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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
November 7, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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November 7, 1901

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COLORADO SUGAR FACTORIES WILL MARKET THEIR PRODUCT Denver, Nov. 2.--The News, in a re- view of the beet sugar situation, says: "IIigh-class granulated sugar is be- lng placed on the market in Colorado at 84.80 per 100 pounds. This sugar crones from Colorado factories and is supplied largely by the independent companic~s, whose plants are now in active operation. The sugar is not be- ing pl,~ed in warehouses, as was ex- l)eeted a very short time ago, but is shipped by the carload to principal *points of distribution. The anouncement cannot fail to be received with special gratification by thousands of farmers who have con- setentiously entered upon the culture of the sugar beet, and who were alarmed a few weeks ago by the news thqt the tmist had lowered the price of sug'lr to 3~ cents. This price meant that the Colorado plants would be op- erated at a loss and farmers wouhl be obliged to enter into new contracts tit lower rates with the sugar comI)anies as soon as present contracts expire. Thanks to the united front presented by the beet sugar men and also to a quiet tip from ~Vashington, tl~e sugar trust came to a conclusion that it had too big a fight upon its hands, and suddenly receded from its arro.gant at- titude. The price of sugar at the Mis- souri river was advanced by the trust 4 cents and the tnlst (lid not attempt to carry the war into the Rocky moun- tain region. President Roosevelt's ut- terance in favor of home industry as- sisted in clearing the situation, and, although the rate is not back exactly to the figure~ which were quoted be- fore the trust threw down the gaunt- let, the conditions are so far relieved that the men of large capital who are interested in the sugar industry in Col- orado have confidence in the final out- come. While all danger is not passed and wMle the trust will undoubtedly make a hard fight in Congress for the removal of the tariff on sugar from Cuba and Porto Rico, it is not believed that the trust will have its way entire- ly. This is the opinion expressed hy competent Colorado men. The atn]osphere is clearing and the contracts signed for additional factor- ies at Greeley and Eaton, and the great increase in cop'icily of plants in the valley of the Arkansas indicate which w'ly the wind is blowing. It is estimated that Colorado will call for 35,000,(X)0 pounds of sugar for the twelve months now entered upon. The total estimated sugar product of the four large factories now operating in the state will exceed this amoum. The question of market for ti~e surplus sugar is one to be decided and sugar men say the market must be in the region of the Missouri rivet'. There the factori(~ of Colorado come into direct contact with the trust made sugar and there the battle royal nmst be fought ont. The cool heads in eharg(, of the financial departments of the Color'tdo plants 'ire now seriously considering the problem. In the meantbne the main part of this year's product will he placed on the market. C. M. Cox, manager of tile. Eaton Sugar Cmnl)any, whose plant is to be erected in the edge of the town of Eaton, this state, is in the city on lmsiness counseled with the cOral)any. He says (he plant will bc capable of handling 700 tons of beets daily and will be absolutely up to date. T'he cOnlliany has awarded the con- tract for /mihling the 1)lant to the same comi/any that is buihling the plant at Loveland, and farmers have pledged 4,00,0 acres. COMMISSIONER HERRMANN WOULD AMND LAND LAWS Washington, Nov. 2.--The annual re- port of Commissioner IIernmnn, of the general land el?ice, says that 15,562,- 796 acres of public land were disl>osed of during the last fiscal year, an in- crease (~f 2,108,908 over the previous yeqr, which was the banner year in public land s'lles. The net surplus from the entire ]and and fore, st admin- istration is $3,458,442. The report refel"s to the large number of prosecutiolts begun in ldaho and Montana for perjury and subornation of perjury in entries of land under the timber and stone act, which entries, it says, apparently were made for speculative purposes and have become the property of one man. T~ais person, who is not mentioned by name, main- tains that he purchased the land in good faith and without knowledge that the entries were invalid. The commissioner says that if this is true cancellation proceedings by the general land office would entail much haxdship. He says, therefore, that the law should be repealed to protect innocent persons who may invest money in lands to which the pez~ons