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The Saguache Crescent
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April 11, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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April 11, 1901
 

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Sfole from Vncle Sam. Charges lately having been made at the office of the commissary general that large quantities of valuable stores shipped from San Francisco for Manila have been disappearing for several months, Secretary Root cabled orders to General MacArthur to make a thorough investigation for the pur- pose of ascertaining if there was not a conspiracy to defraud the govern- ment. The arrest of Captain Barrows, quartermaster of the department of Southern Luzon, and the rest of his accomplices was the direct result of "these orders. It is not stated how extensive have 'been the government's losses, but it is believed that they will amount to several hundred thousand dollars in the aggregate. The name of .the con- tractor who has been placed under ar- rest is being withheld for reasons best known to the secretary of war. He is ,believed to be the dominating figure of the conspiracy, and when the facts are all known the secretary and ad- Jutant general are convinced that it )will be disclosed that he is the man iwho has made it easy for Barrows and '~his commissary sergeants to dispose Iof government flour and other rations and collect cash from the persons to whom they were delivered. The information that has reached Washington thus far proves that the commissary system in the East is con- dusted in a loose manner. The fact that the losses have been going on ~or months is causing Secretary Root and the president a great deal of annoy- ance and will doubtless urge them to demand that drastic measures be tak- en, not only to punish everybody con- cerned, but to put an end to future raids on army stores. It is feared that when the facts are all known it will be found that the i raiding has not been confined to Ma- nila, but extends throughout the entire department of the Philippines and that [ ~he losses will amount to upward Of r$1,000,000. What the war department fears is that Barrows is simply a cog in a vast machine that has been op- CAPT. J. F. BARROWS. [AccUsed of Being the Head of a Big Army Commissary Swindle in Manila.] orating to defraud the government and that many other men better known than himself will be dragged into the scandal before it has been closed. ~ea#h of ,Sir John .,~alner. Following closely upon the death of Sir Arthur Sullivan, England has lost another of its eminent musicians, Sir John Stainer, professor of music in Oxford university. Though not so widely known as Sullivan, whose repu- tation was largely due to his operet- tas, Professor Stainer was in every respect as well equipped a musician. 'His larger works were only a few can- tatas, of which "The Daughter of Jal- rus" and "St. Mary Magdalene" are the most important, but he greatly en- riched English psalmody as well as secular music with his hymns, an- thems and songs. As teacher and mu- sical scholar he stood at the head of his profession in England, and besides this had national fame as an organist. ~is various treatises upon harmony, composition and the science of music are among the best of their class, and the "Dictionary of Musical Terms," which he published Jointly with W. A. Barrett, is the standard authority of its' kind in English. He received the highest honors for his scholarship, and ~Ltl ~ong be remembered as one of the most proficient of contemporary scien- tific musicians. Johnston l~r a ~arado~. Tom L. Johnson, who has been elect- ed mayor of Cleveland upon a demo- cratic ticket, one of the main planks of which is the upholding of the 3-cent car fare propOsition, is one of the ~etrang anomalies of the country,, and withal a man who has many friends because of his intense earnestness in any work which he undertakes. To un- derstand something of the paradoxical nature of the new mayor of Cleveland it is necessary to compare the follow- in@ facts: A manufacturer Of the most bl~hl~ mmte~ted steel rail. he is a ires trader of the most pronounced kin~ a trolley king who has driven out com- petition in the cities where he has large traction interests, he ts at the same time the fiercest foe to monopo- lies and monopolists in the country; a very large owner of real estate, hs is the leader of the disciples of Henry George and has given largely of his wealth to the furtherance of the cause of the single tax movement; a gold standard man, he was one of Bryan's most enthusiastic supporters. That he left the traction world ot Cleveland some time ago is but a mere incident in his desire to represent the clty as its mayor, He is quite capa- ble of supporting a plank in a platform which he would oppose from a business point of view, not from insincerity, but rather from an earnest theoretical idea of what is to be desired in a utopian world, and also a practical TOM L. JOHNSON. knowledge of what is necessary