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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
June 6, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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June 6, 1901

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8AGUAOHE CR OE Ts he department of agriculture in its Annual report gives the amount of ~money the people of the United States spent in buying flowers at retail in 11899 as follows: Roses, $6,000,000; car- mations, $4,000,000; violets, $750,000; ~hrysanthemumso $500,000; miscelian- ~eous, including lilies, $1,250,000. A remarkable burglary has Just been ~eommitted at the suburban station ;of Herku]esbad, Buda-Pesth~ Three men delivered a coffin, apparently ,empty, for conveyance to Buda-Pesth, !"carriage to pay." The las.t train hay- 'lag ~one, it was locked for the night in the station master's office. Next morning tl~ eomn was found with the lid off. and the office safe had been rifled. "The geodetic commission of Swltzer- iland has undertaken an exact leveling @f the whole country by the most scientific methods. The work has !been going on for many years. Each }~oint determined is fully described ao that, in its turn, it may serve as a datu~i point for more detailed work and all the points are referred to one origin--namely, to a monument in ~Geneva whose altitude abovs the se~ has been fixed. A German expert in the east points "*out that as time goes on more and more men are reauired to coerce ~(~hina into doing the will of another power. The opium war required only ,4,000 Europeans, the Anglo-French war against the Chinese 16,000 and 4,800 Indians. The Japanese needed 95,000 men and 115,000 coolies, and to- day we find 90 men-of-war and al- most 150,000 men attempting to com- pel obedience from the giant empire. Most curious are the sewing or ~dlor birds of India--little yellow thumb. 2'o escape falling a prey to snakes and monkeys the tailor bird picks up a dead leaf and flies u~ into a high tree. and with a fibre for a thread and its bill for a needle sews the leaf onto a green one hanging from the tree; the sides are sewed up, an opening ,being left at the top. That a nest-is swinging in the tree no snake or monkey or even a man would ~atmpect. In the Hawailan legislature the na- ,tive or reactionary element, which calls itself the "Home Rule party," is in control. Its leaders were opposed to ,annexation, and some of them have not abandoned the hope of the recall of the ex-queen. Not all the membem speak English, and few of them are ~famillar with American institutions. They make unreasonable demands upon Governor Dole, and consume ~much time in personal bickeringL Many radical measures have been in- troduced, but the only bill enacted during the first half of the session was one appropriating money for the ex- pense of the legislature. Altogether, it is a disappointing beginning; but legl~ latlve vagaries will be held in check by the executive, and gradually experi- ence and growth of intelligence will :bring improvement. A London scientist is exploring the "'color cure" or "chromopathy," bas~l on the influence on disease or morbid states of the system which different kinds of light waves are presumed to ~exert. The modus operandi Is to allow dight to pass to the patient through ~glasses of different tints. Disease, says the discoverer, "shows a want of har- ~mony in the systemwin other words, ~a want of color." The main doctrine propounded under the system is that red is a stimulant tint, and should be used where there is lack of vitality, while blue exerts a soothing and seda- tive action. Yellow is "a capital eere- ,bral stimulant." But the color curista , are no~ content with the action of light alone. They think that colored rays ~tllowed to play on water endow that fluid with curative proparties, the wa- ,tar being used externally or for inter- hal administration. Uncle Sam is not only building a big, new mint in Philadelphia, but he is making it the finest in the world. He Is also bringing it wholly up to date;] for electricity, and electricity only, ] will be the power which makes the] thouasnds of wheels go round. EL- ..trJetty is the password for every appli- auee that knocks for entrance here, :and nothing that will not lend itself to th@ energy of the dynamo can find ~a resting place. The building loa gl- ~gantle bunch of electric nerves, and the .floors of the many rooms are tatooed rwith little brass plates, which mark -the spots where these vibrating nerves may be tapped to secure the power ~mmd in driving the machinery. Every machine in the place will have its own tractor attached, thereby rendering its use independent of any other part of the system, making it possible to op- erate the smartest device, both night and day, Without moving any other .lmrt o~ the system. An interesting fact brought out oy ~hs recent elections in Colorado is the ,mgrked tendency of Colorado men to lflact women as city trcanurere. Mrs. Margaret Robins was unanimonaly ~htee~posen city pea_surer of Idaho Sprh~e~ en, Mrs. E. A. Kenney