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The Saguache Crescent
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April 9, 1931     The Saguache Crescent
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April 9, 1931

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4 By ELMO SCOTT WATSON PRIL 28 is the anniversary of the birth of James Monroe, soldier, statesman, fifth President of the United States and that date finds preparations under way in Virginia, "tt m Mother of Presidents," for honoring the memory of one of her most Xersatile sons. On July 4 of this year there will be held a cele- bration of the centennial of his death In which the whole na- tion will be asked to partici- pate, and at the University of Virginia at Char- lottesviUe, Va., where the principal observance will be held, President Hoover will speak for the nation in paylbg tribute to his memory. At that time Ash Lawn, Monroe's home near Charlottesville, where he lived for 26 years, will be dedicated as a national shrine. Several months ago Jay W. Johns, a Virginian, whose home is in Pittsburgh, Pa., and who is a mem- ber of Gov. John Garland Poilard's Virginia Monroe Centennial commission, purchased Ash Lawn with the idea of presenting it to the na- tion as a patriotic shrine and his gift will be formally accepted and dedicated on Independ- ence day. Another feature of the celebration will be the unveiling of a statue of Monroe which has had an interesting history. It is the "lost statue" of Monroe, made 33 years ago by Attilio Picci- rilli, New York sculptor, by order of President Crespo of Venezuela, following a dispute be- tween England and Venezuela in which Presi- dent Grover Cleveland intervened under the Monroe Doctrine. President Crespo had planned to place the statue before the capitol in Cara- cas, but before It could be sent to South Amer- ica a revolution overthrew Crespo's government and he died in Jail. Since Hat time the statue has remained in the sculptor's studio and it was by accident that Mr. Johns discovered it and purchased it. When it is unveiled at Ash Lawn it will be the first statue of Monroe to be erected in his native state. Monroe was the last of the "Virginia dynasty" of Presidents---Washington, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe--in 'the early years of the Republic. But the fame of two of them, Washington and Jefferson, have so overshadowed his that few Americans realize what a versatile man he was nnd how important a part he played in some of the history-making events of those years. Born in the Rappahannock Valley in West - moreland county, not far from the birthplace of Washington and in the neighborhood of the famous 'Lee family, Monroe was the descendant of a line of Scotch cavaliers who had emigrated to Virginia at early colonial times. Like many other famous Vlrginians, Monroe entered Wil- Ham and Mary college at Williamsburg and he was a student there at the outbreak of the Rev- olution. His father, Spence Monroe, a farmer. had been one of the leaders in Westmoreland county in taking a determined stand against the Stamp Act and when at the outbreak of hostili- ties three of the professors and about 30 of the students at William and Mary left school to Join Washington's army, Monroe was eager to Join them. So in 1776 he marched away aM a lieutenant of the Third Virginia regiment, commanded by Col. Hugh Mercer, a personal friend of Wash- ington and proprietor of an apothecary shop in Fredericksburg, where lived Washington's moth- er and sister. In the same regiment was another young Virginian, a classmate of Monroe's, des- tined for future fame as Chief Justice of the United State---John Marshall. Monroe served under Washington at White Plains and at Har- lem, he crossed the Delaware with him and was wounded in the battle of Trenton. He also took part in the battles of Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth and eventually" rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. Washington appreciated the value of his serv- ices and tried to have him promoted, but Vir- ginia did nothing further for him. Hurt deeply by thi neglect, Monroe was considering taking up diplomatic work in Europe when the war ended, but he was finally persuaded to attach his fortunes to those of Thomas Jefferson who. had become governor of Virginia and thus be- gan the lifelong friendship between the two men which was to have such an important effect on Monroe's career. He soon entered public life as a member of the Virginia assembly and then as a member of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth congresses of the Confederation. He was elected to the convention to ratify the new Constitution and aligned him- self with Patrick Henry in opposition to It. He believed that it gave the executive too much power. Later, however, he assented to its rail. flcation by Virginia, with the understanding that the proposed amendments should be accepted. @ THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT O 1. James Monroe, fifth President of the United States. 