Newspaper Archive of
The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
July 18, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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July 18, 1901

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III I II II I I I I II WU'S PRKDECBSSORSo One G3vo Reception at Which A's'erl- can, Were Disrespectful There had been Chinese mlnis(era before--- all of them men of good abil- ity; all of them men of high standing i at home; and all of them so little in r'occur covers about two square miles.[Ituch with the affairs of the country A tew years ago the matter was [ brought before the attention of the[ British Parliament, and the result of/ Northwich, the center of the salt In- dustry of Great Britain, is one of the queerest towns in the country. The whole underlying country is simply one ma~ of salt. When descending a shaft, one paisa through successive thick strata of the mineral. The mining of the salt constitutes the staple industry of the district, aud from which l~rth- wlch alone 1,200,000 tons of salt are ahlpl)ed annually The product is ob- tained by two methods--quarrying and brine pumping. In the former ease, which is the method generally adopted, a shaft is sunk about 300 feet, and the malt rock blasted and excavated in the astral i~anner. The brine-pumlting, al- though: it is still continued upon a large scale, is gradually falling into ~e, Whe~t~h industry .was ~tarted tm Was considered that only one strat- um of salt existed, and that was only a few feet below the surface. Fresh water found its way to this ex- ~maive salt deposit, with the r~tult the salt dissolved like snow. A hugo subterranean lake of water, charged with 36 per cent of salt, was thus formed. Pumping engines were then Installed to convey this brine to the surface to large evaporating pans, in which a heavy deposit of sal~ was after the water had evaporated. The result of this extensive pumping is that Northwich rests, as it were, up- oll a shell of earth, which at times their investigations showed that dam- ] age had been inflicted upon 892 build- I ings, of which total 636 comprised[ houses and cottages, Some idea of the I extent of the excavations in this area[ may be gathered from the fact thatl as a ton of salt represents one cubic yard, and 1,200,000 tons of salt are pro- duced every year, therefore 1,200,000 cubic yards of solid material underly- ing the town is removed annually. The water from the river also gravi- tates toward these subsidences, causing huge inland lakes, which agravate the danger: One of the~e lakes, locally caIled,"flashes," covers no less than I00 acres and varies from 40 to 50 feet in depth. Notwithstanding the frequency or these subsidences and that they are of- ten unexpected, strange to say not a single life has been lost. Havoc has been wroght among cattle, however, several animals having been complete- ly engulfed. The tall shafts of the pumping stations are also another source of danger, since they are gradu- ally thown out of plumb, the list con- tinuing until the stack heels over, burying and destroying everything in its path. A few years ago a compensation to which they were accredited, that they were regarded popularly as ob- jects of curiosity--it is to be feazed, sometimes as objects of derision by the unthinking. The first of the llst, Chen Lan Pin, was accredited to ~he United States in the administration of President Hayes, and then followed, in succession, Chang Tsao Ju, Chang Yen- hoon, Tsui Kwo-yin and Yang-yu. So far as the public was concerned, one of these gentlemen was the same as another. Few, except the clerks in the State Department, could remember one of them without consulting the recard. It was known in a general way that there was a Chinese legation in Wash- ington, that there was a minister, p,e- sumably ,a heathen, that he had attend- ants patterned after himself, that their ways were not our ways, and that their god was not our God. One of the earlier in the list--which one does not matter now--thought to enter into the social life of the capital, and gave a reception. Invitations were issued, all in due form Preparations were made on a generous and hospitable scale, and when the night came the well-bred Christians of Washington poured down on the old Stewart Castle which was then occupied as the legation, and swarmed over it like an untamed horde of Boxers. Some came by invi- tation, more without. They crushed and crowded through therooms; they battered the furniture; they assaulted the supper-tables in columns and squares, seized the champagne bottles from the hands of the helpless waiters, smashed the necks of the bottles to // proven insufficient to support the "weight of the houses, with the inevit- able 'consequence that