Newspaper Archive of
The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
August 8, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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August 8, 1901

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% 8AGIJAOHE C ESC T. The air in the English channel was so clear one day recently that the dome of Boulogne cathedral, twenty-eight miles away, could be clearly seen from Cover with the naked eye. In conversation with a newspaper correspondent, Arabi Pasha has stated that he is in a difficult financial posi- tion. He got an allowance of 50 a month from the Egb, ptian government, which was scarcely sufficient to supply the wants of his large family, which includes sixteen children, aged from three to thirty-eight years. The Newberry library at Chicago has secured the Prince Lucien Bonaparte collection of 15,000 volumes, said to be among the best philological libraries in existence The prince spent a for- tune in getting it tbgether and his heirs offered it for sale at $200,000, but the Chicago institution is said to have bought It for a much lower figure. E. A. Martel, the French explorer of caverns, whose discoveries under- ground have attracted much attention, reports that he has found in the de- partment of Hautes Alpes d cavity in the form of a "natural well," whoss depth exceeds that of any other known. He has ~ounded it to the depth of about 1,027 feet, but the actual bottom has not been reached. Doctor Voges, the d/rector of the Buenos Ayres National Board of Health, reports that during a recent trip to Paraguay he accidentally dis- covered that napthalene is an excellent remedy for mosquito bites. It neutral- izes the poison, he says, even when the bite has caused considerable inflamma- tioh, and if a fresh bite be rubbed with Jaapthalene no swelling follows. " Speaking of the summer and win- ter Journeys wealthy people make to v%rlous "resorts" here and abroad, a I~hrewd observer of city life remarksi that "the finer the house on the avenue, the less it is occupied" In so far as that is true, it is to he regretted. ] At every season, in some favored re- gion, nature spreads a fairer roof than ever architect devised; but we may leave paradise behind us when we set out to find a better place than home. In the presence of a large numberO! officersfrom the garrisonand neighbor- hood, the famous "Tower of Remem- :branoe" erected at Gravelotte hy thq ,Germans in 1895, at a cost of more than 4'40,000, was blown up recently by the military engineers. Originally intended as a post of observation over ~he neighboring country, it was after- wards found that the existence of such a watch-tower was incompatible with ,the safety of the new fort outside Metz, whichis completely dominated.. All ac- ,cess to the monument has been prohib- 4ted for some time past by the military ~authorlties. No fair-minded landlord can any :longer advance the old argument that wretched tenements are inevitable be- cause the poor prefer filth to cleanli- :hess and that good tenements will not +pay. The City and Suburban HomeJ ICompany of New York has dispc~ed ot ~that insufficient excuse of the parsimo- ~nioua landlord. This corporation up- ,preached the problem with the idea of combining business and philanthropy. It has built excellent tenements In the poorest parts of the city, and rentz at prices as low as those of the miser- ,able hovels about them. Its holdings represent an investment of two roll- ,lion dollars, on which it has Just de- clared a dividend of 4 per cent. The $1andlord who pretends that good tene- iments will not pay is usually a man who wants fifteen per cent. In East Oakland, Cal., is to be tried .a plan for helping homeless girls which seems almost ideal in method as well as in purpose. A rich and gen- erous-hearted woman has declared her intention of building ten cottages, each of which will accommodate ten girls and be in charge of a "house-mother." The cottages will stand In a beautiful park, with trees, lawns and flower gardens about them. The inmates of each cottage will constitute a separate SENATOR MORGAN ON NEGRO| L ' " i The talk of Senator Morgan of Ala-~ bama about the situation in the South, I and especially in Alabama, is so sol-/ emn and so essentially silly, that we cannot help susp2cting his sincerity. It reads as if for the time lie feh com- pelled to talk to the ga.