Newspaper Archive of
The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
August 1, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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August 1, 1901

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.~ ii i i I ii ii iii m,,i i i,ii iii iii ii ~|ta|||neml|ea|aea|||l|a||~u||ngn|||||||||ma|gm|e|| :i v ..... 3 op : il ! eat Flo~ee S~e. ! ~animiiNi~aHinBNiNmQ~iDiBm ~mgi~ii mMilin RBBiiRDIAm~ (Topeka Letter.) Although extreme hot weather has resulted in great loss for the Kansas farmer In his corn crop, yet it will prove such a benefit to the wheat crop that the gain on the latter will un- doubtedly greatly eclipse the lomJ on the former. The weather has been all that could hoped for in brlnginz about a good wheat crop. Wet weather, accompan- ied by a light wind, which was pre- valent there last spring, caused the ,wheat grains to swell and grow plump. This year Kansas will lead out with 100,000,000 bushels of spring and win- ter wheat, a reCord even for.~that'atate. This crop is sold at the average of 60 cents a bushel, would give to every man, woman, and child in the United ~3tates $1. If placed in box cars on a ~ngle track it would reach from Wich- ita to Chicago and back again. Commencing the latter part of May and extending far into July tbe great wheat belt of Kansas is the scene of thrilling excitement. Just now the trains going into Kansas are loaded to the guards witn men called harvest hands, although a great many of them meyer saw a 10-acre wheat field. These" ,men are from all parts of the country and from every walk of life. The pro- f~idnal' tramp is out for his s~fmmer outing and the city man comes for a turn at the binder just for exercise. Glr/~ ms ]~U*vGmt Hands. If the harvest hands play, out, then the girls of Kansas are called on to do the work, as a great many of them were last year, and they did it with credit to themselves. Fifteen thousand harvest hands have been imported this season, but it is not likely that will prove enough. These extra men are employed only during harvest time, and part of them during the thresh- ing season which follows. This re- quires from 90 to 100 days. After this work is finished there is practically no work for-these' extra men and teams until the next year. The men are paid from $1.50 to $2 per day. Extra men and teams are paid from $3 to $3.50 per day. In each county a chairman of every cchool district is appointed. He calls the farmers together about three weeks before harvest. They then know how many men they need, and their reports are sent to the central bureau, general- ly located at Kansas City. The men are granted railroad fare at half rates, and they are instructed Just where to go by the'agency at Kan~a~ City, where a good portion of them head for. One lrarmer's 8ehomc~, The Kansas wheat belt celaters around Wichita and within a radius of 100 miles from that place sixty per cent of the Kansas wheat is harvested, while fn 17 counties one-half of the state croP grows. A farms1, in BaPton counWqast year adopted and carried into successful operation a plan by which all outside help was done away with. He planted his wheat commencing in September, a certain number of acres each month until March, Then when the September wheat grew ripe in May he was able to attend to it alone. As the other patches ripened he attended to them also. So he keeps up a continual har- vesting and planting. Out of a 500-acre field, with the help of two grown sons, he managed to clear $7.000 last year. Other farmers are adopting his cheme. There are a great many complaints of the manner in which the harvest hands fail to do the work. They are not used to the hot sun of a harvest feld and the hard work soon brings many of them to the ground with sun- stroke. Fully one-third of the hands who came last summer had to quit be- fore the harvest was well begun. Con- sequently the farmers have made a bigger demaud this year so they can have their pick of the hardiest of the lot. It is said that Kansas pays out $600,000 every year for imported la- bor. Hard B-ds. A German doctor advises the adop- tion of a hard bed, and that children should ,be trained from the beginning to sleep upon no other kind. It Is cer- tainly true that, as a rule, the hard bed conduces to the most refreshing kind of sleep, the feather bed, so dearly beloved by our grandmothers, being enervating in the extreme, and en- couraging weakness of mind in the matter of getting up in the morning. o .