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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
February 21, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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February 21, 1901

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~t i | I .... ..~In Affair of Great ~r~omp. vice-president appears arm in arm ~ Z~ ~-"~ In a blaze of splendor, with brilliant with the retiring officer of the senate, military parades and escorts, impres- which in the present case is Senator sire ceremonies, concerts, balls, fes- Frye, owing to the death of Viee-Pres- tivities and fireworks, President Mr- ident Hobart. All the senators and Kinley will be inaugurated March 4 spectators rise to their feet. The re- for his second term as president of the tiring officer announces that the vice- United States, and at the same time president of the United States is about that unique personality, Theodore to assume the duties of his office. A ROosevelt, dilitant, literateurtt states- bible is produced, and then, in mesS- man, soldier, cowboy and rough rider, ured tones, the vice-president slowly will be inducted into the office of vice- takes the oath required by the consti- president of the" United States. It will tution. This done, the gavel is passed be a spectacular event of unprece- to him, the senators sit down, and in dented propo"rti~ns, participated in by a few appropriate words the new offi- the most conspicuous men in public cial announces his assumption of d~ce. life, federal and state, with members The president leaves his carriage at of the cabinet, senators and members the senate wing, and moves through of the house of representatives, tae the corridors to the east gntranee to chief Justice and justices of the United the stand. He sits under the canopy in States supreme court, Lieut.-Gem Miles the center of the stand, with the most and Admiral Dewey and their train of distinguished men in all branches of gorgeously uniformed officers, am- life gathered about him. The vice- bassadors and ministers from foreign president comes from the senate and countries, rough riders from Oklahoma takes a seat near the president. There to give a touch of real life to "Teddy's" is a solemn hush as the silk-robed fig- presence, governors of states and their ares of justices o~ the United States state troops and staffs, and an assem- supreme court appear at the upper en- blage of the plain, every-day American trance, and, headed by the white- people which threatens to overwhelm haired Chief Justice Fuller, march the national capital. It is an event in slc~wly down the aisle to seats near the which the whole country has an inter- president. Now all is in readiness for est, and the whole country will look the actual inauguration. The chief on With attention and enthusiasm at Justice steps forward, bible in hand, this assumption of office, and is met by the president with bared Y/~thm~ton ~ccome~ E~cifed. head and raised hand. The vast con- When the time comes for the actual course of people take off their hats, inauguration proceedings, all Wash- and those on the stands rise and bow their heads. lngton is in a state of .excitement, "You do solemnly swear," begins the Early in the day the main avenues are chief Justice, his voice scarcely audl- roped off by the police to keep the dense crowds from Overflowing the line ble to the vast throng. "I do solemnly swear," repeats the of march. By 11 o'clock in the morn- president, in tones equally indistinct. ing the United States troops and mili- tary organizations begin to swing into And then. sentence after~sentence, is place near the treasury and war de- administered the oath of office, the partment, awaiting the coming of the chief justice first reciting a line, and president. It is a stirring sight at the president repeating. The oath is this time, for the buildings are liter- that laid do~wn by the constitution, and ally covered with bunting, done in pledges the president to maintain and beautiful designs, the air is rent with guard the constitution and laws of the the crash of many bands, and along country and faithfully administer his office. the avenues gallop troops of cavalry- men in their flaming yellow plumes. :the lnatz~urai Addre~r~r. w,.ie loiig ~mes of artillerymen guide When the oath is pronounced, the the ponderous field and siege guns. president is for the first time in full There is the glitter of brass buttons possession of his attributes of office. and gold braid everywhere, and the He is now president in fact, and he rattle of sabres and spurs. This year steps forward to address the people as Gen. Francis V. Green of New York, a president, and to announce to them in hero of the clvll war and of Cuba, will his inaugural addrc~ss what he propo- be the grand marshal. He is a splen- ses to do for the welfare of the eoun- did horseman, and he will wear the try. The inaugural address is an ira- full ttntform c~ a major general of tlle portant declaration, giving the pro- army. His aids are men of national gram of the incoming administration prominence, in military, naval and on all the great questions which have civil llfe. engaged public attenflon. President .