shown by the re- cords to be owners have no lawful title. Recomendations for legislation are: Repeal or modifieation of the act of June 16th, 1898, to protect homestead settlers who enter the military or naval service in war time; compulsory at- tendance of witffesses at hearings of reports of special land grants involv- ing the validity of entries of public to timeber and um~served public lands, and the enactment of a general l'lw to afford t~ supply of timber for settlers and other parties in need thereof, and at the same time preserve tile forests for the use of future generations; ex- tension of the forest fire act to meet the various causes o.f fires and over- come the danger from every source; modification of the act permitting ex- change of land within forest reserva- tions for those without by a proviso that the relinqui~shed tract has uot been unnecessarily exhausted; that the lands shall be of approximately the same value, and rejecting sucll selec- tions for land returned as agricultural, if before approval it is found to be WASHINGTON GOSSIP. Thomas W. Cridler, third assistant secretary of state, has accepted the tender of the Louisiana exposition management the po~t of European director of that enterprise. At a recent meeting of the executive comnlittee of the William McKinley National MemorPtl Arch Association, it was detcl'nfincd to atI(~nl)t to raise $1,500,000 for constructing the propos- ed arch. The c~stimales for tim expenditures of the interior department dm'ing the fiscal year beginning next July aggre- gate 8170,(XX),000, of which $142,161,- 200 is asked for pensions and tile ad- ministi-ative work of the pension bu- reau. On the 29th ult., iu $~ecordance with an old" custom among oflicial~ of tim government, Secretary llay went out on the plaza south of the St'its, -War and Navy Department buihling, and planted a tree. Assistant Secretary Adce performcd a like ceremony. Ellis tI. Iloberts, treasurer of the United States, in his report of the transactions of his office during the last fiscal yeur, says the treasury wqs never stronger lh'm at the close of that period. The operations, which were of the first order, both in variety anti magnitude, resulted in noteworthy changes in the paper currency, as wcll as a steady und healthful growth of gold in the treasury and in the general stock. Brigadier General Fred C. A~ns- worth, chief of the record and l)ension office, in his annual report to the sccre- tary of war, shows that 181,9(i2 cases were received and disposed of during the fiscal year. His report relates nmin- ly to recor(Lu of officers and sohliers kept for the ,lrmy and the pension of- lice. It also de'lls with medals of honor, as the record of soldiers receiv- ing medals arc furnisimd the proper officers through General Ainsworth's lmreau, lie reviews at some length the subject of medals of boner, and the laws under which they are granted. General Ainsworth says the past year has witnessed the practical completion of the work, so many years in progress, of the publication of the official records of 1he Union and Confederate armies during the civil war. They nmke a total of 125,730 pages of text. Chief Greely, chief signal officer, in his annual report says: "The opera- tions of signal corps have been co- existent with the operations of the army of tim Unitcd States, not theoretic'flly, but on bruad lim~s and activities which have comprised practically the entire area, not only of the United States proper, but also of Alaska, Cuba, Porto Rico, the Philip- pines and a 1)ortion of China." Gen- eral Greely says the corps should be lncreascnl to meet present demands. 2"here have been constructed 336 miles of telegr'q)h line In Alaska, and at- mineral; withdrawal of all public lands ~ rangements have becn made with the more valuable for fm'est uses than for Canadian government to use its lines other purposes from settlement, entry, to Alaska. The signal corps oper'ttes sale and other disposition, and holding 3,348 miles of telegraph in Cuba, an in- them for th(~ protection and utilization crease of 162 miles during tile year. of their timber; establishment of no- The operations of the corps in the Phil- tional parks to preserve prehistoric lppines have been very extensive, ruins, petrified fo-ests, caves and for there baying beeu 4,K51 miles of tele- other purposes; appropriation of at graph line, an increa.se of 2,054 miles least $185,000 to prevent depredations during the year. The military cable upon public timber and for protection lines in the PhiliPI)ines connect with of public lands from unlawful entry or Mindoro, Marinduque, Masbate, So- appropriation, and $10,000 to protect mar, Leyte, Cebu, Negros, Mindanao, timber on unreserved lands against fires; protection of fish and game in forest re,ryes; relief of bona fide set- tlers within forest reserves who set- tled prior to the establishment thereof. but who failed from ignorance or from unavoidable accident to place their claims on recor.d within the statutory Jolo and Siasi. In his annual rcIIort Ul)OU the condi- tion and services of the United States mqrine corps for tim past year, Brig- adler General Charles Iteywood re- nears a fornlcr rccommcnd'ltion that Congress shall nhqke the rank of the conlmandant of khe nlarinc, corps that land; repeal of several laws relating period. ll.f~ll~~~~@~~ ~q~'*'l~ t RITISH MEET WITft ICOLORADO CHILDREN SERIOUS_____REVERSESI AT PASTEUR_____INSTITUTE London, Nov. 2.