~'o *de~4sew~4o WOMEN W0RKIN IN THE WltEAT FIELDS. : THE BEARD OF OLD. to be traversed before he again comes q~he ~man Didn't ]Keep HL~ Face Clean Until Over Forty Years Old. In Cicero's time and after (possibly also before) many men wore beards, and only men over 40 were clean shav- en. Spartianus speaks of Hardian as wearing a full beard tocover scars upon his face. Die Cassius also speaks of him as the "first" to wear a beard. He is not the first emperor whose bust shows him to have allowed the hair ulmn his face to grow, but he is the Jlr~t o~e represented as wea:tng a full board. Evidently, therefore, Hadrian did not introduce beards, but only the custom of wearing them long and full. On Trajan's column there is a repro- an altar; many of the men appear in the ~cene as bearded, but by no means all of them. Again, we find a scene wherein the seated emperor is sur- rounded by attendants, some of whom are bearded. In still another group Trajan is standing with a roll in his hand, addressing his men, and again w~ see both bearded and bearless men among those who stand before him. On the rectangualr reliefs of the arch of Con- stantine we find that the men accom- panying Trajan are bearded, even when he and they are clad in the toga. within sight of its long terrace. Here a magnificent view awaits him. Far away the entire city lies spread out be~ore him. On the other side the noble Danube can be seen like a silver band for many miles, while the ranges of heights can be traced to the Carpa- thian spurs and the Styrian Alps. So carefully marked are the roads through the forests that with a small pocket map one may trust oneself alone in the densest woods. Gen. Corhin'~ Costly J'otmtoen. The first Irish potatoes grown in New Mexico were raised by Adj. Gen. Henry C. Corbin, major general United States army. That was twenty years ago. Corbin was then a major serving on the frontier posts hundreds of miles from civilization. Part of his work-- and no small part of it--was to get suitable prey!siena for his men. Fresh vegetables in New Mexico were almost impossible to be had, and were corre- spondingly craved by the soldiers. Having been brought up on a farm, Major Corbln took an interest in the problem of growing things for tbe use of the post, and ~particularly in the possibilities of irrigation. One day it occurred to him that by tapping a ,*~pring in the hillside and digging a TREASURERS OF OLD. BEING UNEARTHED IN THE FAR EAST. Old Mo~le Floor RecentLy DV.~ Up In Jero~tiem ~ Peeollar Drawing that Taft of Bl~tor;csl grants Ag~ &go. ~hon ('hrlath~uity q~ Young, (Jerusalem Letter.) Former discoveries of fragments of meale p~vements in Jerusalem, Pales.- tins, and its neighborhood have been eclipsed by a recent find which is most elaborate and exquisite in design and execution, and which ls also In a state of almost perfect preservation, the col- ors of the mosaics in their artistic combinations being as bright and effec- tive as the day the work was finished. A few weeks since the owner of a little property in a small Jewish col- ony Just outside the Damascus gate, in digging a~dtteh in his yard, came upon some mosaic work at about four feet below the surface which, when uncov- ered as far as permitted by the streets bounding the excavation on two sides and the wall of a house on the third, disclosed the ancient mosaic pavement which the illustration shows. Further excavations await the order of the Turkish government, whose officials have taken the site in hand, and which may sow the pavement to extend some- what further in length on one side. The patter would indicate that the complete width at one end has been uncovered. This mosaic floor is about 220 paces west-northwest of the Da- mascus gate. The part, already un- covered is about 18 feet in length by 11 in breadth. The upper and larger part of the pavement is composed of an exquisite design, including a central panel surrounded by an elaborate frame. The panel has its chief figure, a representation of Orpheus, in a sit- ting posture, and playing upon an ll- stringed harp. Grouped within the panel are animals and birds', including a serpent and a salamander, which lat- ter two are in an attitude of conflict. In the lower right-hand corner is the horned and goat-footed figure of the God Pan, with his pan pipes under his left arm and his right hand out- stret6hed, and beneath it a hare. In the other lower corner is a centaur, with his hand over his mouth. The posture of these animals' and figures suggests that they are entranced with the music of the harp of Orpheus. Green branches on .the white back~ ground, interspersed here and there, given an added brightness and beauty to this central design. In the elaborate work of the wide frame surrounding TtIE MOSAIC FLOOR. this panel are wrought medallions in leaf-enclosed wreaths, 14 in all, con- taining representations of fruits, ani- mals, and birds, with symbolic human .heads in the four corners, each looking towards the center, where Orpheus sits. Beneath this main part of the floor, but wrought in with it so as to form an harmonious whole, are two rows of designs, there being three in each row. The first row is composed, of three panels, the central one containing two female figures in Byzantine dress, with a column standing betweeu them, and a G.reek name written alongside of each in poor orthography and style of character. The lettering suggests the reverse side of the Byzantine coins. On either side of this central panel is an- other, containing each a stone which