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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
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February 20, 1936     The Saguache Crescent
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February 20, 1936
 

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THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT ....... I I " I I . I . Ill l l Ke eping U.p en :e 0 Scionce 8erwiee.~WNU ~erv~ Ehmination of Headlight Glare With New Material May Also Make Three- Dimension Movies Possible mn BOSTON.--A new optical ma- terial which promises to save thousands of lives now snuffed out in night driving because of headlight glare is announced by the Land Wheelwright "Labora- ~ tories of this city. Known as polaroid, the new mate- rial Is also to be used for sun glasses which take away light dazzle without darkening the slew, and even more lmporHnt, make possible motion plc- tures in three dimensions that have the optical Illusion of depth similar to viewing a scene with the naked eye. Other uses promised Include one-way glass for cross-court privacy In apart- ment buildings and brilliant building exteriors that change color as one Walks by. Substance-Polarizes Light, Polaroid resembles a sheet of gla~s but has the ability to polarize the light which passes through It. Now ready to be produced In unllmlted quantities, the new material is the first practical use of whaE has formerly been a lab- oratory and research phenomenon. Polarized light is light which vi- brates only in one direction In con- trast to the helter-skelter vibrations in the ordinary light nay. ' The best way to think of the,complex Phenomenon is to regard ordinary light vlbFatlons as a mass of straws tossed up in a wind. They are blown against a picket fence. All straws are stopped except those parallel to the slats In the fence 'and nil straws coming through are lined no in one directlnn. The material polarized acts as the picket fence. Would Ban Blinding Headlight. For use in automobiles all headlights would send out p.lhrlzed light vibrat- ing in one direction and all windshields wouhl be "crossed" .~o that they wouhl not permit such headiigilt rays to enter t and blind the driver. The itch! from one's own headlights Would --strik~ the -gronnd ahead, he Scattered with a destruction of the t polarization and hence such light would enter the car and make possible vision down the road Just as headlights act now. The three-dl~ensionai mo~lon pie- lures are taken with a double camera ha~ln~ two lenses as far apart as the human eyes. When such films are Shown the two views are projected on the same .~creen tl~rough polarizing sheets set at right an~les to each' other. The audience is supplied with special glasses. k New Auto Sprmgs Look Like Hot Water Bottles; Iron Gives Way to Air DETROIT.~Air springs for autos, consisting of bellows, are being used to replace the ordinary leaf spri'ngs, it was revealed atthe meeting"of the Society of Automotive Engineers here by R. W. Brrnwn. Still Under ex~rimental randy, the air springs io~k somewhat like two large hot water-battles laid one on top of the otl~er. Thromzh tubing they connect witi, an air reservoir, ts rs)ad shocks are encountered! the nl pa se back and forth between bellows and reservolr.. ' t i Tests have already indicated, sa ( Mr. Brown, that the rubberized fabric material in the air springs will stand 8,000,000 two-Linch def0~-mations under 25 per cent overload. Body roll on curves Is eliminated by the use of a small pendulum device hung~lnside the air sprlfig which con- Irols a valve mechanism. By valve action the air pressure on the alr' springs outside (on a given curve) Is malntRlned at a higher pressure than on those on side toward the Inside of the curve. Extreme Skull Distoriion Found in Indian Burial i~ WASHINGTON. -- Calling a a- person a "pinhead" would have d~, [ been a compliment, not an insult, I in at least one tribe of Indians 1t~ that lived in the. South ~hen white i men first came Into that region. Bind- i lag infants' heads *in boards, to make ~ - them higher and more pointed, was carried to Such an extreme that one Y*- old woman's skull, recently found near ~latehltoche& La., ill ,t'Pointed and al- most the shape of a bishop's miter," In tim phrase of the discoverer, Wins. low M. Walker. formerly of the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology here The Indians of this part of the Gulf Country were skilled potters, making beautifully ghap~l bowls and bo~tle~ ornamented with patterns of Incised Iliad- . What Happens to a Victim of Electrocution? Science Here Gives an Answer to the Curious i it WHAT happens in the body when a man is electrocuted? How does an electric current snuff out the spark of life? Can the victim be revived? Questions like these come to mind whenever an electrical accident in the