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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
February 14, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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February 14, 1901

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BAffU R CENT. SAGUAOH~ -~ O~LO~DO~ m~ o Lord Hopetoun's eldest son. Lord Hope, who has gone out to Australia with his father, will return after Eas- ter to England, when he will begin public school career at Eton. Lord Hope is now in his 14th year. His brother is a year or two younger. Lord and Lady Hopetoun have only these two sons, as thelr little girl died aGree years ago. Prof. James of the University or Chicago, has been working twenty years to get a fully authenticated case of death from snake bite. Every case he investigated turned out to be en- tirely without foundation, or else to be based on utterly insufficient evidence, until the other day when a snake- charmer in Georgia died from the ef- fect of a diamond rattler's bite, and mtequate proofs were given by the ~t- tending physician. About the coolest thieves on r~cord "did a Job of work in Philadelphia a few days ago. Early in the morning, while hundreds of people were going to work, half a dozen men arrayed as mechanics appeared in front of a Turk- ish bath establishment In Walnut street, and with chisels, hammers and wrenches took down the handsome bronze ornaments and railing which ornamented the place,. Then they calmly walked away with the plunder. Merits of chocolate as food for troops in the fields appear to be be- coming rapidly and widely appreci- ated. In the recent autumn maneuvers of the Austrian army in Galicia a chocolate ration was found to be equal to about five times its weight of the primest beef. From Russia also came equally favorable reports respecting the use of chocolate and now in Amer- ica it forms a chief constituent of a new emergency ration with which trials have been lately carried out. According to the Norwich press, a syndicate has been formed for a floating Monte Carlo, to be moored off the English coast somewhere Just be- yond the three-mile limit. Negotia- tions are pending for an obsolete At- lantic liner, which would be turned into a miniature casino, at a total cost, including the first outlay for the hulk, ~f 50,000. The idea is to provide a haunt for gamblers within easy reach of London, but beyond the reach of the betting laws of the realm, and, of course, capital for running the tables would have to be provided to the ad- ditional tune of some hundred thou- sand pounds. It is understood that the Brighton coast is thought of. It is contended by me organ of the German general staff that the rapid and decisive manner in which eam- ~paigns are now carried out will not ~allow t, me for mining, A fortress ~will, it is affirmed, be captured bY bombardment or open attack or in most cases by a combination of the two methods. The training of engin- ,eere in the German army in mining ~work has been abandoned, while tbe tcumbrotm material required for sub- ~terranean warfare will no longer form tpart of the equipment of their forces. In Austria, it is further stated, the same views on the matter are held, ~ad the same steps toward carrying jthem~.lnto practice have been taken. ! The government is hereafter to par- ~tlatly furnish the quarters of British ~army officers. The amount of furui- !ture that will be given is not yet spec- ified, but it Will include at least the ~bed, a chest of drawers, washstand and bath. This saving in hired or other !freeport at every regimental move ~will, it is calculated, soon show as a !set-off or reduction of the initial out- ilay. Here is a hint for our war de- partment. Perhaps some officer good at figures will help the suggestion by estimating the cost of providing fur- ]niture for quarters and how much ~would ba required annually to lmY tke ~lnterest on this sum and provide a ,sinking fund for its ultimate extin- guishment. The Missouri Dairy Association lheard some lnt~resting testimony zbeut the infiuencs of music ma kick. dug cows. 'One man had an anim~ so wictott~ that she always had to ke tied ~nto tl~ stall at milking time. His two bo~,s noticed that whenever they began to sing at their work, the cow became quiet. Now, instead of tying her, whoever is milking merely strikes up "Annie Rooney" or "My OM Ken- ruckF Home," and the cow stands per- ~feetiy attll. Another delegate aald ~kat in Switzerland farm workers who leave good voices set better pay be- ~mmse they can milk the wildest and ~most restless cowl The "serum of the ma~tLt~," however, was express~l by ,t farmer, who said: "It may be all ;right to sing to a kicking cow, but I valet to keep my eye on her foot. She ~ lght take, a notion to dance to the USiC." Roher~ Q~mrkart, who is eighty-four ymu's old, recently walked from his ~aeme in Brush Creek township to Me- ~onnellsbUrg, Penn., and baok, making a round trip of~ fifty-two mile& He the father of. twenty-eight children ~ad has ~ver been fll in his lifo. A .