--Lord Kitehener'sI Chicago, Nov. 2.--Eight children, ae- report of another disaster to the Brit-[eompanied by their parents, ended a lsh army in South Africa has caused ] 1,500 mile race for life last evening at a sensation in London, and there is a lthe Chicago Pasteur institnte. Another feeling that the disaster is greater than the dispatches so far, which are all official, outline. 'file Boers in eastern Transvaal seem to have rushed Colonel Benson's colunm, inflicting a loss of two guns, ten officers including Colonel Benson, and fifty-four men killed and 160 non- commissioned officers and men wound- ed. Four of tile latter have since died. It is believed now that every man available will be sent to South Africa. Following is the text of Lord Kitch- ener's dispatch: "I have Just heard of a severe at- tack made on the rear guard of Colonel Benson's column when about twenty miles northwest of Bethel, near Bro- ken Lassie, during a thick mist. "The strength of the enemy is re- ported to have been a thousand. They rushed two guns with the 'rear guard, but it is uncertain whether they were able to remove them. "I fear our casualties are, heavy. Colonel Benson was wounded, but not seriously. A relieving column will reach him this morning." Later Lord Kltchener te!egraphed as follows: "Colonel Barter, who marched from the constabulary line yesterday, reached Benson's column early this .morning (Friday) unopposed. He re-: ports that Colonel Benson died of his wounds." New Jersey's Pure ]Food Law. New York, Nov. 2.--What is said to be the strictest pure food law in the United States went into effect in New Jersey yesterday. Everything that cau come into use for human consumption as food or drink is in- eluded under the law. The inspection will even take In-canned goods. It does not matter whether these or any- thing else is manufactured or put up outside of the state or in It, they are liable to come under the ban of the law if the analysis shows them to be unfit for human food. Troops Captured by Caoollmlm. London, Nov. 2.--A special dispatch from Antwerp says that a detachment of black troops recently sent by the Congo authorities to quell a revolt at Balingis, In Kassal, was captured, and that the soldiers were murdered, roasted and eaten, i child will arrive to-day. Tim young- sters, r'tnging in age from 4 to 9 years, came from Colorado Springs, where they were bitten last Sunday by a dog afflicted with rabies. Fearing hy- drophobia, their parents began the long journey to have the chihlren treat- ed. The victims were met at the in- stitute by Dr. A. Logorio, who admin- istered the first injection of serum. To insure sucecss Dr. Logorio prefers to administer the first treatment within five days of the time tile bite was in- flicted. If the children had not ar- rived when they did, he says, rabies probably would have developed and death might have resulted. Dr. Logorio said last night that the children would recover. His patients were: Charles Gregory, Catherine Lamb Nellie, Chester and Margaret McAul- iffe and Agnes Vanderverter and Hazel Meech. The victims are children of mechan- ics employed in Colorado Springs. The animal which caused the trouble was a little black and tan dog owned by Mrs. E. F. MeAuliffe. German TemLierance Society. New York, Nov. 2.--A dispatch to the London Times and' the New York Times from Berlin says ~he society for cmfibatting the use of spirituous liquors has begun a conference at Ber- lin. Baron yon Giridt said at the confer- ence that he believed that alcohol would one day be universally recognlz. ed as an enemy of civilization, :but at present it was only posslble to recom- mend moderation in its use. Seven hundred and fifty millions of dollars was yearly spent in Germany on in- toxicating liquors. It was estilnated that the average German consumed the equivalent of five glasses of spirits a day. Will Act a~ Governor, San Juan, Porto Rico, No~r. 2.