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May 14, 1942     The Saguache Crescent
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May 14, 1942
 

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THE SAGUACHE CRF~CENT f F' WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS i Increasing U. S. Air and Naval Power Demonstrated in Pacific Sea Battles; U. S. Wants Car Owners' 'Extra' Tires; OPA Decrees Gas Quota for East Coast (EDITOR'S NOTE--When opinions ere expressed in these columns, they ate those of the news ~n~lYet and not necessarily of this newspaper,) (Released by Western Newspaper Union.) C~NA stratogiv importance of Madagascar to the two main supply arteries of the United Nations armies In the east are Indicated by the above map. By capturing the key naval base of Diego Suares, British Commandos supported by marines, infantry, air forces and naval units, assured protection of these vital supp~ lines. MADAGASCAR: PACIFIC SEA BATTLES: 40P.,Hour Triumph U. S. Shows Power- A 40-hour epic of British Comman- A crucial test of the United Na- dos' gallantry came tea victorious conclusion when the Diego Suarez naval base on the northern tip of -Viehy-held Madagascar surren- dered. While French army outposts still held military control over the Mada- gascar hinterlands, the fall of the huge navel base assured the United Nations possession of the vital gate- way to their eastern supply routes. Moreover, it was vindication of a new,spirit of aggression which made the Japs "miss the bus." Military authorities in both Amer- ica and Britain pointed out that the successful attack marked a refresh- ing contrast to the fiasco at the key port of Dakar, Africa, a year ago. It was revealed in London that the Commando attack on Madagas- car, supported by marines, RAF forces and naval contingents, had been planned three months in ad- vance. PRESIDENT OF PERU: Closer Latin Ties Closer knitting of relations be- tween Latin America and the United States was seen in the visit of Presi- dent Manuel Prado of Peru to this country. When Senor Prado arrived by clip- per plane, it marked the first offi- cial visit in history, of a South American president to the United Sta~. Si~cenve of this precedent- breaking omeial mission to the future of Pan-Ameriean resist. 8nee to Nazism was seen in the fact that Peru was the first South Amerionn eenntry to break*oft relatives with the Axis under the aeeerd reached last January at the Rio de Janstre em~ereaee. President Prado's Auti-diotstor poUey before the war Was an Important step In the virtu~ exelnaion of Axis propaganda from Peru. Under a recent armed forces now the direction of U. S. officers. tary ~b- lic cur- tailed this yea~ in the interest of planned to purchase extra tires from I~ car owners. By "extra" was meant more than five to a car, he said. Purchases will be on a vohmtat7 basis; for "rntiainjr" ctvilJB travel by train, bus or airplane. Ore. eiak declared that "fzavel-u- asual" would be a thing of the of a number of Washington officials. In outlining his views on motor car use curtailment, Mr. Pattersen said i are that there will be of rubber "now the highways" and that it synthetic rubber year are disappointment, it wuAll such teens' increasing strength in the Au~ tralian sector was given as Japa. nese sea and air might massed northeast of the key continent in a thrust, from New Britain: the Solc~ men Islands and the Loyuisade Ar. chipelago. Within a five-day span Americar warships and planes had taken. 8 toll of 16 Japanese ships either sunk or badly damaged. Engagement~ were the heaviest since the battle oJ the Java sea. Concentration of the Japanese na- val forces in the Australian are8 was regarded as a threat to the steadily expanding U. S. commune. cation lines in the South Pacific. Blocking of this threat meant thal not only would Australia's position be more secure, but that the "springboard"' for an ultimate Unit- ed Nations' offensive against the Japs to recapture the East Indies and the Philippines would be fur. ther prepared. Japan's strategic power in this area lay in its possession of the Solo- mon islands which form stepping stones along Australia's northeasl flank starting from Rabaul on the island of New Britain and extending down to New Caledonia. GAS RATIONING: East Coast First Eventual gasoline rationing for the entire United States loomed as a future possibility when the Office of Price Administration limited the sale of motor fuel in the Atlantic Seaboard area to two to six gallons weekly to "non-essential motorists." The inRiai rationing applied to 10,. 