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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
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February 22, 1912     The Saguache Crescent
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February 22, 1912
 

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__ mlImJLA] I I IIII] I Ill II I ]I I li I II II l Ill I II il r I N these days when so much is said about the conservation of our nat- ural resources and the utilization of products that are neglected and wasted, it Is strange that no ac- count is taken of the marine for- ests and gardens that fringe our sea coast, Yet, since seaweeds are the only vegetation found over three.fourths of the superficial area of the earth, it must be ob- vious that their place in the econ- omy of nature must he far from being insignificant. In their native element the most important function of these seaweeds is the same ~s that performed by ordinary forms Of vegetation on land~-that of rendering animal l~fe possible. They take the elements existing in water as impurities and transform them into ma- terials essential to animal life. It is evident, therefore, that the seaweeds are not quite as use- less as they are supposed to be. Along the coast of New England, the British Isles and western Europe they are used as fer- tilizers. In many countries they are fed to swine and cattle. In Holland they have been employed In the building of dykes. Sometimes they are USed to stuff mattresses, cushions and upholstered furniture. Experiments have been carried on to use them as a substitute for wood pulp In the manufacture of paper. But the Japanese have .~ttalned the climax of utility in the employmelrt of the seaweeds. In the bay of Tokyo 2,500 acres are planted every year with the red laver, a sea plant, which Js transformed Into a dried and toasted powder which is of highly nutritious value, being rich in proteids. These weeds are planted in a very curious manner. In October and No- vember bundles of bamboo or brush are prepared and' t~tken to the grounds in boats at low tide. Deep holes are made in the muddy bed of the bay . by thrusting down through the water an elongat. ed conical wooden frame with two long upright wooden bandies. Into each of these holes Is l)laced one of these brush bundles, forming long rows that project above the water. The brushes afford a lodging place for the spores of the red laver and. they become attached to the twigs and develop within three or four months into plants which are fit to be harvested. They are then cut. dried, pressed, toasted and ground into a powder. Thla red laver grows abundantly along the coasts of the United States. Japan te all the countries of the world. There from seaweeds of the genus Geltdium. They are boiled, stralnad and filtered in.order to separate the gelatine from the.other materials. The ready product is white, shiny and semi-tra~sparent and Is used in making Jellies, soups, sauces and to purify the wine of the natives, which is made from rice and ls called '~tke." In the United States If'is chiefly employed in food preparations where gelatine Is required: It is also used for the s|ging of textiles, the stiffening of the warp of sfll~ the clarifying of wines, beer and coffee. the making of molds in the manufacture of paper. In all civilized countries the Jhl)anese gelatine, under the name of agar-agar, is ~sed exclusively a~ the culture medium in bacteriological work. Large shipments of this gelatine are also sent to the ~bnapps factories in Holland. The most abundant of all seawe~ are the kelps, distributed along every coast line. From .these the Japanese prepare "kombu," which en- ters into the dietary of every family in Japan It is used as a vegetable, cooked with soups, fish and meats, It is also made into confections and beverages. Iodine has been manufactured from kelps fo~ many years, but the price has been so reduced by the working of the nitrate fields of Peru that its manufacture from kelps in the United States can be made attractive and profitable only by uttllza- .,, _ , . j ...... ties of the by-products such as chloride of petal, algin, cellulose, dextrin, mannite and other salts, Including sodium alginate. The United States, however, has one seaweed industry of commercial importance in Irish moss, a fdYm of alga that grows abundantly along the Atlantic coast, particularly north of Cape COd. The center of the industry is at Scltuate, Mass., where it has been exploited for over three-quarters of a century. The average annual output at pres- ent is about 800,000 pounds, valued at $25,000.