protrudes above the surface and sug- tombs beneath. The lower row IGNORANCE NO EXCUSI~, 'l"hL~ ~ou~f 91an Properly Buncoed by n Greek ~u~tomer. If in the course of your wanderings, gentle reader, you should ever find yourself in the Grecian village of Mar- copoulo, ~5 miles out of Athens, don't as you value your cellbacy~if you are possessed of that pleasing attribute-- pick up any handkerch]efs which you may see lying on the ground. A suit of breach of promise, which is now be- ing tried in the Grecian capital, should be a warning to all bachelors who in- tend visiting Hellas without a chaper~ on. The plaintiff in this suit is a re- markably good-looking young woman, who demands that a young man, a to- tal stranger to her until recently, and who never asked her hand in marriage in his Hie, should become her husband or pay her heavy damages. In the vil- lage of Marcopoulo there is a curious custom which has the force of law. On .certain hoiidays the villagers assemble on the village green, and on these oc- casions any unmarried woman who thinks it is about time she took to herself a husband drops her handker- chief has all the binding force of an engagement. Now, the fair plalntiff in this suit made up her mind a while ago that' the boys In Marcopoulo were rather "backward about coming for- ward," and her chances of matrimony weregraduallyslippingaway in.spite of her good looks. So she went to the vil- lage green on the next holiday and dropped her handkerchief. There hap- pened to be a strange youth in the vil- lage that day who was not familiar withthe local customs. Thevillage boys fought shy of the handkerchief, but the unsuspecting stranger picked it up. Then the villagers set up a great shout and brought to him a blushing beauty, whom he had never seen before, an- nouncing to him that she was his fu- ture wife. Naturally he was astonished, and could only murmur: "This is so sudden." Partially recovering his com- posure, he inquired if he might ask just why the young lady was to be his future wife. He said he was over young to marry yet, and, in fact, declined With thanks. But the villagers ex- plained their ancient custom to him and the young lady declared that he would marry her or she would know the reason why. The young man swore by Pallas Athena that he would "see her further" first, and made his c~cape from the village. But the glrl was bent on marrying, and the personal inclina- tions of the man in the case could not be considered. So she brought suit for breach of promise and it is thought she will win her case, and the young man be forced to either marry her or "pay through the nose."--New York Press. WONDERFUL COW-HORSE. '~ew Jersey Again in Line Virith ~ome thl,g Abnormal. Veterinarians are interested deeply in a freak cow-horse, which is in the possession of Mr. William S. Hugo of EY-zabethl)ort, N. J. At first' glance the animal looks like a mare of nat- ural size, but on approaching her hind quarters the formation of a cow is dis- covered in ~he hip bones, which are level with the backbone. She measures 23 inches from one hip bone to the other. The mare has natural shoulders and head, but when traveling has the peculiar stride of the cow. The animal has attracted much at- tention, and several circus men have endeavored to buy her. The mare can get over the ground in lively fashion, while not appearing to be going fast. Iu the st~ll the animal chews her cud, as does a cow or Dull, and if watched closely many of the attributes of the bovine can be observed. When swish- ing flies her motion is the same as that eta cow. She can gallop, but in a clum~y fashion only. V~hv l'~o!W Wear ]~arri~g*. The custom of boys wearing earrings in China is thus popularly explained by the Chinese: The boy is the greatest blessing that heaven can send. The spirits like boy babies. It is natural that they should, everybody likes them. Very often, if the boy babies are not ~atched closely, the spirits who are constantly around grab up the un- watched boy babe and carry him off to their home. Girl babies are not such blessings and the spirits care nothing for them. The earring is a feminen ornament, and the spirits know that; so the Chinese mothers have the ears of their boy babes pierced aml put in huge earrings. When the sprites are around looking for boys they will see the earrings and be fooled into think- ing the boys' are girls and will pass on and not trouble them. ~1111 i in inii _ l II ml urren epics "Re, ol.oe.r Firxt Cbr/#tian Charch. The sea has sometimes swallowed up a churc~h that has been built too near the edge of the ocean, but it is di~lcult to understand how a whole edifice could sink into the earth, to be rediscovered beneath the foundations ot its successor. Such. however, has been the case with the church of Santa Maria Antigua at Rome, built in the fourth century and now uncovered by the demolition of the newer church, Santa Maria Libcratrice. The en- trance to this strange old church is built on to a vestibule of Caligulas Palace, and was