to business in a world which Is not uto- pian. His properties, which are represent- ed as nearing $10,000,000, have been obtained entirely by his relentless energy and foresight of felds available for labor. He started in llf0 without a high school education and traveled rapidly, through the various stages of nbwsboy, clerk, worker at a furnace mouth and bookkeeper In a railroad office. He soon saw the advantage of the street railway interests from a money-making point of view, and, as he married a wealthy woman early in life, he obtained a small beginning. in Indianapolis, from which time he has worked onward to his presen~ prominent position. ~e~ard.for a ~'ekin Hero. Calvin P. Titus. the musician of the Fourteenth Infantry who was the first soldier to scale the walls at Pekin, has been appointed by the President a cadet-at-large at the Milltaley Academy He will have to come to this country to take the examination. Adjutant General Corbin has cabled General MacArthur at Manila to send young Titus home on the first available trans- port, Titus earned his appointment at the relief of the Pekin siege last October by climbing the city wall with a rope, which he lowered to his comrades, enabling them to follow. He was slightly wounded by a Chinese bullet as he reached the top of the wall. All the officers of his regiment, the Four- teenth, serving in China. joined in a petition to the President for the ap- pointment of Titus to West Point, say- ing they are satisfied that upon gradu- ation from the academy he will make an excellent officer. Their petition characterizes him as proved to be "trustworthy, intelligent, sober, brave. and a thorough soldier." Young ~itus was born in Clinton Is. His parents died when he was a child and left him in the care of the Rev. CALVIN P. TITUS. W. G. Lee, a captain in the Salvation Army. When the Spanish war broke out he was in Sha2tsbury, Vt., and promptly enlisted as a musician In the First Regiment from that state for service in Cuba. On his discharge, at the close of the war, he went West again and enlisted in the regulars as a bugler in the Fourteenth Infantry. He was assigned to Company E and served in the Philippines until the command was orderQd to China. He will enter West Point with the experience of throe warb to back him. WILL HONOR A HERO. MONUMENT TO BE ERECTED TO GEN. MONTGOMERY. Ho Fell at ~uebee Flghtine for the Ca~ of the Yogas Republic ~nd Itl Constitution--Almost Forgotten Even in His tory. The city of Quebec is to be embel- lished by a monument to the memory of an American hero, the Massachu- setts Society of Sons of the Revolution having decided to erect there a me- morial shaft to Gen. Richard Mont- gomery, who fell in the desperate at- tack upon that city. Gen. Montgomery was one of the first eight brigadier generals of the revolution, and had not an untimely death cut short his brilliant career he would undoubtedly have been one of the most distinguished generals gar- landed on the pages of American his- tory. The spot where he fell, pierced by an English bullet, is very imperfectly marked by a wooden signboard high up on the cliff. This is far from wor- thy of the gallant general whose fall it so crudely eommemmorates. Wa~ter Gillman Page in~ a visit to Quebec last year visited this historic spot, and the result of this visit was the deter- mination on his part to secure a more fitting memorial. Was of Trish Orlsln. Gen. Montgomery was an Irishman by birth. During his youth he served in the British army and took part in the old French and Indian wars. After the close of this seven years' struggle be went back to England. But so warmly had h, ls sympathies turned to the new world that he returned before the outbreak of the revolution and settled in a beautiful country place on the banks of the Hudson. He was chosen a member of the first provincial congress that met in /- GEN. MONTGOMERY. New Yol"k in April 1775, and shortly after was appointed a brigadier gen- eral in the Continental army. As he bade his wife good-bye he said: "Trust me, you shall never blush ior rour Montgomery." Gem Montgomery fell while leading his men in the attack of December 31, 1775. Through the courtesy of the British general, who greatly respected him. Gen. Montgomery was .buried with all the honors of war within the city walls of Quebec. EVARTB GOT HIS FEE. Una~we~ble Argument When Re- duction Was Intimnt~d. From a story related by a New York lawyer it can be Inferred that the late William M. Evarts held his services at a good round figure. It also seems tkat he was clever In avoiding any re- duction In his charges when the time for payment came. The lawyer says, "I was employed once in a suit of con- siderable importance in which my client was a lagy. To insure success It was thought advisable to secure the services of distinguished counsel, and accordingly I was authorized to em- ploy Mr. Evarts. After talking over the matter with him, on rising to go, I said to Mr. Evarts that It would be the proper thing to give him a retain- er, and asked him for what amount I should make out a check in his favor. "'Oh,' said he, 'I guess $1,000 will suffice,' and thereupon I tendered him the paper for that sum. "Not long afterward the suit was s~ttled to our satisfaction, and again I called on Mr. Evarts, this time to pay him in full for his services, which had not been of an arduous nature. "'~Iow much do we owe you.