the buildings are constantly sliding and collapsing In every direction. Our illustration con- veys a very graphic idea of the magni- tude of these subsidences and their deot upon public property. As the re- Salt of a subsidence, the building shown in our ilustration fell over upon its back in the course of a single night, and it is noteworthy that the house, owing to the care observed in its con- struction, fell over intact, not a crack being produced In the walls nor even a pane of glass being broken. This is by no means " a single instance. Throughout the town the same effects are to be observed upon all sides. There is scarcely a perpendicular wall to he seen; tn numerous cases the doors and window frames of the houses are awry; the road~ are extremely uneven, and are often closed owing to the falling in of portions. Houses are being con- tinually condemned as unsafe for hu- man habitation and demolished. The depreciation of public property is enor- mous. No matter how substantially a house may be built, or how great the care observed to obviate subsidence, the building Is bound to sink sooner or tater. In one instance, a house that coat $80,000 to erect was shortly after- ,ward sold for $7,500, it had been so in- Julu~d. by subsiding. In some cases the winking is very gradual, while in oth- ers it is unexpected and instantaneous. One of the principal throughfares took forty years to sink fifteen feet, while another grew appreciably wider every day. Examination proved that one side of the street was slipping completely away. In this instance the foundations of the hounes were three feet distant from the buildings which they origin- ally Supported. The shop of a dry goods merchant sank one-fifth of its height in .ten years, and in the qubsequent seven years subsided another fifth. Several houses may be seen, the win- dows of the ground floor of which are level with the roadway. It is no un- eommon circumstance for a building to 13, constructed and have to be aban- doned shortly after its completion, The inhabitants, however, endeavor to mitigate the danger of their~ build- /age collapsing by constructing them Upon the frame principle, with massive timber beams securely bolted together. By this means if a subsidence occurs the house does not necessarily collapse, hut heels over in tote. In this instance the house ie raised to its normal posi- tion once more by means of Jacks, the cavity filled in and the building once more rests upon a firm foundation. Should another subsidence occur the process of lifting is repeated. In the case Of the subject of our illustration, however, the original house was so damaged that it had to be demolished and the ground prepared for the build- ing depleted~in our illustration. But it had not been built twelve months be- fore another subsidence occurred throwing the building into the position shown in the Fhotograph. Yawning chasms are constantly ap- pearing in the streets, and in some In- stances the cavities are so extensive as to necessitate the closing of the tho~ugh~are. The area in which those subsidences SCENE IN A DISAPPEARING VIL LAGE. board was founded. This corporation levies a tax.~ six cents upon every ton of brine that is pumped to the surface, the revenue derived from this source being devoted to compensating those unfortunates whose property has been damaged by subsidence. Welsht ]L~t by Fuotlng. During a prolonged fast the loss of weight is unusually rapid at first, and decreases as the time goes on; death ensues when a certain perceqtage of the loss has been reached, anti this percentage varies according to the or- iginal weight, Fat animals may lose half their weight, thinner ones per' haps two-fifths; a'man or woman of ra~her spare build, weighing 143 pounds, might, therefore, lose about 55 pounds before succumbing, Chil- dren die after a fast of from three to five days, during which they have lost' a quarter of their weight. Healthy adults, however, have fasted 50 days when water has been taken. A Ger- man physician reports the case eta woman, aged 47 years, who fasted for 48 days, taking water freely. She. lost 44 pounds out of 143 pounds, and died from exhaustion. Modern Art Not Appreciated, Unless some very marked change comes soon in the position of affair~ artiste will have cause to remember the present season as one of the worst on record, says a London newspaper. Not for many years have the sales at the art gallerles been so disappointing. A daub by a man who has been dead long enough will fetch hundred~ or even thousands, while a better piece of work by a living artist will not find a bidder. A GOOd Cricketer. Dr. W. G. Grace was once giving a brilliant batting display of the Oval, and one of the spectators observed to his friend. "Did you ever see anything like it? Why, he puts 'era wherever he likes." "Well," sald the'other, "it's all practice--he's always at It--he doesn't waste any of his time over family ~arayers."