was re- to the same office by a large qmaJorRy, Mrs. ,Ienn!e Gale was elect- ~ed city treasurer at New Castle, MrL ~m~a C. Palmer in Greely, Mrs. Clara ~L* Clark at Aims, Mrs. Mary Shanks q~t ~, MiSs i~eltle E~ Donahue at Victor and Mrs. A, N. Frownf~ ak Mau- The Supreme Court Decision. The most Important decision ren- dered by the Supreme Court since re- construction days, at least, was hand- ed down last week. I~ fixes the status of our new possessions absolutely, and puts an end to all ,doubt as to the power of Congress to deal "with them as it sees fit. The important case--that which in- volved directly ~he legality of the Porto Risen tarlff--was the Downes case; and the decision m this case UP" holds as strongly as words can be made to do it the contention of the gov- ernment that Congress has the power to deal in any way it may see fit with acqmred possessions. On this point Justice Brown said: "The practical interpretation put by Congress upon the constitution has been long continued and uniform to the effect that the constitution is ap- plicable to territories acquired by pur- chase or conquest only when and so far as Congress shall so direct. Not- withstanding its duty to 'guarantee to every state in this union a Republican form of government' Congress did not hesitate in the original organization of the territory and its sub-divisions of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin, and still more recently in the case of Alaska, to establish a form of government bearing a much greater analogy to a British crown policy than a republican state of America, and to vest the legislative power in a gov- ernor and, council, or a go~ernor and Judges to be appointed by the Presi. dent. "We are also of the opinion that power o acquire territory by treaty implies not only the power to govern such territory, but to prescribe upon what terms the United States will re- ceive its inhabitants and what their status shall be in what Chief Justice Marshall termed the 'American em- pire.'" Justice White, in his concurring opinion, put the opinion of the court even more strongly, if possible. He said: "I is then as I think, indubitably settled by the principles of the law of nations, by the nature of the govern- ment created under the constitution by the express and Implied powers con- farted upon that government by tile constitution, by the mode in which those powers have been executed from the beginning, and by an unbroken line of decisions of this court first an- nounced by Marshall and followed and lucidly expounded by Taney, that the treaty-maklng power cannot incorpor- ate territory into the United States ~without the expressed and implied as- sent of Congress, that it may assert in a treaty conditions against imme- diate incorporation. It must follow, therefore, that where a treaty contains no conditions for incorporation, and, above all, where it not only has no such conditions 15ut expressly provides to the contrary, incorporation does not arise until in the wisdom of Congress it is deemed that the acquired terri- tory has reached that state where it is proper it should enter into and form a part of the American family." Justice Gray, who also delivered a concurring opinion in this case, clinched the matter as follows: "The civil government of the United States cannot extend immediately, and of its own force, over territory ac- quired by war. Such territory must necessarily, in the first instance, be governed by the military power under the control of the President as com- mander-in-chief. Civil government cannot take effect as soon as posses- sion is acquired under military author- ity or emm as soon as that possession Is confirmed by treaty. It can be put in operation only by the action of the appropriate political department of the goverflment at such time and In such degree as that department may determine. There must of necessity be a transition period. "So long as Congress has not incor- porated the territory into the United States, neither military occupation nor cession by treaty makes the conquered territory domestic territory in the sense of revenue laws. But those laws concerning 'foreig~ c~mntries' remain applicable to the conquered territory until changed by Congress. Such was the unanimous opinion of this court, as declared by Chief Justice Tansy in Felming vs. Page, page, 9 How. "If Congress Is not ready to con- struct a complete government of the conquered territory it may establish a temporary government which is not subject to all the restrictions of the constitution. "Such was the effect of the act of Congress of April 12, 1900, entitled, 'An act temporarily to provide revenues and a civil government for Porto Rico and for other purposes.' This system of duties temporarily establish'meal by that act during the transition pe~lod was within the authority Of Congress under the eonstitutfon of the Uuited States." No less important than the decision that Congress has the power to fix the status of acquired territory in the dec. laration of the court as to the rights that are acquired by