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November 14, 1918     The Saguache Crescent
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November 14, 1918
 

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of PastWeek I [ III1 L I I II I The News Happenings of Seven Days Paragraphed --- , , , - INTERMOUNTAIN` Capt. Walter Fitch of the Brltlsb mlaslon at 0amp Lewis, veteran of three years' service in France, and wearer of the military cross, died of influenza at the Camp Lewis base hos- pital Saturday. Backed by intermountain capital and business men of standing, the Devils Slide cement plant at Devils Slide Utah, is te be converted into one of the biggest potash manufacturing establishments in the United States. It. B. Hate of ~m Francisco has been named chalrman of the campaign which Che Red Cross will conduct in Cali- fornia, Arizona and Nevada during the week oPDecember 16 for new members. A heavy snowfall at Corona, Colo., "on the Continental divide, followed by a fire In the town. resulted in the stop- ping of traffic on the Moffat railroad, The seizure of five trunks, contain. lng heavy shipments of whisky and other intoxicating liquors, last week et Ogden promises to bring to light a well organized gang of bootleggers which, since the first of the year, is believed to have shipped thousands of dollars' worth of liquors, as baggage, from ~an lt~-tmclsco to Salt Lake and Ogden. Fred W. Berger, 60 years old, can- didate on ,the Democratic ticket for ttate representative, was shot at Bar- ger, Idaho, by Frank Doles, his ten- ant, and is in a precarious condition. The shooting grew out of a quarrel over the turning of weeds on the Bar- get farm. DOMESTIG. The railroad administration has made publle a llst of twenty-slx rail- road ¢ompanles which apparently are prospering to such an extent that they are able to turn over surplus earnings to the gevernment admlniatrstion with- out a~dug for a return of part of these or addlU~ml government help. Four per~ns chosen from a gather- InS of score or more who attempted to hold a servile in the Ninth Church of Christ ScientiSt at Los 1angeles on Sun- day were placed under arrest by elty policemen and charged with violating a health ordinance. A large French transatlantic steam- Ship wideh arrived at an Atlantic port Saturday night came Into port with all lights ablaze, the first time in months that this has taken plaee. More than a hundred met death at ~ew York when a five-car train rdn- sing at high speed in a tunnel Jumped the tra~ on a curve and struck the sidewall with such terrific force that the first e~r was demolished and the others "buckled" until they were Jammed against the roof of the tunnel. Public ownership of street railways as a solution of present ' unprecedented condillac" was advocated before the American 191ectrlc Railway associa- tics meetlag at New York by Richard As a remflt of a controversy between authorities at Lancaster, Pa., and the acting state health commissioner over fluenza epidemic, the commissioner de- cia~d that city to be under quaran- Hne, Total in the army to in reports having been received as those of German eontrol over power- Palmer, alien preperty camp with sc- reen la to be Kann. The an estimated cost of $5,000,000. w~lleeman was killed and six re dangerously wounded at riot whic~ re- policemen to ar- rest a m~mber of mdlors on charges of ~Aneriea's foreign ques- foreign oper- trademarI~, were diseased at New York at the trom all parts of the country. under suspci0n of being has be~n interned at from Scott's in seditious assisi practices "Presiden~t IIIU I I II I II I Maui,~one of the Hawaiian islands, paisa. Immediately following:the com- pletion and oversubscription of its Lib- erty loan quota it started on its united war work campaign and went over the top. Demobilization of the American force in France will require a period of two years after peace, is declared, according to a statement made at New York by Gem T. Coleman Du Pont, Just back from a two months' visit to Lhe western front. An average wage increase of $I a Jay has been granted anthracite coat ndners by Fuel Administrator Garfield, effective November 1. In some In- stances the increasle is Jbelow this figure and in others far above it. The $1 average is described as very general. WASH INGTON. Draft calls for the mobilization of 290,773 additional men at army train- ing camps before November 21 were announced Saturday by Provost Mar- sial General Crowder. Congress seems at last about to make the Grand Canyon of Arizona a na- tional park. For years the canyon has been quite generally regarded as a park, but officially it is a •ectidn of two national forests, a game refuge and a national monument. Three and a half milllon tons of coal have been saved