~ I said, "'Call it $5,000,' he responded, with- out a moment's hesitation. I thought this a little steep in view of the cir- cumstances, and I started in with a mild protest. "'You know Mr. Evarts, that you'vV had $I,0007 "'Yes,' he said, with a dry smile, 'but I've spent that.' "This was an unanswerable argu- ment, and all further effort at reduc- tion ceased." Two ~[onntor Locomotives. The two largest locomotives in the world have Just been placed in opera- tion on the Plttsburg, Bessemer & Lake Erie Railroad. They are now hauling the great Carnegie ore trains between Albion and Conneaut, O. Fol- lowing are some interesting statistics of these steel monsters: Weight, each, 376,000 pounds, or 138 tons; dlameter of the smallest ring in the boiler, 78 inches; water supply, 7,500 gallons; length, 64 feet S inches; working steam pressure, 220 pounds to the ,square inch. The connecting rod alone weighs 1,700 pounds, and is made of armor steel A man of average height can easily stand erect in the fire box. DIVING FOR PEARL~, ]~P~'Jplnos Show Groat Endurance nt Thell Exhauetln~ Labors. As everyone knows, pearls are ob. talned from the ocean's bed. They ,ire found in the shells that were once the homes of deep-water clams and other bivalves. Fishing for these precious stones is a profitable industry~ and some of the richest fields where they are found are on the shores of the Philippine Islands. Early in the morning the Sulu or Viscayan, denuded of attire, propels his banca, or boat, ,v~ ~he bed and anchors it with a heavy stone. He is provided with a small but heavy cuchillo and a bag of netting. Drop- ping overboard, he sinks rapidly by the aid of a lump of raw copper. This is prevented from being lost by a rope, and as the waters are transparent the actions of the divers can be easily seen. They are experts in aquatic work and can remain beneath ~he clear waters for an Incredible length o~ time. The usual depth of the opera- lions is not more than 30 to 40 feet. though 80 feet has been attained at Palawan. Once at the bottom the diver quickly and deftly cuts the shells from the !rocks in his immediate vicinity and then draws himself to the surface. while filling his net he usually remains under water .for a period of 60 to 90 seconds, though some of the most ex- !pert hold records that reach five and three-quarter minutes. While at work [they are often attacked by ravenous !sharks. These they either frighten or fight off, hut there is one thing far deadlier they all succomb to. That is the exhausting nature of their labor, accentuated by the contrasting tem- peratures of the cold wa~er and the tropical sun above. Their lives are of short duration after once adopting pearl diving as a profession. OVERCAME GREAT OBSTACLES. An Indl~ B~Uwny ~h~t Cost ~lOO,O00- O00 end 6,000 Lives, Probably the biggest triumph ever achieved by the Britons, wrought into a success after a fearful harvest of des- pair and ruin, is the Sibbi.railway, in India. It was a bigger job than any war that occurred in the country, and in the first year of its construction 200 lives were lost, The second year saw the whole trunk work ruined by storm. snow and a mob of natives, who de- stroyed the line. Another three months brought the building to a standstill through disease and want of material, and all who were not en- gaged in the work wanted it stopped for good. Nothing daunted the toilers however, and ~_e next year brought famine and plague---a combination which killed off 2,000 men, and left the management crippled for want of hands and officers. The adds were said to be 200 to 1 against success; but the band of workers went stubbornly on, and before long had all the native tribes in the neighborhood about their ears. A regiment had to be brought up to defend the half-made line, all the workers were armed, and they had equal spells of fighting and toiling every day. There were 30.000 men engaged on the business at once apart from the military; when, during the third year, a second visitation of fever and draught threatened to effec- tually finish off the last ~hance of suc- cess. There was no beating them, however, and the line was finally com- pleted and made into a brilliant suc- cess, after six years of work at a cost of $100.000.000. 