~eries, tie has plenty of sense and a fair stock of humor, and lie does not ordinarily take so much time and trouble to say what is obviously whle of the mark and at best extremely thin. He defines the purpose ef the ap- proaching constitutional convention to be "to relieve the state of an incubus of ignorance and vice, to eliminate an element composed of men who have neither character, intelligence, capaci- ty, sense of responsibility, patriotism, or loyalty to any obligation." Un- doubtedly there is such an element in Alabama, and in all the S~uth. It Is composed of men, some of whom are black and many of whom are white. Both classes are the product of slav- ery, which made honest work as dis- agreeable and discreditable for the whites as for the slaves themselves. In bo{h classes vice is largely the conse- quence of ignorance, which is in great part due to the idleness bred in slav- ery. Neither class Is really ftted for the exercise of the suffrage. Each badly needs education In the duties of citizenship and each would be far bet- ter off if its members were forced to acquire the rudiments of that educa- tion before they were allowed to vote. If the ballot were made the prize of some elememary schooling, both classes would gradually comply with the conditions, and there would be a steady and permanent gain for the state. We are confident that Senator Mor- gan really nnderstands these facts. Yet he gravely assumes that the faults and defects of the voters of Alabama and the South are confined to the ne- groes, and that by robbing these of their equal right to the suffrage the state will rid itsalf of the evils due to these defects and faults. He pretends to be engaged in a noble and high- minded scheme to purlfy the polltics of his state, when he Is really trying only to get rid of negro suffrage while setting up for the ignorant and vicious whites a sort of sacred privilege lmsed exclusively on the color of their skin. He ought to know by sad exPerience that it is this class that has imposed on the Democratic party in the South the burden it has so steadily borne to deserved defeat. It is this class that has made the Democracy of the senator himself futile and helpless and has deprived him of the honor and influ- ence as a leader to w~ich his ability and character entitle him. It is this elass in all the southern states, secure and insolent in its class privilege, that has kept the Democratic party section- al and narrow and imbecile. Its action and influence have bred Populism, ~ar- rayed the party against all the true interests of their section and of the country, made it reactionary, obstruct- lye, unpa~iotie and utterly unsafe. It Is the surrender of the party to this class that has made it Impossible for a southern man, no matter what his character and ability, to become a real power in national politics, and has bound men like Mr. Morgan to the ig- noble leadershII) an4 ruinous ambition of a man like Mr. Bryan. Does Senator Morgan llke his chains? Do they fit easily and is their clanking agreeable? It would seem so, since he is engaged In strengthen- ing the influence of the class that com- pels him to wear them. If men of the standing of the senator would only see that it is not negro ignorance and vice exclusively of which the South must get rid, but that equal and fair conditions imposed on the ignorant and vicious of both races are the only possible mean~ of putting the affairs of the South in safe hands, it would be far better for their party, for their sec- tion, and for the whole nation. Until there ~rise leaders wise and clear- headed enough to pursue this course the South will inevitably remain, so. far as national politics are concerned, In a condition of disadvantage and in- atheism. The Post has too much sen~ to maintain such an extreme view. But on the other hand, if there is "a des- tiny that shushes our ends" on a grand and majestic plan, if in the long ruu divine pm'poses are carried out in the affairs of na~ons, there is a want of logic and consistency in accusing per- sons" of blasphemy and superstition who profess to believe that m particu- lar events of vast present and future importan(~e and influence on the course of history the hand of Providence i~ to be recognized. In the war with f;pain and its direct results one chapter ,of history closed and ahother opened. Many Ameri- cans, and if the tr~th were known doubtless many Spa~fiards, believe that the destruction ~ Spain as a co- lonial power after ~r centuries of trial, during which period ignorance, cruelty and oppression marked its poli- cy towards its dependents, was a di- rect punishment by the hand of the Su- preme Judge of nations. They believe that authority was wrested from Spain because it has been weighed in the balances and found wanting+ that the time had come when judgment was to be declared and punishment exe- cuted. They are further of the belief that this power was transferred to the United States not only because this nation had become ready and fitted to assume it, but because of the unselfish- ness of its intervention in behalf of a struggling people, the only instanee in history of one nation making war on another for the benefit of a third. If ! it is conceivable at alI that at any time or under any circumstances a higher power intervenes in human affairs, tim Spanish War and the strange