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The Saguache Crescent
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June 20, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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June 20, 1901

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-- I I I I o TOt ..Y of MONTE. CARLO The object of this article is to show the demoralizing effect of gambling. The craving to get something without honest, hard work can never be the true foundation on which to build a successful career. Gaming is seen in its most vivid phase at Monte Carlo. No thinking man can witness the play there without realizing the utter emptiness and folly of it. Even mathe- matical statistics show that every Player must sooner or later lose his all if he continues to gamble, and with his losings his self-respect also goes.-- Ed. Five million dollars per annum, or nearly so, have been realized during .the past few years from the gambling tables at Monte Carlo. Let it be stat- ed briefly how the gambling tables Were taken there. Francois Blanc was father to the schemes which have com- Pletely transformed this natural beauty spot of the Riviera into an earthly paradise, and centralized in the picturesque little principality all the luxuries and comforts, as well as all the vices that belong to mankind at the beginning of tl~e twentieth cen- tury. But there were gambling tables at Monte Carlo long before Pere Blanc arrived. As far back as 1853 the late 2,000. Then the bank in Nice, which had always financed the Casino, got a large number, and several politicians and Paris journalists who helped to assist the affair were favored with the paper. Altogether about half the shares were distributed in this way, the rest were offered to the public. A Gambling Enterprlae Tha~ l~ules n ]Principality. As Pore Blanc remarked: "He who breaks the bank to-day will be broken by the bank to-morrow." The winner at Monte Carlo returns to make a little more; the loser returns to try to get his money back again. And so, in the end, the bank Wins. Let us now proceed to the debit side of the Casino account. To take the items of expenditure in the order given upon the balance-sheet, of a recent year, we note first the $250,000 paid annually to the Prince of Monaco, un- der the contract, for the concession to carry on the gambling business in the principality. When Prince Albert "came to the throne" in 1889, he was credited with a desire to close the Casino, and thus, by wiping out the stain which his father had laid upon it, restore thee prestige of the ancient House of Grimaldi. The Princess (who was the' Duchess of Richelieu, nee Mlle. Heine) was also anxious to range her- self among the crowned heads of Europe. But Prince Albert looked from his palace across the Bay of Hercules toward the gilded minarets of the Ca- sino, and found himself powerless. Theoretically Prince Albert is as ab- solute a monarch as the Czar; prac- tically he is as impotent as the de- posed African king, and is held just as much in bondage. The Principality sion, in the case of Ryan vs. Preston, and held not to impose an additional burden on the highway, and not to be a use of the highway for which the abutting owner is entitled to compen- sation. The court said that the regu- lation confining the bicycles to the use of such paths no more imposed an additional burden upon the use of the highway, as affecting the right of an abutting owner, than would a statute requiring all vehicles going in either direction to keep to the right. It was objected that the bicycle paths would interfere with the custom of hitching horses, but the court said that no case had been cited establishing the abso- lute right of obstructing travel upon a highway by hitching horses. Agreeable ]Friends. I have friends whose society ts ex- tremely agreeable to me; they are of all ages and of every country. They have distinguished themselves both in the cabinet and in the field, and ob- tained high honors for their known edges of the sciences. It is easy to gain access to them, for they are al- ways at my service, and I admit them to my compay, and dismiss them from it whenever I please. They are never troublesome, but immediately answer every question I ask them. Some relate to me the events of the past ages, while others reveal to me the secrets of nature. Some teach me how to live, and others how to die. Some, by their vivacity, drive away my cares and ex- hilarate my spirits, while others give fortitude to my mind, and teach me the important lesson how to restrain my desires, and to depend wholly on myself. They open to me, in short, the various avenues of all the arts and sciences and upon their information I safely rely in all emergencies.