in the past six months by industrial plant• which have adopted the conservation recommenda- tions of the fuel administration. Orders for 8,000,000,000 cigarets, enough to provide two smokes for every person in the world, have been placed by the war department to sup- ply American soldiers for the balance of the year. Prosecution of the three army offi- cers held by Charles E. Hughes in his report on the aircraft investigation to be guilty of dealing with corporations in which they were financially inter- ested is to be started without delay. Announcement from London that an' armistice with Turkey, which permits passage of allied warships through the Dardanelles, already is in operation led naval officers at Washington to believe that an allied fleet, if it has not already started soon will Im~a through to the Black sea to attack the German naval forces there. FOREIGN, An armistice has been signed with Austria, mad thus Germany loses her last supporter. The surrender of Aua~ tria leaves the road open from the south, and with the continued suc- cesses on the western front, final vic- tory over Germany may come-man. There are 17,000 Austrian and Get. nan prisoners In Siberian camps, says a semiofficial announcement. Besides, many who deserted the concentration camps when° the Bolsheviki gained the political coutrol in Russia have not re- turned. Substituting olive oil for lard and sweet condensed milk for sugar, util. izing an abandoned German kitchen, and In one instance making a bonfire in a field, three American women on the St. Mihiel front have been frying 10,000 doughnuts a day. Valenciennes was" captured by the British on November 2, releasing thous- ands of residents who had been in bondage for four years. Dozens of trunks bearing the royal Hohenzollern monogram have been ar- riving in the past wsek at the luxur- ious chateau named "Buchas" on the Lake of Zug. The chateau, which is flying the German flag, Is the property of Baron yon Klelst, a German. Italian and allied forces in tbeh, drlv~ in northern Italy have captured I00,000 Austr~Hungarlans, ,the Itallan war office announced Sunday~ MOre than 2200 guns have been taken. Marked progress by the Belgian army is indicated by the latest report ~rom ,Belgian headquarters. The inns have reached the west bank of the canal which runs between Ghent ~aud Neuzen in a northerly direction, and thereby have redeemed a further large section of that country. GermanY's armies are unbea~ ac- cording to a Germ~m divisional stat"t officer recently-, taken prisoner on the French front, and Germanfs request for an armistice was the result of the influence which pessimists have gained Is the worst scourge that has ever visited the cRY, nearly "100 death occurring daily. Mexlcaa federal troops were defeated by a superior|force of Villa follnwetl forD' miles sodth of the border, accord- InA a mer sent out by the An armistice between Turkey and the entente powers was signed Octo- ber 80. It became operative at noon October 31. This means that nearly THE CRESCENT, SAGUACHE, COLORADO ill l U-BOAT CHASERS DO GREAT WORK s Allies Praise Americans for Part They Played in Durazzo Engagement. ACTIVE DUTY REASES MEN Squadron of Twelve Commanded by Captain Nelson Forms Screen for Big Warships--One of Fate's Queer Twists, London.~A contingent of 12 Ameri- can submarine chasers played a bril- liant and novel part In the l)urazzo en- gagement. This chaser squadron ef- fectively acted as a screer, around the big ships engaged in the bombardment to protect them against submarines. The Americans were under heavy fire, but had no casualties. Capt. C. P. Nelson and Lieut. Com. P. H. Bastedo commanGed the squad- ron. A large percentage of the officers and men were of the naval reserve. and reports of the operation praise their work highly. The Americans definitely sank one submarine and damaged and probably destroyed another. After the engage- ment they escorted a British cruiser which had been hit by a torpedo safely to the base from which the expedition s~:arted. An enemy hospital ship was a~ taken in charge for examination. Active Duty I-~easea Men, ] Throughout the bombardment and] when the forces were approaching the I harbor the ehasers circled swlftty~ around the big ships. A report received] here says the men had a good time and I evidently were pleased with the su.c-I eess of the first achievement of this, character the chasers had attempted to work: Heretofore they have been patrolling, droDping depth charges and firing on enemy submarines. Austria-Hungary has at the most only two moderd battleships left; she has lost s large number of small craft, and now Durazso. the advanced base of her depleted fleet, has been ren- de~l llseless, writes the British naval expert, Archibald Hurd, in the