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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
February 7, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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February 7, 1901

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I I I i I II'l ' I - I CHA 'EL, LO.N )O.N. The greatest gathering of royalty~ buried from St. Ge~ge's, as was also from it to the Frogmore Parl~ mauso. the world has ever seen assembled in [ William IV.. Victorta's immediate ] lens, Where Vlctoria's remains have St. George's chapel to attend the fun-I predecessor on the throne. Edward[ been interred beside those of the oral services over Queen Victorians re-I VII. was christened and married in the Prince Consort. The first St. George's mains. Victorla's father and mother, [ chapel.. St. George's adjoins Windsor chapel was erected during the Joint the Duke and Duchess of Kent. wereI Castle, and it is ~nly a short drive reign of William and Anne. On the great lakes has appeared a new style of lifeboat, invented by Captain Mayo of the life-saving serv- ice. He has tested it himself, and be- lieves it to be a success. He has gone to Washington to preson~ the model of his invention for the consideration of the government. The new lifeboat Is really a sort of "life car," the prin- ciples being much the same as those embodied in the latter device. The life-car is supposed to be hauled ashore by lines, while the Mayo lifeb'oat is intended to be blown or rowed ashore. according to circumstances. A llne of steamers sailing out of Chicago has been equipped with the Mayo boats. and the captain and his associates are hopeful. The newly devised boat is a cone. rounded at both ends. It Is intended to be thirty feet long and seven feet in diameter. ]t is perfectly round, there being projecting fins, or bilge keels, to keep it from rolling. The shell is built of three-inch oak, cov- ered with aluminum, or sheet steel, as the builder desires, and is shaped on strong oak ribs on the inside. The forward and after end of the boat are air cham~bers, built in such a way that crushing or puncturing are practically Impossible. Around the shell are open- The .]Ve oe.rt Lifeboat kind of gaskets, and on each side two portholes large enough to push an oar through. The ports are closed with heavy doors of steel, end ,,very open- Ing Is closed and locked from the In- side. The only unprotected openings are at the ends of the cone. The for- ward one is a manhole large enough for a man to move about in easily, =nd at the other e~d is an opening design- ed for the lowering of an anchor. In- side there are accommodations for 50 people and lockers large enough to stow the food necessary for their sus- tenance for thirty days; also .water tanks" with a sup ply of drinking water Sumcieut to last for that time. The seats are so arranged that they revolve completely arSund, no matter how often the boat turns over, and the p~ssenger is always kept upright. The interior is filled with two aluminum bulkheads, which swing about with the motion of the seats inside the boat. 2lways keeping the ventilators a safe distance xbove the water. To avoid the danger of filling, the ends of the boat are fitted with water vents, and as the whole boat, loaded, draws less than four inches, there is enough of it always exposed to the influence of the wind to allow of its being ~lrlven ashore. A device for locking the swing- ings filled with heavy plate glass, set Ing seats in poslti~)n keeps them secure in rubber and steel gaskets. On two and allows rowing when rowing is sides are manholes set in the same practicable. ,,, L.r ~ . lJ, .,, j -- '~~~L..,',,,,,,A|-.~..`' -? ,, ~~..~" -- L ~.tYIO~AL vt[W 0r "t~[ r, IA~:O LiFt 5OA1, bNowJr~G r.XTLRLOK,~Nr~ ~N~'[RIOR 01r'~ ~N[, fR@,~l A PHq'IOGRAF~ 9~ 7~ P1OD~.~ j~d,~ice from a Chinaman. Wu 'ling Fang, the Chinese minis- ter, in the course of an address upon Confuciu~ and Mencius in Phlladeli~hia on Sunday improved the occasion by r~ply to some *critiCisms that have been made by clergymen of the" Christ- jan faith upon his~receut ~compaHson of' Cllrlstlanlty and C0nfUeianism. His reply tO their strictures was not omy in excellent temper but it contained many 'wise dugge~tio~ which~ men of all religiotts beliefs would do well to heed. In makln~ the comparison between Confucianism ' and Chrlstla~!