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The Saguache Crescent
Saguache , Colorado
December 26, 1901     The Saguache Crescent
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December 26, 1901

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I IIII IIII SECI(ETARY OF WAR SEVERELY CENSURES GENERAL MILES Washington, D. C.. Dec. 22.--A deter- mination oa the part of the administra- tion absolutely to terminate further diseussslon of the Sampson-Schley con- troversy took shape in the publication yesterday of some remarkable corres- ~reondence that has passed between Sec- tary Root and Lieutenant General YIiles relative to the latter's interview ~ublished in a Cincinnati paper, com- nenting upon the Sch!ey case. It is seldom that so severe a repri- ~mnd is administered to an officer of • nigh rank in either service. What the ,-esult will be cannot be foretold, al-. though it is assumed that General ~Iiles will submit without further mmment. The reprimand is contained in the :ollowing letter of Secretaxy Root to ~eneral Miles: "War Department, Washington, D. C., Dec. 21, 1901. "sir:--By direction of the President [ communicate to you his conclusions ~pon your eotlrse in the interview to whlch your attention was called by my fetter of the 19th inst. "Yaur explanation of the public state- ment made by you is not satisfactory. You are in error if you say that you have the same right as any other citi- zen to publicly express an opinion re- garding the questions pending in the course of milit.ry discipline. "The first article of the regulations governing the Army of the United States provides: "'Deliberations or discussions among military men conveying praise or sen. sure, or any mark of approbatlm toward others in the military service axe prohibited.' "In this controversy the army hat not been involved, and no bar has beez raised to that good feeling and friend ly relation between the officers of th, navy and the officers of the army which is so essential to the successfu and" harmonious co-operation of thq two services in preparation and in ae tion. A court of inquiry had been hel( on the matters in the controversy ant a report had. been made in which om member of the court had disseutec in some particulars from the majoritj and the report was pending before th( reviewing authority. "At this point, as the )ieutenant geu oral of the army, you saw fit to mak, a public expression of your opinion a~ between the majority and the minoritj of the court, accompanied by a criti cism of a most severe character, whict could not fall to be applied by the gen. erality of readers to the naval officcrJ against whose view your opinion was expressed. It is of no consequence on whose side your opinion was, or what it was. You had no business in th0 controversy, and ho right, holding tha office which you did, to express any opinion. Your conduct was In viola- FARMING MATTERS. Romnces of Agriculture. Any one still under the delusion that farming Is an occupation giving little opportunity for mental effort should read Secretary Wlison's latest report. There, says the Chicago Inter Ocean, he will find the outlines of scores of real romances of achievement, with the world for their scene and the most patient and acute minds as their ac- tors. k few years ago a frost, such as liv- ing men had not known, swept away the orange groves of Florida. To many this was a calamity without remedy. They could see nothing to do but to replace the blasted trees and hope that such a frost would not soon ~cur again. But the scientific experta said: "Let us find or make an orange tree that will resist frost." Over in Japan they found the tree, but its fruit was of little value. So they set to work to combine this Japanese tree with the Florida sweet orange. They have pro- duced the hardiest orange tree known, and are confident that in a few years they will have a fruit both resistant to frost and of good quality. Rice has been grown in Louisiana for a hundred yeaxs, but the yield seemed to be diminishing and the industry was dwindIlng. About three years ago the Agricultural Department suggested the substitution of the Japanese rice plant for that formerly grown. The experi- fiaent was so successful that the pro- duction this year exceeded that of 1899 tion of the regulation above cited and by 73,000,000 pounds, and imports of the rules of official propriety; aud you rice have fallen from 154,000,000 .,to are justly liable to censure, which I 73•000•000 pounds. About $20,000,000 now express, new capital has been invested in the Very respectfully, gulf coast rice industu~y. "ELIHU ROOT, Secretary of War. Coffee