Newspaper Archive of
The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
May 14, 1936     The Saguache Crescent
PAGE 6     (6 of 8 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
PAGE 6     (6 of 8 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
May 14, 1936

Newspaper Archive of The Saguache Crescent produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2020. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.

~. II I II THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT i II I I III News Review of Current Events the World Over Mussolini Says Conquered Ethiopia will Be Italian Colony --House Battles Over New Relief Bill~ Some Campaign Developments. By EDWARD W. PICKARD Western Nowsp~per Union. ETHIOPIA Is conquered, Emperor Halle Selassle has fled to Pales- fine aboard a British cruiser, and the Italian army Is In possession of Addls Ababa. The war in East Africa is ended. But this climax may be only the beginning of a still greater story, for Bonito Mussolini tells the world that all of Ethiopia now belongs to Italy, to be treated as a colony and defended by force of arms if necessary. He toned this down Bonito Just a little by giving Mussolini the French ambassa- dor assurance that he would not In- fringe on French and British Interests in Fast &frlca, meaning the French railway from Djibouti to Addis Ababa and the British interests in the Lake Tans headwaters of the Blue Nile. II Duce intimated that If France and Britain would support his program he would give them full trade privileges In Ethiopia and exclude all other na- tions. The League of Nations council was about to meet In Geneva and it was believed the anti-Fascist sentiment among the French left parties that have Just come into power would influ- ence the French attitude there. The BrRish, too, were said not to be rerun. oiled to Mu~ollnl's victory and it was understood Foreign Secretary Eden would insist on continuance of the pen- aries against Italy, provided the other leadi~ nations agreed. Indeed, the league could not well raise the sanc- tlous If the European powers take the stand a~umed last fall by the United States and refuse to recognize acquisi- tion of territory by force. All of them realize retch recognition In this case would eregte a dangerous,precedent Mmmollnl's success In East Africa Is a humiliating defeat for Great Britain, and a sad blow to the prestige of the League of Nations, Anthony Eden told the house of commons that Britain's failure to take military sanctions against Italy was "due to the horror of war and not to fear of the ultimate outcome." The Laborites em~aged Eden by their attacks and he refused to dis- close what the government's PPllcY at Geneva might be, demanding a free hand to deal with circumstances as they might arise. One result In Washington of the taking of Addls Ababa was severe criticism of the State department for Ifitvlng so wretchedly protected a lbga- tlon'there. Minister Engert had only a few weapons and the building was open to attack. Representative Edith Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts Intro- duced a resolution calling on Secretary Hull for information as to measures taken for protection of the legation staff. ~MPEROR HAILE SELASSIE of 1~ Ethiopia gave up the hopeless fight against the Italian Invaders and fled from Addls Ababa with his family. Muuolini's victorious troops soon after marched Into the cap- Ital, the first to enter being a picked regl ment representing atJ units of the Italian army, the' Askarl, in- fantry, artillery, air f01~e, engineers, gren- adiers, bersaglierl, AI- plnl, cavalry, marines and F a sc I s t militia- t-lalla ~lassle men, Their coming was welcomed by the foreigners who remained in the city, for as soon as the negus left the na- tives began to pillage, plunder and burn. The buMness center of the town was speedily wrecked and the government buildings were stormed and ravaged, these including the treas- ury from which the state's store of gold wu stolen, and the armory. The attests were strew~ with corpses and the Ethiopians, crazed by liquor, rushed about shooting at random and gatherlntg up their loot to carry it to the htlla. ~][7ITH the Introduction of the un- V employment roller bill calling for appropriation of a billion and a half doliarL a lively fight started in the hour. The Republicans and a fair ~[sed blue of Democrats attacked the memmre chiefly because the entire big nm was to be tur~ed over to Harry Hopkim~ WPA admlnlldarator, In as- earmarking