~nsineu man in Fort Worth. 'T~, k~ had his feelings hurt by l~ing &meribed in the city d~ory a4 ,,eok~red." He thinks ~d~mt $~,000 wlll h~l .his wound@d di~fltX, and las ~,.,ou~ht suit ~4~Inst the publlsh@N fo. DENVER LETTER. !'~EVENUE BILLS PROPOSED IN THE FUSION LEGISLATURE. Measures to Increase Taxation. Discourage Capital, Fetter Enterprise and HIrmss Business, But No Slg~m of Economy or Retrenchment. Denver, Colo,., Feb. 11, 1901. A good deal of attention has been ex- cited here, and some in the East, over the provisions of some of the proposed revenue laws that are before the State Legislature. The so-called Montgom- ery bill, which seems to be considered the most likely measure, after being amended, to become a law, contains some provisions which in its original form might well have been entitled to be headed, "A measure to fix the de- gree of criminality of various kinds of property holders, and to assess fines accordingly." One of the provisions is to tax all the money that goes through the hands of real estate agents, wheth- er in the form of loans or collections or insurance. If the agent has to pay the tax, he must collect it either from the loaner or borrower, in ca~e of a loan and from the owner or the tenant in the case of rentals. The Real Estate Exchange has taken up the matter and protested against the measure; and one or two meetings have been held at which representatives of the Exchange and of the Legislature have conferred in regard to the provisions of the bill. Some of the most objectionable may be stricken out, but the one mentioned above, taxing the funds that go rhroug~h the hands of agents, seems likely to remain. The effect of such a measure on in- vestment by any one outside of the state in Colorado properties may easi- ly be seen. If it becomes a law, or- ders ~> sell will be in the large major- ity over orders to buy. Tl~re are some things in the financial and business world that law has little to do With, and cannot fix; but by taxing property sufficiently it Is v~'y easy ~o drive away investors and discourage home buyers. No doubt the provision of our consti- tution, intended to restrain legislators, and to prevent the lntroducttofi of a too enormous mass of bills--the provision which requires all bills to be introduced in the first thirty days of the session~ has something to do with the crude and hastT character of much of the legis- lation proposed. It leads to the intro- duction of bills covering every possible phase of a subject, most of which are not Intended to be passed, but "which are introduced so that if needed they may furnish the basis of a law after the bills have all been gone over and a sort of digest made of them. In a matter of this kind, it is simply impos- sible for a legislative body in sixty days to digest the mass of bills intro- duced and frame a respectable measure that will answer the pu~2~oses for which it is intended. A revenue law Is something that requires study, even by experts, and the average legislator Is not an expert, and you can harflly e. expec~ him to become one in sixty or ninety days. The appointment of a revenue commission was a good idea; but the commission that was appointed does not seem to have had sufficient time to present a symmetrical and ~omplete measure for the consideration of the Legislature. One thing Is evident enodgh--that in- stead of studying how to reduce ex- penses, and keep the outgo of the state government from exceeding its Income, the study has been, and is likely to be, to devise new aorta of taxation that will enable the Legislature to meet all the appropriations which it desires to make. Perhaps this was what the ma- |orlty of the people of the state want- ed when they chose a Fusion Legisla- ture. RepuhUoan Advisors" Sorrel The arrangement for the banquet of the Republican Advisory "Board to- morrow evening, on Lincoln's birthday, are praetlcally complete. Something over two hundred members of the or- ~,anization will be present at the ban- quet. The total membership, at this writing is Just abo'ut ~ven hundred. The speakers at the banquet are to be Colorado men. It was found impossi- ble to get senators to come from Wash- ington at this time, in the closing days of a short session of Congress, when their presence at the capital is required by .he State of the