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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
July 11, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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July 11, 1901

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j| III I ..... . :DA WSO,N CITY. ~he Late Judge Wood, r. Joseph Ladue, the founder of Daw- City in the Klondike, died last at his home in Schuyler Falls, N.Y. He had not been w~ll since his from Alaska and spent last at Colorado Springs in a vain ~search for health. He fell a victim of consumption, contracted in the so- 'northern climate. He leaves a and one son. The adventurous career of the pros- pector was begun on a farm near the northern end of Lake Champlain, he was born. In his early man- Mr. Ladue went to the far north- and finally located on the Upper having been attracted by the fine woodland in the neighborhood. Here he bought 160 acres of land, built sawmill and established an embryo post. It was upon his land that gold was discovered in the Yukon region, Ladue's trading post became the :l)rosperous city of Dawson, the north- ern city of gold. His estates in the Klondike region, with the property he has sold are said to be worth several millions of dollars. Mr. Ladue returned to his home nea~: l~lattsburg in July, 1897, and told stories of the gold-mad colony the North. Love for " Miss Anna Mason of Schuyler Falls, N. Y., led the gold king back to civilization. She ~aad been engaged to Mr. Ladue for years, and the marriage had postponed from time to time, awaiting the day when the lumber business on the Yukon would Justify the union. Fortune was the ally of romance and Miss Mason became Mrs, Darius a few weeks after her fiance's :return in 1897. Before Mr. Ladue strayed into the Yukon Valley, in 1882, he had spent THE LATE JOSEPH LADUE, FOUN DER OF DAWSON CITY. several years in the Black Hills during the gold excitement in that region, and in Arizona and New Mexico. Upon his return from the Klondike In 1897 he brought with him gold nuggets worth $3,000, He carried them about with him and made no secret of it. As he was passing through Chicago on his ew/odnw for .NaSa! Nledal '. Congress ordered that two meda'.s struck to commemorate the achievements of the United States navy in the campaign in the West In- dies during the Spanish-American war; of these one is to be known as the battle medal, and the other as the tary ot the Navy Long has Just ap- proved of the above two designs for the battle medal. In its report to Sec- retary Long the board on awards took particular pains to point out that the battle medal is not conferred for ser- vices rendered on any one engagement. return West a pickpocket stole *-he nuggets and they have never been found. Mr. Ladue was 46 years old. He was a typical miner in speech and dress, Uneducated, but naturally of keen in- tellect, he was a leader in each mining camp that he visited. go to those who were at Santiago, or at Ponce, or at San Juan..or at Ma- tanzas, or at Cardenas, or off Cienfue- SOS, or to the fortunate few who were in all of these battles. The board stated that it placed Sampson's head upon the medal be- cause he was commander-in-chief of the West Indian squadron, as the head of Dewey was Dtaced on the Manila medal. But the medal will not be known as the Santiago medal in par- ticular, for the reason that it will bear upon the reverse the name of the de- cisive battle in which the recipient participated. The additional battles will be represented by separate bars attached to the suspending ribbon, the latter red. white, and blue, one bar for each battle. Thtts in the case of an officer like Wainwright. who figur- ed in many engagements, the bars will be almost as conspicuous as the medal. The Sampson portrait is in profile taken from a likeness made Just before the outbreak of the Span- ish war. On the face of the medal the inscription reads: "United States Naval Campaign in the West Indies, 1898--William Thomas Sampson, Com- mander-in-Chief." The suspending bar above bears the American eagle over a design in oak leaves. The reverse of the medal marks the government's recognition of the splendid services of "The Man Be- hind the Gun." Surrounding the pic- ture on the rim of the medal is a handsome laurel wreath. The ln- -scription would read like this:' "San- meritorious service medal. Acting it is, as congress ordered, intended for tiago (or Clenfuegos or San Juan, etc.) upon the unanimous recommendation all the men who participated in the July 3 (or the appropriate date), 1898~ of the Naval Board of Awards, Secre- West Indian campaign, and so it will John Smith, seaman, U. S. S. Texas.' ~Ru~r~ria and Che :aount.v. total Russian force along this whole t Harpin, on the Sungarl river, Russian Unless Russia actually pays her aug- line was one Cossack regiment, ease- I headquarters in Manchooria, there ar refiners to export their product our ciated with a Chinese regiment on ] were no apprehensions of trouble, and i " law does not subject her sugar to d s- guard duty. Hundreds of thousands [ Professor Wright and party started criminating duties. But she does not of Chinese were willing workers under J down the river June 27 for Kabar- pay them. She simply refunds them Russian superintendents. There