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May 14, 1942     The Saguache Crescent
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May 14, 1942
 

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U. S. Army Marts Outposts Of Far-Flung Battle Fronts United States Assumes Military Command in Area Many Times as Wide as Its Own Borders. By BAUKHAGE News Ana/yst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1343 H Street, N-W, Washington, D. C. Spring has unloosed her fluttering green scarf over the Capital, the stark pattern of black branches against sullen skies was gone. Be- hind the classic portico of the Treas- ury building I could see, from my high window, pointed tree tops like a jade comb in a gray dowager's hair. That was May in Washington as it has looked for nearly a quarter of a century. But there was a grim signature in the upper corner of this picture framed by my office window that made the whole scene modern--strictly, brutally, 1942. It was the silhouette of a parapet, the top of a tall hotel and on the pent- house roof a black cylinder pointed upward---an anti-aircraft gun. But that did not hold my attention. I have seen hundreds, ff not thou- ~mds, of those guns in the past weeks. It was a doughboy under his rounded helmet sitting on the edge of the parapet kicking his heels into space as his watchful young eyes followed the skyline. To me he was the symbol of a million men scattered from the Arctic to the Antipodes, scanning strange skylines, soon to see them all turn red. Never in history has a nation sent its sons out to as wide-flung a front as that which America is guarding today; never in history has such a terrible machine been built by a single people. In less than half a year a nation that yesterday spent less on its army than on its movies, its autos, or its cosmetics has begun to man the outposts of the United Nations. Gradually the United States has assumed military command in an area ten, perhaps 20 times, as wide as its own borders. Boys fTom Flor- ida and Texas live in iron huts in Iceland under an American com- mander-boys from the Dakotas are sweating in Asiatic jungles--boys from New England are fighting sandstorms in the African deserts-- American generals give commands in China, in the South Seas, in India and the Levant., The car is still running--though not so far in the East and the north- west Pacific--we still have at least one teaspoonful of sugar for our cof- fee, school begins, father goes to the office or the fields, there are still dishes to wash, shoes to shine, umbrellas to mend, babies to change. If it weren't for these common, engrossing things human beings could not carry on while the whole world goes through the ex- cruciating agony of travail that will bring forth something who~e nature no one can guess. To survive this ordeal requires the dull, unthinking indifference of the brute or the faith of saints and martyrs. * * Canada Struggles ?or Financial Independence Changing its business all around is one of the biggest jobs this coun- try has today. Changing the busi- ness Of a hundred million people is a long, hard job. We've only real- ly got down to cases since Pearl Harbor. But when the President told us about forgetting the "crea- ture comforts" and the efforts that have been made since April 28 in Washington to carry out his seven point cost-of-living program most people began to realize that we are on the way. Recently I took a specially con- ducted trip through a section of the territory of our northern neighbor, Canada, where they have been busy "changing" ever since I939. From the moment you get off at the busy station in Montreal filled with uniforms and the folks there to meet them, you realize how ira. portant Canadians are to Americans, how important' Americans are to Canadians, and how vital it is that each of these good American neigh- burs see eye to eye, work together and learn to forget "border and breed and birth" and to greet each "=ther frankly and freely as brother Northamericans. Canada is big--a Little bigger in square miles- than the United States. It has. a tenth of the people to suppert and develop this great heritage. Unlike the United States, one-third of the Canadians are French-speaking and two-thirds of BRIEFS: Over 200 Latin American youths are ~eceiving aviation training in the United States. Going all-out against the Axis, one mess hall at Camp Roberts, Calif., has renamed a popular breakfast the English speaking mixed with a heavy smattering of races drawn from as many different lands as our Northamericaus. "Daughter I am in my mother's