home or in Industry is reported, or when a criminal Is legally executed by electro- cutlon. The questions can be answered, but medical scientists are still working to find a sure way of restoring the vic- tims of accidental electrocution. Victims of certain kinds of electric shock can be resuscitated. The vic- tim of an intentional electrocution, an executed criminal, cannot possibly be restored to life, authorities agree. , Nerve Centers Destroyed. In the legal electrocution, impq~rtant nerve centers in the central nervous system are hopelessly destroyed by the heat generated In the electrocu- tion. A number of physicians have examined the bodies of criminals after such executions, l)r. E. A. Spitzka made 27 such examinations and re- ported to the Medical Society of New Jersey that the temperature of the body rlses and may reach 129.5 degrees FabrenhelL (Normal body tempera- ture Is 98.6' degrees Fahrenheit. Wa- ter bolls at 212 degrees FahrenhelL) The brain of an electrocuted crimi- nal shows hemorrhage of the small blood vessels, anemia of the arteries and congestion in the veins. In some eases parts of the brain and spinal cord are inflated and look as If gas or air had been blown into them. The blood itself can undergo elec- trolysis, be broken up Into electrically charged ions and consequently is d~ composed. Electrocution "Most Humane." Horrible as the details may sound, electrocution ia said to be beyond doubt the "'most humane metlmd of executing criminals." There is no pain, con~,tousness Is at once abol- Ished. death is certain when from 7 to 10 amperes current at 1,800 to 2,0(~1 volts potential are passed through the bodY. What about the all-too-frequent acci- dental electrocutions: the man who reaches from the bathtub In his own home to turn on an electric heater and Is killed by the ll0 volt current of his h~sehold lighting circuit: or the line- man of the telephone CO~apany, work- Ing on a wire carrying a minute cur- rent, too low to shock him. who may nevertheless be fatally shocked if the current Is unexpeetedly stepped up by induction from a nearby transmission line? Artificial respiration may save these victims and slmuld always be tried. starting immediately and contimflng IL for hours, if necessary, until the' pa- tlerLt breathes again or the rigidity of death sets In, New Englanders Lose Famous Accent; Boston Abandons Broad "A" PROVIDENCE. R. I.~New England is losing its famous brand of speech. Even literacy Boston, strong- hold of the broad A,.ia ,succumbing to the example of ,non~Bo~oulau ae. cents heard over the radio, On the movie screen, and In other contacts. Fading of New England's individual way of talking Is detected hy Dr. Hans Karath of Brown university, who has completed the first systematic survey of New England speech ever at- tempted. Tim survey Is for s Linguis- tic Atlas of the United States and ,Can- ada, which Doctor Kurath is direcllng. It has taken four years to survey New England alone, Doctor Kursth re- ports. His staff visited 225 communl. ties, talking with people, and making phonograph records and notations, all the way from the Green mountains to Cape Cod and from Maine to Con- nectlcuL ~ ' Way down east, along the seacoast: New England" phrases and pronuncl~ tions are best holding their own, Doc- tor Kurath learned. A wheelbarrow Is still a "weelbarrow" la a coast vil- lage. And forty is still "foty' with the vowel sonnded like u In'"all." But western : New Englanders prononnce their "r"s and central New Englauders are taking to the western fashion. Feeding Sheep Cornstarch Improves Yield of Wool t LONDON.--Starch is usually thought of in connection with linen or cotton rather than wool; but two English researchers, A. IL H. Fraser and J. E. Nichols, of the Wool Industry Research Association of Leeds, state that they have used cornstarch for the improvement of wool , The use is an Indirect one: they feed the starch to the sheep. But the effects claimed are positive" the sheep, they state, produce more meat In less time, and the yield of wool is Increased In both quantity and quality, individ- ual fibers showing Increase in weight and length. Washlngton.