6,000 llve.s and 15,00! eases of sickness and wounds. SCARED THE WILD BEASTS, Travelers gavel from Lions by Imitating the Ho~ls of W~lve~ M. Foe, the French explorer, says that lions have a wholesome fear of African wolves, which hunt in packs and do not scruple to attack even the lion. There are terrible battles, in which the lion succumbs to numbers and dies fighting. In connection with the lion's fear of wolves, Mr. Foa tells a story from his own experience, It was a very dark night, so dark that trees cquld not be distinguished until the travelers were close upon them. Lions prowled ~bout the party, one of them roaring from a point so close as to have an alarming effect on the nerves. Reaching a tree the men found one of their comrades, with rifle cocked, peering into the darkne~, try- ing to discover the whereabouts of the animals, which could be plainly heard walking among the leaves. A seeon man was trying to relight a half-ex- tinguished torch. Still the lions could be heard coming and going in the darkness. At this ~olnt the native servant whispered the advice to imi- tate the cry of wolves in the distance, The party at once began barking and crying "Hu! hu! hu!" in an undertone, as if the p~ck were still at a distance, while the man at the camp made the same well-imitated cry. The effect was instantaneous. There was the sound of a rapid stampede across the dry leaves. The lions decamped in a panic, driven off by the supposed approach of a pack of Wolves. For the rest of the night the party was undisturbed. Compllmentarr Words. In a letter to the Globe. referring to a biography of himself, printed a few weeks ago, ex-Gov. Frederick Hol- brook, of Vermont, says: "It was In strictly good taste, complimentary, without being too fulsome. The pic- ture of me is an exceptionally well executed piece of newspaper work; In- deed, one very seldom sees its equal in work of newspaper and printer's ink." Complimentary words, the source of which adds to their value and makes them all tthe more ap-reciated. P'AL@ E ~ROUP. TI~ is a form of laryngitis, occur- ring in young children, which is ac- companled by a spasmodic drawing to- gether of the vocal cords, occasioning more or less difficulty in breathing. It is usually called simply croup by both mothers and doctors, but is a much less serious affection than true croup. True croup is an inflammation, usually diphtheritic, with a membranous exu- dation filling up the larnyx, whereas false croup is spasmodic and of short duration. False croup may begin sud- denly and without warning, but usual- ly the child has a cold for a day or two before the croupy symptoms ap- pear. The attack comes on during "~leep, and the little patient is awak- ened by the urgent need for breath. Sometimes there is difficulty only in inspiration; in other cases an effort is required to force the air out as well as to draw it in. Accompanying the difficulty in breathing is a sho~t, ineffectual cough of a harsh, metallic character. Thews is usually more or less fever, some- times a very high one, and the pulse is rapid and hard. The child seems to be in imminent danger of suffoca- tion--and sometimes actually is~but generally the spasm of the larnyx re- laxes after a while and the child falls asleep. In many cases the attack, if it has been severe, terminates with a fit of vomiting or the coughing up of a large quantity ef mucus. ~k second attack may occur the same night or the next night, or there may be no subsequent seizures. The following morning the child is generally in his usual health, except for a slight hoarseness and a spasmod- ic, metallic cough, or there may be a little dlffieulty in breathing for a day or two. Although the symptoms of a sharp attack of spasmodic croup are often terrifying, it seldom ends fatally In a previously healthy child. Convulsions or unconsciousness may follow a severe attack in a delicate ~lld. Relief may be obtained by applying to the throat a cloth wrung out of hot water. The inhalation of steam rising from a vessel of hot water in which a teaspoonful of compound tincture of benzoin has been dropped will some- times break t~p a spasm. In severe cases the child may be made to vomit by giving him warm salt water, or by tickling the back of the throat with a feather. It is not always easy to distinguish between true and false croup, and it is safer to call a physician in every case. -- LOCOMOTIVES. AND CHARAC~ER,~ A well-known critic of art in France, M. Arsene Alexandre, studied the ex- hibit of railway locomotives at Paris last summer from a new point of view, "and drew some interesting conclusions. One of his most surprising inferences was that the genuine art of to-day was exhibited not in the museum of paint- ings, but among the locomotives. The latter showed beauty of line and "pro- portion and true originality of treat- ment National character was clearly marked in them. The American loco- motive combined elegance, practicalit~ convenience and power, betokening a race which takes its ease in working. The English locomotive was more trim, snug and smaller, but without loss of power. The French Was lighter and finer in line, but less powerful and effective. The other nations showed similar distinctions in their work. GEORf~IA WOMAN'S INVENTION. A woman inventor of Savannah, Ga., has obtained a patent on an electric J lIP t -- ELECTRIC SWEEPEI~. J safest-sweeper and dust-gatherer, a view of which we present in the accom- panying illustration. The machine comprises a pair of brush cylinders, ro- tated by connection with a