor William and others alighted. Then the bearer party advanced to the saloon carriage, and, with his hand at the salute and standing a little in advance of the others, King Edward Watched the painfully slow removal of the coffin to the gun carriage. It was finally accomplished and the pall and the regalia of the British crown wer~ Placed on the coffin. The King and the othem with hl~ then mounted and the procession start- ed. The procession, apart from the gun- Carriage hearing the coffin and the royal family and official mourners about It, was not noteworthy. Parlia- tnent, the Judiciary and the commercial bodies were not represented. Royalty, the army and navy monopolized the Pageant, t Most of the spectators expected an mpesing catafalque, and the coffin Was almost past before they recognized lv~ Presence by removing their hats. ~L was a pathetically small oblong mock, eoncealed beneath a rich pall of one of themselves, and the deep mur- murs which arose here and there ear- tied a note of sorrow and love almost as deep as the expressions which greet- ed the passage of the coffin of their Queen. Besidd King Edward rode Emperor W~lliam, his nephew and neighbor. The unique, commanding figure of the German emperor could not for a mo- ment be mistaken. I-Ie looked every inch a soldier and the commander of men. His imperial majesty glanced right and left as he rode and his hand was frequently raised to the red and white feathers hanging over his as he responded to salutes. Emperor William also wore a black cloak over his British field marshal's uniform and the splendid white charger be- neath him pranced up and down, giv- ing his majesty an opportunity to dis- play fine horsemanship, On the king's left rode his brother, the duke of Connaught, a man of sol- dierly appearance, almost unnoticed and unrecognized by the people. In the second rank, behind, rode two more sovereigns, the kings of Greece and Portugal, both glittering with gold lace. There followed a dazzling array of members of royal families, numbering about forty in all, and riding three abreast. So close were they together and so quickly did they pass that indi- viduals, prospective rulers of empires, kingdoms and principalities, could not .be distinguished. The next section of the procession in- cluded the six royal carriages. A far from numerous military es-i cort, including a deputation from the Queen's German dragoon regiment, composed the last section of the pro- cession. Ten minutes after the coffin appeared the funeral procession had passed and the music of the dirges drifted back across St. James park. For an hour before the arrival of the procession Paddington statio~ was the center of striking scenes. There were t~sembled there, clad in glittering cos. rues, the ambassadors, ministers and representatives of every civilized coun- try on the globe. Mingled with them were the highest officers of the crown. All were engaged in the work prepara. tory to the departure for Windsor. Among them, conspicuous because o the absence of adornment, dressed in plain black clothing, was the American ambassador. King Edward, Queen Alexandra and the duke of Connaught stood grouped together as the coffin was borne in and then they all took seats and the train started for Windsor. The funeral services at Windsor were conducted in the Prince Albert memorial chapel, erected by the Queen in memory of her dead liusband, by the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Winchester. An impressive feature was the king- of-arms' pronouncement of the titles of the deceased. Standing before the altar he went through the old formula ending up with "God save the King," delivered so forcibly and dramatically that his hearers started, sunk into a realization of the change of regime which had so suddenly come about. At 4 o'clock the service was over. The archbishop of Canterbury bowed his head on the altar and prayed, and the kings and princes passed to the left of the altar, leaving the coffin and passing into the castle. Cost Of the Boer War. ] lng the past one or two months the New York, Feb. 4.--Charles D. ]British have been compelled to act al- Pierce, consul general of the Orange[most wholly on the defensive. The Free State and trustee and treasurer war is cestlng Crest Britain $1,000,000 of the Boer relief fund, says that the Boer forces in the South African Re- the prisoners at St. Helena and other [Ubllc and Orange Free State, includ- the invaders of Cape Colony, hum- 25,000 men. He further Says: $"The war bus cost Great Britain ~o0,000,000 In gold--a sum twice' greater than the entire value of the republics if Sold to the highest b ldder-- ~dover 100,000 of her troops have rendered hers du combat. Dur- a day to keep the troops in the field and points. "The failure of the British arms to open the Kimberley and Johannesburg mines has deprived the stockholders of dividends on securities listed at $850,- 000,000, and has reduced the output of diamonds and gold $284,000,000 and has added $800,000,000 to the taxation of Great Britain and Ireland." MRS. NATION'S ENCOUNTER WITH A TOPEKA SALOON MOB been here so long that she has become fights were in progress all the way to familiar to the watchers at the joints, and she did not succeed in getting near the place in question before she was recognized and immediately a dozen strong men were at the door of the Joint to .prevent her entrance. The little band of women struggled valiantly against the superior strength of the ruffians who were trying to keep them out of the saloon. In the melee two of the women were thrown down and their hatchets taken from