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February 20, 1936     The Saguache Crescent
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February 20, 1936
 

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,News Reviewof Current Events the World Over Norris Urges Congress to Curb Supreme Court--Oratory on Lincoln Day--Death of Charles Curtis--- Long Newspaper Tax Invalid. By EDWARD W. PICKARD 0 W~mtera NewslHLper Union, SPEAKING,. in advocacy of the admtn- ~trati0n s substitute farm bill. Benetor Norris, the independent Re- publican frOm Nebraska, seathtngly at- tacked the Supreme court's AAA declsioo and urged congress to use its right to curb the court's power. He argut~ that the 6 to 3 decision Itself was un- constitutional by the Court's own re~soning and shouted "It can- not stand:' . "The reg0lation of agricultural produc- t Senator finn, theY say, is un- 1 Norris constitutional because mot mentioned in the Constitution," ~orris asserted. "Nowhere in that great document is there a~ syllable, a .word, or a sentence givLng to anY court the right to declare an act of congress unconstitutional Hence, when the court indulges in that pas- time it is itself Violating the Constitu- tion according to its own words." i Norris quoted from the majority t~pinion of the Supreme court holding that the regulation and control of grieultural production was a local af- fair reserved to the at~ee and beyond the power of congress. U~der that de- cAsion, he declzred, not only the pend- |ng bill but "a large portion of the laws which congress has passed dur- |ng the last hundred years re abso- |utely unconstitutional." ~of0f the later decisfon~ordering return processing taxes to the processors. the senator said Secretary Wallace ~erhalm was too severe In calling It ~he greatest legalized steal In history, and dded: "But it is a gift. the RTeetest gift since God made salvation free." Norris urged that congress pass a law requiring unanimous decisions by the Supreme court to overrule the acts of the legislative branch of the gov- ernment~ 'T INCOLN day was the occasion for !-J a flood of oratory, largely by Re- ~ublfcan opponents of the New DeaL Herbert Hoover spoke at Portland, Ore.. on the ~State of the Union,N which he said was a state of confuslon in though~ government, oconomlclife nd the ideals of liberty. "The New ,Deal," said the former President. "has been a veritable fountain of fear. The day after the New Deal was given life at the election of 1932 began the great fear which created the bank panic of March 4. The stock boom today is not from confidence In the future; It is partly f?om fear of in- flation." In Greensboro, N. C., Senator Dick- lnsen of Iowa warmly defended the Supreme court as "the only remaining guardian of the liberty of the people," and Inveighed against what he ssld ~vea the New Deal's "planned econ- omy,~ and Its "attempted bribery of the states" tkrough the Invalidated AAA and Its proposed substitute, the Indianapolis, defe~ided the~administra- ~lon. Referring t9 the Constitution, he declared that "most of us" thought the agriculture adjustment act was valid, and "some of us, including three Jastlces of the Supreme court, think /so still." b~ore |hat ~rept~entative and seas. fer from Kansa& died suddenly of heart disease at the Washington home of hls brother-in-law and sister. Mr. and Mrs. Edward E~ Gann. ~ Hs was seventy-slx years old, and WU ,the first man of Indian blood ever to prealdo over the asate. He wae one-quarter Kw In. allan, his grandmother lmving been Princess ~/ulle of that tribe who ChaHu married a French rOY- Curtis ageur. In his boyhood Curtis was JockeY, and later n reporter. Having studied law, he became a prosecutor at the age of twenty-four In Shawnee county, Kansas, nd wag elected to fongrese in 189"2. He was made sen- ator in 1907, was defeated in 1912; and two years later was again elected senator, He was elected Vice Preai- dent on the ticket headed by Herbert Hoover, and was renominated for that position in 1932. caused genuine ~ef. President Roose- ~wlt said : *'I old friend they knew the Vies Presl, or as the Vice President Garner seld: "I was always fond of him. I was associated with him in the house and senate. ~He was fine man and a good friend," Funeral services for Mr. Curtis and the Interment were in Topeka. Kan* ONCE again the Supreme court of the United States comes to the rescue of a free press. Unanimously the nine