and epoch-making events growing out of it, unthought of by the American peo- ple or government when the war was entered upon, would seem to be of a sufficiently gigantic scale to inspire the belief. It Is further impressed on the minds of many Americans by the un- precedented circumstances that attend- ed the war. That two of the greatest naval battles in history, both in the numbers engaged and the destructive .power of the warships on both sl4ea, should have resulted in each case ha the total annihilation of one party without the loss of a ship or eve~ of a man of the other, is certainly an as- tounding fact, worthy, if any event can be, of being regarded asa mir~u- lous and providential. It is impossible to complacently eliminate Providence from among the factors in history. Repeatedly during the Revolutionary War and later, Washington, in solemn words, de- clared his reliance upon divine power and aid, and testified his conviction that the favorable issue was due to the intervention of Promtdence. When Lincoln took leave of his towns peo- ple at Springfield in February, 1861, in an affecting speech he .declared his conviction that only the favor of the Almighty could save the nation. Throughout the war his reliance on and faith in providential aid were t many times reiterated, and in his r~r- end inaugural address he asserted hls belief that the terrible Civil War w~s a chastisement of the American peru pie by the hand of the ruler of nations for their national sin of human slav- ery. If it was not childish supersti- tion in Washington and Lincoln to rec- ognize the direct intervention of di- vine power in the affairs of the coun- try forty or a hundred years ago, it is difficult to see on what grounds such a change can be brought in relation to the Spanish-American War and events provoking and growing out of it. ~>rinciples, N~t Headquarters, WantS[. Because the results in the West have not been up to expectations, the Demo- cratic party is about to discontinue its national headquarters in Chicago. Whether the change shall l~e temporary or permanent time must determine. It will depend largely upon whether or not the Democratic party in the future will have anything to offer western peo- ple that will prove more acceptable to them than anything it has offered dur- ing the last six years. OUESTION OF EXTRA SESSION OF COLORADO LEGISLATURE Denver, Aug. &--The questlon of an: extra session is brought to the front by Judge Dixon's decision adverse to the revenue law. The News advocates and the lh,publican apposes such a measure. The Republican says: "The people have already suffered at the hands of the Fusion Legislature al- most more than they can endure, and to bring upon them the calamity of a special session would be an unpardon- able violation of public rights and in- terests." The News discusses the question as follows: It is the opinion of those who have studied the matter that the govern(~r should not hesitate to call an extra se~ sion of the Legislature to pass the rev- enue law over again, and cure the sup- posed defects pointed out by Judge Dixon. While Auditor Crouter and some others are of the opinion that the state will have enough revenue, even under the old law, provided the county assessments remain at the high figures at which they have been placed, yet iu that event the fiat tax on corporations, the tax on liquor dealers and various other new taxes imposed by the new revenue law would not be collected. The net result of proceeding under high assessments and under the old law, would be to increase the taxes of those who have been paying taxes right along and permit the escape of corporations and other interests spe- cially designed to be reached by the new law. The Supreme Court will not consider the appeal from Judge Dixon's decision I until Judge Campbell has returned ] from Europe and in all probability will I not be able to reach it for severalI months. Unless an extra session is] held and the new law placed beyondI attack, the tax collecting under this i year's assessment will be Involved in all sorts of complications aml the bur- dens of taxation are likely to be rots- pin ted. The sentiment of ttie county aSses- sors is strongly against holding nl) their assessment to the high figures a~ which they have L~en placed unless they also may assess the property of railways, etc., on tlie S'ilne basis as they are en]power(~l to do mulet the terms of the new law. They are not willing to let the assessment of other forms of property stand at a high fig- ure with the chance of the State Board of Equ'flization. acting under the old law, placing raihvay and tele.graph " t property, etc., at a hgule proportmn- ately much lower. Even shouhl the State Board of Equaliz'Ition bind itself to adopt and make its own the assessnlent of rail- ways fixed by the State Board of As- sessors, something the State Board