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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
May 1, 1930     The Saguache Crescent
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May 1, 1930

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THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT ] mousR Lincoln Mort=men1= 4 [.~ AY 11 of this year Is Mother's day, a day for llonorlng our mothers, not only those who ure here to receive our love but also those who are no longer With ps. It is also a day for /~ paying tribute to those mothers of the past who gave to a nation its great men. In virtually every case the fame of their sons has so far transcended their own that they are but little known, even though those sons have been the first to acknowl- edge their indebtedness to their mothers for whatever elements of greatness they themselves possessed. Snell was the case with the first great Ameri- can, George Wasldngton, and his mother, Mary Ball Waslllngton. In an address to "the Wor- shipful Mayor and Commonalty of the Corpora- Clan of Fredericksburg" in 1760 he thanked them for the "honorable mention which is made of my revered mother, by whose maternal hand (early deprived of a Father) I was led to manhood." When she died In 1789 and congress passed reso- lutions of sympathy, his reply contained this trib- ute to tmr: "I attribute all of my success in life to the moral, intellectual and'physical education which I received from my motlier." Even though that statement Is closely akin to Lincoln's famous tribute to his motlmr, "God bless my mother. All that I am or hope to be I owe to her," it is doubtful if there was the warmth of feeling in Washington's words that there were in Lincoln's. For the truth of the matter is that there was never the close mother- and-son attachment between George Washlngtou and Mary Ball Washington that there was be- tween Abraham Lincoln and Nancy IIanks Lin- coln, or even between the Great Emancipator and his stepmother, Sarah Bush Johnston Lincoln. Left motherless at the age of thirteen, Mary Ball was married to Augustine Washington at twenty-two and gave the name of George to her first-born in hqnor of her guardian and girlhood benefactor, MaJ. George Eskridge. That she was a stern parent seems to be the unanimous ver- dict of all of the early Washington biographers. Of her, Lawrence Washington of Chotauk, once said: "I was often there with George---his play- mate, schoohnate and young man's companion. Of the mother I was ten times more afraid than I ever was of my own parents. She awed me in the midst of her kindness, for she was indeed truly kind. I imve often been present with her sons, pro)per tall fellows, too, and we were all as mute as mice; and even now, when time Ires whitened my locks, and I am the grandparent of a second generation, I could not behold that re- markable woman without feelings it is impossi- ble to describe. Whoever has seen that awe-in- spiring air and manner, so characterlstlc In the Father of ttis Country, Will renlember the ma- tron. as she appeared when the presiding genius of her well-ordered Imusehold, commanding and beiug el)eyed." Because stm was a stern parent, It has pleased some biographers of Washington to pffint her as a Spartan mother. But this role did not include sending him forth to war with the classical Injunction about "returning home with your shield or upon it," for we have the evidence of George Washington Parke Custls that she had two great fears, one of war and the other of lightning, and the evidence of contemporary documems that she persistently discouraged Waslllngton in Iris mill- tary ambitlo0s. Much of the latter has been brougl|I to light by a modern biograplier, Rupert Hughes, whose honest effort to learn anti present tim whole truth about Washlngton has brought down upon him so many accusations of being a deliberate Idol.smasher since the first volume of his life of Washington was published by William Morrow and company four years ago. Ia that volume he says of Mary Ball Washing- ton, "While she has been the victim of almost as much deification as George---she has been set next to the mother of Christ--she seems to have been a terrifyingly strict mother, and not .to have sha~ed George's ideals of rebellion . . . Few women have ever had such rhetoric of adulation Seeped upon ttiem, and Washington Is quoted as saying that he owed all he was to his mother. But it is a cruel truth that she was chiefly re- markable as a very lluman, cantankerous old lady w~ro, from being a fond taskmaster In her early motherhood, evolved Into a trial for everybody. 