Justices ruled that the Louisi- mm law Imposing a punitive tax on the advertising of the principal newspa- pers of that state is unconstitutional. The law was passed by a legislature controlled by the late Senator Huey Long. The court tmld of it: ~It is bad because, in the light of its history and of its present setting, it is seen to be a deliberate and cal- culated device In the guise of a tax to limit the circulation of information to which the public is entitled In virtue of the constitutional guarantee. "A free press stands as one of the great interpreters between the govern- ment and the people. To allow it to be fettered Is to fetter ourselves. Win view of the persistent search new subjects of taxation, It is not without significance that, with the single .exception of the Louislan~ statute, so far as we can discover, no state during the 150 years of our ha. tloual existence has undertaken to Impose a tax lika that now in ques- L~on. "The form In which the tax is Im- posed is in itself suspicious. It Is not measured or limited by the volume of advertisement, It is measured alone by the extent of the circulation of the publication In whldh the advertise- ments ar~ carried, with the plain pur- pose of penalizing the publlkhers and curtai]|ng the circulation of a selecte~ group of newspaper&" LETTERS have been sent by Pres. ldent Roosevelt to the heads of the Latin-American governments inviting them to participate in a Pan-American Conference, probably In Washington, the purpose of whlcl~ will be to or- ganize the peace machinery o~ the western hemisphere. Our State ~e- partment says the meeting will ~n- deavor to provide means for adjusting lnternatinonal disputes by peaceful means. The conference may bring up the Monroe Doctrine for a new deft- nitlon through multilateral endorse- ment. pRESIDEN~ WILLIAM l~ RANSOM of the American Bar absocation, with headquarters in Chicago, an- nounced that Newton D. Baker, for. mar secretary of war. has accepted , the chairmanship of th~ association's special committee" on co-oper- atlon ~ between the press, radio" and bar against publlfity In. terfertng with fair trial of ~udlclal and quasi-Judicial proceed- lags. The creation of thl~ N. D. Baker special committee to define Standards to be recommended to lawyers, nev/spapers and radio broad. casters in the matter of publicity as to court trials, sald the announcement, Is an outcome of the incidents arising in the course of the Bruno HaUptmann trial and various proceedings before governmental boards and bodies. "and It is hoped that such standards can be made effective through rules of court or through legislation." ACCORD~ING to the London Daily Herald~ a secret decree providing for expulsion of all Jews from Get. many as rapidly as-pouible has been prepared by Nazi leaders and lald be- fore Chancellor Hitler for his signa- ture. The paper said the decree pro- vlded for the confiscation of all prop- arty of expelled Jews. This story may not be true, but there is no doubt that Hitler and his assocl. atea are determined to extirpate all the organizations and groups which they consider In opposition to the Nasl regime, and Hitler himself has de- elated the Jews are to blame for all fhe troubles of the releh In recent years. Scores of Catholic youth lead- ers have been arrested, charged with co-ope~atlon with illegal Communist groups, and it is predicted their or- ganizations Will be dissolved. / The campaign Is curried on with great secrecY. It wu announced in Berlin that district ~erm~ henceforth would take order~ from the Gestapo, the secret state polle~ This was in. terpreted as an indication of an Is. mediate t~rrylng out of promises by Nazi leaders for more rntbleM, more determined action against enemies within the r~cb~ pRESIDENT ~IdkZARO CARDENAS of Mexico went to Monterrey to investigte a ~ppa~ of business and iud~ in protest against labor iron. bles attributed to ~omnmnists. He issued this ultimatum: ~Employers their Industries to the workers or the government--that would be patriotic. But Stoppage of nctivltlea cannot be countenahcod." i ME~CA'8 delegates to the r~val I BR ISBA NE conference In London consented to an agreement that would bind this country for five years or more to re- frain from building any more cruisers in excess of 8,000 tons in size When THIS WEEK the news reached Washington there was Immediate and loud protest congress against what was termed "colossal blunder." High