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March 19, 1931     The Saguache Crescent
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March 19, 1931
 

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THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT News Review of Current Events the World Over Soviet Premier Attacks the United States and Secretary of State Stimson Begins Study of the Russian Question. By EDWARD UCH attention Is being paid these days to our relations with Russia, or the lack of them. In Mos- cow the opening ses- sion of the All-Unlon Soviet cugress was aroused to wild en- thusiasm by a violent attack on the United States--and incident- ally all other "capital- V. Molotov tstlc" countries-- de- livered by Viacheslav Molotov, presi- dent of the council of people's com- missars, which means premier of the Soviet government. Molotov characterized the lack of diplomatic relations with the United States as abnormal and as being part of a plot of European groups, headed by the Vatican, against Soviet Rus- sia. He said that twenty countries are having satisfactory relations, ex- cept Poland, whose relations might be Improved. He denounced the charges of dump- ing and forced labor that have been made against the Soviet government, and declared the American "foolish Fish blll"--framed by Representative Hamilton Fish, Jr., after a congres- sional investigation into Communist sctlvtles--undoubtedly would affect trade relations between the two coun- tries. "America must remember," he de- clared, "that the Imports of the Union of the Socialist Soviet Republics de- pend upon her exports." The premier called the attention ot the delegates to a statement IY an American senator that "a thou- sand persons are starving to death daily in the United States." He asked the delegates to compare this situa- tion to that In the U. S. S. R. where he said, there was no unemployment and no starvation. In Washington it was learned that Secretary of State Henry Stimson Is now devoting most of hts time to a careful study of the Russian question In all its phases, presumably at the request of President Hoover. That this indicated any important change of policy by the administration was considered unlikely by the well in- formed. Indeed, William R. acting secretary in the absence of Mr. Stlmson, said that the latter's study had no significance beyond the fact that the secretary desired to inform himself more 21osely on the Soviet problem. Since becoming seeretary, Mr. Castle pointed out, Mr. Stlmson has been devoting his time to dis- armament, Latin-American affairs, and other problems, leaving no time tO study Russia. From the statements of state de- partment officials it was gathered that no consideration would be given to the suggestion that a separate div- ision for Russia be established in the state department, and that there was nothing in the report that an assist- ant secretary of state would be ap- pointed to handle Russian affairs. President Hoover haz In the past stood firmly by the policy that there can be no recognition of Russia be- fore the Soviet government agrees to recognize official and private obliga- tions to thls country and cease propa- ganda intended to overthrow the Ameflcan goverament. D ISTRICT ATTOR. ney Thomas C. T. Craln of New York county is liable to lose his Job as a re- sult of the exposures of corruption in the magistrates' courts of ithe metropolis. The City club through its officers filed formal charges against Craln. alleging inefficiency, T. C. T. Crain incompetency and mis- feasance in office, :;nd asked that Gee. Franklin D. Roosevelt remove him. The governor promptly appointed Samuel Seahury as special commis- sioner to investigate the charges and report back to him. If he sees fit the governor may remove Crain and name a successor to serve the remain- der of the year. Seahury already has been serving as cpeclal referee in- vestigating the magistrates' courts and will continue that work. It is expected hat the Craln inquiry will lead into the police department and any other department of the city gee. ernment or phase of political life which may be related to the district attorney's conduct of hls offiee, Republican leaders and others are urging that the legislature aLthorlze a thorough nonpartisan Investigation of the entire New York city govern- ment, and a mass meeting of citizens was called to promote that plan. T IS understood now that the new naval treaty between France and Italy will be signed by only those nations and Great Britain. It will not be incorporated In the London naval treaty of 1030, but both pacts will run concurrently until 1936. Of- flclal expressions of approval of the convention will he asked of both the United States and Japan, but neither W. PICKARD will be called on to slgn it, because it was recognized that this might em- barrass them owing to the high sub- marine tonnage which the pact allots to France. The London treaty as ratified by the American senate provides for 52.