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November 8, 1900     The Saguache Crescent
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November 8, 1900
 

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I A ~oted Chineme .5Yate~man. A noted Chi~sse statesman recently beheaded by order of the dowager em- pre~ because of ,his too liberal views was well known in diplomatic circles. at Washington, as he had served as minister from his country to the United States from 1886 to the latter of 1889. He was Chang Yen Hoon. His death occurred last July, but the outside world became aware of the fact only a few days since. Chang was an able diplomat and well thought of in official circles. He was a pronounced antiquarian, and while in this country made m~ny vis- its to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, ~here he could study its rare collection of priceless antiqui- ties. Especially on the specimens from his native land was he an au- thority, and his information in con- nectlon with them was of great aid to the antiquarians of the United ~Lates. A memento of his visit re this country is to he found at the ( CHANG YEN HOON. -Mstropolit~n Museum of Art. It eon- gi~' of a hammered bronze vase of the Han dynasty, and is over 2.000 years old. This was presented in 1897 while he was returning home from Queen Vlctoria's jubilee." Opera ..~nger A rre~rfed. Another American woman has been :~u~ted to the ignominy of arrest -and detention by the infamous Brigade des Moeurs" as that particular division /~s~ of the Parisian po- ~/ lice are designated, ~'ffi" which is intrusted ~':r~ with the duty of ' ~'~,~. putting into exe- ~g~ ~//Jil, cutiou the laws ~~~,,~,~ dealing with the '/j~j women c>f the half ~I~ world. The most ~1~~ recent victim of "~-" the Brigade des ~'~ Moeurs is May r~ll~. Garllck of Balti- t ore wl,e of the w "-'~,~-') Marquis de Feo. May Oarllck. She is now serious- ]y ill from the ef- fects of the brutal and vile treatment to which she was ~t~bJected by the police, who, insist- ing that she was a notorious charac- ter, arrested her and kept her for sev- eral hours in prison until she was identified. Then she was released with the usual apologies. May Garlick, prior to her unfortunate marriage, ~as one of the leading singers of the Castle Square Opera company at the =American theater in New York. Her husband, ~ho Is an Italian. deserted her after shamefully maltreating her, leaving her without means. Whereupon abe returned to the operatic stage, making her European debut at Monte earle. Dr. Edward A. Ross, who has been at the head of the department of economics and sociology in Stanford university since 1898, has ~ust been elected an associate member of the In- stitute International de Sociologle at Paris, There are only five other mem- bers of this society in the United States. ~im.t ~$abb~ Jo~, 'Daughter of Gee. Dan W. Jones, Who Wlll Christen the Monitor Arkansas i at Newport News,-Va.. Nov. 10. Gen. Fro~ ~'~x#~ Atffi, a~. General D. M Frost. one of the most distin,guished citizens of St. Louis. died suddenly at his home in that city last week. His death was very ~ sudden, for, al- though the general was 77 years old, he had been re- markably healthy and had not com- plained of any ill- ness. Gem Frost was a native of New~ York and a gradu-~en' D. M, Fro~L ate of West Point in the class of 1844. He had fought with distinction in the Mexican war, and the outbreak of the civil war found"him In St. Louis a prosperous lumber merchant. He took sides with the confederacy and for two years served in that caAme. The principal incident in his civil wa~ ca- reer was his defense of Camp Jackson in this city and his surrender in May, 1861, to the federal troops under Gen- eral Lyon. The state militia had been called together for their annual drill and were encamped under Frost on the outskirts of the town. Before they could find an ~pportunlty active- ly to express their sympathies with the south they were captured by the home guards and the Missouri volun- teers. After the close of the war General Frost returned to St. Louis and settled on his farm near the city. One of his sons. R. Graham Frost, who died several months ago, repre- sented a Missouri district In congress. l~nevo Llncoin o~ a ~o3/. There was held near Gale~burg, Ill., recently, a celebration in honor of the ninety-first anniversary of the birth of Joh'n T. Barnett, or Squire Barnett. as he is generally known. It took place at