--Pe- trarch. Books as Levelle~. In the best books, great men tall~ to us, with us, and give us t~eir most precious thoughts. Books are the voices of the distant and the dead. Books are the true levellers. They give to all who will faithfully use them, the society and the presence of the best and greatest of our race. No matter how poor I am; no matter though the prosperous of my own ~'H ~" CASI~r Prince Charles granted a thirty years' eoncessio~ to a company with a capital of $500,000 to carry on the gambling business. Pere Blanc, who was a man of the French bourgeois type, simple in his habits, but clever and strong-headed in finance, died on July 27th, 1877, leaving a fortune of nearly $35,000,000; and this notwithstanding the immense lUres that were spent during his re- ~aarkable career upon his several gambling establishments. The Casino was carried on for the 13lane family by Count Bertora (who aspired to marry the old man's widow) until the original concession expired, in 1883. In October of that year he Was successful in concluding another thirty years' contract with Prince ~harles for a consideration of $250,000 Der annu~ from the profits ~of the gambling and 5,000 shares in the new company which it was then decided to |Orm. The statutes of this the existing COmpany are dated December 14, 1882; they were approved and signed by Prince Charles onMarch 15, 1883; and [a them are embodied all the con- dltions of the original concession, cer- tain modificatiohs being made to meet the requirements demanded by the new V~anagement. Ik Cloie Corpo~tlon with 86.000,000 CnpltaL The capital of the concern was fixed at $6,000,000, divided into 60,000 shares of $100 each, to bear a fixed interest at the rate of 5 per cent, or $5 per an- aura, payable after the half-yearly ~aeeting in November and a dividend ripen the profits of the gambling of the Fear--the amount to be divided by the directors at the annual meeting in April. A clause was inserted in the statutes to the effect that, in order to be able to take part in these meetings, a shareholder must own at least 200 of the shares, or $20,000 worth of the ~asino stock; and, when the allotment Was made, good care was taken that Only members and friends of the B~anc family should be permitted to take up this number, so that the control of the Concern should remain in the hands of their little coterie. Some years ago, however, all that was changed; and the Daternal Blanc-Bertora administration gave place to another of a very differ- ent character, with two Paris bankers at. its head. Five thousand shares were, as al- ready stated, given to the Prince of Monaco; Prince Radziwlll took 4,800; Prince Roland Bonaparte, 4,000; M, Ed- lnond Blanc, 4.200; M. Camille Blanc, 4,000; Coupt Bertora, 2,000; the Wag- atha family, related to the Blancs, of Monaco Is entirely governed and controlled by the bank, and if Prince Albert were to attempt to break the contract it "might cost him his crown!" Financially such a step would be much against his interests, seeing that, in addition to the $250,000 which he receives from the concession, he gets revenue upon 5,000 shares, and on this his average profit amounts to $200,000 per annum. Altogether the in- come of the Prince of Monaco cannot be less than the comfortable revenue of $750,000 a year. Found Guineas to Lo~e Them, One of the most cruel stories that we have read for a long while is that of the remarkable find of guineas, some 50 in number, by two little girls at play'in a garden of the village of Lud- dington, near Goole, in Lincolnshire. It Is a fine marshy country that con- ceals excellently well any secret com- mitted to its keeping, Here these lit- tle girls found one of the guineas lying on the grass and called their mother. The soil was dug up, when about fifty were discovered. At this very pleas- ant point in the story, the inevitable marplot of all children's best devices swoops down in the shape of the police and the law, claiming the guineas as "treasure trove" for the crown. The guineas were iv_a fine state of preser- vation. Their date is 1774 and later, and no doubt they must have belonged to some former owner of the house, pulled down last year, which stood In the garden where the little girls found the guineas of which the hard law de- spoiled them.--Country Life. Sldepathq for Bloyolee. The New York statutes authorizing the construction and maintenance of side paths for the use of bicycles along public roads and streets and for use of such paths by persons riding bicy- cles have been declared constitutional by the supreme court, appellate dirt- time will not enter my obscure dwell- ing, if learned men and poets will en- ter and take up their abode under my roof~if Milton will cross my thresh- hold to sing to me of Paradise, and Shakespeare open to me the world of imagination and the.workings of the human heart; anti Franklin enrich me with his practical wlsdom--I shall not pine for want of intellectual compan- ionship, and I may become a cultivated man, though excluded from what is called the best society in the place where I live. . Nothing can sup- ply the place of books. T, hey are cheering and soothing companions in solitude, illness or affliction. The wealth of both continents could not compensate for the good they impart.- Channing. King's "Bran dofflehness.- 'I~he prediction that the king would follow the example of h~s ancestor, Henry V., daily finds fresh co'Jflrma- tion. Since his accession he has devel. oped a "standoffishness' towards his old intimates, which is little short of startling. Intimations that he will not in the future dine or sup with a sub- Ject have caused endless heartburn- tngs. "Favorite" is to be an unknown word in his ourL sccording to present calculatlon.