has long been the small Porto "Lieutenant General Nelson A. Miles, Rican farmer's chief money crop. Headquarters of the Army." Though little known in this country, SECRETARY LONG APPROVES FINDINGS OF THE MAJORITY Washington, - Dec. 22. -- Secretary Long has disposed finally of the Sehley case so far as the Navy Department is conerned, by acting upon the findings and conclusions of the court of in- quiry. He approves ehe findings of fact and the opinion of the full court~ he approves the majority opinion where there is a difference in the court; he holds that the court could not have entered into a consideration of the questlon of command at the battle of Santiago, and, finally, he accepts the recommendation that no further pro- ceedings shall be had. Secretary Long yesterday issued the formal order dissolving the Schley court of inquiry. The order was com- municated at once to Admiral Dewey, president of the Kourt, who acknowl- edged Its receipt ~d said that in con- formity with the order of the secre- tary he ha(~ announced the disso~tion of the court.' rrhe secretary ~Ise laas declined the application of Admiral Sampson's counsel to enter upon an inquiry into ehe question of command and has noti- fied ~K~mli~ai.~chley's counsel of that fact as a reason for declining to hear them on that poin~ . Secretary I~ng's approval of the ma- Jority report was ~ follows: "The department has read the testi- mony in this ease, the arguments of counsel at the trial, the court's find- tngs Of fact, opinion an4 recommenda- tlon; the individual memorandum of me presiding member, the statement of exceptions to the said findings and opinion by the applicant~ the reply to said statement by the Judge advocate of the court and his assistant, and the brief this day submitted by counsel for Rear Admiral ~ami~on, traversing the presiding member's view as to who was in command at the battle of San- tiago. "And after careful consld~ratlon the findings of fact and the opinion of the full court are approved. "As to the points on which the pre- siding member differs from the major- lty of the court, the opinion of the ma- orlty Is approved. "As to the further expression of his views by the same member with re- gard to the questions of command on the morning of July 3, 1898, and of the title to credit for the ensuing vic- tory, the conduct of the court in mak- ing no findings and rendering no opin- ion on those questions is approved--tu. deed it could with propriety take no ~)ther course, evidence on these ques. tions, during the inquiry, having been" excluded by the court• '~The department approves the rec. ommendation of the court that no fur- ther proceedings be had in the prem- ises. '~'he department records its appre- ciation of the arduous labors .of the whole court." LANGUAGE WHICH LED TO CENSURE 0F MILES Washington, Dec. 22.--I¢ was the language used by General Nelson A. Miles In the interview telegi~phed from Cincinnati, December 17th, that led to the censure by the secretary of war. General Miles said: "I am willing to take the Judgment of Admiral Dewey in the matter. He been a commander of a fleet, and as such has known the anxieties and re. spenslbilities which rest on men un. der •hess circumstances• He was in- strumental in the destruction of one ~panish fleet and know~ and realizes the feelings that encompass an officer under such .conditions. "I think Dewey has sumn~d uP the matter in a clear and concise manner, and I believe his conclusions will be indorsed by the patriotic people of the United States. I have no sympathy with the efforts which have been made to destroy the honor of a0 officer un- der such circumstances." When called to account for the above quoted language, General Mllea ad- dressed the following letter to Secre- tary Root: "The Honorable, the Secretary of War, Washington, D. C. "Slr--RepIying to your note of the ieth instant, I have the ho~r to state that my observations, as suhstantially reported, had no reference to the as- flon, pending or otherwise, of a co- trdinate branch of the service; they were merely my personal views based upon matters set forth in various pub- lications which had been given ¢o the world, and concerning which I con- ceive there was no impropriety in ex- pressing an opinion the same as any other citizen upon a matter of such public interest. My observations were In no sense intended as a "eriticism of any action taken by a co-ordinate branch of the service and the state- ment that I had no sympathy wffh any effortS, tending to disparage a distin. guished and gallant officer likewise had no such reference." Buc~lrl~t~ Smelter Burned, Denver, Dec. 22.