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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
September 5, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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September 5, 1901

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! __ I I I I imm FATAL RAILROAD CCIDENT NEAl CHAMA, NEW MEXICO Durango, Colo., Aug. 29.--(Denver ~epublican Special.)--By the derailing and overturning of a Pullman sleeper on the Denver &~io Grande west- bound express, near Charon, New Mex- ico, this afternoon, Mother Baptiste, head of the order of Sisters of Mercy in Colorado, was instantly killed, Sis- ter Nora of Denver, her companion, fatally injured, and Marley McCoy re- ceived injuries which caused his death at the hospital. Pullman Conductor J. ~. When was badly hurt about the hips and his legs arb paralyzed. Miss Nellie Lewis of Silverton, and the porter, the only oth- er persons in the car, escape4 with slight scratches and bruises. The rest of the train remained on the track and none of those on the other cars were injured. While rounding the curve four miles east of Chama, at a point near the high trestle over Wolff creek, the Pull- man car left the track iu some manner as yet unaccountable to emptoyes. There were six people In the car at the time it went oveP. falling broadside on almost level ground, having Just emerged from a cut about 200 feet from the trestle, which is 100 feet high. Mother Baptiste, head of the order of the Sisters of Mercy of Colorado, was thrown head first through the window on the other side, which struck the ground. As the car dragged along her skull was crushed and death was evidently instant. In the seat opposite her was Sister Nora of Denver, who was accompany- ing the mother. She was caught be- tween the car and the ground, having several ribs broken and being severely injured internally. She is at Mercy story of what took place. She lost her valise, pocketbook and other small ef- fects in tim car, but says she is very thankful for escaping death. U. D. McDowell, M. D., medical in- spector of the State Board of Health, was in one of the coaches and was one of the first to enter the wrecked ear ;through a hole made by an axe. The rest of the passengers worked with willing hands and soon had the injured out, but it took some time to remove the body of Sister Baptiste, as a por- tion of the body was out of'and under the car. Dr. McDowell administered opiates and at once set about stopping the flow of blood from McCoy, who was becom- ing weak. The agent at Charon was notified and assistance from that place secured. The dead and injured were brought to Durango, arriving at 7 this evening, and all were taken to Mercy hospital. The condition of McCoy was seen to be precarious. He had been drinking heavily, it is stated, and the opiate had but little influence for some time, hence it was hard to handle him in his crazed condition and an operation could not be attempted. McCoy was en route to Silverton with a pugilist named McDonald, where a fight is ad- vertised to take place Saturday night, McCoy backing McDonald. At first he did not want to give his name to the train crew. McDonald stopped off and assisted in looking after his wants. Mr. When, the Pullman conductor, is a young man and has a wife residing in Denver. Sister Baptiste is well known all over the state. Durango was a favorite hospital and late to-night the doctors place with her and she was coming report her case very serious and likely here in response to a message announc- to die. " ]ing the dangerous illness of Sister In a seat farther ahead in the car Mary Charles, whose life hangs by a was Harley McCoy, noted for having slender thread and who cannot live killed Captain Hawley in Denver some I another twenty-four hours, so those in years ago. He was asleep at the charge state. As yet the sick woman time. has not been informed as to why the In the center of the car was Miss reverend mother has not called to see Nellie Lewis, bound for Silverton her. Sister Baptiste founded the Du- When the car tipped she was thrown t range hospital about eighteen years over, and realizing her predicament, t ago. She had charge of several other grabbed the railing of the seat with I institutions in the state, which she also both hands and steadied herself while founded. She was about fifty-five the car was being tossed almut. She I years of age. fortunately eseaped with only a slight J McCoy died at Mercy hospital during cut on one finger, She told a graphic thenight. ~b+++++++++++++'~I-+++++.~++~.~o-V.t.+ +~ ~ +~. SCIENTISTS ELECT OFFICERS AND WILL MEET AT PITTSBURfi Denver, Aug. 30.