of Assessors don't seem at all disposed to do, the death of the new hlw would re- lieve the corporations of the fiat tax and would abolish the new fees in law ecru'is and other sources of revenue. Unless an extra session is agreed up- on it is highly probable that the asses- ~ors will go home and procure a heavy reduction in their county assessments, and the optimistic notions of a big enough revenue for the state, even un- der the old law, will go glimmering. The fifty-seven assessors of the state are class~t as twenty-nine Democrats and twenty-eight Republicans. The new Bo.ard of Assessors probably will consist of S. H. Alexander of Arapa- hos, who elects himself; Layden of E1 Paso and Lysight of Teller, from the counties of the second class: Callen of Lake, ttogan of Pitkin and Stevens of Weld, from the counties of the third class, and seven others to be chosen by the counties of lower class. REVENUE LAW IS DECLARED TO BE UNCONSTITUTIONAL Pueblo, Colo., Aug. &--Judge N. Wal- ter Dixon yesterday in the District Court declared the revenue law passed by the Thirteenth General Assembly of Colorado unconstitutional, and granted the prayer of the railroad corporations of the state for a writ of mandamus compelling the old state board of equalization to perform its duties. The text of Judge Dixon's decision which is very voluminous, covering more than a page of the large daily papers, is tn part as follows: "The case involves no question of conflict between the substance of any of the provisions of the bill and the constitution, but presents an attack upon it as an entirety, on the ground that It was not enacted in accordance with the mandate of the constitution. "The specific objections urged against its validity are: "First--That the bill was passed af- ter the legislative session had termin- ated by constitutional limitation, in violation of section 6, article V. "Second--That the bill, as authenti- cated by the presiding officers of the two houses and signed by the gov- ernor, was never in fact passed by the senate. "Third--That if the bill passed-the General Assembly it carried with it substantial amendments which had not been printed, in violation of sec- tlon 22, article V. "Bearing tn mind that the purpose of the printing provision is as stated by our Supreme Court, to prevent hasty and ill-considered legislation, I think It is proper, in order to accent- uate the soundness of the conclusion, to advert to the circumstances under which it was attempted to enact this measure. "On the night of the last day of the session a bill was referred to a confer- ence committee upon a question of the first magnitude, upon which the House had stubbornly differed. Within a short time prior to final adjournment that committee presented a long, com- plicated report proposing legislation radically different from anything which had been considered by either of the houses, and on motion its report was adop[ed. That the members could have had any accurate concep- tion of the exact effect of the amend- ment proposed it is Impossible to be- lieve. They amy have had, and prob. ably did have a conception of their general purpose and effect. If they did, they must have derived it from 'verbal explanations of those who. planned the compromise. Upon such information and consideration, law ts attempted to be made. Tiffs is clearly not in accordance with the spirit of the constitution. The fundamental idea of all the provisions relating to the enactment of laws is that of in- dividual responsibility. It was not in- tended that the legislator in perform- ing his duties slmuld rely upon the explanation or information conveyed by others, or that he should be eon- trolled or influenced by party caucus, or by party leaders. It was intended that each and every substantial pro- vision proposed to be enacted as a law should be printed in cold black and white, in order that he might consider it alone with his own conscience, so that when the final responsibility should come up to him he could not evade it by pleading misinformation or misunderstanding. "The case clearly presents a flagrant instance of the evil to which the Su- preme Court referred; and if the pro- cedure of the houses in the premises can be sustained, then the framers of the constitution were entirely mistaken in supposing that they had constructed provisions which wo~d avoid the dan- ger of hasty and ill-considered legisla- tion. "I conclude, threfore: "First--That the action of the House of Representatives in placing the bill upon final passage was In violation of section 22 of Article Y of the constitu- tion, because said bill carried with it substantial amendments which had not been printed. "Second--That the action of the Sen- ate in adopting the report of the con- ference committee was, constitutional- ly, an adoption only of the amendments contained therein, and was not