--C. W. Alcock's "Cricket Stories." 'l~e Florodora Belt, A pretty new idea is the "Florodora" belt, named for the famous New York play. It is made of broad black satin ribbons, studded with gold, has gold clasps, and two gold embroidered ends which fall some four or five inches to the skirt. All the belts are made to give the effect of the downward dip in front, which is so fashionable this year. An Ancient Vase~ During excavations near Lampsaki. on the D:~rdanelles, a beautiful vase was rotund. It is made of burnt clay, cncrusted on the exterior with g~)ld. It has three golden handles and splen- did reliefs representing hunting scenes. The date of the vase, which contained human ashes, bones and pearls, is esti- mated at about B. C. 400. The handorgan man has an airy way, although his life is one contin- ual grind.. M6W VieWS ! A /d:c~id:dl/f/::r/ti~J:g~l~:~ion is developing in Oklahoma, where the United States federal government has been planning to throw open for se~- t!ement the lands of the Klowa, Com- anche and Apache Indians on Aug. 9, says an editorial writer in the Chicago News. As has happened heretofore when Indian la~ds were opened for settlement, the "boomers" in large numbers have lined up along the bor- der of the territory. Some of them, in their anxiety lest they be unfortunate in the distribution, have crossed the flue, in spite of all restrictions, stak- ing out c~.aims which seem desirable and preparing to seize and hold them by force. To obviate this, the federal officials have arranged a novel plan of drawing lots; the man drawing the first number receiving the right to take bls pick, the one drawing the next number securing second choice and SO on. As there are only 13, 473 homestead claims, it was certain that many of the boomers must be disappointed and the prospects for ,a~ open clash were bright. Now, b'owever, a new and wholly unexpected complication ap- pears in the shape of a protest from poor Lo himself. The humble red man, in the person of one Lone Wolf, through his attorneys, propose to plead in the courts that under the constitu- tion "no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law," and that therefore the I taking of the Indian's land is uncon- ! stitutional. Whether or not I~ is a "person" is for the courts to discover get at the wine more quickly, and el- Certainly he has not always been treat- together showed as little consideration ed as such, but his present attitude of for their host as if he had been a freak i resistance indicates that he may have In a museum. They did not mean to : been undergoing a process of evolution be rude, and many of them were heart- which is turning him into one. ily ashamed of themselves afterward; ~~ but for years it never occurred to most ~Dea#~ of John Fi~l(e. people that the minister from China A popular vote undoubtedly would should be treated with as distin- have given John Fiske the foremost gulshed consideration as the represent- ly executed. His sudden death now atlve of any other power."--L. A. Cool- idge in Ainslee's. /~!"// - ~ .:, JAPAN~ITY. " Natiwel Of Jaimn ~egulurly Stare nt American bldqnts. ~ The foreigner traveling in Japan Is soon made aware of the quality of curt~sity. On every railroad platform he is surrounded by a crowd of people who, with their mouths as wide open as their eyes in their effort to lose nol detail of interest, regard him slowly from:head to foot:.and comment upon 1 him among tbemselves the while. These people may have seen hundreds of foreigners--they may see them every day--but they continue to act as if they had never seen one before. I ~~~,f visited some Americans in Tokyo who had lived In the same house with the same Japanese neighbors for about a year Yet each titne that we went out to drive the people in the little Jap- anese house near by would rush to their windows and stand watching as eagerly as a small Yankee at the cit'- cus. This happened every day. It 1~ always possible to tell whether a for- eigner happens to be in his garden, for a goodsized crowd of Japanese gatL,- ered about the gate announces the im- portant fact I gave several talks and lectures to school children and youn~ men and women in Japau. They were interpreted, I, of course, speaking in Englisb, so that half of zhe addres.~ was understood by only a few. Yet I have never seen audiences more abso- lutely attentive. Not a word was lost and the same concentration was shown while I was speaking as when the in- terpreter was turning it into Japan- ese. Little school children--boys and girls--sat drinking everything in, with their eyes popping out of their heads until I ha