-- Charles Hartzell of Colorado, ~he newly-appointed secretary of Porto Rico, ar,'lved Thursday. After an all- day consultation with Governor Hunt and the cabinet Mr. Hartzell immedi- ately assumed office. He will become acting governor Monday, when the governo~, will start on a week's trip into the Interior. of major general. This reconnncnda- tion, it is state(l, is eml)arr'issing to the general, inasnmch as action wonld result in his own promotion, but he points out that the present authorized strength of the corps, 6,062 men, should entitle the commandant to the rank of major general, as the army regulations provide that the apI)ro- priate comnmnd for a major general is four regiments, and 4,800 men. Gen- eral Iteywood strongly recommends that the law providing that officers of the navy who served with honor dur- ing the civil war mqy retire with the next highest rank be extended to the 'marine corps. The total number of casualties in the enlisted force of the corps during the past year cansed by discharges, desertions, deaths and re- tirements was 2,580. At the date of the report, October 1, there were sev- enty-two officers and 2,118 enlisted men of the corps :it the various sta- tions in the far East. The estimates for the entire postal service for the fiscal year ending June 30,190~% aggregate $135,8~5,596. This i,s inclusive of $1,037,370 for depart- mental salaries and $216,650 for con- tingent expenses. The total for rural ,free delivery is $6,250,000, an increase of $2,750,000 over the current year. The compensation for the postmasters amounts to $20,000,000; letter carriers and substitute and temporary carriers, $17,430,450; star route service, $6.715,- 0(Y) railroad transportation, railway postal car service and raihvay mail service, $52,4(;3.456. The grand total for inland mail fransportation is $63,- 019,956. and for foreign mails 82,F~t2,- (DO. Tile total manufacture of postage stamps is $280,000; stamped envelopes and newspaper wrappers, $716,000; postal cards. $177,000; registered pack- age tags, official and dead letter envel- opes, $14(i,000; fees to special delivery messengers, $742,000. The total for mail depredation service and all other wants of the fourth assistant postmas- ter geenral is $62(;,0(X1. The issue of ordinary stamps fer the next fiscal year is "estimated at 4,870,710,731, against ahnost 4,500,000,000 during the current year. The postal cards are expected to reach an aggregate of 735,- 156,608. Ordinary postage stamps is- sued during the fiscal year closed ,July last numbercd 4,154,$38,3(X), including 187,383,000 of the Pan-American com- memorative issue. Of all these 46,805,- 460 were of 8 and 10-cent denomina- tions. It is estimated that the issue of 8 and 10-cent stamps for the ner two years will increase al)out thirty per cent. yearly, and that all other de- nominations aud special dellw,ry stamps will increase at 'least eight per cent. yearly. Tim issue of books of staml,s next year is estimated at 6,- 75O, OOO. COLORADO NOTES. 4 The Mm'ris Millitaxy band is prepar- ing to open ~ ,popuhu'-priccd theater in Pueblo. William Stevens is preparing to es- tablish a creamery "It Erie, having se- cured the promise of a good quantity of milk. Denver's building permits during October aggregated $350,9(;5. Over one-half of this ainount is for eighty- six residences. The Denver & Rio Grande freight de- pot at Denver will be enlarged by the addition of a new two-story building 481 feet long and forty-eight feet wide. At Denver, Richard Thompsou, aged seven years, who has a record of hav- ing stolen two horses and buggies and three bicycles, has been arrested agaiu for stealing a bicycle. Sales of tickets during October at the Union depot in I)ueblo amounted to $25,954.40, against 82:1,215.80 for the corresponding 1)eriod last year, an in- crease of nearly $5,000. The police court at LoveI'md beard eoml)laims against about thirty boys for disorderly conduct on Ilqllowe'en. Twenty-two were found guilty and each fined $5 and costs. It cost a nnmber of students of the University "of Denver the sum of 850 to toss a post-gra(hmte student in a blanket, lie was badly injured and they had to foot the doctor bills. The Portlaml Cenlent Company has decided upon a location seven miles cast of Florence. It will talte four nlonlhs t0 creel the plant, and when (.ompleted it will have a capacity of 1,000 barrels a day. Frederick II. Morley, junior member of the Shields-Morley Grocery Corn- ') 1)uny of C( h)rado Springs, died in Phil, adelphia November 3r(1, of hmg dis- case. Itis wife. mother and son were with him at the time of his death. ()it the evening of October 1st, sixty servant girls met in the Charles block in 1)enver and organized a union under a charter from the American Federa- lion of Labor. They will insist on shorter hours and one day off each week. Seven members of the football team of tile I)enver Manual Training high school rcturnt d 1,ome from Boulder bat- tered, 'bruised and physically dilapi- dated after their recent game with the