--A-special dispatch from BUena Vista says: The Buena Vista Smelting & Refin- Ing Odmpany's planf, located about threeqharters Of a mile east of town on the Arkansas riVer, . caught fire at ENORMOUS PRICE PAID FOR LOVELAND SUGAR Denver, Dec. 22.~A Denver Repub- lican special from Loveland says: The first ~00 poUnds of sugar pr~ duce~ at the Loveland factory was s01d at auction Saturday and brought the ~um of $3,300• Tile first pound was purchased by R. S. Cox for $325. L.J. Kelim bid $300 for the next pound and got it. The bids then t~apidly dropped to $100 and finally got down to $10 at which figure the remitinder was sold. The sack was then put up and sold for $8, while the string found a pur- chaser at $1, While $10 was offered for the privilege of weighing out the sugar. Neat glass receptacles had been se- cured, each holding one pound, in which the sugar was placed, and these will be kept as souvenirs. These have all been placed Sn exhibition in the window of the Bank of Loveland, and each one labeled with the name of the mrchaser and the price paid. There Were 6,000 acres of sugar beets raised the past year for the Love- land factory. ConN~acts have been signed for 11,000 acres the next sea- son, with 12,000 as the limit that will [.be received. The additional machi/~- ery to double the "present capacity of the factory is to be in place by July 1st. President Remov~ ~acl~y. Washington, Dee. 22.--The following order was made public yesterday by Secretary Root: "Navy Department, D. C., Dec. 20, 1901. "Rear Admiral A. S. Barker. Com-mandant Navy Yard, New York. "Sir I am directed by the President to ask Edgar S. Maclay, 'special la- borer, general storekeeper's office, navy yard, New York, to send In his restS. nation, Very respectfully, "JOHN D. LONG, "Secretary." Secretary Root was designated to make public the request for Mr. Mac~ lay's resignation after a conference with the Pl.ssident. It was the state- 'ments made in Maelay's history of the part taken by the navy~ in the Cuban war, in which he stigmatized Admiral Schley as a poltroon and a co@ard, that induced the latter to ask for the oourt of inquiry. 7 o'clock ~aturday evening, and was almost totally destroyed, the loss be-' ing about, $75,000. Dr. Franklin R, Carpenter, one of the large stockholders in the :Buena Vista ~melting & Refining Company, Who is in Denver, said last night that l the smelter would be rebuilt at once, and that it was a Very successful[ plant. I / DiM De B~r in Prison. L0ndou, Dec. 23.~Theodore and Laura Jackson, the latter best known in the United States by the name of Anne Odelia Dies de Bar, were found guilty by a Jury Saturday On charges of immoral practices and fraud. The Judge at once pronounced sentences of fifteen and seven year~ penal ~rvl. tttde upon Jackson and his reputed Porto Rlcan coffee is in steadydemand at high prices in Europe. Soon after Porto Rico became American our ex- perts began studying coffee culture. They speedily found that the Porto Rlcans were shading their coffee plants too" much--that the shade was not necessary in itself and that its chief value was in the effect on the soil of the roots of the leguminous trees which supplied it. Better methods have been suggested which are expected to double or treble Porto Rice's coffee crop. The cold and dry winters of the. northern great plains states have fre- quently killed the grass and so cur- tailed pasturage that heavy loss of live stock resulted. In Russia the AgrlcuI. tural Department has found a grass and in Turkestan an alfalfa which stand cold and drouth better than any previously known here. The former has proved perfectly hardy clear up in North Dakota and assures the farmers there both pasturage and hay. Not long ago an insect known as the "San Jose scale" was found to be num- crofts and destructive in the California orchards. Several European countries took alarm and adopted measures which threatened greatly to curtail our foreign fruit trade. Reasoning from such past experience as that of the rub. bit and the thistle in Australia, it was seen that the reason this scale was so destructive was that it had reached a country where its natural enemies did not exist to keep it in check. Then a world-wide search for this in. sect's home and natural enemy began. Both were found in North China. There the seals infested all sorts of fruit trees, but did no extensive damage be- cause a beetle kept its numbers within bounds. So this beetle has been brought across the Pacific and set to work upon its natural prey, and California fruit growers axe feeling much more cheer. ful than they felt a few'years ago. No Difference in 