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August 5, 1943     The Saguache Crescent
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August 5, 1943
 

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II .=, ,, ,,, WEEKL.'Y o, .q I iii II NEWS ANALYSIS Mussolini's Exit Marks End of an Era For Fascism; Italy Ponders New Setup; Reds Continue Strong Westward Drive; WMC Rule Effects 'Super Critical' Jobs (EDITOR'S NOTE: When opinions ure expressed in these columns, they are those of Western Newspaper Union's news nnulysis and not necessarily of this newspaper.) Released by Western Newspaper Union. Seated at right, General Cotti-Porctnari, commander of the NapoU division of the Italian army in Sicily, fell as prisoner of war to the ad. vancing British army. Allied armies finally encountered stiff resistancl in the northeastern area. MUSSOLINI : No Caesar Biggest news story of the war-- that was Benito Mussolini's resigna- tion as Italy's prime minister and strong man for 21 years. Taking his place was Fascism's shadow, Marshal Pietro Badoglio, avowedly Mussolini's bitter enemy, yet the builder of his armies and his con- queror of Ethiopia. Mussolini left the scene with Italy's empire lost; with Axis armies pocketed in the northeastern corner of Sicily by Allied forces, and with the Italian mainland afire from bombs. As he left, King Victor Em- manuel called on all Italians to Stand firm in the most fateful hour of the country's destiny. Italy again will find the road of the future, he said. Twenty-one years ago, Mussolini took over the Italian government fol- lowing a march of 8,000 of his Black- shirts on Rome. Italy writhed in disorder, her industries crippled from strikes, and her unemployed war veterans in riot. In the crisis, King Victor turned to Mussolini, and thus did the strong man come to power. He restored order. He created public works and set up the cor- porate state, in which all economic groups are represented in govern- ment. He settled papal claims to the amount of 92 million dollars and recognized the Vatican's sovereign- ty. But it was over empire that Mussolini stumbled. SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: Jungle Fighting Working their way through jungle brush, American doughboys braved hidden Japanese machine gun out. posts to advance within range of the enemy's main perimeter of defenses around the strategic airfield of Mun- do in the Solomon islands. As the troops crept closer to their objective, the U. S. air force con- tinued furnishing heavy support, dive-bombers roaring in to pound the Japs' nest of wooden and earthen pill boxes. In New Guinea, Lzberator and Mitchell bombers gave Salamaua a going over, dropping 250 tons of ex- plosives in two days. As the air force softened up this impoPtant enemy base, Allied ground troops fought off Jap patrols to advance eastward to the town. MANPOWER: 'Super-Criticar Over and above the 3,000 Jobs that the War Manpower commission has designated essential, it has pre- pared a list of "super-critical" occu- pations for which draft boards will be asked to give especial consider- ation, WMC Chairman Paul V. Mc- Nutt announced, The new "super-critical" list will not replace the old list, McNutt ex- plained, but rather will be given preferential ranking above it. Draft boards will not be ordered to ex- empt workers in the "super-critical" T --., . . r. occupations because the boards are (Jp L,aSt /_,the }have this pc, war under law, At the beginning of the final stage [ The new super-critical classifl- of resistance in Sicily, the Axis line ] cation followed WMC plans for al- roughly ran from the east coast port [ lowing workers to transfer to other of Catania westward to the moun- I plants to receive higher pay for the rains, and then curved northward to [ same jobs. the shores of the Tyrrhenian sea. I HARVES, Near Catania, strong Axis forces I 1: held firm after early tank battles lprndutln n l)n,an had failed to pierce their lines. To J --be; item" ..... p avorable spring weath the west, Canadian troops picked[ .. . _._irth wa.v throuoh ruedoo terrain to [ or, the ..... nation's farmers have all but ost of Re- completea melt harvesting of spring advance on the Axis outp [ ......... ..lk,,tn h;,h h,,rlt4 hind l wneat, nemg nut only one week De s .... , ............. lea be , ,. - - mm,.to.n,,= nwn I hind normal schedule, according to ,"tt'"i''n-thlia " "" rm l federal crop statisticians But as ................. , _zcilian ._rt , Do1 .... ', n  a [of July 1, total production for 1943 ... ......... , ........ r.e S. P t- . ton s Am' erican Seventh army drove I was ........ estimated at 790 million bushels a against 1 mzmon last year westward along the Tyrrheni n [ coast toward the last Axis defenses  Only in Illinois, Indiana and Ohio defending Messina, which lies at[did harvesting fall back to any ex- the extreme tip of the island, two ] tent Through Oklahoma, Texas and miles from the Italian mainland. I Kansas the wheat was cleaned up German attempts to relnforce]according to schedule, and work in Axis troops in Sicily by means of INebraska and Missouri progressed giant Junkers and Merseberg three-  favorably and six-engined transport planes met  Estimations of the winter wheat stiff opposition from the Allies  harvesting showed Kansas with a nTTOY.. crop of 150 million bushels, against lIux. [ 206 million last year; Nebraska with RoJe Preen In 153 million against 68 million; Okla- .w --= ...... . .... I home with 32 million against 5? roll- Wire mree commns anvmg m |lion, and Texas with 33 million from the north, east. and south, and ! against 47 million. Illinois with 17 smother force swlngmg wldeto .the I million against 12 million was cred- west to. cu. o. me .re ar:.usmsn  ite d with the biggest advance over armies tigntenea mezr note on me | last veer. German held bulge of Orel. J - - The westwardly drive threatened} RATIONinG: the railroad linking Orel with the | sm r TT n .. great Nazi supply base of Bryansk. J Mark up tJutter Severance of the line meant inter-I To keep purchases in line with ruption in the flow of supplies be- supplies, the point value of butter lag shunted to German troops stub-[ was raised by 2 to 10 points per bornly resisting the Reds' three-ccr- [ pound for the period ending Septem- noted drive on Orel. [ bar 4, the Office of Price Adminis- While the Russians pressed slow-| tration announced. The action f01- 17 against German defenses at Oral, [ lowed civilian purchases in excess the Nazis told of a massiv Red of- [ of allotments during the last few fensive south of Lake Ladoga on the I months. Finnish front and below Leningrad. [ Housewives switching to other The Germans also said strong Rue- [ fats will be able to obtain shorten- Man attacks at Novorossisk in the Iing, lard and cooking and salad oils northwestern Caucasus had been re- ] at one point less. Margarine re- pelled. \\; i mains unchanged at four points. , ! I HIGHLIGHTS " " " " ''" "''''' "''' I, BEER: Inability of brewers to t corn and other grains is resulting a shortage of beer that will be- tome increasingly acute as reserves Le usedup, industry leaders say. $ $ $ Hke MILK:hy Rationing of fluid milk is autumn, says a statement from the department of agriculture, Jorecasting a fall slump in produc- er 1 to 3 per cent. i CHINA: The Japanese army au- thorities have executed at least 91 Chinese families for assisting Amer- ican airmen who participated in the raid on Tokyo in 1942, a statement from-Chungking says. u u POLAND: The German army is eonstructing a line of fortifications in Poland, 400 miles back from the present Russian battle linu. THE SAGUACHE CRESCENT [ lira 0[1[[ [IIH[ BOMBERS: Strike Nazi Industry Heavy round-the-clock raids on Hitler's European fortress got under way again with a U. S. raid on the Nazis' Norwegian submarine port of Trondheim and a neighboring aluminum plant. No sooner had the bombers alight- ed than fresh squadrons took off, this time for northern Germany. The RAF pointed bomber noses toward the great North sea port of Ham- burg and dropped 2,300 tons of ex- plosives. Another British force struck hard at the gigantic Krupp arms works at Essen. Following in the wake of the Brit- ish, U. S. airmen worked over Ham- burg in daylight. Continuing the concentrated assault on German in- dustry, other formations plastered rubber factories at Hanover and the Focke-Wulfe aircraft assembly plant at Warnemuende. Shipyards were hit at the German naval station of Kiel. Almost 60 Allied planes were lost in the raids, the bombers encounter- ing heavy anti-aircraft fire to a height of from 20,000 to 35,000 feet, and fleets of fighters. 