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Newspaper Archive of
The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
Lyft
August 8, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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August 8, 1901
 

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])ENVER TO SALT LAIIE CITY VIA THE UNION PACIFIC B,Y. We doubt if a more sumptuously equipped train ever left Denver than that which pulled out of the Union depot Tuesday evening, July 23d, con- raining about fifty newspaper men, mostly from eastern cities, who had been invited by the Union Pacific rail- way to be their guests on a trip from Denver to Salt Lake City and return, with the special object of noting the improvements recently completed and in progress along that line. The train consisted of three Pullman sleepers, a dining car and the private car of General Passenger Agent I~umax. At Cheyenne the next morning there was added an observation car and the pri- vate car of Superintendent Parks. As thus composed the train was carried unbroken to Salt Lake City. Accom- panying the party there were, in ad- dition to Mr. Lomax a~d Mr. Parke, Mr. Griffin, the general agent of the company at Denver, Mr. Darlow, the advertising agent of the road, and Professor Knight of Wyoming univer- Green River and Bryan, Le Roy and! Evanston. Altogether there have been built 156 miles of absolutely newi track, there has been a saving of thirty-one miles in distance and the grade has been reduced to forty-three! feet to the mile. All of Wednesday was spent in ex- amining the improvements between Cheyenne and Rawlins. Of especial interest to all was the powerful steam shovel which was at work on Sherman hill filling a long train of freight cars with the wonderful disintegrated granite with which that region abounds. Nearly a cubic yard would be taken at one scoop, and a freight car would be filled every two minutes. This disintegrated granite is wonder- ful material. It is not rotten rock, as some may suppose, but live, bright granite with sharp edges. It has sim- ply been subjected by nature to an enormous crushing and grinding force, which has broken it in bits varying in size from small shot to pieces as large tween the steel and the walls on all sides to make a thick backing of Port- land cement. The bore of this part of the tunnel was also changed to an egg- shape form, as being best able to re- sist pressure. This shale extended for 700 feet, and increased the cost of the tunnel by hundreds of thousands of dollars. The visitors were shown a five-acre lot which was covered over thick with the broken and twisted beams taken from this part of the tun- nel. Soon after the shale had been passed through a large flow of water l was encountered, and as In this end of the~tamnel the grade is toward the i breast, an expensive pumping plant had to be installed. The next obstacle was a strong vein of oil, accompanied by dangerous gases. Notwithstanding the utmost precautions, several serious explo- sions have already occurred. It gath- ers in dense clouds along the roof of the tunnel, where a spark struck by a THE UNION PACIFIC BETWEEN CHEYENNE AND OGDEN. THE DOTTED LINES SHOW THE NEWLY CONSTRUCTED CUT-OFFS. atty. The latter has a national repu- tation as a geologist and paleologist, and added much to the pleasure of the company by his description of the dif- ferent formations they examined. All of the above gentlemen exerted them- selves to the utmost to make the trip a pleasant one to their guests, and we believe have the assurance that their efforts were fully appreciated. The train only moved in the day time. The first night was spent in Cheyenne. After breakfast Wednes- day morning the whole crowd found seats in the observation car, which was pushed in front of the engine, with Superintendent Parke's private car between them, and prepared them- selves "to be shown." Heretofore one of the most diffcult pieces of track on the entire llne was that between Cheyenne and Laramie. Cheyenne has an elevation of 6,050 feet above sea level. Sherman, thirty- three miles west, the top of the divide, and the highest point between Omaha and Ogden, has an elevation of 8,247 feet. This made a rise of 2,200 feet in thirty-three miles, an average grade of slxty-six feet to the mile, while the maximum was over eighty-elght feet. Although even this is less than that encountered by any other railroad crossing the mountains, still it is a pretty stiff climb, and a large number of extra engines were kept constantly employed in helping trains over the hill. As will be seen by the map ac- companying this article, a very large part of this llne was entirely rebuilt. The work required the handling and moving of 8,000,000 cubic yards of Sherman gravel and 1,000,000 cubic yards of hard granite rock, and the boring of a tunnel 1,900 feet long. To the average .reader these figures con- vey but little meaning. Some idea of the immensity of the work may, how- ever, be obtained when one is told that there are three fills within a single 'mile of track which contain