once decorated with pictures, which, of course, have been ruined by the accumulation of earth and debris. Some, however, are fairly well preserved and give the history of Joseph and his adventures with Phar- Veteran Con~ul'~ ~ecord.: Horatio J. Sprague, United Stat mansul at Gibraltar, died recent ~tt that place, aged 77. He was t oldest of the American representatW abroad and had been consul at Gibr~ tar for fifty-thre years. He was vex popular among the residents. \ Mr. Sprague was the dean of t| American consular service and his rs grd at Gibraltar was altogether uniq! BURIED FIFTEEN CENTURIES. aoh and Potiphar's wife. Another se- ries of pictures represent the history of our Saviour. This church must un- doubtedly be the first Christian church ever built t~-~ Rome, and was especially erected to abolish the cult of Vesta HORATIO J. SPRAGUE. and most eminently gratifying to department at Washington. The aged consul was born at Gibraltar, Aug. If 1823. His father was a Bostonian, who settled in the great fortress town soon after the war of 1812 and became a permanent resident. In 1845 young Sprague was made consul and re- mained in that office for fifty-three ~ear~. He served under fourteen pres- idents and personally entertained three of them who visited Gibraltar after leaving the White House. These were Fillmore, Pierce and ~rant. The consul was a warm friend, of Admiral Dewey and when the hero of Manila stopped at the Rock on his way hom~ Mr. Spsague took charge of him for a time and hospitably entertained the famous sailor. During the war of the rebellion Mr. Sprague was in a most and Juturna. "The wonderful poiut delicate position, but he carried it off about it all is." says an~talian savant, "that this Christianizing transforma- tion actually took place in the I;a!uce of the Caesars.'" ~t~e ~rouble in Virginia, Virginia has a state constitutional convention in session. It was called primarily to regulate the suffrage questlou, but the question of sectarian- ism became involved and its settle- ment required much effort. The present constitution of Virginia re,:,~,nizes religion by describing it as the duty which we owe to our Cre- ator." The manner of discharging thlz duty, it says, should be "directed only by reason aad conviction, not by force and violence." Therefore, all men are entitled to a,free exercise of religion according to the dictates of conscience. Then comes this para- graph: "And that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christmn forbearance, love and charity toward each other." A leading member of the convention, in the interest of nonsectarianism, moved to strike the word "Christia-" out of this paragraph. On this ques- tion Rabbi E. N. Calisch, a distin- guished Jewish scholar, was ~nvited to undress the convention. He spoke with persuasive eloquence and sharply ann. lyzed the phraseology of the section. He said that the use of the word un- der discussion made the section con- tradlct its own terms. Other speakers said that the phrase "Ch-ristian forbearance" was entirely uestitute of sectarian significance-- that it was as unsectarian as the phrase, "'Mosaic meekness," or "Mil- tonic simplicity," or "Websterian elo- quence." But the ethel' argument pre- vailed and the entire clause was elim- inated, leaving only the definition of religion and the declaration for free-! don of conscience. An Automatic Faucet. A simple and very effective contriv- ance is described as follows by the with great credit to himself and to the cause of the North. In the late Spanish war he was placed in even a more exacting situation, but he met it capably and well, Although he has visited this coun2ry but once he was a .patriotic and enthusiastic Amerlcan. The l~a. on Hor,r#bacl~ Sept. 14 is said to have been set aa the date for springing a conspiracy to overthrow the French republic and in- stall Prince Louis Napoleon as an em- peror.--Ext~;act from cablegram from Paris. A.~ to 'Ideal, n" It is said that London financiers take the projected continental boycott of American goods seriously, and tha~ some of them are inclined to believe that England should take part In it. Their view is that the monaee of Amer- Ica is not merely a matter of trade. They profess to regard the question from a hlgb]y moral standpoint. They say it ls no advantage to the world that a great nation should dominate it with ideals into which, they allege, nothing except money can enter and with a system of govern- ment }n which money is the eontrollin..~ power. The ideals of Europe have ever been higher than tl~at, and to drop to the American standard woul~ be a fatal, error. Sad, isn't it? The United States is the only country which has engaged in war within Lhe last forty years from any but selfish motives. Its res- cue o2 the Cubans was the only piece of pure knight-errantry seen in that Scientific American: To provide a time. Europe allowed the ~rmeutans means for automatically closing a fau- to be tortured and massacred because no European power couid trust the