prcI)aratory students of the State Uni- versity. The hoodhmls of Dcnver celebrated IIallowe'en on the night of October 3:1st by derailing electric ears, cutting telegraph wires, tearing up bridges and culverts, stealing g'ltes and per- forming many other kinds of deviltry. All this in spite of a considerable de- tail of extra policemen. The Phillips County Cattle and IIorse Protective Association has just com- pleted a dipping vat for the purpose of IN THE ODD CORNEK QUEER AND CURIOUS THINGS AND EVENTS. The Strenuous Stinging Done by Hornets and Wasps--Farmer Acts Like a Mad- man When He Ploughs Up a Hornets' Nest. A littl0 Joy; A little strife; ttope, fear, hate, love--- And this ls life. :A little pain; A shortened breath; Ease, rest, peace, sleep-- And this is deatL. The song, the sigh, The evening call~ Thus live, thus die, Thus pass we all. --Arthur J. Burdick. STRENUOUS STINGER~ "I read in one of the ~agazines re- cently something about the sting of the bees," said a citizen to the New Or- leans Democrat, "and I was reminded of an expericence I had with a friend ~ome time ago while in the country. He was ploughing over behind a small clump of hills, and they were well wooded almost down to the fence line It is a section which is noted for mak- ing wildcat whisky, and this fact threw me off the track, as will appear here- after. I was approaching my friend from the hillside. I was riding. Sud- denly I thought he glanced at me, and at the time tie rushed around hurriedly to the singletree, unhooked the trac~ chains, threw them across the horse's back, and the animal struck out on a dead run down the turning row which ~plit the ravine. My friend followed, and it was a race for who laid the rail. as they say in the country. I could see through it all in a minute. My friend, had been making moonshine whisky, and he thought I was a United States marshal. I split my sides laughing over the thought of the thing, and then I struck out down the ravine after him. I traveled some distance before catching sight of my friend and his horse. Finally I found them close to a branch, and my friend was stooping down occasionally, picking up some- thing and smearing it on his hands, face and neck. 'Hello, Ball,' I said ~milingly, 'I guess you thought I was a United States marshal.' 'United States h--!' he said, almost uncivilly; 'I ridding the eeuntry of mange and other ploughed up a hornets' nest.' A~nd sure skin disorders which have been affect- i enough he had, and both the man and ing the cattle for some time. The ea- i the horse were as knotty as a hickory pacity of the plant is about 700 cattle limb as the result of it all. The bee per day. may be a good stinger, but the hornet Since Mr. Eilers' retirement from the is the fieetest thing on wings when it general man'~gement of the Pueblo ~ comes to using the stinger with swift- lllants of the American Sinelting and ness and effect. That reminds me Refining Company they have been of the curious methods of bees an~ placed under three superintendents, as follows: L.G. Eakin, Philadelphia smelter; W. It. IIoward, Pueblo plat.t, and P. A. Mossimm. Colorado plant. The fall mceting of the teachers of the sixth normal institute was held at Cht~'enne ~Vells October 25th and 26th. The officers elected for the coming year "ire: Miss Cora ttamilton, pres. ident; Miss Lucy ~Vill, secretary, and Superintendents IIobart, Trusley and Thomi)son, vice presidents. The county commissioners of Gilpin county haw~ decided to postpone for another year, submitting the que,stion of establishing a county high school, to a vote of the people. The petition ask- ing the board to snbmit to the people for vote the issnam,e of $250,000 bonds for a county system of water works was not acted on. John Brisben Walker, publisher of the Cosnmpolitan magazine, has writ- ten to Mayor Wright of Denver offer- ing to sell to the city what is known as River 1,'rent park. on the Platte riv- er between that and the 1;nion depot. lle values the prol)erty at $1,000,000. but will donate 8.t(~),(X)0 of the amount if his offer is accepted. President William S. Sloeum of Col- orado College at Colorado Sl)rings has been granted alcave (if absence for one year, and will leave Colorado De- cember 10th for a trip abroad that will continue until next September. Professor Edwin S. Parsons, vice pres- ident of the college, will be in charge during the absence of I)r. Slocum. According to lhe monthly statement of Baggage Agent J. G. Campbell at the Union dei>ot in l~enver, he and his meu handlcd 74,4-t4 pieces of baggage in October. A year ago 58.:198 I)ieces were handled, showing an increase of 16,246 pieces for :19{)1 over 1900. I)ur- ins September of this year 92.334 pieces were received and forwarded. On the night of October 2nd, at Den- ver, Mrs. A. 5I. IIoskin, a