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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
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February 13, 1919     The Saguache Crescent
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February 13, 1919
 

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V~stern ~*New.',rpaper Union News S6rvice. Arizona. New Cornelia Copper ComI)any re- boris output of 4,24S,000 pouhdS dur- ~ December., The Klatawah Oil Company, reeent- ~organized hy Flagstaff people, has ased a section fl'onl tile Aztec coln- ~nny Under terms which require that ,he Well be started hy April 1st. Winslow business men have organ- ;ed a close corporation known as tlLe /inslow Land and Oil ~'ompany and ran to start drllling in tim early )ring. This company has leased from m state all the school sections in the 'act controlled by the Aztec concern. ,The endor~etoeut of tile Hoibrook il field has been of such a substan- ai nature tlatt "men and colnpuaies f means and influence are obtaining r negotiating for htrge holdings and ~eerfuily accepting obligations ira- used by lessors that actual develop- ~ent shall begin wititin a limited pc- ted. lu Arizona the prospective fields re. attractlng~ wide-spread attention ud it is a safe bet tim1 during the ear 1919 in the tha~ state will be record- columns ot oil producing -rritorles. Inquiries are coming from ~r and wide, front the remote quar- ~rs of the country as to the present etivity in development. While there is much nncertainty in gard to the immediate future of the *PPer Industry, looking forward to e conclusion of tile peace conference Ld the beginning of the period of re- instruction }n Europe and the revlv- of lndttstrial activity ltl tills eaSil- Y, it would seem as though copper ining was assured of many years of "osperity, according Arizona. to J. H. Hamlll Montana, The BUtte ~uperlor Mining Cam- my reports an output~ of 9,450,000 Unds of zinc for Jantthxy, compared ~l 10,600~000 pounds' in December. ~ mined in January was 33,000 tons, uaPared .Wlh 3fi,~l)0 tons in Decem- Wyoming. Tlle U. ~. Geologlcal Survey has ~t issued a summary showing tlmt ere Is an apParent gain-ln the United ales of three per cent in petroleum ~diuctlon in 1918 over 1917, the ta- n 1918 being 345,500,000 barrels agalnSt 3~5,315,601 in 1917 report+ front Wyoming is to the eel that the Wyoming Spindle ToP ~mpany, Which has been closed down ~tPo~rarily fdru few days, has re- .~ stilling operdttons. The wet! g:nwe ~ feel with a twelve-lneli g: ~he company Is .fully fl" [l~:for tile completion of this welt ~e lit finish it us rapidly as pus. .greenient h.y the menlbers Ofuthe terence emmnitte Co- e of both tie ngress on fire oil land le sing , i,as in +ontro ers eral Years, had tlleWyomngeffectlf sainting the market hi e ree stocks in a retnarkahle d gad ~daY and resuited In sha~ : price of .ll shares ot s."~eez emnpanies whlch are dZ~ )n the Ne~i, York and Denver m car. was taken I III II III II I II iii I I I III II I I ators to take away from the Public Utilities Commission all Jurisdiction in home-rule cities, in line with the re- cent decision o the Supreme Court in the telephone rate case,, failed when the Senate, by n vote of 20 to 15, de- feated Senate Bill No. 34, by Senator Francis J. Knauss, which vested the rate-making power ill tile people and provided the home-rule city with the machinery necessury for tile exercise of this power. '].'lie constaindury issue, which has been kept in the background in the Legislature, made its appearance in the House when both sides seemingly were unta'epaz'ed. The bill by Repre- sentative Best and Hosman for the re- peal of the act estahllshing tim State l)epartment of safety, closely followetl by Representative Girard's bill for tile continuation of the department, ap- peared on the House calendar. A colt- terence between tile leaders resulted in an agreement trader which the bills will be laid over. & state bond issue to build perman- ent highways throughout Colorado was unanimously recommended by' six members of the good roads committee of the Denver Civic and Commercial Association in a signed report to the association directors. The report fa- vors turning into the state highway fund half the income from the state inheritance tax, without raising the tax. rate; changing the license rate and basis and other clauses in the mo- tor vehicle license bill now before the Legislature, and opposes the proposed gasoline tax and the bill to compel "all vehicles to come to a full stop at railroad crossings. 