- 000 tons of submarines for the Unit- ed States and Great Britain. The Franco-ltallan-Britlsh agreement pro- vides for 81,(D0 tons of submarines for the French navy. If this figure were to be inJerted in the London treaty It is possible the higher ton- nage would be questioned by the sen- ate and the whole treaty would need the senate's consent again. This the administration desired to avoid. Tim same parliamentary reason applies to the case of JapaL. Arthur Henderson, British foreign secretary, made public the terms of the three-power accord in a long mem- orandum. They cover three outstand- ing considerations in the armaments sltuatlom Technical problems of Eu- ropean naval power are swept away; renewal of an armaments race such as led to the World war has. it Is hoped, been prevented; success of the world disarmament conference at Geneva next year is brought meas- urably closer. The basis of the agreement as out- lined is the detailing of the limits of both the French and Italian building programs in all fleet categories until 1936. It is estimated by naval experts that France will ontinue to hold a superiority of about 157,000 tons over the Italian fleet, although this is not stated explicitly in the memorandum. NE of the State department's most valuable men, Undersecre- tary Joseph Potter Cotton, died In Baltimore after a long illness and two severe operations for spinal infec- tion. Mr. Cotton. who was' fifty-five years old and a native of .Rhode Is- land. worked under President Hoover when the latter was food adminis- trator and later secretary of com- merce. He was appointed to the state department post in 1929 and made a reputation for bls frank and direct diplomatic methods. LIVER WEN- dell Holmes, the grand old man of the Supreme court of the United States, cele- brated his ninetieth birthday n Sunday. and received at his home the affectionate congratulations o f countless friends and admirers, In the eve- ning the venerable as- Justica soclate Justice made Holmes his first radio speech, after listening to the tributes of Chief Justice Hughes and ethel's. Justice Holmes said, through the microphone: "In this symposium my part is only to sit in silence. To express one's feelings as the ena draws near Is too intimate a task. "But I may mention one thought that comes to me as a listener in," he added. "The riders in a race do not stop short when they reach the goal. There is a little finishing canter be- fore coming to a standstill. There Is time to hear the kind voices of friends and to say to one's self: "The work Is done.' But Just as one says that the-answer comes: 'The race ts over. but the work never is done while the power to work remains.' The canter that brings you to a standstill need not be only coming to rest. It cannot be, while you still live. For to live is to function. That is all there Is to liv- ing." Next day Justice Holmes achieved his ambition of hading down a decls- after he was ninety. In it the Su- preme court ruled that within the meaning of the motor vehicle theft act an airplane is not a motor vehicle. TEALING a march on the insurgent Republicans and Democrats, the Republican national committee an. nouneed the organization of an ad- visory council for agriculture, with Senator-Elect L. J. Dickinson of Iowa as Its chairman. The other members are enator Arthur Capper of Kansas and Representatives Robert G. Sim- mons of Nebraska and Fred S. Pur- nell of Indiana. ThlL council will have headquarters in Washington "and in the West, and will immediately he- gin work in the corn and wheat belts. One of its purposes, It was stated, is to be the "dissemination of accurate information regarding the various con. strucflve steps the administration has taken to aid the farmers and to save them from bankruptcy in this critical period of economic depression and drought." Two days after this announcement was made, the insurgents opened their scheduled conference the purpose of which was to demonstrate that the Hoover administration did little if anything to relieve the economic de- pression In the country. Five sesslons were held, each devoted to discussion of a major topic. Seantor Borah. who still advocates the export debenture, presided over the session on farm re- lief; Senator Norris, ehalrlnan at tile conference, presided over the public utilities session ; Senator Cutting over the representative government ses- sion, and Senator-Elect Costlgan of Colorado over that devoted to the tariff, All of these except Costigan