1 ":NielSen" Town" Ta:blel; '~hese are tim abundantly supported facts, and there is no excuse for the maudlin perversion of the truth ; yet the picturesque llttle old woman struggling with unusual hardships and her own traits shouhi have all the sympathy In the world. It cannot be comfortable to be the mother of au arch-rebel." In a later volume he says of her: "She was a difficult mother, though he was a devoted son. . . Mary's name appears incessantly in Wash. lngton's account books and diaries. He took good care of her business for her, visited her with filial regularity, and paid her profound respect, saying l~t tl~e last: 'I attribute all of my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical edu- cation which-I received from my mother.'" So, even though we cannot think of Washlngton's mother as an outstanding example of the warm, gentle mother-love which we associate with the idea back of Mother's day, surely the result of the~'~nioral, Intetlecttm! and physical education" which she contributed to the making of the great character that was the Father of Ills Country sllould be enough to insure for Mary Ball Wash- Ington the lasting gratitude of this nation. While there do not exist, and probably never have, any such contemporary records, as in tim case of Washington and hls mother, to show the closeness of the bond between Nancy Hanks Ltn- cola and the snn that was born to her on Febru- ary 12, 1809, yet there Is a wealth of tradition, reliable enough to warrant Its acceptance, about the tender and deep love that was theirs. One of the leading Lincoln scholars, Dr. William E. Bar- ton, has aptly called her "a backwoods madonna" and in his book, "The Women Lincoln Loved," published by the Bobbs-Merrlll company, he pre- sents these glimpses of mother and son: Sonthern Indiana was then a wild region, and the settieinents back of the Ohio river were few and sparse. There.were at first no regular church services, no physicians, nt) schools. Perhaps Thomas Lincoln did not regret the absence of schools so mucii as Nancy did. There is no reason to, I)elieve that lie opposed such education as his cldl- dren were able to secure, but apparently the mother was more intent on tim securing of an education for her children than was the f:Tther .... Abraham Lfnc,)In was old enough now to look with more possibility of appreciation on this nmther of his, and to estimate somewhat her qualities, She was now approaching the age of thirty-five. She was above medium height and had a slight stoop as though pre- disposed to consumption. She weighed at)out a hundred and thirty pounds. Her complexion was dark, and her face was thin and sallow. Her forehead was unusually high, and all lmr relatives commented on this feature of her appearance as belonging lo and exhibiting her Intellectual nature. She was usunlly cl~erful, but her face in repose was sad. At tinles she displayed a marked tendency to mirth, but she had moods of melancholy, Abraham had a boy's limitation of Judg- ment; perhaps he did not appreciate these qualities so fully In his youth as he did later, but we have no reason to suppose that lie was wholly blind to them. She was a good mother to him, and lie knew it. She was ambitious for him, and desired that he should have the opportunities which both she and her hus- band had missed. . . Iie loved his mother while she lived, and he loved her memory afterward. It was a pa- thetlc memory, and had In it elements con- cerning which he was properly reticent; but i/lay ~l ~all Wash~rtqtorL ]q[onument as to his inheritance through her of the qualities which lie deemed to be some of ttl~ best within him, lie spoke with deep feeling "God bless my mother. All that I am or hope to be I owe to her." Although in this utter- ance, lmr son spoke of the mental traits lie thought himself to have inlierited from her, rather than her direct influence over him, it was of her mind and character lie spoke wllen lm said that however unpromising her early surroundings might have been "she was highly intellectual by nature, had a strong memory, accurate judgment, and was cool and heroic." If Abraham Lincoln received from his mother a rlch heritage of qualities which contributed to his greatness, that greatness also owes much to another woman who bore the name of Lincoln. She was Sarah Bush Johnston, widow of a Dan- Iel Johnston, a Kentucky pioneer, whom Thomas Lincoln married in 1819. Already the mother of three children, marriage added to her responsi- bilities that of the rearing of Tom Lincoln's motherless son and daughter. Of her Barton writes : Sally Bush was not slow to discover in her new son qualities wliich were not present in the son who was of her own flesh and blood. With no word of disparagement of her own boy, she never failed to praise and encour- age Abraliam. The time he'd come when Thomas Lincoln and his son did not under- stand each othe~: any too well. The boy had shot up marvelously In stature, and the ctianges of adolescence wrought in hlm unac- countable transformations. He became dreamy and at times unsociable. There were within Ilia the stirrings of strange ambitions