~ : the Chinese minister particularl~ d|sclaim- ed any intention todisparage the lat- ter. He dove not think it any ~ore discreditable~ that all Christians do' not live up to the doc~riue Of Christianity than that all Confucians do not obey the precepts of Confucius, nor can hs understand why some clergymen should resent nny attempt to compare Christianity with other systems of be- lief when they do not scruple to at- tack other religions. Wu Tins Fang recognizes all that is good in all sys- tems, and from this high-miaded standpoint does not think that "the noble and sublime teachings of Christi- anity need fear criticism, much less comparison.''~ To this extent WU Tint Fang stands for the good of humanity. He believes that all religions teach men to be good, and that if every man would live up to the doctrines of his religion it would be a better world and men would live in brotherly peace. l~.omanc# of a VJni~er,r~tjf. The banquet in Chicago the other evening In honor of the semi-centen- nial anniversary of the founding of Northwestern University was a fitting celebration of one of the noteworthy events in educational history. Fifty years ago, Gov. French signed the chart~ of the new university. The story of the intervening half century is a chronicle of heroic struggle and ul- timate triumph such as can be shown bY" few "freshwater" colleges. "The university was intended .from the first to serve the educational needs of Meth- Odist fafliilies throughout the north- west, but it was n@ver condudted in a sectarian spirit. ~t first it was in- tended to locate the-in~titutlo~ in Chi- cago0 but an explorlng "expedition final- ly penetrated the legions north of the city and discovered an ide~! site in a grove of oaks on the north shore. !There the university was opened afg~w years la'~er, a~d the vtll~ge4hat grew up a2ound it bece~n$ Evanston. ,The ,modest school that started in -a single frame building with a handful O ~tu- dents now oucupies' more than a, dozen large buildings In Evanston and Chi- cago, counts its studentS bY the ~nds, has an endowment fund of over $5,000,000, and is the largest Methodist university in~ the country. Its con- tributions to the educational life of the northwest have~ been continuous and important. Tts graduates are fOund in the highest places of honor throughout the United States. ~a~r.r Lt~e Long. The remarkable longevity Of the So- ciety of Friends in Great Britain has been fully sustained during the last year, the average age at death in the United Kingdom, ,f~om one to 100 years, being 61 years, 7 months and 7 days, Two women' members died over 100 years old. T~# j~,mour W~ill. TheArmour will was filed in the Pro- ba~e court yesterday. The ,estimate placed upon the fortune is $15,000.000, which will be divided equally between the widow and th~ Only SUlWlVing son, with the sttpulatioh, however, *that the two grandchildren, sons of Philin D. Armour, deceased, shall have a million dollars each when they reach the age of 25, and a like sum when they reach the age of 30. no immediate provision being made for them. as is explained by the will, because they and their mother already have an ample fortune received from the estate during the lifetime of the deceased son. There are no other l~eneficiaries of the great packer's fortune named in the will, none of his old employee or house servants, not even the Armour Institute. His entire wealth goes to the widow and son. This, however, will not be a matter of surprise to those who were nearest Mr. Armour In a business sense and were familiar with his system of disbursements. He probably gave all that he intended to give while he was living, and this was n., small sum, for he rarely refused an application where the applicant was worthy, he was liberal with his bonus- es to old employes, and he generously endowed the Armour Institute. ~f)bere P~obeef4" ..~lrtce~or~ .f'leep. In honor of Lord Roberts a cathe- dral in Waterford, Ireland., is to be re- stored to save the family vaults. When the intention was lately announced people wondered which edifice in that town was to be thus dealt with. Wa- terford has three cathedrals--the Pro- testant, the Catholic. and the cathe- dral in which the Huguenots used to worship, more commonly known as the French church. It is the latter struc- ture that is to be restored for the bene. fit of Lord Roberts. "Bobs" is looked upon as a Water- ford man. For more than two centu- ries back the "Roberts" family can be traced. Sir Thomas Drew recently stated that "from all parts of the Brit- ish empire come interested inquiries about the antecedent origin of the origin of the Roberts family, from which haSe