house, but mistress of my own" wrote Kipling of "Our Lady of the Snows" as he called Canada whose wide vista of lakeland, prairies, mountain and forest were too wide for even his facile genius to bring to a single canvas. Now she is a grown-up daughter who can speak to the motherland on equal terms. Interdependency" Today, bound together in the same cause, the United States and Canada are more interdependent than ever. They must share in the framing of a new world after the war. Canada has never accepted a lend-lease arrangement with the United States. Canada's parliament has voted a free gift of a billion dollars to Britain. Canada, dependent on so much of America's output to sustain her war effort is struggling to maintain financial independence so that she can sit down at the peace table with no debtor's shackles on her wrists, no burrs on her tongue, as an equal counselor among the Northamer- loans. But because the United States is a giant, financially and industrially, and Canada is small in comparison, she is deeply affected by what America does. That is why she is keenly interested in how the United States works out the program for checking inflation laid down in the President's message of April 27. Canada's war effort depends on the United States for certain ma- terials which Canada neither grows in her fertile soft nor fabricates in her factories. Canada has things America needs. You cannot go into one of the busy Canadian war fac- tories without seeing the name of an American city stamped on some maehinewAmerican machine tools is an essential which we have fur- nished Canada so that she could equip not only her own army and navy but help Britain to equip hers. And Canada has had a problem. She bought much more from us than we from her. American dollars be- came as scarce north of the border as corn pone (and it's hard to think of an American product unknown in Canada). Tourist Dollars One of the chief sources of Amer- ican dollars was the American tour- ist. The tourist trade fell off with the beginning of the war. It has almost disappeared with the ration- ing of gasoline and tires. No Cana- dian can come to the United States and spend his money here (reducing Canada's dollar exchange) without proving his visit is strictly business. One of the clauses of the famous "Hyde Park agreement" made by Prime Minister McKenzie-King and President Roosevelt was "'co. ordination of price policies." To. day that co-ordination has begun, '14 months after it was laid down. For there can be no effective price control in Canada if there is no control in the states whose products she has to buy. If American prices should soar how could the Canadia~ government force its own merchants to keep prices down on the many things they get from the United States, or how could the Canadian war budget bear the strain if the many war products they must have from us (gas engines for instance, for planes and tanks and trucks) went up in price? Canada began to study price con- trois immediately after her decla- ration of war with Germany in 1939. But it was not until December, 1941, that maximum price regulation went into effect. Since then Canada has been watching, waiting, hoping that we would follow suit, because there could be no Canadian price ceiling unless there was a "north- american" price ceiling. It would be a house with less thhn half a roof. On December 1, 1941, Canada froze prices and wages allowed for unpreventable rise in the cost of living by granting a bonus in wages if the cost of llvivg went up. It has, however, varied little, now if the President's program is success- fully carried into effect, stabiliza- tion can be assured. We have fol- lowed the Canadian pattern. U. S. Influence But some American prices had already affected Canada. Take the typical case of the Canadian mer- chant who eRher had to sell grape- fruit at a loss or stop selling them because the United States was the only source. If all the merchants had stopped selling grapefruit it "Free French Toast." , would have had a bad effect be- T Chestar Bryant of .Knoxville: ] cause it would have meant a greater enn., suggests tnaz Amerzcans ana I strain on the market for other ethez peoples of the United Nations, I fruits or vegetables--tomatoes, for closing all correspondence, bu.s.i- ] instance, which happen to be in ess ana personal, use the weras, I ~reat demand for similar vitamin ,, ,o | ~- Yours for Victor~ . content both at home and in Britain. THE SAGUACHE Alertness Keeps Farm Buildings Free of Rats Constant Vigilance Is Way Menace Is Stopped By R. E. GROSS ~Africulture Engineer, New ?ersey College Of AricuIt~e, Rutgers U.iverslty.) Use poison bait, fumigate, set traps or keep a good rat, dog--but be sure to do something to protect your farm from the rat menace. Rats multiply so rapidly that fre- quent attention to the problem is necessary all the time, and especial- ly now when farm efficiency is play- ing an important part in the nations Food for Freedom program. Keep the farmstead free from all piles of waste material or supplies stacked in such a way as to offer shelter and feed for rats. This is the first and most urgent measure. Supplies should be kept in rat-proof buildings or in staeks located away from buildings. Waste should be re- moved or destroyed. Leave No Holes or Cracks. Repair foundations, floors and sills of buildings, leaving no holes or large cracks offering a start for gnawing. Foundations must be in- tact to a depth of two feet below ground level. Sheet metal or wire screen tacked over holes or cracks and to the edges of doors are a sure stop. Wood walls are rat-proofed by covering with half-inch mesh wire screen to a height of four feet above the ground and placing a smooth strip of galvanized metal above the wire mesh. Rats can burrow through decayed, crumbly concrete or even sound new concrete while it is still soft and moist. Everlasting diligence is re- quired. Suggestions on Plows Before using a new plow, en~gi. neere suggest that the farmer measure the down suction and land suction of the share, and make a record of the measure- taunts. Later, when the share needs sharpening, it can he giv- en the same degree of suction. A wobbly roiling eolter in- creases draft and makes a rag- ged plowing ..... .~,:.~.~..~..,* -~... ~. ~ ?.$:2~::" ::..':~:?.~:~:~:.:':::~::~ ":::~i job. Hence col .... ~ ........ z.:..,::i~:~ ...::.:.~:.~ .... ter bearings j should be ad- justed snugly to run true and vertical but freely, re- placed ff bad- ly worn. Generally corers are set to cut one-half to one inch wid- er than the share, and the width of two fingers above it. Best position for the jointer on a plow is just far enough behind the eolter hub to prevent dirt and trash wedging against it and low enough to cut a three-cornered ribbon of soil about 4 inches wide and usually not more than 2~ inches deep. Farm engineers say when a jointer is used without a roiLing corer, its point should be set approximately over the point of the share, the same as when a disc jointer is used. Normal Loss Shell Eggs Shipped to ' Isle Getting There OK Shell eggs, produced on United States farms, are getting to Great Britain with losses in transit amounting to no more than normal losses in domestic shipping, says G. T. Klein, extension poultryman at Massachusetts State college. This was indicated by a recent report to the British house Of com- mons by Major Lloyd-George, un- dersecretary to the minister of foods, in which he stated losses amount to no more than 5.3 per cent. These losses, says Mr. Klein, are largely due to spoilage and break- age and compare favorably with nor- real losses in shell eggs shipped from producing areas to consumers throughout the United States. This should be good news to the American poultryman who has wanted to know whether his eggs were reaching Great Britain without severe loss and in condition to be d use to the. EngLish people. Ship- ment Of eggs under the Lend-Lease act has enabled the British govern- ment" to increase allotments to stores and thus supply consumers with a greater number than they have had previously through the ra- tioning system. ] Farm Notes Trailers and dormitories to be made available for temporary war housing by the Farm Security ad- ministration under a recent presi- dential allocation of $13,000,000 will provide 12,269 dwelling units for workers in 24 war-industry areas, the U. S. department of agriculture says. Housing facilities in these areas are expected to be ready for occupancy early in March CRESCENT i HII m| III I I ~" ~':" "':':.::':~.~.:~'~.:'~::'~:.:.-":':'~.:.~!:~.=.::" ": ~... "" .:.:~."..5"~':':".:.:':'~.:~:'T:~:::-~ ~!~j:" :::." .~:~:~:'::.;:': ..... .::~:::~: ..::" ':~d:: -'::::~::':'.:":": .... .':':: :::.: .:.: .:.:.:.:.:-:.::::..:...::..~:~.:~.:. ~ . ;*'... ~ .~ ~:" ~.:." ::: ::'iif:: ....... ~::'~ .... .." ...... .: :" F.~':-" :. .~.'..'.:: .