'J.lte figh~ tar toe recovery of liquor consignments made to some 3,000 per- ~ons through tile express otrLce in Denver is to be mo~ed to tlle Sultrmae Court when Jolm Coe, intervenor m the case of the State versus American Railway Express Company, will file. an appeal for supersedeas and a bYiet in support of the appeal. Errors will be alleged against the act of the Di~txlct Court In Sust~ainlng the state's demur-, rer to the complaint of Cue. At least one additional county Judge for Denver Is seagirt through ~, bill h~ Senator ~tarkweather which passed second reading in the Upper House o the Legislature. The bill proposes a constitutional amenamehz which would pave the way for the passage of laws estahllshing more than one county judgeship in countless of large population. Other bllls which have passed third reading in the Senate are the Booth- Dunlap bill, providing for a state road brigade; the Kaauss bill, making i~ lawful to attach an interest: in prop- erty involved in ah estate under pro- bate ; the Hattenbach-Napiel'-Warreu- Dunklee bill, modifying requirements In the licensing of muttml fire insur- ance companies; the Hattenbaeh hill, changing the procedure In school bonding elections; the Fairfield house bill, increasing the salary of the state ~neat inspector from $100 to $125 per month; the Napier bill," giving the Legislature tile sole right to suspend writs of habeas corpus; the McWli- llama-Finley bill, creating /rrigation Division No. 6, and .the Staley bill, ad- mitting veterans of Indian wars to the Colorado Soldier~ and Sallot~' Home. Denver's fight for the rigl/t to pro- tect the health of its school children was carried to the Legislature, when a hill by Representative James M. Dowrdng permitting' medlea! inspec- tion came before the house. Although the bill is not mandatory and merely gives the school boards In districts of the first, class the right to employ physicianS, dentists and nurses when necessary, it encountered vigorous op- position and only survived a motion to table by two votes. Radical changes in 'the administra- tion of the state industrial comPensa- tion fun~ were suggested by represen- tative~ of Insurance ~doinpanies In an open meeting at the capitol before the Industrial Relations Committees of the Senate and House of Representatives. The separation of the fund's adminis- tration from the other d'utie~ Of the State Industrial Commia~ion was urged by William E. Hutton. 'The Problem of the education of the return~l, aoldJ~s and ,l~dental]~ of all o, ther citizens of Colorado, :cam.~ be- fore the, IIouse of Representatives when Representat~lve Robert ~. Rock- well's bill to give free tuition to all persons honorably discharged from the military or naval service of the: United States appeared on the Hoh~e calendar. Action on the bill was de- ferred When Its siveep|ug character became known. The alalTning wave of juvenile crime,'in Denver has caused Chief of Police l~Iamllton Armstrong to address a letter lo the Judiciary committees of the Senate and ti~e House urging the passage of c.ertaln 'hills whlcb are designed to protect boys and girls and to" extend the Jurisdiction of tl~e fin. penile (~ourt. Senate Bill No. 76, carryi[tg tile shorY hppropriation for the State re- forra atory at Buena Vista, has passed the Senate on third reading and now IS pending in the Lower House of the State, Legislature. This bill was ln~ traduced in the Senate by SenatOr ~W, F. O'Brlen of Leadville. The principle of "home industry '~ W first, on a signal victory in the State S~ate .when the tlattenbach bBl, I~ Document Has Been Restored and Now Rests in Courthouse Where It Was Filed for Probate in 1500------"- " S TIIE anniversary of the birth of George Washington comes again ahd the whole nation pauses to pay a tribute of respect to the memory of the greatest figure of American his- tin\v, the realization is fo~eed home that ~Vffshington lives ht the h~rLq of tile people so vividly because .of his Intensely human traits. The American public of today doe~ not worship a remotelegendnry hero, whose glories gather luster through the effusions of flattering songs and stories, but Is on Intimate terms of acquaintance with Its idolized first president througlt the most trust- worthy agency, that of his own hand-written let- ters.and documents. Through the strides of mod- ern progress and the discovery of remarkable paper ,surgery' 50.000 or more private and official letters, addresses, documents, reports and accounts have been collected repaired and bound into volumes. 