woman six- ty-four years old, was (Mmimllly as- saulted by an unknown mar in her own room at 2144 ~Volton street. She was so seriously injured that she had to be taken to a hospitql, where it wa~ stated that her recovery was consider- ed doubtful. There have been several other assaults upon womeu and girls recently. Senator James ~V. Bucklin, Alvin N. Bucklin, Joseph Dulmainc, Arthur Gormley and William Lesimr started for Fruits from Grand Jnnctiou on the night of the 2nd to attend a fus- ion meeting. At)oat four miles west of town, when deicing over a bridge that was undergoing repairs, the occupants of the carriage were thrown out. Sen- ator Bucklin was injured and Gorm- ley had three ribs and his collar bone broken. A drill contest and entertainment by the n~iformed drill teams of the W~ood- men of the World and Women of ~Vooderaft for the championship of Colorado will be given in Coliseum hall. Denver, on Monday evening, No- vember 11th. The Violet Guards of Leadville and the gr'~nd officers will be present. An excursion rate of one and one-fifth fare from all Colorado points, on the eertiIicate plan, has been securc~. A large attendance is antici- pated. The drill is given under the auspices of the Western Woodman, thivgs of that sort in stinging," the narrator continued. "Take the honey bee, for instance. Now, the honey bee is what you might call a lazy, clumsy, docile sort of stinger. Really, the bee is awkward when compared with other insects. The bumble bee is a trifle more vigorous, and there is a deal more of what one may call action in its movements. It is a striking sort of sting, and I have seen children almost knocked down by these heavier mem- bers of the bee family. It is a mean sting to handle, too, and does not yield so quickly to tretament. The hornet and the yellow Jacket sting on the wing, as it were. They do their work quickly, but thoroughly, and they gen- erally leave a record behind them that they would have no cause to fee ashamed of if they had this elemen: in their makeup. But there is my old friend, the wasp. I want to ~peak of him. He is the prince of stingers. You may not forget him so quickly when he stings you. He leaves a sort of waspy taste in your mouth, and it is anything but pleasant, and it is a taste you will remember even after the years have gone by. The wasp is a lingering sort of fellow. He lovingly and ca- ressingly stings, perche.~ for a while on one's neck, I may say, and then hums about his business. But really, while the wasp lingers longer than other insects while stinging, he also shows more anger, and is probably the most spiteful member in the list of stinging insects." WAYS TO CATCH TURTLES. Frank T. Bullen in his new book "A Sack of Shakings," introduces his readers to the remora, or "sucker," a species of shark that never exceeded a dozen pounds in weight. He says: "On the top of its head is a flat, oval con- trivance which is an adhesive attach- ment of such strength that, when by this means the fish is holding on to a plane sur.tace, it is impossible to drag the body away, except by almost tear- ing the fish in half. Yet by the flexing of some simple muscles the fish can re- lease its body Instantly or as instantly reattach itself. The remora does not by any means limit its company to ships. It is exceedingly fond of attach- ing itself to the body of a whale, and also to some of the larger sharks. In- deed, it goes a step farther than mere outward attachment in the latter case, because well-authenticated instances are recorded where several suckers have been found clinging to a huge shark's palate. This is another stage on the way to pertect parasitism, be- cause under such circumstances these daring lodgers needed not to detach themselves any more. Tiley had only to intercept sufficient food for their wants on its way from the front doo~ to the interior apartments. I have also seen them clinging to the jaw' of a sperm whale, but that jaw was not in working order. It was bent outward a'~ right angles to the body and afford- ed harborage to a most comprehensive r eo.eeUon of parasl~es, ~ar~acles esp$~ ciallY g~ving the front elevation of that whale an appearance utterly unlike anytl~mg with life." But the Chinaman has outwitted the superlatively 12tzy remora. By a way one must regard as a triamph of ingenuity he has suc- ceeded in converting the very means whereby this born-tired fish usually escapes all necessity for energy into an instrument for obtaining gain for oth- er people. The mode Is as follows: "First catch your remora. No diffi- culty here. A hook and line of the simplest, a bait of ahnost anything that looks eatable lowered by the side of a ship, and if there be a sucker hid- den there he will ~e after the lure in- stantly. The only skill necessary is to haul him up