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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
March 19, 1931     The Saguache Crescent
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March 19, 1931

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THURSDAY. MAR. 19, 193T THEXGUKCIE NT w, L , ,, l i l l i l ill i IIII i.i II ii i ill i n m ill ,l I, I HISTORY OF THE FLOUR MILL HISTORY OF THE FLOUR MILL AT SAGUACHE, COLO. (Written by Geo. H. Robertson ) Believing in the maxim promul- gated by Miles Standish in the story of his "Courtship," written by Long- fellow, to the effect that if anyone wanted anything done to suit him, he should do it himself, I have under- taken to indite a brief account of the institution known as above, from the time of the first settlement of the land upon which the same is situate, up to the present year of 1931. During the year 1867 a party by name of  Sisinero, located on the west central part of the quarter section upon which the present mill now stands, erected a cabin in the vale between the two hills, and culti. rated a small tract of land in proxim- ity thereto. The next year, or yeas following, it is not material for the heard this denied, but if this wheel lRobertson, father of the writ.r here- / described above was the original*of,t who operated it continuously wheel employed for this purpose it t from 1890 until 1912, then intermit- was evident some such method was' tently up to a few years ago, whre- ........ r ! upon the farmers in this viciniiy !!lav- employea. Tne amount Ol neau o  . , ....... fall couldn't have been more than5 iing gone .wnote nha:::a:Yttemd:nt t:ee of 6 feet. The ditch appeared foist ck buS.mres l ha and fora e have been 5 or 6 feet wide and of Iquzszte of g y g shallow depth. Nevertheless the I tmhflefw:s :tc:;lg :h:t:ttethof s th: capacity of the mill must have been ......... I nocuous desuetude as a valedictor- small, aepenuzng upon tne nneness oz the ground product, I would say, pos- IH:s hiog::v::7 sfi:c:bd::cribentainJd sibly a couple of bushels per hour, I depending of course upon the speed in a workable condition, so that it of the buhr. However, this mill be- ing insufficient to meet the demands, it soon became necessary to haul grain to the mills situate at Conejos and San Luis to exchange for flour. In 1872, Preston Hotchkiss, ac- quired the property and started the construction of the present mill and the ditch which traverses the hill above mentioned upon its north slope. The ditch follows the course of the first ditch for a few hundred yards, then crossing between the two hills it followed its present course on the north slope to the present mill building. The water power part was i.rst constructed and used to oper- ate a saw mill to furnish lumber and is ready for service should occasion require, being remodeled to the roller system in the year 1900. The building of the mill was fol- lowed by the erection of a number !of houses in that vicinity, afterwards known by the name of La Loma, ac- cepting it as a nucleus upon which to base a town. A suburb euphone- ously called Lick-skillet was also started upon the mesa one-half mile to the north, along the north side of the present road, going west. Fail- ure, however, to find water below the surface at a reasonable depth, caused its abandonment At an election , held to determine the location of the county seat, La Loma lacked but purpose of this article, Ramon San- shingles for the mill proper. It was !eight votes of having majority. The a ...... , ....... 'residents of Milton, sitting supinely chez constructed a small mill about,afterwards usea zo supply the he- . ........ erl . by, coupled with the desire oI nail one-fourth of a mile southeast Y mands for lumber for constructmn , , , . ........ a cozen owners oI rand abating on from the habltatmn above mentmn- of buildings m the vicinity. Conmd- ed, on the south side of the larger of erable labor was volunteered towards the proposed townsite, to cut their the two hills, at a point about two- thirds of its distance from the west end. Some of the upright posts used in its construction are still standing at this writing. A ditch with which to operate the same was constructed in a north-westerly di- rection along the base of said hill, a distance of nearly half a mile until it intersected the Sagucbe creek, this being at a point nearly due south from the summit of the hill, which lies west of the aforesaid hill at whose the construction of the ditch. For the most part, aside from the owner, the following men assisting in the construction of the mill consisted of Joe White,  Church, Charley Fox and Abram Garcia. These par- ties are now deceased I believe Abram Garcia, the last survivor having died a couple of years ago. The first water wheel not giving satisfaction, the present one was se- cured. I believe it is called an Eclipse, manufactured by Stillwell ranches up into town lots, furnished the determining factors in the con- test. GIBS AND JIBES Flappers are little dears even though some are a little bear. Saint Peter, "Who's there?" Voice Without, "It is I." Peter, "Get out of here, we don't want any more school teachers." O base the mill was built. This mill was a crude affair consisting of a small log building possibly 16 feet square. The milling equipment con- sisting of a four-foot flint buhr but was not enclosed within a curb, the meal being discharged in all direc- tions upon the floor, where it as wiped up into piles with a sheepskin, & Bierce, of Dayton, Ohio, and is a A minister wa seated in his study 4-foot wheel and operates under a in a small town when he heard a small 15-foot head. Water being conduct- ed thru a large flume to the forebay and thence to the penstock An up- right shaft extends to [ pulley above where power is transmitted thru the agency of a large belt to an upright shaft within the building, extending boy crying in the street. He went out and found a boy standing alongside a hay wagon from which the load had upset. The hay was laying in a heap in the street. ;'Don't cry, my lad," said the min- ister, "We'll see that your hay is all afterwards being put in sacks by a upward to the second story where board shovel. No bolt or sieve of combining with a lay shaft connected any description being used, and I therewith, it furnishes means to don't think there was any kind of drive the machinery. The mill was cleaning machinery. The grain hav-first equipped with a pair of buhrs ing been previously washed an Win- a hexagon reel about 3 feet in diam- nowed after being tramped out by eter, 17 feet ip length. This wit the use of horses, but mostly with. the cleaning machinery, bins, eleva- sheep. I might add that the grain was cut with cradles. Afterwards, however, binders were used which tied with wire instead of twine. This necessitated the installation of pairs of magnets to remove parts of brok- en wire, before the grain was ground. I might mention that there was a small quantity of blue corn raised also. Aside from the objectionable method of threshing used primarily, this process produced a meal that for health and nutritiousness is much superior to the present day flour used for bread. As it isn't the purpose of this ar- ticle to go into the ethics of the com- parative va!ne of the various food products, which would require more time than I intend to devote to this article, I will proceed to a description of the remainder of the machinery. A shaft about 2 inches in diameter, extended thru the center of the buhr downward possibly six feet where it entered the hub of the water wheel. I, at the present writing, have the remains of a water wheel which 1 think was used at that time. but of this I am however, not positive, as! the data now obtainable is somewhat! vague and indefinite as well as con-! tvadictory. This wheel has a centei hub about six inches in diameter and about a foot in depth, having a hoe bored in its eener for an upright shaft. I am endea'vorin to ive .omewhat detailed descrivtion of thi b-ause of its unique character. It being a model of simMicity but I b,,e very serious doubts as to it efficiency. To nroceed. 