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September 19, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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September 19, 1901

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I E, fiA C E OF A.NA' C I-I 'tttMK~ ~rot.rlNtR ASMAN~.', I"""~AA~ #m at.FReD f)C;4~l~.10g~ '~NgtY TRAVA~LIO,~ A GROUP OF CHICAGO ANARCHISTS, AND THEIR RESIDENCE The man Czolgosz who attempted to implacable enemy of the master, al- assassinate the President at Buffalo ways free to assail his interests and and succeeded in wounding him so wantonly destroy his property, is the .dangerously, may or may not be the prolific mother of that savage spirit ~emtssary of a particular group of An- of anarchy which inspired the attempt archists; but he is unquestionably the to assassinate one of the most beloved representative and acted as the instru- presidents this Republic has ever had. ment of a spirit of anarchy which is This attempt at assassination, how- present in modern society and menaces ever, was not made because of any the civilization of the world. Its vie- enmity against Mr. McKinley individ- lence is not directed against any in- ually, for such enmity does not exist; dividual ruler or executive head of a his character makes it impossible. The state, good or bad, beloved or hated, impulse that fired the shot came from by his people, but against government the spirit of savage vindictiveness of itself, against our social system as against the civilized government and it has developed In natural order, civilized society and law and order This spirit of savage resistance to which Mr. McKinley represents. the working of a law of.human devel- The cowardly assault was only the opment as inexorable and unchangea- extreme and concrete manifestation of ble as it is benign, manifests itself in a feeling of ferocious hatred of a re- the beginning in futile attempts to run sistless law of human development counter to the irres]stable current of which even clergymen from the higher human progress, and to provoke re- places have been making themselves hellion against social conditions which conspicuous of late by stimulating, can be improved and uplifted by its apologizing for, and coddling, and for ~peratton alone. The sentiment which which they have been seeking to pro- would set labor against capital and de- yoke sympathy as a reasonable re- stroy fidelity to duty in the employed, sentment. It is a spirit of malevo- :is a servile and despicable impulse, lence, of destructiveness, of envy, hat- which would turn the servant into an red and malice and all uncharitable- 'j,, I I AT 515 CARROLL AVENUE, ness. In its blind fury it would throw down and trample upon every monu- ment of civilization and scatter and burn up the accumulations of treasure and beauty civilization has made and is making. There can be no doubt but that the crime at Buffalo will result in the stamping out of anarchy, and of every other propaganda that leads te social restlessness. It will mark the decline of the agitator who lives by ranting against class. In Chicago already the police stations are full of prisoners who are accused of being accessories to the shooting of the President. This is radical action and some injustice may be done, but the step will be in- dorsed. From one building at 515 Carroll avenue, 12 persbns were tak- en whose names are as follows: Clem- ens Pfuetzner, Abraham Isaak, Abra- ham Isaak, Jr., Alfred Schneider, Hip- polyte Havel, Henry Travaglio, Mrs. Marie Isaak, Miss Marie Isaak, Julia Mechanic, Morris Fox, Martin Razner and Michael Roze. Emma Goldman, who has been ar- rested, was an associate of these as well as of Czolgosz. I THREE ASSASSINS OF OUR PRESmENTS. ~Prev~enti~n ~f A~raz~inaivn. The first question so far as the of visitors to an exposition who ~ere The practical questions that civill- American Presidents are concerned, is allowed to pour in promiscously to ~zatlon must answer~ in view of the certain to be answered affirmatively, shake his hand, without tickets or re- ,fre.quent recurrence in all lands and Lincoln was approached by Booth strictions of any sort, just as if there under all forms of government of an- without the slightest hindrance; he were no such characters as anarchists archlstie attempts to murder the was sitting in a theatre box absolutely or cranks. Clearly it is possible to 'heads of states, are these: unguarded. Garfield was .shot down make it much less easy than it is for 1. Can the person of the chief execu- as he was walking arm in arm with unknown persons to get so close as tire be more successfully guarded Blaine through a railway station, un- this to the President. It will be sen- against such attacks? attended by a single guard, just as timentally objected that this would 2. Can the assassin be so dealt with any citizen might do. And now Mc- destroy the old American custom of ~as more effectually to discourage Kinley has been shot at point blank Presidential ~andshaklngs free to a~l others? range by one of an immense throng comers. But old customs must be ~_~____._____~ changed to meet.new conditions. To the second question the answer The arent of Czol o. 