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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
September 12, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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September 12, 1901

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8M t-A OENT. The army worm Im ~ssentlally s grass-eating insect~ though it often feeds upon other plants, and is said to prefer oats to corn. The British war office is said to be eorLsiderlng the training of dogs to carry water and provisions to sick and wounded in time of war. Atmospheric sharp~ say that even at the equator the average temperature of the sea at the depth of a mile is but four degrees above freezing point. Dispatches from Siberia say that the crops, owing to the two months' drouth, are almost a total loss. Meas- ures have been taken to avert famine. The dandelion produces 12,000 seeds l~er plant, shepherds pulse 37,000, thistle 65,000, chamomile 16,000, bur- dock 43,000, and the common plantain 44,000. The British war office has increased *she rates of pensions and allowances lo the widows and orphans of sol- diers killed in action or dying oi wounds in South Africa. In a London case Just tried a mes- senger boy was sent to the office of s leading paper with an order for s large advertisement. He did not ar- rive with it till the next day, when it was too late. The paper sued the com- pany for lack of quickness In their agent and got nominal damages. The majority of ladies would be sur- prised if they were informed that s bottle of lavender water contains but about a thimbleful of pure oil, for s larger proportion would not only ren- der the water too strong for use, hut would burn holes through the hand- kerchief wherever the scent roached it A novel way of administering Justice and bestowing impartial punishmenl on juvenile offenders was shown in s Chicago court the other day. Two boys were on trial for fighting, accom- panied by their respective mothers The justice simply had the mothers swap sons and then administer spank- ings. The punishment the urchins re- ceived was vigorous. The population of Norway Is aboul 2,200,000 souls. It was 2,110,000 in 1891, with a probability that 15,00G tmamen and fishermen were absenl from home on the day that the censut was taken, and that there has been s net increase of 75,000 since. This i~ an average of 16.80 inhabitants to the square mile, showing Norway to be the most thinly settled of all Europea~ countries. Fiber pipes and conduits, made from wood pulp and treated with a preserva-I tlve, are now being put in use. Aftez the usual grinding the pulp is washed, screened, passed through a beating en- gine, then screened again. These operations completed, a thin sheet el the pulp is wound on a core until the desired thickness is secured. Aftex drying the tube is aerated with a pre- servative. Its ends are then finished in a lathe to any desired form. The United States has not yet ceased to pay stamp duties to Great Britain, and that "without representation" in her parliament. Revenue stamps tc the value of twenty-five thousand dol- lars were required to make legal the ton-million-d~lar deed of gift by which Mr. Carnegie endows th0 Scot. tish universities. So large a stamp ~luty was never before paid into the Brltlsh treasury. Yet the Patrick Henrys and Sam Adamses of today merely smile. *'If there is an idle man in" the Northwest, he is so from choice," said the superintendent of one of the great railroads, at the beginning of the har- vest season. He needed two hundred men for construction work, and had ~ought them all the way from Chicago to Vancouver. About that time pres~ dispatches told how tramps who cus- tomarily wander over the we~t wer~ making a frantic exodus eastward, This fact proves that the demand fo~ labor was urgent. Perhaps it proves also that the west has begun to act upon St. Paul's wise command that If any will not work, neither shall he eat. Tlm chief of the Good-Roads train, which made a spring tour through the South, declares that people will flock to see the actual cons{rnctton and op- eration of a model road who would never go to a convention to hear the subject discussed by the highest au- thorities. Acting on this principle that a dozen of observation is worth a gross of hearsay, a firm of Scotch publishers has sent twelve representa- tive British workmen to the Buffalo Exposition to inspect American ma- chinery and industrial methods, and to form in themselves a nucleus of fu- ture progression in their various trades. One-fourth of the sea-carrylng po~- er Is in the hands of thirty large com- panies of various nationalities. Only one of these is American, and it con- trols only 81,000 tons out of the total of 5,616,000 tons cont~)lled by the thirty companies. In the last decade England has built 4,638 steel steam- ers, with a capacity of 9,793,000 tons. In the same time America has built only 465 steel steamers, with a ca- pacity