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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
August 22, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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August 22, 1901

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7 Ths rebuke administered to Rear I ~e el e II/~-~.~~' ~L41~dral Robley D. Evans by the Navy ( .......................... -~ I i~~~~--~-- ~ "~ tarp, but if the admiral is wise he utS~ aT. [ ! " ,e-..~ - - ~ ] ill accept it in silence and be thank- We all know that certainplants ab- ] _ . .. sore and llve on insects, but it has I ~. ...... ~ | only recently been discovered that I . ~ _ i II that his indiscretion brought no ~rae punishment. He should be glad ~dtatMr. Chandler isan ex-senatorand there are some curious species of i~,an active member of congress, ~erwise the matter undoubtedly |;WOuld have been made the subject of |t congressional inquiry. The best L~ng Admiral Evans can do is to re- ,lYe to criticize no prominent man I~hlle still living, especially if he be Mr. Chandler's temperament. This ~Primand ought to have a salutary ~cet in checking the kind of offense f which Admiral Evans was guilty. [e used the pages of his book to air grudge of sixteen years' standing L~ainst the man who was Secretary of ;he Navy at the time of Evans' remov- al from the lighthouse board. There laa been too much public criticism by r~tval omcers of late. ! The Navy Department has formally li~ctified the admiral that when he at- ~tCked the former head of the navy ~ile "abandoned the courtesy that t'~OUld always characterize an oflle~r ~f the navy." This Judgment will be by the great majority of citizens. The only solace Evans is likely to get out of episode is in the form of larger for his book. Many people will Want to read the volume that could down upon its author such a Mr. Edmond de Nevers, a French- not long ago published a called "The American Spirit." work seems to have been named ~n the principle by which a middle- aged writer headed a chapter "Of the Snakes of Iceland," and then said: "There are no snakes in Iceland." So ~r. Nevers, holding that a national is simply a matter of heredity, ~ds the American stock so mixed that e concludes with a doubt that it pos- Sesses any distinctive spirit. Yet every American knows there is rebuke.--Chicago Tribune. REAR ADMIRAL ROBLEY D. EVANS ~he American ~Vl~irH. such a spirit, and sees and feels it daily. A writer in the current Inde- pendent, commenting on Mr. Nevers' book, takes the common view that the great solvent of other national spirits into the American is the language. If this were the case our American spirit would be little different from the Eng- lish, for our language is the same. Yet we all know that the two are wide- ly different. How and why have we managed to develop a ~ational spirit of our own? Theodore *Roosevelt, in his recent address at Colorado Springs, gave the answer when he said we had The Cen,ror in Sor.t h Affr!ca. applied to our conditions "the new principles of national unity and in- dividual freedom."--Chlcago Intez Ocean. Our Idle Land#. The recen1~ opening of the Klowa reservation in Oklahoma is currently spoken of as "the last chance for free homes." Uncle Sam has by no means so completely divided his property as that phrase would imply. The trann- Mississippi congress, Just held at Crip- ple Creek, Colo., opportunely calls at- tention to the fact that in the west- ern states alone there are fully 100,- 000,000 ~acres still open to homestead entry. In 1890 the average size of the American farms was 137 acres. As they had then shown an average de- crease since 1850 of nearly two acres a year, their average size now is prob- ably about 125 acres. At this rate the western homestead lands afford room for 800,000 more farms. It is true that much of these lands is not arable. On the other hand, much of them is cer- tainly better suited for farming and stock raising than the Kiowa r~erv- ation.~N. Y. Sun. Wafer in E~.o~ and America. Statistics gathered by the state de- partment concerning the consumption of water used in European and Amer- ican cities afford opportunities for some interesting comparisons. Paris uses 106.65 gallons daily, Berlin 19.27, Vienna 27 and Brussels 26.4. In Chicago the avera~ consumption is 145 gallons per capita every day, in Buffalo it is 240 gallons, in Cleveland 138 gallons, in Washington 190 gallons and in Detroit 135 gallons. The larger consumption of water m American cities is due, it is claimed, in a large measure to waste. In most European cities the water is filtered, and precau- tions are taken against unnecessary usage of it. lqone .for Impro~m~ ~er. The Mississippi river commi~ibn, a board of engineers and citizen~ orga~n- ized under an act of congress, will recommend that the sum of $8,000,000 a year shall be expended for six years on the work which they have in charge, ., ~-, . ,.