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June 18, 1931     The Saguache Crescent
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June 18, 1931
 

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News Review of Current Events the World Over Germany's Woes Engage Attention of World's Statesmen --Young Plan and War Debts Involved1 Economies for Our Navy. By EDWARD HAT onference at Chequers par- ticipated in by Chan- cellor Bruening, For- eign Minister Prime Minister Mac- Donald and Foreign Secretary Henderson has given rise, nat- urally, to vast quan- tities of comment, criticism and specu- latlon. The gentlemen F. M. Sakett named agreed to an- Bwer no questions as to the topics of conversation and the results, giving out a nonoommittal communique which said Great Britain and Germany would "endeavor to deal with the present erisla in close collaboration .with other governments oncerned. Of course reparations was one of the chief topics, and the Germans stressed Germany's alleged inability to carry on under the Young plan. Moreover-- and this is of direct Interest to the United States--Bruening was under- stood to have asked the aid of the British statesmen In sounding Ger- many's creditor nations, especially America, on the possibility of defer- ring reparations payments. The nnder- lying hope of Germany, as expressed by the Berlin press, is that Uncle Sam will consent a revision or can- cellation of reparations, and the old proposition of cancellation of all war debts owed to America naturall bobbed up again. Bruenlng and Curtius, returning home on the Europa, were pleased to have as a fellow passenger Frederic M. Sackett, the American ambassador to Berlin, and it was believed they took the opportunity to tell him frank- ly what they hoped America would do In the way of helping Germany out of its slough of despond. Also, they are looking forward to conversations with Secretary of the Treasury Mellon and Secretary of State Stimson, both of whom are to be in Europe this sum- mer. It was made plain to correspon- dents that the Germans hope to con- ince the Americans that, since Ger- many cannot now purchase raw ma- terials from America, there Is a di- rect connection between the economic crisis and reparations. The French government, according to Foreign Minister Briand, ill not be led into any international confer- once for the revision of the repara- tions scheme and the Young plan. Briand told the chamber of deputies that "there can be no question of re- vising the Young plan, since it has. a definite character and contains in itself possibilities for Germany." Chancellor Brnenlng's tax lnbllshed Just before he went to Eng- land, are denonneed by nearly all the influential German newspapers as brutal, unjust and an imposition on the salaried and impoverished m ECRETARY O F the Navy Charles Francis Adams, Ad- nlral William V. Pratt, chief of naval operations, and other high officials of the navy were the week- end guests of Presl. dent Hoover at the :Rapidan fishing camp, and immediately aft. er returning to his of- flce Mr. Adams called |n all the chiefs of Secretary Adams branches and told them they would ave to formulate plans for greater economy in the department in order to comply with the wlshes of the President. Among other promises of the secretary is the pledge to cut by $15,000,000 the appropriations voted for the year 1932 by congress; and this means the navy will have to get aloig on about $40,000,000 less than tie amount voted by congress for maval activities during the present ear. Mr. Hoover asked the navy to abandon the island of'Guam as a aval base, and this was agreed to although the saving there will not be large. Reductions in naval personnel mt Guam have been going on for some me. At present the navy maintains 57 officers and 615 enlisted men and marines at this point. Of this number 170 enlisted men are stationed aboard the Penguin, a mine sweeper, and the Gold Star, a station ship. HERE are now 2,629,971 persons out of employment In Great Brit, sin, according to official reports, the number having increased by 123,034 lthin a week. In Germany, though the Jobless at the end of May num- bered 4,067,000, conditions seemed to be improving, since about 322,000 of the unemployed found work during that month. REMIER BENNETT of Canada told the house of commons that the imperial economic conference which was to have been held tn Ot- tawa next August had been postpon&l ntil next year. He said Australia lind asked thls becanse of the uncer- tain position politically in that coun- try, and that New Zealand had stated that parliam#nt probably would bs In session in Angust and it was doubt- W. PICKARD ful whether a ministerial represen|a- tire ,eonl'd be present. RS. ELLA A. BOOLE of Brook- lyn, N. Y., was elected president 0 the World Woman's Christian Temperance union nt its convention in Toront, o. She has been vice presi- dent and succeeds Miss Anna Adams Gordon of Evanston, Ill., who was forced by illness o retire from m pesldency after nine years in that office. Mrs. Louis McKinney of Clares- holme, Alberta, was chosen first vice presldenL Mrs. Emille J. Solomon, Cape own, South Africa, and Miss Maria Sandstrom of Stockholm, were re-elected second and third vice presl- dents. Miss Ages Black, England, re- talus