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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
October 28, 1937     The Saguache Crescent
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October 28, 1937

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J THURSDAY OCTOBER 28, 1937 tHE SAGUACI-I CRESCENT SAGUACHE, COLORADO , 8AGUACHE CRESCENT. SAGUACHE, COLORADO MP. MARY L OODEN, Publisher MARIE V. OGDEN, Editress ADVERTISING RATEB One inch, per insertion .... $ .25 Transient advertising, per inch .35 Locals, per line, per insertion .10 Professional cards, per insertion .25 SUBSCRIPTION RATES One Year ................ $2.00 Six Months ................ 1.00 Invariably in Advance EXPIRATIONS The label or wrapper of the paper shows the date your subscription expires. When payment is made the receipt of your paper and the change in date of expiration are sufficient notification of renewal. If date on label or wrapper is not changed within three weeks after remittinff, please inform us at once. If you do not receive the Crescent regulary, kindly advise this office. WANT ADS FOUND--Small boys blue and red sweater. Inquire at Crescent office. FOR SALE -- Circulating heater. John Palmer. FOR SALE-- 4 month old fries weighing from 3 to 4 pounds grain fed. Mrs. Minnie Combs. Call Alice Rominger or send me a card. m $25.00 REWARD-- For information leading to the arrest and conviction of parties stealing anything on my premises. tf. E.M. DeTilla, Villa Grove, Colorado. Wanted,--names, MEN under 26 who are willing to work for $75.00 a month w]ile training to become aviators or ground mechanics. One year's training given by U. S. Air Corps. Costs absolutely nothing. Flying Intelligence Service. Box 522 Milwaukee, Wis. ii i i r UNCLE SAM IS WORLD'S BIGGEST CHECK WRITER The Federal government is now the largest check-writing organiza- tion in the world, issuing nearly 80,- 000,000 checks annually, government statistics reveal. Records of these transactions are kept by the General Accounting Of- fice, necessitating the employment of 5,000 persons to issue the checks and keep the records. The salaries of these employes cost the taxpayers $8,000,000 a year. Documents and papers in the cus- tody of the General Accounting Of- fice now fill several warehouses. HOSPITALS AN INDUSTRY Hospitals rank fifth among the large business of the United States. This major "industry" is estimated to have about four billion dollars invested in properties; an annual payroll of about four hundred mil- lion dollars and a yearly operating cost of about three-quarters of a billion, dollars. FAST TRAVEL The American railroad industry now operates more than 400 rail- road trains on schedules of 60 miles per hour or faster--to meet the pub- lic demand for faster travel. PRINTERS--THEN AND NOW / The modern printer, operating a linotype machine, can set more than five times as much type as a printer could by less mechanical methods in 1890. Yet, there are five times as many printers employed today. A Guiding hand in your hour of need. Buckley Mortuary REGISTERED MORTICIAN Saguache, Colorado. PHONK 48W IUNDER THE CAPITOL By Alva A. Swain" (Continued from Page OneJ about thirty-one and one-half mills for all purposes. The increase in the valuation of corporate property will of course raise the amounts still more that they have to pay, for. they pay not only the increased mill levy, that is borne by all property, but they pay on the increase in their valuation. As nearly as can be fiffured out, at least by the author of this column, for every one hundred dollars the railroads, telegraph and telephone li'nes paid last year they will pay one hundred and five dollars this year. For every one hundred dollars the public utilities paid last year, they will pay one hundred and two dollars and fifty cents this year, and for every one hundred dollars that local property paid last year it will pay one hundred do}lars and fifty cents this year. The total amount that will be paid by all classes of property this year over last year, ff the local authorities do not change the mill levies, will be $2,675,721.16 or an increase over last year in taxes on property for all purposes of about seven percent. The legislature added one, point three eight, to the mill levy and the state board of equalization added point one two, to it making a total jump of fifty percent. This was for state purposes only. The legisla- ture's addition goes for the building programs and the policemen's pen- sion. The increase by the state board of equalization is for the gen- eral fund. The legislature took the position that the state institutions needed the new buildings. The state board of equalization took the position that the state has to have money to meet its expenses. However, the increase of point, one two, to the mill levy, which is all that will go into the gen- eral fund, only increases it by about one hundred and thirty-five thou- sand dollars. The rest will go for the building purposes. Add to this increase in valuation, the increase in mill levies, the service tax, the sales tax which was re-enacted by zhe last assembly, the new tax on automo- biles, and the income tax and the state has gone to an all time high in the amount of taxes, not only a- gainst real property but in the col- lection of special taxes. Until there are final reports there is no way of estimating how much is being col- [ected each year for state and othel governmental agencies. The Probable Results- The members of the state board of equalization stated that they hated to increase the rill levies and the valuations but that they had to do it. They have not yet solved the ques- tion of revenues. The state is about as hard up now, with