the log home west of Ga~es- burg, and many descendants from Knox and Warren counties were pres- ent. A peculiar interest attaches to the llfe of Mr. Barnett. for he was one of the young men friends of Abraham Lincoln. who was a few months his senior. The squire says that Lincoln and he were often together, and that,although he thought much of Lincoln, he never voted for him but once, and that was when he ran for the legislature against Peter Cartwrlght. He recalls many pleasant incidents. W,hen he first be- came acquainted with Lincoln the I~" 5 i JOHN L~ BARNETT. ter was engaged.with William Berry, son of John Berry, in running a gro- cery. ~o~er~ A~ree on C~ma. The agreement between Great Brit- ain and Germany. on a common Chi- nese policy is accepted by the United States and Russia as a pledge rather than as a guide to their own action. In responding our government simply assents to principles which it was the first to formulate, namely, the prin- ciple of the open door and the prin- ciple of the preservation of Chinese territorial and administrative entity. Under the circumstances an assump- tion of leadership on the part of the two contracting powers would be absurd, and we have only to reaffirm our own views without giving prom- ises. ~Rece,~Jed ~25o000 ~Per ../'on~, Two years ago Mme. Alva, a singer famous in Austra- lia, volunteered to sing one evening at Bendigo before some nuns who were about to go into retreat. She is now Informed that a wealthy Au- stralian, in recog- nltion of her kind- ,_ hess, "as well as Mine. Alva. of her magnificent endowment as a vocalist." has left her $175,000, which is at the rate of $25,- 000 for each of the seven songs she rendered. Mine. Alva is a Protestant. lllinoi.r a~d Texa., The state of Illinois has 995,199 m~r~ inhabitants than It had in 1890. Its numerical gain is exceeded by NeW York and Pennsylvania alone, and is barely exceeded by the Iatter state. The percentage of gain, beings 26 per eent~ is equaled by t~at of ~o other large state, with the exceptiOn of T~g- as. The Increase in populetion in X1]i- nois between ~880 mu~ 189@ ~ 74~- 480, 4~Hng a little ~ t~m, 25 per e~t. IRINLE OF PLANTS. THE PALM IS A HOLY TREE TO MANY RACES; Dsie-Palm of OmSes ~ives Refr~sh|ng Shade. Fruits 11rid Milk--Has ~o11 the Affection of the NItlve~ and Ad~ tlon of T~velers. The palm is a holy tree to many races. To the Mohammedans the date-palm is~sacred as the fruit which Adam was permitted to bring with him out of Eden; by.the Christian all palms are revered~as having furnished the leaves which were strewn in the path of "the Messiah. The date-palm, well known as the "Prince of Palms," is regarded as the prince of all plants. A single stem. straight and slender, rises to a height of sixty, or even sev- enty-five feet, perfectly bare, unbroken by a single branch or leaf. At the top only an immense plume of feathery leaves, growing in a bunch, forms, so to speak, the capital of the vegetable column. This tuft may be from nine to twelve feet long, and at the base of its long leaves appear the fruits of the palm tree. Origlnally a native of Arabia and Northern Africa, the date- palm is pre-eminently the tree of the desert, where It grows in nearly every o~sis, and by its refreshing shade, its fruits, its milk, and its general use- fulness, has won the affection of the natives and the admiration of all trav- eler~. The date is indeed the true friend of the desert; there alone it ripens tts fruit, and without it the Sa- ,., [ ., ma~n--to convey an idea of the tlons which it thrives. Tl~ use a bold but expresstva figure: *'Tke king of the oasis,:' they say, "must plunge his feet in the water and his head in the fire of heaven." ~ e~n endure dry and short cold as low as 15 degrees above zero, and a heat of 122 degrees. The radiating sand of the desert cools off more readily than the air, and preserves at a certain depth a degree of freshness which in. vigorates the roots of the tree~. Rain is rare in the Sahara; it falls only in winter, and woos the withered plants to a new life. Sometimes it rains in torrents, but these gusts are of short duration. At Fongourt and Gnarls whole years pass without a drop of rain. Hence the very natural admira- tion and affection which is evinced by the Arab for this tree. with its sweet fruits, which grows in the sand, fed by brackish waters, that would be fatal to almost all other plants--which remains flourishing and green when all around is burnt up by