'z. t ! Paul Czolgosz, father of the anar- The entire family, it would appear, chist assassin, lives with his family with the exception of the anarchist, at 306 Fleet street, Cleveland, and dur- has had little use for books of any lng his residence there has always not believe that his son is crazy, al- had the respec~ of his neighbors. Mrs. though he has no hesitation in saying kind. The elder Czolgosz has little that he is weak-minded. The assas- sin's father used to live on a farm sympathy for his revolutionary son, near Alpena, Mich., before he came to and openly expresses the conviction Detroit. He has eight sons--all of is more difficult. The penalty of death is the severest that can be in- flicted, though it might reasonably be extended to all attempts to kill the President, whether successful or not. There is, however, much plausibility in the suggestion made by many emi- nent criminologists that every assas- sin should, so far as possible, have his identity effaced. If even his name were suppressed in the reports of the crime, and be was hurried to trial and execution without having any person- al prominence in the public eye, so that he would cut no figure at all either at the time or in history, It is evident that the stimulous of notor- iety would be taken away. And that men of the Bresci and Czolgosz type love notoriety and public posing above all things, is believed by nearly all the scientists who have studied them.--New York World. Senator James K. Jones and former Governor James P. Clark, of ~Arkan- sas, rival candidates for the senator- ship, have agreed to urge the calling of a primary election by which .the choice of the democrats of the state can be determined by popular vote. They have also agreed upon a Joint gH ONOLOGY His Record From Farm to the White House, HOW A COUNTRY BOY ROSE, Student, Soldier, Lawyer, Congressman, Governor and Finally Nation's Chief Executive--The Road that 18 Free to All American ]Boys. Here Is the chronological story of the life of William McKinley, twenty- fifth president of the United States, whose tragic death at the hands of the anarchist assassin Czolgosz has brought deepest sorrow to the Ameri- can people. 1843. Jan. 29. William McKinley, son of William and Nancy (Allison) McKinley, is born at Niles, Trumbull county, Ohio, being the seventh of a family of nine children. 1852. The McKinley family removes to Poland, Mahoning county. O., where law, and becomes a leading member of the bur of Stark county. 1872. Though not a candidate, very active as a campaign speaker in the Grant-Greely presidential campaign. 1875. Especially active and conspic- uous as a campaigner in the closely contested state election in which Rutherord B. Hayes is elected govern- or. Elected to Congress. 1876. Elected member of the House of Representatives by 3,000 majority, his friend Hayes being elected to the presidency. 1878. Re-elected to Congress by 1,234 majority, his district in Ohio having been gerrymandered to his dis- advantage by a Democratic legisla- ture. 1880. Re-elected to Congress by 3,571 majority. Appc, inted a member of the ways and means committee to succeed President Garfield. 1882. The Reput~licans suffer r~- verses throughout the country in the congressional elections and McKinley is re-elected by a majority of only 8. 1884. Prominent in the opposition A FAVORITE PICTURE OF M'KINLEY. William studies at the Union seminary until he is 17. 1859. Becomes a member of the Methodist Episcopal church In Poland. 1860. Enters the junior class in AI- legheny college, Meadville, Pa., but poor health prevents the completion of the course. Subsequently teaches in a public school near Poland and later becomes a clerk in the Poland "post- office. Enltst= As a Private. 1861. June 11. Enlists as a private in Company E of the 23d Ohio Volun- teer infantry. 1862. April 15. Promoted to com- mfssary sergeant while in the winter's camp at Fayette, W. Vs. 1862. Sept. 24. Promoted to second lieutenant, in recognition of services at the battle of Antietam. Wins the highest esteem of the colonel of the regiment, Rutherford ]~. Hayes, and becomes a m~mber of his staff. 1863. Feb. 7. Promoted to first lieutenant. 1864. July 25. Promoted to captain for gallantry at the battle of Kerns- town, near Winchester, Vs. 1884. Oct. 11. First vote for Presi- dent Cast, while on a march, for Ab- raham Lincoln. 