an honorary secretaryship anl Miss Margaret Munns of Evanston, Ill, was re-elected honorary treasurer. ENNESSEE'S lower house has re- fused to Impeach Gov. Henry H. Herren, reJectlng all the eiglt articles offered by a committee, the charges In which grew out of the bank failures of last fall which tied up about $7,- 000,000 of state money. The Horton faction won by a vote of 53 to 45. Fo THE gangsters f Chicago are fi- nally routed, much of the credit must be given to Ge#rge E. Q. g o h n s o n, United States attorney for that distriet. Already he has secured con- victions against many of the "public ene- mies," and ois latest major achievement is Geor0e E.Q. the indictrhent of Johnson number one on that unsavory list, Al Capone himself. "Scarface" is accused, as were most of the others, of defrauding the gov- ernment by evading the payment of income taxes, and the federal prose- cutors believe they have a sure case against him, so sure that they will not agree to leniency in case Ca)one pleads guilty, which is considered like- ly. The boss gangster surrendered promptly after the indictment was re- turned and was released on bonds. It is charged that he owes the govern- ment $215,080, and it was expected he would tender payment of the amount in the hope of mitigating his sentence. Mr. Johnson's assistants, It was ar- mitted, were having some difficulty in finding Capone's alleged boarded wealth, for most of the properties which he is supposed to own are in the names of other persons. A Miami lawyer who represented Capone on several occasions has sued him for $50,000 for services and began legal proceedings to seize his Miami Beach mansion on an attachment. HILADELPHIA was host during the week to some 8,000 physicians from all parts of the country, mem- bers of the American Medical associa- tion. For two days the house of dele- gates was busy determining matters of policy and electing officers, and the other three days saw the meetings of the fifteen scientific sections of the association, each of which represents a separate branch of medicine. Hun. dreds of papers were read and dis- cussed and there v ere many clinical lectures"by leading authe-ities. ROSPECTS f o r renewed peace between the Italian government and the Vatican were bright. Two notes and a memorandum fro m Cardinal Pacelll, papal secretary of state, were finally answered In a note which, though It prof- fered no formal apol- ogy for Fascist at- Pope Plus XI tacks on churches and churchmen, was regarded as conciliatory. The Italian government expressed regrets at the incidents, which, it said, were eansed by Fascist reaction to news that Catholic Action was plotting against the Fascist regime, and prom- ised to punish the guilty if they could be found and to try to prevent repeti. tions. The note theil made two pro- tests on behalf of the government. It repeated the charges of political anti- Fascist activity of Catholic Action, and it objected to the Vatican's ef- forts to enlist the sympathy of the whole world in its cause---this refer. ring to the almost daily speeches made by Pope Plus. Mussolini still insists on the dis- solution of Catholic Action, and the pope has recognized this stand by starting the organization of new Catholic clubs throughout the conn. try. Negotiations between Rome and the Vatican probably will be contin- ned for some time and rupture of diplomatic relations which neither side wants, Is no longer feared. INCREASE of crime in the United States, the reasons therefore and possible means of betterment are treated In a 300 page report by the Wlckersham commission to President THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT Hoover and by him given to the pub- lic. The appalling growth of crimin'd- ity, according to the commisshm, is largcly tile result of ineffectiveness of criniinal justice which is attributable to procedure unsuited to modern con- ditions, to incalmcity of prosecutors, to the subjection of prosecutors to po- litical organizations affiliated with criminals, and to the lack of scien- tific trcatrnent of criminal tendencies of individmls in fornmtive stages. The commission declared it was in substantial accord with the following major idings of several state sur- veys: *'Juvenile delinquency Is the heart of 1l*e problem of crime prevention. *'Careful working methods and ad- ministrative practices in nolles, ac- ceptances of plea of lesser offense and other forms of dismissals and dis- positions Iithout trial, whereby the responsibility for these dispositions will be definitely located, careful rec- ords wlli be required, and the dis- position will be based on thorough inquiry and on definite principles. "Abolition of requirement of grand Jury indictment tn every felony case. "Right of the accused to waive trial hy jur.v. "Increase of Judges' control over the conduct of the trial. "Development toward centralized state supervision of the adlninistra- tion of criminal justice in all Its part." Five recommendations are zubmlt- ted "applicable generally to substan- tially all the state, pointing out the lines to be followed in attempts to better local systems of prosecution." These recommendations are: "1. Elimination, so far as may be possible in our system of government, of political considerations in tim selec- tion