2. Attllio Piccrilli, New York sculptor, with his statue of President Monroe which is to be given a permanent location at Ash Lawn, near Charlottesville, Vs., Monroe's home for 26 years, after being in the sculptor's studio for many years. It is 11 feet high, double the life size of its subject, made from a solid block of Car- rats marble and weighs three tons. It was made after the Vanderlyn portrait of Monroe and rep- resents him at.the age of fifty. 3. The dilapidated mansion at 95 Crosby street, New York City, in which President Mon- roe died on July 4, 1831, was sold at public auc- tion a few years ago when the American SCenic and Historic Preservation society, which had bought it, wal unable to provide for its upkeep. 4. Laurence Gouverneur Hoes and his mother, Mrs. Rose Gouverneur Hoes of Washington, D. C., at the entrance of the law office of President Monroe in Fredericksburg, Vs. Mr. Hoes, a great-great-grandson of Monroe, purchased the building and on April 28, 1923, the one hundred seventieth anniversary of Monroe's birth, it was dedicated as a Monroe shrine. 5. Mrs. Role Gouverneur Hoes of Washington, D. C., great-granddaughter of President Monroe, placitlg a wreath on the grave of Monroe in Richmond, Vs., on the anniversary of his birth. He was one of the first Virginians to take office under the Constitution. The first senators chosen were Richard Henry Lee. and William Grayson. Very soon afterwards Grayson died and Morn'pc was selected to succeed him, align- lng himself with the Anti-Federalists. He re- signed in May, 1794, to become the diplomatic representative of tke United States at I'aris. The position was a difficult one, as both England and France were treating our new na- tion with contempt, although at war with each other and the danger was that we might become involved in war either with one or the other. To make the matter worse this country was divided into two factions, one wanting to go to war with England to hel*p France and the othex favorably disposed toward England. Although the otspoken friend of France, Monroe did what he believed best to avoid war, although his acts were subject to bitter criticism at the time. Returning to America he was made governor of Vlrglnla and served for three years. At about this time Spain ceded the Louisiana territory back to France, and as the right to the naviga- tion of the lower Mississippi river was a burn- ing question, our government decided to try to purchase the mouth of the river from France. Here was an opportunity for Jefferson to give Monroe a chance to go back to France and re- trieve his diplomatic fortunes. vile was selected as a special envoy to visit Paris and help Robert Livingston, the resident minister, treat for the Louisiana purchase Napoleon, in view of the expected renewal of hostilities with England, figured that he would probably lose this territory by conquest and was ready to deal ; he refused, however, to treat for the sale of the mouth of the river and said in his blunt way : "Buy the whole or none" He asked one hundred million francs. Following his successful deal in Paris, Monroe went to London to assist in drawing a treaty touching our maritime grievances with Great Britain. This treaty contained no provision against the future impressment of our seamen and President Jefferson pigeonholed it without sending it to the senate. Monroe returned to America in 1807 and was agailr elected governor of Virginia, although hls success in France had been somewhat dampened by his failure in England. Monroe served only a short time as governor of Virginia and then resigned to become secre- tary of state in the cabinet of President James Madison, a position which he held until 1817. In 1814-15 he acted as secretary of war in addi- tion to performing hiM" duties as head of the State department. This was during the time when our unprepared government was trying to "'bhmder through" with the second war with England when tile British had captured Wash- ington and burned the Capitol and Madison and him cabinet had been forced to seek refuge in Virginia. Monroe's service in the Revolution stood him in good stead then. He took charge of the. mili- tary situation around the Capital and soon brought some semblance of order out of those panicky times which saved the government from dissolution and from conquest by the British. It was Monroe who ordered Gen. Andrew Jackson to march at once for New Orleans with his militia, without waiting for government arms and this promptness undoubtedly had something to do with Jackson's great victory there. :By now Monroe had held virtually every im- portant elective office and it seemed only nat- ural that he should become the candidate for President in 1816. His victory over his oppo- nent, Rufus King, was an masy one, Monroe re- ceiving 183 electoral votes Ib King's 34. So pop- ular was Monroe's administration that in 1820 he was almost unanimously re-elected, there be- ing one electoral vote cast against hlm. He received 231 out of 2. The second administration of Monroe became famous as the "Era of Good Feeling," when sectional and political jealousies