1864. Shortly after the battle of Ce- dar Creek (Oct. 19), Capt. McKinley serves on the staffs of Gem George Crook and Gem Winfield S. Hancock. 1865. Assigned as acting assistant adjutant general on the staff of Gem Samuel S. Carroll, commanding the veteran reserve corps at Washington. President Lincoln Brevet= film. 1865. March 13. Commissioned by President Lincoln as major by brevet in the volunteer United States army "for gallant and meritorious services at the battles of 0pequan, Cedar Creek and Fisher's Hill." 1865. July 26. Mustered out of the army with his regiment, having never been absent from his command on sick leave during more than four years' service. 1865. Returns to Poland and at once begins the study of law. 1866. Enters the Albany (N, Y.) Law School. 1867.-admitted to the bar at War- ren, O., in March. Accepting the ad- vice of an elder sister teaching in Can- ton, he begins the practice of law in Canton and makes that place his home. HIs First Office. 1869. Elected prosecuting attorney of Stark county on the Republican ticket, although the county had usual- speaking campaign to cover the entirei ly been Democratic. state. I 1871. Jan. 25. Marries Miss ~da Charles M. Schwab, president of the Saxton of Canton. (Two daughters United States Steel Corporation, has born to Mr. and Mrs. McKinley--Kat- to the proposed "Morrison tariff" in congress. 1884. As a de|~ate at large to the Republican national convention in Chicago, actively supports James G. Blaine for the presidential nomina- tion. Again Elected to Congress. 1884. Re-e~ct~d to Congress by a majority of 2,000. 1886. Re-elected to Congress by a majority Of 2,550. 1886. Leads the minority opposition in Congress against the "Mills tariff bill." 1888. Delegate at large to the na- tional convention in Chicago that nominated Benjamin Harrison, and serves as chairman of the committee on resolutions. Many delegates wish McKinley to become a nominee, but he stands firm in his support of John Sherman. :1888. Elected to Congress for the seventh successive time, receiving a m~Jority of 4,100 votes. 1889. At the organization of the 51st Congress, is a candidate for speaker of the House, but is defeated on the third ballot in the Republican caucus by Thomas B. Reed. Chairman of Ways and Means Com- mittee. 1890. Upon the death of William D. Kelley in January McKinley becomes chairman of the ways and means com- mittee and leader of "his party in the House. He introduces a bill "to sim- plify the laws in relation to the col- lection of revenues," known as the "customs administration bill." He al- so introduces a general tariff bill. The bill becomes a law on Oct. 6. 1890. As a result of the gerryman- dered congressional district and the reaction against the Republican party throughout the country, caused by the protracted struggle over the tariff bill, McKinley is defeated in the election for Congress by 300 votes in counties that had previously gone Democratic by 8,000. Elected Governor of Ohio, 1891. Nov. 3. Elected governor of Ohio by a plurality of 21,511, polling the largest vote that has ever been cast for governor in Ohio. His op- ponent is the democratic governor, James E. Campbell. 1892. ~s delegate at large to the national convention at Minneapolis, and chairman of the convention, Mc- Kinley refuses to permit the consid- eration of his name and supports the renomination of President ttarrison. The roll call results as follows: Har- rison g35, Blaine 182, McKinley 182, Reed 4, Lincoln 1. 1892. Death of William McKinley, any candidate in the history of t~o State. 1896. June 18. At the l~epubllcau national convention at St. Louis Mo- Xlnley is nominated for president on the first ballot, the result of the vet-, ing being as follows: McKinley 661~, Reed 84~, Quay 60%, Morton 58, Al- lison 35~, Cameron 1. Is Elected President. 1896. Nov. 3. Receives a popular vote in the presidential election of 7,104,779, a plurality of 601,854 oval" his Democratic opponent, William J, Bryan. In the electoral college later McKinley receives 271 votes, against 176 for Bryan. 1897. ~.Iarch 4. Inaugurated Presi- dent of the United States for the twen- ty-eighth quadrennial term. 1897. March 6. Issues proclamation for an extra session of Congress to as- semble March 15. The president's message dwells solely upon the need of a revision of the existing tariff law. 1897. May 17. In response to an appeal from the president Congress appropriates $50.000 for the relief of the destitution in Cuba.. 1897. July 24. The "Dingley tariff bill" receives the president's approval. tE97. Dec. 12. Death of .President McKinley's mother at Canton, O. 1898. Both branches of Congress vote unanimously (the House on Mar. 8 by a vote of 313 to 0 and the Senate by a vote of 76 to 0 on the following day) to place $50,000,000 at the dis- posal of the president, to be used at his discretion "for the national de- fense." YII~ Ultimatum to Spaln. 