~Five important stones in the New Deal recovery arch have been torn from their New Farm moorings now and, Legislation from all of the com- ments t have been able to pick up, it appears that the general situation has been clarified thereby. Two of the major New Deal Items---the NRT~ and the AAA~have been tossed overboard by the Supreme court of the United States and con- congress, at the request of the Presi- dent, now has thrown three.others Into the limbo of unnecessary things by re- pealing the legislation fSr control of cotton, tobacco and potatoes. These three wlth their parent, the Agricul- tural Adjustment act, represented all that was basic In the New Deal farm program. Ti~e importance of the President's act In requesting repeal of the three compulsory crop-control laws cannot be minimized. Mr. Roosevelt recog- nlzed, when the AAA was invalhlated. that the other three crop-control laws would be of no further use because they were predicated upon the nation- al law. He recognized further that to remain adamant would be only to per- mit delay in invalidathm of those three laws because they were all Imad- ed for an adverse decision i~y the Su- preme court anyway. In seeking their repeal, therefore, Mr, Roosevelt sim- ply took time by tbe forelock and gird- ed his armor for a fresh start on farm relief legislation. Where or in want form tiw new farm legislation will [lnally emerge, none can foretell The house and senate wlll pass some kind of legislation to supplant the laws Invalldaied by the court or repealed by congress. Neces- sarily, this new~ farm leglsiation will be of a stop-gap charac[er and 1 don't be- lieve that any of Its ardent supporters can tell you exactly what the result will be in so far as its effect upon agri- culture is concerned. As far as the compromises have been worked out. it appears that some of the leaders are willing again to enact legislation directed at crop-control in a semi-compulsory manner. If that Is forthcoming, the new law actually will be nothing more than a thinly dis- guised attempt to circumvent the pro- hlbltlons laid down in the Supreme court oplnlon hohling the AAA uncon- stltvtional. In any event, the tragedy In the situation appears to me to be the absence of clear thinking, or else the circumstances we see represent pe. Iltical eowardlCd of the worst type. It is to be remembered that In this ~esslon of congress more than any oth- er since President Roosevelt took of- rice, there exist a greater number of blocs; cross currents of opinion ; par- tlsan Jealousy. A great deal of it Is in opposition to brain trust policies sponsored by tl~e New. Deal but for political reasons the Individuals who oppose these ihln~s dare mot openly show their disapproval of l'resi~dentlal policies as such. Thus, a consensns has arisen among Washington observ- ers that representatives and senators concerned with directing enactment of new farm legislation are likely to mess Up tl~e siinatlon rather than come forlh wltit a definite and workable proposi- tion. The slt,,atlon*a: t:e Whl)e House and In congress in connection with -- agricult ural policies Partisan probably Is the best Pol;tlcs Rule llludtration In a defi- nite. tangible form, of how many Important federal policies are being dealt with in a partisan po- litical way rather than. as they should. be, In a scientific manner with partisan politics In the back.round.- I need not recall how many pieces of legislation have been put through congress bear- Ing a New Deal tag of "must." Of eourse,.Mr. Roosevelt cannot be blamed entirely for issuing orders when con- gress Is willing to ()bey. It is a fact, nevertheless, tltat time after thne Sod with reference to the major New Deal experiments, the legisiathm has I~)en drafted by men serving ureter a Pres- Idential aPlmlntment (,n executive de- partments, the copies forwarded to given representatives or senators and lnstrut'tinns pase~.d along that the ad. mlnistrathm will take no substituie. It wants the speciilc measure and in that form The result of nil Of this has been that in numerous eases legislation wa~ passed without more than a few mem- bers of the house and senate having even read the bills before they @ere asked to cast a favorable vote on their passage. Now, repre~ntstlvea and s~tors ~re seekln~ to dodge the responsibility for their acts. "l'nis was shown defi- nltel~ In the celerity with which con- gress acted on the Presidential request for repeal of the three crop-central acts mined heretofore, l know personally of a consideraifle number of represent- ~tlves and senatol-s who were delight- ed at the opportunity to vote repeal of those laws. They never did like them~after they found out what they had passed. But a politician Is the last person In the world to admit hts mistakes and the representatives and senators who voted f6r repeal of the crop-control laws with such enthu~', asm we~ no different than the othert The repeal request simply gave them an opportunity to get out from under a thing which, If the legislation had g6ne through processes usual and nor. real for congress, they would never have taken In the first place. President Roosevelt likely wlll re- ceive some credit for seeking repeal of the discredited laws. Admits He said If he made His Mistake a mistake he would be the first to admit It. So, now he has in a way admitted" that he grade a mlstake in approving those laws although his statement con- cerning the repeal request was that these were useless witl~out AAA It IS to be noted, however, that long before the Supreme court outlawed AAA there was a growing volume of discontent