Iekes, head of the Public Works ad- ministration, nnd to the adherents of the latter gentleman were prepared to revive the old Ickee-Hopklns feud. Ms- by the appropriations committee. Af a Republican caucus Represent- ative $ohn Tabor of New York, rank- It. He promised a real fight on the bill. When Hopkins was before the committee in secret session, he' was ordered to give detailed information concerning his expenditure of the fore billions deeded him by congress last year. Hopkins reluctantly admitted that nearly two billions of the original huge fund was still unexpended. Added to the extra one and a half bllliont requested by President Rouse- veil Hopkins would have three and a half billions to spend in an election ~ear. it was pointed out. CALIFORNIA'S Presidential Repub- lican preference primary, eagerly awaited by the whole country, resulted in the defeat of the Landon slate of delegates that was put forward by WllIiam R. Hearst and Governor Merriam, with Lan- den's tacit consent. The winning delegates, backed by Herbert Hoover and nominally pledged to Earl War- fen though uninstruct- ed, carried the state by a majority of about 90,000, Mr. Warren an- AIf Landon nounced at once that he released them from their pledge, to vote as they see fit in the convention. This looked like a blow to Governor Landon* and to a certain extent it wag; but his managers claim at least 18 of the delegates will go over to the Kansan on an early ballot. Moreover. many friends of Leaden deprecated the fact that Hearst was supporting him, believing it would do him more harm than good ; and they were glad to see him freed in part from what they,couslder an incubus. De.errant voted almost solidly for Mr. Roosevelt. Upton ("Epic") Sin- clair's ticket recelved something over 100,000 votes, and that of John S. Mc Groarty, Townsend plan supporter, about half as many. In South Dakota a slate of unin- structed delegates favoring Landon won over a ticket pledged to Senator Borah, though the margin was slender. H ENRY P. FLETCHER, Republican national chairman, has taken a leaf from the plans of the Democrats and announces that the men nominated at the Cleveland convention to head the Republican ticket will be notified of the fact at a grand outdoor cere- mony in the Municipal stadium, near t~e convention hall, Immediately after the adjournment. This plan, of course. is conditional upon the wishes of the nominees The Democrats had prevl. ously announced plans to notify Pres- Ident Roosevelt and Vice President Garner of their re-nomination with a ceremony at Franklin field. Phlladel. phla. SENATOR ARTHUR H. VANDEN. BERG of Michigan has asked Guy. Frank D. Fitzgerald of that state to present his name to the Republican convention in Cleve- land for the Preslden. tial nomination, but the senator Insists this does not make him an active candi- date, "The Michigan state convention generously Instructed the Michl. g a n delegation ! n Cleveland to present my name," the Senator said. "But the delega- Senator ti0n Is unpledged--at Vsndenberg my request. It IS free to vote as It pleases, I have not sought a deiegaUon here or elsewhere and 1 shall not do so. l have not sought the nomination and shall not do so. My situation Is not changed in the slightest." Friends of Senator Borah m Utah tried unsuccessfully for a Borah pledged delegation from that state. The Republican state convention In Ogden voted to send an uninstructed group to Cleveland. following the recommenda. tion of the resolutions committee. CoL Henry Breckenrldge" who offered ~lmself to the Democrats as a Presi- dential nominee aspirant merely so that disaffected memhera of the party might have some place to go. received about one-seVenth of the votes In the Maryland profereaee primary. The rest, of course, went to Mr. Roosevelt Breckenrldge made no campaign. "I~HE national resources committee, J. which lm headed by Secretary of the Interior Ickes, has submitted for the approval of President Roosevell a plan for the creation of a Pactflc Northwest Power agency that would outrlval the Tennessee Valley author- ity and would produce almost as much electrical energy as the entire nation could utilize. Two of the New Deal's power ven- tures, the Bonneville and Grand Cou- lee dams. would be embraced by the PlqPA. The ultimate cost of Bonne- ville will be 75 million dollars and that of Grand Coulee 204 mllliops. The ad- ditional dam and power plant projects proposed by the commlttee.wotlld en. ut-e te bts colleagues am that they could eoa~uet