--Londo.n cable. Patrlnrehnl Lawmake~ Senators Hoar, Stewart, Pettus and Morgan are a patriarchal group in the upper house at Washington, but they are overtopped in age by the dean of the British house of lords. Lord Gwy- dyr has Just completed his ninety-first year. He took his degree at Cam- bridge in 1831. Miss Lucy C. Coolidge recently re- ceived the largest vote ever cast for one person in Portland, Me. She was on all tickets as a candidate for tin school board and got 8,413 votes. re gan on CH.~PTER IX.--(Conttnued.) her favors, young B;ount having re- As for Mildred, no sooner had the celved orders to join his regiment, words crossed her lips than she dis- which was stationed in Ireland, with- I dained herself for the utterance of out further delay; so that scarcely a them, and wished them back unsaid, week remained to them before "Fare- Ever since that fatal night in the li- brary Denzil and she had lived seem- ingly unseen and unheard by each other, as distinctly remote as though spheres had separated them, instead of so many rooms or feet, as the case might be. Now she felt that, by this one rash, uncalled-for act, she had done away with all the good so many silent days had helped to accomplish. Nevertheless, having once given her word Mildred felt that she must abide by it, and appeared at the breakfast table next morning, to all outward seeming as imperturable as usual. Eddie had also risen betimes to see ~ts friend depart, and rattle on in gal- lant style all through the ~ismal meal, leaving no space for the other two to express their opinions, had they been so inclined. At length, a footman en- tering to announce the arrival of the dog-cart at the hall door, Eddie rose to see to Denzil's further comforts, and so left him and Mildred at last alone. He came toward her, and, taking both her hands, held them with a clasp that amounted almost to pain. "Think of me kindly," he said, in a low tone full of acute meaning. "I will," she said. "Is it quite hopeless, Mildred?" "You will be late for your train," murmured Miss Trevanion, very gent- ly. So it fell out that King's Abbott was once more bereft of guests;, and still the Trevanions were unhappy, because the very train that carried away-- snugly ensconced among its cushions-- the unhappy Denzll, brought to~,Lady Caroline a letter that filled her ~entle bosom with dire alarm. The letter began, "Mr. Dear Niece," and ended, "Your attached aunt, Har- riet Disney," its contents being to the effect that Lady Eagleton--Lady Caro- line's aunt by the father's side--had generoussly made up her mind to sacrl- lice her pleasu~s~ inclination, habits, end ~f generally for the purpos~ of 'bestowing her society upon her "dear I niece" aforesaid. This was ineed a heavy blow, her ladyship having at- I rained the troublesome age of eighty- two--being one of those people whom to entertain is a kind of martyrdom. As misfortunes never come single, it was Just about this time also that Lady Caroline heard for the first time of Mildred's refusal of Denzil Younge. The I girl had hitherto kept it nervously to herself, thinking of it now and then with mingled feelings of pain and something akin to pleasure, but out- wardly suppressing all sign until this day, when Lady Caroline timidly and without preface touched on the, subject of his evident admiration of her. "It seems a pity you could not care for him, Mildred," she said, interroga- tively, as though it were by no means a certainty that Mildred did not care for him; "we should all like it so much, and your father says " Mildred rose hastily and threw down her work, while two red spots appeared on her cheeks. "Mamma," she sald, "perhaps it will be better, and will put a stop to all further mention of this matter, if I tell you the truth. Mr. Younge did propose to me, and I refused him." She finished almost defiantly and turned to leave the room. "Mildred, is it possible?" exclaimed Lady Caroline. "Oh, Mllly!" cried Mabel, who was also present, with lively reproach and disapproval in her tone. "Is it such a crime then? Has noth- ing of the kind ever been done be- fore?" demanded" Mildred, passionate- ly; and then she went out. and left them to their wonderings and censures an her conduct. When eventually Sir George was told the unlucky news, it rendered him at first furious, and then despairing. Things were becoming more embar- rassed and entangled day by day, the immediate possession of a large sum of money being the only hope his law- ' yer could hold out to him of ultimate- ly saving the ~tate; and,. as affairs were, It would be a difficult if not im- possible task to procure it. Denzll. with his immense wealth, was out of his great love for Mildred, would have thought little of lending twice the amount required. But now all that was changed, and Mildred's had been the hand to dash the hope aside. Both he and Lady Caroline were strangely distant and unsympathetic to her in these days; her father irritably ~, her mother with a sort of mourn- ful gravity that touched her far more. Lord Lyndon, who at this period showed a tact and an adroitness that would have reflected honor on a clev- erer man, managed to be perpetually at her side. His attentions were open and unmistakable, while