the fierce rays of the pitiless ~un~which resists the winds that may bend its pliant plume to the ground, but cannot break its strong stem, composed of inter- laced fibers, nor tear it from the son. to which it clings by a thousand roots which strike deep and defy the tem- pest. It has well been said that a single tree has peopled the desert, and upon it alone is based a civilization, rudimentary, compared to our own but far advanced beyond the merely natural state. Its fruits are in de- mand tkroughout .the whole world. sufficient to procure all necessary Im- ports, and not only make the Arabs independent but affluent. The tufts hara would be uninhabitable. Arabic of palm-trees form a kind of vast par- poetry loves to praise it as a living asol, under which the air can circu- being created by God on the sixth day late, but the sun is unable to pierce of creation--at the same time with the dense c~nopy Of leaves. The main difficulty In training a war I face them unflinchingly. The second horse is to accustom the animal tel test is much more severe, The horses the thunder of firearms. A horse that can be quickly trained to the roar of cannon and musketry is an acquisition which instructors know how to appre- ciate. You hear people talk glibly enough nowadays of supplying our troops in the east with plenty of re- mounts, and it's quite evident from the remarks they make that they Im- agine they need only to lasso a few thousand wild horses in Texas, ship them off to Manila and~voilal our ~oldiers are remounted! Although most horse~ can be quickly trained to face the most wltherlng fire, many are very difficult to convince that a tre- mendous noise is not pecemarlly a "signal of danger, while some never can be taught to ignore the rattle of mus- ketry. Your correspondent has had the pleasure of visiting the farm of a trainer of-war horses, situated in the wilds of Texas. In a field adjoining the stables I found, ranged In a circle ready for instruction,some three dozen 'fine horses, In'chlding a few splendid chestnuts. The instructor stood in the center of the circle (with the horses facing him), gave the signal to the attendants to be In readiness and fired three chambers of a revolver in rapid succession. Instantly there was a great commotion. Most of the horses reared and plunged, and its was only with the greatest difficulty that some of them were prevented from breaking away and racing madly about the field. A few, On the other hand, did nothing more than prick up their ears and toss their heads, and these were promptly taken away for test. The more rest- ive ones of course were subjected to the revolver shots until they could are galloped up to a supposed company of infantry, who fire simultaneously as soon as the animals have got prop- erly into swing. The first volley usu- ally plays havoc with the formation of the advancing cavalry, and some of the horses rear so wildly that then riders have considerable difficulty in keeping their saddles. In a few mo- ments, however, the charge ia con-: tinued, a~other volley fired--this time, of course, at closer range--and the formation is once more deranged. This maneuver is contiuued until, familiar- ity having bred contempt, the horses advance as readily in the-face of mus- ketry (both volleys and "straggling" fire) as wko~ faced by nothing at an, They are then taught in p~ely the same way to disregard the boom of cannon. Once properly trained, a horse faces the d~ly fire of an enemy on the field of battle with an absolute fearlessness of which man. be he ms brave as a llon, is incapable. This, however, is only natural. The horn has been taught to believe the din of battle to be quite mean/hales and without result. When In.actual wax, fare, he sees horses and men around him shattered and lifeless, there is nothing to suggest to him that that same din of battle and death are in any way connected, and the reports of firearms, consequently,for him have no terrors whatever. The whistling of bullets and the screaming of shells ~unknown, of course, at the maneuv- ers at home--while insignificant de- tails to the horse, are sadly full of meaning to the man, and often enough do our so4dlers envy the Ignorance of the horse~the "ignorance which is bliss." A writer in Le Monde Illustre de- scribes the unique industry recently es- tablished in Tananarive, Madagascar, of making silk products from the thread of the "Halab~" spiders of that island~ He does not expect that the output