~ It is used chiefly for making blanc mange, and Is also employed in making cough remedies, Jellies and puddings. It is also used for clarifying beer and in sizing fabrics. In Roman times an alkaline dye was prepared from seaweed, probably from fucus veslculesus, the common ,bladderwrack The "seaweed plc- tu~res" sold at watering places almost invariably contain a large proportion of the dried external skeletons of plant-like ~animals, such as the sea- mats (flustra) and sea-firs (sertularia). Between twenty and fifty fathoms seweeds are rare, beyond that depth their occurrence is excep- tional. The principal natural means of dtstribu, tton are. of course, ocean currents; but man counts for something, inasmuch as species are brought from port to port on the bottom of ships. Among the chief barriers must be reckoned stretches of deep sea, coast deserts of sand and -mud. and the irruption of fresh water lowering the salinity of the neighboring tidal water. Prob- ably the oldest seaweed known is One of siphon- eous structure, described as from the Devonian rocks Besides being used tn the manufacture of iodine. the coarser brown seaweeds are also collected for manure, and the vraik or wrack harvest, or cut- ting of these weeds in the Channel islands, forms an important part of the farmer's work at certain times of the year. Laver, prepared from a spe- cies of porphyra, is valued as a delicate condi- ment in the west of England. and a similar prep- aration from ulva latissima is known as green laver. Pulse (rhodymenia palmata) and tangles (the young stalks of laminaria digitata and I~ saccharina) have been used for food in times of scarcity, but must be difficult of digestion. The last named, species yield mannite. Among the best known forms of green seaweeds are the tubular entermorphia, or pipe-weed; the branched cladophora; ulva. or sea lettuce, with flat spread- ing fronds; the feathery bryopsis, like a minia- ture palm tree; and the button-like codium, or sea purse. The h~own seaweeds are arranged in three groups--phaeosporeae, fucaceae and dictyotaceae --according to their mode of re~oduction. In all there are about 170 genera, chiefly from the colder seas, and varying in size from the minute ectocarpus growing on species of fucus to the gigantic macrocystis and leasonla of the Antarc- tic. The floating thallus of the former may reach a length of a thousand feet, and the branching tree.stalk of the latter is several yards higI~; and aa thick as a man's arm. Sargassum, or gulf- . weed, Is Included here. These belong to tie first group, in which a sexual reproduction is effected by swarm-spores; sexual reproduction also takes place by the conjugation of cells, usually differing from swarm-spores only by their fusion. Here also belong the tangles (laminaria), with fronds borne on a stalk that shows some advance ~tn structure. In the fueaceae, of which the bladder- Wrack (fucus), sea-oak (halidrya), and sea-thongs (hlmanthalia) are common examples, the female cells are non-motile, and the male cells free. swimming; a sexual reproduction does not occur. he common Dictyota dichotoma and the rarer peacock weed (padina pavonia) may well repre- sent the third group. A sexual reproduction is affected by non-motile spores; the male and the female cells are also non-motile. A single cell Is produced in, and ejected from. the female or- gan; the male cells do not bear cilia. According to Strasburger the process of fertilization has not been observed. The third group contains nearly 300 genera, mostly from temperate and tropical seas. Tbe vast harvest of the sea. as represented by the algae that grow to maturity and then decay along our extended coast lines mad are wasted, is caPable of adding tens of millions to the wealth of the nation, of supporting numerous industries that would give permanent employment to many thousands of people, and of relieving American manufacturers from dependence upon foreign sources of supply for chemicals and other mate- rials used in various artz and industries. His Magic Wand ~Money King Apparsntly Asked Lead- ing Question Only as a Matter of lnfo~atton. 3ohn D. Rockefeller gets a lot of fun out of his money. Of late years he ~has chosen as his friends several young newspaper writers, and one ~ay, playing a game of golf with a re- porter, he ~et out this howl: "I enjoy being with young men so lltuch that I wish I could seek their ~mlety more freely, but it is a hard thing for me to do. You see, I meet people, and begin to like them, and Just when I do that they hit me in the ,back with a contribution box," The Young man agreed with the Not * Waved appalling and frightful. This cheered Rockefeller immensely. "By the way," said the oil mag- nate graciously, "how are you getting on financlallyY' The reporter immediately had a vision of tumbling into a pile of money, but he was too crafty to give any slgn of his elation. "Oh." he said airily. "I'm doing about as well as a man of my age could expect." Then Mr. Rockefeller, without crack- ing a smile, resumed the game..