ranking navy officlals refused to comment officially upon the Lon- don agreement, but said privately that any program which does not include the co-operatlon of Japan and Get. many Would be a failure. Any agreement will not affect the navy's present building program, these officials pointed out, and they refused to be alarmed about the prospect of future limitations. TRIAL of the assassins of King Al- exander of Jugoslavia at Mar- seilles came to an end at Aix-en-Prov- ence, France. with verdicts of guilty for the six defendants. For three of the band of Croats, members of the secret Ustachl society, who were ap- prehended, mercy was recommended and they were given sentences of life Imprisonment in French Guiana. The others, who never were caught, .were sentenced to death. One of the latter Is Dr. Ante Pavelich, reputed head of the UstachL ELMER B. O'HARA. Democratic state chairman of Michigan and former clerk of Wayne county, which includes Detroit; State Senator A. J. Wllkowskl and 16 others of lesser prom- Inence were convicted in Detroit of having attempted to steal the 1934 election. Eight defendants in the re- count case, which had been on trial for nearly 12 weeks, were acquitted. Two other defendants previously had pleaded guilty. Elmer B. thus bringing to 20 O'Hara the number facing sen- tense for their part in the vote recount conspiracy. For O'Hant, the verdict came as the culmination of a series of calami- ties in a brief political career. Last November a Jury in Macomb county, adjacent to Wayne, round'him guilty of bribery In a drainage transaction in connection with real estate deals he had made before 1932 when he en- tered politics and was elected Wayne county clerk. He awaits sentence under xhat conviction. After conviction he was removed from office. In the recount case O'Hara was found guilty on three count~ permitting others to alter ballots, conspiring to permit others to alter ballots, and con- spiring to permit others to conduct the recount in an unlawful manner and change the result of the November. 1934, election by putting Demoeratf In office instead of the Republicans elected. LEADERS of congress hope for an early adjournment, by Ma~y I at the latest, and therefore they "pushed the new farm bill forwardv trying to get it through both houses without much delay. In their desire to get away from the Capital, they already had decided to let the proposed per- manent neutrality legislation go by the board. The farm bill as rewritten by the senate agriculture committee is based on the soil erosion prevention scheme. Some Democrats Joined with many Re- publicans in opposing the measure, one of them being Senator Walsh of Mas- sachusetts. In a statement Issued to the press he declared it was a "dan- gereus" bill conferring 'autocrstlc and blanket authority" on the secretary of agriculture. He said the measure was "neither valid In law nor vatld in sour#ore lea." Chairman Dougbton of the house ways and means committee said be expected definite word from the White House or treasury soon on the amount and kind of taxes that might be im- posed to finance the new farm pro- gram. Speaker Byrns said be could see no reason why the tax measure should not emerge from the committee by the end of February. ACTION against John J. Raskob, former chairman of the Demo- cratic nat~oual committee when AI Smith was the Presidential nominee, and who is now presi- dent of the American bI~eebertY league, has n .begun by the government for an al- leged deficiency of $1,- 026,340 on his 1929 Income taxes. claim waj filed in an amendmdnt to the pe- tition recently filed against Pierre S. du Pont two days before Al Smith had bitterly J" J" Raskob assailed the New DeaL. In the peti- tion, which Razkob described as "New Deal perseeuUou," Mr. du Pont was alleged to have understated his 1929 -income by $2.897,832 and an addi- tions| tax of ~-7~10 was asked. In the amended petition acouslng Mr. Raskob, It was alleged that he and the industrialist engaged in "fictitious" sales of s~-"uHfles, one to the o~er to a total of about $30,000,000 for the purpose of ~Imwing losses. RS. HUEY P. LONG, widow o~ M tbe slain senator from Loulsian/t, took her seat In the senate to complete Huey's unfinished term. becoming the second woman member of the upper house. After eleven months she will be succeeded by Alien Allender. speak- er of the Louisiana house of represent. ativea, who wu nominated for the reg u}ar