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December 23, 1943     The Saguache Crescent
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December 23, 1943
 

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_ II THE SAGILCH]B, CRBSCENT I I II I I ,,, n ,, WE00'KLY NEWS ANALYSIS . j Artillery Duels Soften Nazi Defenses, Smash at Enemy Armored Formations; Senate Studies Subsidy Compromise; New Law Tightens Draft Deferments (EDITOR'S NOTE: When opinions are oxpreued In these columns, they are those of Western Nownpaper Union's news analyst8 and not necessarily of this newspaper.) Released by Western Newspaper Union. Hallowed Ground--Pot. Donald McQuarrie, Thompsonville, Conn., pays homage to U. S. and British war heroes buried in cemetery near Algiers, North Africa. Sentence on sign reads: "Their supreme sacrifice demands your respect , . ." ITALY: CONGRESS: Artillery Booms Oil Artillery duels boomed in Italy, With its advocates declaring it will as U: S. and British commands sol- stimulate production, the house toned up the Nazis' strong mountain passed and sent to the senate a bill defenses below Rome, and sought to ordering OPA to boost crude oil smash the enemy's armored forms- prices 35 cents to 74 cents a barrel tions concentrated for counter- above the average of $1.18 per bar- attacks, rel. Immediately south of Rome, Lieut. Under the bill, prices would be in- Gem Mark Clark's U. S. Fifth army creased not less than 80 per cent or worked down the mountain slopes more than 100 per cent of parity for toward the Via Casilirm, or highway, oil, as determined by the U. S. de- winding 80 miles through a valley partment of labor in its general to the Eternal City. Doughboys wholesale commodity index. It is gained the heights in this sector after estimated the boost would add 1 tedious action, braving mortar and cent a gallon to gasoline prices. machine gun fire to crawl up the jagged slopes and seep into the an- Subsidies emy's lines. With the bill barring subsidies On the Adriatic coast to the east, passed by the house hut tied up in the Germans used strong armor for- the senate, the lat- mations against Gem Bernard Mona- ter's banking com- gomery's Eighth ,army inching for- mittee appointed ward along a narrow  bottleneck of three men to study land between the mountains and sea. a possible compro Italy's southern mountains were raise on the legisla- covered with snow as the battle tion, chiefly snarled raged, becatme of objec- tions to cutting down DRAFT DEFERMENTS: retail food prices Tightened through government In compliance with the new draft payments to proces- law passed by congress, appeal sots. boards within the district where de- In the middle o! farted men work took their cases the road on subsi- Senator Taft under advisement, dies, Senator Rob- ert Taft (Ohio) stood between pro- In an effort to postpone the in- subsidy Senator Alben Barkley and duction of fathers as long as possible by granting only the most necessary anti-subsidy Senator John Bankhead deferments, congress ruled that ap- on the three man subcommittee. peal boards within the district where Possibility of compromise loomed, employers requested deferment for since Taft favors limited rather than men were in the best position to unlimited subsidies for controlling determine the labor conditions in the food costs. area. Profits As a result, appeal boards of local boards are only to review cases in Renegotiation of war contracts-- which the applicant actually works that is, opening up old contracts so within their district, or if no appeal as to see whether original terms board exists in the district where were too liberal--could be appealed he is employed, such as outside the to the U. S. court of claims under U.S. the senate finance committee's re- vision of a house provision. Fur- CHEAP GOODS: ther, the company could deduct fed- eral taxes from earnings before the More Asked , government could consider whether Concerned over the decreasing profits were too great. stocks of low cost goods, Stabiliza- Working on the house's new tion Director Fred Vinson ordered $2,140,000,000 tax bill, the same sen- the Office of Price Administration to ate committee shaved the figure be- boost prices of such merchandise low $2,000,000,000 and indicated it wherever necessary to stimulate would go through congress before production, rite Christmas holidays. The com- Vinson also directed the War Pro- mittee voted to hold social security duction board to furnish manufac- taxes to present rate of 1 per cent, turers with materials and facilities and to require labor unions and