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Newspaper Archive of
The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
Lyft
July 25, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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July 25, 1901
 

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II I i I t FILTRATION EXPERIME NT STATION AT LA~rRENCE ON T HE MERRIMAC RIVER. .Where the Massachusetts State Board of Health Carried On the ]~irst investigations Looking to the Purification of Water by Sand Flltra tion. Showing the Filtration Tanks a nd Working Laboratories. . (Boston Correspondence.) source of disease. The gravity of the the law--it may be that he will buy I:i The water supply of cities and towns, problem in the case of large cities has his pardon. His lawful wife does not !: Whether drawn from a river or lake, resulted in the expenditure of enor- thirst for revenge if she can get a little ~ sad whether or not supplemented by mous sums for the maintenance of a money out of him. She is willing to ! Lrtesian wells, has become within fif- wholesome water supply either by di- drop the case if the courts will give iteen years a universal problem of the rect purification or by the disposal her an absolute divorce and her hus- ~' greatest importance. Before that time of sewage so ~s to prevent contamina- band will give her $500. The lmsband ~luntetpal governments were con- tlon of the source. The case of Chi- |~:~erned |' meier ~d ;their mainly about securing a suf- acient quantity of drinkable water, cities that were able to draw supply from rivers and running :~: Streams were considered particularly |fortunate, until in Massachusetts an alarm was raised by disastrous epi- idemtcs of typhoid fever which fol- |_lowed the course of the Merrimae River The disease was carried by the i: miwage with which the river was con- :| Laminated from town to town, wher- ! ever the stream was used as a water ! Supply, down to the city of Lawrence, | which suffered worst of all. In 1887 an J experiment station, the first of its kind :|" In the world for the purification of ~wage and water by filtration |i through sand, was established in Law- rence by the Massachusetts State of Health, and the L~wrence !i filtration beds became an object les- J: ~on for the instruction not only of the l: Brats, but of the world at large. ~r Good and ~ad ~icrobe~r, The co-operation of the State and I the Massachusetts Institute.of Technol- in the early years of the conduct these experiments at Lawrence at ~ Once assured the success of the lures- [ Hgations. Professor William T. Sedg- iWick of the institute, as bacteriologist ~Of the State Board of Health, f~: eight I~: Years directing the bacteriolog ~al ex- ~| 1)erlments on which the work of purl- J'::)~catlon depended For, after all it is :~: held to-day at the Institute of Teehe !} Ilology, as everywhere else, t at th ~1:: Purification of water and sewage---un- ".~ Darified water being considered by the J ~bacteriologist merely as very dilute J :~Sewage~is almost solely a niatter of | controlling the microbes, the "good" '~| ~licrobes and the "bad" ones so that the pathogenic or disease-breeding germs shall be prevented from reach- |:lng the human system while the ~. good ' ones are encouraged to do their natural work of purification. | : The dramatic story of the microbe frequently been told since Pasteur :['eStablished the germ theory of fer- I- Znentatlon, but tKere is something | ~nique in the accomplishment of such | ~hacteriologistS as Professor Sedgwlck, | by which milllons of micro-organisms |are herded together intelligently, with the character of their work and their I hours of labor and rest definitely es- To J~a](e ~i~er Water Safe. From experiments in Lawrence 'and the ~biological laboratories of the Institute of Technology it has been :~emonstra~t'ed that any river water ~tlrified by means of a five-foot finer ::is safe and wholesome, and, further, that effluent water from proper filtra- tion of sewage would not be dangerous or domestic use. The records also ;have shown that since Lawrence en- eOUraged by the example of the State experiment station, has installed a mu- : '~icipal filter, ,though it is still using the water of the Merrimac River, al- Ways more or less, contaminated by the :drainage of Lowell--the very circum- stance:: , that is, which caused the great epidemic of a few years ago--typhoid : has practically been eradicated in that ;City, although of course, it might still be introduced by other means--bad :oYSters as well as bad water being an ::easy vehicle for the disease. : The lesson which Lawrence has : illustrated so graphtcqlly not only has WOrked a revolution in the methods of Water supply in, Massachusetts cities and towns but is having its effect all the world A notable instance is city of Alba~, which by a system !