8ugar~. The beet sugar manufacturers of Col. Grade find they have another foe to contend with. and that right here in the state, namely, a prejudice fostered cud encouraged hy th~ cane sugar peo- ple, that the beet product is not availa- ble for all the uses to which the cane sugar is put. Denver housewives have been discovered who shared this preJu, dies, and the Colorado beet sugar men are slowly fighting this feeling down. Thi~ same question was recently pro- pounded to Prof. R. C: Kedzie of the Michigan Agricultural College, who re- plied as follows: "There is only one answer to these questions. Cane sugar and beef sugar are the same. It is not a question of similarity, but of identity. Chemists the world beer are agreed as to the identity of cane and beet sugar, and all statements of difference in propertles~ of inferiority or superiority'in these su- gars-are made either in ignorance or deception. "The suspicion was aroused by the engar trust that beet sugar was inferior to cane sugar, and this suspicion has been carefully nourished by the sugar trust, and the statement has been so often rePeated that many folks have believed it. What are the facts? For the last three years the people or the northern states have used beet sugar almost exclusively. Look at the world's sugar production in 1'898. We were at war with Spain, and little su- gar was produced in Cuba and Porto Rico, and less still was exported. None was obtained from the PhllilJpine islands; the sugar from the Sandwich~ islands was required for our people on the Pacific coast; Louisiana could not make enough sugar to supply herself and the Gulf states. Where could ~ get enough sugar to supply the millions of tons required for the world's con- sumption if we depended on sugar from the cane alone7 ~he supply of sugar from sugar cane has been insuf- ficient to fill and replenish the world's sugar bowl, and for three years past we have bee~ in a large measure cur off from that source. If it had not been for the beet sugar of Europe the world would have gone hungry. Beet sugar at this time furnishes two-thirds of the world's supply. The supply of refined sugar for our own use for three years past has consisted largely ef beet su- gar from Germany and France. "Why such desolation? Because the American manufacturers have brought~ the process to such perfection that they turn out from their factories refined sugar, and nothing but refined sugar, requiring no aid from the sugar refin- ers of New York. If this suPerior pro- eels comes into general use 'Othello's occuPation is gone' in this country, and our ewn factories will furnish our peo- ple with pure sugar 'fresh from the mint,' and the sugar trust, with its peculiar methods, may retire from the scene. 'Hmieo these tears.'" SCARED THE BANK TELLER. While eating his luncheon in the cozy corner of a downtown restaurant last Friday the teller of a New York bank told an interesting experience that he had had the day previous. "I never had such a fright In my life before," he said. "When I left home in the morning I planned to have my wife nfeet me at the bank at 4 o'clock, when we were to ~tart on a little spree---have a dinner at the Waldorf and attend {he theater at night. "I took a dress coat and wore a silk hat, so as to be all ready to start when she came. The hat was placed on a shelf above my window, and from the beginning I planned to be all ready when my wife caUed. I kept tab on my checks and my cash In such shape that but little time would be required to balance my accounts when we closed at 3 o'clock. "Matters went along as usual, ex- cepting that a black cat kept in the bank came to visit me shortly after luncheon, Jumped on the shelf and knocked my hat down on my checks and cash. You know that black cats are supposed to bring bad luck. "Well, 3 o~clock came, and I hurried with the closing of my accounts. As fate would have it, for the first time in weeks there was an error. I was $10,000 short. Then I was frightened. I went over everything again with the same result. Four o'clock and my wife came• and I could not account for the $10,000. I saw trouble, with a probable accusation of embezzlement. There was no leaving the bank with matters in that condition, so at it I went again --with the same result. Then I told the president of the situation, and he sent one of the bookkeepers to assist me. We went over everything, and yet the $I0,000 could not be accounted for. My wife was patiently waiting for me, and when 6 o'clock came I decided t~ go with her to dinner, and come back afterward to renew the search" for the error. I reached my hat from the shelf, and as I was