~ Broiled Lamb Chops Keep Your Kitchen Comfortably Cool (See Recipes Below) Kitchen Comfort Spring Fever? Are the warm lazy days working havoc with your de- sire to cook, to work in the kitch- en? Then dispel these lagging feel- ings with quick- 13" put - together meals that cut down your work to a minimum and the use of your oven to practi- cally nothing. This is the season to make the most of your broiler and meats that are at their best when broiled. Broil- er specialties are lamb chops (both shoulder and loin), steaks, thick ham slices, and young chickens. If you heat your oven very hot and also the pan in which you are broil- ing your meat before you put the meat into the oven, you will ac- tually be cutting down the time you have your oven on. In this way you are way ahead on economy 6f heat and also in keeping your kitchen comfortably cool. To cut down the time you spend in actual cooking, select foods that cook quickly or that can be cooked and served together. Our menu to- day is a good example of this: the lamb chops broil quickly and the lima beans brought to a boil and cooked quickly take only. as much time as the lamb chops to cook un- til tender. Serve them on the same platter, too--they're pretty that way and you will have fewer serving dishes to wash. The Refrigerator. Your appreciation for your refrig- erator or icebox undoubtedly zooms upward quite fast with the first ap- pearance of warmer weather. In- deed, what could you possibly do without refrigeration that keeps fruits, vegetables, leftovers, meats, milk, butter, eggs and countless oth- er products in perfect condition? In what other place could you possibly store away the salad to keqp crisp and cool and the delectable desserts that mu~t remain firm before serving? Those reasons are enough to make you keep your refrigerator in the best of condition, but the recent lim- itation on making and selling re- frigerators will certainly give you further reason to cherish it with the best possible care. Keep the refrigerator away from the sun that comes into the kitchen. Keep it away from the stove, too, and give it enough space for good circulation of air at the back and top. Most refrigerators need a 2~- inch leeway at the back and 6 to 12 inches at the top. Temperatures are important, so check, them with a thermometer. Safest temperature is between 40 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Cool hot foods before putting them into the refrigerator. Cover foods except those having thick skins. Mbisture from uncovered foods collects on the freezing unit and you will have to defrost oftener. Your refrigerator has a big job in keeping everything cool, as every piece of food requires just so much energy to cool. For this reason you should not overcrowd your refrig- erator or stuff it full with bags, car- tons and vegetable tops that also need energy to be cooled. Vofrosttug. Once a week or oftener in the L Lynn Says: Keep your kitchen well venti- lated and you will drive away much of the feeling of fatigue that comes while you cook. Warm air usually rises so it is better to keep the windows open from the top to create better ventilation and avoid drafts. Place an electric fan right above the stove so that it fans the warm air right out the win- dows, or combine a fan with s screen placed in the upper sash of one of the windows and adjust to fan the air in or out the room. In some kitchens R is practica. ble to place a fan in the chimney. flue provided for that purpose. This Week's Menu *Broiled Shoulder Lamb Chops Lima Beans in Tomatoes Hashed Brown Potatoes *Bran Sour Crean~ Muffins Butter *Wilted Lettuce Salad *Frozen Prune Whip Coffee Tea Milk *Recipe Given. summer if the weather is humid, defrost the refrigerator. This wiE help it keep the proper tempera- ture. When you defrost, wash the inside of the box, the trays, etc., with a solution of 3 quarts of warm water and 1 tablespoon of soda. Wipe with a cloth wrung in clean, .clear water and dry thoroughly be- fore returning the food and trays to the box. In this way you give your refrigerator good care and pr~ long its service to you. *Broiled Shoulder Lamb Chops. Have lamb shoulder chops boned and rolled and cut into slices about 1 inch thick. Thor- ~ ~ / oughly preheat broiling oven with ~-i -...~_..~--~ regulator set for broiling. Place lamb chops on rack so that there is a distance of about 3 inches be- tween top of chops and source of heat. If this distance must be less, reduce the temperature accordingly. When one side is nicely browned, season with salt and pepper, turn and finish cooking. This requires about 15 minutes. Serve with to- matoes which are stuffed with cooked lima beans and broiled. Here are muffins that will act as a spring topic with their rich-in.iron molasses and bran cereal that peps up even the most wilted spirits: *Bran Sour Cream Muffins. (Makes 18 small muffins) 1 cup flour 1 teaspoon soda 1 teaspoon salt 1 sup sour eream cup molasses tablespoons water 1 egg, beaten 2 cups bran cereal Sift together flour, soda and salt. Combine cream, molasses, water and egg. Stir into dry ingredients and add bran cereal. Fill well- greased muffin tins two-thirds full and bake in a moderate oven (350 degrees) for 20 to 25 minutes. Wilted lettuce makes a quick and easy salad con~ination. It is per- fect with the broiled lamb chops 'be, cause of the bacon flavoring which blends so well with them: *Wilted Lettuce. 