enough rock and disintegrated granite to bal- last the New York Central road from New York to Chicago. Some idea of the cost may also be realized when we are told that the contractors who bored the tunnel received a bonas of $160,000 m6re than the contract called for, because they eompIeted the work several months earlier than was specified in the contract. As a result of all this, change the grade has been reduced to forty-three feet to the mile. A~ engine that before required a helper to haul twenty freight cars over the hill can now pull forty with- out help. The saving in fuel, in wages and in repair of roiling stock is pro- digious. Like changes, with grade revisions, have been made between HOwell and Hutton's station, Lookout station and Medicine Bow, Hanna and Dana, Cooper's Lake and Lookout, Waleott and Fort Steele, Rawlins and Ti]igon, l as a pigeon's egg. It makes an abso- lutely perfect ballast for a railroad, as ~tt will not blow away nor slip and slide, but packs into a solid, homo- geneous mass. It Is gractually coming into use also for paving city streets. Denver has several so paved, Omaha is experimenting with it, and recently an expert from far-off Buffalo visited the deposits for' the. purpose of deter- mining whether it would stand trans- portation so great a distance as to that city. Wednesday mght was passed at Rawllns, and on Thursday the train got as far west as Spring Valley. The principal stops were made at Rock Springs and Green River. At the former place are worked the most ex- tensive coal mines in the West. Be- tween two and three hundred car- loads a day are shipped out the year around. T~e company were taken i through one of the larger mines and saw for themselves how the thing was done. A short stop was also made at Fisk Cut, a little west of Green River, where there are wonderful fossil beds. It was here Professor Marsh of Yale college made his principal discoveries. Near this point is one of the most re- markable cuts on the entire llne, the whole face of a mountain having been sliced off to get room for the track. As noted above, Thursday night was passed at Spring Valley, a new town that has sprung up' at the eastern end of the Aspen mountain tunnel. This tunnel is not yet completed, the head- ings being about 600 feet apart, but both ends were visited by the party on Friday morning. This tunnel is the most expensive improvement on the entire line, and its completion will save a greater distance than any other. It is a very remarkable tunnel in many respects. In tact it is claimed by the railroad officials to be the most l daring piece of railroad engineering i ever attempted on this continent. They make this claim on account oil the difficulties encountered in prose- outing the work. It was supposed the: mountain through which the tunnel passes was of ordinary grmlite and the contract was let on this basis. It; has proven, however, to be a veritable museum of wonders, each of which taxed to the utmost the ingenuity of' the contractors. The first serious dif- ficulty was a huge mass of movingi shale, struck within 500 feet of the western entrance to the tunnel. This shale when exposed to the air swelled up like a sponge, and its expansive power was simply irresistible. Great Oregon timbers twelve inches square set as close together as they would stand were snapped off llke pipestems. It was impossible to brace them so they would hold. The floor of the tun- nel would sometimes bulge up four feet in a single night. It was finally found necessary to replace the tim- bers with heavy steel beams, and be- drill or a short circuit in the electric wiring is liable to set it oft any mo- ment. This oil, by the way, although so troublesome to the contractors, is likely to be the cause of rapidly devel- oping the surrounding country. "The oil has a paraffne base and is ex- tremely valuable. Already a number of companies have been formed to prospect the neighboring hills. What will be encountered in the re- maining 600 feet no one can tell. We understand that bets are even between the laborers who prophesy Milwaukee beer and those who are looking for what is known !n Kentucky as Moun- tain Dew., The length of this tunnel will be about 5,900 feet, and the cost some- thing prodigious, but when completed it will be a monument to the enter- prise and perseverance of the Union Pacific officials that will apparently endure for thousands of years. The rest of Friday was spent on the run to Salt Lake City, short stops be- ing made at Evanston and Ogden. Over $15,000,000 have been expend- ed in these various improvements. As a result of them the Union Pacific has not only much the shortest llne across the Rockies, but one simply incompar- able for the ease of its grades and the smoothness of its tracks. ~It is said that the fuel consumed by a railroad averages forty per cent. of the entire operating expenses. It will be seen, therefore, what an enormous saving there must be when this bill can be cut right in two. This the Union Pa- cific has succeeded in doing. To President Burt, more than to all others, is due the credit