are nominally Republicans. NE more campaign Issue was pro- vided for the Democrats when President Hoover vetoed the Wagner bill for a reorgauized employment service. Even If the measure is again introduced and passed by the next congress, the Democrats are sure to make the veto one of their principal talking points, claiming the bill should have been enacted and signed at the height of the business depression. MPRESS N A G- ako of .Tapan has given birth to a daughter, her fourth, and the imperial fami- ly and the Japanese nation are rejoicing am celebrating. But :he Joy is mainly over the safety of tile new princess anti her mother, and there is little concealment of t h e d.isappolntment Empreet that the child is not a Nagako son. The throne of apan can pass only to male descendants of the sun goddess and Emperor Htrohlto is yet without a direct heir to carry on the line that has been unbroken for many centuries. Prince Chichibu, the em- peror's next younger brother, contin- ues to be the heir presumptive. EAR ADMIRAL SAMUEL Mc- Gowan, retired, appearing before the war policies commission that is now conducting hearings, advocated the adoption of a constitutional amendment to prevent the country from going to war without a refer- endure of its citizens. He added the amendment also should provide that if the referendum resulted in war every able bodied male citizen be- tween the ages of eighteen and thirty- five be drafted. He advocated pro- hibltlng any increases In wages dur- ing war also. Chairman Johnson of the house veterans' committee and General Del- afield, former chairman of the war department board of contract adjust- ments, opposed the referendum plan as impracticable and unnecessary. Bernard M. Baruch, who was chair- man of the war industries board dur- ing the World war. proposed that, to prevent profiteering during a war, all prices should be fixed by Presidential proclamation at the prewar level. CORES of towns and villages In the Balkans, in Jugoslavia, Bul- garia and Greece, have been wrecked 'by earthquake shocks, and the though officially put at 150, probably numbered nearer 1,000. The temblors continued for several days. King Alex- ander of Jugoslavia and King Boris of Bulgaria both left their capitals and personally directed the relief work in the stricken districts, which was carried on effectively by the Red Cross. Terrific gales, accompanied by snow and extreme cold, swept over most of Europe during the week. and flooded rivers, blocked highways and delayed trains added t .the distress. The is- land of Mauritius was devastated by a hurricane that killed a number of persons and left Z0,000 homeless. Northwestern Japan had an earth- quake that destroyed many houses. ERU'S new provisional president is Lieut. Col. David Samanez Ocam- pc, and he has assumed the office in Lima after flying there from Arequlpa. Ocampo was the head of the "southern Junta" which was set up by Arequlpa revolutionaries. He and his to bring peace to the country, gave up their regime in .favor of the new Junta at the caplta, and Ocampo was promptly put at the head of the gov- ernment. ECRETARY of the Interior has ac- cepted the bid of the i Six Companies, Inc., of San FranCisco which offered to build the Hoover dam, pew- ' er house and appurt- enant works at the Boulder canyon proj- ect fo $48,890,995. rhib huge engineering Job, the biggest ever W. H. Wattis undertaken In the United States, will be directed for the present from a hospital in Sau Francisco, for William H. Wattls, president of the Six Companies, is confined In the institution. The entire project, including erec- tion of a dam and power house, in- stallation of machinery and building of a canal, is estimated to cost the tremendous total of $165,000,000. Con- gress has already autLorlzed expendi- ture of $108,000,000 for the dam and appurtenant work. AVY department officials announce that contracts for the construc- tion of at least six of the eleven de- stroyers appropriated for during the short session of congress will be awarded early this smnmer. The de- signs for the new destroyers call for the largest, most heavily armed, fastest and most seaworthy vessels of this class ever built for the Unit- ed States fleet. They will have a speed of 40 miles an hour, weigh 1,500 tons each, carry 5-1nch guns and, In addition, have a large fuel carry- Ing capacity to provide a larger ra- dius of action. I(), 1931. Western Newspaper Union.} Colorado State News Lamar. -- Oscar N. Leaveby was killed in an accident at the McClave mill of the Denver Alfalfa Milling & Products Company. Boulder.Warren F. Bleeckcr, for- mer state legislator from Boulder, was among Colorado residents granted patents recently. Bleecker patented a process for removing corrosive sul- phur compounds fl'om oil. Pueblo.