he declared his inability to withdraw from her presence even for a time by the fact of his taking a shooting-box quite close to King's Abbott for the season. All the little world of Cliston were beginning to look upon it as a settled matter, there being no mistake as to whom his devotion was given, as Roy Blount's wooing, and Mabel's accept- ance of it. were very transparent thln~ indeed; besides, Just now, "the queen" was too much taken up with ~orrowful mls~ivln~a and tender re- flsctt0ns to admit of an7 division of well" that saddest of all words-- would have to be uttered. This news had been communicated to Mabel in a doleful whisper, and had been received as dolefully. For once all coquetry was laid aside, and she confessed herself as miserable at the idea of his going as he could be to go. CHAPTER X. Lady Eagleton and her "train" ar- rived at King's Abbott, the "train" consisting of one long-suffering maid, one ditto man, one lapdog, and one dilapidated canary. "The canary always means three months, does it not?" asked Eddie, tragically, as the cortege swept up the stairs. Mildred burst into an unrestralnable laugh. "Oh, what shall we do?" she gasped. '~What is to become of us? A little of Lady Eagleton goes such a very long way. Mr. Blount" to Roy, who had walked over as usual, and who, having seen the procession, was enjoying the whole thing as much as any of them-- "I will give you anythinig I possess, if you will show me some method of get- ting rid of her before C'hristmas time." "And I will give you anything, if you will Just take her out and tie her to a tree and deliberately ghoot her," said Eddie, gloomily. "Edward, how can you speak so dis- respectfully of your grand-aunt?" put in Lady Caroline, reprovingly, walking away, her face covered with smiles. $ $ $ ~ For a week everything had gone on smoothly, or rather there had been no actual outbreaks on the part of Lady Eagleton, though smothered hints and comments had been numerous. In a covert manner she inveighed against actions, habits, aequaintanees, and all that came beneath her notice, but carefully subdued any open demonstra- tions of disapproval unt|l the day be- fore Roy's departure, when she chose to be particuluarly offensive. Blot~nt ha(] come over rather earlier than usual, i~ being his last day, and he and Mabel had gone for a farewell walk among the shrubberies and through the winter gardens where they had loved to linger all through their hurried courtship. As he was not to leave until a late train the following day, he parted from her with the as- surance that. he would be down the next morning. Slightly flushed and wholly miser- able, Mabel entered the ~mall drawing room, where ~she found her mother, Mildred, and Lady Eagleton assembled "How heated you look, child! What have you been doing with yourself?" demanded the old lady, the moment she came within her view. "Walking," returned Mabel, shortly. "With that young man again, I pre- sume?" grunted her grand-aunt, omin- ously; whereupon Lady Caroline began to look uneasy. "I was walking with Mr. Blount," said "the queen," defiantly. She was sore at heart, and longing for sym- pathy, so that the old woman's words and manner grated cruelly on her overwrought feelings. "I rea'rly think all decency and order have gone from the world." went on Lady Eagleton. "Society nowadays is widely different from what it once was. Even common propriety is a thing of the past. In my time a young woman would scarcely be allowed, under any circumstances, to walk alone with a young man for hours together~certain- ly not unless they were formally be- trothed, having the consent of all par- ties concerned--and probably not even then. I presume he has made you an offer of marriage?" Mildred rose, as if to interfere; but Mabel spoke again. "People in your time must have been very depraved people indeed, Aunt Harriet," she said. with ill-suppressed indignation, "if they could make mis- chief out of a simple walk with one's friend. At all events, I am very glad I live in the days I do; and, if you are particularly anxious to know, I will tell you that Mr. Blount has not made me an offer of marriage, as you call it." Her ladyship was triumphant. "Has he not?" she said. "Then, if I were you, my dear, I would have as little more to say to him as possible. Young men who dilly-daily, and put off the evll hour, as he appears to be doing, seldom or never mean anything. I dare say he is only agreeably whil- ing away his time down here. and will think no more of you once his back is turned." Mabel was choking with rake, but could think of nothing to say. Lady Caroline, who sat a little behind her aunt, put out her hand to her daughter with a "gesture of sympathetic affec- tion. but she was nervously afraid of this terrible old woman, and knew not how to interfere effectually. "Young men now are not what young men were," continued Lady Eagieton, impressively, "and I think Mr. Blount one of the worst specimens I have yet seen. His manners are so cool; and he is so insolently self-pos- sessed; and he has none of the well- bred diffidence, the courtly elegance that distinKutshd the men of my 4~n- oration. He is not half good on@ugh for you, my dear, even were he iq i earnest, which I am