of 743,000 tons, and 198 of these steamers, representing 450,000 tons, were for the inland commerce of the Strsat lakes. Plc K.IJVL F_, JJ ,,FH O T AT :BUFFALO Anarchi.ti A**a**in Shoot. Chief Pia$i.trate. In the presence of thousands of peo- ple PresideDt McKinley was shot down by an assassin a few minutes after 4 o'clock Friday a~ternoon in the Tem- ple of Music at the Pan-American ex- position grounds, Buffalo, N. Y. One bullet struck the breastbone, glanced aside into the flesh and was easily removed by surgeons. The other en- tered the abdomen, pierced the front and rear walls of the stomach and buried itself in some spot in the presi- dent's body not reached at the time of this writing by the probes of the surgeons. This more serious wound was dressed and closed with several qtitehes and the physicians are now briskly, while the stream of crimson welled from the wound in his breast and spread in an ever-widening circle on his white shirt front. "But you are wounded," exclaimed Mr. Cortelyou, "let me examine." "No, no," insisted the president, "I am not badly injured, I assure you." With a bullet in his breast and an- other through his stomach, he did not lose consciousness. He sat almost as stanch and straight in his chair a~ though his assailant's shots had missed and he seemed the calmest and least perturbed of the immense gath- ering, President Milburn and Secre- tary Cortelyou were almost frantic FBESIDENT WILLIAM M'KINLEY, awaiting results, declaring the presi- dent has a fair chance of recovery. Assassin IS Arrested, The assailant, who says he is Leon Czolgosz, was arrested immediately and the police of the entire country at once begun the search to establish his identity. It was soon learned he came from Cleveland and subsequently he confessed he was an anarchist and a disciple of Emma Goldman. The startling attack on the president took place while the president was ex- changing pleasant greetings with visit- ors to the exposition. Many hundred people had shaken hands with the president, one of the last being a burly colored man. He murmured his ac- knowledgments of the honor and moved on to make way for a heavily built young fellow about 28 years old who was slowly following him in the long line. There was nothing to mark him from the thousands around him, except that he carried a handkerchief in his hand and even that, perhaps, was scarce worthy of n~te, for the builuing was small and crowded, the weather was sultry and thousands of handkerchiefs were in constant requi- sition. The young man moved rapidly to a position immediately in front of the president, so close that he could have shaken his hand. As he had done so many hundreds of times in the preceding half hour, Mr. McKinley bowed, smiled genially and extended his hand. But the young man did not grasp it. So quickly that the watch* ful eyes of the president's bodyguard had no hint of the menace in his movement, he" raised the hand in which the handkerchief was held and fired two shots at the president. The handkerchief had covered a revolver, which he l~ad carried thus openly through the crowd. Assailant ~ulekly Seized. At the sound of the shots Detective Ireland of the secret service force leaped upon the man like a tiger and Close behind him came the colored man who had Just shaken hands with the president. While they struggled with him on the floor President Mc- Kinley took a step backward and was instantly clasped in the arms of De- tective Gerry, another member of his bodyguard. The president did not fall, nor did he reel, although both bullets had struck him. Half turning his head to the officer, he asked: "Am I shot?" Evidently he had been so stunned with surprise that he h~d not felt the impact of the bullets. While he was speaking the officer and Secretary Cortelyou had been leading him backward to a chair and had torn open hls vest. Blood was on his shirt front and Detective Gerry, answering his question, said: "I fear you are, Mr. President." Secretary Cortelyou sank on one knee beside the president's chair and gazed anxiously into his face. Tells ]Friends Not to Fear. "'Do not be alarmed," said the presi- dent, "it is nothing." His head sank forward into his hands a moment and then he raised it with alarm, but the wounded man con- tinued to assure them that his injuries were trifling. This dramatic scene upon the little platform was enacted in the midst of a terrible tumult, which" continued uninterruptedlF for many minutes. When the secret service men and the colored man first threw themselves upon Czolgosz, the assailant of the president, and pinned him to the floor lest he should try to use the revolver again, twenty more men hurled them- selves upon the scrambling quartet and buried Czolgosz from sight, Every man In that struggling, crazy throng was striving to get hold of Czolgosz, to strike him, to rend him, to wreak upon him in any way the mad fury which possessed them instantly they realized what he had done. The