for raising output, and, if WPB farm co-operatives to file financial thinks prices are too low, OPA must Statements. make adjustments. Manufacturers whose current prof- POUND. JAPS : its are not more than twice those in In Pacific, China the 1935-'39 period will be permit- ted to increase prices, on the basis As Allied forces punched at the of a . per cent profit margin over Japs on Bougainville and New Gut- the productioncost, nea, fleets of Liberator bombers plastered the enemy's supply depots SHIPYARDS: on New Britain island. Reception Of] Sundays centers for Jap cargo shipping, these depots then have been used to load With U. S. shipyards now produc- barges for distribution on the en- ing five cargo vessels a day, the emy's jungle fronts. maritime commission ordered them While U. S. and Aussie troops to take Sundays off, beginning Janu- pounded forward in the South Pa- ary 1. ciflc, U. S. army and navy airmen The commission's directive indi- continued bombing the Japs' Mar- cated a drop of 2 million tons shall Islandsinmid-Paciflc. Like the in estimated ship construction in recently conquered Gilberts, these 1944, but this would be in line with islands flank the Allied supply line predictions of some officials of a to Australasia, and are a threat to reduction in needs, any movement westward. Shipyards will produce 18,890,000 In China, Jap troops began anoth- tons of cargo ships this year on a er of their many withdrawals after seven-day, 24-hour-day basis. Elim- smashing at Chinese concentrations, ination of work on Sunday would de- this time in the rice-rich Changteh crease production costs, since over- area below the great Yangtze river time rates are paid. traffic artery. , , =,., , , I H I GH LI G H T S " " " 'n ''" "e''" "'' ! , ,, , , , , 8TEF-L: While the war program AltM COLLEGES: The army will not take as much steel next does not intend to close down the year as it did in 1943, there will Specialized Training program, the not be much more fabricated steel war department said, replying to for civilian uses unless plants are newspaper reports that the program released to make such products, in- was about to be liquidated. Secre- dustry executives stated in a recent tary Stimson said that while the conference. The demand for bars program is now being reduced, it and structural steel has become eas- might later be expanded. At pres- ier, but sheets and plates are still ant 222 colleges and universihes are "tight." training army men. RUSSIA : Major Battles Two hard battles raged in south- ern Russia, with both sides slugging toe to toe west of the Ukrainian capi- tal of Kiev, and the Reds fighting for positions inside the big Dnieper bend. Throwing fresh reinforcements into the Kiev hattle, Russia's Gen. Nickolas Vatutin counterattacked Germany's advancing forces, which picked up 40 miles after weeks of slow, bitter fighting. Although Nazi Gem Fritz yon Mannstein's Kiev offensive appeared to relieve Russian pressure on Ger- many to the north, the Reds con- tinued to launch large-scale attacks to the south, where they were fight- ing to secure bridgeheads across the Dnieper river to set up a spring- board toward Rumania. Success of Russian forces here would threaten the Nazi-held iron ore center of Krivoi Reg. COTTONSEED : Less Crushed Cottonseed crushed in the period from August 1 to November 30 dipped to 1,884,351 tons, compared with s2,074,615 for the same period last year. There was a similar drop in manu- facture of cottonseed products, with 575,722,000 pounds of crude off put out against 640,125,000 in 1942; 437,- 244,000 pounds of refined oil against 65,381,000; 865,355 tons of cake and meal against 912,999; 439,483 tons 0f hulls against 500,583; and 560,- 000 running bales of linters, against M8,143. As of November 30, stocks of the various cottonseed products on hand were substantially below those of a year ago. SILVER: Of/to War More than 775 million ounces of the U. S.'s huge hoard of 2 billion, 700 million ounces of silver have gone to war, for use in war plants and weapons. In addition, 3 million ounces have been lend-leased to Britain and Australia for making coin. Most of the silver was lent by the treasury to the goyernment's defense plant corporation for war work, and much of this is expected to be re- covered. However, another 23 mil- lion ounces was sold outright to in- dustry. Based on 1940 figures, the U. S. holds about half of the world's sup- ply of silver, compared with its own- ership of approximately two-thirds of the world's gold stocks. Gold holdings amount to 22 billion dollars. However, holdings have been