000,000 motorists in 17 eastern states and the District of Columbia. Offi- clans stressed the fact that sufficient gasoline would be provided for es- sentiai driving but not enough for extensive "pleasure" driving or oth- er non-essentiai purposes. The OPA's order included three types of ration cards: "A" ~or non- essential motorists; "B" for essen. teal users such as defense werkers, public service officials and others; and "X" providing for unlimited us. age. This latter category included doctors, nurses and kindred profes- sional people whose duties require rapid and extensive travel. In the scale of gasoline usage, the "A" range was bssed on an average mileage estimated at 4.5 miles daily, The "B" range covered from 4.5 to 13 miles daily and the "X" for mileage far in excess of these av- erages. LIVESTOCK SHOW: War Casualty Indicative of necessary war-time restrictions on the nation's trans, portation facilities, was the decision by its directors to cancel the Inter. ~tionai Livestock Exposition held nually in Chicago for the past 42 years. The anticipated lack of transpor. tation facilities to handle the live- stock formerly shipped here from all sections of North America was cited as the principal reason for the cancellation. Traditionaily the mecca for rural Americans of all ages in the week following Thanksgiving, the exposi- tion recorded an all-time high at- tendance of 400,000 last year. TRADE BARRIERS: Ban Local Restrictions Suspension of trade barriers be- tween states which are adversely affecting war production was pre- dicted following, the close #f a fed- eral-state confelCence on war restric- tions in Washington. Particularly critical at present are state and local laws governing man power, construction and hous. ing, the delegates were informed. Steps must be taken by state gov- ernments to relieve this situation, speakers declared. Dairy Farmers Learn Skimmed MNk Is Now a 'Money' Product Dried 'Refuse' Is Found to Be Both Healthful and Economical. CHICAGO.--Dairy farmers in ev- ery state of the United States are facing the prospects of receiving two pay checks for their milk. instead of the usual one. And that, to any dairy farmer, is welcome news! The reason for this statement of a two-for-one deal? This is it: Since the nation began sending millions of pounds cf powdered milk to the Brit- ish Isles after the Lease-Lend pro- gram was instituted, powdered milk has been hailed as filling, nutritional, practical, economical, and shipping demands. The nutritional and economical angles on the use of powdered milk are what has been causing extensive --and somewhat intensive--investi- gations here in the United States so that a greater consumption of the product would result. A young cru- sader in Washington, D. C., by the name of Carlos Van Leer Jr., see- ing the great value of dehydrated milk for Mr. American Farmer. and Mr. and Mrs. American Public and Family, is doing all he can to push its use. .The skimmed milk residue from butter making, ice cream and bottled milk distribution amounted to over 22,000,000,000 (22 billion) quarts in 1939--the last year in which figures were available. The department of agriculture estimated that such skimmed milk is about 92 per vent wasted when fed to hogs, and about 98 per cent wasted when fed to poultry. Excellent Food Value. It is this dried, skimmed milk which has a food soured of calcium not even closely rivaled by any other food in point cf cost. It is also capable of being used in enormous quantities. The U, S. Public Health Service stated in a bulletin: "There is no question of the great food value of separated milk. and dried sep- arated milk made freely available would be of ~onsiderable importanee In preventing some of our wide- spread malnutrition." With the growing interest of the natiQfi in dried skimmed milk, dairy farmers of the nation are again see- ing how they can, and will be able to do their part.in not only bringing about Victory for the U. S. and Al- lies, but also the stopping of a rising spiral of national mainutritl~on. . ! m t By Gabrlelle . Here's "an easy recipe for a good bleaching hand lotion. To a quarter of a cup of rubbing alcohol add a quarter cup of glycerine and a half cup of fresh lemon juice. Mix thor- oughly. Massage this into your ~hands daily. After a few days your hands will be noticeably lighter. (Ledger Syndicate~WNU Service.) This spiral of malnutrition has been noticed, and continually com- mented upon, by nutritionists, social