400 of them, and are ac- cessible to those who wish to peruse them In the big library of congress in the interest of research. But the most important of nil the papers penned by Washington. and the one which, throughout Its entire length, is the most perfect reflection of him as a man of affairs anti of business. Is his last will antl testament, ahnost the last docmnent penned~ by his hand, written about five months before his death. After many and varied vicissi- tudes this marvelous paper has been repaired and saved tO posterity by being safely deposited In a steel paul iu Fairfax courthouse, where it was presented for probme In 1800. Waslflngton loved life and crowded Into iris six- ty-seven years many-and varied interests. Through a perusal of only a few of the hundreds of letters written to him and by him, it is seen that he en- Joyed all ontdo0r sports and games, was proficient in most of them, gamhled on horses. cards, cocks and lotteries, speculated in lands and stocks, danced almo~ until the year of his d~ath, lov~t theate~, teas, receptions and all social amuse- ments. Though he made constant use of wines on his table+ moderation and method were the precept and principle of his life. and those traits are .forcefully lllu~rated in the 24 pages of his Will, wh|ch he prepare~l without legal aid. though contrary to his usnal foretllought in leaving this duty until so late in life. Every llne of it bears mute testimony "to his eflicqency~ in business' and his sense of responsibility, and it shows that Im spent eon~derable time ia its preparation, for In ,disposiBg of his various properties in bequests h~ relatives he went Into great detail. Tile will was signed July 9. 17tYJ. and was .* filed for probate at the county seat of the county in Virginia In which Washington had llve~l and died January 20 1800, being presented In open court by George Steptoe Waslflngton, Samuel ~,Va.~hington and I,awrence Lewis. thrc- .-f OLe executors. Fur a long time It reposed lu the office of tile clerk at FalrfaxC~urt .H+mse/Inlt with ,the con- fusion of the Civil War it was removal to Rl(,b- mend with other vahmble papers and there lost for a tinle, It being rumored that It had been p|cked up by a federal soldier and sohl ahroad. However. It eventually turned up at Falrfax Court Flonse -l~lln "much the worse for Its travels and experiences, Then, for a number-of years, it was freely bandied by Visitors and historians, until the edges became frayed, great holes appeared, aud almost every she~ split in the creases, nnd the Ink. though good, faded from the llgfit and ex- posure. When it became apparent that steps ~foutd he taken to hold the ram sheets together, some one in a~lthorlty ir~ q~'airfnx turne~l qle will over to a woman resident to be me~ade(l, ~,'hlehshedhl most literally and most d~sastrously wltl'i 'a coarse- needle nnd cquaily coarse tht'ead. Consequently the needle holes attd heavy thread Soon worked still greater havoc th,','t~gh the carefully worded pages. Then a group of'men iutere.~ted In the caller, lion and Va~,~ervation of historic dean meats, headed by Lawrence Washington, sought to have the paper turned over to the governmbnt, so that the experts of the, state department might have a chance to repair and deposit It for safe-keel> lng, ahmg with other imPortant papers.of the government. B~t the Virginia authorities refund te permit 1he manuscript to leave l~alrfa~ (~rt House. nnd eonsequently~th aid of the ~tate de-~ ,~"M/.~eFA'X C'OZ/.~d~.4~U, YZ~" Partment paper surgeons was rendered unavailable. As a labor of love and appreciation for the hls- torical paine of the document and Its famous author, the library of congress finally volunte~red to send Its most expert manuscript repairer down to Fairfax to make the repairs and put the 24 - pages into a condition that would Insure them against further destruction. This entailed the shipping to Falrfax of considerable equipment. including a heavy press, To put the battered paper in good condition re- quired 16 day~ of the most palnstaklng work on the part of William Berwiek, the llbrary's .skilled mantmeript mender, who made dally trips ta the quaint old courthouse. The first step to-lard restoration after he had photographed ever.