dwindling at a steady rate, with over 200 million dollars shipped out to China as part of a huge loan, and i many South American countries building up large balances because Df sales to the U. S. SOLDIERS' DEBTS: Can't Sue Co.Signers Basing his decision on an act passed in 1940, Federal Judge Philip Sullivan sitting in Chicago, Ill., ruled that creditors could not sue co- signers of notes of debtors" now in the service. Judge Sullivan's decision coun- tered an amendment to the act, which permitted creditors to get co- signers to waive immunity if the debtor entered the services. Said Judge Sullivan: The creditor loses none of his rights, since ar- rangements have been made for payment of the debt three months after a serviceman is discharged, and, further, action against co-sign- ers might distress soldiers and sail- ors as much as a suit against them- selves. White House-- Vetoing a suggestion of the Dis- trict of Columbia officials, Mrs. El- eanor Roosevelt asked i..::::: ii:::.: that the annual Christ- mas tree ceremony on the White House grounds be held this year. But heeding the commis- sioners' proposal that the District's already overloaded transporta- tion facilities be spared Mrs. FDI and eleetrieity saved, Mrs. FDR requested capital residents walk to the scene, and also that no lights be used for decoration. * Business manager for FDR's presidential campaign in 1932 and his devoted secretary afterward, 65-year-old Marvin H. MeIntyre died recently after a long illness. As secre- tary in charge of presi- dential appointments, McIntyre was known to have spoken to 41 indi- viduals over the phone nd 60 in person before MeIntyre lunch time. One day, 500 incoming telephone calls were counted for him. SECRET WEAPON Further details on Germany's new "secret weapon," the rocket gun, have leaked out through Switzer- land. According to this information from "diplomatic sources," the rocket is a shell 45 feet long, weigh- ing 12 tons. It is launched by a steam catapult. As soon as it gets i into the air, the rocket begins to propel itself. Thirty feet of the shell is filled by the apparatus and fuel needed for motion. The other 16 feet contains the explosive charge, said to be compressed nitric acid. 'Victory Volunteers' Proved Satisfactory Farm-Hands Most of 700,000 Young People Made Good, Quickly Learning Agricultural Skills, And Working Hard and Long. By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, Union Trust Building, Washington, D. C. World War II has taught the w2rld that it is one thing to raise an army and another thing to feed it--feed its mouths and feed its guns. It didn't take the United States long after Pearl Harbor to realize that it was easy enough to find enough sailors and soldiers if you didn't have to worry about finding the civilians to take care of them. At present, 10 men out of every 100 are deferred from military serv- ice because industry needs them; 18 out of every 1O0 because the farmers have to have them. Thirty-six out of every 100 men now in the armed forces were working in shops or factories in 1940. Twenty-three out of every 100 were on farms three years ago. Industry has charged that con- gress has been kindlier to the farm- ers when it came to deferring their help than it has been to them. How- ever that may be, you won't hear any farmers complaining about hav- ing too much help. One thing, how- ever, according to the reports that have come into the department of agriculture, the farmers are not complaining on one score that a 1.ot of them thought they were going to have to complain about--that is, the help they get from the Victory Farm Volunteers of the U. S. Crop corps. Many farmers who came to scoff remained to pray for more of the same. Not all of the young folks who worked on farms this summer were perfect. It is estimated that there may have been some 700,000 of these young people, half were provided through the Federal Extension serv- ice of the War Food administration, as many more probably found jobs for themselves. Under the leader- ship of the State Extension service and with the active support of the schools, the youth-serving agencies, civic organizations and farm lead- ers, these Victory Farm Volunteers were assembled. Most of them made good. Their story makes an interesting chapter in the history of American youth. A Huge Task It was no little job to launch the project. Forty-three state farm la- bor supervisors and some 5,000 counW farm labor assistants, under the guidance of the county extension agents, worked out the plans and procedure based on the local needs. They worked with