term-" ,ere Are UacfRl ~A Leisure Class, Also A Real American Offense tlnd Defense The Supreme court says: "The free press stands as one of the~great in- terpreters between the government and the people. To let It be fettered is to f e t t e r ourselves." Certainly; the news- paper is to a nation what speech Is to an individual, and it is to the crowd what a looking glass Is to the in- divldJml. H I s t o r y will ~udge s people by its newspapers. Arthur ~risb~ne its laws. Its thea- ters, and It will have reason to crit- icize us. Mr. J. Plerpont Morgan, repeating what Aristotle said before him, said civilization needs a leisure class, and defined as the "leisure class" those that keep a hired girl. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, thought- ful and wise, improves that definition ; a leisure elass for her is made up of individuals that '*have sufficient eco- nomic security and sufficient leisure to find opportunity for a variety of satis- factions In life." Charles Fourier, French phllosopl~er, said it long ago, and elaborately. Hen- ry Ford said it well. advocating s short work week, with two days off. that men might have time to spend pleasantly the earnings of five days. All that will come, and more. In the past men worked too hard. while paid and fed too llttle, and never dreamed of Mrs. Roosevelt's '~varled " while the prosperous, as a rule, concentrated too much on foolish satisfactions. All that knew him learn with sor- row of the sudden death of Charles Curtis, form~er Vice President of the United States. He was an American, a real one, proud of the red Indian blood In his veins. As a boy he rode horse races well and honestly; as a man, he rode the political race fairly. As Vice President he was content with the positlon that the American people and Constitution gave him. He would have made a good and loyal President had destiny so willed it. The newspaper heading, "Britain Is redoubling her defense plans to offset Germany," should interest somebody in America. This country Is not plan- ning to "offset Germany," but it has all Europe, including Russia and all Asia, to think about In these flying days. We should perfect our "defense plans" and particularly our attack plans. Then we should ask the world to look over our equipment and reall~ that It would be foolish to attack. Senator Pittman of Nevada sees Ja- pan shutting us out of China, "even at the risk of war"; s~ys our business men "have been run Out of Manchuria already." Japan might reply that her workingmen have been run out of the United States. The map will comfort Senator Pitt- man. Gigantic ~anchukuo, bigger than all of old Japan, leans up agalast Outer Mongolia and Soviet Russia. Japan will not invite trouble wlth those countries, and war with the United States would Invite ft. If you wonder "where all the tax money goes," read this : "In six months the state of New York pald $801,612 for official automo- bile expense." And that does not include automo- biles for the department of mental hygiene. One official discharged his chauffeur, pald by taxpayers, accus- Ing him of cheating ~be state out of in one year through dishonest and repair vouchers. That is almost "a business." "Charlle" Schwab may be seventy years old, but he still "knows hls way around." The government tried to get $19,654,856 from Schwab's Beth- lehem Steel company, alleging prof- Iteering. Instead of giving the govern- ment $19,000,000, the "special master," e hearing evidence, says the government must pay $5,666,154 to Schwab and Bethlehem Steel. No wonder Carne- gle, who was Scotch, thought a good deal of Schwab. Dr. G. A. Stevenson, "fellow" in the University college of Oxford, suggests to the London Times that the pax Ro- maria ("Roman peace") of ancient times, when Rome ruled the world and would allow no fighting, should be followed now by a pax Britannica ("British peace"), England ruling~ the world, telling everybody what to do. American Olympic athletes appear- ing on the field in Germany met with gloomy silence, contrasting with ap- plause for Europenn and Oriental Olympic squads. The Americans, wlao defeated Germany at hockey, score 1 to 0, will survive the silence, Had they been wiser, they would have stayed nt home. A German-Jewlsk player, Rudi Bali, by the way, walt the star hockey player for the Get~ sans. King Features SYndicate. Inc. Colorado State News Cap tal lia lllty of Railway Savings and Building Association has