public business. At the time this organization was started, there were many who doubt- ed whether there were 300 men In tt~ .state who would be willing to contrib- ute $10 ~t year each to help the regu- lar party oragnization. Three hundred was set as the minimum numbS, be` cause it was estimate~ that the sort of work that was desired could not even be attempted with an income of less than $3,000 a year. As soon as the or- ganization was fairly formed, however, it was clear that the membership would greatly excee4 the minimum number, and that at least twice that number would Join: The results thus far are very encouraging, and" the state com- mittee is sure/now of funds to mai~i~fln the permanent headquarters and carry on the work of permanent organlza-. lion. Six rooms have been secured for the permanent head~luurters, at N0. 1(~ Champa street, a very central 1o~ t M~10n~ and ~he rooms have been fur- nished and are now In use. The best of the roon~s are set aside for the use of the ladies, and good use they aare making of them. A woman's auxiliary has been formed in this county, with a membership of about a thousand, and meeting have been begun, and work i~ actively in progress, Republicans from all parts of the state, whether men or women, will be made welcome at head- quarters whenever they are in Denver. The bill to consolidate the city of Denver and the county of Arapahos, commonly known as the Rush bill, is meeting with a great deal of opposition. It is pointed ~ut that it will hardly be possible to include the whole of the present county, east to the state line, within the city limits of Denver; and if Chat is not done, a new~ county must be created, which must have a county seat and county buildings and a full set of county officers; so that even if the city of Denver were to be relieved of some expense by the proposed meae- ur, the people in Arapahoe county o11- side of Denver would be taxed much higher than they are now. Further. more, It is urged that while a consoli- dation would get rid of one set of pill oers, there would be practically about the same amount of work to be done as there is now~ and Just about as many employes would have to be provided for; so that the saving to the city would be comparatively small after all STRAINING AT A GNAT AND SWALLOWING A CAMEL. President Speer and his fellow mem. berg of the Fire and Police Board must have hard work to keep their faces straight while conducting a bur. l~sque investigation to find out wheth, er their subordinates have been "graft. ing," to use the picturesque language of the day, when they know very well that much more serious offenses against the law- are being committed every day and every night in Denver through their own direct consent and conniv. ance. Scores of gambling houses, policy shops by the hundred, places of prostl, tution and assignation more numerous than all the others combined, and dor~ eus of deadfalls where the victims and criminal classes congregate to divide their plun~r and devise flesh offense~ against t~he law are run wide open con- tinually |~tls city, with the full knowleSge~ consent of the Fire and Police Board(~ All this i~ not novel by ~any means, for other Fire and Police Boards have permitted and even encouraged .a simi- lar condltlon of affairs, but we doubt If ever in the past the license unlaw- fully extended to the vicious and crim- inal classes was so general or so gen- erous as at present. It needs no investigation to estal> lish these facts for they are matters of common knowledge, and they are fax more serious in their moral effect upon the community than the "grafting" pro~ pensitiea of patrolmen and detectives. The chronic violators of the law. enu- merated above never practice their vices and crimes openly in cities with- out police permission and protection. The gambling houses, bunco joints, policy shops and other evil resorts, would be closed in an hour by a-simple notification .from the Fire and Police Board to that effect. They are not closed because the highest police au- thorities are willing that they should remain open. The governor, who ap- points the Fire and Police Board, knows thiS as well as anybody and if he should order a policy of close re- striction it~would be followed by the Fire and Police Board. If the board itself should order the closing ef these places, its fiat would be respected and obeyed instantly by more than ninety per cent of them. There is another side of the police question In Denver which will not be touched upon during *the present so- called investigation,, and that.,is ~ the extraordinary incompetency dl~layed by the existing force in' dealing with persons guilty of serioue~@tlmea