placing it on my head out of it fluttered a check for $10,000. The black eat was respon- sible for all my trouble." THE KING'S REFUGE. , i The picture printed herewith is of the King's house at the Tower of Lon- don, where his majesty Is supposed to take refuge in times of civil commo- tion. This relic of ancient days has been brought into prominence by a re- cent discussion. There ia now little doubt that the real reason for its be- ing so called is because it was set aside in olden times as a royal har- bor of refuge. ~t" Graveyard of the Atlmntlc, uated about ninety miles off the coast of Nova Scotia and surrounded by many dangerous shoals is Sable Island, called "the graveyard of the Atlantic." It often lurks invisible in the track of westward bound ships wrapped in the fog which at times en- shrouds the shores north of the. St. Lawrence. It is now proposed to try planting it with trees in the hope of binding its shifting sands together. Some 80,000 trees, comprising 68,000 evergreens, such as spruce, pine and Juniper, have been actually planted. There are three life-saving stations supplied with lifeboats and excellent apparatus, and, the population, com- posed of the men employed in this service, with their wives and families, number forty-fives," The funds are sup- plied by the Dominion government. Shelter huts have been erected for shipwrecked people, and a large store of food is always kept on hand. Sunshine m~ Medicine. No slrup of poppies, no tincture of opium, no powders of morphine, says one of the medical Journals, can com- pare in sleep-producing power with sunshine. The worst soporific is laudanum and the best is sunshine. Therefore it is easily understood that poor sleepers should pass as many hourstn the sunshine a~possthle, Many women are martyrs and do not know it. They shut the sunshine out of their houses, they wear veils, they car~ ry s~lnahades, and doall that l~ pos- sible to keep off the subtlest and yet most potent influence which is in- tended to give them strength and beauty and cheerfulness• £ Commonplnee Olty. Berlin, as compared with London, is an upstart city, and the Berlin crowd suggests the appearance of people of some great village. They look com- monplace, as if J~St taken from the ranks of toilers th~/t have not yet had time and money to cultivate the more graceful arts of life. The dre~slng of Berlin women is mostly execrable, and that of the men is scarcely better. ~ You onder t~tat 86 much of ugliness of tire, so much commonplaeenus in the appearance of men and women could be got together. It is in such a moment that you feel the full differ. once between London and 13~rliL WHAT IS BEIN(i DONE o IN T[IE MINING WORLD 8~I~N MIGUEL COUNTY. of the State Commlsslon~ o~ ~tate Commissioner of Mines Harry k. Lee, after careful strudy of the geological conditions of the principal mining divisions of San Miguel coun- ty during the fall months, has pre- pared and placed on file in his office a report which is worthy of mare than casual mention, says the Denver if)est. Following a brief description of Savage basin, he states that it Is of great economic importance, because It embraces several metalliferous mines that have proven sources of revenue to taeir owners. They were discov- ered and put under active operation soon after the finding of fabulously rich ores in Marshall basin in 1875. But it was no~ until after the advent of railways that development becanfe extensive. San Miguel county is a very Im- portant factor iu the state's produc- tion. The total yield, as compiled by the state bureau of mines for th( years 1897 to 1900 iacluslve, is $10: 288,682.70, divide4 as follows: Gold $6,234,878.13; silver, $3,176,600.19 lead, $717,049.94; cot)per, $160,154.44. The values for 1900, computed at the average market price of each metal, run as follows: Gold, $1,827,- 352.02; silver, $698,042'.56; lead., $158,- 617; copper, $51,384.63; total, $2,735.- ~96.21. Geologically the San Juan moun- tains ls one of the most interesting see~ions of the state. Taken as a whole, the mountain structure is quite complex and is not yet fully deter- mined. He commends the recent work of the United States geological survey in publishing a geological atlas known as the '~relluride Folio" No. 57, or the '~I'elluride Quadrangle," as having done much toward advancing the ma- terial" welfare of this section. The able report accompanying this arias by C. Whitman Cross, geologist lu charge, has done much to remove ex- isting doubts and contentions brought about by former surveys. The report of Ohester Wells Purington upon the mining industries and economic geol- ogy with the