greater part of the crowd was stunned for an instant by the enormity of the crime they witnessed, but when the reaction came they surged forward llke wild beasts, the strongest tearing the weakest back out of the way and forcing themselves forward to where the prisoner was held by his captors. All the time a tumult of sound filled the place, a hollow roar at first, punc- tuated by the shrieks of women, swell- ing into a medley of yells and curses. Men said unintelligible things as they pushed and crowded toward the center of the swaying mob. They wanted to lynch Czolgosz, whoever he was. They wanted to see him and they shouted vainly at the police officers in .front to drag hlm out. Mad Effort to Get Revenge. A little force of exposition guards, penned In by the clamoring mob, fought desperately to hold their pris- oner from the bloodthirsty crowd. They had Czolgosz safe and fast. His revolver had been wrenched from his hand in the Instant that Detective Ire- land fell upon him and he was helpless, bruised and bleeding. His face was cut when he was thrown to the floor and a dozen eager, vicious hands had struck at him and reached him eve| the shoulders of the officers. Slowly, very slowly, the little force of police made their way through the crowd, dragging the prisoner between them. They were determined there should be no lynching. Things were bad enough as it was and a lynching would have been the crowning horror of the day. From outside the building, where the news had spread from lip to lip, more thousands pushed and Jostled and shouted in their eagerness to enter the building. Those inside were strug- gling in two directions--the more timorous to escape from the place be- fore a stampede should crush out their lives and the hot-headed to reach Czol- gosz--only to reach Czolgosz was their one idea. On the stretcher of an ambulance which had come clanging to the door the president was tenderly carried from the building and borne in the ambulance to the emergency hospltal, near the service building, within the exposition grounds Though this takes long in the telling, probably It was not more than five minutes from the time the shots were fired until the president was in the hospital and a hasty exami- nation was begun by the surgeons. In a Critical Condition. The first official bulletin regarding the condition of President McKinley was issued by Private Secretary Cor- telyou at 7 o'clock in the evening. He prefaced it with the statement that it had been prepared by the doctors. It reads thus: "The President was shot about 4 o'clock. One bullet struck him on the upper portion of the breastbone, glanc- ing and not penetrating. The second bullet penetrated the abdomen five inches below the left nipple and one and one-half inches to the left of the median llne, "The abdomen was opened through the line of the bullet wound. It was found that the bullet had penetrated the stomach. The opening in the front wall of the stomach was carefully closed with silk stitches, after which a search was made for a hole in the back wall of the stomach. This was found and also closed in the same way. "The further course of the bullet could not be discovered, although care- ful search was made. The abdominal wound was closed without drainage. No injury to the intestines or other abdominal organ was discovered. "The patient stood the operation well. Pulse of good quality, rate of 130. Condition at the conclusion of tl~e operation was gratifying. The re- sult cannot be foretold. His condition at present Justifies hope of recovery. "GEORGE B. CORTELYOU, "Secretary to the President." Grief of Distinguished Persons. Among distinguished persons who telegraphed expressions of their grief at the national calamity were Vice- President Roosevelt, who started at once from Burlington, Vt., for Buffalo; Senator M. A. Hanna of Cleveland, who was greatly shocked; Sir Thomas Lipton, on board the yacht Erin at New York; Grovar Cleveland, who was fishing at Tyringham, Mass.; Car- dinal Gibbons of Baltimore, Mrs. Bar- ber of Canton, O., sister of the Presi- dent; William J. Bryan of Lincoln, Nob.; the lord mayor of London; King Edward, who was traveling from Frankfort to Hamburg; Attorney-Gen- eral Knox, at Plttsburg; Secretary Gage, at Chicago; Secretary Hitchcock, at Dublin, N. H.; former Attorney- General Griggs, at Paterson, N. J.; Secretary of War Root, at Southhamp- ton, L. L; Postmaster-General Smith, at Philadelphia; Secretary Long, at Buckfleld, Me.; Senator Fairbanks, at Indianapolis; R. A. Alger, at Detroit; Senator Platt, of New York, and the governors of New York, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Arkansas, Texas, South Carolina, Georgia, Ohio and Louisiana; also Abner McKinley, of Colorado, brother of the President. President McKinley's Life. ~Wllllam McKinley, twenty-fifth President of the United States, was born at Niles, Trumbull County, Ohio, Jan, 29, 1843. His ancestors were of Scotch-Irish descent, and came to