an "Intelligent opposRlon" to DANIEL O. HASTINGS, senator from Delaware, chairman of the Republican senatorial campaign com- mittee and outspoken opponent of the New Deal, will not seek re-electlon whey his present term ex- plres. He so an nounced In a letter to the party leaders of his state, giving as his reason the neces- sity to devote himself to his law practice This may have lnfiu enced his declslnn, but ft Is more than sus- )ected that the real Sen. Hastings reason was the fact ttiat the du Pont family, all-powerful In Delaware Re- publican politics, had decided that the senatorial seat should go to Guy. C. Douglas Buck, who Is related to the du Punts by marriage. Senator Hast- ings has always been ready and elo- quent In defense of the du Punts against attacks by the New Dealers. MINERS and operators In the Penn. sylvania anthracite fields have agreed upon the continuance of exist- Ing wage levels for two years, though final details of the contract are Still being worked out. Other points decided upon, It was said, are a complete checkoff of union dues, a form of equalization of work: lug time In Idle collieries and a seven- hour day during the second year of the contract. The miners now work an eight-hour, six-day week and had been seeking a six-hour, five-day week. IN his press conference the President anmmnced that administration lead- ers had reached substantial agreement on the principles and objectives of a housing program. He declared himself In favor of the Wagner bill. which is designed to on. courage better housing through slum clearance. He Indicated the bill could be modified to Include provision for low cost housing to bring better homes within the reach of low Income classes. SOME one with a peculiar idea of humor played a mean Joke on the mthorltles In Washington. The red flag of Communist Russia with the hammer and sickle was discovered at dawn flying from the flag staff atop the marble building of the Supreme court of the United states. It was so skillfully fastened up there that po- licemen and firemen worked an hour and a half before the revolutionary emblem could be removed. S ECRETARY OF STATE HULL has successfully negotiated another re- ciprocal trade agreement. It is with France and was signed at the State department by Mr. Hull and Andre de Laboulaye, the Freuch ambassador. It will be- come effective on June 15, and the details of the pact qvere not Ira. mediately made pub- lic. It is believed the terms include duty concessions by the United states on French wines, clga. Sec'y Hull rette papers, and lux- uries such as laces and cosmetics, and by France on American exports of ag- ricultural and industrial products, The agreement is also understood to con- tain increases in French quotas on American exports of fruits, and pos- sibly other products. An announcement by the State de- partment said: "The agreement with France is the first comprehensive arrangement for regulating commercial relations with that country in many years. It will provide improved opportunities for the expansion of trade In products of spe- cial interest to each country, and will enable the commercial Interests con- cerned to develop these opportunities without fear of the sudden and unfore- seen changes to which they are exposed in the absence of such an agreement. "In addition to duty concessions and quota Increases by France and duty concessions by the United States on carefully selected lists of products, the agreement provides in general for sub- stantial most.favored-nation treatment by each country of the commerce of the other." FINAL elections in France put com- plete control of the chamber of dep- uties In the hands of the revolutionary *"Popular Front," a coalition of Com- munists, Socialists, Radical Socialists and minor loft wing groups. The new chamber does not meet until June, and the confusion is so great that there are fears of chaos and financial panic In the Interim. Many believe the Popular ~ont will be unable to form a stable government to succeed that of Premier Sarraut. The lead must be taken by the Socialists, for they now form the largest group in the chamber witch 146 seats. SINCE International naval cUsarma. meat efforts bays falisd, those who advocate adequate national defense re- Joice in the passage by the house of the bill appropriating approximately $581,000,000 to build our navy up to treaty strength. Representative Marc- antonio of New York and a few others put Pp loud opposition, but a record vote was not necessary. The objectors dwelt especially on a clause authoriz- ing the laying of keels for two ~5,000 ton battleships after January 1, 193~. should any foreign signatory to the London siaval treaty start a battleship replacement program. Two days later they might have read dispatches from London saying rumors had reached there that Japan wu considering lay- Ing down a 55,000 ton battisehlp armed with 21-inch guns. Washlngton.