atlas is likewise of great value. These two reports furnish a fund of information which, if care- fully, studied• will afford a base for intelligent mining. The territory included in the reports and atlas mentioned embraces 235.66 miles. It lies wholly on the Pacific slope and near the wemern border of the San Juan mountain area. By county divisions it embraces portions of Sa~ Miguel, Dolores, ~kan Juan and Ouray counties, the main portion of the quadrangle being in San Migtiel. Referring to Savage basin he says nearly every foot of available terri- tory in the basin is located either as as a lode claim or placer. Nearly all fissures contain veins. As a matter of fact all fissu~ examined in this see- tion were found filled with veins, and the greater portion were ore veins. ~lne veins most prominent in the sys- tem are the Smuggler-Uuion-'Sheridan- Alamo-Ajax on the southwest side of the basin; the Clmarron--Columbia on next northeast, then. in the order named, the Gem Bug-Eighty-Fi~e, the Big Elephant-Argentine, the Whale, Virginlus. Japan- Olimax, Morning- Flora, the Iron-Occidental and the .Tomboy-Belmont The vein system, while crossed and Intersected with others at almost all angles, is crossed by another apparent system having practically an east and west strike. These are apparently younger than the first meutioned, and where they intersect generally fault the older veins, but they may cut through without any apparent dislo- cation. The most Interesting vein of system is the Pandora. It is strong, well-defined..filled in the main with quartz, and being harder than the country crossed, stands up prominent- ly in many places. From a point in Middle basin it may be seen euttdng across the different ridges between Middle basin a~d Teliuride. The Pan- dora vein is supposed, and with a good show of reason, to be the same as the now noted Camp Bird, In Ou- ray county. It is covered by locations for nearly five miles. Although very largely exploited on account of its ~preminence and strengvh, It has not proven, as a whole, a profitable ore vein, and, with a few exceptions, has from a commercial standpoint been barren of values. The Camp Bird group is, of course, a notable exeel~ tlon. ~peaking of the Smuggler~Unlon, .Mr. Lee says that the vein has been systematically developed for over two miles with satisfactory results, but is located for a distance of several miles• The claims on the southeast side of Marshall creek have not as yet proven very remuuerative, The Olmarron-~olumbia vein has been a large producer, especially on the Clmarron end. ~t Is covered by loca- tions from the Clmarron to the head of Savage basin. In the otlmr direc- tion developments would indicate the belief that the Clmarron vein Joins with the Smuggler. The fact remains, however, that the Pandora vein cross- es near where the Smuggler and the ~lmarron would naturally '~ form a Junction, and t,hat the Pandora up- pears to fault all veins it crosses. There is, therefore,* a posslbllity that the Olmarron is faulted, and might, if found again, continue to roughly par- allel the Smuggler vein to the north- west as t~ the southeast. The C~lumbia is now being operated by the Menona Mining and Milling Company, which owns the Menona, Columbia, Modern and Erin's Hope claims, all of which are patented and ~mbrace 4,165 feet along the vein. The property, is oPerated through two crass. cut tunfieis. The upper cuts the veln at 36~ feet from the mouth and the lower 1,550 feet from the entrance. The distance between tunnels is 415 feet. This property is developed by several thousand feet of work• On the ,upper level the llneal development along t&e • vein is 1,600, feet; on the lower level, 1,200-iMet. ~Che levels are connected by a somewhat irregular set of up- raises." The vein throughout shows tim leading characteristics of the veins of that section, with ,perhaps a little more oxidation than the majority at the same depth. The Gold Bug or '85 vein is the next and roughly tmrallels the Cimarron-Columbia. The Big Ele- phant and Argentine vein lles next on the northeast. The outcrop is one of the most prominent In the basin, along which locations aggregating nearly three miles have been made and the majority developed for patent• From a commercial standpoint it has been considered of questionable value until withi~ the past two years. The Tom, boy Mining Company began systemat- ic exploration nnder a lease and bond. Development opened up good ore bod- ies and before the time limit of the bond expired they extracted enough money net not only to pay for the prop- erty (about $50,000). but also $120,000 in dividends. At the .present time the Argentine ls working verY large ore bodies and of good grade• While the ore is not exceedingly high gra(le, the gold conten~ are to a great extent "free" and yield readily to amalgama- tion. This property was a great acqul. sitlon to the Tomboy and bids fair to ontrival any in the district in net pro- tluction. So far as developed, this vein seems to carry values ~in shoot form. of which two large ones have already been opened. The next vein to the northeast Is the Whale•. The name, however, does noz imply anything as to the size of the vein, but rather the reverse. The Vlr- ginius-Japan-Clim~x vein, next on the north, has been quite extensively de- veloped. It is supposed by the owners to be the same as the Virginlus tn Ouray county. Northwest of the Japan the country is cavered in the main with heavy slides. The Japan is also south of the Pandora, which is appar- ently a great disturbin~g element wher- ever it crosses other veins. On the other hand. there are many character- istics of the Japan vein that are com- parable to the Vlrglnius, and the claim now made by the owners, who are pi- oneers in this district, may eventually be verified. The Morning or Flora vein parallels the J~pan. and fl~m recent develol~ ment gives evidence of being as good or a better revenue yielder than fhe Japan has been. The Flora a number of years ago attracted even mo~e attew tion than the Tomboy or Belmont. The Tomboy-Belmont lies next and has been a regular producer and divi- dend payer for several years. Origin- ally this property was locally better known as the Belmont, and was thought to be of somewhat questiona- ble vahte. The latter outcrops near the head of the basin af an altitude of 12,- 600 feet. This was located in 1880 and the Tomboy -in 1886. Mining pro- gressed in a d~saltory manner until about 1892. By this time a crosscut tunnel had been driven at an altitude of 12,200 feet, cutting the vein in a good ore b¢t~ty, which with a mill, yielded a fair profit. In 1894 the property was transferred to the Tomboy Gold Min- ing Company• and later passed into the, coutrol of the ~IMmboy Gold Mining Company (Limited) of London, Eng- land. The main workings are on the Tomboy and Belmont claims. The crosscut tunnel mentioned above inter. sects the vein ~t about 400 feet from its mouth. The main working tunnel is a crosscut started into the mountain just above the head of the mill, and 381 feet. vertically, below the upper tunnel, known as level No: 2. The lower level. No. 6. encounters the vein at :l,000 feet from its mouth. "l~WO levels haw been Opened between No. 2 and No..6, and the whole connected with a system of upraises and mill- holes. At a point about 1.300 feet southeast from where the lower tunnel intersects the vein a station has been cut, machinery installed and a three- comimrtment shaft sunk. Tim shaft has been sunk vertically a distance of 400 feet, In which four levels have been opened. The to~al amount of develop- ment work in these properties aggre- gates about 25.000 lineal feet. Along the strlke of the vein drifts disclose about 3,000 lineal feet. 23~e width of the Tomboy vein varies from five to eight feet. " In pisces it reaches as high as twelve feet in width, and In others has pinched down to as low as two feet between wails. Careful attention has been given to all measures calcu- lated to prevent Mccidents. There are many other featt~rcs of this mine a~ of the Tetlurlde dJstrlct at large, which ~ are treated at length In this admira- ble report, but lack .of space forbids our dwelling upo~ them at this ~dme. Accompanying it are a number of fine photographic views illustrating varlon~ phases of the geological formations at the surface, and the working parts of the more important mines, which any interested inqnirer may study at his leisure by calling at the office of the commissioner in the state capitol. This' well digested doeumeut forms a ~atu- able compendium ef very use~l infor- mation, Dredging in New Zealand has been a method extensively adopted for Work- lng river beds and: fiat placers for gold with much success. IU fact, am we have noted from time to time, New Zealand practice in dredging has at- tracted notice all over the world. While there are many panics at work, the boo~ Zealand has the latest advices from port the collapse of a number Panies. Thus in the month of A~gmtt no less than sixty-eight mining licela~ms and leases were forfeited or ,~m'ren- doted, meaning the break-down number of still left many sound companies, failure of the flclal rather thm ing and Mining JournaL "Black Hllls present prosperity and prominent among local capitalists.