inhabitants of such territory Immediately upon its acquiremdnt, In regard to certain rtgh~ and la-ivileges,, the constitution does follow the flag. Said ~Iustlce Rrown: . ; ! - d~ "Whatever may be finally declde~ by the American people as to the status of these islands and their ino habitants--whether they shall be intro- dnced into the sisterhood of states or be permitted to form independent gov- ernments-it does not follow that in the meantime, awaiting that decision the people are In the matter of per- sonal fights unprotected by the provis- ions of our constitution and subject to the m.erely arbitrary control of Con- gress. Even if regarded as aliens, they are entitled under the principles of the constitution to be protected in life, lib- erty and property." The court thus carefully distin- guishes between the universal rlghts and privileges possessed by all of us who are subjects of what Chief Jus- tice Marshall called "the American empire," and those rights and priv- ileges which can only be acquired by act of Congress. There may be an American empire, but under our con- stitution every citizen of that empire is protected in his personal rights of life, liberty and prol~rty, and real im- perialism is impossible. This is a point that has been made repeatedly by the President in his recent speeches. The constitution, he has said, has always carried with it the blessing of liberty, and it always will. It will never be used to make subjects or slaves of any people, but rather to help them to greater liberty. On this point the cour~ is clearly with the Pres- ident. The 'interpretation of the court is now the supreme law of the land. All good citizens are bound by it, and all legislation henceforth will have to con- form o it. The decision is the most important which the court has been called upon to render since the recon- struction days. It is broad and sweep- ing and far-reaching, taking in all the aspects of the whole question of the relation of the United States and ac- quiredterritory. It will enhance the profound respect with which our Su- preme Court has always been regard- ed, and will command the attention of the civilized world. Polities in the South. There was nothing especially signifi- cant politically In the reception given the President. He had equally ms cor- dial a reception In Georgia nearly four years ago, and southern communities are prompt to evince a patriotic spirit and are never neglectful of the laws of hospitality. But the President's speeches gave evidence of his sincere desire to discard all sectional differ- ences and the broad and wholesome nationality of their tone was infectious among his hearers. But the change of political conditions in the South is Im- minent because the basis of the old or- der has passed away and it can not be perpetuated on mere sentiment, preju- dice and resentful memories. Mr. Larry Gantt of Spa_~tanburg, South Carolina. who has hitherto been a supporter of Tlllman. declares boldly that the South in general and southern cotton mills in particular may look for great practical benefits from the ac- quisltion of the Philippine Islauds and adds:" "It is high time that the intelli- gent voters of the South were begin- ning to think and reason for them- selves, and not so blindly follow ~olitl- clans and office seekers, whose love of self and thirst for promotion greatly overbalances devotion to his people and his country. I am a Democrat to the core, but I am a progressive, twen- tieth-century Democrat, and not an old political fossil that, when going to mill, put a rock in one of the sack and corn Ln the other, Just because my daddy al. ways did that. The world don't stand still, but moves forward. Every year new Issues present themselves for our solution. Parties, as welt as men, if they do not desire to be left far behind in the march of progress, must keep pace with the times~' There are many progressive south. erners who think as Mr. Gantt thinks and they will not longer suffer their thoughts and actions to be "cribbed, coffined and confined" for the sole pur- pose of maintaining a party organiza- tion that has lost its original purpose md meaning. President McKlnIey may have done something toward hastening the dis- ruption of the .solid South, but his chief opponent in the last two presi- dential campaigns has done much more. Had the Democratic party pur- sued the even tenor of its way on the old lines the loyalty of the South to that party would have remained un- shaken, for a longer time at least, but Bryan radicalism, coupled with Bryan defeats, has been too trying a test for the~ unquestioning continuance in sub- servience to a party name of 10,000,000 people spread all the way from the Potomac to the Rio Grande. Division of sentiment in the South is inevitable as the old issues that made it solid recede into history and new ones arise that strongly effect the South's material interest. The preju- dice against the name Repnblica~ may long linger In thI~ ~mction. It has an association with war and ~eepnstruc- tlon that is ill-savored in the South. But ~vision in ~entiment on public questions is already /~t hand in the South. It l~ manifest'everywhere and that dlvi~flon will make Impossible the eontluuance of political ~lldlt~..,,,- Ne~hvflle ~. WORK TO BE COMMENCED ON THE GREAT GUNNISON TUNNEL Denver, June 1.