5. arms or flanges rad,.'ated from this center hub H,oe flanzes were cast with the hub body 8nd moasm:e 5x10 inches i, j thickness, lookir mveh like a small v-,on whel with spokes 10 inches ;' width. Holes were bored in these ,es. possibly to permit the at- tsehment" Of extension blades, these n,..,'ht have been of hooked or curved c-nstruction. The principle appear- ed to kave been to allow a stream of v'zter nnder lgh velocity to strike these blades upon its outer circum- ference thus ea-sin the wheel to ..;n or rotate. This wheel, like the b,hr ws supposed to operate with- m:t zny casing. Under the bottom of th b,b was a shallow concave de- pression to be used to rest upon a woden post or pillor of some char- eeter. I was told that the water v,a conveyed to the wheel thru the rab,m of a hewn log trough ar- 'anged on an ilacline. I howev'er hav when it was purchaged picked up. Have you had your din- ner? No? Well, come inside and have some with me.'" "Pc won't like it," said the boy. "Oh, that will be all right," said the minister. "Your father will not mind if you have dinner wih me. Come in." Again the boy said, "Pc won't like tors and conveyors constituted the it," but the minister insisted, so they total. [went in and ate dinner. "Press," as he was called, had I "Have another piece of pie," said hardly got the mill in operation till i the minister, but the boy only replied he joined his brother Enos, at Lake as before, "Pc won' like it." City to assist in the operation of the Finally the minister took him out Golden Fleece mine which had been again and said, "Now we'll go about discovered by Enos while he consti- i tared one of the party who had at- tended Alfred Packer when he was !taken to that vicinity in an effort to :force him to divulge the wherea- bouts of his five companions whom it was suspected he had murdered and robbed. This afterwards being veri- fified by the finding of the bodies, the spot now being marked by the erection of a stone shaft upon Cani- hal plateau, just before one drops down into the Lake Fork and the valley wherin lies Lake City. In this connection it may be well to say that said Packer, who was em- loy'ed by a party of five men to erve as a guide from some point in Utah to the settlements in this val- ley, conducted these men to this pot in mid-winter, and claiming to have become uncertain as to their ocation, established camp and at a favorable opportunity killed four of these men with an axe while, they !ay in bed. The other man's body was found at the end of a short trai eading from camp. He had evident- ly been awakened by the assaults ,pon the others and had endeavored o take flight. He was shot. Parts from these men's bodies were miss- n, evidently having been eaten. Packer, appearing at the store con- -fueled in Saguache by Gotthelf & Meats, and upon displaying severn! ocket books, was arrested and ar- "'Mgned for trial but managed to es- cane. He was afterwards apprehend- -,d in Wyoming. Being returned to Saguache he was tried and convicted on five counts, receiving a peniten- tiary sentence of eight years upon; each count, or a total of.40 years. He was incarcerated in the peniten- tiary at Canon City, but was released berefrom. having become senile and shortly afterwards dying. To continue' our story, asking your indulgence for the digression. The mill was thereafter operated by a number of men, under lease. Some of whom I might mention, tho  can't be sure of the complete number nor of the sequence,  Brown, John Ashley, Clint Hanawalt, ----;---Carp, J. W. Bennett and lastly d. H. Wil- liams. This filled a period until 1887 by George getting the hay back on the wagon. I'll see that no harm comes to the hay while you go and tell your pa to come here." "Pa's under the ha," said the boy. O Little Mary was ieft to fix lunch, and when her mother returned with a friend she noticed Vfary had the tea i strained. I "Did you find the'qost strainer?" "No mother, I couldn't" replied Mary, so I used the-fly swatter." Mother nearly swooned, so Mary completed it with "Oh don't get ex- t. " cited Mother! I ud the old one." CRESCENT TOPICS Also, all is welt,that tends well. Some of the appropriation bills "n Congress amount,:o about the same thing as wrlting check to pay an overdraft. O The White HSuse never knows where its next tpant is coming from. Another trouble with the country is that we have-been paying too much for servie and atmosphere and not been gting enough of the commodity to hich they relate. , ,-r--O The "I. W. flg/." of 1931: "I Want Work." A Business i lusiness, but somehow or other it [vbks as tho the United States Mints e about the only con- cerns makini any money. How about giving a little heed to Theodore Rooeevclt's advice to lead the simple life as a cure for the de- pression, .... O Chicago's :nayor Thompson kept th '  e king o England out of Chicago all right, bu he got instead the king f Gangltttt. There i$'a very few people in the world who are really wise in one way or another. I have often wondered what wouthappen if all of us were ndowcd |h wisdom. ".. .."' P,0000CI| DO YOU I0000OW? QUESTIONS 1. Name one of James Fenimore Cooper's novels 2. What is San Salvador? 