95 Billion! The American home front's tre- mendous effort is best grasped by congressional appropriations for U. S. war spending for the next 12 months. Approximately 88 billion dollars was appropriated for expenditure on tanks, planes, guns, etc., and for the purchase of food, etc., for our embattled allies. In the fis- cal year ended last June, 73 bil- lion dollars was spent for war purposes. Besides the 88 billion dollars for the war, an additional seven billion dollars was appropriated for other government expendi- ture. Of the total amount, three billion dollars will be used for payment of interest on the public debt, which amounted to 140 bil- lion dollars last 3une. All told, government expendi- tures have been estimated at $5 billion, 330 million dollars for the next 12 months, greater than the total national income in peak years of prosperity. WHEAT: Stocks/or Feed Feeling that the present corn shortage is the gravest emergency facing the country, and that any fu- ture civilian wheat scarcity can be met out of Canada's record produc- tion, the Commodity Credit corpo- ration has determined to raise prac- tically all limits on its sales of wheat stocks for feeds. ; Under the new regulation made in agreement with the War Food administration, only 30 days trade and 90 days feeders inventories will be held. The CCC had 215 million bushels of grain with which to start the program, and it was expected that stocks would be augmented by purchases of excess elevator sup- plies. Since wheat generally was selling above the CCC loan rate, it was not thought that stocks could be built from this source. At the same time, CCC divulged it was seeking to import additional grain from Canada by rail. Ap- proximately 154 million bushels are to be shipped over the Great Lakes. Coastal shipment from Canada to American Pacific ports also was be. ing sought. TREASON: Broadcasters Named Eight American citizens charged with broadcasting Axis propaganda from Germany and Italy were in- dieted by a federal grand Jury for treason. To secure the indictment, the government presented phono- graph recordings of talks, and ac- quaintances identified their voices. Among the eight, six of the ac- cused are native Americans and two are naturalized citizens of German birth. Most prominent of those in- //// Indicted for broadeastins enemy propn-i ganda were (from left to right) Douglas Chandler, Wilhelm Kaitenbaeh and Ezra Pound. dieted is Ezra Pound, 57-year-old poet and writer who has lived in England, France and Italy since 1911. He was said to be the only one of the group broadcasting from Italy. Three of the group, including a woman, were former newspaper re- porters According to the indict. ments, the broadcasts included de- nuneiation of communism and the Jews, criticism of the American war program, and praise of Germany and Italy STRIKE: Test New Law First test of the new congressional anti-strike law came with a Penn- sylvania grand jury's indictment of 30 United Mine Workers local of. ficials and members for conspir- ing and acting to interrupt produc- tion in government-held pits. Con- viction on the charges would make the defendants liable to fines up to $5,000 or sentences up to a year iv jaiJ Fear of Farm Land Boom Adds f0 Inflation Worry Official Figures Show Agricultural Unit Values Have Increased 20 to 24 Per Cent in Year. By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. Tt.,FACT WAR RAISES VALUE OF FARM REAL ESTATE (VAtUE PER ACRE IN U. 5. A.) 1912.004OOO00 OOOOO 00000 00000 O0000,O00gO 00000 00000 00000 0(' 1933 00000 00( 1942 OOO@O 0000 Each symbol represents 5% of 1912-14 value WNU Service, Union Trust Building Washington, D. C. For many months now, govern- ment offices and conference rooms, no matter how they might echo with glowing reports from the home or the battle front, have never been quite free from a ghost. It hovers in the corner and sends chills down every spine--it is the ghost of Old Man Inflation, trying to come back to the scene of his crimes in the roaring twenties. The Office of War Information has just issued a warning that this spec- ter may appear in his most fright- ful form if we are not careful. The fat pay envelope is the inflation dan- ger you hear most about. But there is a worse one, namely, a farm land boom. So far, there has been no spectacular rise in farm land prices but a dangerous trend has been discovered in some states and the bureau of agricultural econom- ics is decidedly worried. Here are some figures. Up 20 Per Cent As of March I of this year, in- creases in farm land values over those of the previous year were 20 to 24 per cent. In September, 1941, I wrote in these columns: "Money to burn! "And the burning question is how to stop the corlagration before it starts. The chie danger is another prairie fire of farm land speculation such as started in Iowa in World War I . . . Today, two years after the present war started, farm land prices are up Iper cent . . ." Remember, that was written in September, 1941. Well, steps were taken to prevent speculation then and they met with success. How- ever, as we have seen by compar- ing figures, land prices in some states have now