Fully a dozen roan'tiers have o~urre~"ln Den- ver within the last two yearsi* and we -cannot ~ow recall a single .c~se in which the murderer Was .arr~!"6~ our potiee force, if he made any effort at aH to escape detection. We do not wish to be understood as saying or believing that the members of the Fire and Police Board are cor- rupt. Many 5f their subordinates are unquestionably guilty of "grafting," usually on a petty larceny sort of scale, bUt there is no known reason to sup- pose that the beard or the chief of po- lice is purchasable. But that does n~t make the matte~ much better so far as they are eoncorn~, ed~ because "their official recoguitio~ arid protection of chronic law-breakers, either ,through political influence or personal negligence, Is Justas bad [for the community as if~ it were zeeured through bribery. Of course there are question~ that will not be touched upon during the present farcical investigation of petty offenders among the detectiv,es and pc. lice officers. A competent legislative committee or a t)ublie-spirlted and fear" less grand Jury might throw a great deal of light on these subjects, but there Is little likelihood that the effort will be made under existing condi- tionL--Denver Republican. COLORADO NOTES. The Mallory line steamer Denver will not be ready for christening before next June. E. A. Montrose, an old-tlmer of Buena Vista, died in Kansas City on the 6th inst. The new plant of Eae Colorado Springs Electrie Company was put in operation February 3rd. It Is announced that T. O. Stead has been appointed postmaster at Sallda, to suceed W. P. Harbottle. In the District Court at Buena Vlsts, a five year sentence was given to Col- lett, the negro who killed Dave Davis at Sallda last August. The graduates of Colorado College tieing in Chicago have formed an as- sociation, W. L. Tlbbs of the class of 1893 was elected president. Franches have been asked for by the Colorado Springs Rapid Transit Com- pany wlth a view to considerably ex- tending the street car system. . Arthur Ball suffered a broken leg from the explosion of a small steam boiler in No. 2 shaft house of the Val- entine Mining Company at Leadville a few days ago. Lewis G. Stevenson. son of ex-Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson, will hereafter make his home in Denver. He is interested in various Colorado mining enterprises. Mrs. Samuel Wolcott, mother of E. O. Wolcott and Henry R. Wolcott, of Denver. died at Longmeadow, Massa- chusetts, on the 5th inst. at the age of seventy-nlne years. Mrs. R. W. Steele, wife of the first provisional governor of Colorado when it was a part of the te1~Itory of Jeffer- son, died in Colorado Springs, Febru- ary 5th, aged eighty years. The buslnes~ men of Golden and vi- elnity axe becoming very much inter- ested In the sugar beet industry and an effort will be made to build a fac- tory near Golden or Arvada. The Colorado Terminal Lines Asso- ciation recently met in Denwr and fix- ed the same summer excursion rates that were in effect last season, as well as the same special train rates. It is stated that @ll the teachers of Arapahoe county will be ordered by their school boards to a~tend the monthly institutes which Miss l-lerey, the county superintendent of schools, has organized. The Idaho colony has been incorpor- ated with a capital of $50,000 and will have offices at Salt Lake City and Den- ver. The incorporators are C. E Wanfland, A. W. Barbour and Richard Brackenbury. Ex-Governor Davis H. Waite, B. Clark Wheeler and others have organ- [zed the Colorado Oil and Fuel Oom- pany, capital stock $3,000,000, to de- velop 24,000 acres of oll land, mostly in Routt county. M. F.. Leach is at the head of a new combination at Boulder that has se- cured a franchise for gas works. It is stipulated that a mile of mains shall be lald the first year and six miles within six years. Between 4,000 and 5,000 persons have been vaccinated in Denver by the Board of Health so far this year. Five doctors are employed day and night in the work, averaging 300 or 400 every twenty-four hours. The Supreme Court of Colorado has disbarred M. B. Waldron and A. W. Slndlinger of Denver, for unprofes- slonal conduct. Waldron was charged with appropriating $350 belonging to a client and Sindlinger's offense was SUMMARY OF THE WORK. OF THE COLORADO LEGISLAT1 The House bill to provide for the payment of the funeral expenses of ex-Senator H. A. W. Tabor has been reported for printing. Senator Fred W. Parks of Denver, formerly a Silver Republican, has signed the Democratic caucus agree- ment as a Democrat. The speaker appointed as the com- mittee to investigate the abilities of the clerks of the House: Messrs. Sch~ei- gert, Ballinger, Madden, Gareia and McGulre. The House passed Mr. Stubb's bill. H. B. 71. restoring the death penalty, and substituting electrocution for hanging, by a vote of 41 to 24, after in- effectua~ attempts to amend it so as to restore hanging. S. B. 78. by Mr. Annear, provides for the election of a labor commissioner by the people, giving the head of the labor department the appointment as his assistants, two boiler inspectors, two coal mine inspectors and a clerk. TheDenver News, after mentioning ~a number of the "orators" in the Leg- islature, adds: "And last, there are some who do not talk. Mr. Taylor is an example. But those who think he ! doesn't know all that passes should note how promptly he votes when his iname is called." Senator Taylor of Glenwood Springs recently took occasion to call the at- tention of the Senate ~o the numerous mistakes made in the records. He charged that many illiterate and in- competen~ clerks were drawing pay and intimated that they had no busi- ness to be there. Governor Orman recently appointed three members of the state board of health. The only member reappoint- ed was Dr. Hubert Work of Pueblo. The two new members are Dr. John A. Whiting of Teller county and Dr. O. J. Mayas of Park county. These two succeed Dr. L. E. Lemen of Den- ver and Dr. D. I. Christopher. These are unsalaried places. Au important labor bill before the Legislature is Mr. Tanquary's S. B. 88, which provides' for free employment agencies and free reading rooms in connection with agencies, the entire system to be under the control of the state labor commissioner. Tb, e bill provides two free employment offices for Denver. and one free employment office in Pueblo, Leadville, Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek, a total of six. Separate apartments for men and women are provided for in the bill, in addition to a reading room at each place. The following blils have been favor- ably reported to the House: By the committee on education, H. B. 242, for a uniform per diem for boards of con- trol. By the committee on state insti-" utions, H. B. 259. to appropriate $15,- 000 for a barn at the state agricultural colleges. By the committee o~ fish, for- estry and game, H. B. 249, for the preservation of state forests; H. B. 171, to establish a fish hatchery in the up- per ,part of the South Platte river val- ley. By the committee on counties and county lines. H. B. 234. relating to the removal of county seats. Senator Moore's eight-hour amend: ment, which has been recommended for passage by the Senate in commit- tee of the whole, reads as follows: "The General Assembly shall provide by law and shall prescribe suitable penalties for the v~olation thereof, for ends by cheating the wholesaler of hi money. The measure as passed rides that a sale of any portion of stock of merbandise otherwise than i] the ordinary course of trade ular and usual prosecution of the er's busines~ or a sale of an stock of merchandise in bulk, will prima facto evidence of fraud and wi: be void as against the creditors of seller, unless the seller and shall at least ten days before the make a full detailed Inventory showin~ the quantity and cost price to the of each article included in the sale. an~ unless such purchaser shall, at ten days before the sale. make of the seller as to the names and of residence or paces of each and all of the creditors of the er and unless the purchaser shall least ten days before the sale each of the seller's creditor of the posed sale. The Joint resolution introdm Senator Taylor of Glenwood to combat the claims of Kansas in gard to the waters of the river reads as follows: "Whereas, Legislature of the state of Kansas adopted a Senate'concurrent r, instructing the attorney general of state to employ legal asistance bring m~it at once against the state o Colorado and o~r citizens to the further diversion of the waters the Arkansas river for irrigation put poses; and. whereas, it is the sense the Thirteenth General Assembly o: the s~ate of Colorado that the citizen~ of this state have an unquestioned gel and moral right to continue to di vert the waters of said stream for rlgatton purposes in this state: therefore, be it resolved, by the the House of Representatives concur ring, that the attorney general of thi~ state be and he hereby is instructed employ such counsel and take such fur ther steps as may be necessary in premises and to protect the legal of Colorado to the use of the waters the Arkansas river." The Senate has passed the road bill which proposes to inau a system of permanent road im ment iu Colorado. The bill that "the boards of county ors of the several counties of the may levy a property