~In Infere~rt#ntj ...~pecfacle. McKinley is now busily engaged in the It is interesting ~o note in detail preparation of the address. It is ex- how our presidents are inaugurated, pected thls year to deal with Cuba and for there are many features which the Philippines, with China and other have been established by precedent foreign complications, and to outline and law. As a rule. when an admin- the plans of the government for the istrati~n changes and a new president coming four years. is about to be sworn in, he comes to When the address closes, the presl- Washington the day before the Inau- dent drives direct to the White ~ouse guratlon ceremony, and prepares to begin the new admin- istration. During the afternoon he Mr. McKinley is, of course, al- announces the new cabinet (if any) ready installed at the White House, and frequently the ambassadors to ira- and there is no need of private quar- portant foreign courts such as Russia, ters for the day before inauguration. Germany, France and Great Brltaln~ Precisely at 12 o'clock the president The real work of ad/~Inistration is emerges from the White HouSe, or now under full headway. At the same from his hotel if there be a change of time the festivities are kept up out- administration. A salvo of cheers side. In Convention hall the Marine from the expectant crowd greets him. band is giving a series of concert~, mid The long lines of cavalry, which serve hundreds of singers are proclaiming as chief escort, are drawn up with the the advent of the new executive. horses facing the White House and ~be Inatt~ural ~BcdL with the troopers holding their sabres As night comes on-all eyes are cen- at present. A blast from a cavaly bu- tered on the inaugural ball, that grand gle gives the signal to move, The official function in which 'the president president sits in an open taudau if it and his wife lead in the promenade is a pleasalt d.ay, although Mr. Clove- end mingle amid the gay dancers. land was twice abliged to go to inau- The president and his wife arrive a~ guratlon in a covered carriage. AS the I0 o'clock, and then the orchestra of presidential carriage sweeps out from 125 musicians breaks into the Inspir- the White House grounds the cavalry ing strains df the grand' march. The swings into platoons stretchlng from president is in evening dress, and with curb to curb across the broad avenue his wife on his arm, the promenade be- running, from the executive mansion gins. Looking down from thetgall.ro to ths capitol. Now the parade is In ies it is a stirring sight to see the full motion, with infantry, cavalry, at- prssldent of the United States, the UUery, state militia and national members-of his eabinet~ silver-haired guard, civic organ~zatidns and ha- senators, Justices of the supreme court, tional dignitaries in line. Up Penns1- generals and admirals, all of them vanla avenue to the capitol there is a famed In the c.ountry's service, going continuous ovation, through the serpentine maneuvers of .~ozn# in ~he .~enaf. a pron~enade, while all about and abov~ The first ceremony is enacted in the is a shimmer of light and color: Re- senate chamber while the parade is on- freshment~ are served at huge tables, [t route to the capitol. The vice-preai- and thus the gaiety, music, dancing ;. ~ dent is escorted ~ep~rately ~r0m the and feasting goes on until long after ~~ pretzldent, and he is to be the presid- midnight. The president-seldom Joins $ lng officer of the senate, that body con- in a round dance, as it would hardly ~ ]~ ~rf,~ ~ venes at 12 o'clock to receive its new eomI~rt with his dignity to cut swal- ~ . official. The chamber is crowded with low~f~tflS on the waxen floor. ~~. ~~ distinguished ,uests who eve, flow "into BREWSTER THOMPSON. the galleries and corridors. The new Washington, D. C. IN DEBTORS' : PI ISON " @ DEBTORS RAPIDLY BECOMING Cl~IMI- NALS IN ENGLAND. We all know that imprisonment for debt has been abolishe'd, but only to make way for imprisonment for con- tempt of court, and while, under the new regulations, the hardship of prison life is