~ Facsimile of the first page of a let- declares the blacking-out process ter from London Daily Mail war car- adopted by the censor would not be ~espondent after it had passed through tolerated even in Russia, where abso- ?~e censor's hands. The Daily Mail lutism holds full sway. Honored by Vrzltan of Sulu. Miss Marie Sweet of Denver'is prob- 4ably the only Caucasian woman In the World who has received a pre~ent of Pearls from the sultan of Sulu. Gen-~ i~l Owen J. Sweet, her father, is gov- ernor of the Sulu archipelago, over Which Hadji Mohammed .is the native rUler. All the pearls found In the Waters of the Sulus' sea are the prop- rty of the crown. The sultan, who ~ent the pearls to Miss Sweet, as a ~aark of honor to her father, dis- ~atched with them a letter written in Sanskrit on parchment, rolled, after the manner of the ancient papyrus and ealed with the royal seal. This was the first letter ever written by the sultan to a woman as the ladies of his country are not communicated with by means of writing. Miss Sweet added the pearls to an already large and fine collection, sent her at vari- ous times by her father. i~. Cuneo, editor of the Wyandot Re- Dtlbiican, Upper Sandusky, O., has left for Turin, Italy, to assume the duties consul for the United States govern- ~ent0 to which position he was recent- ly appointed by President McKinley. ~r. Cuneo is said to be the only Italian l~ this country who is the publisher of an English newspaper. He was born la Naples, and has not seen his native land since he left it fifty-two years ago. Henry H. Rogers has presented to the Unitarian Society of Fairhaven, ~ass., achurch, parish house and par- ~nage as a memorial to his mother, ~ary Rogers. The cornerstone of the Church was laid on last Monday after- Itoon. The group of buildings wlll be One of the most beautiful of the kind hi the country. " ' .......... " MISS MARIE SWEET. plants that actually devour animal food when given them In small mar- l alsel The leaves I SiftErs-1 ~Af these queer ~.r~x~a~~.::~ plants appear in Ik'~t~,~,.~l*;/Idoubiets, nke oys- I ~."~l!li- ~\\%~.7'#" iter valves. This I ~~ Iduble leaf is L "~ |~_ |closed up from its base to within about three-quarters of its entire length. In the front part it is der tached, the two pointed tops forming, ea it were, a pair of lips, or a mouth, which the plant can open at will In- side this mouth is a kind of passage or throat @hich extends toward the body of the plant. The passage has a number of hairy bits about it, which are very fuzzy, and at the end of each bit there is a sticky substance. When the plant opens Its mouth, It is evident ];hat the trap is then set, for upon ny insect entering it the lips close upon it a~'once, forcing it to the gummy substance of the throat. ','his sub- stance has properties similar to those contained in the gastric Juices of the human stomach, which help to deCOm- Pose and digest the food. When so di- gested the food resolves itself into a liquid which is carried all over the plant to nourish and revive it. The most marvelous thing about this newly discovered species is that it can di- gest such food as small morsels of beef, fish and egg gelatin, some of which, dropped into the open leaf, were retained and apparently digested. At the same time anything of a starchy or fatty substance the leaf or plant ts not eble to retain. It does not therefore, close its lips upon it, and if allowed to remain in the mouth the plant will decay. Ixtbmux of" Tebuantepec "Rail- How many of our readers have ever heard of the railway across the Isth- mus of Tehuantepec? And yet here Is a railway across the narrowest part of Mexico which is pretkaring to enter the competition for the great east and west trade of the world. The road traverses what was one of the original caravan routes across the continent. The far-seeing Corte~ may he said to have been its original pro- Je6tor, though he lived long before the day of locomotives, which are now drawing a daily passenger train across the isthmus. Petroleum has been dis. covered on the route, which is to re. place coal for fuel in the engines. The Tehuantepec Railway is only 190 miles long, from Coatzacoalcos on the Gulf of Mexico to Salina Cruz on the Pacific. Its highest point is only 750 feet above