--The general com- mittee in session last night at the Brown Palace elected the following officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science: President--Asaph Hall, Harvard Uni- versity. General Seeretary--D. T. MacDougal, New York Botanical Gardens. Secretary of Council--Dr. Henry B. B. Ward, University of Nebraska. Permanent Secretary--Dr. L. O. Howard, United States entomologist. Assistant Permanent Secretary--Dr. Richard S. Clifton, Department of Ag- riculture. Treasurer--Professor R. S. Wood- ward, Columbia. Vice presidents and secretaries re- spectively of sections: Mathematics and Astronomy--D. W. Hough, Northwestern University; E. S. Crawley, University of Pennsylvania. Physics--W. S. Franklin, Dehigh Uni- versity; E. T. Nichols, Ohio State Uni- versity. Chemistry--H. A. Weber, Ohio State University; F. C. Phillips, Western University, Pennsylvania. Mechanical Science and Engineering --J. F. Flather, University of Minneso- ta; O. A. Waldo, Purdue University. Geology--O. A. Derby, Sac Paulo, Brazil; F. P. Gulliver, Southboro, Massachusetts. Zoology--C. C. Nutting, Iowa State University; C. W. Stiles, Department of Agriculture. Anthropology--Stewart Culln, Uni- versity of Pennsylvania; H. T. Smith, American Museum of Natural History. Social Science--Carroll D. Wright, United States commissioner of labor; W. F. Wilcox, Cornell. Experimental Medicine nnd Science-- Dr. W. W. Welch, Johns Hopkins Uni- versity; Dr. F. S. Lee, Columbia. The next regular meeting of the as- sociation will be held at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, during the week com- mencing June 25, 1902. The outgoing committee recommends that the meet- ing of 1903 be held at Washington dur- ing the first week in January, in the in- terest of a movement purposing the bringing together of all scientific bodies In the United States in midwinter con- vocation. The council and such sections as may desire will hold a business meeting at Chicago the first week in January, 1902. Nebraska Republican Nominations Lincoln, Neb., Ang. 29.--The Repub- lican state convention yesterday nomi- nated this ticket: Justice of the Supreme Court--Sam- net Sedgwick of York county. Regents of the University--Carl J. Erfist of Lancaster, H. L. Gould of Kelth. The action of Governor Savage in paroling from the penitentiary former State Treasurer Joseph H. Bartley fur- nished, as was expected, the only real excitement of the convention. An ef- fort to dispose of the vexed question of an indorsement or disapproval of the governor's action outside the conven- tion signally failed. Supporters of the governor dld suc- ceed iu having all resolutions referred to the committee on platform without debate, but the committee itself report- ed in turn against the parole, and, while not impugning the motives of the governor, demanded the return of the ex-treasurer to the penitentiary, and was sustained by the convention. A Warning ]From Kentucky. Cheyenne, Wy0., Aug. 30.--Allan N. Cisco of West Liberty, Morgan county, Kentucky, in an open letter to the Wyo- ming Tribune, warns the assassins of Willie Nickel, that friends and rela- tives of the family in Kentucky will not tolerate any further attack upon the Nickel family. After denouncing the murderers In powerful language, Oisco concludes Ms letter as follows: "We, the friends of the Nickel family right now warn the hyenas who are seeking the life of Kels P. Nickel and his little boys that they have gone far enough, and that we don't intend for that filmily to be slaughtered. If such a thing happens there will be another flay. Again, we say to those murder- ers and assassins, beware." Kels P. Nickel is rapidly recovering from the bullet wounds received three weeks ago, and has been able to leave the hospital. ~iennlai Conclave Closes. Louisville, Ky., Aug. 30.--After elect- ing officers and selecting San Francis- eo as the place of meeting the first "tuesday in September, 1904, the twen- ty-eighth triennial conclave of Knights Templar, which has been in progress here since Tuesday, yesterday adjourn- ed to the date set. The festivities came to g climax at a magnificent ball held at the horse show building. The election of officers occupied the gTeater part of yesterday's session. In the selection of the grand Junior war- den and grand recorder occurred the only contests. By an election said to have been un. precedented for celerity, Frank H. Thomas, past grand cammander of the District of Columbia, was elevated by the grand encampment to the office of Junior grand warden. Other officers were advanced one grade as follows: H. B. Stoddard of Bryan, Texas, dep- uty grand master, to grand master. George H. Moulton of Chicago, grand generalissimo, to deputy grand master. Roy. H. W. Rugg of Providence, Rhode Island, captain general, to grand generalissimo. W. B. Mellish, Cincinnati, grand sen-~. ior warden, to captain general. Joseph A. Locke, Portland, Maine, junior grand warden to senior grand warden. Automobile Crosses the Range, Denver, Aug. 30.