~ Popular Magazine. Farmer (to horse dealer)--No, t only Why Price of Growers Have Quit Raising the Bean and Have Turned to Cultivation of Rubber. Motor cars are partly to blame for the higher price of coffee. One may not be able to own a motor car, but because of them one may soon be too poor to have a cup of Rio for break- fast. Coffee growers-have quit raising coffee and are cultivating rubber, the Los ~ngeles Exam~er says. The mo- tor car has boomed the rubber market until there lg big money in producing the raw material, while coffee for 1~ years has 1 that there That is Coffee Soars an American breakfast is s tasteless thing. There has been some talk of a short- age in the supply of raw rubber, but according to consular reports the ea- rlap rubber district in the Amazon valley in South An~ertca would be suf- ficient by itself to supply the growing needs of the world's cbnsumption if it could be worked economically, which is only possible with a far greater population than that at present avail- able and better means of transport. At present, except in the Acre, se. rings rubber ha8 practically only been touched to a distance of about 8fx miles on each side of rivers navi- gable by some sort of craft. It must be awfully unlue, k,y to walk under thirteen lsAd~xe~ RESTORED TO HEALTH. After Suffering with Kidney Dlsordaro for Many Years. Mrs. John S. Way, 209 S. 8th St., ln- dependence, Kans., says: "For a num- ber of years I was a victim of disor- dered kidneys. My back ached con- stantly, the passage of the kidney secre- tions was irregular and my feet and an- kles badly swollen. Spots appea~ed be- fore my eyes and I was vary nervous. After using numerous remedies without relief, I was com. pletely cured by Dean's Kidney Pills. In view of my advanced age, my cure seems remarkable." "When Your Back Is Lame, Remem. her the Name-DeAN'S. 50c. all stores. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. Waste Paper In Paris. Paris police give strict attention to ~he act against throwing waste paper and refuse upon the streets. An ab- sent-minded old gentleman carelessly dropped a hundred-franc note from his waistcoat pocket, whereupon a sharp-eyed policeman requested the old gentleman to give him his name and address or submit to arrest. But when the offender reached into the gutter and picked up the waste paper and opened it before the policeman's eyes he was let off with an apology and a profound bow. LAWYER CURED OF ECZEMA "While attending school at Lebanon, Ohio, in 1882, I became afflicted with boils, which lasted for about two years, when the affliction assumed the form of an eczema on my face, the lower part of my face being inflamed most of the time. There would be :water-blisters rise up and open, and wherever the water would touch It would burn, and. cause another one to rise. After the blister would open, the place would scab over, and would burn and itch so as to be almost un- bearable at times. In this way the sores would spread from one place to another, back and forth over the whole of my upper lip and chin, and at times the whole lower part of my lace would be a soH~ sore. This con. dillon continued for four or five years, without getting any better, and in fact got worse all the time," so much so that my wife became alarmed lest it prove fatal. "During all this time of boils and eczema, I doctored with the best phy- sicians of this part of the country, but to no avail. Finally I decided to ~ry Cuticura Remedies, which I did, tak- ing the Cuticura Resolvent, applying the Cuticura Ointment to the sores, and using the Cuticura Soap for wash- ing. In a very short time I began to notice improvement, and continued to use the Cuticura Remedies until I was well again, and have not had a re- currence of the trouble since, which is over twenty years. I have races. mended Cutieura Remedies to others ever since, and have great faith In them as remedies for skin diseases." (Signed) A. C. Brandon, Attorney-at, Law, Greenville, O., Jan. 17, 1911. Although Cuticura Soap and Olaf. sent are sold everywhere, a sample of each, with 32-page book, will be mailed free on applicatimx to "Cult. curL" Dept. L, Boston. Hadn't Brought It, Teacher (dtsgustedly)~My boy, my boy, where is your intuition? Boy~I ain't got any. I'm only here a few days, and I didn't know what I had to gtt.---Judge. A QUARTER CENTURY nefore the Pu])lic. Over Five MI Ilion Frse ~unpl~ given away each year. The ooMtant and in~r~8- !~ apace from samples p~oves the genuine m~rlt of A.LL]r~ F00~]KASi, the amtlseptie powder to be shaken Into the shoes for ~Ire& Aehlng. Swollen~ Tender feet~ Relieves corns and bunions or all poAn. Sample FPJ~L 2~dresa Jkno~ol~aoy~]~.Y. At the Bank. "Your husband has stopped pay- ment on your alimony check." "I know it; he no longer loves me." Makes the laundress happy--~that's Red Cross Bag Blue. Makes beautiful, clear white clothes. All goodgroce~. Love may not make the world go rOund, but it seems to make a lot of people giddy. Your Liver Is Clogged Up That's Why --Have No Appet/~. CARIZR'S LIVER PILLS Ills III I~ Like Mother, Like Son. The school teacher had punishe~ Tommy so often for talking durin~ school, and the punishments being ap patently without effect, that as a last resort she decided to notify Tommy'S father of his son's