tax. for road poses which should not each $100 to be levied and the same manner and at the same as other property taxes are levied collected each year. Boards of counU commissioners shall appropriate least twenty-five per cent. of such fund for permanent road work, as grading, making stone or other manent culverts and bridges, and making of firm roadbeds. The so setapart shall be used ly of road districts. For this boards of commissioners are ed to employ person~ other than road overseers. The "money so printed shall not be used for ordiz repain~ shall be kept in a separate and shall not be transYem~d to the ge~ oral road fund or any other fund. Th{ balance of such road tax. after the proprtation for permanent road shall have been taken therefrom. be appropriated for general work in the several road districts the county." Colorado's Debt. Senate Bill No. 228, by Senator domrtdge, providing for a constitutlo~ uttering a fraudulent check.. . a period of employment not to exceed Pueblo veterans have formed a soot- eight hours in_any twenty-four (except sty to beknown as the Association of ] in cases of emergency, where life or Veterans of the Spanish-American property is iu danger) for persons, em- ployed in undergrodnd mines or un- War. A. K. Lewis of Company A, First Colorado, was elected president, and Alfred D: Runyan of Company A, Thirteenth Minnesota. secretary. Thir- ty members are already enrolled. on February 2nd the Eaton School Board decided to cruse the schools, possibly for two weeks, owing to light attendance occasioned by grip, a few scarlet fever cases and the fear some people entertained of smallpox, though the latter was not in evidence. In the case of the county of Pueblo against Wilson P. Gartley and his sureties, the Supreme Court ruled that the District Court of Pueblo had erred in not holding that a county treasurer should pay over to his successor the moneys collected as interest on coun- ty funds. The cause was remanded for a new trial. The Greeley Business Men's Social Club, whieh has lived and prospered for eight years, elected the following officers for the ensuing year on the 6th inst.: President, Jesse S. Gale; vice president, William Mayher; secretary, C. N. Jackson; treasurer, Clarence Nelll; directors, F. F. Lemmon, W. C. Wilson, Judge Smith, H. D. Parker, Frank Stockover. In a saloon quarrel at Pueblo on the evening of the 9th inst., David Allen, keeper of the saloon, and his brother, Arthur Allen, were shot by William P Campbell, colored porter at the hotel. David Allen died within a few minutes and Arthur was dangerously wounded. Following up a previous quarrel the brothers attacked Campbell in the em- ployes' dining room of the hotel. The mountain stage running between Red mountain and Ouray was caught in a snow slide near the Yankee Girl mine in Ironton on the afternoon of the 5th inst., and the half dozen passen- gers narrowly escaped going over a precipice several hundred f~et high. The old mountain stage was rolling along over the tortuous mountain trail when the attention of the driver 0nd passengers was attracted by a m~mb- ling~ sound resembling distant thunder. Looking up the mountain side they saw. an avalanche of snow, ice and debris rapidly moving down upon them. The party became terror-stricken and the horses were lashed into a mad race for life. Just before reaching ~ae trail the shale split, the greater portion pass- ing to the rear of the stage. Th~ horses were struck by the slide and completely buried in fifteen feet of snow. A small portion of the slide truck the coach, turning it over on its side and affording a soft place for the passengers to fall. None of the pas- sengers were injured and after several hours spent in extricating the horses the stage continued to Ouray, arriv- Ing about 6 o'clock in the evening, .~ derground workings, blast furnaces, smelters, or any ore reduction works or other branches of industry or labor that the General Assembly may con- sider injurious or dangerous to h*ealth life or limb." Mr. Seldomridge has introduced a joint memorial to Congress condemn- ing the methods of our government in the Philippines. and declaring that "We have betrayed their good faith, have invaded their territory, burned their homes, laid wast~ their lands, and killed many thousands of their inhabitants in unrighteous warfare." The memorial which is quite length~', quotes the sayings of a number of our great statesmen and concludes as fol- lows: "In view of these considerations your memorialists beg of your honor- able body that the provisions of our treaty with Spain be no longer neglect- ed; and that acting in the spirit of true Americanism, a pledge of liberty and of