1898. March 23. The president sends to the Spanish government, through. Minister Woodford at Madrid, an ulti- matum regarding the intolerable con- dition of affairs in Cuba. 1898. March 28. The report of the . court of inquiry on the destruction of the Maine at Havana, on Feb. 15, is, transmitted by the president to Con- gress. 1898. ~_pril 11. The president sends a message to Congress outlining the situation, declaring that intervention is necessary and advising against the recognition of the Cuban government. 1898. April 21. The Spanish gov- ernment sends Minister Woodford his passports, thus beginning the war. 1898. April 23. The presiddnt issues a call for 125,000 volunteers. 1898. April 24. Spain formally de- clares that war exists with the Untte~t. States. Recommends Declaration of War. 1898. April 25. In a message to Congress the president recommends the passage of a Joint resolution de- claring that war exists with Spain. On the same day both braneh~s of Congress passed such a declaration. 1898. May 25. The president issues a call for 75,000 additional volunteers. 1898. June 29. Yale university con- fers upon President McKinley the de- gree of LL. D. 1898. July 7. Joint resolution of Congress provided for the annexation of Hawaii receives the approval of the president. 1898. aug. 9. Spain formally ac- cepts the president's terms of peace. 1898. ,Aug. 12. The peace protocol is signed. An armistice is proclaimed and the Cuban blockade raised. 1898. Oct. 17. The president re- ceives the degree of LAL. D. from the University of Chicag~ 1898. Dec. 10. The treaty of peace between Spain and the United States fs signed at Paris. 1900. March 14. The president signs the "gold standard act." Renominated for Presidency. 1900. June 21. The Republican na- tional convention at Philadelphia un- animously renominates William Mc- Kinley for the presidency. 1900. June 21. The presid~nt's am-~ nesty proclamation to the Filipinos is published in Manila. 1900. July 10. The United States government makes public a statement of its policy as to its affairs in China. 1900. Sept. 10. Letter accepting th$ presidential nomination and discuss- ing the issues ~f the campaign is giv- en to the public. 1900. Nov. 8~ In the presidential election Willlltm McKinley carries 2~ states, which have an aggregate of 295 votes in the electoral college, hi~ Democratic opponent, William J. Bry- an, carrying 17 states, having 155 eleC- toral votes. His popular plurality Is also larger than in the election of 1~9~. 1901. Begins a triumphal tour Of the United States in May, the same be- ing terminated by the sudden illneu of Mrs. McKinley while at Los An- geles, Cal. Returns to Washington from San Francisco early in June. India's Army Elephants. Elephants in the Indian army are fed twice a day. When meal time ar- rives they are drawn up before pile~ of food. Each animal's breakfast in- cludes 10 pounds of raw rice done up in five two pound packages. The rice is wrapped in leaves and then tied with grass. At the commarld "Atten- tion!" each elephant raises his trunk and a package is thrown into his ca- pacious mouth. By this method of feediz, g not a single grain of rice io wasted. Bull Fighting on Bicycles. In Spain bull fighting on bicycles Is becoming popular. Not long ago Car- los Rcdrigues. a famous cyclist, and[ Senor Badila. a noted picador, mount- ed on cycles, tackled a bull in the arena at Ma~lrld. The bull won in i that he should be hanged for his them by a first wife, now dead, and approves of the plans for a school te in 1571 and Ida In 1873--and both Sr., in November. canter. crime. The anarchist's father does five of whom reside in Michigan. Mrs. building at Weatherly, Pc., for which lost in early childhood,) 1895. Unanimously renominated for Czolgosz, the assassin's stepmother, Czolgosz agrees with her husband in he ~vill provide the fmzds. The con- 1871. Fails of re-election as prose- governor of Ohio and re-elected by a A plant that grows in India, called[ who is now in Buffalo, is a quiet worn- the opinion that her stepson must tract has been awarded The buildin~r cuting attorney by forty-five votes, plurality of 80,995, this majority being the philotacea electrlca, emits elf- [! an, neat and cleanly in appearance, have been set on by older and abler will ~epresent an outiay of ~J~o~ll and for the next five years devotes the greatest ever recorded, with a ~in- trlc sparks. The hand which touches |:ii ~ut not possessed of much education, minds. $100,000. himself successfully to the vractleo of gle exception during the civil war, for it immediately experiences a shock,