~ one of the ragged pages was setting the iniL Thin was done by a liquid process or bath designed to Prevent further fading. Then each one of the ~heets w~ hacked or mounted upon crepeline, a sort of transparent durable silk gauze, which al- lowed any reasonable amount of handling. ~hen came an endless amount of scraping, patching, pasting and cutting which only the deftest, most expert fingers could do, and the results would not have been se remarkably satisfactory but for a most fortunate clrcumstanee. When it came to grafting new materla'l lute the old nmnuscript to replace the old which had been worn away, the great problem lay in finding new materlal that would match In texture and color that upon which the will was written. Mr. Bar- wick was in despair as to where to tirol paper for the patellas which would make the will look as good as new, when by n lucky chance in a second- hand book store in Washington a number of blank sheets of the writing paper which Geerge Wash- ington had made especially for his persov(al use were discovered. Thls was exactly what was wanted and now, unless one holds the s~heets of the restored will in such a position that the bright ll~ght wlff shine through them, there Is no way of telllug wlmre the old part, or rather the original part, leaves off and the grafted sections begin. When Mr. Berwick completed his task, which cost the Falrfax authorities nothing, the sheets of the document, mounted upon cardboard, bound In tile form of a book mounted with a handsome red levant cover, were placed in a,steel fireproof and burglarproof safe constructed especially for the purpose, in accordance with the specifications of the goveram~t pflielals. The will, Which has been called the l~ost val. uable relic of any left to posterity by the father . of his country--more valuable than the award& hooks, furnRure or china, In view of file fact that It more faithfully portrays the mind of the man himself, reflecting his personality as oothing else could do so perfee0y, opens as follows: I, George Washington. of Mount Vernon. t~ citizen of the United Statee ~nd lately preeident of the same, do mare, ordain and declare thl~ instrument, which Is written with my' own hand and every page thereot ubeeribed with my name to be my la~f will and tes- ta~enL revoking all other~. In It he directs that: To mY beloved wife. Marth~ Washington, I give and bequeath the use end benefit of my entire estate, real and personal, for the tel+m of he~" natural life. except suca par~s thereo! as are t~eelflcally dlspo~d of. lie also ordered that his body be Interred "in a quiet manner, without parade or fnnerai oration." O~e cltttt-~e, .whlch has bee~ extensively quoted, 1~ as ~OI|OWS: Upon th0+ decease of my Wife It is my will.and d~- $1re that all. the slaves which I hold tn my own right shall receive their freedom. Concerning the disposition of" ,his sl~tves, the. g~+neral gave more explicit directions thnn. to any othe~part of his estate, and he especially directed that none of them should be sohl outside of Vir. glnia. He directed tl~tt his debts, wlfleh he quid were "few and none of great ~nagnltude," be 'punctual- 1 and speedily paid." He also called #ttenUon to tim fact that many of the ,young men of the United States were being sent abroad to foret~n eeamtrlea to be educated and were contracting ivab~s 0f diss|plttlon and prlnc|ples unfriendly to republican government. To altl in stopping this he gave.,50 shares tn the Potomac comImay to- ward the endowment of a university within the District of Columbia under the auspices of the general govcrmnent, He also made prov|~0U ill his will for tile construct|on of a new faml)~ year at Mount Vernon, in which might be lJ4aced tilt, re~nins of himself and his near rdative~ The will may be seen through the glass side of the vault In which it is deposited, before whic.h lmng heavy green curtains to exclude the light, Falrfax Court House Is douidy rich In view of the fact that 'it now also treasln'e,,~ the will of I! tember 22, 