--The automobile has crossed the crest of the Rocky Mountains and now all that remain~ is to make the journey down the op- posite side of the range to show that the horseless vehicle can go anywhere. J. E. Barnes of this city, who under- took lhetask of riding from Denver to Leadville, has succeeded. He reached the Cloud City in his automobile on Wednesday. Leaving Denver he went to Palmer Lake, Woodland Park, Divide, Florls- sent, Hartsel, Buena Vista. Granite and finally Lea~lville, thus being the first person to climb the top of the range iu an automobile. Revising the Confession. Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 30.--The Pres- byterian committee on the revision of the Westminster confession held two executive sessions yesterday and made important progress. Dr. Johnson's sec- tion has been engaged upon a short statement of the reformed faith. Dr. Dickey's section has devoted its time to amendments to the confession by a declaratory statement. Dr. Niccol's section has made progress In outlining a statement suplementary to the con- fession respecting the love of Go~I for the world arvl for missions. LABOR DAY OBSERVED IN COLORADO TOWNS Denver, Sept. 3.--NearIy seven thous- and union laborers m'n'ched through the streets for nearly an hour yester- day morning. All the town was out to see the show and all tile town voted it the best, largest and most enthusiastic parade ever seen in Denver. The 1)arade was full of features, and the organizations vtere, for the great part, in handsome uniforms. The .prize banner given by William Cooke Dan- iels last year for the best appearing and marching union in the parade stim- ulated the enthusiasm to the highest pitch. It was won by the carpenters' union, the largest iu the city. The painters, the winners of last year, and the bricklayers, who had been expected oy many to win the vietm'y, were es- pecially commended 1)3' the judges, Captain H. D. Smith. Cohmel Edward Verdeckburg "rod Captain Sclmeider. The deeislou was popular, and was greeted with cheers. (~olorado Springs, Colo., Sept. 3--The Pueblo union labor organizations join- ed with those of Colorado Springs in a great demonstration here yesterday. Delegations from the Pueblo unions began arriving about 9:30 and were met at the depot by committee, s from Colorado SI)rings unions. They formed the first division of the parade, headed by Chief of Police King and a platoon of local officers. Then e'nne the cove- boy band in uniform. This is the orig- inal cowboy b'lnd that has brought so much faille to Pueblo. Organized la- bor of Pueblo was represented by workers in every branch of trade. All were in noby and attractive uniform, wearing badges designating their unions. At the head of every organiza. tion was carried the banner of the or- der. At the head of the second division was the Colorado Midland band, Its ragtime music bringing cheers from the spectators. This hand, which re- cently became unionized, proudly dis- played its b'mner. The greatest show- ing in the 1)aradc was made by the lo- cal union of carpenters, about 500 of them being in line. The third division was led t)y the Colorado City Band. followed by the several labor org'mizations of that city. Floats tllroughout the parade were the finest ever seen in a Labor Day parade in this city. Tile miners' float represented a mine in full blast, wit:h worklnen operating the mines. The carpenters, printers and black- emiths had immense working models of the foremost implements of ~daeir ,trades. Cripple Creek, Colo., Sept. 3.--Labor Day was observed for the Cripple Creek district in this city. The parade which moved down Bennett avenue at 10:30 o'clock, was ~tlte largest ever seen in the carol). It was ferry-five minutes in passing a given point and by actual count cont'lined 2/200 union workers. The day was wholly enjoyable, the weather ideal, and not an incident oc- curred to umr the celebration of the day set apart for the laboring man to revel in his strength. As usual, these exercises were con- ducted in Pinnacle park at Cameron, and between 8,000 and 10,000 partici- pated in them. The capacity of the rolling stock of the railroad was the only limit placed on the crowd, and to transfer the large number of people everything available, from palaee to flat ears, was brought into requisition. Canon City, Colo., Sept. 3.--At au early hour yesterday morning the streets were filled with people from the surrounding country, moving in all sorts of conveyances. Trains were de- layed a'little, but shortly after 10 o'clock they com,nenced to pull in, each ear loaded to the guards. The va- rious local unions in fine uniforms pre- ceded by the splendid Peabody. Mill- taxy Band, headed the procession in tile march to the ~lepot to receive the visitors. After a few remarks by For- mer Attorney General Joseph H. Mau- pin, he introduced Mayor James H. Peabody, who weleomed the visitors and in conclusion turned over to them th}~ keys of the city. The parade was a large one and many elegant turnonts were noticed in the line, among which were the car- riages from the penitentiary elaborate= ly trimmed and under the direction of Warden "Jack" Martin and escorted by numerous penitentiary guards. Floats representing the various local unions in this city and Florence were also conspicuous. The crowd was one of the best natured and orderly that ever visited any city on a gala day. Leadville, Colo., Sept. 3.