sprung a Lord Roberts o! Kandahar, whose biography has to be written for future generations. It is found with no difficulty in the record of a purely citizen family of Water- ford; through more than two centuries. a pedigree welt kept and remembered in their city for the true and upright citizenship of its many members. Their last record is inscribed on the t0ml~ stones which lle~under the tower of the French church, to which zo many turn now with interest." It is a~ticipated that nearly 8,000 ~vill be required. To restore the tow- er alone' will cost some 550 and those responsible for the scheme ave anx- ioUS that this work should be proceed- THE KUINED FRENCH CATHE- DRAL AT WATERFORD. ed with as soon as possible, for under it lie all the Robertses. The fall of the tower, which must come if neglected--would thus chiller- ate the Roberts family burying plac~ Lob~rtcr~ and Lo&rt#r~. Lobsters are almost a ,thing of the past--that id the kind served ~ food. --Boston Globe. Epoch of :: Meche nism : e Altered Condition of Life ]['or All M~nktnd in the Century 1800-1900..~ .k, The nineteenth was a most material- ~tic century, an age of mechanism. ~'e have progressed wonderfully in our :spaclty for luxury, extravagance, com- 'oft. A hundred years ago our forbears a mileage of fourteen miles. Today there are 210,906 miles of railroad in this country; 163.216 in Europe; 26,- 834 in South America; 31,102 in Asia; $,978 in Africa and 14.384 in Australia. miles an hour. The Empire State mr. press made a record of 1.1,3 mils am hour in May, 1898. Marine travel did not make ~o won- derful an advance In speed, ~rough Fur,To, H 8o.AT. sere content to live by hand, a~ it #ere; now we live chiefly by compli- ated machinery. A century of prog- -ess has created demands which forced the dormant inventive skill of the world to put forth its best efforts. The world has made more progress in ma- terial things in the last 100 years than it did in all the centuries preceding. ~ivilized man's mode of existence has been totally altered by his inventions. The world has gone patent mad. In the United States alone there were ~23,535 patents granted in the sixty- two years from 1837 to 1898, During its existence the patent office has re- ceived more than $40,000,000 in fees. 0n carriages and wagons more than 20,000 patent~ have been granted; on ~toves and furnaces, 18,000; on lamps, gas fittings, b.~rvesters, boots and shoes and receptacles for storing, 10,- ~00 each. The *,otal of patents for the ~ivilfzed world )s easily Lwlce that of Lhe United ~tates. Thanks to these hundreds of thousands of contrivances, what were luxuries to our forbears of Early in the history of railroading twelve miles an hour was considered recklessly fast. In January, 1899, a train on the Burlington route, in a the agency of steam, as did land trav- el, hut the progress in comfort and safety was greater. In 1790 John Fitch constructed a steamboat--and was con- sldered a raving lunatic. This opinion was confirmed when his e~periment proved a failure. Seventeen ~yeare later Robert Fulton, another so-called visionary, backed by Joel Barlow and Robert T. Livingston, built the steam- ,boat Clermont. She was soon dubbed "Fulton's Folly" and when she started for Albany on Aug. 11, 1807, all New York was out to witness her failure. She wen~ to Albany in the astonishing time of thlrty-two hours, returning in two hours less. Now when a gigantic ocean liner, with lifeboats as large as the Clermont. crosses the Atlantic in less than six days, we read the news in a bored sort of way, displeased that steamers should be so slow. Fulton's experiment led, years later, to the iS00 are ~.)mmonplaces of existence to all classes, rich an~ poor. lh 1900. With the Invention of the steam en- gine the world shrunk st a bound to a twentieth of :'a former size. I',s vast distances ceased to be formidable. Where the lumbering stage coach or the plodding caravan took weeks the flying express covers the distance in a few hours. The trip across this con- tinent used to be a matter of life and death. Now it is a matter of $100 and take your ease as you go. Without the railroad a close-knit nation thousands of miles broad, such as this country, would have been an impossibility. In 1825 the first steam railroad was op- ened ~between Stockton and Darlington, England. A year later a similar ex- periment was tried at Quincy, Mass., where the engine hauled stone for a distance of fo~r miles. The first pas- senger road in this country was the Baltimore & Ohio, opened in 1880, with f- ~ODRR~ ~PIHH If'fG IYIACH IHIE run from Siding to Arlon, 2.4 miles, building of ths Savannah, which s~tu- did the dlstauce in one minute and' ally crossed the Atlantic, to the great '~ twenty seconds, or at the rate of 108 astonishment of the entire world. [ ABOUT CONVICTS. more positions than we have men. I SHOVCED HIM A MINE. Klndn~s Works Very wen on Tho~o ]gelm~Hglt from ]Prison, Msdud Ballington Booth tells in Suc- cess how seventy-five per cent of the discharged convicts who have come ~ln- der her notice have proved themselves trustworthy. Her words are highly in- tere~ting: "The drink evil is, of course, the primary cause of most crime. Crime follows drink as a tiger does blood, and we find that most con- victs' families are left destitute, and we have to help them along, too. It is they who furnish most of the heart- braking pathos of crimin~l life. Many sad stories could be told of the family left behind the man who goes to 'pris- on. But there are many happy stories of the reformed convict restored to wife and children through Hope Hall. We confine our work to no creed or sect, but Protestant, Catholic, Jew and infidel are alike welcome to our 'homes,' the only condition being that they must conform to the rules, and prove sincere in their reformation. At first the most difficult part of our work was to procure employment for released convicts. With all our as- surances men would not entrust the man witl~ a criminal record with their business. The reformed convict was looked upon as an impossibility, but these poor fellows had won my con- fidence, and I pleaded with bnslne~s men to live them small ohance to live. With" a-uecess the prejudice gradually disappeared, and now in ChiCago, where we receive twel~ men pex week from the prisons, we have "have some fine letters f~om business men concerning the trustworthiness and relfahility of 'my boys.'" " Women o~ Bird Doctors. One of the latest schemes of a clever Woman ' forced to earn her own living la establishing herself as a bird doctor. Canaries are her specialty and she has established a h0pital where she at- ted~ls to the ills of these pete. Bro- ken limbs, disordered digestive appa- ratus, catarrhs and fevers are treated" by the woman with benefit to the birds and profit to herself. Other song birds and house pets, and even the repulsive parrot, are treated for their ailments by this bird doctor, who is said to be the only woman in the world making a specialty ~0f this business. SO well established is her fame in this direc- tion that she makes visits to Philadel- phia, Boston and other cities' when called, and has established a regular clientele there, as well as here, among dealers who make the handling of birds an incident to their other business, as is the case at some of the department stores.--New York Times. l~lnee~ Claim Ancient Llaeoa. All the princes of Caucasus claim direct descent from King David, ac- cording to the Vienna Neue Freie Presse, and some of them base their descent from Noah or the landing of the ark on Ararat, which is nearby. St. Petersburg is soon to have a home for self-supporting worktn~ ~m~ Tradina Rat Left Gold In Phtee of ~ | vet Spoo~. The action of a rat led N. R. Ingolds- ,bY tO the discovery of a rich gold talus in Arizona. He named the property: the Rat Hole mine. Mr. Ingoldsby karl been spending scveral* months near Mammoth, on the San Pedro river, in Arizona. His purpose was to en}uy the hunting and make a collection of the animals and minerals of the South- west. He pitched his tent in~ the c&n- yon of the San Pedro. in the Santa Ca- farina mountains. He had no neigh- bors. and was for a long time unable to account for the disappearance of smaU articles that he left lying ab'mt his camp. At last he noticed that when I anything was taken something was I left in its place. This was usuall7 I I bit of wood or stone. The culprit he ~ound to be a large rodent of the t, pe- cles known as the trading rat. /Phe habits of the animal made an inter~to ing study for Mr. rngoldsby, and he often lay awake at night to watch for his visitor. A silver spoon was nflss- ing one morning, but in its place wa~ a piece of quarts carrying free gold. This still more excited Mr. Ingoldsby's curiosity, and after several attemp~ he succeeded in following the animal to its home. Near by was the le~ from which the gold bearing quar~ h~d been taken, Mr. Ingoldsby n~ade an examination thorough enott~ to :prove that his discovery was 0t ~- L sider~bte/value.