~ af filtration has been enabled to ob- ' ~In a supply of pure water from the HUdson River, previously a constant cage is well known, where $80,000,000 has been spent on a drainage canal, which, by carrying the sewage into the Mississippi River, has revolutionized the city's water supply. In St. Louis, where the question of an adequate water supply is being considered par- ticularly with reference to the great Louisiana Purchase Exhibition, the river bears the drainage of Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and scores of other cities, and yet Professor Sedg- wick states without hesitation that by means of filtration St. Louis can ob- tain its water supply from the Missis- sippi with absolute safety. is willing, The Judge who has the matter in hand is willing also, pro- vided Mr. Koch will consent to be law- fully married to his secondwtfe. Mr. Koch says he is ready to do it. Perhaps strict Justice calls for the removal of this man to Joliet, where he can meditate for a year or two on his crime and resolve to reform. But strict justice m not always real Justice. Mr. Koch is as thoroughly convinced now as he ever willbe that bigamy d()es not pay. The porposed compro- mise, if carried out, will be for the greatest good of the greatest number. The first wife will get $500. If Koch goes to prison she will get nothing. Jame,r J. Van Alert }au h er \ SARA VAN ALEN, WHO MAY SOON BECOME MRS. ROBERT COLLIER. Cupid is said to have caused a slight disagreement in the family of James J. Van Alen, who has- been "com- manded" by King Edward VII. to at- tend at court for the purpose of being invested with the'insignia of a Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John. By her friends~ it is said that Miss Sara Van Alen sailed for the United States with the intention of marrying Robert Collier immediately on her ar- rival. Mr. Van Alen is said to op- pose the match. Unfortunately Mr. Van Alen's commands in the matter will carry little weight, as his chil- dren are independent of him in for- tune. In fact it is stated that when his three children are all married he will be far from as well off as he is now well-to-do. Miss Sara Van Alen is a pretty, attractive and clever girl, while Mr. Collier is a very quiet, in- tellectual and pleasant young gentle- man. He is an adept at polo and is. the editor of Collter's Weekly. It is said Mr. Van Alen will oppose the match and for this reason has de- layed his departure for England. A Wi~re Compromise. Anthony Koch was so imprudent as to marry a second wife before death or divorce had parted him and the first one. The latter resented this. She came tO Chicago and had her bigamous spouse indicted. The case against him is so clear that if it is pressed he will go to the penitentiary, where, according to the theory of the law, all bigamists should go. But, aithougn he is not a rich man-- and it is alleged often that such men alone can slip through the meshem of The second wife, who is in an unpleas- ant predicament, will have Somebody to take care of her after a f~shion. The husband, provide.d he can be content- ed with one wife and will provide for her, will be a more useful member of societ} than.he would be if set to work at Joliet. The recent Italian census records the fact that there are 392 persons in Italy over a hundred years old; among them are sixteen monks and ntli~8~ The Trades of tho BlrdJ. Heigh-ho' there you are, little red hen, In under the sweet apple tree; If you wanted to hide with your eggs, why then, Pray why did you cackle to ms? And what are you doing out there in the shade While each of the birds is at work at a trade? Sir Swallow, the mason, is plastering well The house that is under the eaves, And up in the maple that stands in the dell A basket the Oriole weaves, And Woodpecker, jolly old carpenter he, Has hammered his home in the trunk of a tree. King Fisher, the fishqrman out on the rocks, Is snaring the minnows, 'tie said; ~nd Bluebird, the housewife, is clean- ing her box And putting fresh down in her bed; A queer little architect carrying sticks Is Chimney Swift, gluing his house to the bricks. Brown Creeper, who rented the Red Squirrel's hole~ Is making repairs of he~ own, And the little Sand Martin just over the knoll Has spaded her cellar alone; The feather-dressed orchestra carols a chime, And Partridge, tl-e drummer, is beat- ing the time. Then heigh-ho! hide away, little red hen, In under the sweet=apple tree; There are eggs in your nest and I counted ten; Did you think you could keep it from me? I see you were busy out here in the shade, While each of the birds was at work at a trade. --Florence Josephine Boyce. At Ellis Islan~d~ Among the immigrants awaiting ex- amination at Ellis Island recently was a tall young fellow with a little black bag under his arm. He was a Pole, about twenty years old, and his ad- mission was a pleasing and dramatic incident, witnessed by Mr. Arthur Itenry, and described in Scrlbner's Magazine. When the young man's turn came to answer the inevitable question, "How lnuch money have you?" he smiled and answered frankly, "None." "But don't you know you can't come in here if you have no money and no friend to speak for you? Where are you going?" "To Fall River first. I have a friend there. Then I shall see the whole coun- try. ~ shall make money. You will hear of me." '"How will you get to Fall River? Where will you eat and sleep to- night ?" "I shall be all right," replied the young fellow, confidently. "With this" --tapping the black bag--"I can go anywhere." "What is it?" The Pole laughed, and, opening the bag, took out a cornet. It was a fine instrument, and gave evidence of lov- ing care. "Can you p~.ay it well?" asked the officer, more kindly. In answer, the young Pole stepped out into an open space, and lifting the horn to his lips, began the beautiful intermezzo from "Cavallerla Rusti- cana." At the first