Dally Telegraph. Continuing, he says: "Dut~umo, practically dominating all one side of the Adriatic, was to the Austrians what Zeebrugge was once to the Germans. No effort had been spared to make it an Impregnable port which would be valuable to the Aus- trians, tm a base of military forces of the qt~druple alliance in Albania. and In addition be a pistol aimed at the allies. Sees One of Fate's Queer Twists. "In the scheme of attack provision had been made by the entente naval for the co-operation of Ameri- can submarine chasers, of which quite number have been working in the Mediterranean. It was an irony of fate whereas the Germans boasted of the damage their submarines would do re_. ,~.the ~nericans it wa~rthe ~ubmarine '(~u~ers-af our friends v~lch traveled about four ~housand miles to deal with the German partner at his gateway. "The American seamer, will be eor- ,P.ally congratulated by their comrades Iv the other allied navies on the de- struction of two Austrian submarines. The attack was a direct and menacing challenge to the Austro-Hungarian fleet, and it presents another effc.ctive blow struck at the enemy. "The task of making a way through the mine fields In broad daylight must have been a difficult and lmzardous one. We shall probably learn that some ~f oar hardy east coast fishel~- men. Engllshmen and Scotehmen, had n hand in clearing the passage for the wa rshl ps." I II I LABRADOR FISHERY IS SHOR~ Only 50,000 Quintals Are Expected This Season, Against 250,000 in • Good Year. St John's. N. F.--The Labrttdor fish-. ,~ry, one of the principal branches of] the Newfoundland cod fishery lndu~P] AUSTRIA GRANTED ARMISTICi~ try. threatens to be very short thtt! veal The fish are shipped direct from the coast to European couutrles, main- Iv Portugal, Spalu, Italy and Greece, and very high prices are ohtah|ed now- ~:,':ays, virtually doul)le the figures rel- mg before the war started. The Lab- rador fishery of Newfoundland has not ~n late years attained the same pr,r [.ortlons as forn|erly when some 20,01)0 fisher folk. men. womcn anti children, migrated there every summer for the Pchlng season, am] the catch in soma :,~ ars reached 25~}.000 quintals. A gtmd season ar present wauhl repr(~, et,t ualf ~Lese figures, whereas the ou'do,,t~ Just ucw is that for the 10.000 or 12.000 people engaged, not more than 50.000 qrintals will be oblalned. HERO BELITTLES HIS HEROIC DEED ooeeesa@ao~ooee@eoaeeeeoes Doesn't Think Much of Act That , Won Cross. i: Blind Man Gets Work : 1" All He Did Was Swim River Under Fire and Rescue Wounded Frenchman. Plttsburgh.~"Now listen, get me! There's been so much hot air about thls hero stuff that I want you to get it straight. I saw this French bird across the river and I went and got him. If I hadn't someone else probably would have taken the same chance." In these words Capt. Walter R. Flannery, who was awarded the Cross of War for swimming the Marne river and rescuing a wounded French sol- dier at the time the Germans held the Aisne-Marne salient, disposes of any attempt to m~ke a hero of him for the deed. At the time Flannery was a lieu- tenant. He Is at his home here on a furlough. The wounded man lay on the bank across the river from where the Americans were stationed at Savigny. Disregarding a French officer's warn- ing that it probably was a ruse to at- tract Americans over that the Huns might learn what division opposed them, Flannery waited until nightfall, when he stripped to his underclothing and swam across. The Germans spotted him and most of the trip was under water. Flannery tells the rest of the story as follows : "When I got over I found the man. [ All the French I knew was qci, lcl'~[ 'here, here'---and then the bird went[ hysterical and refused to come into[ the water. He was ton weak to tie the rope I had brought along, so I[ READY FOR DESTRUCTION OF BRIDGES t-etrol aml tar reauy for the destruction of bridges at a mmaent's re, dee are placed everywhere by the belligerents in France. Just now It Is the Ger- who are burning the bridges to protect their retreat, AIRMAN ESCAPES DEATH t,ondon.~A British airman flying a powerful machine at 16,000 feet over ~stend recently had the machine's tall ~lmt off by the direct hit of a shell, a ~'euv unusual occurrence. Germany is opened up, An Austrian deputation has been " The machine turned upside down, permitted to cross the fighting line for oat of control, arm the pilot was preliminary pourparlea's with the Ital- ~u'own out of his scat. B3 some in- tan $ommander, according to the offi- explicable nmneuver he nmnaged to cial announcement at Vienna. clamber onto the bottom of the fusel- age of the machine astride of which he ~at as if he was riding a horse. Though the machine was out of con- trol, owing to the loss of Its tail planes, ]Fet by moving forward, and backward he so managed to balance it that it glided steadily downward, although it w~s upside down, He successfully brought it across an~ came safely to few hundred feet of the z he c~ed and was in- but is now recovering in hos- pital Wiz~m tt t~ eo~dered that ti~ in- It is officially admitted in the man capital, according tO a dispatcl from Bar: in Munition Factory : V¢iilimantic, Conn.