--The princi- pal feature of Labor Day celebration yesterday was a rock drilling contest between some of the foremost ham- mers of the West. The result of the contest was a victory for Hupps and Lindquist of Ouray, who broke the world's record in Gunnison granite by drilling forty-one and one-half inches in fifteen minutes. Malley of Lead- ville and Chamberlain of Cripple Creek took second money with thirty-nine ~and one-half inches. The best record heretofore made in Gunnlson granite was by Chamberlain and Andregg of Cripple Creek made here last year, they making thirty-nine and seventeen thirty-seconds inches. Ouray, Colo., Sept. 3.--Labor Day was celebrated yesterday vtith large numbers from the country and adja- cent cities. Business was entirely sus- pended and public offices closed. The celebration was under the auspices of the Miners' Union, which turned out in the procession 300 in number. The exercises were in Chipeta park, one mile below the city, and addresses were made by the Hen. John C. Bell, Hen. John M. O'Neil of Victor, Judge The- ton Stevens and IIon. W. S. Buckley )f k'elluride. The Telluride and Ouray oaseball teams played a match game with the score sixteen to two in favor ~f the Telluride team. A roast ox was served at the barbecue. The celebra- tion closed with a grand free ball at the opera house. California Labor Demonstration. $ San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 3.--Labor Day was celebrated in this city yester- day by a parade of workingmen, in which it is estimated that not less than 20,000 members of the various unions participated. During the afternoon there were literary exercises at the Mechanic's pavilion, COLORADO NOTES. In 1890 the death rate in Denver was 22.0 and in 1900 the death rate had de- creased to 18.6. The Socialist Labor ~)arty in Denver has nominated a full county ticket for the fall campaign. The Prohibitionsts of Colorado are Preparing to agitate the submission of a temperance amendment. Three thousand dollars has been raised in subscriptions for the forma- tion of a polo club in Colorado Springs. On his short private visit to Boulder August 26th, W. J. Bryan spoke to a small impromtu gathering in the court room. Normal institutes throughout the state this year report a large attend- ance and good work done. The profes- sional spirit in teachers seems to be In- creasing. Francis Truth, the so-called "healer," who has been operating in Denver and who was arrested on several charges, has agreed to go out of the business in Denver and endeavor to get heeled in some other vocation. Mrs. Mattie Wilson has been appoint- ed county superintendent of schools by the county commissioners of Fremont county. She succeeds the late super- intendent, J. M. Hanks, who died re- cently, and is a sister of Mr. Hanks. Governor Orman has issued a requi- sition on the governor of Oregon for the return to Fort Collins of Mike Ber- ry, the bicycle thief, who made his es- cape from the Fort Collins jail some day~ ago, and is now under arrest in that state. "k grocery, a boarding tent, a book store and postoffice, a church, and nearly 200 families living in tents fill- ed with several hundreds of people" is the inventory a morning paper gives of the Seventh Day Adventists' camp meeting in Denver. If satisfactory arrangements can be made with the American Sugar Beet and Irrigated Land Company for 20,000 acres of land under the reservoirs north of Lamar, a colony of 500 families from the eastern and central states will be located there at once. Richard ttumphrey, an old resident of Coal Creek, committed suicide Au- gust 26th, by shooting himself through the heart. He was sixty-one years of age and leaves a wife and several children. He had been suffering from an abcess in the brain caused by in- Juries received In a mine. August was the heaviest month of tourist travel Colorado has ever known, if the baggage records at the union de- pot in Denver are a correct index. The number of pieces handled was 103,568, while for July it was but 100,830. This is also an increase over August of last year of 13,980 pieces. The Beaver Creek Reservoir Com- pany has been incorporated at Fort Collins with Philip Wilson, E. J. Grog. cry and Charles A. Bulton as incor- porators. The purpose of the corpora- tion Is to construct and maintain six reservoirs above the source of Beav- er creek In Imrimer county. B. F. Rockafellow, proprietor of the Fruitmere farm, recently sent a box of apples to Secretary Shute of the State Horticultural Board. After she