and appointment of federal dis- trict attorneys and prosecuting officers and of appointments based upon political activity or service. "2. Better provision for the selec- tion and tenure of prosecutors In the states and especially for the organ- ization, personnel, tenure, and com- pensation of the staff of the prose- cutor's office. "3. Such an organization of the legal profession in each state as shall insure competency, character, and discipline among those who are en- gaged in the criminal courts. "4. A systematized control of prose- cutions in each state under a director of public prosecutions or some equiva- lent official, with secure tenure and concentrated and defined responsb bility. "5. Provlsion for legal interrogation of accused persons under suitable safeguards." Z ITA, former em- press of Austria was a visitor In Rome and aroused a great deal of Interest and speculation concern- ing her purposes. She was granted an audi- ence with Pope Plus and talked with him In private for nearly an hour, after which she had a long con- Archduke versation with Car- Otto dinal Pacelli, papal seeretary of state. It was reported that Zita sought the aid of the Holy See in the restoration of her son, Archduke Otto, to the throne of Aus- tria. Another rumor in Rome was that Zita was there in the hope of arrang- ing a marriage between Otto and Princess Maria, youngest daughter of the king and queen of Italy. In semi- official but well informed circles it was said no consideration would be given to such a proposal at the pres- ent time; but if the young archduke ever is permitted to mount the Aus- trian throne---which Is unlikely---he house of Savoy might agree to the marriage. M A,: MAURIC00 CAMPBELL, former prohibition administrator In New York, has announced that he has filed with President Hoover charges against Seymour Lowman, as- sistant secretary of the treasury, for- meriy in charge of prohibition en- forcement, whom he accuses of being derelict in hls duty. Campbell says he made the complaint against Lowman some time ago and it was turned over to Secretary 'of the Treasury Mellon, who refused to take any action; so now he alleges In his letter to the President that Mr. Mellon took ad- vantage of his official position to con- ceal facts and thus shield a goverff- ment official "who is derelict in his office." Last year Campbell published a eries of syndicated press articles Which purported to show that Lowman had urged him to relax prohibition enforcement during the 192S. Presi- dentia., campaign. G EN. CHIANG KAI-HEK, hea d of the Chinese Nationalist gov- ernment, believes the Communist bandit menace is the gravest problem facing the Chinese people; so he has taken the field personally against the robber bands that are terrorizing Klangsi and Hunan provinces and has appealed to his fellow officers of the Nationalist army to give him all their help in the suppression of commun- ism. In a public statement General Chiang charged the Canton insur. gents with making tools of the mili- tary forces regarding the recent Can. tonese charges against himself that he was trying to become the military dictator. To refute these charges he promised that if he were successful Colorado State News t'ueblo.---Mrs. Bessie Gallagher of Pueblo was re-elected president of the Colorado chapter of American War Mothers at the recent meeting of the state convention. Mrs. Sarah Miner of Loveland was elected first vice president. Pueblo. -- August Rodriguez died from bullet wounds allegedly inflicted by Eldredo Sandoval, who accused Rodriguez of being too friendly with Mrs. Sandoval. Sandoval is in the county jail, charged with assault with inten to commit murder. Greeley.--George Rodeffer, 17, of Platteville, 0led from a gunshot wound accidentally self-inflicted. A Imliet pierced the boy's abdomen and punctured the stomach and intestines. The accident occurred at Neff lake, northwest of Greeley. Members of his family were fishing and picknicking at the lake. Greeley.--James V. Foster, con- victed of burning his wife to death, has been granted an extension until June 22 to file motion for a new trial. Foster also was accused of burning his three children to death. He pleaded not guilty because of insanity, but was convicted of first degTee murder by a Jury. He was not tried for the death of the children. Fort Collins.--Earl R. Hoage of Denver was re-elected president of the Colorado State Federation of Labor dur!ng the thirty-sixth convention of the group here. The vote was unani- mous. Other officers: John E. Gross, Pueblo, re-elected secretary-treasurer; Mrs. Vernie E. Voight, Denver, wom- an's vice president at large; C. B. Noxon and J. Osborn, vice presidents of the Denver district. Denver.---Colorado livestock is in good condition and ranges have im- proved in the last month, according to the June 1 report of the Colorado Co- operating Crop Reporting service. The condition of cattle is 91 per cent, which is below the five-year average of 95 per cent, but cattle in eastern Colorado have improved in the last month. Losses were heavy in that re- gion in tile March storm. Recent losses have been light. Canon City.