were ] ovsk, 700 miles di~ant, on the Ameer. the amount they have already paid in, nowhere signs of trouble, and there [ Half way down the steamer was or- domestic taxes. She doesn't even do" was absolutely no preparation for it I dered back by telegraph, as the revo- that completely. She gives them cer- by the Russians. I lution had come without a moment's tlficate~ of export which m4ty be used All along the route the Russian on- ~ warning. in paying their taxes a year later, but gineers had their families with them, [ From this it is very evident -that which are worth 8 per cent less than and were confiding complicitly in the I those who at first claimed that Run- cash on the spot. If Russia did not col- Chinese workmen and soldiers. At I sia connived to start the war In Man- lect any tax on sugar at all nobody Leo-sha-ku the railway property was ] chooria were either mistaken or lied would contend that she paid a bounty guarded by Chinese soldiers. At ] deliberately. ~)n exports. If she had a system by -~- _-_-_-~-_~.-_-_-. which sugar designed for export was ~ , w~ ~ ~ - @ shipped directly abroad without pay- ,/~T ~ ~ ~L~~~ ~~~Ye lug a tax, while the tax was collected e ,on that retained, it would be a bounty. But because she collects her domestic taxes from all sugar alike, and then gives them back to ~porters, not in cash, but in the shape of certificates receivable for next year's taxes, Mr. Gage insists that she pays a bounty. If the remission of a tax is'a bounty we may as well prepare for a tariff war with every country on earth, for ~here is not one of them that does not give its exports that chance to com- pete on even terms in foreign markets, Corre~tin~ False lmp.e~ion~r. Three false impressions as to the Russian problem i~ Manchooria are dispelled by Professor G. Frederick Wright of Oberlin college in an ar- ticle in the Review of Reviews for July. Professor Wright was in Peking at the time of the outbreak last May, and on his escape from the city was :forwarded by the Russian Admiral Alexleff on the Chinese Eastern rail- road through Manchooria. At that time the Russian officials had no apprehension of danger in :Manchoorla. They were assured by the Chinese government that there would be no uprising in the districts or provinces traveled by the railroad. Professor Wright went in a construc- tion train as far as the railroad was completed, or to a point thirty miles ,~eyond Mukden. From there he went ~00 miles along the unfinished line of the railroad in Chinese carts. The These new lance boats have but re- cently been adopted for the German army. When packed two boats weigh about sixty pounds and can be carried by a single horse. All that is needed for the lance boats is a water-proof cover, from twelve to sixteen lances, and a few cross-sticks. The lances forming the framework can be tleu together by the troopers in five min- utes. In another two the cover is fastened on and the boat is ready for launching. Oars are made, a lance and a blade composed of canvas fast- ened to stout pieces of stick. Some- times, to secure further stability, -lances are laid across two boats, bind- ing them together, One horse can eas-* lly carry two boats when packed up, On the old system it would require 2,000 men and 3.500 horses merely to look after the transport of the boats if every squadron were supplied with two boats. With the new boats, how- ever. only 500 horses are needs& Judge William Woods whose death was recorded a few days since, was born on May 13, 1837, at Farmtngton, Marshall County, Tenn. He left the youngest of three children, the other two being girls. At the age of four months William Allen Woods' father died. When he was 10 years of age he took his share of the work on the farm and continued for four years. He was then sent to Wabash College, from which place he graduated in 1859. After leaving college he taught school at Marion, Ind., which was broken up by the outbreak of the war. He ~egan the practice of law in 1873. Judge Woods' THE LATE JUDGE WOODS. success at the bar was rapid. In 1873 he was elected to the ~crffice of Circuit Judge of the Thirty-fourth Circuit of Indlana'and was re-elected in 1578. In 1880 Judge Woods was elected to the State Supreme Court bench. In 188S President Arthur appointed Judge Woods as United States District Judge, succeeding Judge Walter Q, Gresham. On March 17, 1892, President Harrison appointed Judge Woods Judge of the Untted States seventh Judicial cir- cuit, which he held until his death. Besides a widow, two children survive him, Floyd A. and Alice, both of In- dianapolis. He gained celebrity by is- suing the injunction against the rail- way strikers in 1894 and sentenced Eugene V. Debs and other officers of the American Railway union to Jail. l~Funch~tter'~ ~unicipai Tram~. In 1895, one year after Glasgow had begun the successful operation of its tramways, the City of Manchester be- gan to debate the wisdom of similar action. The matter was carefully con- sidered for two yearn and it was fin- ally decided to municipallze the tram- way service of the city and install the overhead electric system in place of horse traction at the expiration of the operating company's lease of .the tracks in 1901. The company endeav- ored to withstand this project before