had selected a dozen for preservation purposes, she sent the remainder to all the offices in the capitol building. And when the woman had given them apples they all ate. Mr. O. M. ttobbs, purchasing agent of the Denver & Rio Grande railway, and Mrs. Hobbs left August 30th for a six months' tour in central and south- ern Europe. The major portion of their time probably will be spent in Switzer- land and northern Italy. Mr. Hobbs' lecture, "Colorado vs. Switzerland," has made him well known and popular In all parts of the state. John Bradford and Brick Price, cat- tlemen living six miles of Erie, en- gaged in an argument a few days since. They exchanged blows and finally resorted to firearms~ & couple of shots were exchanged but no harm was done. Bradford is the man whose cabin was riddled by bullets some two months ago by unknown parties. A Mancos dispatch to the Denver News, dated August 26th, says: At 11:30 this mom~ing an electFic bolt killed a valuable horse ridden by At. thur Spencer and Spencer himself is at the point of death. Hyde Fielding, who was riding beside him, was stunned and thrown from his horse. The accident occurred about one mile east of town. A waterspout a'short distance south of Trinidad caused considerable trou- ble on the afternoon of September 1st, Waves three feet high rushed down Commercial street, sending everything before them. A horse hitched in front of the Southern hotel was knocked off its feet. The new stone culvert on South Commercial street was wrecked. The foundation for the fine three-story double building being erected Just east of the First National bank was badly wrecked. Huge boulders were carried hundreds of yards by the rushing tor- rents. A number of business houses were flooded as much as a foot or more by the water, and in the lower part of the city a considerable part of the city was inundated. The storm only lasted a short time, but sneh a flood has not been seen before for years. The Colorado State Grange has ar- ranged for a harvest picnic and excur- sion to take place on Wednesday, Sep- tember llth, in which all the subordin- ate granges in the state are expected to participate. The picnic will be held on the grounds of the State Agrieul- rural College at Fort Collins, and the Colorado & Southern will run special excursion trains to the grounds on that day for the accommodation of all who wish to attend. The program for the day Is a varied one and includes a pic- nic dinner in tile grove, instrumental and vocal music and addresses by lead- ing members of the State Grange and others. Dr. B. Ayl(~worth, president of the college, will deliver the address of welcome, to whieh Hen. J. F. White of the State Grange will respond. Pro- lessor L. G. Carpenter, director af the United States experiment station, mien. James M. Platte of Boulder, Hen. J. S. Newcomb of Golden, master of the State Grange, will also address those in attendance. At the conclusion of the regular grange program the new college flag and flag-staff will be dedi- cated, Hen.. W. R. Thomas of Denver, a member of the State Board ot~ Agri. _~ture, dellrering the addreu. ~TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES, Spain is building six new warship|. There are 1,700 Indians in Arizona owning farms. Marquis Ito of Japan has abandoned his proposed American tour. Senator Lodge of Massachusetts and his family are in St. Petersburg. The United States average exports of 750,000 tons of coal per month. Plans are under way for an unbrok- en electric railway across the state of New York. Duluth flour mills are preparing to make 10,000 barrels of flour every twenty-four hours. A report'of the British government shows there are now 118,497 persons in the refugee camps in South Africa. The tenth annual session of the con- catenated order of Hoe Hoes has been called to meet at Norfolk, Virginia, September 9th. Colonel J. H. Haverly, whose fame in minstrelsy is world-wide, is danger- ously ill at St. Mark's hospital in Salt Lake City of heart trouble. The strike at Senator W. A. Clark's big United Verde copper mining I}lant at Jerome, Arizona, is ended, and ths ~lant is again in full blast. It is now thought that the monument for Benjamin Harrison will be in the form of an arch, to cost $200,000. Over $30,000 has already been raised. The transport Warren, which has ar- rived at San Francisco from Seattle, will be fitted up to carry several hun. dred school teachers to Manila. The government will soon commence the construction at Eitko, Alaska, of a magnificent observatory for the terres- trial division of the coast survey. The Russian beet crop has been ser- Iously damaged by a plague of cater- pillars. The loss is variously estimat- ed at from twenty-five to fifty per cent. President Loubet of France has con- ferred upon President W. R. Harper of the University of Chicago the decora- tion Of the order of the Legion of Honor. Negotiations