--The "steepest railway on earth" was formally dedicated June 14 in appropriate ceremonies at the top of the Royal gorge. The rail- way is built from the top of the gorge to the bottom, a distance of 1,725 feet. The angle is 45 degrees. Two steel cars, with a capacity of twenty-four passengers each, operate on the rail- way. They operate on a cable and have seven different braking systems so as to insure complete control at all times. Craig.--E. J. Farmer, a Moffat coun- ty rancher, was sentenced to die on the gallows the week of Sept. 13 for the murder of Earl Hopkins, a farm hand, on the Mountain Meadow ranch near here, Jan. 8. Farmer was found guilty after a Jury had deliberated four hours, t{e was sentenced by Dis- trict Judge Charles E. Herriek, who said a motion for a new trial would not be necessary. Farmer declared he would appeal the case to the State Supreme Court. Eleven eount'ies h a v e formed the U. S. Highway Fifty Club to promote travel on this main artery running from the eastern boundary of the state to the Utah line. The coun- ties represented in a meeting here In- cluded those from Pueblo to Mesa, and five or more delegates were present from each. They represented Cham- bers of Commerce, service clubs and newspapers. Charles Adams of Mont- rose was chairman of the meeting and C. N. Cooper of Canon City, secretary. Denver.--Colorado has 59,956 farms with a total value of $629,346,675. Farm tracts in the state aggregate 28,- 876,171 acre. Of these 8,448,684 acres are classed as crop land, 19,338,- 377 acres as pasture, and 130,719 acres as woodland not used for pasture. Crops were harvested from 6,750,398 acres in 1929 and crops failed on 858,- 052 acres. There are 840,234 acres idle or fallow. Colorado farm build. lugs are valued at $118,391,947, and farm machinery at $50,241,437. These figures, from the federal farm census of Colorado, were released recently by U. S. Department of Commerce. Red Cliff.--Followers of the Chris- tian religion throughout Colorado are urgently invited to Join, on Sunday, June 21, in religious exercises near Red Cliff, Colo., dedicating the beauti- ful tract of land that has been set aside by the United States govern- ment as "The Shrine of the Mount of the Holy Cross." The dedication will be a one-day affair. Motorists can drive their cars directly to The Shrine, so walking or other hardships will not be necessary. Members of all branches of the Christian religion are inlted to participate. The Shrine of the Mount of the Holy Cross is ap- proximately six miles from Red Cliff. Pictou.--Mary Gertrude Young, a Camp Fire Girl here, was named torch bearer of the national organiza- tion, according to word received here. The title is the highest recognition that can be peid to a member of the National Camp Fire Girls. Boulder.--The University of Colo- rado will begin construction early next spring of a dormitory for freshm in eradicating communism he would women to accommodate approximat- divest himself of all military power IF 300, regents of the institution voted and retire to his farm in Chekiang at a special meeting. The building province. If he failed, he said, he to be ready for occupancy by the sum- would die on the battlefield, mer of 1983. t'. 1931. Western Newspaper Unlbn.I A]00IZONA00 Ancient Mission of San Xavier del Bac, In Arizona, (Prepared by the National Geographic Society. Washington. D. C.) CROSS Arizona automobile traffic is setting predominantly east now, where tt flowed west a few months ago. Much of it comes from California, but to a goodly number of the motorists who have been in quest of milder climates Ari- zona has been winter home, for it is fast becoming an American Egypt. Since 1920, Arizona's tourist traffic has grown more than 1,000 per cent. Winter playground hunters are drawn to her ever-multiplying hotels, auto camps and dude ranches. In Phoenix on some winter nights 2,500 people sleep in the auto camps. At Flagstaff, among 51 motor cars parked about a hotel, licenses were counted from 22 different states and two from Canada. By train and auto, more than 200,000 people saw the Grand Canyon In one recent year. Ten years ago a dozen tourists a day, coming from Tucson down to No- gales, were a crowd of sightseers. Last year close to 15,000 motorcar parties visited this bilingual town that sprawls astride the international bor- der. Since the recent completion of the Southern Pacific raih'oad line down the Mexican west coast, one may ride from Los Angeles to Mexico City. This puts old Nogales, once but a camping place for Forty-niners, on one of the main railways tying up the two republicsa new channel of north and south tourist travel. New Grand Canyon Bridge. One of the highest bridges in the world has been completed recently across the Grand Cgnyon. One hun- dred thirty-five miles north of Flag- "staff this dizzy structure spans the Colorado. It eliminates the old river crossing, known as Lees Ferry, six miles above its site. Until now the only vehicular way through the Canyon was down a narrow, dangerous moun. tain road that hugged the face of bluffs, to reach Lees Ferry, set up long ago by Mormons migrating to Arizona from Utah. Except the Mor- mons, Indians, traders, and trappers, very few travelers have ever passed this way. Yet this path leads through a re- gion of astounding and rugged beauty. From Flagstaff north It crosses the flaming Painted Desert; then, over the bridge hung like a giant steel spider