which did not please his father .... Thomas Lincoln now and then hecame angry at hls boy's perverseness. In this situalion the mother often under- stands the hey when the father does not. This fact is the basis of much silly sentimentality, and lies become the occasion of a most un- just disparagement of fatherhood and a flab- by and half-hypocritical aduiathin of mother- hood. But the experience of the Lincoln llousehold is not unique. Blessed is the boy who at such a time has a mother who under- stands him and Is able to express a sympathy which the father perhaps does not know how to define or perhaps even to think necessary. Such sympathy Ahratmm Lincoln found in his new mother. She encouraged his reading, and persuaded Thomas Lincoln to look upon it with favor. Sally I,hicoln saw tills raw- boned lad outstrip her own son, and was not Jealous, but encouraged Abraham to perse- vere. So far as we have any data to serve as the basis of correct judgment, her influ- ence on him was~wholly good. Year in ami year out, througll tile long period of his late hoyhood and young man- ltood, Abraham Lincoln saw and admired and loved this handsome, curly-hatred new moth- er of his. anll l~e carried into life a finer ideal of womanhood for what lie discovered in her. But great a~ was th~ contrlhution of these two pioneer mothers, who bore t~.~e name of Lincoln, to tile building of the nation, they were by no nieans ti~e only ones of thelr type who bad a Imnd in that. In a little park in the city of Har- rodsburg. Ky.. stands a massive granite boulder upon which is a bronze tablet bearing these words: "Erected hy the Woman's Club of Har- rodsburg, honoring the Mother Town of Ken- tucky, dreaded June 16. 1774, and remembering the First Mothers of the West to enter the wil- derness: Mrs. Daniel Boone, Mrs. Richard Hogan, Mrs. Hugh McGary. Mrs. Thomas Denton. A trib- ute from womanhood of the present to woman- hood of the past. June 16. 1926." The erecting of monuments to the pioneer mother has become a fl'equent occurrence In re- cent years in many parts of the country. Some of them are great statues which show wlmt man- ner of women were these who pushed the fron- tier ever westward. But there are those who say that no more appropriate monument to the plo- neer mother was ever ererted than that which stands in Harrodsburg--lts severe simplicity tell- ing of the simplicity of their lives, its rugged granite and enduring bronze bespeaking those qualities which only the wives of a race of wil- derness-breakers and the mothers of a race of natlon-bullders have. LNFECTED CHICKS SPREAD DISEASE Tainted Birds Immediately Become Menace to Others. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Bacillary wtdte diarrhea, also known as pullorum disease, may spread from infected chicks to healthy chicks In the same incubator, even though the chicks are not actually In contact, the United States Department of Agricul- ture announces in reporting progress in the study of the cure, prevention, and eradication of this serious disease. Drs. Hubert Bunyea and W. J. Hall have demonstrated the danger of this type of infection In investigations under way for two years at the bu- reau of animal Industry experiment station. Bethseda, Md. Their work was part of a program of study form- ulated by the bureau and the National Poultry council. The committee In charge of these investigations consist- ed of Drs. M. Dorset, M. A. Jull, and H. Bunyea. all of the bureau of ani- mal industry. The eggs used In the experiment came fronl two flocks, one known to have the disease, the other free from it as shown by the agglutination test. Separate trays for the two kinds of eggs were used in the incubators, and the chicks, when hatched, were pre- vented from comlng in contact wlth those In the other trays. In four dif- ferent types of incubators it was found that pullorum disease was transmitted from infected cliicks to normal chicks. The infection ranged from 45 per cent in the still-air type to 81 per cent in the agitated-air ts"pe. The control chicks, hatched in sep- arate Incubators from eggs obtained from non-reacting hens, showed less than one-tenth of one per cent infec- tion. In all cases the spread of the dis- ease occurred within a period of from 18 to 24 hours after hatching, appar- ently as a result of air circulation. In no case did any of the chicks from one tray have direct contact with those in another tray. Deaths of healthy chicks exposed to the disease showed that even when the chicks were brooded under the most favor- able conditions, a large percentage died within two weeks as a result of the Infection The experiment showed that from the moment It comes out of the shell an Infected chick immediately be- comes a menace to all other chicks In the same incubator. An Infected chick Is also a menace when placed In a brooder with healthy