and hatreds were little in evidence and the whole country was apparently united in the cause of progress a decided contrast to the administration which followed. More than that a number of impor- tant events took place under his two administra- tions, outstanding among them being the pro- mulgation of what has since been known as the Monroe Doctrine, the Seminole war, defenses of tile Atlantic seaboard, the Missouri compromise, the acquisition of Florida, the problem of re- sisting European interference in American af- fairs, and the reception of General Lafayette, a national visitor. Monroe left the White House a poor man. For a time he served as a Justice of the peace in Virginia and as a regent of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville where he, with Jef- ferson and Madison, gave much personal atten- tion to the duties of that position. Fate ruled that this great Virginian should not, when his time came to die, lay himself down to his final rest on his native soil. He died in New York city on July 4, 1831--on Independence day, a fltng date for the end to come to this man who had fought for that independence and had seen the new nation grow up from the work of him and of other patriots. But James Monroe came back at last to the land of his birth. In 1858 on the hundredth anniversary of his birth his hody was removed from its burial place in New York and placed in Hollywood cemetery in Rich. mend, Va., where his tomb is a shrine for all patriotic pilgrims to the Virginia capital, ( by Western NwsplS Union.) Colorado State News Alamosa. -- Jack lrd, secretary- treasurer of the defunet Specification Motoroii System of Alamosa county, was fincd $150 on gas tax and filling station license evasion in District Court by Judge John I. Palmer. Colorado Springs. -- Mrs. Frances Smith Catron of Ponce City, Okla., was elected president of the South- western Music Supervisors' Confer- once at the closing session here. She was formerly vice president and suc- ceeds Mrs. Grace V. Wilson of Wichi- ta, Ken. Falcon.--The State Public Utilities ('ommission in Denver has ordered postponed until August 6 effective- hess of the Rock Island railroad's pro- posal to close its agency station at Fah.on. The railroad contended busi- ness at the station did not justify the expense of continuing the agency. Longmont.--Sugar beet growers of the Longmont area voted 24-23 to sus- tain the Rocky Mount'do Beet Grow- ers' Association in its refusal of the $5.50 contract offered by the Great Western Sugar Company, and decided by the same vote to restrict acreage to 60 per cent. Colorado Springs.--Award of schol. arshiIs by the various sections of the musical supervisors conference pro- rides entry to that national musical organizqtion. Announcement of the award of the Eastman scholarship of $100 to Miss Hazel Drown of the Myron Stratton home of this city as the best student musician in Colorado Springs had already been made. Greeley.--The big snowstorm which engulfed the Rocky Mountain West killed more than 10,000 pheasants in this district, Game Warden J. Stenly said. More than 100 of the birds were, turned over to him. They were given to poor families for food. The rav- ages of the storm among the flocks likely vill eliminate any open season on pheasants this year, Stenly said. Grand Junction. --Representatives of the Western Colorado Beet Grow- ers' Association voted to release asso- ciation mnbers to exercise individ- ual judgment in contracting for acre- age with the Holly Sugar Co. The representatives from the Delta and Grand Junction beet growing districts said they believed the $5.50 minimum price contract offered by the Holly with a sliding scale was the best ob- tainable this year. Colorado Springs.--Cecil Effinger, 16-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Stan- ley S. Effinger, 718 West Pike's Peak avenue, was adjudged the outstanding musician of the hundredsffepresent- tng every section of the southwest at the music supervisors conference here. He will receive the Presser scholar- ship of $150 toward his tuttion at the national high school baml anti or- chestra ,$'amp at Interlochen, Mich., next summer. Durango.--Nearly $200,000 will be spent in Mesa Verde National park this summer in road coustruction and the building of trails and minor roads. The national parks service in Wash- ington is preparing to advertise for bids on the $185,000 project to put in the sub-base surfacing on the seven. teen-mile entrance road. Next year the top will be oil processed and the park will then be approached by one of the finest mountain highways in existence. Kiowa.