will ever be, very great, owing tO the difficulty of getting a sufficient supply of spiders. This animal is quite difficult to reproduce, since the female, which alone yields the thread, is so fe- rocious and ravenous that the male cannot approach .her except with the greatest precaution, and not until after he has assured ~lmself of her feelings; for, in most cases, she kills and eats him. So these insects multi- ply only in certain favored places, such as the extensive woods of mango trees of the royal garden in the vi- cinity of Tananarive, where they do not devour one another, since they are' there a~ured of an abundance of food. The writer thus describes the opera- tion of taking the thread of the epl6er: "During the course of my visit, I had an opportunity of seeing the operation of reeling the silk from the spider per- formed under my eyes, and was ena- tded to photograph the different phases of this very curious process. In the first place, the spiders are brought from the country in light baskets by Maiagash women on the very day upon which the silk is to be reeled. It is important, in fact, that they shall be left shut up together for but a short time, since they have an unfortunate habit of devouring one another, and the risk would be run of eventually finding nothing but a single survivor! hs oger~tor then proceeds as in reel- in@ Silk, that is to say, he unites sev- eral~ threads and twists them ~t the same time that they are reeled, so as to produce a thread of the deelre~ else." G|obe-Trotteru Be~t The~ Wa~y.~ Fr~nz Skla and Karl Oretech, young Austrians, arrived in New York the other day on the Kaiser Friedrich, and are busily en,ga~ed in beating their way around the earth. They have a wager of $20.000 with Chevalier de Kamaroff, a Russian nobleman. These men are 23 years old each. and are ex- pert electricians. Their chief stock in trade Is an ~bllity to do tricks on a wheel. They fared pretty well in E'u. rope. and had 230 marks on leaving Hamburg on Sept. 12. This, a~ordlng to contract, they had to give to som~ charitable Institution, so the Red Cross society was made the beneficiary. Three years t~ the space of time In which the tour must be comple~d. Every capital of every country in the world must be visited and the travel. ere must land in Vienna without a cent. They worked their way across the Atlantic as pantry stewards an~ expect to do the same on the Pacific.- New York Letter Chicago Tribune. ]Dllmp~t~ ]LoemUt~F M~de Attawetlve. Through the influence of the women who took up the matter of planting and eultiwating trees on College Hill Cincinnati, a dilapidated locality has become attractive, and property in that section has advanced 25 per cent in valse in two or three year& Before the next ttmrlst season opens the Swiss railway from Spis~ to FoUU. pn will be co.isled. THli OLD DAGUERREOTYPE~. Up in the attic I found them, locked in the cedar chest. Where. the flowered gowns lie folded, which once were brave as the beet; And. like the queer- old jackets and the wMetcoat Say with stripes, They tell of a worn-out fashion--these old dag'uerrotypes. Quaint little folding c~mee fastened with tiny hook, Seemingly made to tempt one to lift up the latch an~i look. Llnln~ of purple velvet, odd little frames of gold, Circling the faded f~e brought from the days of old. ~randp~ and grandma, taken ever so long a~o, Grandma's bonnet a marvel, grandpa's collar a show; Mother, a tiny toddler, with rings on her baby hands Palnted--lest none should notlce--in gllt- tering, gilded bands. Aunts and uncles and cousins, a starchy and stiff array, Lovers and brides, then blooming, bui now so wrinkled s.nd K~Y. Out through the misty glasses they gaze at me. slttdn~ here Opening the qua/nt old ca~ee with a smile that is half a tear. I will smile no more little pictures, for heartless it wrest' in truth, To drag to the cruel daylight these ghosts of a vanished youth. Go back to your cedar chamber, your gowns and your la~er, And dream, 'mid their bygone graces, of the wonderful days that were. --Joe Lincoln. in Saturday Evening Post. I A Sensible Woman. { A party of married men were talk- ing about their wives, and it is worthy of note that every man was glad he had a wife and was anxious to tell of her good points, relates Win. J. Lump- ton, in the September "New Lippln- cott." "I never heard my wife swear bull once," said one of them when thereI seemed to be a lull In the praise meet-I ing. l All the others looked shocked. If{ any of them had ever heard their wives ] swear, they were not telling It, and" they resented the frankness of the one man who was apparently betraying family secrets. But the man did not regard the bad impression he had created. "And that," he continued In the same tone: "was away back yonder, thirty years or more ago, when the oil excitement in Pennsylvania agi- tated the who~.