4 slices bacon, cut in small pieces and fried brown cup vinegar cup water I teaspoon sugar When bacon is browned, add other ingredients and heat to boiling point. Pour over lettuce. SLiced hard- cooked eggs and a little diced onion may be added to make the salad extra delicious. *Frozen Prune Whip, (Serves 6) 1Vs cups cooked prunes cup granulated sugar for prunes teaspoon ground eloves 2 sups milk cup granulated sugar I teaspoon vanilla extract 1 tablespoon plain gelatin 2 eggs 1 eup wldpping cream Cut prunes from pits m ,small pieces. Comhine prunes with ~ cup sugar and spice and heat to dissolve sugar. Chill. Combine 1 cups milk, salt, and ~ cup sugar and scald. Add flavoring and gelatin moistened in remaining ~ cup milk and stir to dissolve gelatin. Pour over beaten eggs, stirring briskly. Chill until thick. Whip cream stiff and f01d into chilled gelatin mix- ture; add prune mixture. Pour into refrigerator tray, place in freezing unit and freeze. Stir once or twice during freezing process. H~ you a p~r~icul~ housel~ld o~ cookln$ problem o~ which you would like experl ~vice[~ Wrile go Miss Lynn Chant. ber~ al W~rn New~paper Union, 210 South Desphdnes Street, Chicago, Illinois, ~pl~mi~ your problem tully ~o her. Plea~ ~lo~ a stumped, ~ell.addressed ertt~iope for your reply. (Released b" "" ---:~per Umo~ i . i iii Wilkins Was at Winnin$ Post and Knew It Not ii Wilkins felt that he could never ask Valerie to become his wife b~ cause she was an angel, whereas he himself had many little weak- nesses of which no angel would approve. Valerie, on the other hand, kept thinking it was about time he popped the question. One moonlight night, he spoke. "Valerie, w-will you-you m-mar- ry me?" he stuttered, hardly dar- ing to hope she had heard him. "You bet!" she replied, briskly, already deciding on white satin and four bridesmaids. "I know, darling. I know,, he almost wept, "but if you'll 0nly say 'Yes' I'll never back another horse as long as I livel" J. Fuller Pep By JERRY LINK "Fuller," s~ys Aunt Nutty, the other day. "Folks are like wine. Sonm sour with age, and some. like you, get better I" "Mebbe," says I, pickin' up that Little compliment, "that's because I feel so good most of the time." For, you know, folks, when you /eeZ good your dlspo~t~on's apt to be good. too. But to do that. you got to oat right, which includes get'tin' all your vitamins. And ~G'S PEP is extra-rich in the two most often short in ordl- nazy meals---vita.mlns Bt and D. Mighty Kne-tas~n', too. Try Itl d d~ ~re=l tl~t supplltt per l.ou~ ~'r~b~Z: 1/2 d~ily ~d of ~,@~i= Dz 4/$ Beauty in Harmony Beauty does not lie in the face. It lies in the harmony between man and his industry.- Jean Francois Millet. ores uo Fm you use tt~_, eoethins, ~./~,t . ~ I eushlonms ur. SehoU'e I["% A,f/f-J I Ano-pads. Try them! 40! DON'T I.~ CONSTIPATION SLOW YOU UP u When bowels are sluggish and yea fml irritable, headachy and everythiaK you do is an effort, do ss millios~ do--chew FERN-A-MINT, the modem chewing laxative. Simply chew FE~N.J~. ~INT before you go to bed--shmp wt~. OUt being disturb~l--~t mor~g g~J~t thorough relief, halplng you feel again, full of your am'reel pep. FEEN.A-MINT. Tastes good, is Imnd~ and economical. A generotm famllFs~ly com~ FEEN-A-MINT Don't Neglect Th~l Nature dullmed the ~dneys to de marvelous Job. Their task is tO keep flowins blood stream ~ Of aa exoms M texte impurities. The set of llving--4~ ih~---lS constantly producing matter the kidneys must remove from the blood if food heath is tO ondum, 3~Vhen the kldneye fail to hmetion u Nature intended, there is reteatlon og waste that may cause body-wide dis- trem. One ma~ suffer nagging backache, p~r~i~mt headache, attacks Of dintnmh g~tlg up nights, 8Wel[~g, pUfline~8 under the eye~-4~l tired, nervous, eU WOrD ottg. Frequent, scanty or burning pmmagu are ~mettm~ further ~id~ o~ kid- ney or bladder di~turl~mee. The reeognl~d and proper treatmealt is a diuretic medicine to helpthe kt~ eet rid ef exeeu poisonot~l ~ WUt~ ~se Dos# P/|i~.They have h~ than f~ ~ of pub]in appr~_ vaL t~ ~doned the country ever. Y.mdst eli Doa#'~ Sold at ,n drug stor~.