made easier for the convict, it has become more stringent for the debtor, who is rapidly becoming a criminal, writes K3-17, No. 5,580, in London Chronicle. Formerly, Wands- worth jail was a prison for female as well as male prisoners, but the women now find accommodation at Holloway and their ward at Wandsworth has be- come the debtors' division. Here the cells are similar in all respects to those occupied by convicts. The size, the furniture, the 0tensils are identical. The only literature allowed the debtor, like the criminal, in the early days of his confinement, is the Bible,the prayer and hymn books and a little volume c~led "The Narrow Way." It is merely in regard to 'bedding that the debtor, within his ceil, is better off than the convict. While the latter at the commencement of his incarcera- tion is compelled to rest on .bare boards the former, at alI times, is provided with cocoanut fiber mattress and pil- low, as well as with two coarse linen sheets, a pillowcase and a couple of blankets. Before the debtor is finally locked up for the night on the day of his arrival at the prison he receives a circular yellow cloth badge bearing the number of his ceil inscribed in black on both sides, which makes him look something like a cabman. This badge --the badge ~f infamy, for it is identi- cally the same in color and aII other respects for convict and debtor alike-- he is compelled to wear fastened to the left hand side of his coat whenever he leaves his cell. It is ~b~tolutely il- legal to brand him in this fashion, be- cause in the abstract from the regv- lations exhibited in his celI it is set forth that a debtor shall be allowed to wear his own clothes unIess they are unfit for wear, and that even then the clothes supplied him shall not be of the same color as those worn by convicted prisoners. But this badge of the crim- inal attached to the debtor's coat be- comes part of his attire. The prison bell tolls at 6 a. m., and the day be- gins. The cell floor must be swept, the white metal utensils cleaned and furbished up so that you can see your face ih them, the plank bedstead set leaning against the wall on end, with mattress dangling over the back, bed* clothes made to hang in front, and pillow crowning the ~hole. Then you wash and finish dressing. All at onc~ you hear a Clanging of keys. The d~or flies open. A canvas bag bearing the cell number is flung on the floor, ac- companied by an inquiry in an unsym- pathetic tone. as to whether you "all right," and an order to put out your Imt~ and pans. The bag contain,~ your work--some pieces of ~anvas, some samples of buttonholes, a stout needle, a skein of white thread, a lun~p of wax, a knife. You have been de- prived of your penknife down stairs, onIy to be placed in possession of a much more dangerous weapon iu your cell From the moment the debtor comes into prison he zs t;tven every opportunity to find money to satisfy his cz'editor should he be so disposed. He may telegraph, he may write and receive as many letters as he pleases in that bona fide aim. But ff he make~ no effort to discharge his debt, he may onIy write and receive one letter and have one visit a week. It will*m~rpr!se a good many people to learn that the majority of debtors at Wandsworth are sent there ,by their wives for fell- ing to satisfy maintenance orders. Then come the fathers of boys sent to truant schools, who have 'been ordered to contribute a couple of shillings a week towards their support. A third category is made up of persons in ar- rear with rates and taxes. Debtors of the miscellaneous class ard few. Most of my-companions during the fortnight I passed at Wandsworth bore up against their misfortunes with a good heart. One or two gave way. One man took the matter so keenly to mind that he displayed signs of insanity and was removed to the hospital. Dreomed o :f .... Went t:the~pot 'ndi-~-----------=--;i ~.aa o . na ) coted and i~ound o ) I110fl11 OldTreasure L ........ : ......... :_l 30 miles south of Texarkana. They had a large sum of money which the husband took out one night ahd bur- ied. Ten years later he died quite suddenly, without even revealing to the wife the hiding place of the money. and although diligent and repeated search was made, no trace of the bur- ied tveasure was ever found. Mrs. Moores. who is now more than 70 "years old, has remained a widow, fly- ing most of the time alone since her husband's death. A few weeks ago A singular certification of a dream she had a vivid dream one night, lu was the experience of Mrs. Rachel which she saw in the old pl~ntation Moores of Texarkana. Ark. In 1866 with certain landmarks the spot ~her$, she was living With her husband, MaJ. as her dream indicated, the mocey was David Moores, on a plantation about buried. In a few nights the dream was repeated, and thereafter at inter- vals for more 'than a dozen times each dream being an identical repe- tition of the first. Mrs. Moores is not at all superstitious, yet this oft-re- peated dream led her to make a secret investigation recently, when, strange as it may seem, the long-lost treasure was found, and that, too, at a place in the woods marked exactly as that so often in her dream. The money was all in $20 gold pieces, and the total amount $2,800. Uncle Sam as a Flower Gardener. During the fall planting at the white house there are placed in the ground more than 56,000 bulbs and fully 5,000 plants, whereas in the spring $5,000 plants, embracing 150 varieties, are set out. Surrounding the executive man- sion are 55 flower beds of various sizes. All of the beds must be shielded in winter by elaborate blan'ketlngs of pro- tectlve material, and in the ease of many of the beds precaution must al- ways be taken lest they be washed out by heavy i-ainfall. It is better to have a heart of oal[ than a w~boden head. MINERALS ABUNDANT. western foothills of the Sierras are so Kvone'F Part of the United St~te~ Rich ia Various Ores. No section of the United States has been neglected tn the distribution of valuable mlfleral supplies, says I~s- lie's Weekly. Where iron ore of one mort is" lacking another is given; whePb iron and coal are denied, and such re- gions are few in the Untted States, there is stone or clay or the .precious minerals. The mining districts of the east are, broadly speaking, controlled by the general trend of the Appala- chian mountains. On the east side of these mountains, from the Hud~n river to Georgia, there extends a more or less continuous line of ~aguetiq iron oro deposits. This is paralleled by one of low grade ores a~d by an- other of copper ores. West of these 're~lons are found the brown hema- tites, mo~t valuable in Alabama, Ten- eases and Virginia. Passing to the interior 4~asin of the continent, we find the eastern and central part underlaid by vast fields of coal. The metal de- posits appem* in groups. One such group contains the magnificent cop- per and red hematite iron ore deposits around the head of Lake Superior. Another group contains the lead and Zinc and red oxide of iron of Mts~ri. In the western pert of the United Stat~ the grouping of metals is mo~t striking, as it assumes the form of a series of irregular bands or belts ex- tending from north to south and cor- responding to the longitudinal trend Of the ~ountain systems. Passing westwm'd, ~,e first note a sharply de- fined gold belt found in New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming ~nd MantanL West of this and extending throuth N~t M~Aao, U~,h and western .~en- tara, 4s a'line of sBver lodes, A\ mc- Ond ~llle o~ ~lver ~mines Stretehea from 1~ ~" ldb,'~b,~ tfl~,m~h" A~ ~ttd fWhile ~k .~.biz~1 ehktn'dJ~d'ta: marvelously rich in gold veins and placer deposits as to be known to all the world, while shortly farther down into the valley of ~California is a cop- per belt. The region of the coast ranges affords quicksilver and lrou. Oo~u PoU Offle~ Most of the big liners that carry the mails now h~ve fioatlng postoffices on board, where all letters and postal packets are dealt with whil~ the w~- sol is plowing ~er way throtigh the waves. The Sorters have ,by no mean~ an easy time on beard, for they are often at work for twelve hours a day during the entire voyage. One so~ter~ on the Kaiser Wilhelm stated the other day'that during five months an average of 58,368 letters, 220 sacks of papers and 847 registered artieles.~m,e handled by four men, or anindlviduai average of 14,592 letters, 50 odd sa~s of papers and 212 reglstered articleL In the same period the average post worked on the voyage of the American liners in 17 trips were 92,400 lette~ 144 sacks of papers'and 1,164 register- ed articles, or 46,200 letters, 72 sacks of P~pers and 582 registered articles per man. O~vmstn~'s BIK CJt18o. According t0the latest Sttttistl~, the population Of the eight pr~neilNtl c|tl8 is as follows: Berlin; 1,284,$46; Ham- burg, 767,885; Munich, 498,802; I~psic, 455,120; Breslau, 425,415; Dr~eden,g95,- 349; Cologne ~70,885. and Frankfort- on-Main, ~67,81~. In each case there has been an Increase within the last five y~rs. Frederic Degeton, the newly elected d~legete from Porto Rico, epeaks ~g- ~l~:fitler~tly and has:won tams u~an attthor.~and~ letwyer. He ls,~:~grtultm~~ frmn~-the'~UnWeraity : ~of, Mlzdr~l' "lind mm~ao and Graa~L '-."