with the principles timt law sought to apply. It cannot be tlmt Mr. Roosevelt was not aware of tids growing dissatisfaction and that his political advisers smelled a rat be- cause a good many plans for modifica- tion had been under discusslon prl- vately among AAA advisers long be- fore a Supreme court decision was in prospect, Practical men working with Secretary Wallace and Administrator Davis were steadily trying to accom- plish changes in administration of the AAA law, and the three others as well, to make It workable. They were con. fronted, however, with a superabun- dance ~f brain trusters who could make a heautlful case In print for their views and during that time the hraln trusters had the ear of the President while the practical administrators were left out in the cold. It ls thus that we see. a development nnder tbe New Deal whereby most of the responsible people are attempting to dodge tim responsibility that be- longs to them. Some of them are at- tempting to clean their own skirts, or make thetr skirts appear, clean, hy damning the Supreme c~*art; others are tflamlng our "systew~ for failure of the theories to work i~ practical ap- plication and "still other groups polnt tim finger of scorn at th~se charged with administration of the ag~euitural policy, blaming them for the f~tllure. Things Ilke this have developed before In Washington and have died down ~in due time but I believe that seldom. If ever, has oeeurred a situation in whieh the responsibility was so general and the blame so generally denied by those responsible. Washington observers are watching the President's latest maneuvers on govermneut finance Must Cut with considerable ln- Borrowing teresL The Presi- dent, you know. al- ready has told agencies of the govern- ment timt arc equipped wlth borrowing Power that they must reduce this borrowing. He has, In effect, with- drawn from them authorization that would have permitted the borrowing of about $1,000,000,000 during the next y, gar. During the last few weeks, the Chief Executive has been concerned also with reduction In governmental spending and at the same time witi~ plans to raise additional money. He has presented a tax bill to congress, an obstinate congress, Represents. tines and senators do not like to cam- paign after passing a new tax bill so they frankly do not like the idea nf new taxes at this time. It is too early to forecast the full importance of the President's latest moves. There are those who insist timt Mr. Roosevelt is making a sincere effort to cut down government spend- ing and to convince the nation that he is seeking to reduce the waste that is naturally attendant upon such a vol- ume of disbursements of money as has taken place lu the last three, years There are others who take the posi- tion that the President is simply bulhi- Ing up a picture which can i~e shown to the voters when election time comes. They say that Mr. Roosevelt wants to be in a position to point ~o an accom- pllshed reduction in federal expendi- tures and to assure the voters that h~~, had permitted only such espenditures as were necessary to bring the country out of the depression. * An unbiased conclusion Is that a lit. tle of each claim Is true. If expendi. lures actually are reduced, obviously the action will be welcomed by the tax- payers. On the other hand, the bally- h6o that went out from the White House and executive departments con- t~ernlng the withdrawal of borrowing power was rather unjustified. It was unjustified for the reason that the move was simply a bookkeeplng~.propo- sition and, further, there was even a hint .that such agencies as the Re- construction Flnance corporation and Home Owners Loan corporation had no plans for borrowing extensively dur- ing the forthcoming summer and fall. I~ one looks into the future In con. nectlon with the Presldenllal r~ogram of curtailing borrowing and cutting ex- penditures, it is rather difficult to es- cape the thought that a continuation ot policies sueh as have been spon- sored ~ the New Deal in the last three years will force a renewal of these ex- penditures In due course. In other words, the administration course re. spectlng these expenditures is going to depend upon the results of the Novem- ber election: If Mr. Roosevelt Is re- turned to the White House and he con- tinues with a substantial Democratic majority In congress, there Is no rea- son to believe that present spending nolieies will be entirely abandoned. @ We~Mwn l~w~t~r Union, Lonely Easter Island: New . , National Monument of Chile ~r -- ~ ~ may be seen In varlous stagel of huge ~tone ~tatues wnose completion. In some eases they ar~ Or'lg~'n Baffles Arche- completely carved but have not been -- T cut away from their bases. Early mog~sts Are ~ure. visitors to the Island found stone tools Strewn about the quarry as No longer will explorers and curio hunters have the