chicks. Incubators for Ducks Is Now Common Method The desire to Incubate their own eggs has been bred out of many strains of ducks, particularly the Pe- kin. For this reason the egg must be hatched In incubators or under hens. Duck eggs should be gathered daily, kept in a cool place and turned Llaily. They should be set as soon as possi- ble after laying, as they do not keep as well as hens' eggs. In incubating d~lck eggs artificially. they are handled about the same as hens' eggs except tlmt the tempera- ture should be held at 102 degrees for the first three weeks and more mois- ture supplied in the machine. They may be tested for fertility on the fourth or fifth day. Don't Waste Sunshine Needed by Chickens Ewen If you are feeding cod liver oil and have substitute glass in the windows, don't waste any pure, raw sunshine when you have a chance to use it on the chicks Be willing to open the windows and doors on still, sunny days. Then watch the weather and close them up when clouds and raw winds appear. Let the chicks en- Joy the warmth of pure raw sunshine whenever possible. A little extra work In caring for the x~indows and the ventilating system will be repaid in the improved vigor of the chicks. Eradicating "Lice For eradicating lice from poultry use sodium fluoride, It kills all varle- tles of lice--hody, head, and feather. This chemical may be applied by dust- Ing or by dipping. Either the "chem- Ically pure" or the "eommerclal" grades may be used, but the latter Is cheaper and more easily obtained. Young chicks require very little, and a pound of powder costing about cents should kill the llce on a flock of 100 chickens. Dipping the fowls is still easier and cheaper. Clean Ground Best "The chief of the poultry section of the Iowa experimental station says: Even though the old birds show no signs of Infection, it is not safe to allow young birds even to have access to the same yards, runs or ground where old stock have been. Just try getting the 1930 chicks on clean ground entirely away from the old birds. Infection can be easily carried on the shoes, by old stock, and in many other ways. Prevention is al. wars the best cure. She Lost 19 Pounds of Fat in 27 Da During October a woman In ?~ tana wrote--"My first bottle Kruschen Salts lasted almost weeks and during that time I lost pounds of fat--Kruschen is all claim for it--I feel better have for years." Here's the recipe that and brings into blossom all the ural attractiveness that possesses. Every morning take one half spoonful of Kruschen Salts in of hot water before breakfast. Be sure and do this every for "It's the little daily dose takes off the fat."--Don't misS' morning. The Kruszhen habit that every particle of poisonous matter and harmful acids and are expelled from the system. A.t the same time the stomach kidneys and bowels are toned up the pure, fresh blood containing ture'~ six life-giving" salts Is to every" organ, gland, nerve and of the body and this is followed "that Kruschen feeling" of health and activity that is In bright eyes, clear skin, ~'lvaclty and charming figure. If yOU want to lose fat with get an 85c bottle of Kruschen from any live druggist America with the distinct standing that you must be with results or money back. ][loslery direct from manufacturer silk finest ~ualitles. Color chart free, I~OOM 713. 366 BROAD~AY. N. Y. Try HANFORD'$ Balsam of Myrrh All dmb~ m autMrb~ml to rdund fw tb~ first battle if ae~ ma~L HAIR FLORESTON SHAMPOO- Ideal for connection with Parker's Hair Balsam hair ~oft end fluffy. 50 eent~ by mail or at M Hiscox Chemical Work~ Kill Without il New Ezte~m~a~o~ tha~ Woful MII IJvestock try yard with absolute safety ~I[~ K-R-O is made ~ommended b] the Connable Two eens killed 0old ms ~ -Bask I~ sIM: On the ~lulll minster. &ll time8 as supply you. K-R-O Co., Spriagaeld, O. K-/-O KI LLS'RATS_'ON LY Very Bad Senator Simmons, tim leader of North Carolina, told a at a New Born luncheon. "Yes," he said, "even good bad when it is told about that of man. For instance, a said to a little boy one day: "'Well, son, Is your father lug now ?' "'Yes, oh, yes, sir,' said the boy. "'That's good news. That's good news indeed. How long been working?' " 'Two months.' "'And what's he doing?' "'Three months.'" The strange relations of a rich are likely to be poor. Children's stomachs sour, need an anti-acid. Keep th~ terns sweet with Phillips Magnesia i When tongue or breath acid eondltlon--correct It spoonful of Phillips. Most me~ women have been comforted universal sweetener~more should Invoke Its aid for their dren. It Is a pleasant thing to yet neutralizes more acid harsher things too often for the purpose. No should be without it. Phillips Is the genuine, tional product physicians for general use; the name is tant. "Milk of Magnesia" has the U. S. registered the Charles H. Phillips Co. and its predecessor Phillips since 1875. of :!