--The Fueblo County Stock- growers' Association elected the fol- lowing officers: W. G. Mater, presi- dent; Russell Rose, vice president Walter S. Marriott, secretary-treas- urer; W. F. Mooney and J. E. Ware, board members. The group opposed any form of herd law for Colorado. Leyden.--For his bravery i warn- ing two other miners of tile flooding of a mine, Arthur Elwyn Hed(en, miner for the Leyden Lignite Com- pany here, has been awarded a gold medal and diploma by the Joseph A. Holmes Safety Associ'/tiou at Wash- ington, D. C., according to word re- ceived here. Limon.--Trees can be successfully grown on the plains of eastern Colo- rado and in practically all of the states of the West without irrigation. This is the claim of W. S. Pershing of Limon, who in the last fifty years has been responsible for the planting of more trees in more places in the east- era part of this state than any other man. Alamosa.--A. J. Hamman of Manza- nola, formerly field manager in the San Luis Valley for the American Beet Sugar Company, assumed duties as the new executive secretary of the Colorado state farm bureau. He was formally elected to the vacancy left by death of Edward Fair of Romeo, by the executive board of the farm bureau. Pueblo.--An order for 15,800 tons of steel rails, valued at three-fourths of a million dollars, has been placed with the Colorado Fuel & Iron Com- pany by the Western Pacific railroad. The rails will be rolled at the Minne- qua steel plant here at once and de- livered for use in replacing tracks between Cluro and Teaks and between Elburz and Alazon in Nevada. Greeley.--L, S. Nelson, local sports- man and official game fowl bander for the U. S. biological survey, gave a sorrowful reminder to duck hunters here a few days ago. If plans for proposed legislation now under way culminate successfully, Sl a flair for automatic shotguns and slaughtering ducks are going to be sadly disappointed, he said. Attempts to substitute pumpgun for automatics are being made. Denver.--Where thousands of In- dians once made their home, there is now only a scattering handful. Colo- rado, once the hunting ground of nu- merous trbes, now has an Indian pop- ulation of only 813, it is shown hy figures compiled by the stat boarl of immigration. The Indian population is made of the Mountain Utes and the Southern Utes, both located on reser- vations In the southwesteml part of the state. Oklahoma has the largest Indian population with 121,844, and Arizona is next with 47,072, Fort Collins.  Within the past twenty years, a thriving industry has been developed in the West, and par- ticularly in southern Colorado--that of growing Pinto beans. These beans are delicious and are quite as valu- able as Navy or white dried ACcording to Miriam J. Williams of the Colorado Agricultural College, beans, when dried, are changed in composition, losing a great deal of water and increasing in protein and starch content. They have a much higher percentage of protein than mos vegetables, although the protein found is not complete. Gunnison.--Old King Winter made his last stand against approaching spring 10,000 feet up in the Rockies near Gunnison, when he presided over a spectacular winter carnival, the fea- ture of which was the selection and crowning of a queen. Three coed can- didates selected by leading organiza- tions competed for the honor of queen on qualities of sportmanship. Eva Chebuhar of Pueblo won over her rt- vals, MarJorie Foreman of Buen Vista, Colo., and Mary Kawchack of Craig, Colo., who attended her at the coronation. A coterie of bathing beau- ties tobogganed and snowballed each other on hillsides covered with three feet of snow-. Canon City.--All facilities in the new central building, Just complete.d at the penitentiary at Canon City. are now in use. This building, erected en- tirely with convict labor, replaces the old central building destroyed by fire in the mutiny of October, 1929. It houses the mess hall, the deputy war- den's office, the guard's room, the ]t. brary, the barber shop and the finger- printing and photographing depart- ments. The building is of reinforced concrete and modern in every way. Several important changes have been made in the facilities for admitting guards to the tower that guards the mess hall. An underground lassage has been provided for this purpose. Durango.-- Secretary Wilbur ap- pointed C. M. Firman superintendent of the Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, effective March 16. Firman has been chief ranger of the park. Englewood.