state, county and often local labor cbmmittees. Of course, training was necessary. The boys and girls were carefully selected and many specially trained and supervised, and the farmers themselves learned that they could train better if they had a little train- ing in the art of teaching themselves. This was provided. Most of the young workers lived at home and were transported to the farms. This was done in school buses, trucks or cars. Teachers, ministers, youth leaders, acting as Supervisors, often accompanied the workers right into the fields. In some places, boys lived in camps, but '50,000 boys and girls lived right with the families where they worked and many soon became a part of the family, joining its activ- ities, church, grange meetings, dances, picnics. Some liked the life so well, especially those from the big cities, that they stayed right through the winter, attending the lo- cal schools. Of course it was natural that the farmers were skeptical at first at the idea of letting these strange kids overrun their places. But the majority changed their minds when they found how well the experiment worked. The young folks couldn't rival a trained farm worker, but some were able to do much of the work as well, and in some cases, even better. Many farmers ar- ranged to keep the same workers the next year. I talked to one farmer who took on an utterly green city boy. It was late summer when I saw them both. 2ney were going to part and I can tell you both were pretty blue. School -time had come and the boy's parents thought he better come home. He told me that he was going to be a farmer when he grew up and I be- lieve ncithing will stop him. t I saw a letter from a Crop corps city girl, very able at expressing her- self. I want to quote one paragraph: "'I have felt," she wrote, "unutter- able satisfaction pervade this new 'me' as I squeezed, pulled and ca- joled the last squirt of rich white milk from a reluctant mountain of a Guernsey cow . . . I am learning to love this new life and am surer than ever that I have chosen well in deciding to make it my own." The Misfits One of the great troubles of the world are the misfits, the folks who are in the wrong job. There are a lot of newspaper men who ought to be barbers and a lot of barbers who might have been better sailors, a lot of farmers who ought to be in business. There are many people who have an inborn love of the coun- try that never gets a chance to come outthey don't even recog- nize they have it. This summer, many of these young folks discov- ered themselves--realized that the country was where they belonged! I can well understand th remark of one of these volunteers, who prob- ably in his normal lifetime never have had a chance to acquire the self-confidence behind a desk or at a bench, that he felt when he learned to drive a team of horses. "I felt that I was the most capable person in the world," he said, "when I could finally lrive a tedder through the hay." It will be hard to keep him and a lot of his ilk down at the shop after he's seen the farm. Winter Traffic Hazards The war department is concerned over the annual December peak in auto accidents, and Robert P. Pat- terson, undersecretary of war, and Lieut. Robert E. Raleigh, director of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, have teamed up to try to stop them. Seven valuable tips, based on Na- tional Safety council research, on how to escape traffic tieups, skid- wrecks, lost time and road block- ades have been offered: (1) Reduce speeds on snow and ice. It takes' 3 to 11 times normal distance to stop on snow or ice. Repair old tire chains. (2) Protect visibility. Check de- froster, windshieId wipers, head- lights and keep windshield clean. You must see a hazard to avoid it. (3) Use anti-skid chains. Tire chains reduce braking distances 40 to 50 per cent and provide traction on snow or ice. (4) Don't crowd trafflc. When roads are slippery, allow three to six car lengths for every 10 m.p.h. because snow and ice increase brak- ing distances 3 to 11 times over those required on dry pavement. Slipperi- ness varies, glare ice at thawing temperatures being twice as slip- pery as dry ice near zero. {5) Anticipate mistakes. Dve so that you are prepared for any emer- gency under prevailing conditions. Anticipate mistakes of pedestrians and other drivers. (6) Signal your intentions. In turn ing or stopping on hard-packed snow or ice, remember other drivers need more time and distance to adjust themselves to your moves. Give them a chance. Some may have neglected chains and have insuf- ficient traction. (7) Mechanics are