--Buslness, as repre- sented by the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, Start Class again has clashed Struggle with the New Deal, and again the can- nonading by business added nothing. Its attacks apparently bothered the New Deal not at all, for the New Deal has proceeded after the manner of the mastiff trotting along without concern while a poodle barked and snarled. Business made no overtures for com- promise with the New Deal and New Deal spokesmen were not hastening to make peace with business leaders. Altogether. there was not the slight- est indication given that there will ever be peace between the two ele- ments of economic thought. The one thing that Impressed me about the recent annual meeting here of the chamber of commerce was the solidarity of business In Its opposi- tion to general New Deal principles. That was to be expected but it has not always been the case. In days past, there were many bdsiness groups and individuals wire adhered to the New Deal and vainly tried to work out an understanding with the administration. At this annual meeting, however, there was not the slightest effort made on the part of business to accomplish any arrangement whereby business and the administration would work to- gether, ']?his can mean only one thing: Pres- ident Roosevelt is going into his cam- paign for re-election without the sup- port of business interests except where, in particular lines, benefit has accrued incidentally to specific busi- nesses. One would think that such a condi. tion would constitute a threat against the President's re-election. Such ap- pears not to be the case, however, be- cause of the particular type of campaign which Mr. Roosevelt and his political commander in chief, Postmaster Gen. oral Farley, are making. The Presi- dent's recent political speeches have made it quite clear that he Is seeking support wholly from the agricultural and labor segments of our voters. HIS appeals are quite open and frank and they are drawing considerable criti- cism because it is held they oonstitute the initiation of class struggle In this country. Whatever the reason for the President's course, it females as a fact that he is very busy cultivating voters who have suffered most in the depres- ~on. When I reported above that business came off second best In its fresh as- sault on the New Makes Good Deal. I did not mean Fight to Imply that it had not made a vigorous fight. It probably gained some ground In getting before the country its side of the story, a phase of our national situation which has not been as fully advertised to the country as have the activities and accomplishments of the New Deal. The story of the losses suf- fered by business actually is not a great deal different from that of the Individual, and many businesses are existing on a hand-to-mouth basis Just as is the case with thousands of In- dividuals. Because business, in our mind's eye, at least, is larger than an individual, political demagogues regard It as falr game and for that reason, I am inclined to believe, business bag not had a fair chance on the part of most of us when considering national problems. On the other laandk business has many units within the whole that have not played fair. There are a great many corporations that are guilty of plain oppression, even to the extent of fraud and corruption of business meth- ods. For the crookedness of this seg- ment, all business has been blamed by the New Deal. This Is not equity. ~he unhappy part of it all ia that unless all business stands together, good, bad and in-between* it can get nowhere at all fn defense of its legitimate rights. There Is, therefore, a wholly natural and yet quite unfair result emanating from this condition. New Deal plan- ner& in their efforts to catch the crooks, have punished legitimate bnal. ne~ far too much If one is to accept even partially the public statements and the private expressions of the business men who attended the annual meeting of the chamber of commerce. This ought not to be and I think that legitimate business has Just ground for complaint on thls score. ~0, as