this" country about a century and a half ago. William McKinley, father of the President, married, in 1829, Nancy Campbell Allison, who was of English and Scotch-German descent. The President is the seventh of their nine children. Iron manufacturing and molding was the trade of the elder McKinley and of his father. They were men of strong character and abil- ity, devout members of the Methodist Church, and in politics ardent Whig and Republican. The father of the President lived to see his son Governor of Ohio, and his mother saw him President. She died Dec. 12, 1897, at the age of 88. Wllliam's education was begun in the pub!Ic schools of NiI~,, but whgn he was 9 years old the family moved to Portland, Mahoning County, Ohio, where his schooling was contin- ued in Union Seminary. He remained here until he entered Allegheny Col- lege, Meadville, Pa.i in 1860. Soon after this, although he was fond of athletic sports, his health failed on account of overstudy. Upon recovery he became a clerk in the Poland postoffice, and held this position when the civil war broke out in 186]. June 11 of that year he enlisted as a private in Com- pany E of the Twenty-third Ohio Vol- unteer Infantry. This organization became a famou~ regiment, and numbered among its of- ricers and men General W. S. Rose- crans, General R. B. Hayes (who be- came President of the United States in 1877), General E. P. Scammon, General James M. Comley and many other well- known men. The regiment saw active service throughout almost the entlre war. McKinley served on the staffs of l~ayes, Crook and Hancock. The four years of army life proved beneficial to the young soldier, who was much stronger physically at the close of the war than at its beginning. Of his military record it has been stat- ed that McKinley, both as private and officer, in "~he commissary department, was ~courageous, clear-headed and self- possessed. For services rendered lu the winter camp at Fayettevllle he re- ceived his first promotion, becoming a commissary sergeant, April 15, 1862. On the Field of Battle. Feb. 7, 1863, while at Camp Piatt, he was promoted to first lieutenant, and July 25 of the following year, when he was 21 years of age, he was made captaln. Previous to this his regiment had taken part in engagements at Cloyd's Mountain, New River Bridge, Lexington, Buffalo Gap, Buchanan, Ot- ter Creek, Lynchburg and Bufford's Gap. At Berryville, Sept. 3, 1864, his horse was shot under him. On March 14, 1865. he received his commission as major by brevet "for gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Opequan, Cedar Creek and Fisher's Hill. Elected Governor in lS91. In 1891 he was elected Governor of Ohio by a majority of a~out 21,000, over ex-Governor James E. Campbell, Democrat. Election to the Presidency. In the November election following the total popular vote was 11,930,942, of which the McKinley electors re- 7,104,779, being a plurality of] celved 601,854 over those cast for Wllllam l Jennings Bryan of Nebraska, and a majority over all candidature of 311,742. ] The vote in the electoral college was 271 for McKinley and 176 for Bryan. The issUes on which the campaign was fought were chiefly on the free coin- age of silver and the restoration of a protective tariff. He was nominated for President a second time at St. Louis in 1900, there being no other candidate, and he was re-elected in the following November. CONFESSES HIS GUILT. Leon Czolgoaz, Without Remorse, Te, lls of Attack on President. Leon Czolgosz, the accused and self- confessed assassin, has signed a con- fession covering six pages of foolscap, in which he says that he is an an- archist, and that he dacided on the act three days ago and bought in Buffalo the revolver with which it was committed. He is unmarried. He claims to be a member of the Golden Eagles. Czolgosz has seven brothers and sisters in Cleveland, and the directory of that city has the names of about that number of persons of his name living on Hos- mer street and Ackland avenue, a Pol- ish settlement in the far southwestern part of the city. -- w In Rlble Times. "Your daughter is very ill." "But you must save her, doctor; she is the baby of the family, and we can't los her; she is only 97 years old."