note every one in the great building stood still and lis- tened, The long lines of immigrants became motionless. The forlorn walt- em in the pit looked up, and their faces became tender. Even the mean- est among them seemed :to feel the charm of the pleading notes. When the music ceased there was ~ burst of applause. Shouts of "Bravo! .... Good boy! .... Give us some more!" came from every side. The physicians that had a few moments before made their hurried examination Joined in the ap- plause. The officer that had questioned him so sharply slapped him on the back. The commissioner himself had come up from his office at the sound pf the horn, and asked for the par- ticulars. When he had heard them he turned to the agent of the Fall River. boats and said, "Give this fellow a passage, including meals, and charge it to me." "I will charge it to myself," said the agent, and he took the young Pole by the arm and led him away. The incident was a sermon on compe- tence; a lesson on what it means to be a master. The trade may be music or farmlhg or bricklaylng~it does not matter. The man who has conquered it, who knows it root and branch, can point to it as confidently as the young Pole pointed to his cornet, and say, as he did, "With this I can go any- where."--Philadelphla Times. Tl~v Beqt Tops, There are three kinds of tops this year--the wooden top, at a penny; the rubber peg top, at two, or three, or five cents, and the boxwood top, at 10 and 15 cents. The boxwood top is the most desirable. "A top having a large wooden peg in the top of it is not a good top to spin," said the boy around the cor- ner. "'If. you want it to spin properly it is necessary4o ~cut the peg right off with your jack-knife, The peg makes it top heavy, and it is as likely to spin on the peg as on the point." Here the boy gave-an illustration cf the be- havior of a top with a big wooden peg on it, a~d sure an~u~, away R went whizzing on its head in a man~er that soon made it fsal dlHy, and so tumble over on its side, where it laY very still, as though quite exhausted. "There Ls a great trick in having the" string exactly the right length," con- tmued the boy. "You have to gauge the length of the string by placing your toe on one end of it, and then reaching up as high as you can. The highest you can reach with the string in your hand is the longest you can have the string. If you have the string longer, when you throw the top, after winding it, the string will not unwind, and so. of course, the top can't spin even if you throw it properly. Then, if the string is too short, it urn- winds too soon; and then also the top cannot spin. Yes, girls can spin top~ after a fashion," admitted the boy with a half-concealed cot, tempt for feminine limitations. "That is, if a girl has a brother she may in time spin a top. My sister sometimes spins my ~op, but she is never sure when she winds and throws it that it will spin. A boy always knows that if the top doesn't spin properly, it is the fault of the top, and not his own fault." It was only after an expert cross- examination that the boy was induced to confess that the first time he ever succeeded in making a top spin he was surprised. He had tried all one day, and~although he had repeatedly failed, still he persevered. He knew that it" was a mere question of time, that soon- er or later that top would have to give in, and do what was expected of it. But it was a very stubborn top. Every time he threw it all it did was to go wabbling off on its side and try to hide somewhere. Finally, after an endless amount of attempts, it at last behaved handsomely, and rewarded his perseverance by humming a jolly little tune, and at last it sang so softly that it seemed to be asleep. That night he dreamed of tops, and the next morning he was up bright and early at his new accomplishment. He has nev- er had any trouble with that top, or with any other since that time. By the end of the next day he was able to take it up in his hand while it was spinning without any manifest objec- tions on the part of the top. "Then there is the game of 'peg top,'" said the boy, "and it is very popular this year. Every boy places a top in a rfng marked on the ground. Then they take turns 'pegging' at the bunch of tops. Whenever you hit a top and knock it out of the ring, then the top Is yours. Sometimes, when you hit a top hard, it splits it right in two. You are always glad to do this, even though it ruins the top for your own use. That is the advantage of hav- ing a rubber peg top; if the point of a top strikes it, instead of splitting it only bounds."