workers, and physicians in close contact with the poor and their children. Dried, skimmed milk--now being wasted by the American dairy farm- ers--when sold throughout the na- tion will not only mean more money in the pockets of the farm herd own- ers, but also keep this nation in the best cf health. It will also build a healthy younger generation upon which the nation has always depend- ed. Federal Departments Active. So important is the growing pro- gram cf dehydration that the United States department of agriculture, Public Health service, and army have been quietly working on the various aspects of the process. The army is now sending millions of pounds of not only dehydrated skimmed milk to its soldiers in lands throughout the world, but also such foodstuffs as potatoes, onions, car- rots, cabbages, beets, rutabagas and sweet potatoes. Mr. American Dairy Farmer is beginning to see that the dehydrated food program is definitely putting him on the front line of Allied de- fense and offense fcr Victory. Mr. American Dairy Farmer, be- sides doing his patriotic duty, is go- ing to be paid for a product he for- merly wasted! Laying Down a Smoke Screen SOMEWHERE AT SEA.--A Canadian destroyer is shcwn laying down a smoke screen to hide behind. The circumstances surrounding the tak- ing of fife picture and the location of the vessel at the time the picture was taken have been withheld by war censors. GRANDFATHER FROG AND-OLD MR. TOAD DISPUTE OLD MR. TOAD was indignant, very indignant. Indeed, he was so indignant that for a minute he couldn't find his tongue. You see he had made a long journey across the Green Meadow to the Smiling Pool to congratulate Grandfather Frog, who, you know, is his cousin, on hav- ing escaped choking to death by try- ing to swallow a fish when his stom- ach was already full. When he got there he found Grandfather Frog in a bad temper because all day long he had been teased and made fun of because of his foolish greed. Very foolishly old Mr. Toad had told Grandfather Frbg that if he had been out in the Great World he would have known better than to have tried to swallow that fish, and Grandfather Frog had replied that he ought to learn to mind his own affairs. When old Mr. Toad did find his voice he said some very un- pleasant things and right away be- gan a dispute which Grandfather Frog and Mr. Toad have every time they meet'--whether it is best to spend one's life in one place or go out into the Great World. "What good are you to anybody Old Mr. Toad's eyes snapped, for you know his suit is very plain and rough. "People who do honest work for their living have no time to sit about in fine clothes admiring them- selves," he replied sharply. "I've learned this much out in the Great World, that lazy people come to no good end. I know enough not to choke myself to death. I've noticed that those who sit around doing noth- ing are usually the greediest." Grandfather Frog alrnost choked again, he was so angry. You see, "Oh!" replied Old Mr. Toad, "I'm not afraid." old Mr. Toad's remarks were very personal, and nobody likes personal remarks when they are unpleasant, especially if they happen to be true. Old Mr. Toad smiled, for he saw that he had hit Grandfather Frog's feelings in a tender place. ~This made Grandfather Frog angrier than ever, and he was trying his best to think of something sharp to say in reply, when Mr. Redwing, sitting in the top of the big hickory tree, shout- ed, "Here comes Farmer Brown's Boyl" Grandfather Frog forgot his anger and began to look anxious. He moved about uneasily on his big green lilyopad and got ready to dive into the Smiling Peel, for he was afraid that Farmer Brown's Boy had a pocketful of stones, as he usually did have. when he came over to the Smiling Pool. Old Mr. Toad didn't look troubled the least bit. He didn't even look around for a hiding place. He just sat still and grinned. "You'd better watch out or you'll never visit the Smiling Pool again," called Grandfather Frog. "Oh," replied, old Mr. Toad, "I'm not afraid. Farmer Browfl's Boy is a friend of mine. I help him in his garden. How to make friends is one. of the things the Great World has taught me." "Chugaruml" said Grandfather Frog. "I'd have you kn@w that--" But what it was that he was to know ol.d Mr. Toad never found out, for just then Grandfather Frog caught sight of Farmer Brown's Boy and without waiting to even say good-by he dived into the Smiling Pool. (Associated Newspapers---WNU Service.) Chalk Up Decision For the Pedestrian WARE: MASS.