are still pending tor the purchase by the United States of the Danish West Indies, and it is generally believed in Copenhagen that the ces- sion will be made~ Negroes are barred from ennstment in the First Cuban Artillery. One hun- dred and fifty "Cubans" will be enlist- ed. All must be twenty-one years old or more, and white. In 1897 Russia sold Germany $27,- 302,410 worth more of grain than did the United States, but in 1900 the Unit- ed States was only $4,947,250 worth behind her European rival. It is understood that an elevator company in Yonkers is at work on two "lifts" for Buckingham palace, Eng- land on an order from King Edward, sent indirectly to this country. Collinsville, Alabama, was visited by a cloudburst August 22nd, and greatly damaged. Several stores were com- pletely inundated and many residences washed from their foundations. The French sugar bounties having occasioned a deficit of 14,000,000 francs the minister of finance has issued a decree reducing them by fifty-five per cent., with a view of covering the de- ficit. The committee on foreign affairs of the Chiltan chamber of deputies has refused to grant the funds necessary for the representation of Chili at the Pan-American congress in the City of Mexico. It is stated at the War Department that such good progress is being made in the formation of a Cuban govern- ment that the revision of the tariff for Cuba wil probably await action by that government. The Russian government has decid- ed to continue the state of siege in Moscow province for another year. Otherwise it would expire September 7th. This indicates that the political situation is still serious. At the annual meeting of the Can- adian Pacific, to be held on October 2nd, a resolution will be submitted au- thorizing the issue of bonds te the ex- tent of 2,500,000 to be used in the ac-' quisltion of steam vessels. A big swordfish was brought into Boston a few days ago. Before it was cut up or sawed off it tipped the scales at nearly half a ton. Its length was close to seventeen feet, and It was arm- ed with a rapier three feet long. It fought its captors three hours. As soon as General Wood returns to Havana it is expected that he will make arrangements for calling an elec- tion, and the delegates to the constitu- tional convention expect the govern- ment to be organized not later than February 4, 1902. Telephone communication can now be established with incoming steamers in New York before the gang plank is put out. In the case of outgoing steam- ers passengers can have telephone communication with their friends till the vessel leaves the pier. The United Irish League has re- quested John Redmond to go to the United States and, in conjunction with Michael Davitt, place the position of the Nationalist movement before the Americans. Mr. Redmond will sail for New York early in October. President McKinley has appointed Joseph Wheeler, Jr., a captain in the artillery corps. Captain Wheeler was a major in the Thirty-fourth infantry of volunteers, organized at Fort Logan three years ago. He is a son of the famous Confederate cavalry leader. Charles Jones, in charge since his attempt at suicide while in jail await- ing trial for the alleged murder of his employer, William M. Rice, the aged New York millionaire, is still under police surveillance, and is regularly visited by physicians, but is improving in health. A cyclonic windstorm and cloudburst did great damage at Centralia, Illinois, on the night of August 25th. The eolo~ ed Baptist church was wrecked, peach orchards were destroyed and 15,000 bushels of peaches were shaken off the trees. The rain was one aud o~u~qlM~ tot lae2k~. WASHINGTON GOSSIP. FilipinoS Learning English) The division of insular affairs, War Department, has received a eopy of the annual report of Professor Fred W. At- kinson, general superintendent of pub- lie instruction for the Philippines, which covers the time front the enact- meat of the Philippine sehool law to the close of the last fiseal year, Juno 30, 1901. The school law mentioned authorizc~l the appointment from the United States of 1,000 school teachers, of whom Professor Atkil~bn says 781 had been apl)ointed. There was no scarcity of material from which to make the selection, more than 8,000 personal written applicatloIm havin$ been filed. Speaking of the general conditions Professor Atkinson said: "The great present need is that of adequate and suitable school buildings. Present school buildings consist, gen- erally, of one or two large rooms with several teachers carrying on work in each room. These rooms are every- where overcrowded and many have no windows or floors. Sometimes one teacher .has one to two hundred pu- pils." The education of girls has not bee- thought as important as that of boys, but wherever a school for boys is es- tablished it will be the policy to estab- lish one for girls. It has been planned to conduct teachers' institutes in all the provinces at a nearly date. Even- ing schools have been established where practical)le, arousing great in- terest upon the part of the people. One high sehool at the capitol of each province will be est.