--Connecti- cut is believed to be the first • state in the Union to provide munition work for a blind man. • John R. McCarthy of this cit~., who lost his sight two years ago. has been at work for several $ • weeks in a nearby munition fac- • tory crimping primers for big guns. He was aided in securing • employment by Superintendent $ H. J. Martindale of the United • States Employment agency, and • Stettson K. Ryes, secretary of • the state board of education for • the blind. • O S$OOO. ooo~@eeeo@oe•aoooeo~ had to drag him in. We got over all right. "But the Joke w~s that a couple of days later I got orders to report to a French colonel. Headquarters was about seven miles away, .so I hoofed it back, expected to be put on patrol duty of some sort. I presented my- self and couldn't find out what the program was. They told me to go stand behind a major. I did, but the major kept rambling around, and me after him like a geol. ;"Then I was told to go forward on the parade ground, and a French gen- eral lined me up, pointed a sword at me and turned on the French. It wasn't much of a conversation, for I didn't know what he was talking about, so I Just grinned. Then he let down the sword, pinned this on me--the Croix de Guerre---and started kissing me. Say, that mustache tickled me from ear to ear. I'm off saving men after this." YANKEE COINS GAINING FAVOR Now Accepted in Lieu of French Money in Small 8hops of Paris. e Par~.~The continued arrival of American soldiers in France loaded to the "gunwales" with United States money has resulted In Yankee coins gaining considerable favor in France. In many small shops they are accept- ed in lieu of French money. Newspaper vendors, boat ticket sell- ers and others who deal largely In pen- ales would much rather accept an American nickel or a couple of cents than change a five-franc note. The French like the American five- cent-piece. "Ella est Jolle," they say, comparing it with the French coin of tile Same denomination, which has a square hole in the center. They don't think so much of the American cop- pers. Delng hardly half as large as the sou tl,ey ~tve been accustomed to, they can't see why It has the same value. Dimes are accepted readily for half a franc, but quarters and half dollars, being at odd values with the fran~ standard, find it hard sledding to get by. WOMAN SHERIFF MAKES GOOD~ When She Goes After an Offender, He Had Better Surrender Peacefully• Coleman, Tex.~Mrs. John R. Ban- nister Is the new sheriff of Coleman c,unty. All who know her say that when she buckles on her six-shooter and ~oes out to make an arrest the Of. fender had better make peaceful sur- -,,r~(ler if he kp, ow~ wll:~t is good for him. It is not meant by this that Mr~k Bannister is a woman .,f the roug~ man tyPe--on the contrary she. is un- assuming, quiet and prepossessing #a looks. The sum and substance of lk is that she belongs to a stock of wes't- erne/s that does not know what ~,~2 is when it comes to fulfilling what Ah~ believes to be her official duty. Mrs. Bannister's husband, Captain Bannister, who died recently, was sher. lff of Coleman county for many years. His wife assisted him in ",Is Work in many ways and is sald to be thoroegh. .ly familiar with the details of the of- flee. It was bat natural that she should be elevated to the v~gsJat posl- tton her friead~ ~j~, OUAL MONARCH CEASES HO TILITIE AND KAISER LOSES HIS LAST SUPPORTER. Clears Road for Free Movement of the Allied Forces Through Austrian Territory to Attack Germany From the South. Rome,--In accordance with the ar~ mlstlce solicited i)y Austria, hostilitie~ b~tween Italy and Austria ceased at 3. o'clock Monday af-Lernoon. November 4. At that moment Auslria-ltungary, th~ last and most powerful ally of Germany pas~ed ou~ of the world war under terms of abject surrender. Not only have the armed forces of the once powerful Austro-Hungarian: cidcnt occurred at a height of 16.000 feet, over hostile territory, and that dur!ng the airmnn's terribly precarious ride he was subject to anll-alrcraft fire. and li~d)le to the att~ck of hostile snouts, it IS not too much to say that ]1[~ Is a rceor(] ar'|dovemeTIt. Recently another ah'man was shot down, out of (,ontrol. from 13,00{) feet. m~l fell, fluttering like a leaf toward the ground. At a height of 9.000 feet he fainted. Shartly afterward he came to, and found hh~self in the ma- chine upside down in a marsh, unhurt. Corncobs for Overseas• St. Lo~tis. ~Io.