--Government Hy- drographer A. L. Fellows has returned from a visit to the site of the proposed tunnel to be built from the Gunnison river to irrigate lands in Delta and Montrose counties. At Montrose he met Government Topographer C. H. Fltch and C. M. Hammond, John J. Tobin and Frank E. Dodge, members of the board of control of the tunnel and the irrigation system. Mr. Fitch is now in Salt Lake City, but will return to Montrose late next week to commence the topographical survey. Mr. Fellows will do the en- gineering. The preliminary survey will be at the cost of the governn~ent. The state has aplSropriated $25,000 for preliminary work on the tunnel and canal, but there is no fund yet availa- ble for the purpose. After the govern- ment makes its survey it will be the duty of the beard of control to appoint a superintendent of construction who will receive $2,500 a year. As much of the construction as pos- sible will be done by convict labor and the canal, when completed, will be owned and operated by the state. Mr. Fellows said yesterday.. "The preliminary survey to be made by the government will take in the en- tire section covering an area of forty- eight square miles and it will take a month or so to do (he work. From the survey it will be possible to deter- mine upon the best site for the tun- nel and aqueduct, if an aqueduct has to be built along the river way. Not only the cost of construction but of maintenance of the canal will be con- sidered in fixing upon a location. The preliminary survey will be followed by a closer survey of the line select- ed and a topographical survey of the ' Uncompahgre valley to determine the ~full benefits of the canal. Measure- !ments of the water in the Gunnison river will also be made in connection with the surveys. "When completed the funned and ca; nal will be capable of supplying water for irrigation and power. ~lhe forma- tion of the country there is rather pe- culiar. The Gunnison river flows to the mouth of the Vernal mesa and the Uncompahgre valley is to the south. The river is approximately 1,500 feet higher than the valley and the mesa Is a formation of trachyte and sandstone. It will be necessary to tunnel this immense wall and the preliminary survey will determine the length of the tunnel and the probable cost. There will be no opposition to taking the water from the river for the ranchmen along its course have all the water they need and some to spare." ~ # " # # ~ @ @--@ # ~ @ # - # # ~ CUBANS MUST NOT QUIBBLE OVER PLATT AMENDMENTS Washington, June 1.--The adminis- tration has decided that the action of the Cuban constitutional convention in accepting the terms of the Platt amendment with modifications and in- terpretations of their own is not "sub- stantial" compliance with our terms within the meaning of the amendment and Secretary Root will convey this intelligence to the convention. The decision was reached at the Cabinet meeting yesterday. The meeting lasted over an hour and a half and had been preceded by an hour's conference between the President and Senators Platt of Con- necticut and Lodge of Massachusetts. As the author of the amendment, the President desired to learn the views of Senator Platt and also those of Senator Lodge, who is one of the in- fluential members of the committee on foreign relations. At the Cabinet meeting Secretary Root took the position that the inter- pretations of the Platt amendment contained in the constitution adopted by the convention, and the whereases appended to it, went outside of a fair interpretation of its meaning and was unacceptable. In this view the Cabi- net concurred. The Cabinet held that the amend- ments and interpretations and the wealth of whereases placed by the Cu- ban convention upon the Platt amend- ment amounted to a practical modifi- cation of the amendment, such as was beyond the power of this government to accept. The message of rejection sent to General Wood advises the Cubanq, in unqualified language, that there is no power resting in the United States government to change the terms of the Platt amendment, and that this government insists upon the accept- ance of the Platt amendment without amendment or qualification. The Cuban convention is still in ses- sion and the message of rejection will be delivered to it immediately. The administration is confident that the Cubans win understand the atti- tude of this government and make ac- ceptance in proper time. It is stated that the earnest desire of the President is to retire from Cuba at the earliest possible moment con- sistent wits the best interests of the people of the island and the future re- lations between the new government and the United States. The problem is whether witharawal under the amended Platt ,aw will accomplish that result. The three main points in which the action