been re- duced to $2,215,682. The United States bureau of roads has vetoed plans of the State Highway Department to use more horses on road projects. Fifty women from ten Weld county towns organized the Weld County Federation of Farm Women's Clubs at Greeley. Glen Shultz, many-time wlI~ner of the Pikes Peak hill climb, die~ at his home in Colorado Springs recently, after a long period of Illness. The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph ~ompany will build an ad- dition to its office building in Colorado Springs. The addition will cost $50,000. Three groups of army reserve engi- neering officers from the seventh corps area are being given two weeks' training each at Fort Logan, home post of the second engineers. Purchase of three tracts of land ad- Joining the Colorado State College of Education in Greeley has been ap- proved by the State Executive Council. The tracts wilt cost a total of $7,- 130.68. Colorado's application to the PWA and the RFC for a $25,000,000 high- way construction loan will receive favorable action within two months, Governor Johnson predicted on his re- turn from Washington. Work was started on the four new buildings at the state hospital in Pueblo after Attorney General Paul Prosser advised architects and Hos- pital Superintendent H. F. Zlmmerman that contract difficulties had been settled. Earl Waldron, 28. alias Earl Mc- Cabe, pleaded guilty in District Court at Colorado Springs to two charges of robbery with a gun and was sentenced to spend from fourteen to thirty-five years in the state penitentiary at Canon City. Gasoline t a x collections totaled $474,800 in January, of which $128,300 will be distributed to the counties. The State] Highway Department re- ceived $332,300, and ~14,200 went into the special highway fund for use in cries. Increased mining activity, particu- larly in Colorado, is reflected in a rec- ord registration at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden. A total of 532 students are registered for the second semester, ten morse than in the previous record second semester, in 1932. Plans for the thirty-seventh annual convention of the VeteranA of Foreign Wars which will bring 30,000 to Den- ver in September will be worked out through conferences within the next ten days with national officials by members of the local executive com- mittee preparing for the event. Members of the Western Colorado 'Protective Association and state offi- cials will gather in Grand Junction Feb. 27 and ~8 for a state-wide water conservation conference, D. W. AUp- perle, president of the organization, announced. "We will attempt to per- fect a conservation pro~tram for Colo- rado through obtaining works to an- quire priorities through beneficial use," Aupperle said. Colorado's army of relief workers employed by the Works Progress ad- ministration and other governmental agencies number about 45,726., Of thu total, 42,233 are on the WPA payrolls, while other agencies reported 3,493. Relief officials estimate there are still 11,200 persons in the state who were on the relief rolls and are entitled to a job, but who cannot be employed because the state's quota of workers has been exhausted. A total of $340,000 has been appor- tioned by State Treasurer Charles M. Armstrong to county "old age pension funds, an increase of $40,000 over the January appor~tionment. Of the sum allocated, $233,400 came from liquor department revenues, $100,000 from the sales tax and the rest from inheri. tance and corporation taxes. Denver's share of the allotment was $94,546.41. Pueblo county received ~21,689.62 and Weld county $9.1,380.75. Plans for a state-wide division of the recently organized North American Wild Life Conference were made re- cently by R. G. Parvln, state game and fish commissioner. Chapters will be organized in all counties, with a chairman for each. The sl~ty-three county chairmen will elect a state chairman who, with state chairmen from Utah, Arizona and New Mexico, will select a regional chairman. EI- liott Barker, game and fish warden of New Mexico, ~has been named temp~ rary regional chairman. Ralph A. Nicholas, collector of In- ternal revenue for Colorado, an- nounced that although in certain meri- torint~s cases extensions can be grant- ed for filing of federal income tax blank& these extensions will ba held to the absolute minimum this year. Nichols. who said he is obeying or- ders from the Department of Internal Revenue, asserted