parliament, but its effort was unsuc- cessful, and a few days ago the first reconstructed lines, comprising about eighteen miles of single track, were opened by the city "with appropriate ceremonies. Electrification of the other lines is proceeding. Gen. Gomez" Viii#. General Maximo Gomez, the greatest soldier of Cuba, came to the United States with words of gratitude to the American people. He expresses the opinion that if the Cubans had under- stood some things better there would \ q GEN. MAXIMO GOMEZ. not have been so much delay in the action of. the Cuban convention, and adds: "Our people simply want an op- portunity to develop their possessions and live in peace, freed from the gall- ing yoke which has held them hereto- fore," Undoubtedly Maximo Gomez is one of the remarkable men of the age. His career as a revolutionist in Cuba was one of strange adventure, of many sacrifices endured with indomitable fortitude, of desperate courage in guer- rilla warfare and of moderate opinions as expressed since the freedom of the island was secured through the help of the United States, A ~Pro.mpt L~t~on. The city of Philadelphia has Just of. fered for sale $9,000,000 of 3 per cent bonds and' has failed to find a pur- chaser. Only one bid of $5,000 was re- ceived. Some bond experts think that the franchise scandal has impaired the city's credlt,as it well might. Others say that the rate of interest offered is too low. But however, that may be, if Mr. Wanamaker's original offer had been accepted the city would have had to borrow only $6,500,000 instead of $9,000,000 and might reasonably have expected better terms, And if this new offer should be accepted and the stol- en franchises be put up at auction, an amount might be secured that would prevent the necessity of lssuln~ any bonn at all Idealism and ~ealiz~ "What strikes me most about your country is Its realism, founded as the nation is upon an ideal. There is no more realistic country than Am- erica, and there is no more idealistic one."--Professor Van "'t Hotf of Hol- land. A For~ffen Chapter ~r/ HI, fiery "The sale of Texas to Spain: ItS Bearing on Our Present Problems," is the title of an article in the July Forum by the Hen. Henry S. Boutell. There are few who know that the United States held title to Texas prior to the admission of the Texas republic to the union, but such was the case, and the transfer of that title to Spain by the treaty of 1819 in exchange for Florida has a distinct bearing on the question recently passed on by the Supreme Court. That question is: "Have the President and the Sen- ate, by treaty, or Congress and the President, by legislation, the consti- tutional power to control and deal with territory which is not a part of one of the states of the union In d manner different from that in which they are bound by the constitution to contr~l and deal with the territory embraced in the several states?" ~t the time when Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States the Rio Grands was the dividing line b~tween French and Spanish pos- sessions on the Gulf of Mexico. There- fore that river was the western boun- dary of the Louisiana purchase. But Spain, secretly encouraged by Napo- leon. insisted that Mexico extended farther east than the Rio Grando. In the opinion of James Monroe, John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay, the right of the United States to all of Texas was incontrovertible, but the south, for natural and Justifiable rea- sons, was anxious to get hold of east and west Florida. which were not in- cluded in the Louisiana purchase. Hence that treaty whereby the Flori- das were ceded to the United States and the Sabine River was made the dividing line between American and Spanish possessions, On this subject the Chicago Tribune says: "During the last two year~ it has often bee~ asserted that all territory acquired by the United States becomes at once 'ah integral part' thereof, and its inhabitants become American cit- izens. There is nowhere in the con~ stitution, says Mr. Boutell. authority, direct or Implied, for the sale of 'an integral part' of the United States and the exl~atriation of American citi- zens. Therefore President Monroe and the statesmen of his day, when they bartered off Texas to Spain, did not consider tha~ territory 'an integral part' of the United States. The View they took of the matter was that 'ter- ritory ouside the limits of the States belonging to the United States could be regulated and disposed of by the federal government regardless of the limltatiCme and restrictions of the constitution.' These men, If living, would hold that the United States can lawfully sell Philippines or Alaska." The Wht~ Famine in Guam. There comes a tale of woe from dis- taut Guam. This is the remote island in the Pacific where for soma time Captain Leery of the navy was a be- nevolent despot, forcing lazy Guamlt~ to work and unmarried ones to wed. He appealed to the department for a brass band to aid in the civilizing of the inhabitants, but was unable to get it. It is not a lack of music, however, which causes unhappiness in G~am. It is a scarcity'of whisky. The laPt barrel of "commissary" has been stolen and drunk up by bad marines on duty In the Island. This sad news is given in an order issued by Commander Seaton