all of this pros- pective revenue coming in, as it was efore. So much of the ncrease, in fact all of it, save the one hundred and thirty-five thousand dollars per year, is going for special taxes. In other words, it was earmarkdl be- fore the mill levies were certified. During the sessions of the board, representatives of the railroads, the telegraph and telephone companies, came before the board and flatly stated that if the increases were made they would oppose them in courts. No representatives for any of the other utilities appeared before the board. No threats or statements were made by any of the others. Evidently the members of the board thought they would see if the representatives of the railroads, the telegraph and telephone companies were bluffing for they increased their valuation 20 percent. They only increased the valuation of the other companies ten percent. Two or three times when the representatives of the companies were stating that they would oppose the increase in the courts, members of the state board of equaliza4ion would mutter to themselves. Once Governor Ammons answered the statement that they would go into court with the state- ment that the board is just as good a bluffer as the railroads. While the representatives of the other utilities did not like the idea of a ten percent increase in vahation and a mill levy increase they were glad they did not go into the meet- ing and make any statements about contesting in the courts. They would probably have gotten a twenty percent increase. Court Contests-- Although it is a hard and diffi- cult proceeding, the representatives of the. railroads say they intend to contest the increase. The represen-! tatives of the telegraph and tele- I VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURAL NOTES (Continued From Pae One} recent statement of the Secretary of Agriculture. "Through their leader- ship we may expect a new agricul- ture-an agriculture lighted by science and organized to demand an equal share with industry in the country's general prosperity. There ls no more hopeful sign of progress among our farm population. "Rural leadership is the outstand- ing need of the hour. It will con- tinue to be the greatest need in the fqture. Much of the hope for im- proved farming conditions lies in co-operative enterprize, and suc- cessful cooperation depends on leadership." (F. F. A. Manual, p. 4) The purpose of this organization are : 1. To develop competent, aggres- sive, rural and agricultural leader- ship. Future farmers assume re- sponsibility to assure the successful completion of a program which is undertaken by a chapter during a year. (The Saguaehe Chapter is working out it's own program and as soon as it is completed it will be published). 2. To strengthen the confidence of the farm boy in hmiself and his work. Achievement of the individual is made the basis for advancement from rank to rank in the F. F. A. phone companies have not said whether or not they would contest. Spokesment for the railroads say they are as yet undecided how they will proceed. They may go into the courts and try to get an injunction preventing the secretary of the state board of equalization from certify- ing the board's valuations to the counties. That would tie up the whole matter of tax paying until the courts had decided the case. Again they may go into the counties Where they have property, and try and get an injunction preventing the county authorities from certifying out the valuations to the various tax pay- ers. That would only tie up the mat- ter of the payment of taxes in the counties where the railroads have property. Last, they may follow the usual procedure which is to pay the taxes and file a protest in each county against the use of the increase of the amount formerly collected. That would necessitate each railroad filing protests in every county where it pays taxes. Under that procedure the county officials may go ahead and use the money that is not pro- tested. That is, if the railroad felt that its tax bill should be one hun- dred dollars and the bill is actually one hundred and fifteen dollars, in. a certain county, it pays the one hundred and fifteen dollars and files a protest on the fifteen. The coun- ty authorities are at liberty to use the one hundred dollars for what ever any tax money may be used, but they must impound the fifteen until the suit over it is settled. Just One Suit-- In previous years whenever such a proceedure has been followed the railroads and the state have abided by the decision on just one suit. If that procedure is followed there will be over two hundred protests filed in the various counties of the state. Rio Grande Will Be Used As Buffer-- Without doubt the main suit will be with the Rio Grande on one side and the state on the other. The Rio Grande js in the worst financial shape of any of the railroads and it will be used because of the fact. The Rio Grande is in the hands of a receiver, or an "administrator" as the federal government calls it. Whatever is done by that road must have the sanction of the federal court. The other railroads will, no doubt, join in assisting that road with its suit and abide with the result. The roads will claim that they are value d for taxation purposes, far too high when the valuations of other property is concerned. The other utilities, those that were only raised ten percent, have not indicated what they will do. If the railroads pay the full a- mount of their taxes and only pro- test the over amounts the counties, cities, towns and school districts will have just the same amount with which to conduct government as they had last year. There will be no need of any of the schools closing or the other governmental departments going bankrupt. On the other hand if they refuse to pay any of the taxes until the matter of 'the in- creases are settled by the courts, or if they bring court actions that stop all payments, then the situation will be far different. Suitable awards are made to those proving capable and worthy of re- cognition. 