--Smart Set. MRS. WILLIIM McKINLEY, SHE IS B1i}ARING UP HEROICALLY UNDER THE TERRIBLE STRAIN. COLORADO NOTES. i The Democratic convention for Anlmas county will be held in dad September 30th. General W. J. Palmer of Springs has given $500 to ant Snyman for the Boer relief The Colorado Springs Y. M. C. building directors have received a of $2,500 from a donor who not to have his name published. A .severe hailstorm at Berthoud, tember 6th, did considerable damage fruit, knocking it from the trees, also injured sugar beets. On Saturday night, September the Hallack block ,~t the corner Eighteenth and M:lrket streets in er was destroyed by fire. LOSs, nearly $10o,0o0. The Fire and Police Board of ver have decided to prohibit fighting and have given the chief police instructions to prevent the ing of nny prize-fight in the city. Jdhn Ltmberg, a mine was instantly killed September while at work on the Park lode of Denton Mining Company at by the caving in of a heavy body earth. W. F. Miller just finished drilling well for the town waterworks plant Eaton. An abundance of pure has been secured. The work the mains will be carried forward fast as possible. Many Denver dogs have recently of a disease which has been reco by local veterinarians as poliomyelitis. If the disease is anything like the name it must be doggoned hard on the canines. No wonder they die. The general merchandise store of C. H. Cross at Minturn was entered by thieves on the night of September 5th and about $1(~5 worth of goods On the Sunday night previous the reS- taurant belonging to Mr. Henry robbed of something over $300 in cash.: At the rock drilling contest in rills on Labor Day, Itupps and Lind- quist of Ouray broke the world's rec- ord by driving the drill 41~ which beats the former record held by Chamberlain and Andregg nearly two inches. The directors of the state fair to be held at Pueblo September 23d to 27th have received a letter from Gunnisoa county asking that arrangements be made to allow the county to have a building made from bales of hay ia which to place its exhibits. In addition to his former donations of the surface rigiits of his ,~ustiI~ Bluffs land to the city of Colorado: Springs for a park, General William J, Palmer will also give a right of way over all the ground owned by the Cole- erode Springs company for a boule- vard. C. H. Holly, an old resident of Colo- rado, died suddenly at his home in Beulah, Pueblo county, a few days ago. The deceased formerly lived in Pueblo and his wife, Mrs. Clara Clyde Holly, who survives him, was a member of the state Legislature in 1896, and the: author of the age of consent law. Mrs. Helen Grenfell will make a careful inspection of the public schooltt in the North park, a part of the state. that has not always received the at* tention it deserves on account ofthe time required o reach it from Denver, John Erickson proposes to build a $30,000 opera house at Florence. The grand stand for the Festival of Mountain and Plain will be 'erected on the site of former festival arenas a~ Colfax avenue and Broadway. The seating capacity will be upwards of 10,000. All special events will take place In the arena. All parades will pass in review before the,grand stand, F. L. Dana and Charles Zobrist an, nounced their intentions to build a street car llne to Prospect Lake from Colorado Springs. The lake Is about a mile and a half from the center of the city and the parties intend to make it a big resort. The building of this car line will be the first step, It will cost $25,000. During the storm nt Loveland Sep- tember 3d, two men, William Clarl~ and Charles Wells, were hurt by a lightning stroke while under their wa, gon, about a mile west of town. Their dog was killed. Lightning struc~ some hay. stacks on the farm of A, Rlst, four miles west of town, and about fifty tons were burned. The first annual fair of the Prower$ County Fair Association will be held at-Lamar on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, September 18th, 19th and 20th. A race track has been On Frontier Day, the 19th, there will be broncho "busting" and roping con- tests for valuable prizes, races, baseball, foot racing, in additio~ to the regular speed program. Earl Bishop, the eighteen-year-old:: son of a ranchman living near Agate, in Elbert county, was attacked on porch of his home by a mad wolf coyote a short time since. There were fifteen lacerations on h.is left hand and two gashes in his right ffnigh. It wa~ feared that hydrophobia might resul~ and the boy was hurried to Chicago undergo the Pasteur treatment. At a meeting of the Cripple Creeg board of aldermen the gTanting of an electric light franchise to E. E. Wade of Colorado Springs was carried by a vote of 5 to 2. The franchise asked bY the Pike's Peak company and People'S Electric Light Company were voted o~ by the same vote. The action of MaY" or Crane in closing gambling in that city was also indorsed by a majority vote. On the evening of September 3d a fire at Engle, a mining camp a few miles south of Trinidad, totally stroyed the mercantile store of Pine Co. The stock was entirely The los~ was about $3,000, witl~ insurance. The building belonged to A. Raskower of Trinidad and wa.# worth about $3,000. Mrs. Welch's res" taurant and boarding house was also destroyed. Secretary McClurg of the Colorado Springs Chamber of Commerce has rv- ceived a number of communications from railroad officials relative to the project to boom Colorado Springs as winter resort, and favorable assur" ances have been received. The RoCg Island railway has requested Mr. Me/ Clurg to prepare a pamphlet descrip" tive of the local climate and scenerY, and will advertise the place indepen~ dent of what the others do.