independence should at Once be ex- tended tOthe Philippine people." ~enator James W. Buckiin is receiv- ing letters from all parts of the world in relation to his proposed constitu- tutional amendment to introduce the Australian land tax in Colorado. He originally had published 1,000 copies of his report on the subject, but this issue was long ago exhausted and he has ordered 20,000 more. Senator Buckll~ has opened letters from nearly every state and territory in the Union, from most of the provinces of Canada, from Cuba, the Hawaiian islands, *Australia, Alaska and other countries. Many are from members of legislative bodies and tax commissions. It is said to be the purpose of the House to bunch all bills bearing on revenue and consider them all In con- necuon with H. B. I when it comes from the committee now cotmidering it, This will enable members to sug- gest amendments intelligently and com- bine the best thought of the House in one bill, avoiding a multiplicity of bills possibly inconsistent with each other. The Republican of the 17th inst. says: Word from Senator William H. Meyer is that his rheumatism is still mo~t se- vere and may prevent his attendance on the Legislature at all. In the mean- time the other member~ commiserate with Senator Farwell, the solitary Re- publican. He can make motions, but be has no one to second them. When he is given an opportunity to be heard it ia by courtesy of the majority. If he had Mr. Meyer to assist him he might bring up man~ matters that he would like to have discussed. ~n important bill passed by the Sen. ate is S. 13. 159, in the interest of wholesalers. Under the present law retailers securing goods on credit some, times nell out and make money at beth al amendment to take care of the debtedness of the state, gives a state ment of the debt already accrued. The first part of the proposed amend. meat is to provide against the piling of another such debt as that now faces the state, and the part provides for the payment of entire debt which now exists. It is set forth in section 1 that tl~ state shall not contract any debt except for the purpose of erecting pubfi{ buildings for the use of the state, t{ suppress.insurrection, defend the, stat~ or, in time of war, to assist the natio~ al government. The present constit~ lion is construed by many to for the same thing, but instead o~ par ticularly setting forth that maney~ shall be expended for the state by thi governor only in times of war and t~ surrection, it adds "cases of emev geney," which has been construed governors to cover all manner of e~ peases and deficiencies. The expres! language of Senator Seldomridge'~ amendment will leave no doubt abom this matter. The bill further proposes that th{ debt in any one year for public build ing~ shall not exceed one-half mill o~ each. dollar of valuation of property within the stant. It is furthel proposed that it shall not be lawft~ for the General Assembly to appropr~ ate money except for insurrections an4 war, in excess of the revenue for thl preceding two years: At present ap proprlatlons, are mane on anticipated revenue. Then it proposes this disposal of th{ present indebtedness by an issue oi four per cent, bends tb be sold at no~ less than par value: Warrants now held In the puhlla school fund of the state to the amount of ......................... $44~,~0.9 On which warrants there will be due on Novembe# ~0, 1902, ac- rued interest amounting to.... 40L4~9.~ Which interest will then be sub- Ject to dlstrlbutiol~ among the public schools of the state; Warrants belonging to other state funds amounting to ....... 61,105.$ On which w~ there will be due on November 80, 190~, .ac- crued interest amounting b .... ~,66~.~ Warrants belonging to private ' , persons amounting to ............ 279,2~.S On which warrants there will he due November ~0, 1902, accrued tnteres~. amounting to ............ 248,~/~.~ The bill then estimates the deflclenc~ of the Thomas administration~witl inter~t--at $198,8~5.~5 and proposes bond issue to pay this amount besidet the following sums: Soldiers' and Sailors' home ...... $ 20 000.0 Penitentiary .............. ~ ........~000.0 University. ..................... : 701000.~ Insane asylum .... ~. .............. 19., .~46"/. Certificates of indebtedness ..... ~l,~.~l Stock destroyed by order Of veterinary hoard ............... ~, 500.@ Scalp bounties .................... ~5~000.0 Accrued interest. to November" '" $0, 1902 .. .......................... ~,7~.~[ Warrants issued for the state capitol building ..... . ........ ...: ~,077.0 On which warrants there wilt be Novemher 80, 190~, aocrued interest of ....................... 105.1~.$ TO~o lndebtednmm of Colo---