3. To create more interest in the intelligent choice of farmin oc- cupations. 4. To create and nuture a love of country life. 5. To improve the rural home and its surroundings. Such thirtgs as the improvement of the home farm, installation of labor saving devices and modern conveniences, conserva- tion, conservation projects and tra- vel make for increased appreciation of country life and the home. 6. To encourage cooperative effort among students of vocational agri- culture. Cooperative purchasing of pure seed, fedilizers, feed, pure- bred stock, as well as pool and sel4 cooperatively the farm products which are a result of their supervised farming work. Cooperation in re- creation in encouraged. 7. To. promote thrift among stu. d ent of vocational agTiculture through the establishment of savings accounts and investment in agricul- tural enterprise 8. To promote and improve schol-' arship. High standards of class- room and supervised farming achievement are demanded of mere- bers who advance from one degree to another. 9. To encourage organized re- creation activities among students of vocational agriculture. Father-Son banquets, vacation tours, summer camps, picnics, athletic activities are held. Judging contests plays, pub- lic speaking contests and similiar activities contribute to valuable out- comes of a recreational character. 10. To supplement the regular systematic instruction offered to students of vocational education in agriculture. The F. F. A. is a self teaching device itself. The boy in- itiated and boy directed activities in- cluded in programs of work provide a wealth of actual practical experi- ence which otherwise might not be avialable to the student. Such ex- perience further improves the mem- ber as a farmer and as a citizen. 11 To advance the cause of voca- Lional education in agriculture in public schools. The F. F. A. deve- lops pride in the program of voca- tional agricfilture. The publication of news stories of chapter activi. ties; state and chapter papers; radio OVER 14,000,000 HOME OWNERS Over 14,000,000 American fam- ilies own the homes in which they live; and there are more than 44,- 000,000 savings accounts and more than 121,000,000 insurance policies in effect. Read the Crescent Want Ads. programs; exhibits at local, county, state and national fairs and exhibi. tions; and window displays; are rep- resentative of activities to advance the cause of vocational education in agriculture. (Parts taken from F. F. A. Man- ual, pp. 4-b.) Paul Gray. CAN'T SLEEP ON LEFT SIDE, GAS BOTHERS HEART Mr. Woodrow Lowry says: "When I laid on my left side stomach GAS seemed to bother my heart so I couldn't sleep. The first dose of ADLERIKA relieved the GAS. Now I can eat such things as beans, onion-s or tomatoes without distress. "When clogged bowels cause gas bloating, stomach pains, indigestion, bad head- aches or sleepless nights, get-AD- LERIKA. The first dose usually relieves GAS and stubborn consti- pation. Thorough action yet never gripes. Oscar S. Marold, Drugs. $2.00 A YEAR-- 52 ISSUES. GET YOUR MONEY'S WORTH SUBSCRIBE FOR THE CRESCENT %cam Eo 00ritc : What do the ad's for Help Wanted Say?--- Writ__e me a letter. Can you write one that will get the job? GET MY BOOK AND LEARN ONLY $120 C. M. Buck, "THE MOUNTAIN PENMAN" Saguache .:. Colorado Fall Specials t Shingles and Flooring WHILE THEY LAST Shingles . .................... $ I. 15 Bundle Fur Flooring 1st grade... Fur Flooring 2nd grade... Fur Floring 3rd grade... $65.00 M $55.00M $42.50 M Dan Howard Phone 22W - -:- - Saguache, Colorado GORGE SCENIC LINE OF THE WORLD OOLL-AI00 has E TY I-! 5 Total Colol'ado Tax for School purposes --$573,422.72 Tax paid in Sa- guaehe County for RODS Schools-$31,493.49. Total, Colorado Tax for Road purpqses-- $83,- 792.92. Tax paid in Sa- guache County for Roads $562.- 37. Total Colorado Tax for gener,l , County purposes $266,384.07 Tax paid in Sa- guache County for general Co- ttty purposes $14,399.73. Total Colorado Tax for City & Townf purposes --$30,149.44 Tax paid in Sa- guache Courty $164.76. Total Colorado Tax for general State purposes-- $32,159.36 Tax paid in Saguache County for general State purposes.-- $1,912.83. Rio G00ande Property Tax Paid in Colorado During 1937 $985,908.51 Rio Grande Pioperty Tax Paid Saguache County $48,533.18 The Denver & Rio Grande Western, serving more of Colorado than any other railroad, pays the largest individual pro- perty tax bill in Colorado. The Rio Grande believes in good school, good roads, and efficient state, county and .municipal government. The Rio Grande is a substantial taxpayer fully awake to the obligations and responsibili- ties of good citizenship. In this position the Rio Grande stands shoulder to should- er 'tvith you and all other good citizens in seeking progress and prosperity for our community. The Rio Grande strives, not only to be a good citizen, but to be a progressive rail- road. You have a direct interest in the Rio Grande tax problem, because railroad taxesl like all other expenses, must be paid from revenue collected from you shipper or traveler. You and the Rio Grande are therefore business associates. Upon us, as fellow citizens and fellow taxpayers, lles the responsibility for keep- ing government as our servant, to the end that we shall not become slaves to gov- ernment. EORGE F. DODGE D. & R. G. W. Tax Commissioner 346 Equitable Bldg., Denver, Colorado I