fault. So, following the deportment mar| on his next report were these word~ "Tommy talks a great deal." In due time the report was returne~ with his father's signature, and under: it was written, "You ought to hear hi~ mother !" Could FIll Requirements. Lawyer--Now. sir, from what yol know of his reputation for truth ant veracity in the community in wktch he lives, would you believe him under oath ? Wltness~Yes. sir, as a general thing. Of course if it was absolutely necessary for him to swear to a lie I reckon he'd do it, mister, same as you would! Contempt of Court. John Marshall was one defending a vlient before a Kentucky court. The decisions of the ~udge were invariably in favor of the plaintiff and Mr. Mar- shall stopped short in his argument to address the Judge in this manner: "Your honor," taking out his pocket- book. "how much is Mr. Marshall's fine?" "I do not understand you," replied the Judge. "I have not fined you; what is the fine for?" "For contempt of court, sir." "But I have not held you in con- tempt of court." "I know you haven't, Judge, but I have such an ungodly contempt for the whole shebang I am more than willing ~o pay the fine." Tl~e Ticket Didn't Tick. Moore--My sense of hearing is the keenest ever. Do you know, I can hear your watch ticking although you are six feet away. Poore--Then you're a wonder. ~Iy wa'ch is at the pawnbroker's, six blocks away! A Safe Investment. Bill Jones was a resident of Balti- more, who, notwithstanding an impedi- ment in his speech, prospered in his business as a broker. He moved to New York city and prospered even more. A friend from Baltimore called on him one day, and after some famil- iar conversation, remarked: - "I say, Bill, it seems to me that you stutter wrose here in New York than you did in Baltimore." "V-v-very 1-1-1ikely; it's a b-b-bigger city." "But I say, Bill, you have made a lot of money here and I want your ad- vice." Life. An Unshakespearean Surprise. At a small seaport town in England, a lady star actress of the third magni- tude appeared as Juliet. "I cannot do Justic~ to myself," she said to the manager, who combined theatrical en- terprises with the conduct of a row of bathing machines, "if I do not have a lime" (limelight) "thrown on me when I appear on the balcony." "We ain't got no limelight, Miss, but I think we could get you a ship's blue light," replied the obliging man- ager; and to this the lady agreed. The lad who went to the shop to buy the blue-light brought back a signal rock- et which was given him by mistake. The prompter was lier own man, and in his ignorance took the rocket in good faith. Romeo. He Jests at scars, who never felt a wound. (Juliet appears. Prompter lights the match). But soft what light through yonder window breaks? (This was the match lighting the fuse). Arise, fair sun! The sun, or rather the rocket, did rise with a hiss that sounded far loud~er in a theater than it does in the open air. Juliet was knocked off the balcony,' the fly borders were set on fire, and the theater was filled with sulphurous smoke, while the andience, which Was fortunately a small one, made a stampede to the doors. HIDES-PELTS-FURS *The L. A. Vfatlrhm Mdse.Co. Dealers In Hides, Woof, Pea~, Tallow, Furs. 1525 Wazee g_t, Denver, Colo. Write for our Priee Lists and ShipPing Tags HOWARD E, BURTON, ASSAYER & CHEMIST SLEADVILLE. COLORADO. Pecimen prices: Gold. sliver, lead, $1; Iol@. sliver. 750; gold. 50C; zinc or CoPPer $1. Mailing envelopes and full price list sent on IpPlleatlon. Control and umpire work so- licited, neferenve: Carbonate National Bank 40 paczag~ $1.00. Write for catalogue. THE WESTERN SEED 0.. 15 & DLaIo, ~m~r,Col. BEESUPPUES of best quallW ~trlght prlees. Send for f~ee TI. lustrated CaJJdng. with instructions to beginners. HONEY o,. oiu from the yards of our member~. Sample by mail, los. The Colorado Honey Producers' Aun. 1442 Market Street, Denver, ~olnradn $25.00 $25.00 ~2f~00 g2J$.00 $2~.00 $~15~ COLONIST FARES- frown ALL MAIN LINW. POINTS and AL~ POINTS ON MARSHALL PASS LIN~, SALIDA to GRAND JUNCTION, on the DENVER & RIO GRANDB R&ILROAD in COLOBL&DO, tn CALIFORNIA AND THI~ PACIFIC N ORqPMW~ST~ Via The Denver & Rio Grands ]Railroad and the ~.Vestern Pacific Railway, The Royal Gorge-Feather River Cation Route. Tickets on Sale March to Apr. 15,1912. By depositing tickets with Agent, stop-overs of five days will be allowed at and west of Cation City on the Den- ver & Rio Grange Railroad in Colorado and Utah, and at Elko. Hazen. Reno, Las Vegas, Lovelock, Shafter, Wlnne- mucca, Nevada. and all points in Cali- fornia; at all points on the Great North- ern at and west of Billings, Montana; at all points on O. S. L. and O. W. R. & N. Co., and all points on Southern Pe- ciflc between Portland, Ore., and Weed, Calif. Colnnlst 'rleketa will be honored over the Hln Grande Via Qlenwood Sprimls or via Gunnison a xtd Montrose. For detailed Information. Inquire of nearest Agent. FRANK I. WADLE|QH, Gemeal Plss~I~l~ Agent~ Denver. ~oI~.