pleased to consld~ e2tremely doubtful. I will receive youl for a month or two, Mabel," declared~ her ladyship, magnificently, "and in-, troduce you to those with whom youl ought to associate. You shall return' with me to my home, and gain those advantages that this secluded country" place can never afford." "Your ladyship is wonderfully kind,TM returned Mabel, "but I find 'this se- cluded country place' quite good enough for my tastes. Besides, I could not dream of accepting ypur Invita- tion." "May I ask why not?" demanded her grand-aunt, majestically. "Because there is nothing In the world to which I should more strenu- ously object than to spend two months in your ladyship's society," answered Mabel. '.'You wicked girl!" almost screamed Lady Eagletou, rising and supporting herself on her gold-headed stick while she quivered with anger. "How dare you presume so to speak to me! Caro- line, why do you not order her to leave the room? Am I, at my age, and after all the sacrifices I have made for my family, to submit to the impertinence of a chit of a girl like that?" Poor Lady Caroline was terrified. "Dear Aunt Harriet, she did not mean it," she said--"she did not, in- deed--did you, Mabel? Speak, darling, and tell her it was all a mistake." "She shall apologize to me, or I will leave this house, never to enter it again," protested Aunt Harriet, still raging. "So she will, I am sure. Mabel, my dearest, tell your grand-aunt haw sorry you are for having used the language you did," said Lady Caroline, implor- ingly "apologize to her." "Apologize for what?" demand~l Mabel. "She asked me to pay her a visit, and I declined. She then inquired ~ny reasons, and I gave them. I do not see that any apology is necessary. However," she went on, turning to- ward the old lady, and executing an impertinent little courtesy, "if it will in any way'gratify you, I will beg your pardon, and admit that I am extremely sorry to think I was the cause of put- ting you in such a dreadful temper." Lady Caroline, after considerable dif- ficulty, having managed to smooth down the old lady's ruffled plumage, she consented to forgive and forget, and once more peace was restored. But Mabel, when the terrible "last hour" came the following day, though she never for a monist doubted Roys- ton, yet felt somehow shy and con- ~traln~d. remembering vividly that one little b~ttng question of Lady Eagle- ton's~ as to whether,he had ever made her the requisi.tei offer of ~aarr|~age. Meantime Roy s sorrow had swal- lowed up all nervousness and every other sentiment, leaving him only able to hold her hands and entreat that she would never forget him. "I shall be back soon," he said--"so soon that you will scarcely have time to miss me; and meanwhile I shall write by every post, and you will do likewise, will you not?" To which she had returned a sad, half-reluctant "Yes." Had he been less wrapped up in sad thoughts about the coming parting, he might perhaps have fancied his love somewhat cold and cruel; but, as it was, he saw nothing. Presently he spoke the words that, had they been uttered yesterday, would have caused his "queen" to stand in such a different light before her tormentor. "Shall I write to your father?" he asked. "You know, Mabel, it is time there was some decided understanding between us. Shall I ask your father's consent to a regular engagement, dar- ling?" "Yes," Mabel answered, partly co'm- forted--"I suppose it will be best;" then, sadly breaking down, "Oh, Roy, what shall I do .without you?" After this there ensued fond words and lingering caresses, and warm as- surances of never-dying love; and then they kissed their last fond kiss and parted. (To be continued.} CITY PBOPLE CURIOUS. Colored Mnn'l" Song Nearly ]Blocks Ttmme in New YOrkd It was only a song, and an old one at that, but it came near causing block on the Broadway cable line the other day. The singer was as black as the coal in the cart he was driv- ing, but that fact cast no shadow on his exuberant spirits. As he swung his chariot from Broadway into Cort- landt street he raised his voice. ~lays the New York Mail and Express. Then the trouble began. When the notes of "Old Black Joe" rang out high anct clear above the din of traffic exprea- sions of blank amazement overspread the faces of the hurrying pedestrians who thronged the sidewalks. Nscks were craned in a vain search for the location of some newly patented pllon- ograph. Crowds collected and gazed vacantly into the air, as If they" ex- pected to locate the sound in som~ of- fice window. Teams were drawn up until a long line of trucks'extended into Cortlandt street to Broadway, barring access to the street, that their drivers might ascertain the creme of the crowd's .curiosity. Suddenly newsboy cried: "Ah, rubber: Dontcher see it's only de nigger a-singin'?" The crowd laughed. The darky, now hm- tily holding forth on "The Suwane~ River," turned sharply* into Church street, totally oblivious to the e~ci~ sent he had caused. The crowd then dispersed, and the long line of wagons began to move once more. '~ell!" exclaimed a Jerseyman on his way to the ferry, "New Yorkers call coun- try people curious, but~" He shr~- ged~ him shoulders and passed on. Train the waltr~m to hold a d~ with her hand un~