for these changes. It was he who had the nerve to go before a board of directors and ask for the enormous sum men- tioned above, not to open up new ter- ritory or to build new lines, but sire-~ ply to improve an already existing flue. Railroading is, more than almost any other, a business of to-day Offi- cials and boards of directors are con- stantly changing. Not one of those connected with the road to-day may be with it five years hence. For this reason Mr. Burt's daring and success is the more notewor[hy. It can be ex- plained in only one way, and that is that the money kings of the East have a prodigious confidence in the quick development of this western country, and in the enormous growth uf our trade with the Orient. The people of Denver and Colorado should be especially interested in these improvements. Anything that adds to the ease of communication be- tween Colorado and Utah benefits both. Three things are essential to ideal railroad traveling--safety, com- fort and speed. In each of these re- spects no other line can compare with the "Overland Route."--J. S. T. l'eople of ~n I~l~tnd Off Connecticut Go ~ Destroyers of Humanity s Peace Come. ]~oney Ms& ] From Other L~nds. / A dispatch from Stony Creek, Con-] No spot on earth has suffered so necticut, says that the entire popula-Imuch from the importation of insect tlon of Money Island, one of the Thlm- [ pe~ts as the islands composing the Ha- Ole group, which lies a mile and a half ] waltan group. ~l~me was when it was off shore, is at a high pitch of excite- ~ a .pleasure to live there because of the meat, Both summer and winter popu-I absence of such ~lagues; now It Is latium, armed with trowel and clam[ different. excavator, are digging up the shores/ The two c'nief products of these ~f the island in quest of treasure be-! ~slands are sugar and coffee, while a lieved to have been buried by that l considerable amount of fruit is also bloody-mlnded old buccaneer, Captain[ grown. Along with the imported trees Kidd. All this comes to pass because l came their insect enemies, notably the Mike Luchia, for thirty years a sailor[ scale insect and the aphis. In the beforethe mast, but now the factotum ] course of time these increased so pro- of Dr. D. G., Davis, a New York phy-[ diglously that they threatened to de- aiclan, whose Immmer home rises on Jstroy the industries of the country. the bluff western shore Of the island, ~ Man is doomed to a constant struggle dreamed of money and the dream[against nature and he is often com. came true. Mike Luchia is exhibiting{polled, so t~o speak, to fight her with doubloons and other pieces of money] her own weapons. So It was In this which he dug up after a dream re-] ease. The trees were being destr~yed vented their whereabouts. They are] by Insects,; remedy, import more in- blackened and worn, but things of] sects. So in 1890 a certain ladybird beauty to the excited islanders. I (vedalia cardlnalis) was sent over from Australia. It became completely na- turalized and increased prodigiously, feeding on the scale insects, which it soon reduced in numbers until they be- came comparatively scarce. But there were other insect plagues --aphides and others of different or- ders. The government therefore em- ployed a naturalist to import more In- sects. These were brought from Aus- tralia and many of them were lady- birds. Several of them have estab- lished themselves and done good ser- vice. One of the most useful is a lady- bird which feeds on the aphides, which had seriously attacked the su- gar canes. It has done such good work that there Is every prospect of the canes being speedily cured. ]Public Expenditur~ in ~$fexlOo. The Mexican army of more than 25,. 000 men Is supported upon a trifle more than 1,000,000 Mexican dollars a month. The Mexican Congress does not cost $1,000,000 a year. BEYOND THE SPAN OF LIFE. Culprits 8ometlmes Sentenced to Centuries of Imprisonment, To be sentenced to Imprisonment for the term of one's natural life is hard enough, but to be consigned to a dun- geon cell for a couple of thousand yeats is indeed harrowing. Yet for- eign Judges not infrequently hnpose sentences of several centuries wilhout it being considered anything remarka- ble. Not long ago an Italian adven- turer was convicted of sixty-three dls-. tinct forgeries. He was sentenced In ~b~Cfreh ease, with the result that he will e in the year 2089. A couple of years ago a young man was arrested in Vleuna who, upon his own showing, should have been sen- tenced to 2,500 years' imprisonment. A total of 400 charges was brought against him, and he was convicted and sentenced on all of them. But the Judge was a merciful man, and In passing sentence he threw off 1,000 years in consideration of the man's youth. A Kttie time ago, in the great Calabrian brigandage trial in Naples, the ~ublic prosecutor demanded sen- tence upon ~ prisoners, and although the average sentence imposed was a little over five years the aggregate of the sentences amounted to 1,300 years' imprisonment. ~rgo Lightning Rod. The largest lightning conductor lu the world is in Bavaria. The