the situation now Stands, I believe It can be sald In all fairness that neither side In this battle between the New Deal and business comes into court with entirely clean hands. Busi- ness has its cancerous sores. The New Deal has Its nitwits and theorists who know nothing about practical econom- ics. The result of this Is plainly seen, and It becomes more and more appar. ent that Mr. Roosevelt cannot accom- plish his objective of complete recov- ery until he directs some of his sub- ordinates to put their feet on the ground. Indeed, there are some of the New Deal subordinates who ought to be tossed bodily Into the street, Just as there are some business men who ought to be thrown Into JaiL The chamber of commerce meeting brought forth the Information that business, as a whole, Business had kept hundreds of Has Answer thousands of workers on its collective pay rolls during the depression when con- ditions did not Justify their retention. The claim was advanced that business had expended something like twenty billions in wages paid from stored-up reserves. It was further asserted that business was alone responsible for such gains toward recovery as have been made. New Deal spokesmen, from President Roosevelt on down. have consistently accused business of failure to take on workers and help solve the unemploy- ment problem. At the same time, the banking structure of the country has been accused chiefly by the President of refusal to extend credit to business, and business as a whole has been classified by the President as greedy. It seems safe to say that as regards these charges, business does have an answer, for throughout all history cap- ltal has refused to work unless there was a reasonable promise of return. Now, In addition to the lack of that promised return, business is and has been constantly confronted with un- certainties on the part of the New Deal. The present pending tax legisla- tion Is typical. The most dangerous provision of that legislation Is that which will prevent business from build- ing up reserves such as thosa upon which it has been drawing during the depression. If the business claim is true that it has paid out twenty billions more than its operations Justified for wages during the depression, it causes one to ponder over the future. One is inclined to ask what strength business will have to do even as much for the working classes during the next de- pression as it has done In this one. * $ $ With reference to the New Deal poiicles toward business, a statement by the Rural Electrl- Delicate fication admlnlstra- Question tion has Just come to my desk. tt touches on that very delicate question of how far the government can enter into business In eompetltlon with private enterprise without destroying or driv- Ing out private Initiative. The com- plaint on the part of private business that the government is continually wedging its way Into private fields Is well known but the REA statement puts something of a new slant on the view. In fact, it brings to the front one of'the elements of government in business not generally recognized. The 'REA statement consists of a letter from REA Administrator Mor- ris Cooke to the State Corporatlon Oommlsslon of Vlrglnla~ The Vlrginta commlsslon was urged to consider the sithatlon In whlch the REA and one of Its loans wlll he placed In event of a eertaln rullng by the Vlrglnla offi- cials. In effect, Admlnistrator Cooke asked the Vlrginls commlsslon to rule agalnst private i)uslness In order that a $366,000 loan made by REA to a co- oper~tlve organlzation in Vlrglnla can be protected. To r'evlew the facts briefly, lee me explain that a private electric com- pany applied to the Vlrginta commis- sion for authority to extend its lines for transmission of energy into a farm- ing section adjacent to cities served by the electric company. It happened that the REA had sent agents into this same territory and had obtained promises from many farmers to buy electricity from a co-operative concern to be organized and financed by REA. The private company apparently horned in to what Mr. Cooke thought was the territory of REA by right of discov- ery or some other such reason, and so he is now engaged In attempting a~ least to prevent the prl~ate company from entering that field. The point of this circumstance is that here is a federal agency, steeped in bureaucracy and with the usual bureaucratlc thlrst for power, which actually ls attempting to drive prl. vats Industry out of its way. It IS doing it under the