Schroe- der, U. S. N., Governor of Guam. In it he calls the attention of the com- mand to the "hoodlumism and law- leesne~ which are rampant in It." Per- hope this language is not too strong when the da~tardly character of the crime which has been committed is taken into com~ideration. The Com- mander says excitedly: "There Is reason for alludlng to ths theft ~ ~ew weeks ago of a barrel ot Whisky from the naval hospital that wa~ the last and sole supply of the medical department for medical purpo~. An of- ricer on duty here has since th~ been "so reduced by climatic fever that a eer- ~tain amount of whisky was considerad necessary to keep him from utter pro~ tration. Fortunately, a small supply was obtained from a passing vessel. Had that accidental supply not been fortheomin~. and had that officer succumbed, his d~ath would have rested upon the heads of tha ~eundr~ls who committed the theft." Volunteer~ ~usterad Out. Promptly on the last day of June, in accordance with the emergency act of 1899. the last of the $5,000 volunteers enlisted for service in the Philippine| have been mustered out at San Fran- cisco. Thus closes one of the most creditable chapters in our military his. ~Ret~,ard of Heroism. ~y a displa$ of much courage and ingenuity Edward Mullvehfll, a bag- gagemaster, saved the lifo ~f Mine. Schumann-Helnk in New York the other day and at the same tlme ~ra- vented her from falli.ng into the hands of the police who wished to detain her as a witness to a runaway. When the danger was ovei" and she was ufe on board the steamer on which she sailed for Germany the famoua prima donna rewarded the hero by throwing her arms around his neck and giving him a kiss. The question Is at once raised whether the ordinary hero would consider himself properly ~and sufficiently rewarded for saving the life of an elderly song bird by a single kiss from her ruby lips. If the value of a prima donna's kisses is to ,be com- puted on the same financial scale as her high notes the most unmercenary: of heroes might be excused if he'pre-. ferred to take the equivalent of the kiss in cash. Such an equivalent in the case of so famous and highly paid a singer as Mine. Schumann-Heink might well amount to a sum sufficient: to allow the humble baggagemaster to. retire from business and live there- after on the interest of his money, At any rate it is to be hoped that Man- ager Grau will not prove ungrateful. He should at least send to Mr. Mull- vehil] a check for a sum equal to what Mine. Schumann-Heink would earn la a single evening. la]~ce fo a Child. The ignorance or stupidity of the constable and police Justice who brought a 13-year-old girl from Matte- son. II1.. to put her-In the county Jail in Chicago, almost passes belief. The child is too young to go to Jail for any crime, a fact which both these country officials should h a v e known. Moreover. her offense appears to have been noth- ing more than the taking of someeggs from a hen's nest found in the grass along the railroad near her home A neighbor caused the child's arrest. and there appears to have been nobody to defend her. The Justice of the peace, whose duty it is to know the law in such cases and to prevent In- justice instead of ~nfiictlng it, has dis- played a degree of ignorance that ia highly discreditable. The mittlmus by which he meant to send the child to the county Jail charges the prisoner with "larceni and tnsoliting a lade." The spelling is merely a surface indica- tion of the deeper ignorance of the duties of the position he holds. This child appears to need a little parental care and attention rather than im- prisonment. She was promptly re- leased and sent home by Judge Tuley of Chicago without trial. An American Counfex~. Though the Countess of Stratford has been little heard of since the sud- den death of her husband a year or so ago, she is still as popular and as much sought after as ever, and is expected to re-enter society as soon a~ the pe- riod of mourning for Queen Victoria is over. The Countess, as Is well known. is an American woman, whose first husband was the late millionaire Col- gate of New York. She married the Earl of Straffm'd in New York in 1898. and had there been a male heir .result- ing from the union the countess would now be entitled to occupy Wortham Castle and the house in St. James square, I~ondon. both of which were put in order with her money. The Earl was killed by a railway train, and, COUNTESS OF STRAFFORD. leavlng~no heir. the estate all went to his brother, the Rev. Francis E. C. Byng. The countess visited her mother, Mrs. Samuel Smith, at the. Laurel House, Lakewood, N. J., last summer. The Countess has one daughter by her first husband. Ho~e~ end the ~rtl#. More than fifty thousand horses in New York city are disabled hy a dis ease which the veterinary surgeons sap. is the grip. The symptoms are the same as those shown by human beings wlth that disease, including the sud- denness of the attack and the subse- quent weakness and collapse. The per. centage of deaths among the horses al- so appears to be about the same as that among people when the grip first ap- peared in its virulent form. The great- est loss to the owners of hor~ea la caused l~Y the inability of the animals to work during the week or two la whLch th~ disease runs its ~our~ ,