top of it is some yards above the meteorolog. ~lcal station on the Zugspitze, the high. eat point of land in the German eva. pits, It runs down the side of the mountain to a body of running water. The length of the rod is three and a half miles. SLIMKtNS' ]FIRST ]EFFORT. "You never can tell what kind of a shot you're going to get from the crowd when you're campaigning," said "Jake" Kemple, a veteran "Sl~ll- binder," at the Fifth Avenue Hotel the other night. "The State committee sent a kid speaker along with me in Stanton street last October. It was a trying out process for the youngster, a stu- dent in Columbia and the son of a rich lawyer. Just for fun, call him Slim- kiss. Slimkins wore a long Prince Albert coat, and over that a light, short, fall overcoat that lacked about seven inches of covering the Prince Albert. Add to this a s}~yscraper col- lar, a pair of light colored tab gloves and a plug hat, and you have a l~ne o~ Slimkins' getup. The chairman of the cart tail meeting knew me, and as soon as I hove in sight with Slimkins he got hold of me and said: " 'Say, Jake, wot's dis yer sprtngin' on us. If de gang gits after dls ptctur plate wunst dey'll make him look like t'irty cents.' "I said I guessed the young fellow wouldn't make any ba~t break, but the chairman looked apprehensively "nt him and at his fine clothes. It was arranged that my college friend ~hould follow the chairman, who made a good short talk. When Slimkins got up he was badly rattled, but he removed his overcoat, tossed his gloves into his tall hat, and said: " 'Fellow-citizens and Republicans of the Fifteenth Assembly District: The--aw--issues of the campalgn--aw ~have--aw--besn so fully promulga- ted--aw--by the gentleman who has Just spoken--aw--aw--that I--aw-- a--hardly know what to talk about.' "'Talk about a half-minute 'n' set down, an' let the fat lobster spake his piece,' said a hoarse-voiced man on the far edge of the crowd. "That settled Slimkins," added Mr. Kemple. "He seemed to shrivel up. Soon his short light overcoat faded away in the darkness toward the Bow- ery. The fat lobster referred to was myself, and I had a hard time getting started. I told the State committee about it afterward, and Slimkins was scratched off the speakers' list."-- New York Tribune. ~EN'B VIEWS OF WO~EN. He is a fool who thinks, by force or skill, to turn the current of a woman's will.--Samuel Tuke. The most beautiful object in the world, it will beallowed is a beautiful woman.--Macaulay. If the heart of a man is depressed with cares, the mist is dispelled when a woman appears.--Gay. Lovely woman, that caused" our cares, can every care beguile.--Beres- ford. Raptured man quits each dozing sage, Oh, wqman, for thy lovelier page.~Moore. Kindness in woman, not th'eir beau- teous looks, shall win my love.~ Shakespeare. NO SERIOUS DAM'AGE, .Brainy Bowers~"De bull's a-comin' all right, an' I'spose me biographer when he comes to write me life 'll say de position was critical, but dat's a~lie. "'Cause I Just do de Ilghtsome skip an' den turn round an' see de fun. "It's dese "little exhibitions o' mind- power what makes me t'ink dat pr'aps I oughter incorporate meself as a~ com- pany an' give de world at large de benefit of me brains." A8 REGARDS A WIF]~ "Have you considered all that I have said, my boy?" asked the old gentle- man the day after he had given hls son a little fatherly advice. "'Yes, father," replied the youn~ man meekly. "You are getting near the age at which a young man naturally begins to look around for a wife, and I don't want you to make a mistake." 'Tll try not to, father." "No butterflies of fashiofi, my boy, hut a girl ot some solid worth; one who has some practical accomplish- ments." "Yes, father." "Never mind the plano'playlng and Delsarte lessons; ne~er mind the danc- ing and the small talk. When you find a Irirl who can cook, my boy, it will ,be time to think of marrying. When you find a girl who can make up her own bed, knows how to set the table without forgetting something, is able ~to put up the preserves, and, above all. is good at sewing, go In and wln her, my boy, and you will have my blessing." "I have resolved, father, to seek such a wife as you describe," said the young man with determination. "I see the folly of seeking a wife in society. I will go to an intelligence office this afternoon and see if I can find one that will answer. And then I'll have mother call on her, and--and " "Young man, I'll break your neck in about a minute!" "But you said " "Never mind what I said. I've changed my mind."