~blished In 190-- Dr. Barrows, city superintendent af schools of Manila, reports of the six months of his work: "The most significant change is that which has taken place in tim attitudo of the Ieilipino teachers. In December the plan was adopted of having the teachers of English devote at least the last half bout of the forenoon to the instruction of the l~hlipi~o teachers add at the same time the announcement was made that very shortly Spanish, as a medium of instruction, would be abandoned. With a few exceptions, the teachers accepted the proposed change of language and their attitude has now become one of real eagerness for the adoption of E~lglish. They have also so fax progressed in their knowl- edge of English that it will be possible with the opening of sehool in June (1901) to use only English. Almost without exception our teachers are be- coining appreciably more loyal to their work and more conscientious in its dis- charge. "The question of religlous instruction i~ the schools has also been settled, and without frictlon or any loss In the attendance of pupils. Upon receipt of an official copy of act No. 74 of the Philippine commission, which forblds any religious instruction by the teach- er, a comprehensive order was issued forbidding the practice of religious de- votions or their employment as means of punishment, the discontinuance of all teaching of the catechism or reli- gious doetrine, and the removal from the school of all books containing such matter and of all religious figures, em- blems, placards, etc. 'l'~nese order~ were in every case complied with. '].'here was no protest from either par- ents or teachers, and as above stated, no diminution In the attendance, the school year closing witri the largest at- tendance in the history of these pub- lic schools. To many of the teachers the change w'ts apparently welcome." Attorney General Knox has rendered an opinion on the question whether a certain western daily paper has violat- ed the law prohibiting the rise of the malls for advertising lotteries, gift concerts and similar enterprises. The paper some time ago Inagxir&ted guessing contest, adve~ising it would give 1,500 prizes, aggregating $15,000 in value to persons making the nearest estimates to the num- ber of paid admissions to the pan-American Exposition at Buf- falo from the day of opening to the day of closing. The Attorney General sa~s that unless plainly forbidden by law, tile remedy is with Congress and not with the department. He says the contestants must go into car(]ful in- quiry as to the facts about ~lle exl)o~ sitlon, public interest and attendance to date, and continues as follows: 'Such estimates, 'Amrefore, while nec- essarily dependent in umny respects upon chance, are likewise affected by the intelligent calculations of a thoughtful observer. A fair construe. tion of the word~ 'dependent upon lot or chance' exelud:es estimates which are based upon mental calculation, even though the factors which enter into such calculation, may be unCertain and matters of conjecture. The draw- ing of a lot or the throw of a die are purely dependent upon chance, for I~o mental operation can aid in estimating the result. As penal statutes must-be construed strictly, I am unable to reach the conclusion that the giving of prizes as a reward for superior intel. ligence In estimates, where the hu- man intellect is exercised in makin~ such estimates, is within the purview of the statute, and the conclusion can- not be affected b~ the demoralizing tendencies to which you refer." According to a bulletin issued by the census bureau there are slightly more females than males in the state of New York. The percentage is 50.3 females to 49.7 males. Out of a total population of 7,268,894, there are 3,- 614,780 males and 3,654,114 females. Of the total population of the state, 1,900,425, or 26.1 per cent., are foreign born, and 112,013, or 1.5 per cent., col- ored. Of the colored people, 99,232 are negroes, 7,170 Chinese, 354 Japtm- ese and 5,257 Indians. New York Clt~ has 1,067,660 native males and 1,009,o 462 native females. These flgttrea are given In connection with the cenatm publication showing the population by sex, nativity and color in the states of New Jersey, New Mexico, New Yetlr and North Carolina, forming the sev- enth of the census grouI~s of st~t~ New Mexico presents the largest pre- ponderance of males over females in the entire group, the percentage of males In that territory being 58.4. Of the entire population of 195,310, 104,- 228 are males and 91,083 females. I- that territory there are 13,625 foreign- born persons, constitrting seven per cent of the entire population. The~ ~,lOS colored p~_Je, "