them. Mrs. Nation's face was slightly cut by her hatchet. By this time the police arrived and took the women in charge. As the women were being taken to the police station they were followed by a thou- sand or more Jeering, hoofing men, most of whom were the negro watch- ers employed to keep the women out of the Joints and to do them violence if they persisted in entering. There were a number of Mrs. Na- tion's sympathizers in the crowd and they gave her the protection that the police seemed unable to give. One joint man insisted that Mrs. Nation be killed and punctuated his remarks with a great deal of picturesque lan- the station. At the police station Mrs. Nation was formally charged with disturbing the peace and her name entered on the docket. The police Judge was at the station. Mrs. Nation refused to go to his room to see him regarding her of- fense, but insisted that he coins to her, Which he did. Mrs. Nation was told to report for trial at the police court to-morrow morning, and was released on her own recognizance. She said she would be glad to do so, and then proceeded to hold an im- promptu prayer meeing in the police station. She prayed that the work she had begun in Topeka might be abund- antly prospered. The jolntlsts have negroes hired to watch their places of business, and they have orders to shoot down any- pemon, man or wonmn, who attempts to enter the Joint bent on mischief. The better element of people of the city are much worried at the turn affairs have taken. They think that now is the time. if ever. that Topeka's Joints will be closed, but they stand aghast at the scenes which will almost certainly be inaugurated in the closing. COLORADO'S WARDS ALL ACCOUNTED FOI{ Denver, Colo., Feb. 5.--Secretary Stonaker of the state board of charities and correction has compiled a state- ment giving the census of the different state institutions, with statistics show- ing the number of paroles and pardons issued, the inmates received and dim- charged, and the deaths: Last Friday in the state home for de- pendent children there were sixty boys and thirty-two girls. During January three boys were placed in homes and five girls. Two boys and eight girls were received. In the state home and ifidu~trial school for girls, there were thirty- eight inmates Four were paroled dur- ing January. The insane asylum had 495 i~mates. In January three, males and three fe- males were received; three males and one female were discharged, and two males and two females died. In the mute and blind asylum at Oolorado Springs there were seventy- six boys and 158 girls. One death occurred at the soldiers' home last month. The home now has 151 members. There are 116 prisoners in the reform- atory. During January twelve were committed, two paroled prisoners were taken back for misconduct; eight were paroled and one pardoned. Warden Hoyt has 515 male and five female gues~:s in the penitentiary. Last month twenty-two male prisoners were received, eight were discharged on pa- role, one by order of court, and the sentences of five expired. The total shows that the state iS car- ing for 1,646 wards. Youtaey to Be Sentenced. Georgetown, Ky.. Feb. 5.--The Feb- ruary term of the Scott county Circuit Cour~ began here yesterday. Counsel for Henry Youtsey, convicted of com- plicity in the murder of William Goe- bel, appeared and had dismissed the motion to try the prisoner as to his sanity. Unless some further steps are taken the prisoner will be brought here from the Louisville Jail and sentenced. Blrthdtty of John Marshall. Washington, Feb. 5.--John Marshall of V~rginia was installed as chief jus- tice of the United States 100 years ago yesterday, and at 10 o'clock yesterday morning the~eentennlal anniversary of that event was commemorated with impressive ceremonies in the hall of the House of Representatives at the capitol. The program arranged by the Joint committee of Congress and Wil- liam Wirt Howe off New Orleans. pres- ident of the American Bar Association. was simple and dignified, as became the llfe of the great Jurist. The Presi- dent and his Cabinet, the members of the Supreme Court, the members of the Senate and HoUse, the diplomats corps and members of the District Bar Asso- ciation attended as invited guests. Many other distinguished persons' were in the galleries, which were reserved for those holding cards of admission Although the various official bodies en- tered the hall together, they were not announced as on a formal occasion. President McKinley and the members of the Cabinet were the last to arrive. The entire assemblage rosy and re. malned standing until they had seated themselves. Asked to Drop Alcohol U"~ Chicago, Feb. 5.--W. C.T. offi- cials to-day decided to send circulars to all medical journals, hospitals and medical colleges throughout the coun- try, petitioning all physicians connect- ed with the institutions to refrain from prescribing alcohol for medical use. This movement is made by the mem- bers of the temperance organization to counteract the custom of advising patients to use beer. wine and other intoxicants as stimulants. J~l~n~e Oil Compe~ion. Tacoma, Wash., Fat). 5.--The steam. ship Duke of Fife brlngs news that the owners of Japanese oil wells are or- ganizing a strong company m compete with the company formed by the Standard Oil Company to develop the Echlgo oil fields. The opposition com- pany has acquired wells known to have been productive for the past 400 years. These give It possession of 4,, 000 acres In the oil district. WHAT IS BEING DONE AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL The President has sign(