--Leslle's Weekly. ~HE EXCE P TIO'N. "Say, Bill, there's one of them pti0- ded-up dudes. Look at his cotton shoulders: Let's go an' insult him." "See here, mister, you oughter git into a museum as de prize stuffed deed." "Help! Say, bow could we know that them shoulders was real?" ~[AD~ UP-TO-DATE. A teacher in a public school up in the Hundreds tells this: "In one of my classes," slfe said, "was a young woman who had a way of applying modern ideas to old sub- Jects which now and then smashed an idol. On one occasion I asked her to writean exercise on any ruin she might select. The next day she brought in the following: "'If thou would'st view fair Melro~ aright Take a kodak and visit it by daylight.' This prompted another in the class to turn in this: "'In .Venice Tasso's echoes are no more, And silent rows the songless gon- dolier, But at the quay he plays the mandolin To ragtime music, not by note, but ear.' "The young women evidently thought they had struck a rich mine in my suggestion, for at the next call' one of them handed in this: 't' 'Tis sweet to hear the Dachshund in the d~rk Whine welcome as we draw near home, sweet home." 'TI~ nice to know the Dachshund doesn't bark Or make unseemly racket when we come.' "Well. I saw I had made a mistake, and immediately informed the class that it might In the future confine l~ ruminations to scenes on Manhattan." ~New York Sun. LAUGHLET& Ono or the Other. "That social reformer has a very spectacular way of presenting some ex- traordinary theories." "Yes. The man is either posing or supposing all the time."--Washington Star. He ]Felt the .Dls~ee, "I see since Packman has been em- ployed on the yellow Journals, his father has refused t~ recognize him." "Indeed! What does his father do?" "He's serving a life term at Sing Sing."--Llfe. A L~ek of Celerity. "Don't you think that a public man should devote himself to study of hls country's history and its present needs," "Well," answered Senator Sorghum, "all that is interesting. But it is a mighty slow way to get office.'~Wash- in&ton Star. Will Succeed Alien. William H. Hunt, who will succeed Charles H. Allen as governor of Porto Rico Sept 1, has been secretary of the island under Governor Allen and is thoroughly familiar with its affairs. He Was born in New Orleans forty- four years ago and is the fourth son of the late William Henry Hunt, who was Secretary of the Navy in the cab- inets of Presidents Garfield and Ar- thur, and minister to Russia. The greater part of his life, however, has been passed in Montana, where he has held prominent political positions ever since he was 27 years old. Mr. Hunt was educated at Yale, but ill health prevented the completion of his course. As a recompense for this loss of a degree and as a tribute to his later successes, Yale Univershy made him an honorary master of arts in 1896. In 1884 he was elected attorney general of Montana, and he was a member Of the constitutional conven- tion when the State was admitted to . B_ t-~hl' the Union. Four years later he served in the Legislature, and since then he has held important judicial positions tn the State. ~ar~hip~ on t~e Lal(e~. By the Rush-Bagot treaty, or "agreement" of 1817, neither Great Britain nor the United States can maintain on the great lakes more than four small armed vessels, lnclud. lug one on Lake Ontario and one on Lake Champlain. No such vessel may exceed 100 tons burden, nor may it~ armament exceed one eighteen-pound cannon. "And no other vessels of war shall be there built or armed." t is stipulated that either party may terminate this agreement by giv- ing six months' notice, and there is a demand In certain quarters that our government give this notlqe and re- sume the right to build war vessels on the lakes without restrictions of any kind. / On.ted from 7~u~,r~a. When a newspaper man accepts of the hospitality of the Russian govern- ment and is given every chance to ~udge Russian life and character, and then, as soon as he gets out of range of Russian influence denounces the Russians and their form of govern- ment he is not likely to retain the good opinion of men in general and these he has wronged in particular. The Russian government claims that George Kennan, who has Just been ex- pelled from Russian territory, has basely betrayed the confidences here- tofore reposed in him because he was an American, by publishing falsehoods about Russia's penal system--false- hoods that have been repeatedly dis- proved by reputable American writers such as John W. Bookwalter, Dr. T. DeWitt Talmage, William E. Curtis and other{L Kennan went to Russia, lately, knSwlng full well that he would he expelled. His visit is supposed to have some connection with an intrigue which has for its object the creation of ill-feeling between Russia and the United States. In Russia Kennan Is regarded as an Englishman in pay of the British foreign office; otherwise he would not have been deported. For years Dr.-R. Johnson Held of New York had been preparing an ex- haustive treatise on diseases of the eye, ear and nose. The other evening he completed the last ,~ the 6,532 type- written pages, and with a sigh of satis- faction sat back in his chair to enjoy a cigar. He fell off into a nap, from which he awoke to find that the burn- ing end of his perfecto had ignited the cloth of a table on which he had laid the manuscript.. The pages were nearly all consumed and lay in a heap of ashes. Mm. William J. Bryan has erected handsome monument to the memory of her father, John Baird, who died reeee~y. The stone Is of granite from Massachusetts and has been set up In the family lot in Wyuka cemetery, near IAneola. Nob.