~ country. I owned a farm priced at a thousand dollar~ not because it was worth that much, but because it was all I could get of a debt. My business was very sm~tll then, and a thousand dollars represented the bulk of my capital. I had been mar- tied five years, and my wife was the very best investment I had ever made. One day I received word that o41 had been struck on the farm adjoining mine, and right away I proceeded t5 go crazy, Just as everybody else did when oil showed up anywhere in tt~e neigh- borhood. My wife showed signs, tOO, but she kept her wits about her, In- side of a week I beg~ to get offers for my farm, and | got crazier every time there came an ~er higher than the one before It. It went up like a balloon at first, until the figures got away up, and then the smaller bidders dropped out. At last an offer of a hundred thousand came from the rep- resentative Of a .~o~pany that 1 knew was worth two or three millions. ."Let It go, Johfl/' Uid my wife when I told her of this offer. "'I guess not,' said !; 'if it's worth a hundred thousand to them. it's worth a hundred thousand to me.' "' 'I tell you to let It go.' said my wle as firm as a post in the ground. " 'Not much,' said I Tit get two hun- dred thousand." "She pulled down her apron with a Jerk, a peculiarity of hers when she meant htminess. " 'You're getting a hundred times more for it than you gave,' asld she 'and you never expected to make s hundred thousand dollars in years, and you know it.' "'But I'll make a good deal more than that now,' I insisted, and started hack to my desk to write a letter de- clining the offer. "She pulled down her apron with a Jerk that made the strin~ crack. "'John Martin,' said she, 'd6n't be a d~ foull' "And I wasn't," concluded the nar- rator, "for I accepted the hundred- thOUSand dollar, and it was ninety thousand more than the company ever got off the farm, for the oil didn't seem to run that way." ]Siscip~. Chicken FTRters--C~t cold chicken into small pieces, Vut into a large dish and season with salt, pepper and lemon Juice. Let stand one hour. Make a batter of two eggs, one pint of milk, a little salt and sufficient flour. I! should not be too stiff. Stir the chiCk- en into this and fry brown, by drop- ping it ,by spoonfuls into .boiling fat. Drain and serve hot. Stunted Oysters--~tuffed oysters are something of a novelty and require delicacy and care in preparation. Put the grated yolks of four hard-boiled eggs into a basin and mix in half the quantRy of minced bacon or salt fat pork, add a teaspoonful of chopped parsley and make them all ino a paste hy adding the uncooked yolk of dne egg. Split open three dozen oys- ters, stuff them with this mixture. PUt ther~ in large oyster shells, coat them over with bread crumbs. PUt a warmed butter on top, and place them in the oven and hake until done. on a fiat dish. garnish with pieces ot fried hread and serve. Turnip Soup (]~rown)~Put a knuc- kle of heel into a quart of cook Slowly for three hours. Remove the bone and skim off all grease from th~ broth. Slice into the broth four or five small turnips and an onion.* Boil until the vegstab'es are tender. Brown four level tablespoonfuls of sifted flour to a rlah color. Stir dry into the soup. ~k~lon and allow soup to boll.up RUSSIA OF TODAY. T~o Deoresstng Poverty of the ]gusshs~ People, Poverty and illiteracy naturally go{ hand in hand. In no other great~ country of the world is poverty--unl~ cereal, monotonous, hopeless poverty~ --the national characteristic of the~ people. The only parallels I know are~ in some of the ~aikan states. At al- most any point in rural Russia yott, might think yourself in the interior eft Servia or Bulgaria, except that even lm these countries the poor peasant la~ not quite so poor, and his bearing l~ more independent. Long train Jour- neys in Russia are depreseing experi-i ences, Once past the limits of the towns, every village is the same--~ wide street or two--not really strest~ of course, but deep dust or mud, ac-~ cording to the season, and from score to a couple of hundred gray. on~ story "wooden houses, usually dilapi- dated, and a church. Russia is still first and foremost sn agricultural country; she produces including (~o, land) two thousand million bushels ot~ grain, and grain products form mor~ than half her total exports to Europe; therefore, at the right season, ther~ are great stretches of waving fields and later, the huge mounds of straw~ whence the grain has been threshed. But it is in her most fertile dlstrict~ that the worst famlnce occur, for fa- mlne--a little one every year. a big one every seven years~has now be- come a regular occurrence. And the country, as one flies across it, leaven the general impression of indigence. In sharp and painful contrast witix western Europe, there are virtually no fat stackyards, no cosey farm house. na chateau of the local lands owner, nc~ squlre's hall~pltiful assemblages of men and women :Just on the hither side of the starvation flue. And, from all one learns, disease is rife. Whole vil- lages, I was told by men who knew them well. are poisoned with syphllls, and the authorities, gravely alarmed~ at this terrible state of things, Imvo~ appointed of late, several commis- sions of inquiry to devise remedial~ measures. Drunkenness, too, is a na- tional vice, the peasant having hl~ regular bout whenever he has save~l up a small sum.--From "Rusela of: Today," by Henry Norman in the Oc- tober Scribner's. FAMILY OF DESTINY. Visitors to Corale~ Go to Bee Napok~m's ' Blrthphtee, Visitors to Corsica always go to s~ the house where Napoleon was born. A sojourn in this Napoleonic mansion: sets the imagination working when; o~te remembers the children that were~ ~ern therein. There was Joseph, the~ eldest son; Napoleon, the second: Lu- eien, I~ouls, Jerome, Caroline, Ellse. Pauline:--all the children of an oh-I notary, and in the course oftimel (and not so long, either) they w~re~ crown torn from the heads q~ ~i~,;t wore them defiantly, toot l~ th# |iJht! of the whole world, aunt caused thee I~e~ves to be embraced as brother Ivf '~inperors and kings, and ~t nationsi fell at their feet and @.llver~ tht~~, land and people to a band of (~oraican~ .adventurers. Napoleon, as emperor oft Francs; Joseph, king of Spain; Louts. l~ing of Holland; Jerome, king: of{ Westphalia; Pauline and Elise, Prln-' ceases of Italy; Caroline, queen of! Naples~all of these remarkable peo- ple were born and educated in thl~ modest house up a back street b~ a, woman unknown to fame. Letifl~ Ramolino, who at the age of fourteen, married a man equally obscure. There. is scarcely a tale in the famed "Ara-; bian Nights" that sounds more labia-* lous. There is plenty of food for re- flection in a visit to the C~a Buena-: parts, A Happy Old Aue In Burn~th. { When Burman parents are past ~; prime their children pray them tO~ h "nobosat," which means that t ey. should be at the children's charge for the remainder of their liven, as the~ children had first been at thetr~ parental The turning point lS not~ rharked by any formality, but a chiC', approaching parents on a solemn oc- casion adopts the gestures of venera- tion. The aged are not idle; they pre- serve a great elasticity of ~zMnd and~ interest in things; they study their re-: ligious book and occupy themselves with their grandchildren. When thelr~ are too old to go on pllgrimage~ With' the others they keep the house and tell~ beads alone. The old peoplw plainer clothes than the young~ and, a~cording to old Burmese fashton,l leas of it, The human .dignity of the~ aged Is of a kind that apparel can not add to. Steeped in the spirit of Budd-~ hism the aged never yield to anK~r.~ Wanting neither for necessities nmr~ honor, the pathos of their serene o|d| age is purely that of years. A peace-: tttl end is their lot.~Ferrar's Book on~ the Chinese. The '*P~test~t Pope." Pope Clement XIV. has been eall~! 'the "Protestant PoPe," because he i~ sued a bull in 1773 ~uppressing the or- der of Jesuits. This society was es-, ts, blished by Ignatius de Loyalo in 1~7i to establish the power of the Pope.: Protestants, kings and national biSh- ops were to be regarded as enemtee, and it became the meet influential ~- lety in the church. In 1656, when th~ Jesuits were in the height of the/r power, PaScal published a book agalns~ them, and from that time their influ- ence declined, untU France, Portul~l, Spain and other countries of Europe demanded that the Pope abolish order, which was afterward restored bF Plus VII., in 1815. The man with the hoe is ~nt/th~J