3. What three disciples were with Christ at the Transfiguration? 4. What are the chief divisions of the brain? 5. What three colleges were in the colonies? 6. About how long has the present business depression lasted? 7. Of what region is the grape fruit a native? 8. How long was the duration of the textile worker's strike in Vir. nia? 9.When did Alexander G. Bell use the telenhone for the first time? 10. Who is leading a campaign of civil disobedience in India? 11. How long has Andrew W. Mellon served as secretary of the treasur)z ? 12. What are the primary colors? .. ANSWERS 1. "The Last of the Mohicans." 2. An island of the West Indies. 3. Peter, James and John. 4. Cerebrum, cerebellum and me- dulla oblongath. 5. Harvard, William & Mary and Yale. 6. About a year. 7. East Indies. Since last September. : Msrch 10, 1876. 10. Mahatma Gandhi 11. Ten continuous years. 12. Red, orange, yellow, blue, indigo and violet New York could not exist if it were not for the rest of us but the rest of us could get along fine without New York. Some time ago Babson, the statis- tician, said that the American farmer was now flat on his back and had to look up. We think he was wrong. The farmer is on his stomach with his face buried in the mud. This job of saving the country be- comes more strenuous eyery day. o Loaning more money to farmers and giving away a few millions will not bring prosperity. The trouble is world wide and this world is a very small affair any more; and more and more the world must assume the role of being my brother's keeper, but that is a long process. However if we were perfect there would be nothing to fight about and therefore we would have a very un- interesting world. O Look to the farmers, they are be- ginning to turn Over the earth. They will work early and late even if the prospect is disastrous. You can de- pend on the farmer. o The extent to which times have changed is illustrated by the fact that a few years back only a few fam- ilies owned a horse and buggy. Such a possession was looked upon as a luxury in town. Now a days prac- tically every home owns a car. A ear costs more to run  three times over than it used to cost to keep a horse and the average car costs four or five times as much as a horse and buggy and barn to house in in used to cost. 0 After a man gets used to unem- ployment he seems to enjoy it. Hebrew Money The monetary system of the He- brews was based upon the Babylonian system of weiT.hts. The ratio of the value .f g-hl to silver was 1:13 1-3 and prevailed over all western Asia. LETTERHEADS a we. print tkem evld.ence your pro;ress it illl i ii ii m Of course, every one of us respects I and even admires Mr. Hoover for I his firm stand under his convictions; t but some people may be led to think I that his motto is: My veto, may it ever i be right; but right or wrong, my veto. i BELIEVE IT OR NOT More Bargains o ! Baby carriage, baby crib and mat dining chairs, kitchen chairs, camp chairs and stoves, beds, mattresses and springs, oil and gas cookers, pres- sure cooker, fireless cooker, tru 'et ! C. G. Conn cornet, hay forks, rakes, wagon, etc., at Ike's store on the cor- ner. o Why fi0 Out Of Town T, ! @ BUY TIRES ,11 Whi'.c we offer any of the four leading tires manufactured at Mail Order House Prices. U. S. Royal, U. S. Peerless, Fisk, Best Tires Made GitEEN & WHITE SERVICE STATION OF SAGUACHE / For Sal0000., Alfalfa Hay, Alfalfa 1 i i Hay grown on mesa land and contains no alkali. Thick stand, small stems with large per centage of leaves. Experts claim this meal contains more than twice feeding value of average alfalfa hay. Hay price $11.00 per ton for I to 5 tons. $10.00 per ton over that amount. Meal $14.00 per ton. Extra price for sacks. Sacks returnable at same price, if in good con- dition. New scales on ranch. DUNLAP RANCH North cf Swede Corners on Gun barreI Road Hours.... You owe it to yourself to learn how easy it is to own a Thor Portable Speed Ironer This amazing ironer can be placed in any room of the home and does a week's ironing in two short hours-- while you are seated comfortably. PHONE FOR FREt DEMONSTRATION $2.50 DOWN Balance $3.00 per month with your light bill. PUBLIC SERVICE CO. OF COLORADO ! _Ill l l I I I I I , HI i II i lilt in