~The United States government r~i.~ently closed a hurry- up order with the several manufac- turers of corncob pipes at Washington, Me,, for 1,500,(k')0 pipes. At the same time the national organization of the Knights of Columbus closed a con- tract for 250/J00 of the same kind of pipes. All are to be rushed oversea& serious damage has cry of Heidelberg, in Baden, by the allied air raid. There were some cas- ualties. The Berlin~ Lokul Anzeiger annougces that former ,Chancellm- I~. yon Bethmann Hollweg~ wlL be arraigned before a parliamentary eommisslon acting as a high tribune to explain why President Witson'~ Peace mediation offer in 1916 failed, empire lahl down their arms to await the end of the war and peace term~ dictated by the allies and the United States, but Austro-Ihmgarian terri- tory is open for operations against Germany. Even the munitions of th~ former ally are to be used agalnst~ the kaiser's armies if refusal ~o a('- cept conditions now being prepared for them make prolong~l fighting neccssary. The terms which stopped the victo- rious advance on the Italian front were~ accepted by the Austrian commander- in-chief in the field in the name of the Vienna govermnent and their executim~ is guaranteed by the thorough beating already administered, which had con- verted the defeated army into a disor- ganized fleeing horde. Austrian surrender terms include cessation of hostilities and demobiliza- tion of her army. Delivery to allies of half of the enemy artillery and equipment. Evacuation of all invaded territor- ies. Use by allies of road, rail and~ watexwaYs In Austria-HunT.pry. Immediate return of all allied pris- oners. Surrender of stipulated-n/~mber submarine and other war vessels. Opening of Adriatic and Danube to allies. Allied occupation of Danube fort~ and Pole naval base. Allied supervision of the balance of her fleet. Concentration of aircraft at desig- nated points. Evacuation of Austrian territory roughly corresponds tO the boundary lines claimed by Italy under the Ital- ia Irrendia or treaty of London pro- gram. The right of occupation by alo lled forces is reserved, local authori- ties to maintain order under allied su- pervision. -, • The terms of the armistice are to be earried out under the direction of Mar- shal Foch, who will designa~ ,mate- rial to be turned over and supervise the movement of Austro-Hungariar~ forces~to the rear. All German troops In Austrla-Hun- gary, Italy or the Balkans must be out or Interned within fifteen days. Destruction of any property by re- treating forces is specifically forbid- den. Ships to be surrendered include fif- teefi modern Austrian mabmarines. ~hree battleships, three light cruisers'. due destroyers, twelve torpedo boats~ one mine layer and six Danube moni- tors to be designated by the allies. All ether'war craft are to be concentrated and disarmed under allied direction. . Free navigation of eli Austrian ~aL ters by both the war and commercial fleets of the allies Is provided for. Open Danube. The Danube route is to be kepl: open by the occupation er dismantling: of fortresses to be selected by the allied commander. The existing blockade of the allies against Austria remains un- changed, Austrian ship• being liable to capture where found except where a commlssion, ~o be named later, pro- vides otherwise. All enemy naval aircraft are to be put out of commission and concen- trated under allied control. £11 Aus- trian harbor and other equipment ir~ occupied Italian ports is to be left un- touched. All fortresses protecting Austrian naval bases or stations are to be occu- pied and the arsenal at Pole Is spe- cifically ~urrendered. All al|ied craft held by Austria are to be returned im- mediately. The only organized military force Austria is permitted to.retain Is lim- ited to that necessary to maintain order In her own borders. Boundary Quarrel Renewed. Buenos Alres.--According to rep0rt~ from Iqnique. Chile, the Pernvtan con- sulate there Is under a heavy guard of Chilean troops to protect it from hoslile manifestations by C~lleans be- cause of alleged efforts by the Peru° vl.m eonsal to organize a popular de- mamt for the return to Peru of the provinces of Tachs "~nd Arica. Belgian Army Getting Revenge. Havre.--Marked progress by the Bel- gian army Is lud~cated by the l~test re- ports from Belg:.an headquarters. The Belgians have reached the west bank of the canal which runs between Ghenf "end Neuzen In a northerly dlrectinn. Congressmen Home to Vote. Washington.--Congress will bold only perfunctory ses'.stnns this week, ' nearly all members having gtme home for Tuesday's elections, which 4~re to determine the political c~mplexlon of both lmuse and senate. .~,~ II