of the Cuban convention is re- garded as unsatisfactory relate, it is said, to coaling stations, sanitation and intervention. The Cuban conven- tion took from the coaling stations paragraph of the Platt amendment its obligatory character, and merely au- thorized the Cuban government in its judgment to allow the U~ited States to possess coaling or naval stations. The United States will insist on an ab- solute agreement to grant us these coaling stations. With respect to sanitation the Cu- bans do not agree to carry out plans already devised, and in accepting the Platt amendment modify its provis- ions so as to change them considera- bly. In the matter of intervention our objection is that the Cubans have so changed this vitally'important part of ~he Platt amendment as to make our right to intervene an ambiguous and doubtful matter, whereas we insist on a straight, unequivocal acknowledg- ment of our right to intervene when in our judgment intervention is neces- sary to secure Cuban independence or a stable government. - ~ - # - - # @--@ " ~ # " # # # - -__-- = = . . . SOME INTERESTING CENSUS STATISTICS Washington, June L--The director of the census to-day issued the first half of the final census report on popula- Uon. The other portion of the final report on population will be issued early in the fall, putting the entire volume in the hands of the public at least four years in advance of any previous census. Most of the features of the first vol- ume have received attention from the press heretofore. It shows that, ex- cluding the District of Columbia, which is iu effect a municipality, Rhode Island, with 407 inhabitants to the square mile in 1900, is the most densely settled state in the Union, while Massachusetts comes next. with not quite 349 inhabitants to the square mile. New Jersey, with a little more than 250 inhabitants to the square mile, is the third state in point of den- sity of population, while Counecticut, with somewhat more than 187 inhabi- tants to the square mile, occupies fourth place. Four other states had more than 100 inhabitants to the square mile in 1900, namely, New York with 152.6 inhabitants; Pennsylvania, with 140.1 inhabitants; Maryland, with 120.5 inhabitants, and Ohio, with 102 Inhabitants. to the square mile. Alaska has on the average, but one- tenth of one person to the square mile. Wyoming has not quite* one inhabitant to the square mile, Nevada only four- tenths of one person to the square mile, while Arizona, New Mexico. Mon- tana and Idaho have less than two persons to the square mile The newly acquired territory of Ha- wall sHOws an average density of POP- uiatlou of not quite twenty-tour per- sons, ranking in this respect between Maine, wlth 23.2 persons, and Arkan- ]sss with 24.7 persona to the square mlle. [ WESTERNS AND WESTERN LABOR UNION Denver. June 1.--Decislon to organ- lze districts where the union is weak and those districts where there is now no union was the sum of the work of the convention of the Western Feder- ation of Miners yesterday. Many del- egates spoke on the subject and the consensus of opinion was, that only by thorough organization could the Miners' Federation become a power. One of the results growing out of nearly an entire day spent in discuss- ling the good of the federation will - probably be the sending put of addl- 'Uonal organizers. This has not ~-et been decided upon, but the probabili- ty is that the West will be redistricted and that two or three men will be sent out to form new unions and in all ways possible to strengthen the union spirit. The executive board of the Federation, too, will have its share of this work in strengthening unions already for-reed. Several of the speakers yesterday wished that the unions individually and the Federation, representing the union collectively, take a more active part In politics. It was urged that if the miners would stand by a ticket favorable to organized labor generally, and to miners particularly, more could be commplished than in any other way. The speakers were united on the subject of politics. There were other delegates, how- ever, who declared that the unions and the Federation should first strengthen themselves and then takeanactivepart iu local politics. These speakers said that after mining districts had been thoroughly organized; after present unions had been strengthened, then the unions and the Federation would be in a position to take up politics and along political lines m seek their sal- vation. Indications are that as a result of the conventions of the Miners' Federation and the Western Labor Uniofl, now going on at the same time in this city, two big organizations will be brought closer together. The question of in- terchangeable working cards, now In the hands of a committee, wilI, ~is believed, be favorably reported. This plan is that either organization shall recognize the union cards of the other. O. E. MH]er Now e~ B~nkrupt. Chicago, JUne 1.