--An automobile came off second best in~ collision with a pedestrian here. Clarence Potter, unhurt, picked himseif MP, doffed his hat, bowed politely,~nd said to the driver: "My apologies for bending your fender." The automobile was a midget delivery car. Potter weighs 250. Ice Plants Are Finding That Business Is Good BOSTON. -- Although electricity and gas'have replaced the iceman in half the nation's homes during the past two decades, the number of ice- producing plants and their output paradoxically is not far from peak production figures. Today ice is not only used more extensively in refrigerator trains and trucks, but it cools concrete for construction, makes artificial ski jumps-and furnishes snow ice for the Hollywood film industry. In a survey of the ice business, the Technology Review reports that manufacturers now produce ,"sized" ice to meet consumer demands. Re- flecting the connection between this business and coal, the "sized" ice is known as "snow," "ribbon," "rice," "chestnut," "walnut," and "egg." Newest cf all the ice products is antiseptic ice used by Pacific fisher- men to reduce bacteria among fish, thus allowing them to be stored longer. l What to Do I The easiest way to be popular is to forget yourself. Many girls have spoiled their chance of popularity by assuming a blase attitude, and some think they show poise and as- surance by being cold and arro- gant. Neither .pose will get you far. Your best bet is to be unaffected and put the other person at ease. If you are worrying, wondering and fidgeting about the impression you are making, or if your hair is neat and tidy, and your lipstick straight, you are not going to make others feel comfortable. When you don't make others feel at ease, they are not going to be attracted to you,' and if they don',t like you, they won't want to see you again and you won't be popular. SO, girls, forget yourself and think about the rest of the world. (Ledger Svndlcate--WNU Serv/ce.) but yourself, never seeing anything of the Great World and nct knowing anything about what is going on or what other people are doing?" asked old Mr. Toad. "I'm minding my own affairs and not meddling with things that don't concern me, as seems to be the way out in the Great World you are so fond of talking about," retorted Grandfather Frog. "Wise people know enough to be content with what they have. You've been out in the Great World ever since you could hop, and what good has it done you? Tell me that! You haven't even a decent suit of clothes to your back." Grandfather Frog patted his white and yellow waistcoat as he spoke and. looked admiringly at the reflection of his handsome green coat in the Smiling Pool. Navy's 'Eyes' Get a Shower ~ .~ 7:. At the Corpus Christi, Texas, naval air station a seaplane gets a fresh water shower to wash oft the brine. Planes of this type are eata- imlted from battleships anff cruisers for scouting end observation. Called tim "eyes" of the navy, they are a valuable part of a naval pilot's training. FISHERMEN PROFIT BY BOSTON.--The men who go down to the sea in fishing ships are busi- er-and richer--than ever before. War conditions are almost exclu- sively responsible for this new pros, perity among the "deep-sea farm- era." Blockades, invasions and the Far Eastern battles have virtually eliminated imports and the United States army has created a new market by having soldiers eat fish twice a week. Fish prices now are the highest since 1929, and the government's de- mands for a 50 per cent increase keeps New England's famous fisher- men working overtime. Despite nearly two months' tie- up of the Atlantic fleet during a dispute between owners and fisher- men, the year bids fair to see new wage records set. The dispute brought the first de- cision of the National War Labor RISING board and resulted ~in owners agree- ing to a temporary plan of paying war-risk insurance premiums for fishermen. There were two records set during 1941. The trawler Belmont and her 18-man crew bucked out of port for a trip to the banks. On return the crew split the profits and found they had earned $54 each for every one of the eight days they were out of pert. PRICES AS IMPORTS CEASE - The 40-fathom trawler Wave'set the other record. During 1941 she made 39 trips to the fishing banks' She brought back a total of 6,901,689 pounds of fish, worth a total of $269,000. Each member of the crew earned an income for the 12-month period of $6,293. Generally, however, fishermen average about $2,500 annually. Their skipper gets something approximat ing $I0,000.