the sea level. The cli- mate is tropical but healthy. It was originally proposed to construct a ship railway across--the continent at this place, but the plan was abandoned in favor of the ordinary railway. An Ancient Canoe ~tc4 U'p. This prehistoric canoe was dug up in a bog about five miles from Dun- gannon, County Tyrone. It is scooped out of an oak trunk, is six feet long, three feet wide and eighteen inches deep. It has a ring shape at the bow, evidently for mooring and ,haulage, and also two lugs at the stern. The DUG UP IN IRISH BOG. old man on the right is the man who The present rebellion in the Repub- lic of Colombia is likely to involve the governments of Colombia and Vene- zula in war. There is a contingency which might Jnvolve the United States in difficul- ties with foreign countries. Both Ven- ezuela and Colombia have large for- eign debts, on most of which interest has not been paid for years. Bonds representing th~s indebtedness are held chiefly by England and Holland. If, in order to protect these bondholders from further loss by a disastrous war, either of these nations should inter- fere it is probable that the Monroe doc- trine would be involved and the United States would cry "Hands off." In the meantime it may be well to explain that the popular idea that this ~s a mere farce comedy revolution is not altogether well founded. In the first place the territory of the Repub- lic of Colombia is ten times as large as that of the Stets of Illinois, while its population is only 6,000, against 4,800,000 in Illinois. In the second place the attacks on the present gov- e!;nment of Colombia have been so many during recent years that" the Co- lombian army has been greatly en- larged. It is now said ~o consist of up- ward of 40,000 well-drilled and experi- enced soldiers, who are under the command of able generals. The gov- ernment is conservative, and its friends say that it is devoted to build- ing up the trade ana commerce of the republic. On the other hand, even his bitterest enemies admit that General Uribe- Urine, the revolutionist leader (report- ed dead, but report is not credited) is a man of spotless personal character, who is actuated by the purest motives. GENERAL URIBE-URIBE. He is at the same time one of the most picturesque characters ever developed on the isthmus. He is only 40 years old, tall, athletic, and unsmiling. There is nothing of the adventurer or swashbuckler in his appearance. He is a man who takes everything seri- otLsly and who knows how to work hard and to dare greatly. He came to the United States last February with a number of his staff, including R. Perez, his private secretary, whose wife is a Chicago girl. Even at that time the revolution was well under way, and General Uribe-Uribe directed its operations for severaI ~veel~s from his Broadway hotel. While in this country he made friends with many )rominent business men, who were impressed with his plain sincerity and his patriotic fervor. Uribe-Urlbe was born up in the mountains of Antochia, in the interior ~f Colombia and on the crest of the Andes. His mother was famous for her beauty, while his father was an ~thlete and rancher. Many patriots and fighters for liberty have been born in the mountains, and the friends of Uribe-Urlbe point out that hm was the proper birthplace for a man destined to rescue his country from the hands ~f "corrupt and tyrannical politicians." While a hay he was taught by his tather to break and ride the wild horses of the hills, to take long tramps over the mountain trails, and to en- dure the hardships of camp life in the, high wilderness. So he acquired th~ splendid physique and the courage which has enabled him to win no lees than forty-six pitched battles, coming off victorious and scatheless in every one he has been engaged in. In the meantime his ambitious par- ents saw that the boy's education was not neglected. After he had finished at the little mountain school he was sent to the great national university of Bogota, the capital of Clombia, which is also a mountain city located far in the interior and thousands of feet above the sea level. Here the young man graduated and then went back to his mountain home to practlc~ his profession as a Iawyer. Almost im- mediately he was chosen by his fellow- townsmen to represent his native town in the national Chamber of Deputies, corresponding to the lower house of Congress in this country. Urlb~, l~ribe soon developed great powers as, an orator writer, and leader in the House. ~he Conservative party was tn~ control of the government, and Urib~ thundered in vain in favor of a