swiftly when he bites, be- cause if he be allowed to get hold of the ship again you may pull the hook out of i~is jaws, but you will not suc- ceed in detaehing him. Having caught a remora, the fisherman fastens a brass ring closely around its body, jnst at its smallest part before the spread of the tail. To this he attaches a long, fine and strong line. He then depart~ for the turtle grounds with his prison- er. Arriving there he confines him- self to keeping the remora away from the bottom of his boat by means of a bamboo. Of course the captiw~ gets very tired, and no turtle can pass with- in range of him without his hanging on to that turtle for a rest. The mo- ment he does so the turtle's fate is sealed. Struggle how he may, he can- not shake loose the tenacious grip of the sucker, and the stolid yellow man in the sampan has only to haul in up- on the line to bring that unwilling tur- tle within range of his hands and lift him into the boat."--Chicago News. COLD ICE AND WAR~[ ICE. The college professor asked the rest of us whether ice was colder in winter than it was in summer. Now, to the rest of us, ice was ice, and therefore we could not see now it could remain ice and be either colder or warmer. Then the professor explained the thing in this fashion: "If a thermometer is buried in ice in summer it will indi- cate 32 degrees. If you throw a piece of ice into boiling water, and leave it there until it is almost gone, what is left will be still at 32 degrees. Ice can never be gotten above that tem- perature. But while ice can never be warmed above 32 degrees, it will go as much below that as the weathe~ does. An iceman delivering ice one zero day in January was asked whethe~ his ice was any colder than in July. He tnought not. But, as a matter o! fact, a piece of summer ice, if he had had it, would have been something ot a foot warmer for him, as it would have been ;~0 degrees warmer than th~ a~r of the bottom of his wagon. Mix- ing salt with ice makes it much cooler The ice in a wine cooler goes down to about zero. This is why the point zer~ on our common thermometers was fix- ed where it is. It was supposed to b~i the lowest point which could be reach- ed by artificial means. Since then we have recahed about 383 degrees belo~ zero by chemical processes. Ice will cool down with everything else on a cold night to zero or below. What should prevent it? On a day when it Is just freezing a block of iron, a bloel~ of ice, outdoors, will stay at 32 de. grees. If the weather grows warme~ the iron will warm up with the weath. er, but the ice will stay at 32 degree~ and melt away. But if the weathe~ grows colder the iron and ice will cool off, and one just as much as the other. As the ice grows colder it gets hard~ and more brittle. There can be n~ hickory bend on a skating "~ond on s zero day, for ice is then too brittle. Slivers of ice dipped in liquid air be- come so hard that they will cut glass. Water thrown on ice in the ~krctic re. glens will shiver it like pouring boilin~ water upon cold glass. This is becaus~ the ice is so much colder than the wa- ter."--Beverages. A SCOT NAMED THE TOWN. Mr. J. It. Stoddart, the veteran ac- tor, who is sta(ring in "The Bonnie Brier Bush" at=the Theater Republic, is a Scotchman by birth, as is als~ Reuben Fax, who plays the bibulou~ postman In Ian Maclaren's book-Play. Mr. Fax was aboard during the suRa- mer and visited relatives tn Glasgow. While there he heard a tale of twc Soots, which he related wlth much unc- tion to the appreciative Stoddart: "H was after the British had landed a force at Wet-Hat, in China," said Mr. Fax, "that two excellent Scots were dis- cussing the war news in the Broomie- law quarter of Glasgow. 'I see, Sandy, men, thet we ha' taken Wet-Hat-Wet,' said Jock, peering oveer the edge of his evening paper. 'We hoe, hoe we?' 'W~ hae, aye, we hae.' 'Hoot, men!' ex- claimed Jack, peering at him suspi. ciously. 'I'm thinkin' it was a Scot named the teen? "--New York Sun. DIgglog Deep for Gold. A scientific problem of much interest will confront the engineers of the Transvaal gold mines wheff the war between the English and the Boers is over, and that is the depth to which shafts will be sunk in search of gold- bearing veins. Some of the shafts al- ready opened will descend 4,000 to 5,000 feet, but it is thought by some of the engineers that a depth of 12,000 feet will be reached in other cases. The temperature at that depth will be about 100 degrees, the warmest, per- hops, at which men can work, hut the suggestion has been made that a still greater depth may be found practicable if means be devised for cooling tim alr.--Utica Globe. There are more than 5,000 building and loan associations in the United States, with 1,250,000 shareholders a~d total net assets of more than $45~,- 000,000.