the basic purpose of the new policy is to ascertain as quickly as possible the liability of taxpayers and~prevent some from cov- ering up their net galas. Denver ranks seventh l~ spendable money income per family, ninth in in- come tax returns per 1,000 popula- tion and eleventh in retail purchasing Per family among the ninety-seven ma- ~or counties of the United States, ac- cording to ~ bulletin issued by the Chamber of Commerce. The chamber uses figures froma nation-wide survey conducted by the magazine, "Sales M~magoment." to show Denver income tax returns number sixty-four per 1,000 population, the spendable money in- come per family is $3,207 and the re. purelm~es per family, $1,843. Duti~ of Secret Service Are Numerous and VaHeJ The secret service division of the Department of the Treasury is charged with the protection of the, President of the United States, his family and the President-Elect; with the suppression of counterfeiting; with the investigation of violations of the farm loan act, the war finance corporation not, section 704 of the World war adjusted compen- sation act. and the act of December IL 1926, relating to the counterfeit- lag of government transportation re- quests; and with such other matters relating to the Treasury department as are directed by the secretary of the treasury. NO UPSETS The proper treatment for a bilious child / 111111 Irlipl ' . Lm numunMIo A cleansing dose fodag; a smallee quantitp tomorrow; le~ each timb_" until bowels need no help at all. &NY mother knows the rease~ z-x when her child stops playing, eats little, is hard to manage. Constipation. But what a pity so few know the sensible way to set things rightl The ordinary laxatives, of ~l~n ordinary strength, must be e~d y regulated-as to dosage. A li~d ]axative is the ~, mothers. The answer to all your worriss over constipation. A li~d can be measured. The dose can be exactly suited to any ego or need. Just reduce the dose each time. until the bowels are moving of their ow~t~ accord and need no help. This treatment will succeed with any child and mith ang adult. The doctors use liquid laxatives. Hospitals use the liquid fflrm. If it is best for their use, it is best @or home use. The liquid laxative n~st families use is Dr. Caldwelrz Syrup Pepsin. Any druggist has it. Don't be dl~oueaged I Make up your mind to try and have the clear, fresh skin you admire in others I Thoueanda have found the secret in Cutieura treatments. 80 simple, too [ The ~oap soothes and elea~the Ointment relieves and helps to heaL You'll n~r- V~! at the dlff~renc~ Cuticura makes. Buy ~tteura at your ~L~et'& Soap 2~c. Ointment 25e. FREE sample of each on request. Write "Cuticura." Dept. 9. Malden. Malts. DO you suffer bumlng, ~ or too |r~luent udnation~ bscks~hsw hesdacha, dizziness, loss oF energy,~ Je9 pains, swellings and puffin~ under the eyes? Are you tired, nerv- ous---feel all un~ng end don't know what is wrong? The. glv soma thought to yo.r kidneys.Be sute they function proper- ly for ~unciionsl kidney diso~ p,m- m~ts excess wage to stay in the blond, end to poison and upset the whole system. Use Doen's~ PUla Do~'~s sm for the kidnzys only, They me recommended the world over. You can get the gen* uine, time-lestnd Doea's st any dm~ stO~So m r - WNU--M No Need to Suffer "MorningSickness" '~Vlornlr~ sicime~" -- is cam~t by tm acid condition. To avoid it, acid must I~ offset by a/ka//s -- such as magnesia. Why Physkians Recommend Milnesia Wafers These mint.flavered, candy-like wafe~ me, pure milk of magnesia in solid fm!a--- the most pleasant way to take it. wafer is approximately equal to ~/full adult doee~oftiquid milk o~magnesi~ Chewed thoroughly, then ~owed, they curt'set acidity in the mouth and throughout the digestive system and insure cute& com- p/et~ ~ of the waste matters th~ cause gas, headaches~ bloated feelings an& a do~en other discomforts. - Mi]ne~a Wa~ers come in bottles ofgO ~md~ 48, at 85e and 60c respectively, and i~ mnvenient tins for your handbag contain- mg 12 at 20c. Each wafer is approximately one adult dose of milk of magnesia. AI~ good drug ~tores sell andrvcommend them. Start uMng theee ddideus, effeeUve~ r mfli4K:id, gentl7 laxative wahtre today Profeasional sample~ sent ~ee to re~ physicians or dentists if_~quest m mad~ an professionalletterhead. S,d~t lie.., 440~ 23rd ft., ~ Islmd City, N. Y.. 35c & 60c bottles O 2O,: Sins lrl, e O./~m,/~ .,t Ma~,,,,~s W,,~e. b i: t l: t C e n L e b