free press, free speech, and free education. These reforms were resisted by the government, and finally the people of Uribe-Uribe's mountain home r~t~e in revolt. Their first revolution was in 1876, and Uribe threw himself at once, into their cause. He soon won a wide reputation as a brave and able soldier. A second revolt occurred in 1885, and in this struggle Uribe won great fame. becoming the leader of the insurgent. forces. Time and time again, at the head of only 300 mountaineers, Uribe won vic- tories over larger numbers of govern- ment troops. Once when a few of'the men under his command mutinied Uribe shot the leader with his owa hand and reduced the other to submis- sion in a few minutes. Finally he was captured and thrown Into prison. When he was brOught to trial his defense was so logical and eloquent that he was acquitted with- out a moment's hesitation. In the latter part of 1899 another in- surrection broke out at the head of which Uribe proml~tly placed himself During this struggle, which has heart almost continuous ever since, Urib~ performed many feats of daring and heroism. On one occasion the rebel army lay on one side of a stream fac- ing a greater force of the enemy. A narrow bridge formed the only passage way over the deep river. Uribe final- ly announced that at a certain hour he personally, with the first ten volun- teers, would cross that bridge and lead a charge on the unsuspecting army. The first volunteer was a negro ser- geant, whom Uribe took by the hand, and, leading him out before his army, cried out: "Soldiers, this is Ser$~ant Zuleta, who will cross the bridge. hand in hand with me. I name him Captain for his bravery." Forthwith the whole rebel army vol-~, unteered, and when the time cam~ the general and the negro sergeant led what proved to be a successful charge against the rebel army. During hls stay in the United Stat~ General Urlbe-Urlbe was anxious to explain what led him to take up a~rm~ against the government of his native land. He declared that personal ambi- tion had nothing to do with it. O~t the conthary, he declared he was fight- ing for the oppressed people of Co- lombia. In answer the friends of the present government enter va general denial They say that the frequent revolutions have been the cause of the deprecia- tion of the currency, and they declare Uribe to be a fraud and an ally o Dictator Castro of Venezuela, whose idea it Is to combine Equador, Vene~ zuela, and Colombia Into one govern- ment, with himself at the head as Em- peror. They say that Uribe is in th~ pay of British bondholders. discovered the canoe. In the same bog a woman's body was discovered in a ~ remarkable state of preservation. Ac- cording to medical opinion it has lain ~ "1~ ~; had preserved it. ~be ~ of A~omat#o~r. Among all the historical misstate- monte of events in the civil war few '~~~ ~~ ~~ have obtained more general credence, south as well as north, .than the thea- trical~tory of General Lee's pro~er of his sword ~ General Grant after the ~~~ ~~ surrender at Appomatox and the lat- ter's chllvairous declination of it. Re- ~'~n~~- ~.~s~l~. --- _ oo o-- .r story afresh and gave it a new lease of life in a printed sketch in which she ' ~: "" says General Lee offered his sword to General Grant when he surrendered and the latter "did not keep it as a trophy but respectfully returned it to the hand which had made its fame as deathless as that of Exculibur." But General Grant himself settled this matter beyond all dispute. In his memoirs he says: "No conversation~ not a word--p~ssed between General Lee and myself, either about private property, side arms, or kindred sub- Jects. The much-talked-of surrender- ing of Lee's sword and my handling it back~this anu much more that has been, said about It--is tlm pttre~ ro- mance." UNITED STATES CO NSULATE AT COLON. MUCH IN LITTLE. By October 1 Washington will be re- ceiving its water supply from a new reservoir. Deciduous trees are shedding their leaves six weeks earlier than in ordi- nary seasons. The Irtmh river, in Siberia, is 2,200 "miles i~ length and drains 600,000 miles of territory. Before the war broke out there were 187 ~n1,~ mining companies doing busi- aess in the Transvaal. Help" to Support John Etull. At a rough estimate the total amount of income taxes which Americans in England are compelled to pay for John Bull's support is $5,000,000 a year. All whose incomes are below $800 a year escape free. Philadelphia's Vote. The vote of .philadelphia at the spring election was: Republican, 127,- 000; Democranc, 30,000; Reform, 1~,- 000; Prohibition, 983, and Social~t, 842.