fluted rub- ber roller in frlctional contact wlth the floor, and there ls also an electric mo- tor inside the casing, which is utilized to run a rapidly revolving fan, which takes up the dust and drives it against a sponge. The latter, being.saturated with water, readily retains the dust and aids greatly in cleaning the room. The current for the motor in the case of the hand-operated sweeper is sup- plied by a small generator connected with the fluted roller, but in case of d large sweeper, for use in halls and churches, it is intended to attach the sweeper directly to an electrlc-light circuit by means of wires. In this case the enrrent is also made to revolve the brushes, and it is then only necessary for the operator to draw the machine along the floors, the speed of the brush- ea being so high that a rapid ~nit can be maintained without slighting the work. When the spone has become coated with the dust the cover of thei sweeper is lifted and the sponge taka~i out for cleansing, LABOR SAVING UTENSIL. The accompanying picture shows a~ newly patented machine, which maY be of use in kitchens where a saving of time is an item to be con~idere&~ It does away with the necessity forl beating eggs, cake~ dough, etc.. with the hands, employing in lieu thereof a foot-power machine, which is pro- vided with a flexible whipper-carryi~ shaft, by means of which the agitation of eggs and other ingredients of s cake may ,be properly effected. Ther$ is also a dish-supporting shelf, se mounted that it may be used to adjust a dish at any desired angle. The ma- chine is somewhat like a sewing ma~ chine in construction, and, in fact, if the uppe~ portion of a sewing maehin0 were cut away to expose the rotar~/ shaft for c~nnectton with a flexible shaft and beater it would answer pro* cisely the same'purpose as the invent, or's model. All that is required to CAKE-BEATING MACHINE. operate the apparatus is to attach beater to the end of the shaft, inser~ it in the basin of liquid and run the treadle with the feet. The accompany- ing cabinet of drawers should alsO, prove itself a great convenience to thd housekeeper. TEL]EI~]B[OI~|lq'G ACROSS T'I~]E OCEAN', One of the most remarkable inven* tions marking the opening of the twen- tieth century Is the method devisedi by Prof. Michael I. Pupin of Columbt~ university for sending telephonic mes- sages through ocean cables. The chieZ reason why telephoning through sub, maline cables has not heretofore bes~ successful is because electricity is re- tarded in passing through them. The retardation is variable, and its effes~ upon a telephonic message sen# through a cable is to produce a Jum- ble of the sounds which renders them unintelligible. Professor Pupins in, vefftion consists in attaching to th~ cable, at intervals of about an eighth, i of a mile, little coils of wire, which have the effect of preventing the re- tardation of the current. It is believed that an Atlantic cable can now be con, structed which will reuder conver~mo tion possible between the Opposite shores of the ocean. SCIENTIFIC JOTTINGS. Attack on the 8outh Pole. The present year will see the start- ing of at least three expeditions, rep- resenting three different nations, In an attmpt to solve some of the mysteries of the south polar regions. One will sail from Germany, another from En- gland, and a third from Sweden. Th# Swedish expedition is the latest to be organized, but it has been undertaken with enthusiasm, and King Oscar will personally give it financial aid. RESlSTAIqCR OF BACTERI TO HBAT Many persons have erroneous no- tions as to the ease with Which baco teria are dest~yed ,by heat. In fact, the "thermal death-polut" for bacterial organisms varies widely. Some formp of water bacteria are killed by,simple blood-heat, while pathogenic bacteria develop best at that temperature. Pure lng their multiplying and vegetating phase of life bacteria are more easily destroyed by heat than they ars after passing to the resting or spore sta~ Some spores derived from the soil re-i: quire boiling for sixteen hours to erie sure their death. Moist heat in the form of steam is the most effectuat disinfectant. No spore, however r~ sistan~, remains alive after one rain. ufo's exposure to steam at 140 degre~ centigrade. But no degree of cold hU been found sufficient to destroy bac- terial Life. ]Free]kles ]ndlc~to Consumption. Is a freckled face indicative of con- sumption? It has been suspected, r~ marks a medical Journal, that a r~ markable pi~oneneU to freckle le of tree~ coincident ~lth tendency to scrofu~ or tuberculosis. It is most certain. that such proneness is associated wlth~ the temperament of the individual a~ shown by color of eyes and hair. l~r~k. lea are, as a rule, conspicuous only in the clear skins of children and youn~ persons. In adults they either are not often present or are cqmparatlvaly inconspicuous. An observa~lon of some interest has, however, recently be~n made that they are liable to return in senile periods and to assume infective characters. aub~er. ~u~ gl~el ~ l~r~ are the most elastic substances. i