a final passage of the bill. "Third--That the bill being rendered nugatory by constitutional mandate, the relators are entitled to the relief prayed for. "Entertaining no doubt whatever as to the correctness of these conclusions, I deem it unnecessary to express any opiniot~ on the first objection urged against the validity of the statute. "However much this result is to be deplored, it cannot be avoided. ,,~o pass- ing necessity, however urgent, ca~ justify an infraction of the fundamen- tal law. In such a case, to all argu- ments based upon public convenience or public policy, the courts can make but ~ne answer--'what is written, is written.'" ;+++++++++++++4+++4+++++~++++++++++ ++++++++++++ THE DENVER-ELDORA atate and the ~act that he has the con- RAILROAD RESUMED tract for the construction of this new )eaks well COLORADO NOTES. Charles It. Simpson, who drew acres in the land lottery at has lived in Pueblo for somewhat a year. The Pueblo Y. M. C. A. has fifty members in three weeks since accession of the new secretary, W. Janes. The fift~etlt annual of American Assoei'Hion for the ment of Science will convene in ver August 2tith. Contracts are to be let soon for construction of a new steel across Clear creek on the Middle road at Idaho Springs. In Denver on August 3d Carl shot and probably fat'tllv wounded t next-door neighbor, VV.'D. Hogan,, the result of a family quarrel. The death penalty law went into feet at midnight August 1st, to an opinion rendered by Attorney General George .Fost. The total precipitation at during ~he month of July was hundredth of an ineiL Hardly lent to a moderate fall of dew. The Denver Eye. the principal urban weekly pal)er of Denver, been purchased from the estate of G. Garrison of L. N. Zalinger. Delays in the construction of ment for the new telephone at Colorado City will postpone opening for three weeks. About will be expended. Fred Jeffries was killed at Hawk on the night of the 3d by taking hold of a live electric He was the only son of a widow whom she was largely dependent support. *-Picket sales last month at the depot iu Denver were $20,000 than for July of the year before there was an increase of 29,703 in number of pieces of baggage Colorado has been full of tourists. The Reed Investment Company Colorado Springs has decided to ish the old Brunswick hotel at Grand Junction and erect on site a first-class modern hotel to ealled "Tlm Reed." It will cost $25 and will contain fifty rooms. In the Telluride Journal's contest for the most popular lady in San Miguel county, Miss hie Tosh, assistant postnmster, first prize, a trip to the Buffalo Ex sition, and Miss Geuevieve MeLeod the telephone station, second, a the Mountain and Plain Festival. The Grand Junctton city council voted to give the Peach Day the bSmfit of the license that may assesfie(1 against shows, etc., the three days' celebration, Au 28th, 29th and 30th. The hope in this way to raise several dred dollars more toward the big bration. Orville Wilson, who was bro~ from Durango to Salida by Sheriff kle on a charge of being implicated the death of Etta Fowler, was take~ before the coroner's jury and made statement to that body. He was to the county jail at Buena Vista and the preliminary trial was set for gust 20th. Thomas C~nway, reeenUy from the Philippines, was killed at Anaconda on the night of 4th instant by taking hold of a wire. Conway was about years of age and his father at one time was superintendent of bridges on Florence & Cripple Creek railwaY- He has two brothers who reside at Du- range. Lightning struck the dome of the federal postoffice building in on the afternoon of August 4th, ing a patch of piaster off the breaking an electric light globe and set- ring fire to a pile of rubbish. The fire was quickly quenched aad no real harm was done. Weather Forecaster Brandenburg and Guard Wiggins felt the shock but were not hurt. The strike of the Denver hod car- riers is declared off. This ends one. of the longest and most fiercely waged building strikes that Denver has ever seen. On June 1st over 800 hod car- riers went out for an increase i~ wages., After a protracted diseu~sio~ on the night of August 1st, the he4 carrlers voted unanimously to declare the strike off. This action was take~ because the State Board of Arbitra- decided against the strikers. Leopold Batres, Mexico's greates~ archaeologist, may visit Manses canon, Colorado, it is reported, for the pur- pose of making researches among the cliff dwellers' ruins, recently brought into prominence by Mrs. Virginia~ Mc" Clurg of Colorado Springs. Mr. Batre~ hopes to prove by his investigation} that Mancos valley may have been the anelent Huetlapalla of the Tolteos, from which they started on their southern pilgrimage to populate the land of Anahuae. George Fravert of Rifle recently brought down to Game Commissioner Harris at Denver five mountain sheep