thinly disguised reason of protecting a government loan. I have heard considerable discus- stun of this case. Many observers and students of economic questions con- tend that the federal government has absolutely no right to engage in that" sort of business. Whlle it may he, and probably can be, said that the elec- tric company was attempting to take the cream of the crop by extendIng its lines only to territory adjacent to its headquarters, the fact romulus that the normal re-employment which that private company would do will be cut down proportionately by the extension of the federal activities into, that area, It may appear that the ~7orkers dis- placed for the private company will be taken on by the federally financed re.operative lines but such is not the case. It is Just one more Indication of how government, once it enters pri- vate business, continues to expand and to destroy inritiatlve which private enterprise has and which government never has been hnown to have. @ Western Newspaper Unlol~ Rules of Life THE longer I live the more 1 feet the Importance of adher- ing strictly to the rules which I have laid down for myself In such matters : 1. To hear as little as possible what is to the prejudice of others, 2. To believe nothing of the kind till 1 am absolutely forced to it. 3, Neve~ to drink in the spirit ot one who circulates an ill report. 4. Always to m.derate, as far as I can, the unkindness which is ex- pressed towards others. 5, Al- ways to believe that, if the other side were heard, a very different account would be given of the matter.--Charles Simeon. Week's Supply of Postmn Free Read the offer made by the Posture Company in another part of this pa- per. They will send a full week's sup- ply of health giving Posture free to anyone who writes for lt.~Adv. The Ae;d Te,t In prosperity our friends know us; in adverslty we know out friends. DON'T SLEEP ON LEFT SIDE, AFFECTS HEART Gem Pressure May Cause Dis- comfort. Right Side Best If yOU ton ill bed mad can't sleep on right side, try Adlerika. Just ON~ do~ relieves stomach GrAS pres~ing~m heart so you sleep soundly all night. Adlerika acts on BOTH upper and Iow~ bowels mad brings out foul matter you would never believe was in your system. This old matter may have poisoned you for months mad caused GAS, stomach, headache or nervousness. Dr. H. L. ~houb, New York, reports: "'In addition to inteatlnal cleanedr~b Adlerika t~reatljv redumm bacteria" and colon bacilli.'" ]~xs. Jag. Filler: "Gas'~n my~tomach was so bad I could not eat or sl~p. Rven my hearthurt. The first dose of Adle~ka brought me relief. Now I eat as I wisl~ sleep fine mad never felt better.'" Give your stomach mad bowels a I~IgAL cleansing with Adlerika mad see how good you feel. Just ONE dose relieves GAS mad chronic constipation. Sold by all druggists mad drug departments. PARKER'S | HAIR BALSAM i ]~m~ves Dmd.,.uff-6to~x, Hahr ]rslihud im.,..~ Cok~ aad / B~mt~ to Grit ~d F.dea llah'l e0e and fd .00at DruRnists. I ~. Wks.~ Psteb~ve. N.Y.| FLORESTON SHAMPOO- Ideal for use In eo~neetlon with Parke~ s ~ Balsam, Mak~ the hair soft and fluffy. 50 cents by mail or at dru~* aiat~ Hisenx ChemiealWorks, Patchogue. N.Y. A BUILDER, GIVES PEP A. Cuthbert o~ 710 ~i~d~., Idaho Fall& Idaho, = "I have taken Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery ~m se~ral occa- sions when mYrun~ had become This tonic quickly gave me aa upper/to, strength- ened me, and helped build me up so that felt like myself again. In my opinion there iS nothing that P~I~ a man up and drives away sluggislme~ quicker." Buy my~l New ~ tabkts ~ I/qu/d ~/.~0 & $I-15, No Need to Suffer "MomingSickness acid condition. To avoid it, acid must offset by a/ka//s -- such ss Why Physicians Milnesia Wafers These mint-flavored, cand~,-like wafers st~ pm-e milk of mas~esht m solid fo~ the most pleuant way to take it. wafer is approximately equal to a full ads dose of liquid milk of magnesia. Che~e thoroughly, then swallowed, the~ acidity in the mouth md thxoughout w digestive ,rystm and insure #u/dr, p/ere d/m/nat/on of the wrote matters cause gas, heedaehos, bloated feelings a dozen othe~ discomforts. Milneaia Wafers come in bottles of 20 48, st &So and 60c r esl~Ctively, and convenient ~ for your handbag eoDt!~.~ one adult dose of milk of magn~. good drug stores sell sadrecommend tl~. b~=rt rams Umse dsUdom, ~ pf~ofmion~] ~.~plos ss.. tj~e to ~ phy~iciaus or d~ti~, ff req.~t m on I~'ofe~domd letternesd. ~ Inc., 4402 2$rd St., Long Island CIW, 3k & 60s bottt-.,,s 0 20t tint