increased consid- erably. That is natural for much has happened since 1941. In 1942, as the Office of War Information ioints out, "for the first time in 20 rears, the annual average of farm rzees reached parity with other )rices." Since the outbreak of the war, the average of farm prices has risen more than 90 per cent, and farm income by about 80 per cent while the average prices paid by farmers, including interest and taxes, has increased about 25 per cent. Farm income was around 19 bil- lion dollars in 1941--it will be about 22 billion for 1943. That means, of course, that the farmer has money to spend and it is natural that land values would rise to some degree. As I said, they have gone up as high as 24 per cent in some states and less than 6 per cent in only six states. Those figures, says the bureau of agricul- tural economics "bear watching"l It is also reported that bankers in some parts of the Middle West be- lieve that in some cases, the land values have risen beyond their real worth based on the long-time earn- ing capacity of the land. That, if it is true, of course means that right now some farmers are buy- ing land that won't pay for itself. It is reasonable to suppose that they are not members of that un- happy group of 85,000 farm owners who met Old Man Inflation before and who lost their property under foreclosures in the decade that end- ed in 1939. If they are, they deserve to suffer again. But the unfortu- nate thing is that when the farmer loses, the rest of the country does, too. We have st:uggled through mi- nor industrial panics, as we used to call them, but when the farm goes, it means that things are in such a way that there is no stopping until everybody touches bottom. Campaign Worked in "41 The article which I wrote in 1941 reported a meeting here in Wash- ington of mortgage bankers, insur- ance people, farm organization rep- resentatives and others who were urged by the Farn Credit admin- istration to make normal appraisals of land. Apparently they did a pret- ty good job. Meanwhile, an educa- tional campaign was started urging the farmer, instead of rushing out and buying land with the first money he got as income increased, to pay off his debts. It was gratifying to see the results. In the next year (1942) the net reduction of mort- gages was 360 million dollars as against an average of 120 million reduction over the three preced- ing years. Of course, there is noth- ing Old Man Inflation hates worse than seeing debts paid up. Another thing which has helped the present situation is the fact that the farmers who 'are buying land now usually put up a large initial cash payment. Id other words, they are avoiding future debts and that is another thing, of course, which is equally unpleasant to Old Man In- flation. There is nothing to stop the farm- er from speculating in land if he wants to, buying on a margin the way the gamblers used to do on the stock exchange. Now such trans- actions are considerably limited by law but there is no law to keep a farmer from gambling if he doesn't know any better. 'Psychology for The Fighting Man' I have just been reading a little booklet called "Psychology for the Fighting Man." It is one o those books published primarily for the soldiers, and every soldier able to read, ought to have it. It has 20 chapters, each written by a well- known psychologist or expert in his line. Any chapter can be read sep- arately and they are all highly in- teresting. Familiarity with them will make any man a better soldier and a better leader. The chapter on mobs is only one. It tells how and why mobs form, what starts a panic and how to stop one. But here are a few of the other topics I found exceedingly interest- ing: Psychology and combat Seeing in the dark Color and camouflage Food and sex as military problems Differences among races and peoples and many others. Simply-told psychology. In this war, a man needs all the helps of that kind that he can get for the contrast between army life and civilian life is greater than ever. This book, "Psychology for the FighUng Man," is put out by a non- profit corporation -- the Infantry Journal, here in Washington. It costs only a quarter. It is for the soldier, sailor, private or general, ensign or admiral. And it would be a good idea for a lot of next of kin to read this book, too. It might help them to understand what the soldier is up against. B R I E F S . by Baukhage In addition to the two pairs of shoes issued every American sol- dier on entering the service, three extra pairs must be available in re- serve, and two more pairs in proc- ess of manufacture. $ Almost 1Va billion rounds of small arms ammunition is being turned out each month. Tat is seven times as much as the 19 veak. The Japanese Domei agency dis- closed that Emperor Hirohito had sent a message of "congratulations" to Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, Vichy chief of state, "on the occa- sion of Bastille day." $ Under wartime operation, railr.oad freight cars must travel about 16 per cent farther on the average ha,d. ,2LASSIFIED DEPARTMENT i iii I Nurses Training School MAKE UP TO $5-$35 WEEK as a trained practical Nurse l Learn qulck at home. Booklet free. CHICAGO SCHOOL OF NURSING, Dept. CW-8. Chicago. GUERNSEY HEIFERS HIGH GRADE GUERNSEY HEIFERS, under one year and yeariingu past. AIs springer helIers. Special price on four. FRED CHANDLER. CHARITON, IOWA. CHICKS FOR SALE Tested Cbt eke sexed or nnsexed. Im- mediate deL on most 16 bree0&t. ktrhm,. g4g@ Larlmsr St., BATTERIES Genuine Edison Batteries: For farm Hgh and power. Also wind chargers and gas driven plants. Write for informatimZ, n. & R. BATTERY COMPANY, Dept. B s Branch , P. O. Box 1132, Wichita, ]KnL LITERATURE FREE LITERATURE on the BEAUTIFU] OZARKS and $5 acre lands there. WritS BARNSLEY Ozone. Arhansa. FARMS FOR SALE For Sale: 14C-acre irrigated aHaHa farm. S6 miles south of Albuquerque. J. F. Zim merman (owner), Albuquerque, N. M. IRRIGATED FARM two miles Fort C- lins. Cheap water rights, good buildings. Will deliver now with crop. EDD MILLER, BOX I, Fort 0ollino. C01. CLINIC Kidney, Bladder and Prostatis Clinlo (for teaching purposes). A limited number o non-paying patients wllI be accepted tAD August 26 for diagnosis and treatment. Patients requiring hospitalization will bear. that expense orAy. Reservations must b@ made in advance. For particulars write to Division of Urology, Rocky Mountain Clin- Ical Group, l, fiO IAncoln, Denver S. Io* FEATHERS WANTED i'I:.A I fll:l(b ',: s,. ",. PKLOW MFL O., 21S Colo S(Iroe St Lu NO. RAZOR BLADES KENT BLADES ""''"" The Outstandlm s Blade Vuleo POULTRY FEED Peed youe poultry "stepped-up" Netrln' Feeds. We carry complete line. Colo. Ce ,d Feed Co., 4IS Brighton, Donver. Cet USED TIRES---RECAP Or Sale--Used Tractor Tires onts and rears. Used ear tires 22- 25 inch rims. 32x7 truck tires. We vul- canize and recaD an sizes and pay txamP portation. OPA pricee strictly adhered to. Discounts to dealers. SHORES BROS. Kimball ....... Nebrkk. HELP WANTED WANTEDAT ONCE_ fifteen barbara. West Barber Shop, at air base. Health cer- tificate required. No license. Liberal, Kalh WANIDAuto mechanics helpers and easer. Porto. work, good wages. Mnre ms otoro, Inc., 11 Broadway, Denver. DRUGGIST wanted for employment ha California, good salary, good hours, town population 25,000. Contact MAZE DRUG STORE, 801 10tb St., Modiste, Califor L t Wanted Linoleum Layer Good Opportunity, good money for llnolelmt layer with exper. Investigate this Job to- day. Write, call I. Crown, Jack'o Appliance Co., 106 Capitol Avo., Cheyenne, Wye. Wanted Radio Repairman i :set. Opportunity, good money for expert dlo repairman with exper. Investigate !s Job. Write, call I. Crown, Jack's ApI so Co.. I0 Capitol Ave., Cheyenne,Wyu. Wanted Miscellaneous aantity Dried Deeurativo Pods, seed elu tars, stalks, teasel, yucca, Jlmpson, etc. Torraee Gardens, 1845 Broad'y, N.Y..N.. = Repair, Rebuild Washers nepalr, rebuild all makes of washers. Work J[uar., prices reas. Full line Ma.tag parts. end order. Denver Appliance "Your May- Sag Store," TAbor 0919; 200-16 St., Denver. RANCH WANTED WAN'ID 2 to 50 section ranch southeast alorado for Summer sheep range. Abund- ant water, some irrigated land_ Give d- to/. Ralph lenbrook, Big Lake, Texg. Wanted Shipping Clerk Fine Opportunity for man in 4 or Ov S er woman who can handle sh/pp/ng work. Write or call Marvin Hayutin, Jako HaF tin & Sons Co.. 1426 Larlmer St., Denver. la PHOTO FINISHING BEAUTIFUL 4x PICTURES from 110 & 120 negatives, 3x4 from an smalle sizes, SO EA. Rolls 8 exp. S0c12 e x. o--lS exp. 60e--36 exp. $1.25. Get pr o enlarge, on portrait paper, copies rp.dO old. newpiet. OVEIRNITE SERVIC'J. PACIFIC PHOTO SERJ[CE P, O. nox 6-Z, SAN PnANcISC0, 0AL. Pigeon's Flying Muscles The flying muscles of a pigeam represent half its weight. f ,. lhmaleWea00ml ICH MAKES YOU CUgK, NBIHSI LYdia .. Plnkham'a Vegetable (m. pound has helped thousands to re- lieve porte,tie , bAaehe, hee- avhe with weak, nervous, vrsny, blue feelings -- duo to functional monthly disturtmcN. This is due to it soothing effect on one worm's 0ST noor mms. Ten regulrlyPlnklntm'a Oon pound hell build up resistance against such moyinz aymptos. I II I1[ I