scarce and your vehicle may have to last for the duration. Essential transportation is vital to victory. An ounce of pre- vention is now worth ten pounds of cure. Better Rural Roads " The National Highway Users con- ference calls my attention to a bill to create within the Federal Works agency a Rural Local Roads ad- ministration, independent of the Pub- lic Roads administration, to co-op- erate with the states and their local subdiv}sions in the construction of rural local roads. It is proposed in S. 1498 by Senator Stewart of Tennessee. The bill would authorize appropri- ations of $1,125,000,000 by the federal government to be made available at the rate of $375,000,000 a year for each of the three years immediately following the end of the war for con- struction of all-weather rural local roads. n B R I E F S by Baukhage I Doctors have been able to set up a health dispensary to serve workers in the promising rubber-producing Madre de Dins region of Peru as a result of flight service over the Andes. Cargo planes of the United States Rubber Development corpora- fion are flying medical supplies, sanitation engineers, and doctors :to the remote country east of the ,/es. The Cuna Indian tribe of Panama has been persuaded to declare war on the Axis and has gone to work gathering wild castilloa rubber to help the United Nations defeat the enemy. $ Fifty million gallons of gasoline, fuel oils, lubricants and other petro leum products arenow going direct- ly to the fighting forces every day. A Becoming Frock Changes That Chair F A chair is all legs, angles and curves in the wrong places, a slip cover in the right col.s and cut to bring out graceful lines and cover defects, will give any room chair set a new personaKty. That was the treatment given'a set of old chairs like abe one shown here. A two-piece frock wu planned to repeat tones in the wall paper of the room in which the chairs were to be used. The bold stripes of the putty tan, green and wine red material gave just fat right contrast with the flowered pattern on the wall. Narrow great fringe was used for edging and the sketch shows how the two pieces of the slip cover were made. $ NOTEReaders who want to make tel. lored slip covers for living room ehaf will find detailed drectlons in SEq?/(] BOOK I0. Price, 18 cents. Send your der to MRS. RUTH WYB'TH SPEARS [ Bedford Hills New YOl | Drawer IS I i F, ncloss IS cents for Sewing Book | No. 10. | Address ...... ; ...................... ] CLAS:51FIED DEPARTMENT ,| i, MAYTAG PARTS Maytag Owners--Genuine Maytg parts and multi.motor oat are available, ae ur dealer or write Maytag Rocky Mnn- n Company, Colorado Springs, CMeradt. POULTRY BABY CHICKS AND TURKEY POU5J Embryo-fed. Pure and cross breeds, Tho- sands weekly. Free cata}og. Steinhoff & Son Hatchery. Dept. I0. Osage City. m REAL ESTATE FOR SALE DY OWNEE-- bedroom hte, fenced yard, nice mountain view, she basement garage, near school Col )pp4keral. center. 14 Eaton St., Denver, SEWING MACHINES WE PAY CASH FOR Used Sewing Machines WANTED TO BUY OANARIES, PARRAKEETS AND PA,I RUTS wanted for cash from everywhw. Write us. We also buy healthy, SOund P'tll pies '/ to 12 weeks old. NATIONAL ]PT SHOPS, $101 Olive St., ST. LOUIS, m. FARMS 158 ACRES OF IRRIGAT]D falms, 1 in. ditch right, irrigation well on place, Locat- ed at Hagelttne railroad station. TIEI)- MAN, Henderson, Colo. Uageltine FURS WANTED FUR TRAPPERS i Unc/e Sere N,ds Ymm Jrsl hip t,m to ALTMAN-SHPALL FUR CO. ggY Mm4mt t.,  T oeL, i British Food Rationing Food rationing in Britain has been in force since January, 1940. Now the only unrestricted foods are bread, potatoes, seasonable vegetables and fruits. Add Indigestion Re0eved In 5 mbmt o doeblo Jae bmk hcn excess stomach todd  painful, Rffoeat . 0our stomach stud hoarLbwn, doctors b ..the rutsst-aeUn md..dn .kn_wg_ ,mr lrmDt0atle lief mediet like thee tn -m Tbt. NO laxst/ve. Bell-aug brings l n JitY or UMO y,)nr money.baek'oo   tOS.  st all &-sIsts. Three-Ring Ceremony The ancient Hebrew betrothal called for three rings, one for tim girl, one for the man, and one for tho witness to the ceremony. BACKACHE ay for fast diuretic aid WHEN KIDNEY FUNCTION LAGS from this need.... Puncdonsl kidney dlwarbsace due to mud of diuredc aid may cause subbi schel May cause brlau:y flow to  n'o quen yet scanty and smstti! You msF o,o ,leap m "y'_ ,.[sh." _ot, --real fl diw, uervous, helachy. /u=Xu ads .es, r_ou want o =.z.t z/ 1. $o ff there ts serum8 syste&itltr or orsanlc/li, y waif, Gold etbd Cspsdcs. Th'v bm mous flr pmm action for 30 ra Tsdm ate 8o we them only M directed. Accpe w bm/m 955 at you: dru