freedom of Easter Island, lonely landspot In the Pa- cific ocean more than two thousand miles off the Chilean eoasL The Chilean government recently de- clared the Island a national monu- ment In order to protect Its famous statues. "Easter Island Is the easternmost habitat of the Polynesian race," says a bulletin from the National Geo- graphic society, "yet it is in no other way comparable to other islands of the South seas except, that it Is of volcanic origin. Dotted With Inactive Volcanoes. "Fifty square miles In area, it has no lush forests and no palm-fringed coasts. It Is liberally dotted with volcanoes that long ago stopped pouring molten lava over their rims. The lower portion of the island is composed of sheets of lava, which now are in process of dlstnfegratlon. Walking over these lower areas Is extremely tiresome, and In places al- most impossible: and riding Is a very slow procedure. The surfaces of "the mountain sides and hills are generally smooth since they are formed of fine volcanic ash. Both the lowlands and highlands are cov- ered with grass, "The Island got its name from the fact that the first known white man, a Dutch navigator, landed there on Easter day in 1722. "Lying off the usual Slllpplng routes of the South Pacific, Easter island has never been a tourist center. A few shepwrecked men have found it a haven and a Chilean company has used It for cattle raising. Traders touch It; but its chief lure lies In its statues, huge stone mouuments whose origin has baffled archeolo- glsts and historians since the ls~nd's discovery. Many Statues Remain Unfinished. "In open fields, in quarrles, and along the edge of the sea, these gro- tesque images are to be found. Some stand as they were placed by the no. tines ; no one knows when. Others have fallen on their sides or backs, while still others now are face down- ward or buried. While they differ In size, they are slmllar In shape, rep- resenting half-length human figures, with hands meeting In front of the bodies, Once theyadorned stone tombs of deceased islanders, but only a few of the tombs remain. There are statues from three to more than thirty feet high hut most of them are 12 to 20 feet in length. Some weigh many tons, Visitors wonder how these heavy statues were transported to their posltlons sometimes miles from quarries. "In one quarry, scores of Images Dr. PiercCs Favorite Prescription makes weak women strong. No alcohol. 8old by druggists in tablets or Hquid.--Adv. Do It O~er Right Farmer (to new hired hand)-- Where's that mule I told you to take out and have shod? New Hand--Did you say "shod"? I thought you sald "shot." I've Just been buryin her.--Boston Evening Transcript. Natural Charlady (observing artist's small son drawing pictures)~I do think Lionel's clever, mum. He must have inhaled It from his father~Tl~-Bits (London). Presence of Mind "Call that a Caruso record? The man Is singing in German." "Yes, sir. The record has been translated."~Nebelspal tar (Zurich). Time for Everythlnlr 8ultor--I wlsh to marry your daughter, sir. Dad~Do you drink, young man? Suitor---Thanks a lot, hut let's set- fie this other thing flrst.'-Phlladel- his Inquirer. T~'r'$ though workmen stopped suddenly and never returned to complete their work. Why, no one knows Script. covered wooden pane!s have been found but they have failed to yield the secret of the Island's past. The 250 Inhabitants. clustered In a vii- iage on the western slde of the island, have their versions of Easter Island's history but these are often too fantastic to be credible. The natives know cattle raising, their only In- dustry, but the habits of their for- bears is unknown to them. Don't Guess But Know Whether the "Pain" Remedy You Use is SAFE? Don't Entrust Your Own or Your Family's Well- Being to Unknown Preparations THE person to ask whether tim prep~Lration you or your family are taking for the relief of headaches is SAFE to use regularly is your family doctor. Ask him particularly about Genuine BAYER ASPIRIN. He will tell you that before the discovery of Bayer Aspirin most "pain" remedies were advised against byphysicians as bad for the stomach arid, often, for the heart. Which is food for thought if you seek quick, safe relief, Scientists rate Bayer ASp'L,~ mnong the fastest methods lld dis- covers/ for the relief of headaches and the pains of rheumatism, neu- ritis and neuralgia. And the experi- ence of millions of users has proved it safe for the average person to use regularly. In your o~n i~.l~ ~. member this. You can ~t Genuine Bay~ Aspirin at any drug store ~ simply by asking for it by its full name, BAYER ASPIRIN. Make it a point to do this ~ and see that yore g~ what you want, Bayer Aspirin ,j Or " Divine To borrow is human~to pay ba~lt Is astoundlng. Easy to Pleue "Did I lea~e an umbrella here y~ terday?" "What kind of an umbrella?" "Oh, any kind. ~m not fussy." IGLEY'S