1800. Tills will is not nearly so long nor so Involved as that of General Washington, It was probdtted in 180"2 by George Washington Parke Custis and Thomas Peter, two of the execu- tors. It was taken up with the disposition of household effects and provisions for the education of her relatives. Three granddaughters, font nieces, liar grandson, four nephews, a grandnlece and other distant relatives and friends are men. tioned. To them she gave paintlngs, town lots and to nearly all of them she gave from five to ten g~lneas with which to buy rings. One of the odd provisions was : "It is my will and desire that Ann Mariah Washington, daughter of my niece, be put into handsome mourning at my death at the expense of my estate, and I be- qneath to her ten guineas to buy a ring." Another unusual order reads: "It is my will and desire that all of tile wine in bottles In the vaults be equally divided between my grand- daughters and grandson, to each of whom ] bequeath ten guineas to buy a rlng for each." All of the family pictures, except a few ~pe, ciflcally mentioned, were left to ~eorge Washing~ ton Parka Custts, nnd to him weht a large celiac tlon of household furnishings, Including bed~ water c~olecs, china and furniture. Special pro. vision was made for the education of three neph. ews, who were to be fitted in "some u~efUl trade," and she made a further provision the! 100 pounds be glven to eadh to set him up in hl~ trade., The belated return of these two famous docw menL% so essentially personal and human in their contents, to the little courthouse where they wer~ both filed for probate over a century ago has made of Falrfax Court House another Mecca tel the history-toying tourist, and it is rapidly fallln! Into line after Mount Vernon and Alexandria 1~ point of popularity. CHOICJ$ OF BUT TEN STATES, New York state had no part in the election oi the first president of the United States. For som~ years following the establishment of the federal government, the legislatures of most ~f the state~ chose the presidential electors, the people vo+tl~ for them only indirectly, their choice ~ ~ pressed by their votes for legislators. & deadlo~ between the senate" aml the assembly prevent~ the selection of electors from New York stat~ Rhode Island and North Ciirollna had not Yet ratiflOd the Constitution, so Washington wa~ elected the first time by the votes of only tan the 13 states. New York city ~,as the scene of the first lnauim ration, however. Washington took the oath at the portico of Federal hall, on the ln'e~ent Slte the snbtr~lasury, at Wall aud Nassau strt~, Al~r~, 30, 1789. Immediately following tlfl~ ceremony b~ retired wtthln the bulldlng and delivered an ad dress to congress, which met in Federal hall b those "days. ffolm Adam~. the second pr~ldeal also addressed congress in person, but Se~ broke the custom which Pres|d~nt Wilson ha~ rived. JeffersOn stlgraattzed that f0rm of a~ as monarchk~! and put his r~esaa~ In, writlR!,::}tn~:,~ New York Sun. BUILT FROM. HII OWN PLANIL "- At the late (lete of 1827 a W!Sb ex~pr~ ,~. George Washington in hts will Was' obO~l~d, HI had calked attention to his selection of a spot f~ s new tomb for hhnself gnd famlLV and thOl~ e4 the family already buried in the old vault. '1~ old tomb was disadvantageously sltlmted on t~ side of a hill whteh waa ~ubJeet tO l~adI~lldel I~or the new vault he specified not ~nly the Spot lint also dimensions and materials. Aeeordlni~ U the, his own plans, a tomb was built, and hll and Mrs. Washlngton's bodies were traasferret -t~t It, along with the remains in the old vault o: other membe~ of the f/rally. The latter wart buried within the vault, oat of night, while th~ bodies of General ~md Mrs. Washington are i~ stone cofl~ns above the ground, within plain between a grated lrot~ doorway. REALISTIC. "YOU have a realistic plctnre to advertl~ YOU] breakfast to01." ,'Almos~ too realistic. A ~oat came along a-u~ ate one right off the biltboard."--Loulsvllle Coulq ~er-Journal. PERPLEXITY[ "~oU llsed to prolnlso anyth rLg that nflgl~t , please the voter's fancY." "Yes," 0bherved Senator Sorghum. "I dou't tr.~ that any more. Voters qre getting s(~ notionatt ,Martha Washington, sis9 retnr0ed to it -after you can,t even tellwhat Iflnd of a promise is go . ~' years of wanderit~: It was sigitctt on Se~ tag to suit +their i~nev"