--New York Tribune. Ths California t~Voodpecker. The California woodpecker does not differ much in appearance from wood-' peckers found in other parts of the United States. Like them all, it feeds on beetles and worms; but Judging from the quantity of acorns it con- su~es it likes them better than any other food. It believes in "laying up" for the proverbial "rainy day." and as soon as the acorns begin to ripen it begins to gather and store them away for winter use. However, before it gath- ers the acorns, it provides storage- places for them by digging holes in the soft bark of trees. Each hole is made Just large enough to hold one acorn, but it seems to know that acorns vary in size, and accordingly it varies the size of the holes. When it finds a fat, ripe acorn it takes it at once to a tree in which it has dug holes, selects a h.ole of the proper size, inserts the acorn, point first, and with a few steady, well-aimed blows, drives it in to stay until some future lunch-time. Thus it provides an am- ple supply. Frequently, during the winter the acorns thus stored in the trees become so dry that they shrivel up somewhat, and get loose in their holes. But the woodpecker keeps an eye on them, and when it discovers a loose one, pulls it out, digs a new hole and again stores it away. When in need of food, it draws one oht and hulls and eats it: This bird works hard for what it gets, and has no no- tion of allowing squirrels or other animals to feast at its expense. Should a squirrel start to climb a tree in which acorns are stored the bird is sure to see it and sound a warning note. In a twinkling scores of wood- peckers come flying at the squirrel. and they worry it until it is glad to 'run away.--Exchange. Funetuatlon Important, Properly punctuated the following nonsense becomes sensible rhyme, and it is doubtless as true as It is curious, though, as it stands, it is very cu- rious if true: I saw a pigeon making bread I saw a girl composed of thread I saw a towel one mile square I saw a meadow in the air I saw a~rocket walk a mile I saw a pony make a file I saw a blacksmith in a box I saw an orange kill an ox I saw a butcher made of steel I saw a penknife dance a reel I saw a sailor twelve feet high I saw a ladder in a pie saw an apple fly away I saw a sparrow making hay I saw a farme~ like a dog I saw a puppy mixing grog I saw three men who saw these, ton And will confirm what I tell you. ~Exchange. Great Britain supplies many "Brus- sels" carpets and small foot rugs to Turkey. A drowning man will catch at a straw--and so will a man who D thirsty, flO J~orda~ A~aii4 T'ru~. Dr. Max Nordau, who ha~ lately turned his attention to the consoll~la- tton of large companies of cap,.S~t: lists, is one of the most' skillful and learned physicians of Europe. His vOry wide- spread fame is due, however, not to his scientific ability, but rather to his bril- liance as an author. In 1883 he shocked and delighted two continents with his rarely analytical book, "Conventional Lies of Society." In 1886 he published his "Paradoxes," and in 1893 the work by which he is best known, "Degenera- tion." In this remarkably original beck Dr. Nordau atetmpts to show on purely psycho-physiological grounds that all modern tendencies are toward degeneration. He fortifies his position by examinations into art, literature and life, and claims that degeneracy Is seen in all mental and moral phe- nomena. Dr. Nordau is descended from a well-known' Jewish family of Buda- MAX NORDAU. pest. He began writing to the newspa- pers on many topics even while he was a lad at school. He is 52 years old. A ~Dream of Copper. The dream that is sa~d to have re- vealed to a young chemist in Pennsyl- vania the secret of tempering copper canrmt be accounted among the idle fancies of the brain should his experi- ments prove as successful as they promise. It is a practical vision that supplies a formula to experiment upon that may result in restoring what has for centuries been considered a lost art. The psychological part of the Penn- sylvania incident does not show, how- ever, that the dreamer was blessed with an outright revelation. He had long been experimenting with copper in an effort to obtain the required hardness that would make it cut steel, and, like a shrewd American, he had in view the large reward said to have been offered by the government for the discovery of such a formula. This task naturally affected his sleeping as well as his waking hours, and it was subconscious suggestion that at last gave him a clew to what he sought. A sample of tempered copper, sent to Washington, is claimed to have with- stood every test. A 1.50 ~i]e an Hoar. A society of mechanical engineers representing the principal European machine sho~s, has recently been or- ganized abroad for the purpose of de- veloping railroad engines of phenome- nal speed. The accompanying illths- tratiou shows a railroad electric motor lately built by Siemans and Halske, in connection with the organization, which, by order of Emperor William, was te~ted preliminarily a short time ince on the military railroad at Ber- NEW ~'SPEEDY ELEC~PRIC ENGINE, lin-Zossen, when, according to reports, it gave an exhibition that promised remarkable results. ~Pine JVeedlez. It having been announced some time since that oil of pine was beneficial In relieving pulmonary complaints it seems that since then quite an indue- try has sprung up in Oregon in its " manufacture. The oil is made from pine needles, which are stripped from the trees twice a year. Some of the trees, It Is said, yield from 600 to 800 pounds of leaves at each picking, a good hand being able to pick about 500 pounds a day. As soon as picked the leaves are sent to the factory, where the oil is extracted by distilla- tion, ten pounds of oil being produc- ed from two thousand pounds of leaves. The fibre that remalhs is wo- ven into fabrics and mixed with hair for mattresses, It is also used as a filling for cigars, to which it imparts' a pleasant quality. A notable fact connected with the process is that it is considered a benefit to the trees to strip them twice a year. Those engag, ,ed in the industry are mostly Gor- ,manx.