~Orlando E. Miller, a Chicago physician, filed a petition in bankruptcy yesterday, scheduling an indebtedness of $587,000, with no assets. Most of the debts were con- tracted in,Denver prevf'dus to 1899. The petition says Miller was a large stock. bolder in the Commercial National Bank of that city, now insolvent, and also of the O. E. M:tller Hernia Treat- ment Company. Giving his indorse- ment to notes, the petition says, caused the 4ndebtedness. New Cut In Buffalo Rates, Denver. June L--Eastern roads yes- terday announced a rate of $43.15 from Denver to Buffalo and return and this in the face of the announcement sim- ultaneously made that "all rates to Buffalo will be restored on June 6th." The new cut rate will become op- erative to-day. The supposition Is that there has been a breaking of agreements. The new rate is one far~ for the round" trip plus $1. COLORADO NoTEs. The Broadmoor hotel and casino Colorado Springs were opened 1st. Peter F. Barclay, receiver of United States land office at Del died suddenly on May 29th of sis. The recent rummage sale for benefit of the Free Reading Room sociatton of Central City, trifle less than $100. The order of May 15th the postoffice of Graneros, county, has been revoked and the postmaster reinstated. The following increase of ters' salaries are effective July 1: ta, $1,500 to $1,600; Independence Eaton, $1,000 to $1,100. The Broadway Methodist Church society in Pueblo will present house of worship and new building to cost $20,000. Memorial Day was never more orally observed throughout the than this year, although in quite number of places the rain with the exercises. The secretary of the interior on 1st approved thirty-nine permits graze 7,716 cattle and 494 horses t~e White river plateau forest Colorado, as recommended by the oral land office.. It is estimated that the honey ments of Las Animas this season exceed 100 tons, an increase of five tons from last year, this honey values being conservatively mated at $25,000. Miss Margaret E. Stratton, a ate of Oberlin College and for time dean of the woman's of Wellesley College, has been dean of the woman's department the University of Colorado. It is said that the 17,000 head Mexican steers on the Las ranges belonging to the Towers syndicate are to be moved l Montana ranges this summer, the dus beginning about the middle of month. Colorado Springs is making sire'preparations for the termini celebration August 1st, and 3rd. General Palmer has the committee his check for other wealthy citizens have substantial aid. Some of the Denver well as base ball fiends, are because the Denver team has so rank in the Western League. As old player puts i, "they seem to trying to lower their record time they play ball." Horticultural Inspector Palmer Arapahos county has announced shade trees infested with insect must be sprayed by the owners, wise it will be done at their as required bY law and the charged to the property. Professor Murfree of the law de men of the University of who has suffered a long time with h right foot, finally had it Just above the ankle. There diseased bone in the foot. The stood the operation well. " May, 1901, was a much month for tourist travel" than last year. The records for the month in the baggage the Union depot at Denver show more pieces of baggage handled during the month of May, 1900. The state treasury will be in the sum of $20,000 from the of the late William Church of It wili be the first payment, It l~ under the inheritance law the last Legislature and is based an estimated valuation of On the 30th ultimo. Frank M. Hun~ a machinist employed at the Gold Col: mine at ictor, was struck by a of the main shaft and his ly severed from his body. forty-four years of age and leaves wife and two children living in field. In the district court at C. A. Bennett imposed the sentences: William Johns H. Bennett, each two years in the penitentiary, grand larceny; Bruudige, five days in the county for petty larceny, and two years in penitentiary for grand larceny. The Pueblo Evening Star and Pueblo Daily Journal have solidated and are now Pueblo Star-Journal, both lng been purchased by a business men. Jr., formerly of the Western sociation, is vice prefldetit and manager, whtle E. A. known in Denver and Laramie, the editorial staff. The number of seres ar beets in the immediate hood of Las A nJm~s~ this season about 900, as against year. The at Rocky Ford Animas beets at the same net the beet growers that the Rocky Ford farl~r hlmseH encouragement to local heel ing made possible by a Fe railroad freight rate, Mrs. Helen L. Grenfell, eat of public instruction, has booklet for the use of public schools in ing a program in accordance with proclamation, will be day, June 14th. It urges upoz boards and teachers In dlstrlet~ the schools are in sessian that da duty of Preparing "some sl~ gram of patriotic songs, and the history and country's flag." Professor Louts have charge of has engaged a number musicians of ChicagO to come, to Boulder of players is of talent t contains isis upon all the instruments established a reputation performers. are leaders of and are coming account of their and also in lain excursion~. The the best the Ohautauqua lure known.