--Farm record keeping is 'on the increase in the Pike's Peak re- gion this year, particularly in Elbert and El Paso counties. Bankers are co-operating in the work pin Elbert county. They will assist farmers in taking annual inventories, in the mak- ing of credit statements and in keep- ing cost accounts on field crops, in line with a plan discussed before bankers by Fred C. Jans, extension economist in farm management for the Agricultural Collage. Greeley. -- Directors of Mountain States Beet Growers' Marketing Asso- ciation wound up negotiations over the 1931 Colorado sugar beet contract by releasing members from their acreage restriction agreement. As a result of this action, taken at a meeting here: members of the organization will be free to deal directly as individuals in accepting or refusing the $5.50 a ton minimum price contract offered by Great Western Sugar Co. for the year's beet crop. The guaranteed price last year was $7 a ton. Holly.--Many hundreds of mourners crowded into the armory here. the largest structure in town. There last rites were held for the five youngsters who perished in the stranded Pleasant Hill school bus and the martyr hum driver, who gave his llfe in a desper- ate effort to save his young charges. Others, from all walks of llfe in the blizzard-swept plains district of Holly and Towner, Joined in spirit in the prayer for the dead. The five chil- dren were frozen to death in a school bus stranded in a blizzard forty-five miles notheast of Lmar. Eighteen other children, occupants of the bus, were in a serious condition. Durango.--Members of the Colorado Wool Growers' "Association will ,hold their annual convention in Durango, Juy 27 and 28. Sheepman of the San Juan basin are making plans for en- tertaining between 500 and 600 wool growers in true Western style. Blanca.--The Blanca State bank, with deposits of $60,000, was closed recently. Shrinking deposits which prevented the haxk from making a profit, brought the decision to liqui- date voluntarily, bank officials said. All depositors will be paid in full, $. M. Plnney, cashier, believes.. J MANY DISORDERS OF FOWL Ailments Cause  to Poultry Owners (Prepared by the United States of Agrieulture.)--x,YND Service, Preventive measures plied constitute the best means trolling poultry diseases and sites, says the United States sent of Agriculture in letin 1652-F, Diseases and Poultry, Just issued. This describes the various parasites of dmaesticated birds, pultry owner may apply the proper control All kinds of poultry are to diseases and parasites, which cause serious loss to flock era who ignore the danger. the precautionary measures are the immediate separation b:rds from .healthy flocks, moral of droppings, sanitation and water Utensils, and the clean soil in runways for both and old birds. Good d stroy the germs of contagious parasites such as mites, acd ia cases the eggs of parasitic the most severe damage from sites occurs among young birds, i special care to protect them faction. Among the most serious eases described in the bulletin bacillary white diarrhea of cheeks and avian tuberculosis affects principally old birds. diesis among young ehieks and bead of turkeys are mentioned portent parasitic diseases. and worms take a toll in flocks. The publicat ments such as roup, colds. and others resulting from The bulletin is a revision of supersedes a former Farmers' tin entitled Diseases of Farmers' Bulletin 1652-F may tained on application to the Informatfon, United States sent of Agriculture, Washington, Starving chick Disproved at The popular belief that baby should be starved for tile first 72 hours to prevent bowel finally been disproved, L. M. Hurd of Cornell university, is now definitely knows that feeding is not harmful. I]owever, delayed feeding is harmful, providing it is not too far; 72 hours seems to be the limit. Results from several sent stations, including this finding. Furthermore, two specialists of the United States partment of Agriculture, Burs Haywang and Dr. M. A. Jult, that early feeding actually stimulate yolk assimilation in chick. Under normal conditions it is to feed the chicks early or before are 48 hours old ; 36 hours is If there is any special reason holding food for the first two or days, it can be done without the of stunting the chicks. Baby shipped by parcel post or by should not be fed before bein Poultry Facts Chicks from poor-laying strains expensive at any price. Coccidiosis usually occurs in chicks from two to eight weeks Straw lofts provide poultry ventilation without drafts and minimum loss of heat. Keeping pullets In a house hot and overcrowded prevents growth and development, and cause disease. The better the care, the feeding the condition a heavy laying kept in, the better the corn result will be. $ $ All cockrels and nndersized should be removed from the that the Promising pullets will more room. Attention should be glveu during the summer as neglect this critical period will affect egg production permanently, Clean, wholesome feed and comfortable houses are essential pullets are to develop and lay a number of eggs in the early fall prices are high. says an expert. @ $ Watch for the little red which hide in the cracks and of roosts, supports and walls. small parasites suck the blood chickens at night. A good mite can be used on the roosts and ports for their control. Cleanliness in te *runs is essential as in the houses. Too the yards are overlooked. If the are bare of vegetation, they be scraped or raked often prevent them from getting filthy. ! casional spading Is advisable. I i