web spun between precipitous canyon cliffs, past Bryce Canyon, into the Kaibab National Forest and Zion National Park. Through countless centuries, until this bridge was built, the great gorge barred man from travel north and south. In all the United States there were no two post offices "so near and yet so far" apart as those on opposite sides of the Grand Canyon of Arizona before thls bridge was built. It is only about eleven miles by air line from the post office at Grand Canyon sta- tion, Arizona, on the south rim, to albab Forest station, on the north rim. Yet, because It was quicker, mail, before the bridge opened, was sent via California, Nevada, through Utah, down to Cedar, and thence 170 miles by stage or vice versa, between these post offices, a distance of 1,025 miles, though one station can be seen from the other through field glasses! Arizona's white population, not in- cluding Mexicans, has in.creased by 600 per cent since the Spanish-American war and its wealth has multiplied'may- be twenty times. Lonely cow trails are changed to crowded motor lanes, and million-dollar hotels flaunt their splendor where 'dobe huts and .desert skies were long man's only shelter. High Lights of Arizona'z Story. Now, to see modern Arizona whole, look hastily at its map spot and at high lights in its astounding past. Under the treaty of Guadalupe Hi- dalgo in 1848, the United States ac- quired land only as far south as the Gila river; by the Gadsden Purchase, in 1854, It received the rest of that terra incognlta later called Arizona territory. A few studious Americans, delving in early Spanish chronicles, learned that explorers like Cabeza de Vaca and Cordnado, and early missionaries like Father Klno had found here "rivers with banks three leagues high" md mines rich enough to yield a silver nugget so heavy that two mules were lashed together to carry it! From beaver trappers, too, who had ven- tured down tle Colorado, tales of Art- zona's scenic wonders, and of its warlike Apaches, had brought back. But to most practically nothing was known Arizona; it was too hard of One early delegate to reached Washington by way of area and is said to have $7,000 in mileage! This same years later, set up a arm-worship in Arizona. To give Arizona a seaport, Mr. den's own plan was to take in of Sonora, down to Guaymas. would have provided a port on Gulf of California, which might shifted the whole economic and migration history of Arizona and ably of northwest Mexico, too. this plan was not approved; Sam found himself with a remote, s explored savage land, hard to So, instead of our "American having a seaport on its border, it mains a landlocked region of rail hauls. This inaccessibility, the of the country itself, and its inhabitants kept Arizona for the most backward of all our tortes. Buying Arizona was folly, people said ; its arid wastes were less. Yet surveys began to show for all Its evil deserts, it had big spots of much value; also, now belonged to us, we were free to roads across it, to tie up Texas southern California. Nearly Isolated for Years. Yet for twenty years after den purchase Arizona with the outside world largely bY ter. Ships ran from San to the mouth of the Colorado via-the Mexican ports of La Paz, and Guaymas. A semi-monthly mail and stage line was started in 1857 San Antonio to San Diego; but times it cost the government $65 carry each letter! A year later historic Butterfleld stages began ning between St. Louis and San ciseo. An early writer says: was one of the grand of the age, to span the continent bY semi-weekly line of stages, bonds to perform, by sole power horseflesh, a trip of nearly 2,500 within the schedule of 25 days." It was the trek of people from South to the West after the Civil that began to give Arizona Previous to that, white men saw of It, except the regions about son, the Gila Bend, and Yuma, lay along the Forty-niners trails. Today passenger on fast through Arizona complain If the er in the club car is not cool or the barher's razor is dull. "laid out" for two hours at a pace Tubae with a broken engine is hardship. Arizona really began to grow with the development of her by Americans. Future Seems Assured. Fears that when mines were out Arizona might decline in and population have the World war. There are two sons: First, the Increase of farm tiers under, new irrigation second, discovery of ways to and smelt copper at lower cost. Where low-grade copper ore in great masses near the top of ground, as at Blsbee, miners blast and use steam shovels. than 1,000,000 tons of rock have broken by one "shot." One can grasp the size of mining industry when it is that the state employs more 25,000 men and dlgs each year 000,000 pounds of copper, pounds of lead, 6,000,000 ounces  silver, and $5,000,000 in gold. Inevitably, mining will decline; by that day Arizona believes creased farm, fruit, live sto other growing industries will her economic balance. Today there Is the great Yuma oct; the big new dams at Horse and Mormon Flat, and the new tlple-dome Coolidge dam on the river, near San Carlos. The stands in a box canyon, eighty above the lands it waters. At about 4,400 Plma Indian 50,000 acres, are the chief lea. But, to make the project economically, it also waters an area owned by white farmerS Florence and Casa Grande.