--Stephan Pass, who was arrested in 1929 in connection with the robbery of the Engiewood State Bank, lost his suit to collect $10,753 damages from the bank and Clara J. Cameron, one of it employees. The information against Pass, charging aggravated robbery, was filed in Arap- ahos county. Pass was held In Jail twenty-two days. ---child needs Castoria WHEN a child is fretful and h'titable, seems distressed and un- comfortable, can't play, can't sleep, it is a pretty sure sign that some- thing is wrong. Right here is where Castoria fits into a child's scheme--- the very purpose for which it was formulated years ago! A few drops and the condition which caused the trouble is righted; comfort quickly brings restful sleep. Nothing can take the place of Castoria for children; it's perfectly harmless, yet always effective. For the protection of your wee one-- for your own peace of mind--keep this old reliable preparation always on hand. But don't keep it just for emergencies; let it be an every-day aid. Its gentle action will ease and soothe the infant who cannot sleep. In more liberal doses itwill effectively help to regulate siuggi bowels in an older child. All druggists have Castoria; it's genuine if you see Chas. H. Fle tcher' signature and this name-plate: i llillllliiitllll liilI [(l[[I lt lt(ll[illllilllillilllll llillllllilY P-_. __-- - I# .. ,--assurance oja suo00. healthy scalp. Ylt Imo'oe$ irritation); then champ(o_ with a strong suds, or with a [ soft soap made by all, siring shavings of Cutleura l rashes and Soap m a little Taot water.You will be pleased with [ b/em/ahes, too the healthiness of your scalp. . [ SOal25c. Oimmt 50. md 50. TIcum2e. ShavlnCa-eam$S | 'opt Potte Drug & Chemical Corpomflo  Mmm. | Tt7 'e ew Cm/ea Shav/Wl Omma" " *" I I I I A Civil War Memory The sale of e Jack Paul grocery store at Mexico, Me., reminded J. W. Coakley, eighty-,ice-year-old Confed- erate veteran, that he had transacted business with fouregenerations of the Paul family, three in Missouri and one in Virginia. He recalled that in 1862"after the Yankees had captured the salt mines near his home, and the price of salt had soared, he rode horseback for six miles to the Paul store at Harrisonburg, paying $1 for four pounds of coarse barrel salt.-- Inanapolis News. MOTHERS ARE LEARN. ING USES OF MAGNESIA From the beginning of expectancy lntil baby is weaned, Phillips' Milk of Magnesia performs the greatest service for many women. It relieves nausea, heartburn, "morning sickness," inclination to vomit ; helps digestion. Its mild lax- ative actiou assures regular bowel movement. Phillips' Milk of Magnesia is bet- ter than lime water for neutrallzlng cow's milk for infant feeding. All drugstores have Phillips' Milk of Magnesia in generous 25c and ,50c bottles. Always insist on tile gen]jlne, endorsed by physicians for 50 years. Bright children shouldn't know it too well. The heart contracts as the pocket expands.--Bovee. Without Poiso00 41 New IExterm|nator tha Won'/'# iveefocke PoulfrF Jrg#, cates or even Baby (hick# K-R-O can be used about the home,barn or poul- try yard with absolute safety as it contains leadb/po|sen. K-R-O is made of SqoiU, as recom- mended by LI.S. Dept. of Agriculture, oven-drie under the Connable process which insures max- imum strength. Used by County Agents !n mo rat -killing campaigns, olley-llk ra Insist upon K-R-O,t he original Squill extermin- ator.All dr ugglst s. 75c, $I.S, $2.. Direct If deals, cannot Supply you K-R-O Co..Sprlngfield. Ohio K-00-O KI LLS- RATS-ON LY * Tree Had Sealed Pipe When A. R. Sullivan, of Tacoma,. picked up a piece of wood to throw' Into his stove, dos: examination dis- closed that an old pipe had bee sealed in tlle heart of a tree, am that 80 rings had ground around it. William Bonney, curator of the Washington State H;storical society, declared that the pipe had proi)al)ly been placed in a hole in a fir tree nearly 100 years ago by some trap per or hunter. Keeping It Going "I want to see the boss." "What do you want to see hin about ?" "About a Job." "I'm sorry, but you can't see hlm 7. he's tn sn unemployment confer- ence."--Judge. ii::iii::iii::iii: Fol* We all catch colds and they can make us miserable ; but yours needn't last long ff you will do this: Take two or three tablets of Bayer Aspirin just  ,oon a possible after a cold starts..Stay in the house ff yot can--keep warm. Bepeat wth another tablet or tw@ of Bayer Aspirin every three or four hours, ff those symptoms of cold persist. Take a good laxative whe you retire, and keep bowels open. If throat is sore, dissolve three tablets m a quarter-glassful of water .an.d gargle. This soothes inlammation and reduces infection. There is nothing like Bayer Aspirin for sz cold, or sore throat. And it relieves aches and pains almost instantly. The genuine tablets, marked Bayer, are absolutely harmless to the heart. B.00YE I1 A00PIIIIN Airla k the trade mark M "Bayer Manufaetum of Moaticaeldtr at lid